Tonight’s “Tech Live” tells the story of Gigabyte, a young kickboxer and virus writer. She can kick you in the pants and wipe your hard drive cleaner than a dog’s dinner plate.
“I’ll just shoot you from behind,” I say, carrying my TV camera. It’s almost time for the 6:00 p.m. kickboxing class, and Gigabyte is the only woman learner there. She’s also something of a virus-writing genius, having started programming at age six. “I figured out how to write a few lines of code on my uncle’s Commodore 64,” says Gigabyte, who has just recently celebrated her 18th birthday. At age fourteen, she wrote her first computer worm, which took over the shutdown screens of infected users. Two years later, she wrote another powerful virus that damages MP3 files. And recently she has become the second person to write a virus in C# (pronounced “C sharp”). Her so-called “Sharpei” worm, which comes in an email attachment, infects certain files in computers.
“Virus writing is so aggressive, and most reasonable people consider it an act of vandalism(蓄意破坏), or at least potential vandalism,” I say. “That’s not my problem. The users are running the virus. They are the ones clicking on it,” she says.
“So you really think the people who execute(运行) these programs are responsible for the damage that your viruses do?” I ask. “Actually,” she says, “I think many people should have to have some sort of license to get on the Internet.” Gigabyte is quick to remind visitors that she never releases her viruses into the wild. Instead, she sends them to antivirus companies, hoping for the kind of affirmation(确认) that only comes with “high-risk”. But she also has posted her viruses on her homepage, meaning anyone else could release them. “That’s not my problem,” she says. “When people make guns, can you blame them when somebody kills somebody else with the guns? I only write them; I don’t release them. I do want to work with computers for a living, but not with an antivirus company.”
1. How old was Gigabyte when she wrote her first computer virus?
2. How does Gigabyte’s Sharpei worm spread from one computer to another?
3. What is the author’s attitude to virus writing?
4. Which of the following statements is WRONG according to the passage?
Scientists say new man-made materials equipped with sensors could turn bandages into a valuable tool for health care workers.
Simple bandages are easy to use, covering up the damaged skin and giving it time to heal. Scientists are now developing bandages with technology currently used in popular wearable devices, such as smart watches and fitness trackers. They have begun adding small sensors of all kinds to bandages and making them more sensitive. Scientists are also making new materials called hydrogels(水凝胶). Hydrogels resemble human skin. Researchers at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology have found a way to combine these two technologies. They created a stretchy polymer（聚合物）with firmness similar to human soft tissue. The new combination product has titanium wires that lie in a zig-zag, or “z”-shaped design. The wires, connected to electronic sensors, stretch easily without breaking contact with the sensors.
Xuanhe Zhao, an associate professor of Mechanical Engineering, says the researchers put electronic devices, such as sensors, into the new material. They use a different device to put medicine in the damaged skin. The resulting product becomes a kind of “smart-wound dressing” --- one that can react to changes in the skin around it.
For example, Zhao says, if there is a sudden increase in temperature, the wound will send out a command. That is when “the controlled drug delivery system can deliver a specific drug to that specific location.” LED lights in the bandage can warn patients and doctors about changes in different areas. Medication quickly spreads across the bandage, through tiny passageways so that the wound heals quickly. Zhao tells us that he and his team are working hard and hope to get to clinical tests soon. It will be some time before these smart bandages reach hospitals or drug stores. But Zhao says “I firmly believe that eventually they will have a broad application.” In the future, such products might even contain a computer chip, which would give them more power to analyze what is needed.
5. According to the passage, titanium wires _____________.
6. What do we know about smart bandages according to the passage?
7. What does the underlined “they” refer to in the last paragraph?
8. What would be the best title for the passage?
Safety and Security Procedures
Your safety and the security of your personal property are of the primary concern to those of us who welcome you as our guest. We urge you to take advantage of the following suggestions.
9．The suggestions are most probably given by ____________.
10．If you feel doubtful about a stranger who knocks at the door, you should ___________.
11．Which of the following is TRUE according to the passage?
“No pains, no gains.” gives the impression that we ought to be suffering while we study. It seems that the only way to know if we’re putting in enough work is how much hardship we bear. We are totally taken up with study, shutting ourselves away for a big exam. Is that necessarily true?
When we haven’t taken the time to come up with another idea, we just shut ourselves in a room with a book. It’s no surprise that we find revision boring and difficult. Just as children learn from playing, we can learn from doing, or at least from study techniques that interest us, rather than make us switch off. Shutting ourselves away can make us learn to hate studying, leading to a situation where instead of being able to concentrate on our work, we are troubled by how unfair it is that we must study. This can be part of a vicious cycle(恶性循环) that traps us into ineffective revision, your poor progress fueling further annoyance.
Thankfully, working in the company of other people really helps fight against that. We just need to learn how to deal with distractions. It’s not necessary to avoid all company, just idle(懒散的)company. People, who are bored and looking to be distracted, are terrible to work around. They constantly try to keep others in conversation. While studying in the same room with someone who is ironing or working out is perfectly possible. Of course, it’s also a good idea to avoid the company of people involved in activities where you would rather be playing than study. Working while sitting next to someone playing video games is most likely to end with a new high score in games rather than productive revision.
If being around others means working in a noisy environment, a pair of headphones and some background music can block out noises. They also act as a psychological barrier, so that people think twice before interrupting you. Besides, we should know friends and family can lessen feelings of isolation(孤立). And connecting with other people makes us happy, so it’s important not to give that up and to make sure that we take the time to socialize.
12. The author’s purpose in writing the text is to ___________.
13. What can we learn from the second paragraph?
14. The underlined sentence in Paragraph 3 implies that ___________.
15. If you are studying in a noisy environment, you’d better ___________.
There is an old Spanish saying which goes, “Tomorrow is often the busiest day of the week.” How many times have we put off our dreams until tomorrow? ____36____ We have to go for them now!
●Tomorrow is not promised.
Nobody likes to talk about death, but everybody is going to die at one point. ____37____ Therefore, today is all we have. Don’t go to your tomb with unrealized dreams. Make the decision to go after every dream, big or small right now.
One of the biggest dream killers is fear. Many people could have achieved amazing things if they hadn’t been afraid. Just think about all the things you wanted to do, but allowed fear to convince you that you weren’t capable, or good enough. Fear is not real. It is a product of thoughts you create. Choose not to let fear stop you from achieving your dreams.
●Take action to realize your dream.
You can dream about writing a great play, but it’s never going to happen unless you actually put pen to paper. You can dream about finding a cure for cancer, but it will never happen unless you actually become equipped with the necessary tools to find that cure. ____39____
●Possibilities are waiting for you.
There are so many amazing opportunities and people waiting for you. How do you get to them? Simple! Follow your dream. ____40____ You’ll never see those doors if you sit around waiting for a dream to happen, instead of actually working to make it happen.
I was driving home late at night ____61____ my car lost momentum(冲力) and got slower and slower. Nothing I did seemed to make any ____62____ (different). “It can’t be the fuel,” I thought. The petrol gauge(汽油量表) was showing I had plenty ____63____(leave).” Then my car died completely after I ____64____ (manage) to roll to the side of the road. It was an extremely dark, lonely country road. Neither a single person ____65____ any traffic was in sight at all. I felt like an idiot. I should not have left without charging my cell phone. The battery was dead and I was alone without any way ____66____ (contact) my family. Time dripped slowly like a leaking tap.
“God, help me!” I begged anxiously. “Is there someone who will be kind enough to stop and help me out?” ____67____, there was no sign of anyone. I was starting to panic, ____68____ (feel) completely abandoned. Suddenly I saw a faint light ____69____ the distance. I waved my white scarf as hard as possible. It was a huge lorry. The driver stopped and kindly drove me to the nearest hotel, ____70____ I had a rest, and then I called my family and explained what had happened. How lucky I was! When he stopped for me, I felt as if I had just found a million dollars.
注意：1. 每处错误及其修改仅限一词。 2. 只允许修改10处，多者（从第11处起）不计分。
Once upon a time, it was a boy whose parents named him Odd(古怪的). Other children teased him about his name but kept him at a distance, thinking that he was very strange and behaved stupid. Deeply hurt, he refused to be bothered and struggle to break away from the pain. He tried to keep people off teasing him, but in vain. People continued making fun of his name—even after he became a successful lawyer. Finally, as a old man, he wrote out his last wish, “I’ve been the butt(笑柄) of jokes all my life. I’ll let others make fun of myself after I’m gone.” He insisted his tombstone not to bear his name. After his death, people passing by noticed the largest blank stone and said loudly, “Look, that’s odd.”
阅读下面短文，从短文后各题所给的四个选项（A、 B 、C 、D）中，选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项，并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。
The train shook back and forth, its wheels making a loud noise on the tracks. Outside the window, the freezing cold of winter ruled. The carriage was filled with passengers, cold and ___41___ by the journey.
Suddenly, a little boy ___42___his way through the grown-ups’ legs and sat down by the window. Without being paid any attention to, he looked all alone among the seemingly unfriendly grown-ups. What a ___43___ child, I thought. His father ___44___ to stay by the door behind us. The train began to crawl into a tunnel. Then, unexpectedly, something very strange happened. The little boy ___45___down from his seat and leaned his hand on my knee.
___46___, I thought that he wanted to___47___ me and return to his father, so I carefully helped him to stand up. But instead, he leaned forward and held his___48___up towards me. Oh, he wanted to say something to me; I ___49___ my head to receive his message. Wrong again! What I did receive was such a ___50___kiss on the cheek that everyone could hear it.
The boy calmly returned to his seat, leaned back and continued looking out of the window. I felt ___51___. What had just happened? A child kissed a(n)___52___grown-up on the train! How could anybody want to kiss such a man that had so much beard? But that was not the end of the story. Soon enough, the boy, encouraged by something inside, went around, and all my neighbors were certainly___53___. Nervous and a little surprised, we___54___at the father. Seeing our questioning ___55___, he offered an answer as he got ready for his stop. “My boy is so happy to be alive,” the father said. “He has been very sick.” Father and son ___56___into the crowd moving toward the exit. The doors closed and the train went on. On my cheek I can still ___57___ the child’s kiss — a kiss that has triggered (触发) some soul searching inside me. “How many ___58___ kissing each other for the joy of being alive like the boy? How many even give much thought to the privilege of ___59___?”
The little kisser taught us a sweet but serious lesson: be careful; don’t let yourself ___60___before your heart stops!