• 2020年高考真题 英语 (新高考I卷)
阅读理解 本大题共3小题,每小题2.5分,共7.5分。阅读短文,完成下列小题。



Write a poem about how courage, determination, and strengthhave helped you face challenges in your life.


3 Grand Prizes:Tripto Washington, D.C. for each of three winners, a parent and one other person ofthe winner’s choice. Trip includes round-trip air tickets, hotel stay for twonights, and tours of the National Air and Space Museum and the office ofNational Geographic World.

6 First Prizes:Thebook Sky Pioneer:A Photobiography of Amelia Earhartsigned by author Corinne Szabo and pilot Linda Finch.

50 HonorableMentions:Judges will choose up to 50 honorablemention winners, who will each receive a T-shirt in memory of Earhart’s finalflight.


Follow all rules carefully to prevent disqualification.

■Write a poem using 100 words or fewer. Your poem can be anyformat, any number of lines.

■Write by hand or type on a single sheet of paper. You mayuse both the front and back of the paper.

■On the same sheet of paper, write or type your name,address, telephone number, and birth date.

■Mail your entry tous by October 31 this year. 

1. How many people can each grand prize winner take on the free trip?





2. What will each of the honorable mention winners get?

AA plane ticket.

BA book by Corinne Szabo.

CA special T-shirt.

DA photo of Amelia Earhart.

3. Which of the following will result in disqualification?

ATyping your poem out.

BWriting a poem of 120 words.

CUsing both sides of the paper.

DMailing your entry on October 30.

分值: 7.5分 查看题目解析 >
阅读理解 本大题共4小题,每小题2.5分,共10分。阅读短文,完成下列小题。


Jenifer Mauer has needed more willpower than the typical college student to pursue her goal of earning a nursing degree. That willpower bore fruit when Jennifer graduated from University of Wisconsin-Eau Claire and became the first in her large family to earn a bachelor’s degree.

Mauer, of Edgar, Wisconsin, grew up on a farm in a family of 10 children. Her dad worked at a job away from the farm, and her mother ran the farm with the kids. After high school, Jennifer attended a local technical college, working to pay her tuition(学费), because there was no extra money set aside for a college education. After graduation, she worked to help her sisters and brothers pay for their schooling.

Jennifer now is married and has three children of her own. She decided to go back to college to advance her career and to be able to better support her family while doing something she loves: nursing. She chose the UW-Eau Claire program at Ministry Saint Joseph’s Hospital in Marshfield because she was able to pursue her four-year degree close to home. She could drive to class and be home in the evening to help with her kids. Jennifer received great support from her family as she worked to earn her degree: Her husband worked two jobs to cover the bills, and her 68-year-old mother helped take care of the children at times.

Through it all, she remained in good academic standing and graduated with honors. Jennifer sacrificed(牺牲)to achieve her goal, giving up many nights with her kids and missing important events to study. “Some nights my heart was breaking to have to pick between my kids and studying for exams or papers,” she says. However, her children have learned an important lesson witnessing their mother earn her degree. Jennifer is a first-generation graduate and an inspiration to her family — and that’s pretty powerful.

4. What did Jennifer do after high school?

AShe helped her dad with his work.

BShe ran the family farm on her own.

CShe supported herself through college.

DShe taught her sisters and brothers at home.

5. Why did Jennifer choose the program at Ministry Saint Joseph’s Hospital in Marshfield?

ATo take care of her kids easily.

BTo learn from the best nurses.

CTo save money for her parents.

DTo find a well-paid job there.

6. What did Jennifer sacrifice to achieve her goal?

AHer health.

BHer time with family.

CHer reputation.

DHer chance of promotion.

7. What can we learn from Jenifer’s story?

ATime is money.

BLove breaks down barriers.

CHard work pays off.

DEducation is the key to success.

分值: 10分 查看题目解析 >
阅读理解 本大题共4小题,每小题2.5分,共10分。阅读短文,完成下列小题。


In the mid-1990s, Tom Bissell taught English as a volunteer in Uzbekistan. He left after seven months, physically broken and having lost his mind. A few years later, still attracted to the country, he returned to Uzbekistan to write an article about the disappearance of the Aral Sea.

His visit, however, ended up involving a lot more than that. Hence this book, Chasing the Sea: Lost Among the Ghosts of Empire in Central Asia, which talks about a road trip from Tashkent to Karakalpakstan, where millions of lives have been destroyed by the slow drying up of the sea. It is the story of an American travelling to a strange land, and of the people he meets on his way: Rustam, his translator, a lovely 24-year-old who picked up his colorful English in California, Oleg and Natasha, his hosts in Tashkent, and a string of foreign aid workers.

This is a quick look at life in Uzbekistan, made of friendliness and warmth, but also its darker side of society. In Samarkand, Mr Bissell admires the architectural wonders, while on his way to Bukhara he gets a taste of police methods when suspected of drug dealing. In Ferghana, he attends a mountain funeral(葬礼)followed by a strange drinking party. And in Karakalpakstan, he is saddened by the dust storms, diseases and fishing boats stuck miles from the sea.

Mr Bissell skillfully organizes historical insights and cultural references, making his tale a well-rounded picture of Uzbekistan, seen from Western eyes. His judgment and references are decidedly American, as well as his delicate stomach. As the author explains, this is neither a travel nor a history book, or even a piece of reportage. Whatever it is, the result is a fine and vivid description of the purest of Central Asian traditions.

8. What made Mr Bissell return to Uzbekistan?

AHis friends’ invitation.

BHis interest in the country.

CHis love for teaching.

DHis desire to regain health.

9. What does the underlined word “that” in paragraph 2 refer to?

ADeveloping a serious mental disease.

BTaking a guided tour in Central Asia.

CWorking as a volunteer in Uzbekistan.

DWriting an article about the Aral Sea.

10. Which of the following best describes Mr Bissell’s road trip in Uzbekistan?





11. What is the purpose of this text?

ATo introduce a book.

BTo explain a cultural phenomenon.

CTo remember a writer.

DTo recommend a travel destination.

分值: 10分 查看题目解析 >
阅读理解 本大题共4小题,每小题2.5分,共10分。阅读短文,完成下列小题。


According to a recent study in the Journal of Consumer Research, both the size and consumption habits of our eating companions can influence our food intake. And contrary to existing research that says you should avoid eating with heavier people who order large portions(份), it’s the beanpoles with big appetites you really need to avoid.

To test the effect of social influence on eating habits, the researchers conducted two experiments. In the first, 95 undergraduate women were individually invited into a lab to ostensibly(表面上)participate in a study about movie viewership. Before the film began, each woman was asked to help herself to a snack. An actor hired by the researchers grabbed her food first. In her natural state, the actor weighed 105 pounds. But in half the cases she wore a specially designed fat suit which increased her weight to 180 pounds.

Both the fat and thin versions of the actor took a large amount of food. The participants followed suit, taking more food than they normally would have. However, they took significantly more when the actor was thin.

For the second test, in one case the thin actor took two pieces of candy from the snack bowls. In the other case, she took 30 pieces. The results were similar to the first test: the participants followed suit but took significantly more candy when the thin actor took 30 pieces.

The tests show that the social environment is extremely influential when we’re making decisions. If this fellow participant is going to eat more, so will I. Call it the “I’ll have what she’s having” effect. However, we’ll adjust the influence. If an overweight person is having a large portion, I’ll hold back a bit because I see the results of his eating habits. But if a thin person eats a lot, I’ll follow suit. If he can eat much and keep slim, why can’t I?

12. What is the recent study mainly about?

AFood safety.

BMovie viewership.

CConsumer demand.

DEating behavior.

13. What does the underlined word "beanpoles" in paragraph 1 refer to?

ABig eaters.

BOverweight persons.

CPicky eaters.

DTall thin persons.

14. Why did the researchers hire the actor?

ATo see how she would affect the participants.

BTo test if the participants could recognize her.

CTo find out what she would do in the two tests.

DTo study why she could keep her weight down.

15. On what basis do we "adjust the influence" according to the last paragraph?

AHow hungry we are.

BHow slim we want to be.

CHow we perceive others.

DHow we feel about the food.

分值: 10分 查看题目解析 >
简答题(综合题) 本大题共15分。简答应写出文字说明、证明过程或演算步骤。

第二部分 语言运用(共两节,满分30分)



Molai grew up in a tiny village in India. The village lay near some wetlands which became his second   21  . He learned the value and beauty of         22   there from a very young age.

When he was 16, Molai began to notice something   23   happening around his home. A flood had hit the area earlier that year and the   24   it caused had driven away a number of birds.   25  , the number of snakes had declined as well. He   26   that it was because there weren’t enough trees to protect them from the   27  . The solution, of course, was to plant trees so the animals could seek   28   during the daytime. He turned to the   29   department for help but was told that nothing would grow there. However, Molai went looking on his own and   30   a nearby island where he began to plant trees.

  31   young plants in the dry season was         32   for a lone boy. Molai built at the   33   of each sapling(幼树)a bamboo platform, where he placed earthen pots with small holes to   34   rainwater. The water would then drip(滴落)on the plants below.

Molai   35   to plant trees for the next 37 years, His efforts have resulted in 1,360 acres of naturally-grown land that has become home to many plants and animals.



































































Acool down

Bkeep off








分值: 15分 查看题目解析 >
语法填空 本大题共10小题,每小题undefined分,共NaN分。把答案填写在题中横线上。

第二节(共10小题:每小题1. 5分, 满分15分)

阅读下面短文, 在空白处填入1个适当的单词或括号内单词的正确形式。

Many people have the hobby of collecting things, e.g. stamps, postcards or antiques. In the 18th and 19th centuries,   36  (wealth)people travelled and collected plants, historical objects and works of art. They kept their collection at home until it got too big   37   until they died, and then it was given to a museum. The 80,000 objects collected by Sir Hans Sloane, for example,        38    (form)the core collection of the British Museum   39   opened in 1759.

The parts of a museum open to the public    40    (call)galleries or rooms. Often, only a small part of a museum’s collection   41  (be)on display. Most of it is stored away or used for research.

Many museums are lively places and they attract a lot of visitors. As well as looking at exhibits, visitors can play with computer simulations(模拟)and imagine   42  (they) living at a different time in history or   43   (walk)through a rainforest. At the Jorvik Centre in York, the city’s Viking settlement is recreated, and people experience the sights, sounds and smells of the old town. Historical   44  (accurate)is important but so is entertainment. Museums must compete   45   people’s spare time and money with other amusements. Most museums also welcome school groups and arrange special activities for children.

分值: 15分 查看题目解析 >
补全信息 本大题共5小题,每小题undefined分,共NaN分。把答案填写在题中横线上。

第二节(共5小题:每小题2. 5分, 满分12. 5分)

阅读下面短文, 从短文后的选项中选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余选项。

Some individuals are born with a gift for public speaking.   16   Do you want to be a good public speaker? Here are some principles you must master.

People want to listen to someone who is interesting, relaxed and comfortable. Too often, when you stand up to give a speech, you focus on the “public” at the expense of the “speaking.”   17   Focus on the speaking. Talk directly to your audience, be yourself and make a connection.

Even the most successful public speaker will make mistakes. Yet, the only one who cares about any mistake is the one who is speaking. People’s attention wanders constantly. In fact, most people only absorb about 20 percent of a speaker’s message. So, don’t stop speaking when you make a mistake unless it’s a truly serious one.   18 

Your goal is not to be a perfect public speaker.   19   And like everything else in life, that takes practice. Remember, even world champion athletes practice their skills on a consistent basis.

  20   It’s rare to hear someone say, “I wish that speaker had spoken longer.” On the other hand, you probably can’t count the times that you’ve thought, “I’m glad that talk is over. It seemed to go on forever!” So surprise your audience. Always make your presentation just a bit shorter than anticipated. It’s better to leave your listeners wishing for more than shifting restlessly in their seats waiting for your speech finally to end.

ADo the opposite.

BYou want to be an effective public speaker.

CYou don’t need to apologize for a minor slip.

DWhen it comes to public speaking, less is usually more.

EThe objective of most speeches is to benefit the audience.

FTake the fear out of public speaking by focusing on your listeners.

GHowever, the majority of people are effective speakers because they train to be.

分值: 12.5分 查看题目解析 >
书面表达 本大题共40分。

第三部分  写作(共两节, 满分40分)



1. 参加人员:

2. 跑步路线:从校门口到南山脚下:

3. 活动反响。


1. 写作词数应为80左右:

2. 请按如下格式在答题卡的相应位置作答。

A  Cross-Country Running Race







The Meredith family lived in a small community. As theeconomy was in decline, some people in the town had lost their jobs. Many oftheir families were struggling to make ends meet. People were trying to helpeach other meet the challenges.

Mrs. Meredith was a most kind and thoughtful woman. She spenta great deal of time visiting the poor. She knew they had problems, and theyneeded all kinds of help. When she had time, she would bring food and medicineto them.

One morning she told her children about a family she hadvisited the day before. There was a man sick in bed, his wife, who took care ofhim and could not go out to work, and their little boy. The little boy — hisname was Bernard — had interested her very much.

“I wish you could see him,” she said to her own children, John,Harry, and Clara. “He is such a help to his mother. He wants very much to earnsome money, but I don’t see what he can do.”

After their mother left the room, the children sat thinkingabout Bernard. “I wish we could help him to earn money.” said Clara. “Hisfamily is suffering so much.”

“So do I,” said Harry. “We really should do something toassist them.”

For some moments, John said nothing, but, suddenly, he sprangto his feet and cried, “I have a great idea! I have a solution that we can allhelp accomplish(完成).”

The other children also jumped up all attention. When Johnhad an idea, it was sure to be a good one. “I tell you what we can do,” saidJohn. “You know that big box of corn Uncle John sent us?Well,we can make popcorn(爆米花), and put it into paper bags, and Bernardcan take it around to the houses and sell it.”


1. 续写词数应为150左右;

2. 请按如下格式在答题卡的相应位置作答。

When  Mrs. Meredith heard of John’s idea, she thought it was a good one, too.




With  everything ready, Bernard started out on his new business.





分值: 40分 查看题目解析 >
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