We can have conflicts with our important persons like friends, relatives, workmates, etc. But the conflicts doesn’t necessarily mean that the relationship will be destroyed. In fact, sometimes conflict helps people to let out their silent feelings, allowing them to free their suppressed emotions. However, when in a conflict, we usually get angry and say or do things which aren’t linked to the problem at hand. Therefore, it is important that we should try to avoid conflicts through effective communication.
In a heated argument, we usually say things that aren’t related to the real problem, and even use rude words to make sure we gain an advantage over the other person. Then the whole situation goes badly. So we should separate(隔离) the root cause of the problem and build our discussion around it. This ensures that there are no rude remarks and the situation moves in a positive direction.ks like, “I understand your concern on this” or “I know you’re right at your end”, would make the other person feel more appreciated.
Sometimes some people get too excited and may behave in the wrong way or say something others may not appreciate. This can cause a worse situation. Actually, they should control their emotions and keep calm. This has to be learned through self-control and observing behavior of other people.
The tips mentioned above are useful for most situations. However, we don’t rule out the possibility that there are some people always want to create some sort of trouble for others. You can tell them from others, and putting in an effort to resolve a conflict with them may just not be a wise idea. The best way to deal with these people is to forget them. A famous saying can help you and that is: “You should never fight with a pig; you both get dirty and only the pig likes it.”
24. What can we learn from Paragraph 1?（）
25. When making discussions to solve conflicts, we should .
26. The author suggests that when people get too excited, they should .
27.In the author’s opinion, how should you deal with those who always want to create trouble for you?（）
The more hours that young children spend in child care, the more likely they are to turn out aggressive and disobedient by the time they are in kindergarten, according to the largest study of child care and development ever conducted. Researchers said this correlation （相关性）held true regardless of whether the children came from rich or poor homes, were looked after by a relative or at a center, and whether they were girls or boys.
What is uncertain, however, is whether the child care actually causes the problem or whether children likely to turn out aggressive happen to be those who spend more hours in child care. It also remains unclear whether reducing the amount of time in child care will reduce the risk that a child will turn into a mean person. What’s more, quality child care is associated with increased skills in intellectual ability such as language and memory, leading some academics to suggest that child care turns out children who are “smart and naughty”.
The government-sponsored research, which has tracked more than 1,300 children at 10 sites across the country since 1991, is bound to cause the debate over child care again: How should people balance work and family? And how should parents, especially mothers. Resolve the demands that are placed on them to be both breadwinners and supermoms?
That debate was already on display at a new briefing yesterday, where researchers themselves had different opinions about the data and its implications （含义）. “There is a constant relationship between time in care and problem behavior, especially those involving aggression and behavior,” said Jay Belsky of Birkbeck College in London. one of the lead investigators of the study who has previously annoyed women’s groups because of his criticisms of child care. “On behalf of fathers or mothers?” interrupted Sarah Friedman, a developmental psychologist at the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD) and one of the other lead scientists on the study. “On behalf of parents and families,” responded Belsky.
“NICHD is not willing to get into policy recommendations.” said Friedman, contradicting her colleague. “There are other possibilities that can be entertained. Yes it is a quick solution-more hours in child care is associated with more problems. The easy solution is to cut the number of hours but that may have implications for the family that may not be beneficial for the development of the children in terms of economics.” In an interview after the briefing, Friedman said that asking parents to work fewer hours and spend more time with their children usually meant a loss of family income, which adversely（不利地）affects children.
Scientists said that the study was highly reliable. But the researchers said they had no idea whether the behavioral difficulties persisted as the children moved to higher grades.
32. Children who spend more time in quality child care will .
33. What is still unknown about higher level of aggressiveness in kindergarten children?（）
34. In the fifth paragraph the word “it” probably means .
35. According to Friedman. Cutting the number of hours in child care .
The Great War Exhibition
When: Sun 10 Jan, 9:00 am- 6:00 pm
Mon 11 Jan, 9:00 am- 6:00 pm
Where: Dominion Museum Building, 15 Buckle Street, Wellington
Restrictions: All Ages
Ticket Information: Admission Free
The journey i rich in personal stories which tell of the great experience of the battlefields and the hardships at home during wear-time New Zealand. The visitors will experience the desperate horrors and the victories of the human spirit that were part of the Great War.
Kaipara Coast Plants & Sculpture Gardens
When: Sun 10 Jan, 9:00 am- 5:00 pm
Mon 11 Jan, 9:00 am- 5:00 pm
Where : 1481 Kaipara Coast Highway (SH16), Auckland
Restrictions: All Ages
● Adults： $10.00
● Children 5-13 (under 5 and free):$ 5.00
● Groups 10 : $ 8.00
● Over 60 ＆. Students (with ID): $ 9.00
Come and enjoy a relaxed art and garden experience. Sculptures are for sale and the display changes completely ever 12 moths with the new exhibition opening in December each year to give you a fresh experience each time you come.
Dream Works Animation
When: Sun 10 Jan, 10:00 am- 6:00 pm
Mon 11 Jan, 10:00 am- 6:00 pm
Where: Te Papa, 55 Cable St, Wellington
Restrictions: All Ages
● Adults: $ 15.00
● Children ＆ Students 3-15 (with Student ID): $ 6.00
● Children under 3: $0.00
The exhibition features over 400 items, including rare concept drawing, models, interviews, and original artworks. Adults and kids can get creative with real animation tools, and soar above the clouds in the Dragon Flight experience from How to Train Your Dragon.
Balls, Bullets and Boots
When: Sun 10 Jan, 9:00 am- 4:30 pm
Mon 11Jan, 9:00 am- 4:30 pm
Where: National Army Museum, 1 Hassett Dr, SH1, Waiouru
Restrictions: All Ages
Ticket Information: Door Sales Only
The exhibition explores the impact the cruel reality of war had on colonial sportsmen and their loved ones as they were transplanted from the rugby fields of home to fight.
21. If a couple with their son aged 5 attend the second and the third exhibitions, know much should they pay?（）
22. Which of the following may attract a sport-lover most?（）
23.The main purpose of the text is to .
Anxiety has now surpassed depression as the most common mental health disease among college students, though depression, too, is on the rise. More than half of students visiting campus clinics cite anxiety as a health concern, according to a recent study of more than 100,000 students nationwide by the Center for Collegiate Mental Health at Penn State. Nearly one in six college students has been diagnosed with or treated for anxiety within the last 12 months, according to the annual national survey by the American College Health Association.
The causes range widely, experts say, from mounting academic pressure at earlier ages to overprotective parents to engagement with social media. Anxiety has always played a role in the development of a student’s life, but now more students experience anxiety so acute that they are seeking professional help. Like many college clinics, the Center for Counseling and Psychological Services at the University of Central Florida (UCF)- one of the country’s largest and fastest-growing universities, has seen sharp increases in the number of clients: 15.2 percent over last year alone.
Anxiety has become characteristic of the current generation of college students, said Dan Jones, the director of Counseling and Psychological Services at Appalachian State University in Boone, N. C. Because of increasingly pressures during high school, he and other experts say, students arrive at college preloaded with stress. Accustomed to extreme parental oversight, many seem unable to govern themselves. And with parents so accessible, students have had less incentive to develop life skills. “They can’t tolerate discomfort or having to struggle,” Dr Jones said.
More often, anxiety is mild and temporary, the indication of a student under the control of a normal developmental issue-learning time management, for example, or how to handle rejection from a sorority. Mild anxiety is often treatable with early, modest interventions. But to care for rising numbers of severely troubled students, many counseling centers have moved to triage protocols (分诊措施). That means that students with less urgent needs may wait several weeks for first appointments.
Like many college counseling centers, UCF has designed a variety of daily workshops and therapy groups that implicitly and explicitly address anxiety, depression and their triggers. Next fall the center will test a new app for treating anxiety with a seven-module cognitive behavioral program, accessible through a student’s phone and augmented with brief videoconferences with a therapist. It also offers semester-long, 90-minute weekly therapy groups, such as “Keeping Calm and in Control”, “Mindfulness for Depression” and “Building Social Confidence” -for students struggling with social anxiety.
28. Which of the following contributes to anxiety according to the text?（）
29. What does the underlined word “incentive” in Paragraph 3 probably mean?（）
30. What’s the purpose of those therapy groups mentioned in the last paragraph?（）
31. Which of the following would be the best title for the text?（）
Four simple ways to stay positive
Trying to stay positive, both in good times and bad, is a great way to improve your quality of life. Try these four methods on a daily basis.
（1） Don’t think a lot about negativity.
Of course. Staying positive 24 hours a day, seven days a week is a bit difficult. Letting things get to you is normal, and it’s actually healthy to cry or express frustrations once in a while.
It’s when those negative moments control your life that your emotional balance is at risk. bd blank However, don’t give that sadness another second in your day.
（2） bd blank
What you put into your body directly affects how you feel on the outside. Fill yourself with good, healthy foods like fruits and vegetables and limit snacking. Exercise is equally of great importance. Take a few days out of your week for at least a half a hour of activity, and try to stick to a routine. bd blank
（3） Be kind to others.
bd blank Making someone’s day a bit brighter not only puts a smile on his or her face. but also yours as well. Remember to smile and treat each person with pity and respect. Good deeds are contagious （传染的）, and your positive attitude may spread among others.
（4） Take it one day at a time.
Being positive isn’t an instant thing. It’s a steady effort that we follow every hour of every day. bd blank Instead, focus on living in the moment and doing what you can to make each moment better.
A. Eat healthy and stay fit.
B. Take your lunch breaks outside.
C. Don’t worry about what the future may bring.
D. Gratefulness helps you appreciate life in bad times.
E. Good feelings come from acts of kindness and selflessness.
F. Take a few minutes to feel sad and accept what happened.
G. Even going outside for a walk and enjoying the sunshine improves your mood.
第一节 完形填空（共20小题；每小题1. 5分，满分30分）
My wife and I were attending a wedding at St. John’s Church. The sound of bd blank rang to the heavens as the ceremony continued.
At the church, I bd blank an old friend. Casper, who happened to be at the bd blank . Now 73, Casper was a brilliant and bd blank softball pitcher （投球手） back in the Men’s Leagues of Philadelphia in the mid-60s. I did not bd blank the now silver-haired fellow until my brother-in- law John mentioned his name to me! After a very pleasant bd blank , Casper asked if I remembered a letter of bd blank I had written to him back in 1964. It appeared Casper fell on hard times. as professional pitchers bd blank do, and he wasn’t pitching too well for a period of time. I did not bd blank the letter, but he said, “Yes, I still have it, and I read it anytime bd blank aren’t going too well.” He said that he had read the letter many times, and the situation always seemed to improve. I was bd blank and speechless!
He continued, “You don’t remember?” I said, “Sadly, no, I don’t.” But I did ask if I could have a(n) bd blank of the letter. He said he would email it to me. After the bd blank , we met on the steps of the church. Casper came up to me and bd blank the letter. He lived a block from the bd blank and had run home to get it. The envelope was bd blank and turned yellow, and so was the letter inside. That letter had to be nearly 50 years old.
In bd blank terms, the letter read:
“These hard times are bd blank ! Keep your enthusiasm for the bd blank . Never quit and you’ll be back on top again bd blank . Hang on there!”
A researcher has made a report bd blank says having a lot of money makes you a bad person. Professor Paul Piff spent ten years bd blank (look) at the personalities of rich people and bd blank (find) that their behaviour was very different bd blank the behavior of poor people. Rich people are more likely to break bd blank (rule), not follow the law, and not care about other people. Wealthy people cheat more at games and are less likely to help other people. Professor Piff told the BBC, “Wealth makes you more bd blank (worry) about your own interests, your own desires, your own welfare.” He added that rich people think their own goals and needs are the most bd blank (importance) thing in their life.
Professor Piff also found that poor people are more generous than rich people. The poor give a higher percentage of their money bd blank (help) others than the rich. The bd blank (wealth) you are, the less generous you are. You give significantly smaller portions away to other people. However, he said that rich people could change their behavior and become nicer bd blank more generous.
In my mind. I could never fancy how ten second of life could change a person’s view for his whole existence. A few years ago I experience the worst moment in my life. I was driving home that afternoon. Unfortunately, I didn’t make it home as usually because I had a car accident. While I was driving, all of a sudden, but the car in front of me stopped. My car immediately ran into it. Luckily, I wasn’t serious hurt. That accident changed way I drive and they taught me a valuable lesson. I also came to the conclusion which life needs to be treasuring.
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