• 英语 开封市2017年高三第一次模拟考试
简答题(综合题) 本大题共24分。简答应写出文字说明、证明过程或演算步骤。
1

A

◆ Open Monday to Saturday 10:00 to 17:00 and Sunday 12:00 to 17:00. Last admissions at 16:30 each day.

◆ Personal Admission: Adults,£5; Seniors/Students,£4.

◆ Group Admission (Ten or more): Adults£4.5 per person; Students/Seniors£3.50 per person.

◆ Payment for groups must be made together.

Welcome to the James Joyce Centre

The James Joyce Centre is to promote an understanding of the life and works of James Joyce. In doing so, the Centre tries to work with institutions to celebrate Ireland’s rich cultural heritage (遗产). The James Joyce Centre provides the casual visitor with a rewarding and memorable experience.

The Centre’s home is a restored 18th century townhouse in the north of Dublin, the city of Joyce’s birth and the setting for all his works. From this central place in Joyce’s heartland, the Centre aims to develop an appreciation of this most remarkable and significant literary figure of the 20th century.

No. 35 North Great George’s Street was built in 1784 and decorated with fine plasterwork (灰泥) by Michael Stapleton. The house was restored in the 1980s and opened as the James Joyce Centre in 1996, run by members of Joyce’s sister’s family.

The Kenmare Room is used for lectures and has a small show of reproductions of Joyce family pictures. In addition, this room provides details of Joyce’s life and times, a reading table where visitors can sit and read works by and about Joyce, and a show of some of the many translations of Joyce’s works.

Exhibitions

The centre’s permanent and temporary exhibitions show various aspects of Joyce’s life and work. Through shows and three films, you may dig into the novel about its historical background and learn more about Joyce’s life. The Centre also hosts International Joyce, an exhibition that provides a wonderful introduction to the life and works of James Joyce.

Walking Tours

Our walking tours are available every Saturday at 11 am and 2 pm, and by advanced booking on Tuesdays and Thursdays at 11 am and 2 pm (with at least four people). Adults£10; Seniors/Students£8. For bookings, contact info@jamesoyce.ie. We look forward to your visit.

【语篇导读】本文是一篇说明文。该文章首先介绍了James Joyce 中心的营业及收费情况,然后介绍了该中心内的陈列情况及其相关历史背景,最后介绍了关于James Joyce的展品。

21. According to the text, the James Joyce Centre ________.

Ahas a history of about 30 years

Bis run by Dublin’s government

Cis on the North Great George’s Street

Dhas been well protected since its construction

22. It can be inferred from the text that in the James Joyce Centre, you can _______.

Asee some movies about James Joyce

Blisten to James Joyce’s lectures

Clearn every event of James Joyce’s times

Dhave the walking tours by yourself

23. What is the main purpose of the text?

ATo comment on the James Joyce Centre.

BTo tell the history of the James Joyce Centre.

CTo briefly introduce the James Joyce Centre.

DTo attract potential tourists to the James Joyce Centre.

分值: 6分 查看题目解析 >
1

B

Gwendolyn Brooks was the first African American to win a Pulitzer Prize for Literature. Gwendolyn Brooks wrote hundreds of poems during her lifetime. She was known around the world for using poetry to increase understanding about black culture in America.

Her poems described conditions among the poor, racial inequality and drug use in the black community. She also wrote poems about the struggles of black women. But her skill was more than her ability to write about struggling black people. She was an expert at the language of poetry. She combined traditional European poetry styles with the African American experience.

In her early poetry, Gwendolyn Brooks wrote about the South Side of Chicago. The South Side of Chicago is where many black people live. In her poems, the South Side is called Bronzeville. It was “A Street in Bronzeville” that gained the attention of literary experts in 1945. Critics praised her poetic skill and her powerful descriptions of the black experience during the time. The Bronzeville poems were her first published collection.

In 1950, Gwendolyn Brooks became the first African American to win the Pulitzer Prize for Literature. She won the prize for her second book of poems called “Annie Allen.” “Annie Allen” is a collection of poetry about the life of a Bronzeville girl as a daughter, a wife and mother. She experiences loneliness, loss, death and being poor. Ms. Brooks said that winning the prize changed her life.

Her next work was a novel written in 1953 called “Maud Martha.” “Maud Martha” received little notice when it was first published. But now it is considered an important work by some critics. Its main ideas about the difficult life of many women are popular among female writers today.

In some of her poems, Gwendolyn Brooks described how what people see in life is affected by who they are. One example is this poem, “Corners on the Curing Sky”.

By the end of the 1960s, Gwendolyn Brooks’s poetry expanded from the everyday experiences of people in Bronzeville. She wrote about a wider world and dealt with important political issues.

【语篇导读】本文是一篇人物传记。该文章主要讲述了第一位获得普利策文学奖的非裔美国作家Gwendolyn Brooks的写作生涯,她用诗歌描述黑人的生活,增加了人们对黑人文化的理解。她主要有三部作品,凭借第二部获得普利策文学奖,在20世界60年代,她的写作范围从布朗兹区人民的日常生活扩大到一些政治问题上。

24. What does the text mainly talk about?

AThe life of Gwendolyn Brooks.

BThe poems of Gwendolyn Brooks.

CThe understanding about black culture.

DThe struggles of black women.

25. What can we learn about Gwendolyn Brooks from the second paragraph?

AShe mainly wrote about the struggles of black women.

BShe was good at using the language of poetry.

CHer writing skills were a little worse than her ability.

DHer poems were mainly about the African experience.

26. The author develops the passage mainly by ______.

Aproviding examples

Busing statistics

Ccomparing opinions

Ddescribing her experiences

27. In the last three paragraphs, the author would most probably talk about _______.

Athe difficulties Gwendolyn Brooks would meet

Bthe poems related to political issues

Cthe awards Gwendolyn Brooks gained

Dthe racial inequality the black had to face

分值: 8分 查看题目解析 >
1

71.下面是一段短文,请你对其进行修改。文中共有10处错误,每句中最多有两处。错误涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。

增加:在缺词处加一个漏词符号(∧),并在此符号下面写出该加的词。

删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。

修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。

注意: 1 每处错误及其修改均仅限一词; 2 只允许修改10处,多者(从第11处起)不计分。

Tourism is booming in Tibet. More than 6.8 million Chinese and foreign tourists visit the region in the first half of this year. Tourism income during that period rose on to 7 billion yuan. More tourists are expected to travelling around Tibet in the second half of this year. The region is hosting the China Tibet Tourism or Culture Expo, featuring series of festivals. Currently, foreigners need a special travel permission to tour the region in addition for a Chinese visa. They have to wait for the permit patient. It is cheerful what the local authorities have promised us to shorten the time of obtaining it.

分值: 10分 查看题目解析 >
阅读理解 本大题共4小题,每小题2分,共8分。阅读短文,完成下列小题。
1

C

According to the Global Times, it is reported that two online videos showing children telling their parents “I love you” have gone viral in China. The first, filmed by an Anhui TV station, shows a number of college students telling their parents they love them. The responses are mixed. “Are you drunk?” asked one parent. In another similar video, shot by a Shanxi TV station, a father responded even less patiently — “I am going to a meeting, so cut the crap.”

Why don't Chinese families use those words? Theories revolve around the nature of Confucian teaching. “The parents' responses show that many Chinese are not good at expressing positive emotions,” Xia Xueluan, a Sociologist from Peking University, told the Global Times. “They are used to educating children with negative language.”

This isn't the first time that China has done some soul-searching about familial love — last year China Daily asked a cross-section of people if they said “I love you” to their parents, spouses, and children. “I have never said 'I love you' to my family, and I don't think I will in the future,” one 56-year-old told the paper. “Saying it aloud is embarrassing for me.”

Still, that doesn't mean that love can't be expressed. In a separate article, China Daily spoke to Zhao Mengmeng, a 31-year-old woman who said she had never told her father she loved him face-to-face (“I find it a bit odd”). Sometimes actions speak louder than words. Zhao gave her father a photo album featuring photographs of them together on almost every one of her birthdays in June 2012. The pictures went viral online, being forwarded hundreds of thousands of times on Weibo.

“I didn't sleep the night I heard about it,” her father told China Daily after the story attracted mainstream attention. “I have now memorized some of the comments on the collection of pictures.”

【语篇导读】本文是一篇议论文。本文首先讲述了两个表达爱的视频在中国火了起来,接着着重探讨了为什么中国人不喜欢向父母表达他们的爱。接着用张萌萌的事例指出这是中国人独有的表达方式,爱的行为比言语更有力量。

28. What can we infer from the text?

AIt is not direct for Chinese families to say “I love you” .

BChinese parents are too proud to express “I love you”.

CChinese parents are good at expressing positive emotions.

DYoung parents in China are willing to express “I love you”.

29. Why don’t Chinese parents express “I love you” to their children?

ABecause they can’t express it.

BBecause they are not in the habit of expressing so.

CBecause they think it unnecessary.

DBecause they think it should be done only among young couples.

30. Zhao Mengmeng expressed “I love you” to her father by ______.

Agiving him an album containing their photos

Bkissing her father’s face and telling him by words

Cspeaking it out bravely in a TV program

Dwriting out the three words in a letter

31.What’s the author’s attitude towards the statements about “I love you”?

AOpposed.

BObjective.

CCritical.

DIndifferent.

分值: 8分 查看题目解析 >
阅读理解 本大题共4小题,每小题2分,共8分。阅读短文,完成下列小题。
1

D

Almost everyone stood when the bride walked down the aisle in her white gown, but not the wedding conductor, because she was fixed to her chair.

The nuptials at this ceremony were led by “I-Fairy”, a 4-foot (1.5-meter) tall seated robot with flashing eyes and plastic pigtails (辫子). Sunday's wedding was the first time that a marriage had been led by a robot, according to manufacturer Kokoro Co.

“ Please lift the bride's veil (面纱),” the robot said in a tinny voice, waving its arms in the air as the newlyweds kissed in front of about 50 guests.

The wedding took place at a restaurant in Hibiya Park in central Tokyo, where the I-Fairy wore a wreath of flowers and directed a rooftop ceremony. Wires led out from beneath it to a black curtain a few feet away, where a man clicked commands into a computer.

Japan has one of the most advanced robotics industries in the world, with the government actively supporting the field for future growth. Industrial models in factories are now standard, but recently Japanese companies are making a push to inject robots into everyday life.

Honda makes a walking child-shaped robot, and other firms have developed them to entertain the elderly or play baseball. Kokoro, whose corporate goal is to “ touch the hearts of the people,” also makes giant dinosaur robots for exhibitions and life-like android models that can smile and laugh. The company is a subsidiary (附属公司) of Sanrio Co., which owns the rights to Hello Kitty and other Japanese characters.

“This was a lot of fun. I think that Japanese have a strong sense that robots are our friends. Those in the robot industry mostly understand this, but people mainly want robots near them that serve some purpose,” said bride Satoko Inoue, 36, who works at manufacturer Kokoro Co.

The I-Fairy sells for about 6.3 million yen ($ 68,000) and three are in use in Singapore, the US and Japan, according to company spokeswoman Kayako Kido.

【语篇导读】本文是一篇夹叙夹议的议论文。本文首先生动描写了东京机器人“爱精灵”主持婚礼的场景,然后开始剖析日本发达的机器人行业,日本的机器人公司正在努力使其日常生活智能化。通过列举日本著名机器人公司的产品及其设计理念,来说明日本机器人行业的发展现状。

32. The underlined word “nuptials” in paragraph 2 can best be placed by ________.

Aconductor

Bbride

Crobot

DWedding

33. The robots made in Japan can do the following EXCEPT ________.

Aentertain the senior people

Bplay baseball

Clook after children

DLaugh

34. What can we learn from what bride Satoko Inoue said?

AA robot has been widely used to serve the people in Japan.

BIt’s very interesting to work with a robot in her company.

CJapanese consider a robot can do many things like their friends.

DPeople need robots that can help them in some ways.

35.Which of the following can be the best title for the passage?

AI-Fairy, a robot conducts wedding in Tokyo

BThe development of robots

CAll kinds of robots in Japan

DWedding customs in Japan

分值: 8分 查看题目解析 >
补全信息 本大题共5小题,每小题2分,共10分。把答案填写在题中横线上。
1

How to Use Social Media Positively

Nowadays so common is Social media in our society that almost everyone is connected to some form of it, whether it is Twitter, Facebook or even Pinterest. We are in a fast-paced, technologically evolving society and we are addicted to social media. 36_

So how does one ensure a positive online reputation? It’s simple:

Keep it clean. Party photos with alcohol are an absolute no-no. Would you want to have your boss see these photos? 37_ Make sure to post contents that you feel positively reflect you, your creativity and your skills.

38_ You have a private Twitter account so you can post anything you want? This is decidedly not the case. Privacy settings make it harder to see your full account, but it’s not impossible. Under no circumstance should you rely on privacy settings as a way to protect inappropriate contents.

Ensure you’re careful and professional. Keep it classy (优等的)! Discover your brand, or what you want people to think of you. Proper spelling and grammar is always a plus, but it may not be your brand. 39_ In this way, you can earn approval.

Follow these simple rules and you’re on your way to building, or restoring an online reputation. Using social media positively doesn’t mean you can’t have fun and use it to express yourself; however, you want to ensure that you’re OK with anyone seeing everything you post. 40_ So your post can get your friends active and happy.

Like it or not, your social networks reflect you ── make sure you look like the shining star that you truly are.

【语篇导读】本文社科性质的小说明文。主要告诉人们如何积极地使用社交媒体。

ATry to do everything as well as you can.

BIn fact, we long for social media and need it.

CSocial media is very fast to use but very difficult.

DDon’t trust privacy settings at all.

EBe entirely sure about what you’re posting.

FOnce you click post, there’s no looking back.

GMake sure your post is written personally.

分值: 10分 查看题目解析 >
完型填空 本大题共20小题,每小题 1.50分,共30分。
1

Do you think an individual can make a difference? Ask Rossano Ercolini, the Goldman Prize winner, which is considered the Nobel Prize for “  41  ”. Eroclini is a young  42    in a small town in Italy. After  43   the news of reducing waste on the radio, he decided to teach his students to  44   paper and replace plastic water bottles in the school lunchroom with  45   glasses.

When his town announced plans to open an incinerator to burn waste, Ercolini knew it would be  46    to his students. Incinerators are huge heaters that burn all waste and poisonous materials, leaving behind  47   . You might think it is  48    than sending waste to landfills. It is true that landfills  49    space, smell bad, and that poisonous materials can make underground drinking water  50    to use. Bun incinerators have their own  51   . Burning will  52    poisonous gases into the air, causing breathing problems. People will have to wear a mask    53    they go out. The smoke also causes pollution, and even  54    the greenhouse effect.

Ercolini was worried about the  55    of his community and felt it was his duty to  56   them. He organized town meetings and talked about how to reduce, reuse and recycle.  57  , Ercolini has advocated the zero-waste movement, the  58    of which is to reduce the waste to the least possible amount. He has already  59   plans for more than 50 incinerators in many Italian cities.  60    his efforts, there are more than 100 zero-waste towns in Italy now!

【语篇导读】本文是一篇记叙文。主要讲了意大利环保人士Rossano Ercolini为保护环境所做的努力。他提倡“零废物”,改变人们焚烧烧垃圾的观念,并号召人们一起努力做绿色的环境保护。

41.

APeace

BEnvironment

CMedicine

DLiterature

42.

Ateacher

Bfarmer

Ctrainer

Dgardener

43.

Awatching

Breading

CHearing

DMaking

44.

Afold

Broll

Ctear

DRecycle

45.

Acoloured

Breusable

Cthick

DValuable

46.

Aharmful

Bnecessary

Csuitable

DConvenient

47.

Arock

Bsand

Cwater

DAsh

48.

Aworse

Bharder

Cbetter

DFurther

49.

Aadd

Bfill in

Ccreate

Dtake up

50.

Aunsafe

Bsimple

Cregular

DIllegal

51.

Adifficulties

Bdisadvantages

Cshortcomings

DImprovements

52.

Agive out

Bgive in

Cgive off

Dgive up

53.

Awhatever

Bwherever

Chowever

DWhenever

54.

Areduces

Bworsens

Csuffers

DMeasures

55.

Ahealth

Bdevelopment

Cjustice

DEmployment

56.

Apraise

Bsupport

Ceducate

DEntertain

57.

AAnyhow

BHowever

COtherwise

DMoreover

58.

Agoal

Breason

Ctruth

DProblem

59.

Adiscussed

Bdefeated

Cprepared

DSuggested

60.

AAlong with

BExcept for

CThanks to

DInstead of

分值: 30分 查看题目解析 >
语法填空 本大题共10小题,每小题1.5分,共15分。把答案填写在题中横线上。
1

At the last weekend of November, I drove to Fragrant Hills Park to see red leaves with my wife. Although the park announced it closed 61_ (it) yearly Red Leaf Festival early on November 13, it was still very crowded. It 62_ (report) that it received more than one million visitors during the Red Leaf Festival.

We were told four ways to the top of the mountain, each of 63_ took 60 minutes to complete. We chose one way to get to the top. 64_ (See) from the top, it looked very beautiful. 65_ colorful the mountain is! Some trees were all red and some were covered 66_ yellow. The yellow leaves were especially golden and 67_ (enjoy). Then we visited Liulita, Xishangqingxue, Duojingting and so on. I think they were all 68_ (well) worth visiting than many other attractions.

On the way, we met an old couple who came from America. They said that they had travelled in China for several 69_ (month) and China was very great and beautiful. When I heard what they said, I was feeling 70_ (pride) as a Chinese.

【语篇导读】:本文属于记叙文,作者介绍了11月最后一个周末和家人开车去香山公园看红叶,之后描述了登上香山后的美丽景色。在回去的路上遇到了来自美国的夫妇,听到他们对中国的赞美,作者感到很自豪。

分值: 15分 查看题目解析 >
书面表达 本大题共25分。
1

72.穷游目前是一种很时尚的旅游方式。它让很多经济不宽裕的人也能享受旅游的乐趣,因此它受到越来越多人的喜爱。请根据下列表格中的提示,就“穷游”这一现象用英语写一篇短文。

注意:

1)词数100左右;

2)可以适当增加细节,以使行文连贯。

3)参考词汇:穷游 travel on a budget; 穷游族 budget travelers

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分值: 25分 查看题目解析 >
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