• 英语 武汉市2017年高三第一次模拟考试
简答题(综合题) 本大题共95分。简答应写出文字说明、证明过程或演算步骤。
1

阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C和 D)中,选出最佳选项。

A

Look at the following three special animals.

DOGS DRIVE CAR

Auckland, New Zealand

After two months of learning, Monty, and Porter were able to drive an automobile around a racetrack. “We wanted to prove how smart rescue dogs are,” animal behaviorist Mark Vette says. Vette first used voice commands and treats to teach the dogs how to turn a steering wheel and how to change gear(换挡).

The dogs’ ride only accelerated up to 7.5 miles an hour, and trainers could stop the auto using a remote control.

GOLDEN ZEBRA

Kailua-Kona, Hawaii

Zoe the zebra’s markings are special. The animal has white and golden stripes. Zoe’s appearance results from a rare condition called amelanosis(黑素缺失症). Her body doesn’t make enough melanin, the substance in an animal’s skin and hair cells that produces color. “Only 25 other golden zebras are known to exist in the world,” says Ann Goody, who runs the wildlife refuge where Zoe lives. In the wild, life may be difficult for animals with amelanosis because predators(捕猎者) can easily spot them. But Zoe is protected at her refuge.

COCKATOO MAKES TOOLS

Vienna, Austria

When Figaro the cockatoo spots food lying just out of reach from his cage, he builds a tiny wooden tool to sweep the tasty prize in his way.

The bird first revealed his talent when a stone he was playing with rolled out of his cage. The cockatoo couldn’t reach the stone. So he flew away and returned with a small branch, slipping it through the fence to slide the stone toward him.

Wondering if he would do it again, scientists placed a nut exactly where the stone had been. This time, Figaro pulled out a small piece of wood in his cage and dragged the nut toward him.

21. If Zoe the zebra is set free in the wild, she will _____ .

Ameet no natural predators

Bnot get along with other zebras

Cmanage to make enough melanin

Dbe easily found for her appearance

22. What’s special about Figaro the cockatoo?

AHe’s particular about his food.

BHe’s good at drawing support from outside forces.

CHe’s extremely fond of stones.

DHe can tell the difference between stones and nuts.

23. What is the text mainly about?

AAmazing animals.

BWays to help animals.

CAnimals’ unique talents.

DTips on training animals.

分值: 6分 查看题目解析 >
1

B

Well-known Chinese writer, literary translator and foreign literature researcher Yang Jiang died at the age of 105 in Beijing on 25 May, 2016.

Yang, the wife of late Chinese novelist Qian Zhongshu, enjoyed decades of fame across the country for her literature works such as Six Chapters from My Life “Downunder”(1981), Baptism(1988), and We Three(2004), which recalls her husband and her daughter Qian Yuan(1937-1997) who died of cancer one year before her father’s death. Her translation of the Spanish novel Don Quixote de la Mancha 《堂吉诃德》 is widely considered the best Chinese version so far.

Yang Jiang, whose original name was Yang Jikang, was born in Beijing and grew up in Suzhou, East China’s Jiangsu province. She got her master’s degree in foreign languages and literature at Tsinghua University, where she met her husband Qian Zhongshu, whose later work, the satirical novel Fortress Besieged 《围城》 is famous around the world. The couple married in 1935 and during 1935 to 1938, they went to Oxford University for further study. They returned to China in 1938 and both of them went into academia (学术界) and made important contributions to the development of Chinese culture. Yang and Qian were known for having the perfect love story in Chinese literary circles. Qian once commented that Yang was “the most virtuous wife and most talented lady”. Apart from her own achievements in literature, she made a great contribution to Qian’s works after his death. More than 70,000 letters and drafts by her husband were collected by her for the publication Qian Zhongshu’s Manuscript Collection in 2003.

Yang loved reading and encouraged the younger generation to read more books. She donated millions of yuan that she earned through sales of her works to Tsinghua University and set up the “Love Reading” scholarship in the name of her family after her husband and daughter passed away.

【语篇导读】本篇文章是说明文,属于人物传记类,主要介绍中国著名作家,文学翻译和外国文学研究者Yang Jiang的一些信息。

24. Which of the following literature works is NOT written by Yang Jiang?

A Six Chapters from My life “Downunder”.

BBaptism.

CWe Three.

DDon Quixote de la Mancha.

25. She donated millions of yuan to Tsinghua University and set up the “Love Reading” scholarship to show .

Aher great achievement in national literature

Bher deep love for students in Tsinghua University

Cher encouragement for the younger generation to read more books

Dher missing for her husband and daughter

26. What did YangJiang do after Qian Zhongshu died?

AShe went to Oxford University for further study.

BShe returned to China and went into academia.

CShe collected more than 70,000 letters and drafts by her husband.

DShe got her master’s degree in foreign languages.

27. What’s the best title of this passage?

AYang Jiang, Chinese writer died at 105.

BYoung people should read more books.

CYang Jiang and her husband.

DYang Jiang’s works.

分值: 8分 查看题目解析 >
1

C

We are all called upon to make a speech at some point in life, but most of us don’t do a very good job. This article gives some suggestions on how to give an effective speech.

So, you have to give a speech—and you’re terrified. You get nervous, you forget what you want to say, you stumble(结巴)over words, you talk too long, and you bore your audience. Later you think, “Thank goodness, it’s over. I’m just not good at public speaking. I hope I never have to do that again.”

Cheer up! It doesn’t have to be that bad. Here are some simple steps to take the pain out of speech making. Ask yourself the purpose of your speech. What is the occasion? Why are you speaking? Then, gather as many facts as you can on your subject. Spend plenty of time doing your research. Then spend plenty of time organizing your material so that your speech is clear and easy to follow. Use as many examples as possible, and use pictures, charts, and graphs if they will help you make your points more clearly. Never forget your audience. Don’t talk over their heads, and don’t talk down to them. Treat your audience with respect. They will appreciate your thoughtfulness.

Just remember: be prepared. Know your subject, your audience, and the occasion. Be brief. Say what you have to say and then stop. And be yourself. Let your personality come through so that you make person-to-person contact with your audience.

If you follow these simple steps, you’ll see that you don’t have to be afraid of public speaking. In fact, you may find the experience so enjoyable that you volunteer to make more speeches! You’re not convinced yet? Give it a try and see what happens.

【语篇导读】本篇文章是说明文,属于日常生活类,主要介绍一些如何做好演讲的的建议。

28. Which of the statements is true?

AMany people hope they never make a speech.

BSpending plenty of time organizing your subject is unnecessary

CYou can ignore your audience during your speech.

DBeing prepared can help you make a good speech.

29. What does paragraph 2 tell the readers?

Amany people have the skills on how to give a speech

Bmany people bore their audience during their speech

Cmany people prepare for a speech

Dmany people are afraid of giving a speech

30. The underlined “talk over their heads” refers to .

Aspeak too slowly

Blook at the ceiling

Cspeak too difficultly

Dspeak too easily

31. The main idea of this article is that .

AIt is difficult to make a speech

Bspeech takes places often

CYou should talk too long

DYou can improve your speech ability

分值: 8分 查看题目解析 >
1

D

It’s amazing that children have their own rules in playing games. They seldom need a referee (裁判) and rarely trouble to keep scores. They don’t care much about who wins or loses, and it doesn’t seem to worry them if the game is not finished. Yet, they like games that depend a lot on luck, so that their personal abilities cannot be directly compared. They also enjoy games that move in stages, in which each stage, the choosing of leaders, the picking-up of sides, or the determining of which side shall start, is almost a game in itself.
  Grown-ups can hardly find children’s game exciting, and they often feel puzzled at why their kids play such simple game again and again. However, it is found that a child plays games for very important reasons. He can be a good player without having to think whether he is a popular person, and he can find himself being a useful partner to someone of whom he is afraid. He becomes a leader when it comes to his turn. He can be confident, too, in particular games, that it is his place to give orders, to pretend to be dead, to throw a ball actually at someone, or to kiss someone he has caught.
  It appears to us that when children play a game they imagine a situation under their control. Everyone knows the rules, and more importantly, everyone plays according to the rules. Those rules may be childish, but they make sure that every child has a chance to win.

【语篇导读】本文是一篇说明文,说明孩子为什么喜欢乐此不疲地玩游戏。并说明玩游戏是对孩子有益的。

32.Which statement is true about children when they play games? 

AThey don’t care about whether the game is finished or not. 

BThey can test their personal abilities.

CThey want to pick a better team.  

DThey don’t need rules.

33. With the purpose of becoming a leader in a game, the child has to _________.

Abe a useful partner

Bwait for his turn

Cbe confident in himself 

Dbe popular among his playmates

34.The reason why a child likes playing games is that_________.

Ahe can be more than himself.

Bhe can become popular among friends.

Che finds he is always lucky in games.

Dhe likes the place where he plays a game.

35.The best title for this passage is________.

APlaying Games Does Little Good to Children. 

B Advantages of Playing Games for Children

CReasons for Children’s Games 

DHow to Be a Popular Game Player

分值: 8分 查看题目解析 >
1

根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项,选项中有两项为多余选项。

There are some major benefits to having confidence, and there are proven methods to boost it. There’s a saying that “confidence breeds success.” But does it? 36 Let’s take a look at how to get there.。

1. Give yourself a quick confidence boost by striking a “power pose”.

Try this: Next time you’re feelingnervous about something—like a job interview, for example—try taking a coupleminutes right before and adopting this pose: Stand straight up, push yourshoulders back and chest out, and place your hands on your hips. Studies haveshown that this pose can lead to a short-term increase in confidence andreduction in stress. How does this work? “ 37 ” said Harvard BusinessSchool social psychologist Amy Cuddy in a 2012 TED Global talk.

2. Convince yourself you have the ability to improve.

Now, this sounds like one of those“easier said than done” type suggestions, but it’s actually not.  38 You can’t change your eye color or yourheight, for example, but you can change your physical strength throughtraining. 39 Is your goal to become a better public speaker? That’ssomething you can improve upon. A better interviewer? That’s a skill that canbe developed. Have more upper body strength? With training, that’s possible,too. What you’ll find is that there are very few things in life trulyunchangeable. We all have our own limitations, but as long as we can remindourselves that we’re not stuck, we have motivation to change ourselves.

3.  40 

You’re going to fail, and that’s agiven. What matters much more than whether or not you fail is how you react tothat setback. Do you get up? Do you regroup, come up with a new strategy, andtry again? Or do you just throw it the towel? If we can learn to fail, we canlearn to succeed.

A.As long as you work hard, you can improve your ability.

B.Fail. Get up. Try again. Repeat.

C.Our bodies change our minds.

D.Confidence can play a big role in how much success you experience in your life.

E.Ask yourself if your goal is something you have the power to improve upon.

F.Everyone wants to succeed without efforts.

G.Think about the things in your life you can’t change and those you can.



36.

37.

38.

39.

40.

分值: 10分 查看题目解析 >
1

第一节 完形填空(共20小题;每小题1.5分,满分30分)

阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的四个选项(A、B、C和D)中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。

The first full choir rehearsal(彩排)of the school year took place in the school hall. All the students 41 together to sing. I watched as my elder sister and her grade came in and took their 42 next to us on the stage., Meanwhile, I could hear laughing. Some students were pointing at a girl standing next to my sister. I had never seen this girl before. A girl 43 in my ear, “Did you know she’s wearing diapers(纸尿裤)?”

After school that evening, I asked my sister 44 the girl I had seen. She told me her name was Theresa and that she was a very nice girl. “Why were those kids being mean to her?” I asked. “Because they are stupid,” she said.

One day, I was walking home from school when I heard 45 behind me. “There is the little fool’s sister. Does your sister wet her pants too?” I walked 46 and then I felt a stone 47 me in the back. When I got home, I ran down to my sister’s room.

I pushed my way into her room, 48 at her. “Why do you have to be that girl’s friend? I don’t see anyone else being 49 to her.” Janelle yelled back, “Because she is a wonderful person and she’s 50!” I will 51 remember those words as long as I live. Theresa 52 her pants because she has an 53, which was killing her. My sister was the 54 one nice enough to be her friend and stick up for her. A few months later, Theresa 55.

I felt 56 that Janelle was my sister. Throughout the years I 57 her, and she always made friends with everyone. It didn’t 58 whether they were fat, thin, brilliant or not. She never left anyone feeling isolated or 59. It was she who changed me and taught me we should 60 look at anyone in the same way again.

【语篇导读】本文是一篇记叙文,讲述了姐姐对患病朋友的真心,也让作者懂得了要平等对待他人,不要嘲笑他人,与孤独的人做朋友。

41.

Ajoined

Bcompared

Cconnected

DExpected

42.

Asituations

Bconditions

Cplaces

Daltitudes

43.

Aglared

Bwhispered

Cthought

Dheard

44.

Afrom

Balong

Cbehind

Dabout

45.

Anoises

Bcries

Csongs

Dvoices

46.

Afaster

Bslowly

Chappily

Dsadly

47.

Ahit

Bdestroyed

Chanded

Ddropped

48.

Apointing

Bscreaming

Claughing

Dshowing

49.

Aunfriendly

Bsimilar

Cnice

Dthankful

50.

Acrying

Bsinging

Ccheering

Ddying

51.

Arapidly

Bclearly

Cnearly

Durgently

52.

Abroke

Bmade

Cwet

Drepaired

53.

Aidea

Billness

Cimagination

Dimitation

54.

Asame

Bgood

Conly

Dspecial

55.

Awent through

Bput forward

Cthrew away

Dpassed away

56.

Ashamed

Bshocked

Cconcerned

Dproud

57.

Awatched

Bappreciated

Cannoyed

Dsupported

58.

Amatter

Bwork

Cuse

Doperate

59.

Asuitable

Buseful

Calone

Dhopeful

60.

Agradually

Bnever

Cfinally

Dsimply

分值: 30分 查看题目解析 >
1

第二节 (共10小题;每小题1.5分,满分15分)

阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当的内容(1个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式。

The Internet is an amazing information resource. Students, teachers, and researchers use it as 61 investigative tool. ,Journalists use it to find 62 (inform) for stories. Doctors use it to learn more about unfamiliar diseases and the 63 (late) medical development. Ordinary people use it for shopping, banking, bill-paying, and 64 (communicate) with family and friends. People all over the world use it to connect with individuals from 65 (differ) countries and cultures. However, 66 there are many positive developments 67(associate) with the Internet, there are also certain fears and concerns. One concern relates to a lack of control over 68 appears on the Internet. With television and radio there are editors to check the accuracy or appropriateness of the content of programs, and with television there are restrictions on what kinds of programs can  69 (broadcast) and at what times of the day. With the Internet, parents cannot check a published guide to determine what is suitable 70 their children to see.

【语篇导读】本文是一篇议论文,论述了网络的利弊,例如,网络可以方便人们购物, 存款,付款,但同时出现在网络上的东西也会不受限制,对孩子们的影响也很大.

61.

62.

63.

64.

65.

66.

67.

68.

69.

70.

分值: 15分 查看题目解析 >
1
false

71.短文改错(共10小题;每小题1分,满分10分)

假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中共有10处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。

增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧)并在其下面写出该加的词。

删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。

修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。

注意:1、每处错误及其修改均仅限一词; 2、只允许修改10处,多者(从第11处起)不计分。

As it is known to us all, English is international language. It’s necessary andgood for us to learn English.

First,learning English can help express ourself in different ways. We learn new words and grammar, that makes it possible for us to learn some new language well in the future. Second, learning English do good to us, and can open the door for another culture. However, we will be able to understand its culture when learned English. Last, learning English allows us to make a lot of friends. We communicate with many people in English on many occasions.

I true believe that we should learn English well. The harder you work, the better you will learn it.

【语篇导读】本文是一篇议论文,学习英语对我们的好处,例如,可以用不同语言表达自己,其次,了解外国的文化,最后,能够交到更多朋友。

72.书面表达(满分25分)

假设你是李华,你的美国笔友Tom 来中国后参加了他学校的汉语学习小组,但是由于感觉学习汉语很困难,他打算退出。请你根据以下要点用英语给他写一封信。

内容包括:1.劝他不要放弃。2.就汉语学习给他提一些建议。

注意:1.字数在100词左右。2.可适当增加细节,以使行文流畅。

Dear Tom,

I’m glad that you have joined the ChineseLearning Group in your school.

________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

                                               Yours,

                                               Li Hua 

分值: 10分 查看题目解析 >
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