So many of us hold on to little complaints that may have come from an argument，a misunderstanding ，the way we were raised，or some other painful event. Stubbornly，we wait for someone else to reach out to us — believing this is the only way we can forgive or rekindle a friendship or family relationship.
A friend of mine，recently told me that she hadn't spoken to her son in almost three years. She said that she and her son had had a disagreement about his wife and that she would't speak to him again unless he called first. When I suggested that she be the one to reach out，she said，“ I can't do that. He’s the one who should apologize. ” After a little gentle encouragement，however，she did de¬cide to be the first one to reach out. To her amazement，her son was grateful for her willingn ess to call and offered an apology of his own. As is usually the case，when someone takes the chance and rea¬ches out，everyone wins.
Whenever we hold on to our anger，we turn“ small stuff”问题）” into really “ big stuff” in our minds. We start to believe that our positions are more important than our happiness. They are not. If you want to be a more peaceful person you must understand that being right is almost never more im-portant than allowing yourself to be happy. The way to be happy is to let go，and reach out. Let other people be right. This doesn't mean that you 're wrong. Everything will be fine. You'll experience the peace of letting go，as well as the joy of letting others be right.
You'11 also notice that，as you reach out and let others be “right”，they will become less defen¬sive and more loving toward you. They might even reach back. But，if for some reason they don't， that's okay too. You '11 have the inner satisfaction of knowing that you have done your part to create a more loving world，and certainly you'11 be more peaceful yourself.
21.The underlined word “ rekindle” in Paragraph 1 probably means “ ”.
22. In the author's opinion，we hold on to our anger often because we think .
A. we can turn small issues into big ones
B. our positions are higher than others
C. our own opinions matter most
D. others will be less defensive
23. The best thing to do after a quarrel is to .
A. let go of our own rights
B.realize that you are wrong.
C. expect others to give in
D.apologize to others first.
24. What is the main idea of the passage?
A. People should keep peaceful when facing small stuff.
B. Reaching out and apologizing wins one peace and happiness.
C. We should tell apart small and big stuff in our daily life.
D. It's necessary to enjoy ourfriendshipandfamily relationship.
21.本题考查的是根据上下文推断单词意思的能力，属于推断判断题。根据文章第一段最后一句话“Stubbornly，we wait for someone else to reach out to us — believing this is the only way we can forgive or rekindle a friendship or family relationship.”可知，or连接了两个单词forgive和rekindle，根据or的用法，其连接的前后两个单词要么是意思相近，要么是意思相反；而在这道题中，考查的是or连接的前后两个单词意思相近的用法。根据A恢复，B发展，C接受，D替代，四个选项的意思，其中与forgive“原谅”意思相近并且能够与friendship“友谊”搭配的是A选项，所以选择A选项。
22.本文考查的是生活相关的话题，属于主旨大意题。根据第三段“ Whenever we hold on to our anger，we turn‘small stuff’ into really ‘ big stuff’ in our minds. We start to believe that our positions are more important than our happiness.”可知，我们总会把小问题变成大问题，并且开始相信我们的立场比我们的快乐还重要。从中可以看出，作者是认为我们的立场，意见的很重要的，联系文章主旨，所以选择C选项。
21.推断判断题。根据文章第一段最后一句话“Stubbornly，we wait for someone else to reach out to us — believing this is the only way we can forgive or rekindle a friendship or family relationship.”可知，or连接了两个单词forgive和rekindle，根据or的用法，其连接的前后两个单词要么是意思相近，要么是意思相反；而在这道题中，考查的是or连接的前后两个单词意思相近的用法。根据A恢复，B发展，C接受，D替代，四个选项的意思，其中与forgive“原谅”意思相近并且能够与friendship“友谊”搭配的是A选项，所以选择A选项。
22.文章理解题。根据第三段“ Whenever we hold on to our anger，we turn‘small stuff’ into really ‘ big stuff’ in our minds. We start to believe that our positions are more important than our happiness.”可知，我们总会把小问题变成大问题，并且开始相信我们的立场比我们的快乐还重要。从中可以看出，作者是认为我们的立场，意见的很重要的，联系文章主旨，所以选择C选项。
Cursive (手写体)is about to become extinct. Do we raise the red flag? To teach or not to teach cursive is the question that several state education departments are struggling with.
Before you read this write-up $ do a simple exercise. Pick a pen and paper and start writing in cursive. Yes，that fancy handwriting that you learned in grade school. You may not have forgotten the good times you had while writing loopy Ps and Gs as well as curly Ms and Ns. However，the chances are you won't be able to write it as excellently as you used to. Some people are good at making the perfect loops and curls，while some are bad. I am still terrible at it.
Cursive is hardly used by kids anymore as even adults don 't write in this style，unless they are using it for their s ignature. Learning this handwriting was a usual practice in school for several dec¬ades. However， in 2011， the Indiana Dep artment of Education made it optional (可选择的)for schools to teach cursive writing to the students. In fact，there were 46 more states who have done the
same.There are some who believe that it is high time for cursive to retire from school curriculum. After all，if we don ’ t leave the past behind，we cannot make way for new things. If you walk into any classroom，you would find children using keyboards to communicate in written form. On the other hand，fans of this cursive insist on its usefulness. They remind us that if we stop teaching and learn¬ing cursive in schools，very soon most of our historical documents will become hard to us.
Where do we stand on this subject? Is it the right time to erase an almost forgotten handwriting and live in the keyboarding world? Or can we do both without compromising (妥协)on our school curriculum? Let me know your thoughts on this matter by leaving a comment in the section below.
32.People use cursive when they
A. give their signature
B. are in Indiana
C. grow up as adults
D. are at school
33.In Indiana school，children .
A. must learn cursive
B. are interested in cursive
C. can choose to learn cursive
D. learn cursive everyday
34.It can beinferred that the author
A. prefersto learn cursive
B. is a cursiveteacher
C. welcomespeople to show their opinions
D. is a veryfamous expert in education
35. Whatwould be the best title for the passage?
A. IsCursive Writing Necessary?
B. IsKeyboarding World Good?
C. AKeyboarding World
D. Advantagesof Cursive
32.本题主要是文意理解题，根据第三段“Cursive is hardly used by kids anymore as even adults don 't write in this style，unless they are using it for their signature.”可知，不管是小孩还是成人都很少用这样的手写体，除非在他们签名的时候才会用。所以选择A选项。33.解析：本题主要是文意理解题，根据第三段“However， in 2011，the Indiana Department of Education made it optional(可选择的) for schools to teach cursive writing to the students.”可知，在2011年，印度的教育部门已经同意学校可以选择教或是不教学生手写体。所以选择C选项。34.本题主要是文意理解题，根据最后一段“Let me know your thoughts on this matter by leaving a comment in the section below.”可知，作者是欢迎大家发表意见的。所以选择C选项。35.本题主要是主旨大意题，文章主要通过手写体的应用和存在现状以及其消亡和存在的优缺点，进而提出了文章的主旨--手写体是否有存在的必要性？所以选择A选项。
How Learning Habits Influence on Learning Results
It's useful and necessary to discuss learning habits. There is a famous saying “ Good habits lead to good endings”，which shows the 61 (important) of habits.
“ An apple a day keeps a doctor 62 ” also shows how a healthy everyday habit helps 63 (build） up our body. Thus， good learning habits can help us gain great learning results， 64 (include) high scores and abundant(丰富的) knowledge. At first，learnin g habits form our ways of thinking and attitudes to the content of our learning. 65 ( obvious)，a good habit can help us to speed up to reach our destinations. As we can see，developing a good habit is so important 66 I would like to introduce one kind of good learning habits — keep a learning diary every day. We can start the habit by 67 ( write) learning summaries and remember to record something 68 (im-press) and meaningful. Keep 69 in mind,we can gain this good learning habit and benefit from it.
What's more，I find out that I still have some bad learning habits as well. I can only concentrate on reading for a short time and I will conquer this problem by spending more effort 70 concentra¬tion practice in future.
I believe that through my efforts，I can gain good learning results by having good habits.
61.the+名词+of+名词，固定搭配，表示of后面的名词的所属结构62.考查keep和away的搭配63.台风袭击了南美洲的部分地区64.名词+included，including+名词65.obviously可以单独使用，表示“明显地，显然”的意思66.so...that...，如此...以至于...，为固定搭配67.by+doing表示“通过......”的意思68.something impressive，表示“一些印象深刻的事”指示代词后面接形容词，and连接的两个词的词性要保持一致，meaningful为形容词，因此要把impress改为形容词69.it在这里指代的是前文中的所提到的writing summaries and record something。70.more effort在这里相当于something，因此spend后面接on
70.考察spend ... on ...的用法
61.the+名词+of+名词，固定搭配，表示of后面的名词的所属结构62.理解并掌握keep......away的用法和意思，远离......。63.明晰strike的过去式拼写64.名词+included，including+名词65.明晰obvious的副词拼写66.明确so...that...的固定搭配67.明确by+doing的用法68.指示代词后面接形容词，and连接的两个词的词性要保持一致，meaningful为形容词，因此要把impress改为形容词69.it可以代指前文中所提到的一件事或是一个单词70.明确spend和in，on的用法，spend time in doing something，spend something on something or doing something
1. It (想到) to me to visit my teacher.
2.If the exercise causes (不适)，stop immediately.
3.I accepted the job without (犹豫）
4.Taking (责任）for something that went wrong is a mark of great maturity.
5.As we Joined the big crowd I got (分离)from my friends.
6.She doesn' t (勉强接受，将就）anything but the best
7.A negative attitude will (使你一事无成）
8. (记着）some people may need your help
9.Since 1949 these parks and buildings have been （对大众开放）
10.It was with sincerity and faithfulness that we （创造和谐的氛围）
7.get you nowhere
8.Bear in mind that
9.open to the public
10.created a harmony phenomenon
1.it occurs to sb，固定用法，某人想到...
3.without hesitation 没有犹豫
4.take responsibility for对什么负责任
5.get desperate from sb与...某人分离
7.get you nowhere习惯用法
8.Bear in mind that记着，后面接着一个句子
9.open to the public对大众开放，常见表达
1.it occur to sb的用法
1.it occurs to sb，固定用法，某人想到...
3.without hesitation 没有犹豫
4.take responsibility for对什么负责任
5.get desperate from sb与...某人分离
7.get you nowhere习惯用法
8.Bear in mind that记着，后面接着一个句子
9.open to the public对大众开放，常见表达
Dear Tom，How I miss you! I'd like to introduce the layout of my school to you.
How I miss I'd to introduce the layout of my school to you . Entering the campus，you will step oil die leading through the whole campus. On the left of the cross- road is located the modern laboratory building while our splendid teaching building is on the right where we have fascinating lessons every day. At the end of the main path t the library on the left greets you and the gym on the opposite side. Happily, we have sports after class in the foot- ball field which is betwmeen the library and the kh building； the basketball court face field across the main path.I love my school with student working haid to realize their dreams and teachers training us like our parents. Pro-vided you can visit my school some day, I will show you a- round it.
2.在写要点时要各有侧重。分为两部分来写，第一部分主要描写学校的环境，第二部分则是表达自己对学校的情感。语言要语言简洁，巧妙运用些句型，方位语，副词，如：Entering the campus，On the left of，At the end of the main path，happily，provided等，使文章衔接连贯，流畅。
3.参考词汇和短语：campus，modern laboratory building，teaching building，library，on the left of，at the end of ，on the opposite side等可以让文章成为一个整体，更为流畅。while，happily，provided等连词使句式多样、文章更加连贯，语气较为婉转。
While I will explain a bit about the science of stress and relaxation a little later r simple way to think about it is that our body 's stress response works like a car alarm. keep us safe by warning us of the presence of danger in our immediate environment.
But instead of warning us with a loud and annoying sound，our body alarm system lets us know that something is wrong by creating changes in our neurochemistry (神经化学）.If you've ever expe¬rienced pain in your stomach，periods of extreme anger，inability to focus or even insomnia (失眠），
chances are your body was paying the price in those moments for the brain chemistry of stress.
So if it's so uncomfortable，why not just get rid of stress altogether?
This is not only impractical，it would be dangerous. Let's go back to the metaphor (比喻说法） of the car alarm. If the alarm is turned off altogether，the car is exposed to continual danger without there being any way of your knowing about it until it is too late. It would be like walking through the jungle without any fear signal in the presence of a poisonous snake or other dangerous animals — while it might feel “nice” to be so relaxed，your body actually needs the stress response not only to remind you of danger but also to offer extra adrenaline (肾上腺素) for your heart and extra blood and oxygen for your arms and legs.
However，if the car alarm goes off at any time，someone just looks at the car with a bit of an atti- tude，and it becomes equally useless. Not only do we stop paying attention to it，but it begins to drive us and everyone around us becomes a little bit crazy. In the case of our bodies，walking around in a constant state of alarm also has some pretty alarming health consequences，which we will explore in greater depth in the next chapter.
25.Our body's stress response is compared to a car alarm in that .
A.they work all the time
B. they both give a signal
C.they work in the same way
D. they both produce a sound
26.When our body alarm system works， .
A.we feel calm
B.we feel excited
C.some changes happen in our brain
D. some changes happen in our heart
27. What would happen if stress were got rid of completely?
A. We'11 be free of worries.
B. We'11 achieve a sense of safety.
C. We'11 reach a perfect state of mind.
D. We'11 fail to realize the possible danger.
28. What's the purpose of giving the example of walking through the Jungle in Paragraph 4 ?
A. To show the harm of stress.
B. To show the effect of stress.
C. To explain the function of stress response.
D. To explain the necessity of stress response.
25.本题主要是文意理解题，根据第一段“it is that our body 's stress response works like a car alarm.keep us safe by warning us of the presence of danger in our immediate environment.”身体的应激反应就像汽车警报器一样，当我们处于危险时会给我们发出警报。可知，这两者都会发出信号，所以选择B选项。
26.本题主要是文意理解题，根据文章第二段“But instead of warning us with a loud and annoying sound，our body alarm system lets us know that something is wrong by creating changes in our neurochemistry (神经化学）.”汽车警报器会发出扰人的噪音，而人体警报系统则会通过在神经化学上的一些变化向我们发出警报。而我们的神经主要由大脑控制，所以选择C选项。
28.本题主要是文意理解题，根据第四段“It would be like walking through the jungle without any fear signal in the presence of a poisonous snake or other dangerous animals — while it might feel “nice” to be so relaxed，your body actually needs the stress response not only to remind you of danger but also to offer extra adrenaline (肾上腺素) for your heart and extra blood and oxygen for your arms and legs.”可知，就像走在丛林里无法感觉到任何有关毒蛇活危险动物的信息，你可能会感觉到很放松，开心，但是人体确实需要应激反应告知我们潜在的危险，并且这也可以给我们的心脏提供额外的肾上腺素，给我们的四肢提供血液和氧气。所以选择D选项。
25.文意理解题。根据第一段“it is that our body 's stress response works like a car alarm.keep us safe by warning us of the presence of danger in our immediate environment.”身体的应激反应就像汽车警报器一样，当我们处于危险时会给我们发出警报。可知，这两者都会发出信号。
26.文意理解题。根据文章第二段“But instead of warning us with a loud and annoying sound，our body alarm system lets us know that something is wrong by creating changes in our neurochemistry (神经化学）.”汽车警报器会发出扰人的噪音，而人体警报系统则会通过在神经化学上的一些变化向我们发出警报。而我们的神经主要由大脑控制。
28.文意理解题。根据第四段“It would be like walking through the jungle without any fear signal in the presence of a poisonous snake or other dangerous animals — while it might feel “nice” to be so relaxed，your body actually needs the stress response not only to remind you of danger but also to offer extra adrenaline (肾上腺素) for your heart and extra blood and oxygen for your arms and legs.”可知，就像走在丛林里无法感觉到任何有关毒蛇活危险动物的信息，你可能会感觉到很放松，开心，但是人体确实需要应激反应告知我们潜在的危险，并且这也可以给我们的心脏提供额外的肾上腺素，给我们的四肢提供血液和氧气。
At the Magazine we welcome your contributions! We love to publicize authors，bloggers and businesses. And there are several spots available for writers.
This is a regular page devoted to new and experienced authors. Click here to see the questions and you simply reply as you wish. To appear on Author Spot，your book must be already published. Please enclose a color photo of yourself plus a color photo of your book cover.
Are you an expert in your field? We welcome “Top Tips” on any subjects such as working from home，building up a business，wr iting — please contact u s if you have an idea and look at the top tips posts on this site to see how to craft your own.
Do you have some news about your business，company or charity? We are always on the look out for great press releases to publish on our site. Simply submit your press release here or email it to ali- son@ feature world. co. uk.
Opinion pieces and Reviews
Got a subject you feel strongly about? Or would you like to review a book for us? We are happy to look at all other opinion pieces or reviews as long as they fit with the general ethos (思想信仰)of the site.
General Submission Guidelines
Due to the number of submissions received we cannot guarantee that your submission will be pub¬lished. There might be a wait of a few weeks before your submission goes live.
We reserve the right to edit submissions — although as they are personal to the writer，we en¬deavor not to do this.
Any questions? Contact us here.
29. Which is a necessary requirement to contribute a book ?
A.One photo of you and your book.
B.A book never published.
C.Answering some questions.
D. An expert in your field.
30. What does the underlined part“ we endeavor not to do this” in the sentence mean?
A. We try not to be personal.
B. We try not to change your writing.
C. We try not to reserve the right.
D. We try not to delay the publication.
31. Where does the passage come from?
A. A magazine.
B. A textbook.
C. A website .
D. A newspaper.
30.本题主要是推理判断题，根据倒数第二段“We reserve the right to edit submissions — although as they are personal to the writer，we endeavor not to do this.”可知，我们保留编辑的权利--因为这对于作者来说是比较私人的，所以我们尽量不去改变作者的文章。从中可以得出，我们会尽量不改变原作者的文章。所以选择B。
31.本题主要是事实细节题，根据文章所出现的“click here”，“this site”“Simply submit your press release here”这些信息可知，这篇文章是在网站上的，因为在网站上才可以点击，并且发送信息到该网址去。因此选择C选项。
30.推理判断题。根据倒数第二段“We reserve the right to edit submissions — although as they are personal to the writer，we endeavor not to do this.”可知，我们保留编辑的权利--因为这对于作者来说是比较私人的，所以我们尽量不去改变作者的文章。
31.事实细节题。根据文章所出现的“click here”，“this site”“Simply submit your press release here”这些信息可知，这篇文章是在网站上的，因为在网站上才可以点击，并且发送信息到该网址去。
How to Study for a Test or Final
The end of the term is drawing near，and that means final exams are on the way. 36
The most important thing you can do is give yourself plenty of time to prepare. Then follow this plan：
Gather all the material you 've received during the term. Read through your class notes twice.
Some things will sound familiar and some things will sound unfamiliar. That's normal.
Estalish a Study Group or Partner.
Schedule at least one meeting time with a study partner or study group.If you can't completely get tog ether，then exchange email addresses. 37
Collect your old exams from the year ( or semester) and make a photocopy of each one. Write
out the test answers and copy each one again. Use Old Tests
To get the best results，you should make several copies of each old exam and keep taking the
tests until you score perfectly on each one.
Build up Your Class Notes.
Organize your notes by date and make note of any missing dates/pages. Get together with a study partner or group to compare notes and fill in any missing material. 39 Everybody zones out once in a while. After you organize your new set of notes，underline any key words，formu las，themes，and con¬cepts.
Make yourself a new practice test with fill-in sentences and term definitions. Print out several tests and practice several times. 40 Then exchange.
Make Use of Old Assignments.
Gather some old assignments and redo the exercises. Review tho exercises until you can every question easily.
A.Instant messages will work well，too.
B. Have a set of practice tests.
C. How can you give yourself a chance to improve your scores?
D. You might find one that makes something clear for the first time.
E. Ask the members of your study group to make practice tests as well.
F. Don 't be too surprised if you missed key information from the lectures.
G. Have your friend or study partner raise questions and compare them.
I loved working with my dad，but I hated a summer job he gave me. He owned a small 41 in Bank Street. In his shop，the most recently 42 person got the worst job，and the boss 'son was also 43 .
I didn 't want to spend hours 44 the frost on the ceiling of the walk-in freezer，and it was the Saturday afternoon ’ s job that I hated most. We recei ved fresh 45 every day. Chicken sat in wooden boxes and was 46 with crushed ice. During the week，the ice and the blood of the chick¬en slowly leaked into the container 47 the chicken，creating its bloody smell.
There was only one 48 to get rid of the blood and wash the container ： hold my 49 and carefully slide the container from under the chicken， as I tried not to 50 the contents over my clothes，and then 51 into the drain (下水道).
Soon， students who have cut lawns， painted houses， worked in offices， 52 maybe even others will
53 to school. Some will have great memories 54 others will come back with 55 ones.
Looking back ,I think my father could have 56 me from my weekly hell. However，my dad， who 'd dropped out of school to help support his family after his father died，was a teacher for me 57 . He knew treating me 58 from his other employees would be an unfair thing. Most im¬ portantl y ，he taught me to 59 those who do the ha rd and 60 tasks in life.
For the next six summers， I returned not as the boss'son， but as one of other guys， and I cleaned the dirty container every Saturday afernoon.
41.A. grocery B. butcher's C.chain D. Book
42.A. hired B. invited C. received D. Received
43.A. interested B. included C. affected D. Offered
44.A. looking into B. tearing up C. cleaning up D. Grain
45.A. fruit B. vegetable C. chicken D.grain
46.surrounded B. impressed C. accompanied D. Cooked
47.A.above B.beside C.below D.under
48.A.chance B.way C.place D. Reason
49.A.arm B.nose C.breath D. Head
50.A.touch B.notice C.find D. Splash
51.A.break B.divide C.empty D. Allow
52.A.and B.so C.but D. Or
53.A.adapt B.go C.return D. Apply
54.A.while B.when C.since D. Because
55.A.exciting B.good C.amazing D. Unpleasant
56.A.forced B.spared C.treated D. Pushed
57.A.at heat B.in fact C.in case D. at home
58.A.kindly B.carefully C.differently D. Warmly
59.A.witness B.appreciate C.hurt D. Influence
60.A.vital B.dirty C.easy D. Funny
41.下文出现的the blood of the chicken为该题提供了线索，只有选项B
44.下文提到的he frost on the ceiling of the walk-in freezer，已经结冰的隔板，选项C清洗，与隔板搭配，清洗隔板，所以选C
53.go去，return返回，本文中用return to 返回学校比较合适，所以选C。
56.spare sb from 让某人免受...，远离...，作为老板，“爸爸”可以让“我”免受这种苦的，所以选择B。
Dear Mandy， I'm not doing well in my lessons at school，especial in maths. My dad says I must try hard because he wants me go to university. He thinks I'm lazy，but it's not true. I work really hard，often study late into the night! I've tried to talk to my mother，but she always said I have to work as hard like my brother does.My brother doesn't study very hard，and he always gets excellent grades. It's not fair!The only thing I like it is art. My teacher says I'm the best student she's had for year. When I told my dad，all he said was，“ You mustn 't waste your time in art. You must focus your mind on your lessons! ”I'm feeling quite puzzling as to what to do now. Would you please help meout? Thanks a lot!
1.especially表示“尤其是，特别地”意思。2.want sb to do sth,想要某人做某事3.这句话的主语是I，谓语是work；从often可以看出，study这个动作是经常发生的，因此用动词繁荣ing形式表示经常性的动作。4.always表示的是经常性的动作，因此后面的动词要用一般现在时表示经常性的动作。5.as+形容词+as，表示“和...一样...”,为固定搭配6.上文说的是不够努力学习，但是却取得好的成绩，因此使用表示转折的连词but。7.The only thing I like is art，我唯一喜欢的事情是艺术，I like修饰the only thing，is是这句话的谓语，因此这句话不缺成分，it是多余的，所以去掉it。8.always表示的是经常性的动作，因此后面的动词要用一般现在时表示经常性的动作。9.waste time on...，浪费时间在...上，为固定用法。10.形容词用于人时用ed形式，用于物时用ing形式。这句话中I是主语，即主语是人，因此用ed形式。
2.want sb to do sth的用法
7.The only thing I like is art，我唯一喜欢的事情是艺术，I like修饰the only thing，is是这句话的谓语，因此这句话不缺成分，it是多余的，所以去掉it。
9.waste time on...，浪费时间在...上，为固定用法。
2.易受后面go to 的to的影响
9.易受spend time in...该语法的影响。