• 2020年高考真题 英语 (新高考II卷)
前去估分
简答题(综合题) 本大题共110分。简答应写出文字说明、证明过程或演算步骤。
1

第二部分阅读(共两节,满分50分)

第一节(共15小题:每小题2.5分,满分37.5分)

阅读下列短文,从每题所给的A、B、C、D四个选项中选出最佳选项。

Pali Overnight Adventures offers children and teens exciting experiences this summer. From broadcasting to street art, these are just 4 of the 17 highly unique camps being offered.

Broadcasting Camp

Become the next star reporter, news writer, director or producer. While running every aspect of our own news station, kids and their fellow campers will create and host a broadcast airing each night at dinner for the entire camp. Every night it goes on the web, keeping parents and the world informed of the happenings at Pali.

Secret Agent Camp

In the movie Mission Impossible, Tom Cruise made being a secret agent seem like the coolest job ever. Campers who sign up for the 2-week secret agent camp can get to know about the life of real secret agents by learning strategies and military skills on the paintball field.

Culinary Camp

If your child enjoys being in the kitchen, then the culinary camp is definitely the right fit. Campers learn technical skills of roasting, frying and cutting, as well as some recipes that they can take home and share with their families.

Street Art Camp

This camp takes creative license to an entirely new level. Campers will share their colorful ideas and imagination with each other and work together to visualize, sketch and paint with non-traditional techniques to create the coolest mural(壁画)which will be displayed in public for all to see.

21. How many camps does Pali Overnight Adventures offer this summer? ( )

A2.

B4.

C17.

D21.

22. What will campers do at the Broadcasting Camp? ( )

ACreate a website.

BRun a news station.

CMeet a star reporter.

DHold a dinner party.

23. Which camp will attract children who are interested in cooking? ( )

ABroadcasting Camp.

BSecret Agent Camp.

CCulinary Camp

DStreet Art Camp.

分值: 7.5分 查看题目解析 >
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B

The end of the school year was in sight and spirits were high. I was back teaching after an absence of 15 years, dealing with the various kinds of "forbidden fruit" that come out of book bags. Now was the spring of the water pistol(手枪).

I decided to think up a method of dealing with forbidden fruit.

"Please bring that pistol to me," I said. "I'm going to put it in my Grandma's Box."

"What's that?" they asked.

"It's a large wooden chest full of toys for my grandchildren," I replied,

"You don't have grandchildren," someone said.

"I don't now." I replied. "But someday I will. When I do, my box will be full of wonderful things for them."

My imaginary Grandma's Box worked like magic that spring, and later. Sometimes. students would ask me to describe all the things I had in it. Then I would try to remember the different possessions I supposedly had taken away—since I seldom actually kept them Usually the offender would appear at the end of the day, and I would return the belonging.

The-years went by, and my first grandchild Gordon was born. I shared my joy with that year's class. Then someone said, "Now you can use your Grandma's Box." From then on instead of coming to ask their possessions back, the students would say, "That's okay. Put it in your Grandma's Box for Gordon."

I loved talking about the imaginary box, not only with my students but also with my own children. They enjoyed hearing about all the forbidden fruit I had collected. Then one Christmas I received a surprise gift—a large, beautifully made wooden chest. My son Bruce had made my Grandma's Box a reality.

24. What was the author's purpose in having the conversation with the students? ( )

ATo collect the water pistol.

BTo talk about her grandchildren.

CTo recommend some toys.

DTo explain her teaching method.

25. What do the underlined words "the offender" in paragraph 8 refer to? ( )

AThe student's parent.

BThe maker of the Grandma's Box.

CThe author's grandchild.

DThe owner of the forbidden fruit.

26. What did the students do after they learned about the birth of Gordon? (

AThey went to play with the baby.

BThey asked to see the Grandma's Box.

CThey made a present for Gordon.

DThey stopped asking their toys back.

27. What can we infer about the author? ( )

AShe enjoys telling jokes.

BShe is a strict and smart teacher.

CShe loves doing woodwork.

DShe is a responsible grandmother

分值: 10分 查看题目解析 >
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C

In May 1987 the Golden Gate Bridge had a 50th birthday party. The bridge was closed to motor traffic so people could enjoy a walk across it. Organizers expected perhaps 50,000 people to show up. Instead, as many as 800, 000 crowded the roads to the bridge. By the time 250,000 were on the bridge, engineers noticed something terrible:the roadway was flattening under what turned out to be the heaviest load it had ever been asked to carry. Worse, it was beginning to sway(晃动). The authorities closed access to the bridge and tens of thousands of people made their way back to land. A disaster was avoided.

The story is one of scores in To Forgive Design:Understanding Failure, a book that is at once a love letter to engineering and a paean(赞歌)to its breakdowns. Its author, Dr. Henry Petroski, has long been writing about disasters. In this book, he includes the loss of the space shuttles(航天飞机)Challenger and Columbia, and the sinking of the Titanic.

Though he acknowledges that engineering works can fail because the person who thought them up or engineered them simply got things wrong, in this book Dr. Petroski widens his view to consider the larger context in which such failures occur. Sometimes devices fail because a good design is constructed with low quality materials incompetently applied. Or perhaps a design works so well it is adopted elsewhere again and again, with seemingly harmless improvements, until, suddenly, it does not work at all anymore.

Readers will encounter not only stories they have heard before, but some new stories and a moving discussion of the responsibility of the engineer to the public and the ways young engineers can be helped to grasp them.

"Success is success but that is all that it is," Dr. Petroski writes. It is failure that brings improvement.

28. What happened to the Golden Gate Bridge on its 50th birthday? ( )

AIt carried more weight than it could.

BIt swayed violently in a strong wind

CIts roadway was damaged by vehicles

DIts access was blocked by many people.

29. Which of the following is Dr. Petroski's idea according to paragraph 3? ( )

ANo design is well received everywhere

BConstruction is more important than design.

CNot all disasters are caused by engineering design

DImprovements on engineering works are necessary.

30. What does the last paragraph suggest? ( )

AFailure can lead to progress.

BSuccess results in overconfidence

CFailure should be avoided.

DSuccess comes from joint efforts.

31. What is the text? ( )

AA news report

BA short story.

CA book review

DA research article.

分值: 10分 查看题目解析 >
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D

Rainforests are home to a rich variety of medicinal plants, food, birds and animals. Can you believe that a single bush(灌木丛)in the Amazon may have more species of ants than the whole of Britain! About 480 varieties of trees may be found in just one hectare of rainforest.

Rainforests are the lungs of the planet-storing vast quantities of carbon dioxide and producing a significant amount of the world's oxygen. Rainforests have their own perfect system for ensuring their own survival; the tall trees make a canopy(树冠层)of branches and leaves which protect themselves, smaller plants, and the forest animals from heavy rain, intense dry heat from the sun and strong winds.

Amazingly, the trees grow in such a way that their leaves and branches, although close together, never actually touch those of another tree. Scientists think this is the plants' way to prevent the spread of any tree diseases and make life more difficult for leaf-eating insects like caterpillars. To survive in the forest, animals must climb, jump or fly across the gaps. The ground floor of the forest is not all tangled leaves and bushes, like in films, but is actually fairly clear. It is where dead leaves turn into food for the trees and other forest life.

They are not called rainforests for nothing! Rainforests can generate 75%of their own rain. At least 80 inches of rain a year is normal-and in some areas there may be as much as 430 inches of rain annually. This is real rain-your umbrella may protect you in a shower, but it won't keep you dry if there is a full rainstorm. In just two hours, streams can rise ten to twenty feet. The humidity(湿气)of large rainforests contributes to the formation of rainclouds that may travel to other countries in need of rain.

32. What can we learn about rainforests from the first paragraph? ( )

AThey produce oxygen.

BThey cover a vast area.

CThey are well managed.

DThey are rich in wildlife.

33. Which of the following contributes most to the survival of rainforests? ( )

AHeavy rains

BBig trees.

CSmall plants.

DForest animals.

34. Why do the leaves and branches of different trees avoid touching each other? ( )

AFor more sunlight.

BFor more growing space.

CFor self-protection.

DFor the detection of insects.

35. What can be a suitable title for the text? ( )

ALife-Giving Rainforests

BThe Law of the Jungle

CAnimals in the Amazon

DWeather in Rainforests

分值: 10分 查看题目解析 >
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36. 第二节(共5小题:每小题2.5分,满分12.5分)

阅读下面短文,从短文后的选项中选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项,选项中有两项为多余选项。

Talking with your doctor

Talking freelywith your doctor can make you feel better and gives your doctor the informationshe or he needs to give you the best care. Don't be afraid or embarrassed todiscuss something that is bothering you.  36  

●Staypositive.

Go to yourdoctor's visits with a good attitude.  37   Think teamwork! Thinkpositive!

●Keeptrack of how you are feeling.

   38   Thiswill make it easier for you to answer questions about your symptoms(症状)andhow medicines make you feel. It also makes it easier for you to bring upanything that you are worried about. Make sure to be honest about how you feeland how long you've felt that way.

●   39  

Your medicalhistory is a list of your illnesses, treatments, what the doctors told you to do,and anything else you think your doctor should know. Also, if you are allergic(过敏)toany medicines, be sure to mention that to your doctor.

●Askquestions.

Do not be afraidto ask your doctor any questions you have. To remember all the questions you havewhen you are not in the doctor's office, write them down and bring the listwith you to your appointment.  40   Remember—there'sno such thing as a stupid question. If you don't understand the answer to aquestion, ask the doctor to explain it again until you do understand.

 A. Thiswill make getting answers easier.

 B. Here are some tips for talking with yourdoctor.

 C. You can talk to another doctor if the treatments don't work. 

D.Before your doctor's visit, keep notes on how you are feeling. 

E. Remember,your doctor and other caregivers are on your side. 

F. Bring your medicalhistory, including a list of your current medicines. 

G. Writing down what thedoctor says will help you remember important information.

分值: 12.5分 查看题目解析 >
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41.第一节(共15小题;每小题1分,满分15分)

阅读下面短文,从每题所给的A、B、C、D四个选项中选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。

When Jim Grant spotted black smoke coming out of a building on his way to work, he   41   his car to call 911. Then he   42   a U-turn, circling back to take another look.

Pulling up to the building, Grant saw flames(火焰)shooting out of a second-floor window. Not seeing or hearing any fire engines   43   Grant rushed to a side   44   and ran up the stairs.

On the second floor, he   45   every apartment door. "Get out!" Grant shouted, No one   46   and he assumed that people had already   47   . Reaching the end of the hallway, though, Grant   48   a half-open door. He kicked it wide open, finding a   49   woman in a wheelchair with a little boy and a tiny baby. "Let's   50   !" he screamed. The woman looked at him in confusion and said something about changing her clothes. Grant didn't wait, Clutching(抓牢)the baby to his chest and   51   the boy alongside, Grant ran down the hallway. When he was   52   outside, the only   53   in sight was a policeman. Grant told him about the   54   and they rushed into the smoky building.

Thanks to them, a family was saved from the fire. Grant and the policeman were honored for their   55   .

(    )41. A. drove         B. stopped      C. reached      D. abandoned

(    )42. A. saw           B. made      C. missed        D. crossed

(    )43. A. burning        B. leaving      C. approaching     D. waiting  

(    )44. A. entrance        B. road       C. building       D. window

(    )45. A. locked          B. kicked     C. counted      D. repaired

(    )46. A. agreed          B. cared       C. responded      D. understood

(    )47. A. arrived          B. returned    C. hidden       D. escaped

(    )48. A. skipped         B. closed      C. noticed      D. remembered

(    )49. A. frightened       B. curious        C. patient      D. grateful

(    )50. A. turn back         B. go up      C. get out        D. lie down

(    )51. A. following        B. dragging      C. examining     D. passing

(    )52. A. safely          B. secretly       C. suddenly      D. previously

(    )53. A. witness         B. guide       C. service         D. help

(    )54. A. woman         B. door        C. car            D. baby

(    )55. A. wisdom         B. generosity   C. honesty         D. courage

分值: 15分 查看题目解析 >
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56.阅读下面短文,在空白处填入1个适当的单词或括号内单词的正确形式。

These days, it is not unusual for 10-to 12-year-olds to publish their own websites or for second and third graders 56 (begin)computer classes. At the same time, computer games are becoming increasingly popular as major publishing houses continue to develop 57 (education)computer programs for children in preschool. Also, technological know-how has become a 58 (require)for most jobs in an increasingly digital world, as the computer has become a common tool in most 59 (profession)

The Digital World is a set of volumes 60 aim to describe how digital systems influence society and help readers understand the nature of digital systems and their many interacting parts. Each volume in the set explores 61 wide range of material, explains the basic concepts of major applications of digital systems, 62 discusses the influences they have on everyday life. Because the number of possible topics 63 (be)practically limitless, we focus on a sample of the most interesting and useful applications and tools and explain the basic principles of technology. Readers 64 (encourage)to continue exploring the digital world with the guidance of 65 (we)Further Resources section featured in each volume.

分值: 15分 查看题目解析 >
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66.第一节(满分15分)

假定你是李华,上周日你校举办了5公里越野赛跑活动。请你为校英文报写一篇报道,内容包括:

1.参加人员;

2.跑步从校门只到南山脚下;

3.活动反响。

注意:

1.写作词数应为80左右;

2.请按如下格式在答题卡的相应位置作答。

                           

分值: 15分 查看题目解析 >
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67.第二节(满分25分)

阅读下面材料,根据其内容和所给段落开头语续写两段,使之构成一篇完整的短文。

The Meredithfamily lived in a small community. As the economy was in decline, some peoplein the town had lost their jobs. Many of their families were struggling to makeends meet. People were trying to help each other meet the challenges.

Mrs. Meredith wasa most kind and thoughtful woman. She spent a great deal of time visiting thepoor. She knew they had problems, and they needed all kinds of help. When shehad time, she would bring food and medicine to them.

One morning shetold her children about a family she had visited the day before. There was aman sick in bed, his wife, who took care of him and could not go out to work, andtheir little boy. The little boy-his name was Bernard—hadinterested her very much.

"I wish youcould see him," she said to her own children, John, Harry, and Clara."He is such a help to his mother. He wants very much to earn some money, butI don't see what he can do"

After their motherleft the room, the children sat thinking(          )couldhelp him to earn money." said Clara. "His family is suffering so much."

"So do I,"said Harry. "We really should do something to assist them."

For some moments, Johnsaid nothing. but, suddenly, he sprang to his feet and cried, "I have agreat idea! I have a solution that we can all help accomplish(完成)."

The other childrenalso jumped up all attention. When John had an idea, it was sure to be a goodone, "I tell you what we can do, "said John. "You know that bigbox of com Uncle John sent us? Well, we can make popcorn(爆米花),and put it into paper bags, and Bernard can take it around to the houses andsell it."

注意:

1.续写词数应为150左右;

2.请按如下格式在答题卡的相应位置作答。

                           

分值: 15分 查看题目解析 >
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