• 英语 2018年高三湖南省第三次模拟试题
单选题 本大题共15小题,每小题2分,共30分。在每小题给出的4个选项中,有且只有一项是符合题目要求。
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第一节(共15小题; 每小题2分,满分30分)

    阅读下列短文,从每题所给的A、B、C 和D四个选项中,选出最佳选项。

                                A

        Below are several programs designed for students.

        ARCC Gap

        ARCC Gap has been offering programs for young adults since 1983. ARCC GapSemester programs are an opportunity to live and learn in some of the greatest classroomson earth. Our Semester programs take students on a journey of discovery of localpeoples, places, cultures and ideas.

        Program Locations: International—Africa, Asia, Latin America, and India

        Phone: 415-332-5075

        Email: gap@adventurescrosscoutry. com

        Thinking Beyond Borders

        Thinking Beyond Borders’ gap year programs are specifically designed for studentswho like learning and are eager to create meaningful social change in the world.We combine working with inspiring local leaders, and engage readings and discussionsto create an exciting, supportive, and transformational learning environment TBB’s full-year and semesteroptions include a 7-country Global Gap Year.

        Program Location(s): International—Global, South America, Asia

        Phone: 203-993-0236

        Camps International

        Our inspirational AGA programs give you the chance to live with thecommunities you will be supporting and work with locals on service projectsthat make a significant and lasting difference to people’s lives. You can alsocontribute to protecting the environment and endangered wildlife.

        Program Locations: Kenya, Borneo, Cambodia, Ecuador, Peru and our newest locationsCosta Rica, Nicaragua

        Phone; 44 1425 485 390

        Email: rcig@campsinternational. co. uk

        Raleigh International

        For more than 30 years Raleigh International has been running life-changingExpeditions to some of the most remote places on the planet.

        A Raleigh Expedition is overseas volunteering. Our 5, 7 or 10-weekExpeditions provide exposure to different people, new cultures, situations, andenvironments. This is your chance to create a real change in the communitiesthat need it most, and to develop a range of skills for yourself.

        Program Locations: Africa, Asia and India

        Phone: 00 44 (0)207 183 1270

What do ARCC Gap and Thinking Beyond Borders have in common?

AThey are to bring about social changes.

BThey are designed to train young leaders.

CThey have a history of about three decades.

DThe participants will travel to different continents.

分值: 2分 查看题目解析 >
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                                A

        Below are several programs designed for students. 

        ARCC Gap

        ARCC Gap has been offering programs for young adults since 1983. ARCC GapSemester programs are an opportunity to live and learn in some of the greatest classroomson earth. Our Semester programs take students on a journey of discovery of localpeoples, places, cultures and ideas.

        Program Locations: International—Africa, Asia, Latin America, and India

        Phone: 415-332-5075

        Email: gap@adventurescrosscoutry. com

        Thinking Beyond Borders

        Thinking Beyond Borders’ gap year programs are specifically designed for studentswho like learning and are eager to create meaningful social change in the world.We combine working with inspiring local leaders, and engage readings and discussionsto create an exciting, supportive, and transformational learning environment TBB’s full-year and semesteroptions include a 7-country Global Gap Year.

        Program Location(s): International—Global, South America, Asia

        Phone: 203-993-0236

        Camps International

        Our inspirational AGA programs give you the chance to live with thecommunities you will be supporting and work with locals on service projectsthat make a significant and lasting difference to people’s lives. You can alsocontribute to protecting the environment and endangered wildlife.

        Program Locations: Kenya, Borneo, Cambodia, Ecuador, Peru and our newest locationsCosta Rica, Nicaragua

        Phone; 44 1425 485 390

        Email: rcig@campsinternational. co. uk

        Raleigh International

        For more than 30 years Raleigh International has been running life-changingExpeditions to some of the most remote places on the planet.

        A Raleigh Expedition is overseas volunteering. Our 5, 7 or 10-weekExpeditions provide exposure to different people, new cultures, situations, andenvironments. This is your chance to create a real change in the communitiesthat need it most, and to develop a range of skills for yourself.

        Program Locations: Africa, Asia and India

        Phone: 00 44 (0)207 183 1270

What is the advantage of taking part in Camps International?

AGaining the chance to get support.

BKnowing more about national affairs.

CDeveloping the awareness of serving others.

DHaving a good command of a foreign language.

分值: 2分 查看题目解析 >
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                                A

        Below are several programs designed for students. 

        ARCC Gap

        ARCC Gap has been offering programs for young adults since 1983. ARCC GapSemester programs are an opportunity to live and learn in some of the greatest classroomson earth. Our Semester programs take students on a journey of discovery of localpeoples, places, cultures and ideas.

        Program Locations: International—Africa, Asia, Latin America, and India

        Phone: 415-332-5075

        Email: gap@adventurescrosscoutry. com

        Thinking Beyond Borders

        Thinking Beyond Borders’ gap year programs are specifically designed for studentswho like learning and are eager to create meaningful social change in the world.We combine working with inspiring local leaders, and engage readings and discussionsto create an exciting, supportive, and transformational learning environment TBB’s full-year and semesteroptions include a 7-country Global Gap Year.

        Program Location(s): International—Global, South America, Asia

        Phone: 203-993-0236

        Camps International

        Our inspirational AGA programs give you the chance to live with thecommunities you will be supporting and work with locals on service projectsthat make a significant and lasting difference to people’s lives. You can alsocontribute to protecting the environment and endangered wildlife.

        Program Locations: Kenya, Borneo, Cambodia, Ecuador, Peru and our newest locationsCosta Rica, Nicaragua

        Phone; 44 1425 485 390

        Email: rcig@campsinternational. co. uk

        Raleigh International

        For more than 30 years Raleigh International has been running life-changingExpeditions to some of the most remote places on the planet.

        A Raleigh Expedition is overseas volunteering. Our 5, 7 or 10-weekExpeditions provide exposure to different people, new cultures, situations, andenvironments. This is your chance to create a real change in the communitiesthat need it most, and to develop a range of skills for yourself.

        Program Locations: Africa, Asia and India

        Phone: 00 44 (0)207 183 1270

How can we get in touch with Raleigh International?

ABy fax.

BBy phone.

CBy email.

DIn person.

分值: 2分 查看题目解析 >
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                                B

        Sometimes we experience pain that seems just too big to feel, toofrightening to face—itlooks like a tsunami. So, we run. My tsunami came when I was nine years old.

        I was woken up by my mother’s screams—“Bob? Bob?! BOB!” I ran to my parents’ bedroom. My father was on all fours,unconscious. My mother was crazy—desperately trying to figure out how to stop what was happening. I ran tothe phone—9-1-1, theneighbors, anyone— “help us!” Soonrescue came, but my father didn’t comeback to life.

        When my friends came to comfort me, I remember “pulling myself together” asI walked toward them, determining to show them that I was fine.

        The more I denied my pain, the more I was praised by the adults around me- “Oh,look how strong she is!” So, I kept saying “I’m fine.” Over and over and over. Isaid it enough performed it enough—that I even fooled myself. I believed that I was okay.

        But pain doesn’t just “go away”—that whole “time heals” thing is a total crock. 30 years after myfather died, when I looked around for an explanation for all the years ofdestructive behavior, I couldn’t find the root of the pain in my life because Ihad covered it up so well. All the “I’m fine”—- 30 years of them- buried the pain of that nine years old girl.

        Her pain had been trying to come out, to be heard, to be healed.

        And, finally, it was.

        After years of treatment, I found my way back to that night where the painstarted, back to the tsunami. This time, I didn’t run. It hurt—it still hurts—but now, when it hurts, I let the pain come. I’m not scared to say, “I’mnot fine”—becauseI know, eventually, I will be.

What did the author do when her father was in danger?

AShe ran out to look for rescue.

BShe kept calm and asked for help.

CShe offered first aid to him at once.

DShe was too afraid to do anything.

分值: 2分 查看题目解析 >
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                                B

        Sometimes we experience pain that seems just too big to feel, toofrightening to face—itlooks like a tsunami. So, we run. My tsunami came when I was nine years old.

        I was woken up by my mother’s screams—“Bob? Bob?! BOB!” I ran to my parents’ bedroom. My father was on all fours,unconscious. My mother was crazy—desperately trying to figure out how to stop what was happening. I ran tothe phone—9-1-1, theneighbors, anyone— “help us!” Soonrescue came, but my father didn’t comeback to life.

        When my friends came to comfort me, I remember “pulling myself together” asI walked toward them, determining to show them that I was fine.

        The more I denied my pain, the more I was praised by the adults around me- “Oh,look how strong she is!” So, I kept saying “I’m fine.” Over and over and over. Isaid it enough performed it enough—that I even fooled myself. I believed that I was okay.

        But pain doesn’t just “go away”—that whole “time heals” thing is a total crock. 30 years after myfather died, when I looked around for an explanation for all the years ofdestructive behavior, I couldn’t find the root of the pain in my life because Ihad covered it up so well. All the “I’m fine”—- 30 years of them- buried the pain of that nine years old girl.

        Her pain had been trying to come out, to be heard, to be healed.

        And, finally, it was.

        After years of treatment, I found my way back to that night where the painstarted, back to the tsunami. This time, I didn’t run. It hurt—it still hurts—but now, when it hurts, I let the pain come. I’m not scared to say, “I’mnot fine”—becauseI know, eventually, I will be.

Which of the following can best replace the underlined word “crock” in Paragraph 5?

Afact

Btheory

Cexperiment

Dlie

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                                B

        Sometimes we experience pain that seems just too big to feel, toofrightening to face—itlooks like a tsunami. So, we run. My tsunami came when I was nine years old.

        I was woken up by my mother’s screams—“Bob? Bob?! BOB!” I ran to my parents’ bedroom. My father was on all fours,unconscious. My mother was crazy—desperately trying to figure out how to stop what was happening. I ran tothe phone—9-1-1, theneighbors, anyone— “help us!” Soonrescue came, but my father didn’t comeback to life.

        When my friends came to comfort me, I remember “pulling myself together” asI walked toward them, determining to show them that I was fine.

        The more I denied my pain, the more I was praised by the adults around me- “Oh,look how strong she is!” So, I kept saying “I’m fine.” Over and over and over. Isaid it enough performed it enough—that I even fooled myself. I believed that I was okay.

        But pain doesn’t just “go away”—that whole “time heals” thing is a total crock. 30 years after myfather died, when I looked around for an explanation for all the years ofdestructive behavior, I couldn’t find the root of the pain in my life because Ihad covered it up so well. All the “I’m fine”—- 30 years of them- buried the pain of that nine years old girl.

        Her pain had been trying to come out, to be heard, to be healed.

        And, finally, it was.

        After years of treatment, I found my way back to that night where the painstarted, back to the tsunami. This time, I didn’t run. It hurt—it still hurts—but now, when it hurts, I let the pain come. I’m not scared to say, “I’mnot fine”—becauseI know, eventually, I will be.

Why was the author praised?

AShe behaved politely.

BShe seemed to be confident.

CShe could look after herself.

DShe could handle the blow properly.

分值: 2分 查看题目解析 >
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                                B

        Sometimes we experience pain that seems just too big to feel, toofrightening to face—itlooks like a tsunami. So, we run. My tsunami came when I was nine years old.

        I was woken up by my mother’s screams—“Bob? Bob?! BOB!” I ran to my parents’ bedroom. My father was on all fours,unconscious. My mother was crazy—desperately trying to figure out how to stop what was happening. I ran tothe phone—9-1-1, theneighbors, anyone— “help us!” Soonrescue came, but my father didn’t comeback to life.

        When my friends came to comfort me, I remember “pulling myself together” asI walked toward them, determining to show them that I was fine.

        The more I denied my pain, the more I was praised by the adults around me- “Oh,look how strong she is!” So, I kept saying “I’m fine.” Over and over and over. Isaid it enough performed it enough—that I even fooled myself. I believed that I was okay.

        But pain doesn’t just “go away”—that whole “time heals” thing is a total crock. 30 years after myfather died, when I looked around for an explanation for all the years ofdestructive behavior, I couldn’t find the root of the pain in my life because Ihad covered it up so well. All the “I’m fine”—- 30 years of them- buried the pain of that nine years old girl.

        Her pain had been trying to come out, to be heard, to be healed.

        And, finally, it was.

        After years of treatment, I found my way back to that night where the painstarted, back to the tsunami. This time, I didn’t run. It hurt—it still hurts—but now, when it hurts, I let the pain come. I’m not scared to say, “I’mnot fine”—becauseI know, eventually, I will be.

What lesson can we get from the author’s experience?

AHiding our pain can be harmful.

BExpressing pain is not very easy.

CBeing strong means hiding one’s pain.

DChildren are good at covering up their pain.

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                                C

        “Auld Lang Syne”is a song that everyone drunkenly sings, which marksthe start to a brand new year. No one ever seems to know the words (somethingabout forgetting old acquaintances?) or what they mean (why would we want toforget people?), but, in America, it’s as much a part of New Years’ traditionas wine. But why?

        The lyrics(歌词) tothe song come from a poem written by the great Scottish poet Robert Burns in1788. Its title is believed to be an old Scottish way of saying “a longtime ago.”Phrases like “In the days of auld lang syne” also appear in other Scottish fairytalesand poems, usually as a way of saying “Once Upon a Time.”

        While it still causes confusion, it is believed that the opening lines ofthe song are meant to be rhetorical( 夸张的);“Should auld acquaintance be forgotten, and never brought to mind?Shouldauld acquaintance be forgotten, and auld lang syne?” therefore means we shouldhave a drink in honor of whatever is passing, and remember old friends.

        When the Scots immigrated toAmerica in the 19th century, they brought the song with them. Butits great popularity can be largely due to the Canadian bandleader Guy Lombardo.

        In 1965, he explained how he himself came to associate the song with theend of the year to Life Magazine:

        “Auld Lang Syne is our theme song—and was long before anyone ever heard us on the radio. In our particularpart of western Ontario, where there’s a large Scottish population, it wastraditional for bands to end every dance with Auld Lang Syne. We didn’t thinkit was known here.

        If you want to see the singer in action, check out his final performance onthe eve of 1977, after performing for 48 years in a row.

How might people feel when first hearing the song Auld Lang Syne?

AConfused.

BMoved.

CEnergetic.

DComfortable.

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                                C

        “Auld Lang Syne”is a song that everyone drunkenly sings, which marksthe start to a brand new year. No one ever seems to know the words (somethingabout forgetting old acquaintances?) or what they mean (why would we want toforget people?), but, in America, it’s as much a part of New Years’ traditionas wine. But why?

        The lyrics(歌词) tothe song come from a poem written by the great Scottish poet Robert Burns in1788. Its title is believed to be an old Scottish way of saying “a longtime ago.”Phrases like “In the days of auld lang syne” also appear in other Scottish fairytalesand poems, usually as a way of saying “Once Upon a Time.”

        While it still causes confusion, it is believed that the opening lines ofthe song are meant to be rhetorical( 夸张的);“Should auld acquaintance be forgotten, and never brought to mind?Shouldauld acquaintance be forgotten, and auld lang syne?” therefore means we shouldhave a drink in honor of whatever is passing, and remember old friends.

        When the Scots immigrated toAmerica in the 19th century, they brought the song with them. Butits great popularity can be largely due to the Canadian bandleader Guy Lombardo.

        In 1965, he explained how he himself came to associate the song with theend of the year to Life Magazine:

        “Auld Lang Syne is our theme song—and was long before anyone ever heard us on the radio. In our particularpart of western Ontario, where there’s a large Scottish population, it wastraditional for bands to end every dance with Auld Lang Syne. We didn’t thinkit was known here.

        If you want to see the singer in action, check out his final performance onthe eve of 1977, after performing for 48 years in a row.

Why do people sing Auld Lang Syne when New Year is coming?

ATo hope for good luck.

BTo celebrate the New Year.

CIn honor of Robert Burns.

DIn memory of the past.

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                                C

        “Auld Lang Syne”is a song that everyone drunkenly sings, which marksthe start to a brand new year. No one ever seems to know the words (somethingabout forgetting old acquaintances?) or what they mean (why would we want toforget people?), but, in America, it’s as much a part of New Years’ traditionas wine. But why?

        The lyrics(歌词) tothe song come from a poem written by the great Scottish poet Robert Burns in1788. Its title is believed to be an old Scottish way of saying “a longtime ago.”Phrases like “In the days of auld lang syne” also appear in other Scottish fairytalesand poems, usually as a way of saying “Once Upon a Time.”

        While it still causes confusion, it is believed that the opening lines ofthe song are meant to be rhetorical( 夸张的);“Should auld acquaintance be forgotten, and never brought to mind?Shouldauld acquaintance be forgotten, and auld lang syne?” therefore means we shouldhave a drink in honor of whatever is passing, and remember old friends.

        When the Scots immigrated toAmerica in the 19th century, they brought the song with them. Butits great popularity can be largely due to the Canadian bandleader Guy Lombardo.

        In 1965, he explained how he himself came to associate the song with theend of the year to Life Magazine:

        “Auld Lang Syne is our theme song—and was long before anyone ever heard us on the radio. In our particularpart of western Ontario, where there’s a large Scottish population, it wastraditional for bands to end every dance with Auld Lang Syne. We didn’t thinkit was known here.

        If you want to see the singer in action, check out his final performance onthe eve of 1977, after performing for 48 years in a row.

Why is Guy Lombardo mentioned in the text?

AHe created the song Auld Lang Syne.

BHe made the song Auld Lang Syne more popular.

CHe brought the song Auld Lang Syne to America.

DHe was the first to sing the song Auld Lang Syne.

分值: 2分 查看题目解析 >
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                                C

        “Auld Lang Syne”is a song that everyone drunkenly sings, which marksthe start to a brand new year. No one ever seems to know the words (somethingabout forgetting old acquaintances?) or what they mean (why would we want toforget people?), but, in America, it’s as much a part of New Years’ traditionas wine. But why?

        The lyrics(歌词) tothe song come from a poem written by the great Scottish poet Robert Burns in1788. Its title is believed to be an old Scottish way of saying “a longtime ago.”Phrases like “In the days of auld lang syne” also appear in other Scottish fairytalesand poems, usually as a way of saying “Once Upon a Time.”

        While it still causes confusion, it is believed that the opening lines ofthe song are meant to be rhetorical( 夸张的);“Should auld acquaintance be forgotten, and never brought to mind?Shouldauld acquaintance be forgotten, and auld lang syne?” therefore means we shouldhave a drink in honor of whatever is passing, and remember old friends.

        When the Scots immigrated toAmerica in the 19th century, they brought the song with them. Butits great popularity can be largely due to the Canadian bandleader Guy Lombardo.

        In 1965, he explained how he himself came to associate the song with theend of the year to Life Magazine:

        “Auld Lang Syne is our theme song—and was long before anyone ever heard us on the radio. In our particularpart of western Ontario, where there’s a large Scottish population, it wastraditional for bands to end every dance with Auld Lang Syne. We didn’t thinkit was known here.

        If you want to see the singer in action, check out his final performance onthe eve of 1977, after performing for 48 years in a row.

What might be the best title for the text?

AWhat does Auld Lang Syne Mean?

BWho Makes Auld Lang Syne Popular?

CHow does Auld Lang Syne Come into Being?

DWhy do People Sing Auld Lang Syne on New Year Eve?

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                                D

        A dragonfly barely an inch and a half long appears to be animal world’smost productive long distance traveler- flying thousands of miles over oceansas it migrates from continent to continent- according to a newly publishedresearch.

        Biologists who led the study say the evidence is in the genes. They foundthat populations of this dragonfly, called Pantala flavescens, in Texas, easternCanada, Japan, Korea, India, and South America, have genes so similar thatthere is only one likely explanation. Apparently- somehow- these insects aretraveling distances that are extraordinarily long for their small size, breeding(繁殖)with each other, and creating a common worldwidegene pool.

        But how do insects from different continents manage to meet and hook up?Ware says it appears to be the way their bodies have evolved. “Thesedragonflies have adaptations such as increased surface areas on their wingsthat enable them to use the wind to carry them.”

        Dragonflies, in fact, have already been observed crossing the Indian Oceanfrom Asia to Africa. “They are following the weather,” says Daniel Troast, whoanalyzed the DNA samples in Ware’s lab. “They’re going from India where it’sdry season to Africa where it’s wet season, and apparently they do it once ayear.”

        Wetness is a must for Pantala to reproduce, and that, says Ware, is whythese insects would be driven to even attempt such a dangerous trip, which shecalls a “kind of suicide.” The species depends on it. While many willdie on the route, as long as enough make it, the species survives.

        For the moment, the details of this extraordinary insect travel are aneducated best guess. Much more work is needed to bring many loose ends together.Ware and Troast hope that scientists can work on plotting those routes.

What proves Pantala flavescens are the world’s longest-distance flyers?

AScientists have tracked the dragonfly across the world.

BThere are many Pantala flavescens in various continents.

CThe same dragonfly was found both in Asia and America.

DPantala flavescens in different continents have similar genes.

分值: 2分 查看题目解析 >
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                                D

        A dragonfly barely an inch and a half long appears to be animal world’smost productive long distance traveler- flying thousands of miles over oceansas it migrates from continent to continent- according to a newly publishedresearch.

        Biologists who led the study say the evidence is in the genes. They foundthat populations of this dragonfly, called Pantala flavescens, in Texas, easternCanada, Japan, Korea, India, and South America, have genes so similar thatthere is only one likely explanation. Apparently- somehow- these insects aretraveling distances that are extraordinarily long for their small size, breeding(繁殖)with each other, and creating a common worldwidegene pool.

        But how do insects from different continents manage to meet and hook up?Ware says it appears to be the way their bodies have evolved. “Thesedragonflies have adaptations such as increased surface areas on their wingsthat enable them to use the wind to carry them.”

        Dragonflies, in fact, have already been observed crossing the Indian Oceanfrom Asia to Africa. “They are following the weather,” says Daniel Troast, whoanalyzed the DNA samples in Ware’s lab. “They’re going from India where it’sdry season to Africa where it’s wet season, and apparently they do it once ayear.”

        Wetness is a must for Pantala to reproduce, and that, says Ware, is whythese insects would be driven to even attempt such a dangerous trip, which shecalls a “kind of suicide.” The species depends on it. While many willdie on the route, as long as enough make it, the species survives.

        For the moment, the details of this extraordinary insect travel are aneducated best guess. Much more work is needed to bring many loose ends together.Ware and Troast hope that scientists can work on plotting those routes.

What helps Pantala flavescens fly over so long distance?

ATheir special body shape.

BTheir ability to use wind.

CTheir small and light body.

DTheir large and strong wings.

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                                D

        A dragonfly barely an inch and a half long appears to be animal world’smost productive long distance traveler- flying thousands of miles over oceansas it migrates from continent to continent- according to a newly publishedresearch.

        Biologists who led the study say the evidence is in the genes. They foundthat populations of this dragonfly, called Pantala flavescens, in Texas, easternCanada, Japan, Korea, India, and South America, have genes so similar thatthere is only one likely explanation. Apparently- somehow- these insects aretraveling distances that are extraordinarily long for their small size, breeding(繁殖)with each other, and creating a common worldwidegene pool.

        But how do insects from different continents manage to meet and hook up?Ware says it appears to be the way their bodies have evolved. “Thesedragonflies have adaptations such as increased surface areas on their wingsthat enable them to use the wind to carry them.”

        Dragonflies, in fact, have already been observed crossing the Indian Oceanfrom Asia to Africa. “They are following the weather,” says Daniel Troast, whoanalyzed the DNA samples in Ware’s lab. “They’re going from India where it’sdry season to Africa where it’s wet season, and apparently they do it once ayear.”

        Wetness is a must for Pantala to reproduce, and that, says Ware, is whythese insects would be driven to even attempt such a dangerous trip, which shecalls a “kind of suicide.” The species depends on it. While many willdie on the route, as long as enough make it, the species survives.

        For the moment, the details of this extraordinary insect travel are aneducated best guess. Much more work is needed to bring many loose ends together.Ware and Troast hope that scientists can work on plotting those routes.

What is necessary for Pantala flavescens to reproduce?

ADamp weather.

BEnough sunshine.

CDry environment.

DWarm nests.

分值: 2分 查看题目解析 >
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                                D

        A dragonfly barely an inch and a half long appears to be animal world’smost productive long distance traveler- flying thousands of miles over oceansas it migrates from continent to continent- according to a newly publishedresearch.

        Biologists who led the study say the evidence is in the genes. They foundthat populations of this dragonfly, called Pantala flavescens, in Texas, easternCanada, Japan, Korea, India, and South America, have genes so similar thatthere is only one likely explanation. Apparently- somehow- these insects aretraveling distances that are extraordinarily long for their small size, breeding(繁殖)with each other, and creating a common worldwidegene pool.

        But how do insects from different continents manage to meet and hook up?Ware says it appears to be the way their bodies have evolved. “Thesedragonflies have adaptations such as increased surface areas on their wingsthat enable them to use the wind to carry them.”

        Dragonflies, in fact, have already been observed crossing the Indian Oceanfrom Asia to Africa. “They are following the weather,” says Daniel Troast, whoanalyzed the DNA samples in Ware’s lab. “They’re going from India where it’sdry season to Africa where it’s wet season, and apparently they do it once ayear.”

        Wetness is a must for Pantala to reproduce, and that, says Ware, is whythese insects would be driven to even attempt such a dangerous trip, which shecalls a “kind of suicide.” The species depends on it. While many willdie on the route, as long as enough make it, the species survives.

        For the moment, the details of this extraordinary insect travel are aneducated best guess. Much more work is needed to bring many loose ends together.Ware and Troast hope that scientists can work on plotting those routes.

What does the underlined word “it” in Paragraph 5 refer to?

AThe weather.

BThe insect.

CThe wind.

DThe trip.

分值: 2分 查看题目解析 >
填空题 本大题共5小题,每小题10分,共50分。把答案填写在题中横线上。
1

第二节(共5 小题; 每小题2 分,满分10 分)

    根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余选项。

            How to Store Strawberries

        You’ve scored some beautiful strawberries and brought them home with great care. You’ve washed a few and eaten them immediately, but what to do with the rest? 36These simple tips for storing strawberries guarantee the least waste:

        First things first, don’t wash the strawberries until you’re ready to eat them. Strawberries are ready to absorb water. 37

        If you plan on eating or cooking with the berries within a day and it’s not too terribly hot in your kitchen, you can leave the strawberries out at room temperature. Put them in a pretty bowl within easy eyesight so people remember to eat them.

        38 Take a shallow bowl or plate with a clean kitchen towel. Place the unwashed strawberries in more or less a single layer and refrigerate them. Stored this way, very fresh strawberries will keep for several days. The closer you can create this dry and un-pressed situation, the better. 39

        If you’re not planning on using the strawberries within a few days, you’d better freeze them rather than keep them all fresh. Frozen strawberries are perfect for baking up in cakes, and other treats, 40 They say frozen strawberries hold their shape better. Besides, whenever you have strawberries about to be not at their best, you can also place them in the freezer. By the end of strawberry season, you’ll likely have enough of them to make jam.

    A. There are different answers tothis question.

    B. They say frozen ones are to bemore easily stored.

    C. Actually, many bakers preferfrozen berries to fresh ones.

    D. Again, don’t wash them untilyou’re going to use them!

    E. And once they’ve met withwater, they are quick to rot away.

    F. For overnight storage, however,you’d better refrigerate them.

    G Strawberries can go badeasily, especially when not stored correctly. 

分值: 10分 查看题目解析 >
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第一节完形填空(共20 小题,每小题1. 5 分,满分30 分)

    阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的A、B、C 和D 四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。

        I am a volunteer in the Friendly Visiting Program. I visit a(n) 41 who does not seem.42 because her son and grandchildren live upstairs with her. 43 she has a special disease and 44 this condition she cannot 45 the house alone. For whatever reasons, her family is too nervous or 46 to take her out of the house with her oxygen tank. I will admit at first I was 47 too! But she is a fiercely independent lady and can 48 it with ease.

        Since her loneliness comes from staying 49 so long, we meet about every other week. We go to IHOP and I get to 50 her amazing stories such as when she first moved to Boston from Ireland, 51 she first met her husband and about her large family. She often 52 at the end of our meetings, saying I had no 53 to cut in. I am a chatty person but with her all I want to do is 54 Often, her family members have heard these 55 and may take them for granted, but for me they are 56 and interesting. We often stay at IHOP for 2 hours 57 the free flowing coffee

        It is nice to know that when I drop her back off at home she is not -58 lonely. But I also see the real 59 our meetings make. There have been times when, because of her. 60 issues, we have not seen one another for a month or two and we miss each other terribly. I feel very lucky to have a friend like her.

41. 

    A. teacher         

    B. gentleman                       

    C. doctor          

    D. elder

42. 

    A. friendly         

    B. happy                             

    C. lonely            

    D. kind

43. 

    A. Therefore     

    B. However                         

    C. Otherwise    

    D. Instead

44. 

    A. due to          

    B. instead of                        

    C. beyond        

    D. out of

45. 

    A. occupy         

    B. repair                              

    C. leave            

    D. decorate

46. 

    A. eager           

    B. glad                                

    C. shocked       

    D. inconvenient

47. 

    A. painful         

    B. nervous                           

    C. carefully       

    D. voluntary

48. 

    A. finish            

    B. handle                             

    C. face              

    D. cure

49. 

    A. indoors         

    B. silent                              

    C. upstairs         

    D. healthy

50. 

    A. tell                 

    B. write                               

    C. hear               

    D. record

51. 

    A. why                 

    B. that                                 

    C. which              

    D. how

52. 

    A. apologizes      

    B. complains                        

    C. cries                

    D. responds

53. 

    A. place              

    B. desire                              

    C. chance           

    D. doubt

54. 

    A. laugh             

    B. listen                              

    C. sit                   

    D. speak

55. 

    A. stories             

    B. songs                              

    C. suggestions     

    D. poems

56. 

    A. familiar            

    B. new                                

    C. similar             

    D. necessary

57. 

    A. giving away    

    B. looking forward to           

    C. focusing on    

    D. taking advantage

58. 

    A. completely        

    B. possibly                          

    C. regularly           

    D. truly

59. 

    A. trouble             

    B. progress                          

    C. difference         

    D. adjustment

60. 

    A. marriage           

    B. family

    C. address             

    D. health

分值: 30分 查看题目解析 >
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第二节(共10小题; 每小题1. 5 分,满分15 分)

    阅读下面材料,在空白处填入1个适当的单词或括号内单词的正确形式。

        With seasonal temperatures breaking records almost every year, tree species. 61(expect) to adapt to the changes by slowly shifting their population centers northward. But 62 recent survey shows the trend toward westward movement is even 63(strong) than expected- -in some cases, species have shifted their ranges to west by as much as 73 percent.

        The survey shows that roughly three-quarters of the 86 tree species 64(survey) have shifted their population centers westward 65 1980.

        Obviously, trees aren’t uprooting 66(them) and moving elsewhere. The survey provides insight into general population trends as young trees continue to take root in westward land, while some of the older 67(plant)of the species in the eastern areas are slowly dying out. In this way, the center of a species’ range can gradually shift ove time.

        Though scientists aren’t sure 68 is causing this change, the publishers of the study think that it’s connected to rainfall. Rainfall totals across the United States have changed, 69 (cause)areas such as the Southeast to experience significantly less rain annually, while the Great Plains is getting far more than its historical average. For this reason, most trees are moving toward the 70( increasing) watery plains.

分值: 15分 查看题目解析 >
1

第一节: 短文改错(共10小题; 每小题1分,满分10分)

    假如英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌的以下作文,文中共有10 处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加,删除或修改。
   增加: 在缺词处加一个漏字符号(/\),并在其下面写出该加的词。
   删除: 把多余的词用斜线(\) 划掉。
   修改: 在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。
   注意: 1每处错误及其修改均仅限一词:

    2只允许修改10处,多者(从第11处起) 不计分。

Dear Peter,

        I am more than happy to know you got a first prize in the speech contest. I’m writing to offer my sincere congratulations to you.

        It is known to all, success lie in hard work. I think you must have been practiced a lot. And at the same time you must have gained more valuable skills. Could you please help me but tell me what I should pay attention when I speak in public? You know, when made a speech, I always get nervously. I would appreciate it if you can give me some advices.

        Please write to me as soon as you can.

                                                    Yours,

                                                    Li Hua

分值: 10分 查看题目解析 >
1

第二节 书面表达 (满分25 分)

    假定你是李华,曾在英国一所学校做过交换生。在端午节即将来临之际,请你给当时的同学Peter写封信。内]容如下:

    1感谢他的帮助;

    2邀请他来中国过端午节;

    3表达自己的愿望。

注意:

    1词数100左右;

    2可以适当增加细节,以使于文连贯。

Dear Peter,

                                                                                                                    .

                                                    Yours,

                                                    Li Hua

分值: 25分 查看题目解析 >
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