Steep Rock Skills $100 per person. This course will focus on techniques about climbing steep routes. Edging, off hands, high-stepping are some techniques you will work on. This course is best for women that have experience of top roping or climbing occasionally in a gym but have not had much experience outdoors.
Half-Day Rappelling (绳索下降）Skills $ 100 per person. There’s a law that says, “What goes up must come down.” Though it may be safer to walk off many climbs, there are climbs that require you ladies to come back down to the ground. Learn various rappel techniques and use various types of rappel devices through this course. On Saturday the practice is in the morning.
Hard Women Rock leader Skills $ 100 per person. Designed for any women with a desire to lead, efficient rope management will be covered. Bring your own equipment if you have any. Any leading will be done on top-rope. A fun and safe way to take a look at the “sharp” end of thing
Half-Day Rock Rescue $ 50 per person. A course for experienced women climbers wishing to build fundamental rock rescue skills in order to deal with a possible emergency situation on the cliff. Participants should bring their own personal equipment if they have. On Saturday and Sunday the practice is in the morning.
1. Which course is the least expensive?（ ）
2. If Mary wants to be a rock-climbing leader, which of the following should she choose? （ ）
3. It can be inferred from the text that（ ）
4. The author's purpose in writing the text is to introduce （ ）
In 2014 my best friend’s mother died of cancer. It was a tragedy, but as usual, Alice, my mother, used her power of healing and got his family back on their feet. If you asked my friends about my mother, they would say, “That woman has a heart of gold.” I agree one-hundred percent.
I think the reason why she is such a wonderful person is that the Holy Spirit lives within her. She is very holy and has persuaded me to go to church with her every Sunday.
About six years ago my mom decided to pursue her lifelong goal of becoming a teacher. She knew it would be hard work raising three kids, doing housework and studying at the same time. However, she believed it would pay off. What my mother didn’t realize was that not all things pay off in this unfair world. After four hard years of school, she graduated on a warm spring day. It was unbelievable. My aunt drove up from Virginia to celebrate this fantastic day. It was the first time I had ever cried from being happy.
It’s strange how fast a life can change. Two months later, the unpredictable happened. My mother was diagnosed with multiple sclerosis (多发性硬化症).I could not believe this could happen after all the good she had done for people. I was very confused and cried every day. My faith in God just disappeared and so did my mom’s dream of becoming a teacher.
Then, I decided I must move on with my life and accept the fact that she might never get better. Since my decision, I have become more mature, responsible and active in school and work. I have found a wonderful girlfriend with whom 1 plan to spend the rest of my life. Through the years I have always been able to change negative situations into positive ones. I'm happy with my life now.
5. Which of the following can best describe Alice?（ ）
6.What else did Alice have to do when studying? （ ）
7.According to the text, the author's mother （ ）
8. What may be the best title for the text? （ ）
A quarter of today’s UK children are living in families which cause more than one risk to their educational development, a study says.
Institute of Education researchers analyzed 10 risk factors affecting more than 18,000 families. Risks included financial stress, teenage parenthood, depression, low skills and alcohol abuse. Previous research suggests families with multiple risk factors are the most damaging. According to the research, just over four in ten people experienced no risk factors in their early childhood, while a third faced only one. It would mean 192.000 UK children born 10 years ago have been growing up in families with multiple risks to their development.
The paper's authors found that those who had grown up with two or more risk factors had poorer behavioral development scores at ages three and five. They also did worse in standard vocabulary tests at these ages. The report, published by the Centre for Longitudinal Studies ,said. “Children living in families with both multiple risks and low income faced the worst across most developmental outcomes.”
“These children achieved the lowest change in vocabulary test scores between ages three and five.” Professor Dex added .“The most reassuring thing is that if you come into contact with just one of these risk factors, there is a fairly modest effect on children. She suggested that health visitors could be aware of families where there were two or more of these indicators, and offer help. ”
The government has pledged to turn around the lives of England's 120.000 most troubled families by 2015. To qualify for help, the families need to meet five out of seven criteria including truanting (旷课的）children, parents with addiction and anti -social behavior.
13. According to the research, what families are the most damaging to children's educational development?（ ）
14.What can we learn about the children growing up with multiple risk factors?（ ）
15.The underlined word “pledged” in the last paragraph can be replaced by（ ）
Here is a true story. A man came out of his home to admire his new truck. To his surprise, his three-year-old son was happily scraping(刮)the shiny paint of the truck _ (use)a sharp knife. The man ran to his son and drove him away. _ (scare), the boy ran away quickly. Unfortunately, the boy fell down and hurt his right hand _ (serious) with the knife sticking into his fingers. The father rushed his son to the hospital immediately.
Although the doctor tried desperately _ (save) the injured fingers, he finally had to cut them off. When the boy woke up from the _ (operate), he innocently said, “Daddy, I’m sorry about your truck.” Then he asked, “But __ _ are me fingers going to grow back?” The father began crying sadly _ his head down.
Think about this story the next time someone _ (step)on your feet or you wish to take revenge(报仇). Think first before you lose your patience with someone you love. Trucks can _ (repair), but broken bones and hurt feelings often can’t. Too often we fail to recognize _ difference between the person and the performance. We forget that for giveness is greater than revenge.
51.短文改错Mr. Green is a London taxi driver who love going to the theater. Last week his mother gave him two tickets for play. The tickets were for Sunday evening. Then Mr. Green read some reviews of the play, that said it was a terribly one! He wouldn’t go to see the play that no one liked. So two hours after the beginning of the play, he left the tickets on the back sea of his taxi. He thought perhaps someone who wants to see the play would take it. However, when Mr. Green went back to home, the tickets were still there. On fact, there were four tickets on the seat. Someone had placed another pair of ticket on top of them!
A new study has found that social media could be affecting the sleep of young adults.
The study is a project of researchers at the University of Pittsburgh's School of Medicine. They found that young people who often use social media are more likely to suffer from sleep disorders than those who use social media less. The researchers say doctors should ask young adults about their use of social media when treating sleep issues.
“This is one of the first pieces of evidence that social media use really can influence your sleep.” said Jessica C Levenson. She was the lead author of a report on the study.
The researchers set out to examine the connection between social media use and sleep among young adults. Levenson noted that these young adults are possibly the first “generation to grow up with social media. ”
The researchers wanted to find out how often young people used social media sites like Face book, Twitter, Credit and Tumbler. For the study, they gave questionnaires to nearly 1,800 adults, aged 19 to 32. On average, members of the study group used social media sites one hour a day. They also "visited various social media 30 times per week.”
Thirty percent of the study's participants reported having serious problems with sleeping. Those people who used social media a lot were three times more likely to have a sleep disorder. And those who spent the most time on social media were two times as likely to suffer from sleep disturbances.
Levenson said the number of times a person visits social media is a better predictor of sleep problems than overall time spent on social media. If this is true, she adds, then practices that stop such behaviors may be the most effective.
9.What's the main idea of the text?（ ）
10.When treating sleep problems, doctors are advised to（ ）
11. How did the researchers mainly carry out the study?（ ）
12.What can be inferred from the text?（ ）
When we were children, we were taught the simplest lessons to be able to build good relationships with others. _ _ However, the question is : what makes a good relationship?
Be willing to share
Once you are in a good relationship, you are not just thinking about yourself. You learn to share what you have. _ You should also share your thoughts, your ideas, your dreams and even your frustrations.
Learn to care
People in a good relationship are kind to each other. They make efforts to show how they value each others' space. They both take the time to know what matters to the other and also give lime to try out each others' interests _ .
Learn to play fair
_ Each one is allowed to move freely as an individual However, each action is done with consideration of the other one's feelings. No one is above the other.
Everyone knows that the relationship they have won't slay strong
As I walked through the door, I felt sharp coldness. While my fingers began to numb, many _ ran through my head. Why am I here? What were my parents thinking when they _ here?
My parents were born and raised a _ family in southwestern lows. From a very young age, they were expected to _ the family farm.
Five years after my birth, my parents made a decision that would _ our lives forever. They decided they _ more in life. They told their families that they were moving to Alaska!
Why would they move to Alaska, the _ of polar bears and Eskimos? When I asked, they said, “We wanted to experience adventure.” My grandparents thought that they were _ and said, “It is a horrible thing to do to those kids.”
__ _ my parents moved, with nothing but a few clothes and $500 dollars. Through hard work and perseverance, they have not only survived, but are _ than ever. My father has gotten his _ job as a wildlife technician for the Department of Fish and Game. My _ is now the manager of the high school kitchen.
These two people had the courage to _ for their dreams—no matter what others thought. Through good and bad times, my parents never lost sight of their _ . What they wanted most in the world was to raise their children to be _ . I honor and thank them. Because of their _ , I have become an independent young man. __ _ their hard work and strong will, they have become happy and successful. I have learned through their actions and mistakes that anything is _ .
So, when I ask myself why I am in Alaska, I _ myself how I got here. No matter how _ it gets, I can’t think of a better place to grow up. I sure do love Alaska!