• 英语 2018年高三福建省第二次模拟试题
单选题 本大题共15小题,每小题2分,共30分。在每小题给出的4个选项中,有且只有一项是符合题目要求。
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第一节  (共15小题;每小题2分,满分30分)

    阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项A、B、C和D中,选出最佳选项。

                                A

        Hello and welcome to Reading! We’rethe Rock family, and we’re looking forward to sharing our home with you for thefollowing three months.

        Front doors

        There are three keys on the keyingwe’re given you. Two of them open the front door, and the third one opens theinside door. You may find it difficult to lock and unlock the doors in thefirst week, and you’ll probably need some practice before you get it right!Please make sure to keep the inside door closed between the months of Octoberand April, because this will mike it cheaper for us to heat the house duringthe colder weather!

        Shopping for groceries

        Marks &Spencer—at the petrolstation near the 17 bus stop at the Three Tuns crossroads (a ten-minute walkfrom our house). This is also quite expensive, but is open very early and verylate. Lidl—this is where our family does most of our shopping. Our local Lidlsupermarket is in Woodley, and we usually go there twice or three times a week.Lidl is one of the cheapest supermarkets in Reading, but it doesn’t sell a widerange of products. There is also a Korean shop on the University campus whichsells Chinese food products. You can find it in Students’ Union building in thecenter of campus.

        Boiling water

        We know that most Chinese people liketo drink hot water. You are welcome to boil water in our kettle, but water inBritain houses is always safe to drink without boiling. (If you visit a placein Britain where the water isn’t safe to drink, there will be a sign to tellyou so.)

        Trains in Reading

        Trains: Our nearest railway station isnot Reading station, but Earley. It is possible to catch a train from Readingrailway station to Earley station, but maybe this won’t be very useful for you,because Earley station is very difficult to find if you are walking, and ittakes about 20 minutes to walk between our house and Earley station. Mostpeople prefer to catch a bus into town instead.

Why do the host family want the inside door closed?

ATo protect themselves from theft.

BTo save money to heat the room.

CTo keep the room warm in winter.

DTo avoid practicing how to open it.

分值: 2分 查看题目解析 >
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                                A

        Hello and welcome to Reading! We’rethe Rock family, and we’re looking forward to sharing our home with you for thefollowing three months.

        Front doors

        There are three keys on the keyingwe’re given you. Two of them open the front door, and the third one opens theinside door. You may find it difficult to lock and unlock the doors in thefirst week, and you’ll probably need some practice before you get it right!Please make sure to keep the inside door closed between the months of Octoberand April, because this will mike it cheaper for us to heat the house duringthe colder weather!

        Shopping for groceries

        Marks &Spencer—at the petrolstation near the 17 bus stop at the Three Tuns crossroads (a ten-minute walkfrom our house). This is also quite expensive, but is open very early and verylate. Lidl—this is where our family does most of our shopping. Our local Lidlsupermarket is in Woodley, and we usually go there twice or three times a week.Lidl is one of the cheapest supermarkets in Reading, but it doesn’t sell a widerange of products. There is also a Korean shop on the University campus whichsells Chinese food products. You can find it in Students’ Union building in thecenter of campus.

        Boiling water

        We know that most Chinese people liketo drink hot water. You are welcome to boil water in our kettle, but water inBritain houses is always safe to drink without boiling. (If you visit a placein Britain where the water isn’t safe to drink, there will be a sign to tellyou so.)

        Trains in Reading

        Trains: Our nearest railway station isnot Reading station, but Earley. It is possible to catch a train from Readingrailway station to Earley station, but maybe this won’t be very useful for you,because Earley station is very difficult to find if you are walking, and ittakes about 20 minutes to walk between our house and Earley station. Mostpeople prefer to catch a bus into town instead.

What is the disadvantage of Lidl?

AIt is quite expensive.

BIt opens long hours.

CIt is far away from the house.

DIt sells limited products.

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                                A

        Hello and welcome to Reading! We’rethe Rock family, and we’re looking forward to sharing our home with you for thefollowing three months.

        Front doors

        There are three keys on the keyingwe’re given you. Two of them open the front door, and the third one opens theinside door. You may find it difficult to lock and unlock the doors in thefirst week, and you’ll probably need some practice before you get it right!Please make sure to keep the inside door closed between the months of Octoberand April, because this will mike it cheaper for us to heat the house duringthe colder weather!

        Shopping for groceries

        Marks &Spencer—at the petrolstation near the 17 bus stop at the Three Tuns crossroads (a ten-minute walkfrom our house). This is also quite expensive, but is open very early and verylate. Lidl—this is where our family does most of our shopping. Our local Lidlsupermarket is in Woodley, and we usually go there twice or three times a week.Lidl is one of the cheapest supermarkets in Reading, but it doesn’t sell a widerange of products. There is also a Korean shop on the University campus whichsells Chinese food products. You can find it in Students’ Union building in thecenter of campus.

        Boiling water

        We know that most Chinese people liketo drink hot water. You are welcome to boil water in our kettle, but water inBritain houses is always safe to drink without boiling. (If you visit a placein Britain where the water isn’t safe to drink, there will be a sign to tellyou so.)

        Trains in Reading

        Trains: Our nearest railway station isnot Reading station, but Earley. It is possible to catch a train from Readingrailway station to Earley station, but maybe this won’t be very useful for you,because Earley station is very difficult to find if you are walking, and ittakes about 20 minutes to walk between our house and Earley station. Mostpeople prefer to catch a bus into town instead.

Who is the text written for?

AChinese visitors.

BKorean students.

CReading trainers.

DRailway workers.

分值: 2分 查看题目解析 >
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                                B

        She will face the challenges of ridinga bike to school or not being able to climb the monkey bars during playtime.But little Ella Peggie, who was born without her left arm, will get anextraordinary opportunity to share a life-changing bond with her new belovedpet, three-legged puppy.

        When her mother, Brooke Hodgson, sawthe one-year-old puppy named Snowy, she knew instantly it would be the perfectcompanion for her one-year-old daughter. “My heart skipped a beat when I sawSnowy online,” Ms. Hodgson said. It took just three days for the puppy, whorecently had surgery to remove a leg, to find a new home after she was sent tothe animal shelter last week.

        “I knew she was going to be perfectfor Ella—they share the same age so they both have a long life of friendshipahead of them. I just know that Snowy is going to increase her confidence whenshe is growing up. It’s going to be great for Ella when she realizes she’sdifferent or when she’s having a bad day, she will see the resemblance and knowthat she’s not alone.

        Ms. Hodgson has been touched by therelationship between the pair since the lively puppy became the latestaddition to the family. And she believes the caring puppy will be by Ella’sside through the highs and lows of her life. Ms. Hodgson said, “Ever morningSnowy looks for Ella first before she runs to anyone else. It’s quite a uniquelink. I’m just thankful that I was able to give her this dog. I just can’t waitfor them to get even closer. Not many people are able to do this for theirchildren so we’re very lucky to have Snowy. I can’t even explain how I feelright now.” The young mother said Snowy, who was welcomed into the family justa week ago, has been playing a very special part to Ella’s life as well as herthree-year-old brother Blake and her father, Stewart Peggie.

How did the mother feel when she saw the three-legged puppy online?

AExcited.

BPuzzled.

Cdisappointed.

DAstonished.

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                                B

        She will face the challenges of ridinga bike to school or not being able to climb the monkey bars during playtime.But little Ella Peggie, who was born without her left arm, will get anextraordinary opportunity to share a life-changing bond with her new belovedpet, three-legged puppy.

        When her mother, Brooke Hodgson, sawthe one-year-old puppy named Snowy, she knew instantly it would be the perfectcompanion for her one-year-old daughter. “My heart skipped a beat when I sawSnowy online,” Ms. Hodgson said. It took just three days for the puppy, whorecently had surgery to remove a leg, to find a new home after she was sent tothe animal shelter last week.

        “I knew she was going to be perfectfor Ella—they share the same age so they both have a long life of friendshipahead of them. I just know that Snowy is going to increase her confidence whenshe is growing up. It’s going to be great for Ella when she realizes she’sdifferent or when she’s having a bad day, she will see the resemblance and knowthat she’s not alone.

        Ms. Hodgson has been touched by therelationship between the pair since the lively puppy became the latestaddition to the family. And she believes the caring puppy will be by Ella’sside through the highs and lows of her life. Ms. Hodgson said, “Ever morningSnowy looks for Ella first before she runs to anyone else. It’s quite a uniquelink. I’m just thankful that I was able to give her this dog. I just can’t waitfor them to get even closer. Not many people are able to do this for theirchildren so we’re very lucky to have Snowy. I can’t even explain how I feelright now.” The young mother said Snowy, who was welcomed into the family justa week ago, has been playing a very special part to Ella’s life as well as herthree-year-old brother Blake and her father, Stewart Peggie.

What does the phrase “the latest addition” in the last paragraph refer to?

AElla.

BSnowy.

CBlake.

DStewart Peggie.

分值: 2分 查看题目解析 >
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                                B

        She will face the challenges of ridinga bike to school or not being able to climb the monkey bars during playtime.But little Ella Peggie, who was born without her left arm, will get anextraordinary opportunity to share a life-changing bond with her new belovedpet, three-legged puppy.

        When her mother, Brooke Hodgson, sawthe one-year-old puppy named Snowy, she knew instantly it would be the perfectcompanion for her one-year-old daughter. “My heart skipped a beat when I sawSnowy online,” Ms. Hodgson said. It took just three days for the puppy, whorecently had surgery to remove a leg, to find a new home after she was sent tothe animal shelter last week.

        “I knew she was going to be perfectfor Ella—they share the same age so they both have a long life of friendshipahead of them. I just know that Snowy is going to increase her confidence whenshe is growing up. It’s going to be great for Ella when she realizes she’sdifferent or when she’s having a bad day, she will see the resemblance and knowthat she’s not alone.

        Ms. Hodgson has been touched by therelationship between the pair since the lively puppy became the latestaddition to the family. And she believes the caring puppy will be by Ella’sside through the highs and lows of her life. Ms. Hodgson said, “Ever morningSnowy looks for Ella first before she runs to anyone else. It’s quite a uniquelink. I’m just thankful that I was able to give her this dog. I just can’t waitfor them to get even closer. Not many people are able to do this for theirchildren so we’re very lucky to have Snowy. I can’t even explain how I feelright now.” The young mother said Snowy, who was welcomed into the family justa week ago, has been playing a very special part to Ella’s life as well as herthree-year-old brother Blake and her father, Stewart Peggie.

Why did the mother welcome the dog into her family?

ATo give her daughter confidence.

BTo make her family full of fun.

CTo show sympathy for the dog.

DTo give the dog a comfortable space.

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                                B

        She will face the challenges of ridinga bike to school or not being able to climb the monkey bars during playtime.But little Ella Peggie, who was born without her left arm, will get anextraordinary opportunity to share a life-changing bond with her new belovedpet, three-legged puppy.

        When her mother, Brooke Hodgson, sawthe one-year-old puppy named Snowy, she knew instantly it would be the perfectcompanion for her one-year-old daughter. “My heart skipped a beat when I sawSnowy online,” Ms. Hodgson said. It took just three days for the puppy, whorecently had surgery to remove a leg, to find a new home after she was sent tothe animal shelter last week.

        “I knew she was going to be perfectfor Ella—they share the same age so they both have a long life of friendshipahead of them. I just know that Snowy is going to increase her confidence whenshe is growing up. It’s going to be great for Ella when she realizes she’sdifferent or when she’s having a bad day, she will see the resemblance and knowthat she’s not alone.

        Ms. Hodgson has been touched by therelationship between the pair since the lively puppy became the latestaddition to the family. And she believes the caring puppy will be by Ella’sside through the highs and lows of her life. Ms. Hodgson said, “Ever morningSnowy looks for Ella first before she runs to anyone else. It’s quite a uniquelink. I’m just thankful that I was able to give her this dog. I just can’t waitfor them to get even closer. Not many people are able to do this for theirchildren so we’re very lucky to have Snowy. I can’t even explain how I feelright now.” The young mother said Snowy, who was welcomed into the family justa week ago, has been playing a very special part to Ella’s life as well as herthree-year-old brother Blake and her father, Stewart Peggie.

What is probably the best title of the text?

AWhy the Beautiful Girl Was Born One Arm.

BHow to Adopt a Three-legged Puppy Dog.

CA Three-legged Puppy Dog Found Online.

DA One-arm Girl and Her Three-legged Puppy.

分值: 2分 查看题目解析 >
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                                C

        Point a high-powered telescope at theconstellation Cetus(鲸鱼座)and it is just possible to make out a dim red dwarf(矮星)star shining in the tail. Although it might seem not be seen,circling around that star is a rocky planet that could hold the answer towhether we are alone in the universe.

        Scientists say the planet is a “Super-Earth”which is the best place to look for signs of life outside of the Solar System.Early indications suggest it has an atmosphere, and sits within the “GoldilocksZone” where it is neither too hot nor too cold for liquid water to exist. Andit is only 40 light years from Earth meaning that it could be possible to senda signal.

        “This is the most exciting exoplanet(外星球)I’ve seen in thepast decade,” said lead author Jason Dittmann of the Harvard-Smithsonian Centerfor Astrophysics. “We could hardly hope for a better target to perform one ofthe biggest quests in science—searching for evidence of life beyondEarth.”

        The planet was found by aninternational team of scientists. The new world named LHS 1140b, is ten timescloser to its parent star than the Earth. But because its parent star is farcooler than the Earth, the planet still sits in the habitable zone.

        For life as we know it to exist, aplanet must have liquid surface water and keep an atmosphere. In this case, theplanet’s large size and closeness to its sun means that a magma(岩浆)ocean could haveexisted on its surface for millions of years, which fed steam into theatmosphere, filling the planet with water.

        Astronomers estimate the age of theplanet to be at least five billion years, just a little older than Earth. Theyalso evaluated that it has a diameter(直径)1.4 times larger than the Earth. But theexoplanet is probably made of rock.

What makes the planet a “habitable zone”?

AIt is near the Earth.

BIt is near the sun.

CIt is neither too hot nor too cold.

DIt is neither too big nor too small.

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                                C

        Point a high-powered telescope at theconstellation Cetus(鲸鱼座)and it is just possible to make out a dim red dwarf(矮星)star shining in the tail. Although it might seem not be seen,circling around that star is a rocky planet that could hold the answer towhether we are alone in the universe.

        Scientists say the planet is a “Super-Earth”which is the best place to look for signs of life outside of the Solar System.Early indications suggest it has an atmosphere, and sits within the “GoldilocksZone” where it is neither too hot nor too cold for liquid water to exist. Andit is only 40 light years from Earth meaning that it could be possible to senda signal.

        “This is the most exciting exoplanet(外星球)I’ve seen in thepast decade,” said lead author Jason Dittmann of the Harvard-Smithsonian Centerfor Astrophysics. “We could hardly hope for a better target to perform one ofthe biggest quests in science—searching for evidence of life beyondEarth.”

        The planet was found by aninternational team of scientists. The new world named LHS 1140b, is ten timescloser to its parent star than the Earth. But because its parent star is farcooler than the Earth, the planet still sits in the habitable zone.

        For life as we know it to exist, aplanet must have liquid surface water and keep an atmosphere. In this case, theplanet’s large size and closeness to its sun means that a magma(岩浆)ocean could haveexisted on its surface for millions of years, which fed steam into theatmosphere, filling the planet with water.

        Astronomers estimate the age of theplanet to be at least five billion years, just a little older than Earth. Theyalso evaluated that it has a diameter(直径)1.4 times larger than the Earth. But theexoplanet is probably made of rock.

Why is the planet suitable for life in spite of being very near to its parent star?

AIt has more water.

BIts temperature is lower.

CIt is made of rock.

DIts parent star is cooler.

分值: 2分 查看题目解析 >
1

                                C

        Point a high-powered telescope at theconstellation Cetus(鲸鱼座)and it is just possible to make out a dim red dwarf(矮星)star shining in the tail. Although it might seem not be seen,circling around that star is a rocky planet that could hold the answer towhether we are alone in the universe.

        Scientists say the planet is a “Super-Earth”which is the best place to look for signs of life outside of the Solar System.Early indications suggest it has an atmosphere, and sits within the “GoldilocksZone” where it is neither too hot nor too cold for liquid water to exist. Andit is only 40 light years from Earth meaning that it could be possible to senda signal.

        “This is the most exciting exoplanet(外星球)I’ve seen in thepast decade,” said lead author Jason Dittmann of the Harvard-Smithsonian Centerfor Astrophysics. “We could hardly hope for a better target to perform one ofthe biggest quests in science—searching for evidence of life beyondEarth.”

        The planet was found by aninternational team of scientists. The new world named LHS 1140b, is ten timescloser to its parent star than the Earth. But because its parent star is farcooler than the Earth, the planet still sits in the habitable zone.

        For life as we know it to exist, aplanet must have liquid surface water and keep an atmosphere. In this case, theplanet’s large size and closeness to its sun means that a magma(岩浆)ocean could haveexisted on its surface for millions of years, which fed steam into theatmosphere, filling the planet with water.

        Astronomers estimate the age of theplanet to be at least five billion years, just a little older than Earth. Theyalso evaluated that it has a diameter(直径)1.4 times larger than the Earth. But theexoplanet is probably made of rock.

What is the best title of the passage?

AA Newly-discovered Sun

BA New Super Earth

CA Newly-found Rule

DThe Far-reaching discovery

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                                C

        Point a high-powered telescope at theconstellation Cetus(鲸鱼座)and it is just possible to make out a dim red dwarf(矮星)star shining in the tail. Although it might seem not be seen,circling around that star is a rocky planet that could hold the answer towhether we are alone in the universe.

        Scientists say the planet is a “Super-Earth”which is the best place to look for signs of life outside of the Solar System.Early indications suggest it has an atmosphere, and sits within the “GoldilocksZone” where it is neither too hot nor too cold for liquid water to exist. Andit is only 40 light years from Earth meaning that it could be possible to senda signal.

        “This is the most exciting exoplanet(外星球)I’ve seen in thepast decade,” said lead author Jason Dittmann of the Harvard-Smithsonian Centerfor Astrophysics. “We could hardly hope for a better target to perform one ofthe biggest quests in science—searching for evidence of life beyondEarth.”

        The planet was found by aninternational team of scientists. The new world named LHS 1140b, is ten timescloser to its parent star than the Earth. But because its parent star is farcooler than the Earth, the planet still sits in the habitable zone.

        For life as we know it to exist, aplanet must have liquid surface water and keep an atmosphere. In this case, theplanet’s large size and closeness to its sun means that a magma(岩浆)ocean could haveexisted on its surface for millions of years, which fed steam into theatmosphere, filling the planet with water.

        Astronomers estimate the age of theplanet to be at least five billion years, just a little older than Earth. Theyalso evaluated that it has a diameter(直径)1.4 times larger than the Earth. But theexoplanet is probably made of rock.

Which is closest in meaning to the underlined word in the third paragraph?

AExploration.

BInvention.

CImagination.

DAmbition.

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                                D

        A cab company in one of Japan’s majorcities is introducing silent taxi drivers. Miyako Taxi, which is based inKyoto, shows the new idea in March. The business is currently operating five“Silence Taxis” across the city.

        The cars look like an ordinary taxi,but a notice written on the back of the passenger seat will inform passengersthat they have entered one of the new silent taxis. Drivers will offer agreeting when their passenger enters the car, and aside from confirming theroute they will not engage in small talk. The drivers can talk only if they arespoken to first, and they are also allowed to communicate in emergency situations.

        Announcing the idea, Miyako Taxi said,“This service is currently in a trial stage, with the goal of creating anin-car atmosphere that provides the most comfortable ride for passengersthrough limiting the driver’s speaking.” According to Japan Today, theymade the move after hearing reports from passengers that they were fed up beingforced to chat with their drivers.

        The company will assess the popularityof the trial before deciding whether to expand it and roll it out across moreof their drivers.

        Language and speaking is at the heartof another issue facing Uber drivers, after they lost a High Court Battle toblock written tests in London. Drivers applying for a minicab license in thecapital will now have to pass the written exam following Uber’s failedchallenger against Transport for London (TFL). The company argued it could seeup to 33,000 existing drivers lost their licences under the new rules.

        The company’s London head, TomElvidge, determined to challenge the ruling, said, “We’ve always supportedspoken English skills, but writing an essay has nothing to do withcommunicating with passengers or getting them safely from A to B.”

According to the passage, the “Silence Taxis”      .

Ahas gained wide popularity in Japan

Bhas not operated yet

Clooks like an ordinary taxi

Dis not safe enough for passengers

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                                D

        A cab company in one of Japan’s majorcities is introducing silent taxi drivers. Miyako Taxi, which is based inKyoto, shows the new idea in March. The business is currently operating five“Silence Taxis” across the city.

        The cars look like an ordinary taxi,but a notice written on the back of the passenger seat will inform passengersthat they have entered one of the new silent taxis. Drivers will offer agreeting when their passenger enters the car, and aside from confirming theroute they will not engage in small talk. The drivers can talk only if they arespoken to first, and they are also allowed to communicate in emergency situations.

        Announcing the idea, Miyako Taxi said,“This service is currently in a trial stage, with the goal of creating anin-car atmosphere that provides the most comfortable ride for passengersthrough limiting the driver’s speaking.” According to Japan Today, theymade the move after hearing reports from passengers that they were fed up beingforced to chat with their drivers.

        The company will assess the popularityof the trial before deciding whether to expand it and roll it out across moreof their drivers.

        Language and speaking is at the heartof another issue facing Uber drivers, after they lost a High Court Battle toblock written tests in London. Drivers applying for a minicab license in thecapital will now have to pass the written exam following Uber’s failedchallenger against Transport for London (TFL). The company argued it could seeup to 33,000 existing drivers lost their licences under the new rules.

        The company’s London head, TomElvidge, determined to challenge the ruling, said, “We’ve always supportedspoken English skills, but writing an essay has nothing to do withcommunicating with passengers or getting them safely from A to B.”

When we are in the “Silence Taxis”,       .

Ano one can say anything during the driving

Bdrivers are allowed to speak in emergency situations

Cgreeting is not allowed as well

Dthe fare is free if we say nothing during the driving

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                                D

        A cab company in one of Japan’s majorcities is introducing silent taxi drivers. Miyako Taxi, which is based inKyoto, shows the new idea in March. The business is currently operating five“Silence Taxis” across the city.

        The cars look like an ordinary taxi,but a notice written on the back of the passenger seat will inform passengersthat they have entered one of the new silent taxis. Drivers will offer agreeting when their passenger enters the car, and aside from confirming theroute they will not engage in small talk. The drivers can talk only if they arespoken to first, and they are also allowed to communicate in emergency situations.

        Announcing the idea, Miyako Taxi said,“This service is currently in a trial stage, with the goal of creating anin-car atmosphere that provides the most comfortable ride for passengersthrough limiting the driver’s speaking.” According to Japan Today, theymade the move after hearing reports from passengers that they were fed up beingforced to chat with their drivers.

        The company will assess the popularityof the trial before deciding whether to expand it and roll it out across moreof their drivers.

        Language and speaking is at the heartof another issue facing Uber drivers, after they lost a High Court Battle toblock written tests in London. Drivers applying for a minicab license in thecapital will now have to pass the written exam following Uber’s failedchallenger against Transport for London (TFL). The company argued it could seeup to 33,000 existing drivers lost their licences under the new rules.

        The company’s London head, TomElvidge, determined to challenge the ruling, said, “We’ve always supportedspoken English skills, but writing an essay has nothing to do withcommunicating with passengers or getting them safely from A to B.”

What is the purpose of the “Silence Taxis” according to the passage?

ACreating a more comfortable atmosphere in the taxi for passengers.

BEnsuring a safer atmosphere in the taxi for passengers.

CAttracting more passengers to take taxis.

DChanging the impression of the taxi drivers in Japan.

分值: 2分 查看题目解析 >
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                                D

        A cab company in one of Japan’s majorcities is introducing silent taxi drivers. Miyako Taxi, which is based inKyoto, shows the new idea in March. The business is currently operating five“Silence Taxis” across the city.

        The cars look like an ordinary taxi,but a notice written on the back of the passenger seat will inform passengersthat they have entered one of the new silent taxis. Drivers will offer agreeting when their passenger enters the car, and aside from confirming theroute they will not engage in small talk. The drivers can talk only if they arespoken to first, and they are also allowed to communicate in emergency situations.

        Announcing the idea, Miyako Taxi said,“This service is currently in a trial stage, with the goal of creating anin-car atmosphere that provides the most comfortable ride for passengersthrough limiting the driver’s speaking.” According to Japan Today, theymade the move after hearing reports from passengers that they were fed up beingforced to chat with their drivers.

        The company will assess the popularityof the trial before deciding whether to expand it and roll it out across moreof their drivers.

        Language and speaking is at the heartof another issue facing Uber drivers, after they lost a High Court Battle toblock written tests in London. Drivers applying for a minicab license in thecapital will now have to pass the written exam following Uber’s failedchallenger against Transport for London (TFL). The company argued it could seeup to 33,000 existing drivers lost their licences under the new rules.

        The company’s London head, TomElvidge, determined to challenge the ruling, said, “We’ve always supportedspoken English skills, but writing an essay has nothing to do withcommunicating with passengers or getting them safely from A to B.”

What is the attitude of Tom Elvidge to the “Silence Taxis”?

AIndifferent.

BSupportive.

COptimistic.

DNegative.

分值: 2分 查看题目解析 >
填空题 本大题共5小题,每小题10分,共50分。把答案填写在题中横线上。
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第二节  (共5小题;每小题2分,满分10分)

    根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填人空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余选项。

    How do you write a short story? How iswriting a short story different from writing a novel? These are tough questionsto answer.  36  Still, if you want to write a short story,here are some steps to help you get started:

    1. Read Short Stories.

    Real writers read, and as Stephen Kingsaid, “If you don’t have time to read, you don’t have time to write.”  37  Even if you’ve read hundreds of stories,studying one or two closely will help improve your understanding of the shortstory form.

    2. Write Your Short Story.

    Some guides suggest focusing onwriting an attractive first paragraph first, but while that’s important, itputs a lot of pressure on you when you’re first getting started writing yourshort story. Just write. Just put pen to paper.  38  It’s not important. You just need to get yourshort story started.

    3. Rewrite and Edit.

    All good writing is rewriting. Afteryou write your first draft, you need to start cutting, rewrlting, and editingyour short story.  39  And it can feel like walking through a swamp(湿地)or climbingthrough a very tight cave. However, don’t give up now. You’re almost there.

    4. Submit!

    Before you submit your short story,make sure you’ve read it aloud several times to find any grammatical errors.Then, skim several literary magazines of the same type and read theirsubmission guidelines to know if your short story will be a good fit.

     40  Don’t overthink it. Just do it. It will behard to let go of your short story, but you can’t get it published if you don’tsubmit.

      A. Don’t worry aboutwhat comes out.

      B. Get some suggestionsfrom other writers.

      C. This is the hardestpart of writing a short story.

      D. There are as manytypes of short stories as novels.

      E. Finally, it’s time tosend your baby out into the world.

      F. If you want to be awriter, you should consider writing short stories.

      G. If you’ve never read a short story, you’regoing to have a difficult time writing one.

分值: 10分 查看题目解析 >
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第一节  完形填空 (共20小题;每题1. 5分,满分30分)

    阅读下面短文,从短文后所给各题的四个选项(A、B、C和D)中,选出可以填人空白处的最佳选项。

                        Cold Rain

    It had been raining for more than aweek, and so much rain made every day seem so restless. It was the third timethat Susan had come up to the hospital to see me that week. I said to her  41 , “You shouldn’t come to see me anymoreand we shouldn’t be together.” She just said, “I  42  you” and softly asked if we could find a placeto  43  because she came out without lunch. Again Ianswered with a  44  heart, “No! Open up your  45  and let me take you home.” I knew she did notopen up hers because she wanted to  46 mine.

     47 , she opened her umbrella and walkedbehind me to the  48 . Whilepassing by the park where we used to go, she  49  to go into the park just for a little while.With her begging, my cold heart  50 .She went to the big oak tree and looked for the love words we had  51  with a silver ink pen half a year ago. Thenshe came back slowly with  52  on her face, saying “Chris, I can’t find themanymore.” I felt so  53  inside. There was a stream of pain flowinginto my  54 , the kind of painI’ve never felt before. But all I could do was to  55  I didn’t care.

        A month before, I had been diagnosed(诊断)with cancer. Iwanted Susan to  56  the least pain possible. So I made up somestories and lied to her. I knew it was  57  but it was the fastest way to  58  out three years’ feelings. I stared in thedark window of the train leaving the station, at the first love in my life,also the last one,  59  my life. Tears kept falling down my face,mixed with the cold rain drops. I was cold inside. She  60 , and I haven’t got any more of herphone calls. I will leave with no regrets.

41.

    A. coldly

    B. gently

    C. patiently

    D. worriedly

42.

    A. hate

    B. miss

    C. believe

    D. admire

43.

    A. rest

    B. play

    C. eat

    D. sing

44.

    A. lovely

    B. bloody

    C. warm

    D. stony

45.

    A. mouth

    B. umbrella

    C. heart

    D. bag

46.

    A. share

    B. borrow

    C. catch

    D. throw

47.

    A. Delightedly

    B. Stubbornly

    C. Awkwardly

    D. Unwillingly

48.

    A. bus stop

    B. snack bar

    C. train station

    D. book office

49.

    A. begged

    B. forgot

    C. decided

    D. started

50.

    A. sank

    B. softened

    C. broke

    D. dropped

51.

    A. posted

    B. carved

    C. written

    D. inserted

52.

    A. tears

    B. anxiety

    C. a smile

    D. anger

53.

    A. easy

    B. pitiful

    C. happy

    D. sour

54.

    A. ear

    B. heart

    C. memory

    D. body

55.

    A. pretend

    B. state

    C. explain

    D. admit

56.

    A. search for

    B. cut down on

    C. go through

    D. get rid of

57.

    A. beneficial

    B. cruel

    C. unreal

    D. normal

58.

    A. wipe

    B. leave

    C. bring

    D. give

59.

    A. getting rid of

    B. stealing into

    C. walking out of 

    D. rushing into

60.

    A. remained

    B. stopped

    C. laughed

    D. left

分值: 30分 查看题目解析 >
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第二节 (共10小题;每小题1. 5分,满分15分)

    阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当的内容(1个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式。

    Water makes up a big majority of your body weight because every single cell, tissue and organ needs it 61 (function). It’s so important 62 you need to get a certain amount each day. Plain water should be 63 (you) primary source of fluid even though juice, soda, coffee and other drinks can count towards your water intake. However, these other drinks increase your 64 (consume) of sugar, calories and caffeine in the case of soda, coffee and tea. This can make you urinate(小便)more and wind up dehydrating(脱水) you as 65 result.

    Water recommendations are 66 (difference) for men and women. Men should aim for 3.7 liters, or about 125 ounces, which is a little more than 15.5 cups of water each day. It 67 (recommend) that women have 2.7 liters daily, which is roughly 91 ounces of water and a little less than 11.5 cups. If you are pregnant, this minimum requirement 68 (go) up to 3 liters, which is approximately 101 ounces or a bit 69 (much) than 12.5 cups. It increases again if you’re breast-feeding. In this case, bump up your daily fluid intake to 3.8 liters, which is equal 70 about 132 ounces.

分值: 15分 查看题目解析 >
1

第一节  短文改错 (共10小题;每小题1分,满分10分)

    假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改同桌写的以下作文。文中共有10处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧),并在其下面写出该加的词。删除:把多余的词用(\)划掉。修改:在错的词下画一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。

注意:1每处错误及其修改均仅限一词;

        2只允许修改10处,多者(从第11处起)不计分。

        I’m Li Hua, a high school student from China. I was here in Britain for my holiday. At around 8:30, in the morning of February 8th, I found out a lost suitcase near the exit of London Heathrow. I waited there for some time, so nobody came for it.

        I handed them in to the information center. It’s a black suitcase of rectangle shape, what is just as big as a school bag. When picking, the suitcase was half openly and there were some document and a camera in it.

=I hope owner could come back and get it soon!

分值: 10分 查看题目解析 >
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第二节 书面表达(满分25分)

    假定你是李华,美国交换生Joan给你发来邮件,询问有关中国私家车的情况。请根据以下要点,给她回一封邮件。

内容包括:

    1私家车数量增加,方便了生活;

    2交通事故增加及主要原因;

    3对改善交通状况提出建议。

注意:1词数100左右。

        2可以适当增加细节,以使行文连贯。

Dear Joan,

                                                                                                                            

                                                Yours,

                                                Li Hua

分值: 25分 查看题目解析 >
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