- 英语 武汉市2017年高三第一次模拟考试
Look at the following three special animals.
DOGS DRIVE CAR
Auckland, New Zealand
After two months of learning, Monty, and Porter were able to drive an automobile around a racetrack. “We wanted to prove how smart rescue dogs are,” animal behaviorist Mark Vette says. Vette first used voice commands and treats to teach the dogs how to turn a steering wheel and how to change gear(换挡).
The dogs’ ride only accelerated up to 7.5 miles an hour, and trainers could stop the auto using a remote control.
Zoe the zebra’s markings are special. The animal has white and golden stripes. Zoe’s appearance results from a rare condition called amelanosis(黑素缺失症). Her body doesn’t make enough melanin, the substance in an animal’s skin and hair cells that produces color. “Only 25 other golden zebras are known to exist in the world,” says Ann Goody, who runs the wildlife refuge where Zoe lives. In the wild, life may be difficult for animals with amelanosis because predators(捕猎者) can easily spot them. But Zoe is protected at her refuge.
COCKATOO MAKES TOOLS
When Figaro the cockatoo spots food lying just out of reach from his cage, he builds a tiny wooden tool to sweep the tasty prize in his way.
The bird first revealed his talent when a stone he was playing with rolled out of his cage. The cockatoo couldn’t reach the stone. So he flew away and returned with a small branch, slipping it through the fence to slide the stone toward him.
Wondering if he would do it again, scientists placed a nut exactly where the stone had been. This time, Figaro pulled out a small piece of wood in his cage and dragged the nut toward him.
21. If Zoe the zebra is set free in the wild, she will _____ .
22. What’s special about Figaro the cockatoo?
23. What is the text mainly about?
Well-known Chinese writer, literary translator and foreign literature researcher Yang Jiang died at the age of 105 in Beijing on 25 May, 2016.
Yang, the wife of late Chinese novelist Qian Zhongshu, enjoyed decades of fame across the country for her literature works such as Six Chapters from My Life “Downunder”(1981), Baptism(1988), and We Three(2004), which recalls her husband and her daughter Qian Yuan(1937-1997) who died of cancer one year before her father’s death. Her translation of the Spanish novel Don Quixote de la Mancha 《堂吉诃德》 is widely considered the best Chinese version so far.
Yang Jiang, whose original name was Yang Jikang, was born in Beijing and grew up in Suzhou, East China’s Jiangsu province. She got her master’s degree in foreign languages and literature at Tsinghua University, where she met her husband Qian Zhongshu, whose later work, the satirical novel Fortress Besieged 《围城》 is famous around the world. The couple married in 1935 and during 1935 to 1938, they went to Oxford University for further study. They returned to China in 1938 and both of them went into academia (学术界) and made important contributions to the development of Chinese culture. Yang and Qian were known for having the perfect love story in Chinese literary circles. Qian once commented that Yang was “the most virtuous wife and most talented lady”. Apart from her own achievements in literature, she made a great contribution to Qian’s works after his death. More than 70,000 letters and drafts by her husband were collected by her for the publication Qian Zhongshu’s Manuscript Collection in 2003.
Yang loved reading and encouraged the younger generation to read more books. She donated millions of yuan that she earned through sales of her works to Tsinghua University and set up the “Love Reading” scholarship in the name of her family after her husband and daughter passed away.
24. Which of the following literature works is NOT written by Yang Jiang?
25. She donated millions of yuan to Tsinghua University and set up the “Love Reading” scholarship to show .
26. What did YangJiang do after Qian Zhongshu died?
27. What’s the best title of this passage?
We are all called upon to make a speech at some point in life, but most of us don’t do a very good job. This article gives some suggestions on how to give an effective speech.
So, you have to give a speech—and you’re terrified. You get nervous, you forget what you want to say, you stumble(结巴)over words, you talk too long, and you bore your audience. Later you think, “Thank goodness, it’s over. I’m just not good at public speaking. I hope I never have to do that again.”
Cheer up! It doesn’t have to be that bad. Here are some simple steps to take the pain out of speech making. Ask yourself the purpose of your speech. What is the occasion? Why are you speaking? Then, gather as many facts as you can on your subject. Spend plenty of time doing your research. Then spend plenty of time organizing your material so that your speech is clear and easy to follow. Use as many examples as possible, and use pictures, charts, and graphs if they will help you make your points more clearly. Never forget your audience. Don’t talk over their heads, and don’t talk down to them. Treat your audience with respect. They will appreciate your thoughtfulness.
Just remember: be prepared. Know your subject, your audience, and the occasion. Be brief. Say what you have to say and then stop. And be yourself. Let your personality come through so that you make person-to-person contact with your audience.
If you follow these simple steps, you’ll see that you don’t have to be afraid of public speaking. In fact, you may find the experience so enjoyable that you volunteer to make more speeches! You’re not convinced yet? Give it a try and see what happens.
28. Which of the statements is true?
29. What does paragraph 2 tell the readers?
30. The underlined “talk over their heads” refers to .
31. The main idea of this article is that .
It’s amazing that children have their own rules in playing games. They seldom need a referee (裁判) and rarely trouble to keep scores. They don’t care much about who wins or loses, and it doesn’t seem to worry them if the game is not finished. Yet, they like games that depend a lot on luck, so that their personal abilities cannot be directly compared. They also enjoy games that move in stages, in which each stage, the choosing of leaders, the picking-up of sides, or the determining of which side shall start, is almost a game in itself.
Grown-ups can hardly find children’s game exciting, and they often feel puzzled at why their kids play such simple game again and again. However, it is found that a child plays games for very important reasons. He can be a good player without having to think whether he is a popular person, and he can find himself being a useful partner to someone of whom he is afraid. He becomes a leader when it comes to his turn. He can be confident, too, in particular games, that it is his place to give orders, to pretend to be dead, to throw a ball actually at someone, or to kiss someone he has caught.
It appears to us that when children play a game they imagine a situation under their control. Everyone knows the rules, and more importantly, everyone plays according to the rules. Those rules may be childish, but they make sure that every child has a chance to win.
32.Which statement is true about children when they play games?
33. With the purpose of becoming a leader in a game, the child has to _________.
34.The reason why a child likes playing games is that_________.
35.The best title for this passage is________.
There are some major benefits to having confidence, and there are proven methods to boost it. There’s a saying that “confidence breeds success.” But does it? 36 Let’s take a look at how to get there.。
1. Give yourself a quick confidence boost by striking a “power pose”.
Try this: Next time you’re feelingnervous about something—like a job interview, for example—try taking a coupleminutes right before and adopting this pose: Stand straight up, push yourshoulders back and chest out, and place your hands on your hips. Studies haveshown that this pose can lead to a short-term increase in confidence andreduction in stress. How does this work? “ 37 ” said Harvard BusinessSchool social psychologist Amy Cuddy in a 2012 TED Global talk.
2. Convince yourself you have the ability to improve.
Now, this sounds like one of those“easier said than done” type suggestions, but it’s actually not. 38 You can’t change your eye color or yourheight, for example, but you can change your physical strength throughtraining. 39 Is your goal to become a better public speaker? That’ssomething you can improve upon. A better interviewer? That’s a skill that canbe developed. Have more upper body strength? With training, that’s possible,too. What you’ll find is that there are very few things in life trulyunchangeable. We all have our own limitations, but as long as we can remindourselves that we’re not stuck, we have motivation to change ourselves.
You’re going to fail, and that’s agiven. What matters much more than whether or not you fail is how you react tothat setback. Do you get up? Do you regroup, come up with a new strategy, andtry again? Or do you just throw it the towel? If we can learn to fail, we canlearn to succeed.
A.As long as you work hard, you can improve your ability.
B.Fail. Get up. Try again. Repeat.
C.Our bodies change our minds.
D.Confidence can play a big role in how much success you experience in your life.
E.Ask yourself if your goal is something you have the power to improve upon.
F.Everyone wants to succeed without efforts.
G.Think about the things in your life you can’t change and those you can.
The first full choir rehearsal（彩排）of the school year took place in the school hall. All the students 41 together to sing. I watched as my elder sister and her grade came in and took their 42 next to us on the stage.， Meanwhile, I could hear laughing. Some students were pointing at a girl standing next to my sister. I had never seen this girl before. A girl 43 in my ear, “Did you know she’s wearing diapers(纸尿裤)?”
After school that evening, I asked my sister 44 the girl I had seen. She told me her name was Theresa and that she was a very nice girl. “Why were those kids being mean to her?” I asked. “Because they are stupid,” she said.
One day, I was walking home from school when I heard 45 behind me. “There is the little fool’s sister. Does your sister wet her pants too?” I walked 46 and then I felt a stone 47 me in the back. When I got home, I ran down to my sister’s room.
I pushed my way into her room, 48 at her. “Why do you have to be that girl’s friend? I don’t see anyone else being 49 to her.” Janelle yelled back, “Because she is a wonderful person and she’s 50!” I will 51 remember those words as long as I live. Theresa 52 her pants because she has an 53, which was killing her. My sister was the 54 one nice enough to be her friend and stick up for her. A few months later, Theresa 55.
I felt 56 that Janelle was my sister. Throughout the years I 57 her, and she always made friends with everyone. It didn’t 58 whether they were fat, thin, brilliant or not. She never left anyone feeling isolated or 59. It was she who changed me and taught me we should 60 look at anyone in the same way again.
The Internet is an amazing information resource. Students, teachers, and researchers use it as 61 investigative tool. ，Journalists use it to find 62 (inform) for stories. Doctors use it to learn more about unfamiliar diseases and the 63 (late) medical development. Ordinary people use it for shopping, banking, bill-paying, and 64 (communicate) with family and friends. People all over the world use it to connect with individuals from 65 (differ) countries and cultures. However, 66 there are many positive developments 67(associate) with the Internet, there are also certain fears and concerns. One concern relates to a lack of control over 68 appears on the Internet. With television and radio there are editors to check the accuracy or appropriateness of the content of programs, and with television there are restrictions on what kinds of programs can 69 (broadcast) and at what times of the day. With the Internet, parents cannot check a published guide to determine what is suitable 70 their children to see.
As it is known to us all, English is international language. It’s necessary andgood for us to learn English.
First,learning English can help express ourself in different ways. We learn new words and grammar, that makes it possible for us to learn some new language well in the future. Second, learning English do good to us, and can open the door for another culture. However, we will be able to understand its culture when learned English. Last, learning English allows us to make a lot of friends. We communicate with many people in English on many occasions.
I true believe that we should learn English well. The harder you work, the better you will learn it.
I’m glad that you have joined the ChineseLearning Group in your school.