Gwendolyn Brooks was the first African American to win a Pulitzer Prize for Literature. Gwendolyn Brooks wrote hundreds of poems during her lifetime. She was known around the world for using poetry to increase understanding about black culture in America.
Her poems described conditions among the poor, racial inequality and drug use in the black community. She also wrote poems about the struggles of black women. But her skill was more than her ability to write about struggling black people. She was an expert at the language of poetry. She combined traditional European poetry styles with the African American experience.
In her early poetry, Gwendolyn Brooks wrote about the South Side of Chicago. The South Side of Chicago is where many black people live. In her poems, the South Side is called Bronzeville. It was “A Street in Bronzeville” that gained the attention of literary experts in 1945. Critics praised her poetic skill and her powerful descriptions of the black experience during the time. The Bronzeville poems were her first published collection.
In 1950, Gwendolyn Brooks became the first African American to win the Pulitzer Prize for Literature. She won the prize for her second book of poems called “Annie Allen.” “Annie Allen” is a collection of poetry about the life of a Bronzeville girl as a daughter, a wife and mother. She experiences loneliness, loss, death and being poor. Ms. Brooks said that winning the prize changed her life.
Her next work was a novel written in 1953 called “Maud Martha.” “Maud Martha” received little notice when it was first published. But now it is considered an important work by some critics. Its main ideas about the difficult life of many women are popular among female writers today.
In some of her poems, Gwendolyn Brooks described how what people see in life is affected by who they are. One example is this poem, “Corners on the Curing Sky”.
By the end of the 1960s, Gwendolyn Brooks’s poetry expanded from the everyday experiences of people in Bronzeville. She wrote about a wider world and dealt with important political issues.
24. What does the text mainly talk about?
25. What can we learn about Gwendolyn Brooks from the second paragraph?
26. The author develops the passage mainly by ______.
27. In the last three paragraphs, the author would most probably talk about _______.
注意： 1 每处错误及其修改均仅限一词； 2 只允许修改10处，多者（从第11处起）不计分。
Tourism is booming in Tibet. More than 6.8 million Chinese and foreign tourists visit the region in the first half of this year. Tourism income during that period rose on to 7 billion yuan. More tourists are expected to travelling around Tibet in the second half of this year. The region is hosting the China Tibet Tourism or Culture Expo, featuring series of festivals. Currently, foreigners need a special travel permission to tour the region in addition for a Chinese visa. They have to wait for the permit patient. It is cheerful what the local authorities have promised us to shorten the time of obtaining it.
◆ Open Monday to Saturday 10:00 to 17:00 and Sunday 12:00 to 17:00. Last admissions at 16:30 each day.
◆ Personal Admission: Adults,￡5; Seniors/Students,￡4.
◆ Group Admission (Ten or more): Adults￡4.5 per person; Students/Seniors￡3.50 per person.
◆ Payment for groups must be made together.
Welcome to the James Joyce Centre
The James Joyce Centre is to promote an understanding of the life and works of James Joyce. In doing so, the Centre tries to work with institutions to celebrate Ireland’s rich cultural heritage (遗产). The James Joyce Centre provides the casual visitor with a rewarding and memorable experience.
The Centre’s home is a restored 18th century townhouse in the north of Dublin, the city of Joyce’s birth and the setting for all his works. From this central place in Joyce’s heartland, the Centre aims to develop an appreciation of this most remarkable and significant literary figure of the 20th century.
No. 35 North Great George’s Street was built in 1784 and decorated with fine plasterwork (灰泥) by Michael Stapleton. The house was restored in the 1980s and opened as the James Joyce Centre in 1996, run by members of Joyce’s sister’s family.
The Kenmare Room is used for lectures and has a small show of reproductions of Joyce family pictures. In addition, this room provides details of Joyce’s life and times, a reading table where visitors can sit and read works by and about Joyce, and a show of some of the many translations of Joyce’s works.
The centre’s permanent and temporary exhibitions show various aspects of Joyce’s life and work. Through shows and three films, you may dig into the novel about its historical background and learn more about Joyce’s life. The Centre also hosts International Joyce, an exhibition that provides a wonderful introduction to the life and works of James Joyce.
Our walking tours are available every Saturday at 11 am and 2 pm, and by advanced booking on Tuesdays and Thursdays at 11 am and 2 pm (with at least four people). Adults￡10; Seniors/Students￡8. For bookings, contact firstname.lastname@example.org. We look forward to your visit.
【语篇导读】本文是一篇说明文。该文章首先介绍了James Joyce 中心的营业及收费情况，然后介绍了该中心内的陈列情况及其相关历史背景，最后介绍了关于James Joyce的展品。
21. According to the text, the James Joyce Centre ________.
22. It can be inferred from the text that in the James Joyce Centre, you can _______.
23. What is the main purpose of the text?
According to the Global Times, it is reported that two online videos showing children telling their parents “I love you” have gone viral in China. The first, filmed by an Anhui TV station, shows a number of college students telling their parents they love them. The responses are mixed. “Are you drunk?” asked one parent. In another similar video, shot by a Shanxi TV station, a father responded even less patiently — “I am going to a meeting, so cut the crap.”
Why don't Chinese families use those words? Theories revolve around the nature of Confucian teaching. “The parents' responses show that many Chinese are not good at expressing positive emotions,” Xia Xueluan, a Sociologist from Peking University, told the Global Times. “They are used to educating children with negative language.”
This isn't the first time that China has done some soul-searching about familial love — last year China Daily asked a cross-section of people if they said “I love you” to their parents, spouses, and children. “I have never said 'I love you' to my family, and I don't think I will in the future,” one 56-year-old told the paper. “Saying it aloud is embarrassing for me.”
Still, that doesn't mean that love can't be expressed. In a separate article, China Daily spoke to Zhao Mengmeng, a 31-year-old woman who said she had never told her father she loved him face-to-face (“I find it a bit odd”). Sometimes actions speak louder than words. Zhao gave her father a photo album featuring photographs of them together on almost every one of her birthdays in June 2012. The pictures went viral online, being forwarded hundreds of thousands of times on Weibo.
“I didn't sleep the night I heard about it,” her father told China Daily after the story attracted mainstream attention. “I have now memorized some of the comments on the collection of pictures.”
28. What can we infer from the text?
29. Why don’t Chinese parents express “I love you” to their children?
30. Zhao Mengmeng expressed “I love you” to her father by ______.
31.What’s the author’s attitude towards the statements about “I love you”?
Almost everyone stood when the bride walked down the aisle in her white gown, but not the wedding conductor, because she was fixed to her chair.
The nuptials at this ceremony were led by “I-Fairy”, a 4-foot (1.5-meter) tall seated robot with flashing eyes and plastic pigtails (辫子). Sunday's wedding was the first time that a marriage had been led by a robot, according to manufacturer Kokoro Co.
“ Please lift the bride's veil (面纱),” the robot said in a tinny voice, waving its arms in the air as the newlyweds kissed in front of about 50 guests.
The wedding took place at a restaurant in Hibiya Park in central Tokyo, where the I-Fairy wore a wreath of flowers and directed a rooftop ceremony. Wires led out from beneath it to a black curtain a few feet away, where a man clicked commands into a computer.
Japan has one of the most advanced robotics industries in the world, with the government actively supporting the field for future growth. Industrial models in factories are now standard, but recently Japanese companies are making a push to inject robots into everyday life.
Honda makes a walking child-shaped robot, and other firms have developed them to entertain the elderly or play baseball. Kokoro, whose corporate goal is to “ touch the hearts of the people,” also makes giant dinosaur robots for exhibitions and life-like android models that can smile and laugh. The company is a subsidiary (附属公司) of Sanrio Co., which owns the rights to Hello Kitty and other Japanese characters.
“This was a lot of fun. I think that Japanese have a strong sense that robots are our friends. Those in the robot industry mostly understand this, but people mainly want robots near them that serve some purpose,” said bride Satoko Inoue, 36, who works at manufacturer Kokoro Co.
The I-Fairy sells for about 6.3 million yen ($ 68,000) and three are in use in Singapore, the US and Japan, according to company spokeswoman Kayako Kido.
32. The underlined word “nuptials” in paragraph 2 can best be placed by ________.
33. The robots made in Japan can do the following EXCEPT ________.
34. What can we learn from what bride Satoko Inoue said?
35.Which of the following can be the best title for the passage?
Do you think an individual can make a difference? Ask Rossano Ercolini, the Goldman Prize winner, which is considered the Nobel Prize for “ 41 ”. Eroclini is a young 42 in a small town in Italy. After 43 the news of reducing waste on the radio, he decided to teach his students to 44 paper and replace plastic water bottles in the school lunchroom with 45 glasses.
When his town announced plans to open an incinerator to burn waste, Ercolini knew it would be 46 to his students. Incinerators are huge heaters that burn all waste and poisonous materials, leaving behind 47 . You might think it is 48 than sending waste to landfills. It is true that landfills 49 space, smell bad, and that poisonous materials can make underground drinking water 50 to use. Bun incinerators have their own 51 . Burning will 52 poisonous gases into the air, causing breathing problems. People will have to wear a mask 53 they go out. The smoke also causes pollution, and even 54 the greenhouse effect.
Ercolini was worried about the 55 of his community and felt it was his duty to 56 them. He organized town meetings and talked about how to reduce, reuse and recycle. 57 , Ercolini has advocated the zero-waste movement, the 58 of which is to reduce the waste to the least possible amount. He has already 59 plans for more than 50 incinerators in many Italian cities. 60 his efforts, there are more than 100 zero-waste towns in Italy now!
3)参考词汇:穷游 travel on a budget; 穷游族 budget travelers
How to Use Social Media Positively
Nowadays so common is Social media in our society that almost everyone is connected to some form of it, whether it is Twitter, Facebook or even Pinterest. We are in a fast-paced, technologically evolving society and we are addicted to social media. 36_
So how does one ensure a positive online reputation? It’s simple:
Keep it clean. Party photos with alcohol are an absolute no-no. Would you want to have your boss see these photos? 37_ Make sure to post contents that you feel positively reflect you, your creativity and your skills.
38_ You have a private Twitter account so you can post anything you want? This is decidedly not the case. Privacy settings make it harder to see your full account, but it’s not impossible. Under no circumstance should you rely on privacy settings as a way to protect inappropriate contents.
Ensure you’re careful and professional. Keep it classy (优等的)! Discover your brand, or what you want people to think of you. Proper spelling and grammar is always a plus, but it may not be your brand. 39_ In this way, you can earn approval.
Follow these simple rules and you’re on your way to building, or restoring an online reputation. Using social media positively doesn’t mean you can’t have fun and use it to express yourself; however, you want to ensure that you’re OK with anyone seeing everything you post. 40_ So your post can get your friends active and happy.
Like it or not, your social networks reflect you ── make sure you look like the shining star that you truly are.
At the last weekend of November, I drove to Fragrant Hills Park to see red leaves with my wife. Although the park announced it closed 61_ (it) yearly Red Leaf Festival early on November 13, it was still very crowded. It 62_ (report) that it received more than one million visitors during the Red Leaf Festival.
We were told four ways to the top of the mountain, each of 63_ took 60 minutes to complete. We chose one way to get to the top. 64_ (See) from the top, it looked very beautiful. 65_ colorful the mountain is! Some trees were all red and some were covered 66_ yellow. The yellow leaves were especially golden and 67_ (enjoy). Then we visited Liulita, Xishangqingxue, Duojingting and so on. I think they were all 68_ (well) worth visiting than many other attractions.
On the way, we met an old couple who came from America. They said that they had travelled in China for several 69_ (month) and China was very great and beautiful. When I heard what they said, I was feeling 70_ (pride) as a Chinese.