• 2018年高考真题 英语 (江苏卷)
单选题 本大题共15小题,每小题1分,共15分。在每小题给出的4个选项中,有且只有一项是符合题目要求。

21. By boat is the only way to get here, which is _______ we arrived.





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22. Kids shouldn’t have access to violent films because they might _______ the things they see.





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23. Self-driving is an area _______ China and the rest of the world are on the same starting line.





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24. It’s strange that he _______ have taken the books without the owner’s permission.





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25. Developing the Yangtze River Economic Belt is a systematic project which _______ a clear road map and timetable.

Acalls for

Bcalls on

Ccalls off

Dcalls up

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26. Around 13,500 new jobs were created during the period, _______ the expected number of 12,000 held by market analysts.

Ahaving exceeded

Bto exceed



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27. There is a good social life in the village, and I wish I _______ a second chance to become more involved.


Bwill have

Cwould have had

Dhave had

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28. —You know what? I’ve got a New Year concert ticket.

—Oh, _______ You’re kidding.

Aso what?

Bgo ahead.

Ccome on.

Dwhat for?

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29. _______ you can sleep well, you will lose the ability to focus, plan and stay motivated after one or two nights.





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30. I was sent to the village last month to see how the development plan _______ in the past two years.

Ahad been carried out

Bwould be carried ou

Cis being carried out

Dhas been carried out

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31. Hopefully in 2025 we will no longer be e-mailing each other, for we _______ more convenient electronic communication tools by then.

Ahave developed

Bhad developed

Cwill have developed


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32. Try to understand what’s actually happening instead of acting on the _______ you’ve made.





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33. China’s soft power grows _______ the increasing appreciation and understanding of China globally.

Ain line with

Bin reply to

Cin return for

Din honour of

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34. Despite the poor service of the hotel, the manager is _______ to invest in sufficient training for his staff.





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35. —What happened? Your boss seems to _______.

—Didn’t you know his secretary leaked the secret report to the press?

Abe over the moon

Blaugh his head off

Cbe all ears

Dfly off the handle

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填空题 本大题共1小题,每小题20分,共20分。把答案填写在题中横线上。



Raynor Winn and her husband Moth became homeless due to their wrong investment. Their savings had been

   36   to pay lawyers’ fees. To make matters worse, Moth was diagnosed(诊断)with a    37   disease. There was no   38   , only pain relief.

Failing to find any other way out, they decided to make a   39   journey, as they caught sight of an old


This was a long journey of unaccustomed hardship and   40   recovery. When leaving home, Raynor and

Moth had just £320 in the bank. They planned to keep the   41   low by living on boiled noodles, with the     42   hamburger shop treat.

Wild camping is   43   in England. To avoid being caught, the Winns had to get their tent up   44

and packed it away early in the morning. The Winns soon discovered that daily hiking in their 50s is a lot   45   than they remember it was in their 20s. Raynor   46   all over and desired a bath. Moth, meanwhile, after an initial   47   , found his symptoms were strangely    48   by their daily tiring journey.

  49   , the couple found that their bodies turned for the better, with re-found strong muscles that they

thought had   50   forever. "Our hair was fried and falling out, nails broken, clothes    51   to a thread, but we were alive."

During the journey, Raynor began a career as a nature writer. She writes, "   52   had taken every

material thing from me and left me torn bare, an empty page at the end of a(n)   53   written book. It had also given me a   54   , either to leave that page   55   or to keep writing the story with hope. I chose hope."

36. A. drawn up             B. used up             C. backed up          D. kept up

37. A. mild                B. common            C. preventable        D. serious

38. A. cure                B. luck                  C. care               D. promise

39. A. business            B. walking                C. bus             D. rail

40. A. expected            B. frightening             C. disappointing         D. surprising

42. A. frequent            B. occasional            C. abundant            D. constant

43. A. unpopular             B. lawful                 C. attractive             D. illegal

44. A. soon               B. early                C. late                D. slowly

45. A. harder        B. easier                C. cheaper            D. funnier

46. A. rolled        B. bled                C. ached            D. trembled

47. A. struggle            B. progress                C. excitement        D. research

48. A. developed            B. controlled            C. reduced            D. increased

49. A. Initially            B. Eventually            C. Temporarily        D. Consequently

50. A. gained              B. kept                  C. wounded            D. lost

51. A. sewn              B. washed               C. worn            D. ironed

52. A. Doctors            B. Hiking               C. Lawyers           D. Homelessness

53. A. well               B. partly                C. neatly           D. originally

54. A. choice             B. reward                 C. promise           D. break

55. A. loose               B. full                 C. blank             D. missing

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阅读理解 本大题共2小题,每小题2分,共4分。阅读短文,完成下列小题。

第三部分: 阅读理解(共15 小题; 每小题2 分, 满分30 分)

请认真阅读下列短文, 从短文后各题所给的A、B、C、D 四个选项中, 选出最佳选项, 并



The Metropolitan Museum of Art

1000 Fifth Avenue New York, NY 10028

211-535-7710 www.metmuseum.org


Fifth Avenue at 82nd Street


Open 7 days a week.

Sunday—Thursday 10:00—17:30

Friday and Saturday 10:00—21:00

Closed Thanksgiving Day, December 25, January 1, and the first Monday in May.


$25.00 recommended for adults, $12.00 recommended for students, includes the Main Building and The Cloisters(回廊)on the same day; free for children under 12 with an adult.

Free with Admission

All special exhibitions, as well as films, lectures, guided tours, concerts, gallery talks, and

family/children’s programs are free with admission.

Ask about today’s activities at the Great Hall Information Desk.

The Cloisters Museum and Gardens

The Cloisters museum and gardens is a branch of The Metropolitan Museum of Art devoted to the art and architecture of Europe in the Middle Ages. The extensive

collection consists of masterworks in sculpture, colored glass, and precious objects from Europe dating from about the 9th to the 15th century.

Hours: Open 7 days a week.

March—October 10:00—17:15

November—February 10:00—16:45

Closed Thanksgiving Day, December 25, and January 1.

56. How much may they pay if an 11-year-old girl and her working parents visit the museum?



C$ 50.

D$ 62.

57. The attraction of the Cloisters museum and gardens lies in the fact that .

Ait opens all the year round

Bits collections date from the Middle Ages

Cit has a modern European-style garden

Dit sells excellent European glass collections

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阅读理解 本大题共3小题,每小题2分,共6分。阅读短文,完成下列小题。


In the 1760s, Mathurin Roze opened a series of shops that boasted(享有)a special meat soup called consomme. Although the main attraction was the soup, Roze’s chain shops also set a new standard for dining out, which helped to establish Roze as the inventor of the modern restaurant.

Today, scholars have generated large amounts of instructive research about restaurants. Take

visual hints that influence what we eat: diners served themselves about 20 percent more pasta(意大利面食)when their plates matched their food. When a dark-colored cake was served on a black plate rather than a white one, customers recognized it as sweeter and more tasty.

Lighting matters, too. When Berlin restaurant customers ate in darkness, they couldn’t tell how much they’d had: those given extra-large shares ate more than everyone else, but were none the wiser—they didn’t feel fuller, and they were just as ready for dessert.

Time is money, but that principle means different things for different types of restaurants. Unlike fast-food places, fine dining shops prefer customers to stay longer and spend. One way to encourage customers to stay and order that extra round: put on some Mozart(莫扎特). When classical, rather than pop, music was playing, diners spent more. Fast music hurried diners out. Particular scents also have an effect: diners who got the scent of lavender(薰衣草)stayed longer and spent more than those who smelled lemon, or no scent.

Meanwhile, things that you might expect to discourage spending—"bad" tables, crowding, high prices — don’t necessarily. Diners at bad tables — next to the kitchen door, say — spent nearly as much as others but soon fled. It can be concluded that restaurant keepers need not "be overly concerned about ‘bad’ tables," given that they’re profitable. As for crowds, a Hong Kong study found that they increased a restaurant’s reputation, suggesting great food at fair prices. And doubling a buffet’s price led customers to say that its pizza was 11 percent tastier.

58. The underlined phrase "none the wiser" in paragraph 3 most probably implies that the customers were .

Anot aware of eating more than usual

Bnot willing to share food with others

Cnot conscious of the food quality

Dnot fond of the food provided

59. How could a fine dining shop make more profit?

APlaying classical music.

BIntroducing lemon scent.

CMaking the light brighter.

DUsing plates of larger size.

60. What does the last paragraph talk about?

ATips to attract more customers.

BProblems restaurants are faced with.

CWays to improve restaurants’ reputation.

DCommon misunderstandings about restaurants.

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阅读理解 本大题共4小题,每小题2分,共8分。阅读短文,完成下列小题。


If you want to disturb the car industry, you’d better have a few billion dollars: Mom-and-pop carmakers are unlikely to beat the biggest car companies. But in agriculture, small farmers can get the best of the major players. By connecting directly with customers, and by responding quickly to changes in the markets as well as in the ecosystems(生态系统), small farmers can keep one step ahead of the big guys. As the co-founder of the National Young Farmers Coalition (NYFC, 美国青年农会)and a family farmer myself, I have a front-row seat to the innovations among small farmers that are transforming the industry.

For example, take the Quick Cut Greens Harvester, a tool developed just a couple of years ago by a young farmer, Jonathan Dysinger, in Tennessee, with a small loan from a local Slow Money group. It enables small-scale farmers to harvest 175 pounds of green vegetables per hour—a huge improvement over harvesting just a few dozen pounds by hand—suddenly making it possible for the little guys to compete with large farms of California. Before the tool came out, small farmers couldn’t touch the price per pound offered by California farms. But now, with the combination of a better price point and a generally fresher product, they can stay in business.

The sustainable success of small farmers, though, won’t happen without fundamental changes to the industry. One crucial factor is secure access to land. Competition from investors. developers, and established large farmers makes owning one’s own land unattainable for many new farmers. From 2004 to 2013, agricultural land values doubled, and they continue to rise in many regions.

Another challenge for more than a million of the most qualified farm workers and managers is a non-existent path to citizenship — the greatest barrier to building a farm of their own. With farmers over the age of 65 outnumbering(多于) farmers younger than 35 by six to one, and with two-thirds of the nation’s farmland in need of a new farmer, we must clear the path for talented people willing to grow the nation’s food.

There are solutions that could light a path toward a more sustainable and fair farm economy, but farmers can’t clumsily put them together before us. We at the NYFC need broad support as we urge Congress to increase farmland conservation, as we push for immigration reform, and as we seek policies that will ensure the success of a diverse and ambitious next generation of farms from all backgrounds. With a new farm bill to be debated in Congress, consumers must take a stand with young farmers.

61. The author mentions car industry at the beginning of the passage to introduce .

Athe progress made in car industry

Ba special feature of agriculture

Ca trend of development in agriculture

Dthe importance of investing in car industry

62. What does the author want to illustrate with the example in paragraph 2?

ALoans to small local farmers are necessary.

BTechnology is vital for agricultural development.

CCompetition between small and big farms is fierce.

DSmall farmers may gain some advantages over big ones.

63. What is the difficulty for those new famers?

ATo gain more financial aid.

BTo hire good farm managers.

CTo have farms of their own.

DTo win old farmers’ support.

64. What should farmers do for a more sustainable and fair farm economy?

ASeek support beyond NYFC.

BExpand farmland conservation.

CBecome members of NYFC.

DInvest more to improve technology.

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阅读理解 本大题共6小题,每小题2分,共12分。阅读短文,完成下列小题。


Children as young as ten are becoming dependent on social media for their sense of self-worth, a major study warned.

It found many youngsters(少年)now measure their status by how much public approval they get online, often through "likes". Some change their behaviour in real life to improve their image on the web.

The report into youngsters aged from 8 to 12 was carried out by Children’s Commissioner (专员)Anne Longfield. She said social media firms were exposing children to major emotional risks, with some youngsters starting secondary school ill-equipped to cope with the tremendous pressure they faced online.

Some social apps were popular among the children even though they supposedly require users to be at least 13. The youngsters admitted planning trips around potential photo-opportunities and then messaging friends — and friends of friends — to demand "likes" for their online posts.

The report found that youngsters felt their friendships could be at risk if they did not respond to social media posts quickly, and around the clock.

Children aged 8 to 10 were "starting to feel happy" when others liked their posts. However, those in the 10 to 12 age group were "concerned with how many people like their posts", suggesting a "need" for social recognition that gets stronger the older they become.

Miss Longfield warned that a generation of children risked growing up "worried about their appearance and image as a result of the unrealistic lifestyles they follow on platforms, and increasingly anxious about switching off due to the constant demands of social media".

She said: "Children are using social media with family and friends and to play games when they are in primary school. But what starts as fun usage of apps turns into tremendous pressure in real social media interaction at secondary school."

As their world expanded, she said, children compared themselves to others online in a way that was "hugely damaging in terms of their self-identity, in terms of their confidence, but also in terms of their ability to develop themselves".

Miss Longfield added: "Then there is this push to connect—if you go offline, will you miss something, will you miss out, will you show that you don’t care about those people you are following, all of those come together in a huge way at once."

"For children it is very, very difficult to cope with emotionally." The Children’s Commissioner for England’s study—Life in Likes—found that children as young as 8 were using social media platforms largely for play.

However, the research—involving eight groups of 32 children aged 8 to 12 — suggested that as they headed toward their teens, they became increasingly anxious online.

By the time they started secondary school—at age 11—children were already far more aware of their image online and felt under huge pressure to ensure their posts were popular, the report found.

However, they still did not know how to cope with mean-spirited jokes, or the sense of incompetence they might feel if they compared themselves to celebrities(名人)or more brilliant friends online. The report said they also faced pressure to respond to messages at all hours of the day—especially at secondary school when more youngsters have mobile phones.

The Children’s Commissioner said schools and parents must now do more to prepare children for the emotional minefield(雷区)they faced online. And she said social media companies must also "take more responsibility". They should either monitor their websites better so that children do not sign up too early, or they should adjust their websites to the needs of younger users.

Javed Khan, of children’s charity Barnardo’s, said: "It’s vital that new compulsory age-appropriate relationship and sex education lessons in England should help equip children to deal with the growing demands of social media.

"It’s also hugely important for parents to know which apps their children are using."

65. Why did some secondary school students feel too much pressure?

AThey were not provided with adequate equipment.

BThey were not well prepared for emotional risks.

CThey were required to give quick responses.

DThey were prevented from using mobile phones.

66. Some social app companies were to blame because .

Athey didn’t adequately check their users’ registration

Bthey organized photo trips to attract more youngsters

Cthey encouraged youngsters to post more photos

Dthey didn’t stop youngsters from staying up late

67. Children’s comparing themselves to others online may lead to .

Aless friendliness to each other

Blower self-identity and confidence

Can increase in online cheating

Da stronger desire to stay online

68. According to Life in Likes, as children grew, they became more anxious to .

Acirculate their posts quickly

Bknow the qualities of their posts

Cuse mobile phones for play

Dget more public approval

69. What should parents do to solve the problem?

ACommunicate more with secondary schools.

BUrge media companies to create safer apps.

CKeep track of children’s use of social media.

DForbid their children from visiting the web.

70. What does the passage mainly talk about?

AThe influence of social media on children.

BThe importance of social media to children.

CThe problem in building a healthy relationship.

DThe measure to reduce risks from social media.

分值: 12分 查看题目解析 >
简答题(综合题) 本大题共35分。简答应写出文字说明、证明过程或演算步骤。




How Arts Promote Our Economy

When most people think of the arts, they imagine the end product, the beautiful painting, a wonderful piece of music, or an award-winning performance in the theater. But arts groups bring broader value to our communities. The economic impact of the arts is often overlooked and badly judged.

The arts create jobs that help develop the economy. Any given performance takes a tour bus full of artists, technical experts, managers, musicians, or writers to create an appealing piece of art. These people earn a living wage for their professional knowledge and skills.

Another group of folks is needed to help market the event. "If you build it they will come" is a misleading belief. Painters, digital media experts, photographers, booking agents and promoters are hired to sell tickets and promote the event. According to the Dallas Area Cultural Advocacy Coalition, arts agencies employ more than 10,000 people as full-or part-time employees or independent contractors.

A successful arts neighborhoods creates a ripple effect(连锁反应)throughout a community. In 2005, when the Bishop Arts Theatre was donated to our town, the location was considered a poor area of town. After investing more than $1 million in reconstructing the building, we began producing a full season of theater performances, jazz concerts, and year-round arts education programs in 2008. Nearly 40 percent of jazz lovers live outside of the Dallas city limits and drive or fly in to enjoy an evening in the Bishop Arts District.

No doubt the theater has contributed to the area’s development and economic growth. Today, there are galleries, studios, restaurants and newly built work spaces where neighbors share experiences, where there is renewed life and energy. In this way, arts and culture also serve as a public good.

TeCo Theatrical Productions Inc. made use of Bloomberg’s investment of $35,000 to get nearly $400,000 in public and private sector support during the two-year period. Further, Dallas arts and arts-based businesses produce $298 for every dollar the city spends on arts programming and facilities. In Philadelphia, a metro area smaller than Dallas, the arts have an economic impact of almost $3 million and support 44,000 jobs, 80 percent of which actually lie outside the arts industry, including accountants, marketers, construction workers, hotel managers, printers, and other kinds of art workers.

The arts are efficient economic drivers and when they are supported, the entire small-business community benefits.

It is wrong to assume arts groups cannot make a profit. But in order to stay in business, arts groups must produce returns. If you are a student studying the arts, chances are you have been ill-advised to have a plan B. But those who truly understand the economic impact and can work to change the patterns can create a wide range of career possibilities.

分值: 10分 查看题目解析 >

81. 请阅读下面文字,并按照要求用英语写一篇150 词左右的文章。


1. 用约30个词概括上述利用排名(ratings)进行消费的现象;

2. 谈谈你如何看待消费排名,然后用2-3个理由或论据支撑你的看法。


1. 写作过程中不能直接引用原文语句;

2. 作文中不能出现真实姓名和学校名称;

3. 不必写标题。



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