• 2015年高考权威预测卷 英语 (北京卷)
单选题 本大题共15小题,每小题1分,共15分。在每小题给出的4个选项中,有且只有一项是符合题目要求。
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1.No matter how tough a reform is, it will succeed if we have the determination to ___the barriers of interests.

Acut down

Bbreak through

Ctear up

Dknock off

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10.John thinks it won't be long _____ he is ready for his new job.

Awhen

Bafter

Cbefore

Dsince

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9 .________________ ,I can’t express myself in words.

ASo long as I am fond of her

BUnless I am fond of her

CMuch as I am fond of her

DAs I am fond of her very much

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8.Dance is_____ universal language and it has the power to break down __ difficulty of language and culture.

Aa; the

Ban; the

Ca; a

Dan ; a

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7.I can't stand around chatting —I've got _______ things to do this morning.

Aa million

Bmillion

Ca million of

Dmillions

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6.An early typewriter produced letters quickly and neatly; the typist, ________, couldn't see his work on his machine.

Ahowever

Btherefore

Cyet

Dalthough

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5.With some books badly needed _____, she hurried to the bookstore.

Abuying

Bbought

Cto buy

Dbuy

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4.—I have done well in the exam because of no careless mistakes.

—Congratulations! Students can never be _______ careful in exams.

Aso

Bvery

Ctoo

Denough

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3.---How do you find the movie Lucy? ?

---- Top notch! Never have I seen _____ before。

Aa better one

Ba worse one

Cthe best one

Dthe worst one

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2.— I promise Shirley ____get a new iPod on her birthday.

— Will it be a big surprise to her?

Ashould

Bmust

Cwould

Dshall

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15.Cultural shock is a feeling __ most travelers experience in a foreign country __ they find the culture is quite different from that of their own.

Athat; which

Bwhich; that

Cwhich; where

Dwhen; where

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14.Mr. Black, as well as the professor who________ from Beijing University, ________ to attend our school meeting.

Acome; is

Bcomes; are

Ccomes; is

Dcome; are

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13.Not until __ school __ how much their teachers loved them.

Athey left; did they realize

Bdid they leave; they had realized

Cdid they leave; had they realized

Dthey left; they realized

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12.As we all know, it was _________ that resulted in the terrible car accident.

Abecause of her carelessness

Bbecause she was careless

Cher being careless

Dshe was so careless

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11.We __ here at lunch time; we were delayed at the airport, though.

Acould he

Bshould be

Cmust have been

Dwould have been

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简答题(综合题) 本大题共105分。简答应写出文字说明、证明过程或演算步骤。
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20.

  On February 1,1960,I met three of my friends at the North Carolina A & T College Library,and together we walked to Woolworth's.At that time in the South,African Americans weren't allowed to eat with the white people.Woolworth's had a separate lunch counter in the basement for “negroes”(黑人).My friends and I had agreed that we would sit at the white people's lunch counter and ask to be served.And we did just that.Immediately,spoons stopped halfway to people's mouths.Every eye was on us.Again,we asked the waitress for coffee,and she refused and said it was a custom not to serve the black people.And I asked,“But you do agree that the custom is wrong,don't you?”

  We were very polite — out goal was to make sure that people did the right thing.So we sat there,waiting.An angry policeman came in and stopped right behind me.I could feel his hot breath on my neck as he stood over me.I said to myself,“This is it.”But he just stood there for a minute and then backed away and started pacing up and down.I came to realise:he didn't know what to do.

  An old white lady sitting farther down the counter finished her sandwich and headed straight for us.I prepared myself for a blast(一阵)of abuse.Instead,she put her hands on our shoulders and said,“Boys,I am so proud of you.I only regret that you didn't do this ten years ago.” That added to my determination to see it through.

  We went back to that lunch counter every day for six months until African Americans were finally served in every restaurant.

(1)What does the underlined word,“abuse”,in the third paragraph probably mean?

A.Great encouragement.                              

B.Good praise.

C.Unkind words.                                             

D.Direct advice.

(2)Which of the following words best describes the author?

A.Strange.                           

B.Kind­hearted.

C.Courageous.                   

D.Stubborn.

(3)Which of the following is TRUE,according to the text?

A.The author's friends were disappointed with him.

B.The old lady was in support of the author.

C.The old lady called the policeman in to deal with the matter.

D.The author's friends stopped the matter from getting worse.

分值: 6分 查看题目解析 >
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19.

  When you want to go shopping, decide how much money you can spend on new clothes, Think about the kind of clothes you really need. Then look for those clothes you really need. Then look for those clothes on sale.

  There are labels(标签) inside all new clothes. The labels tell you how to take care of your clothes. The label for a shirt may tell you to wash it in warm water. A sweater label may tell you to wash in cold water. The label on a coat may say “dry clean only”, for washing may ruin this coat. If you do as the directions(说明)on the label, you can keep your clothes looking their best for a long time.

  Many clothes today must be dry cleaned. Dry cleaning is expensive. When buying new clothes, check to see if they will need to be dry cleaned. You will save money if you buy clothes that can be washed.

  You can save money if you buy clothes that are well-made. Well-made clothes last longer. They look good even after they have been washed many times. Clothes that cost more money are not necessarily better made. They do not always fit better. Sometimes less expensive clothes look and fit better than more expensive clothes.

(1)If you want to save money, you had better buy clothes that _________  .

A. don’t fit you                                              

B. don’t last long

C. need to be dry cleaned                           

D. can be washed

(2)The labels inside the clothes tell you _____________    .

A. how to keep the clothes looking their best

B. how to save money

C. whether the clothes fit you or not

D. where to get the clothes dry cleaned

(3)We learn from the passage that cheaper clothes ________________  .

A. are always worse made

B. must be dry cleaned

C. can not be washed

D. can sometimes fit you better

(4)The best title for the passage should be_____________________ .

A. Buy Less Expensive Clothes

B. Taking Enough Money When Shopping

C. Being a Clever Clothes Shopper

D. Choosing the Labels inside New Clothes

分值: 8分 查看题目解析 >
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18.

  The year of 2014 saw smart people always busy inventing useful things, which have hepled to make the world better, smarter and a little for fun. Now, let’s take a look at some of the inventions.

Super banana

  Australian biogeneticist(生物遗传学家) James Dale visited Uganda, a poor African country, in the early 2000s, where he found that 15-30 percent of children under 5 were at risk of going blind because they did not get enough Vitamin A. Dale also learned that people there love bananas. They eat three to 11 bananas a day. So he came up with the idea to plant bananas containing added nutrition in order to improve Ugandans’ health. With the help of Bill Gates’ foundation, Dale developed the “super banana”. He added a gene to the fruit, making it rich in Vitamin A.

Coaching basketball

  Basketball is popular worldwide, partly because you only need a hoop(篮筐) and a ball to play the game. But this simple game has experienced a technology makeover this year with the development of a smart-sensor basketball.

  The ball, called the 94Fifty Basketball, has nine sensors inside. They can tell you anything from how fast you are going to how accurate your shot angles are.

  With a Bluetooth chip inside, the basketball can connect to your smartphone and tell you in the voice of a coach to “snap your wrist (传旋转球)”, or“go faster”, depending on the data.

The Hovercraft

  Thanks to the California-based company Hendo, flying past your friends on a floating board could soon become a reality.

  The Hovercraft has four small engines. These create a special magnetic field which produce enough force to lift the board off  the ground.

  At the moment, the hoverboard(悬浮滑板) can only float an inch off the ground for 15 minutes and must fly over a metal material. It’s expensive too, at $10,000 (61,810 yuan), but the company hopes that one day the technology could be used.

Wireless electricity

  Most of us could not bear to live without wireless Internet. We use it every day for everything from our phones to our cars. But one company wants to go a step further, by combining wireless technology with electricity.

  That’s right, no more tangled (缠绕的) wires and no more having to sit and hold your cell phone near a power socket(插座) in the corner of the room. WiTricity, a US company, has invented technology that can power objects up to 2.4 meters away. It uses a special plug-in coil (线圈) that creates a magnetic field!

(1) Which of the following statements would James Dale agree with?

A. Children in Uganda should eat fewer bananas.

B. Vitamin A is largely found in fruits like bananas.

C. Super bananas are definitely a safe biological product.

D. people’s eating habits can be used to develop new food.

(2) What is the biggest advantage of the 94Fifty Basketball?

A. The sensors hidden inside can help players run faster in a game.

B. It can help players to improve their shooting and ball handling skills.

C. It allows players to connect to their smartphones while playing basketball.

D. The bluetooth chip inside allows its users to listen to music while playing basketball.

(3) What can we learn about the Hovercraft from the text?

A. It enables its users to float off the ground freely.

B. It can work on many different kinds of surfaces.

C. It still needs to improve its power and efficiency.

D.It is an affordable means of transport for a family.

(4) What do the hovercraft and wireless electricity have in common according to the text?.

A. They create magnetic fields to produce power.

B. They apply technologies to many things in life.

C. They apply technologies which can produce electricity.

D. They use wireless technology to improve their products.

分值: 8分 查看题目解析 >
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17.  The English proficiency of Chinese women is much better than that of men, according to a study released in Shanghai yesterday, Chinese women scored three points higher than men in the English Proficiency Index(英语水平指数) released by EF Education, a language training company, mainly English. Worldside, women scored one point higher than men on average.

  “This shows that Chinese women are more used to the Chinese education mode, the report said. Chinese women use their gift of language to gain success.”

  However, Chinese mainlanders English proficiency ranked second to last in Asia, despite the great time and effort that many people invest in learning the language, the report said, China’s mainland is ranked the 36th in the index of 54 countries and regions where English is not the native language. That’s down by seven places comparing with that last year. The Chinese mainland belongs to the low-proficiency tier(低水平层次) and is ranked just above Thailand in Asia. This year’s index has increased the weight of listening tests, while decreasing the importance of grammar and vocabulary exams, which partly caused the ranking change, researchers said. Moreover, test-oriented(以考试为目的) and rote-based(死记硬背)learning methods often used in China hurt the language skills of Chinese students, education experts said.

  The study compared test scores of more than 1.7 million adults in the 54 countries and regions. Sweden, Denmark and the Netherlands have the best command of English, while Libya has the lowest English proficiency level. European countries generally performed well. But Italy, Spain and Portugal, some of the countries at the heart of the euro zone crisis, are being dragged down by poor English, according to the report. Singapore is 12th, the best in Asia, followed by Malaysia and India, South Korea; at 21st, and Japan, at 22nd, performed disappointingly low despite their focus on education; the report said.

  One in every four people frequently uses English at work on China’s mainland, nevertheless nearly 15 percent said they never use English, lower than the world average level, according to the study.

(1)What is EF Education?

A. It is a language test organization.    

B. It is an English teaching school.

C. It is a language training company.   

D. It is an organization studying human.

(2)By what do Chinese women gain success in English learning?

A. Cheating.    

B. Gift.     

C. Learning by heart.     

D. Asking for help.

(3) What can we learn from paragraph 3?

A. Chinese mainlanders’English proficiency ranked second in the index of 54 countries and regions.

B. Chinese mainlanders‘ English proficiency ranked 29th last year.

C. The Chinese mainland belongs to the midproficiency tier.

D. This year’s index has increased the weight of grammar and vocabulary exams.

(4) Which of the following order is TRUE in the ranking of the English Proficiency Index?

A. Denmark > India > Japan > Singapore > Libya

B. Denmark > Japan > Singapore > India > Libya

C. India>Japan > Denmark > Singapore > Libya

D. Denmark > Singapore > India > Japan > Libya

分值: 8分 查看题目解析 >
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  Two men were moose (驼鹿) hunters.Every year they (1)a plane to take them to Canada. This year hunting was especially (2) and in a few days just they each (3)a moose.They radioed for their(4)to come to pick them up.

  When the plane arrived, the pilot took one (5) at the animals and told the hunters they could not take such a(6) load along."But we spent all (7) hunting for these moose," they protested."And besides, the pilot we hired last year wasn't (8) about the moose's weight." After much argument, the pilot (9) gave in.The heavy plane was only in the air for a few minutes (10) it lost altitude and (11) into the side of a mountain.

  As the men (12) out of the wreckage (残骸), one hunter asked, "Where are we?"

  His friend answered, "About a mile farther than we did last year !" They had been (13) a moose into a plane year after year and crashing!

  Keep doing the same tiling and you will keep getting the same(14) It is the case with flying and it is (15) of living.

  What is not working_(16)for you? A habit you are trying to break? A relationship with a parent or spouse(配偶)or child or friend? What is a (17)of on-going frustration? Getting (18)to that project you keep promising to complete? Never having enough money to pay the bills?

  The truth is, if you keep doing the same things you will keep getting the same outcomes.So, if you don't like the way things are (19) out, something must change.Are you ready to try something (20)?

(1)A.bought              B.rented              C.borrowed              D.boarded

(2)A.difficult              B.bad                  C.busy                     D.good

(3)A.attacked            B.took                  C.bagged              D.bought

(4)A.friend                 B.pilot '               C.partner              D.trainer

(5)A.look                  B.picture               C.sight                   D.view

(6)A.light                  B.tall                     C.heavy                   D.full

(7)A.week                  B.month               C.day                   D.year

(8)A.pleased              B.angry                   C.frightened              D.worried

(9)A.finally                  B.hardly                   C.willingly              D.expected

(10)A.while                  B.since                  C.when                   D.though

(11)A.settled              B.exploded              C.flew                   D.crashed

(12)A.struggled           B.fought              C.pushed              D.walked

(13)A.filling                  B.packing              C.loading              D.sending

(14)A.effects              B.results              C.rewards              D.troubles

(15)A.true                  B.real                  C.right                   D.same

(16)A.hard                  B.well                  C.especially              D.fairly

(17)A.reason              B.basis                  C.cause                   D.key

(18)A.over                  B.away                  C.through              D.around

(19)A.getting              B.turning ,               C.making              D.running

(20)A. different              B.beautiful              C.magic                   D.interesting

分值: 30分 查看题目解析 >
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21.  

 How can we all get more laughter into our lives? Here is what the experts suggest:

 (1)Nancy  Alguire, a teacher in Clifton Park, N. Y., was once painfully shy and had a hard time laughing. Then she married a circus clown (小丑). “I became interested in the clowns,” she recalls “One day I put on a costume and paint my face. That afternoon my whole life changed. I learned to laugh and enjoy life in a way I had never done  before.”  (2)  To this day, she still makes it a rule to be with people who enjoy life and laughing.

  (3) It doesn’t take you too much time and can be easy. Collect favorite cartoons and jokes.Also, keep a paper for writing down humor you find in everyday life. “Good ideas come and go fast, you have to capture them quickly or they are gone,” says VirginiaTooper.          

 Laugh when you need it most. “ (4)” says comedian Bill Cosby. “And once you find laughter no matter how painful your situation might be, you can survive it,” he insists.         

Gray Alan, a sociology professor at the University of Minnesota, claims that laughter is a skil we can all gain because it comes naturally.  (5)   Just remember: we are just here for a period,so get a few laughs.

A. You can soften the worst blows through humor.

B. Mix with people who laugh.

C. Practise the art of laughing.

D. Keep a laughter file.

E. He who laughs last laughs best.

F. But it’s also something that has to be developed.

G. People’s joy can affect those around them.

分值: 10分 查看题目解析 >
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22.

通知你班同学本周星期六晚上7:30在101教室举行一次英语晚会,节目有唱歌、朗诵、话剧等,要求本班同学都参加,欢迎外班同学光临,请同学们做好准备。通知开头和结尾已给出:

    Notice

Fellow students,attention,please.

____________________________________________________________________________

________________________________________________________

That's all.Thank you.

分值: 15分 查看题目解析 >
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23.

暑假即将来临,你班同学讨论了假期计划,提出了不同看法。请根据提示写一篇有关讨论的英语短文,并谈谈你的看法。

参考词汇:眼界—horizon(或view)

注意:词数不少于60。

短文的开头已给出,不计入总词数。

The summer holiday is coming. Our class have had a discussion about what to do during the holiday.                                                                   ______________________________________

_________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

人们对于学生网上交友持不同意见,请你用英语写一篇关于学生网上交友的短文,介绍人们的不同观点,并表达自己的看法。

注意:文章必须包括表中的全部内容;

词数为100左右;

参考词汇:网络朋友 on—line friend(s),  上当受骗to be cheated

分值: 20分 查看题目解析 >
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