• 英语 衡水市2017年高三第一次调研考试
简答题(综合题) 本大题共57分。简答应写出文字说明、证明过程或演算步骤。
1

C

I first came across the concept of pay-what-you-can cafes last summer in Boone, N.C., where I ate at F.A.R.M (Feed All Regardless of Means) Café. You can volunteer to earn your meal, pay the suggested price($10) or less, or you can overpay—paying it forward for a future customer’s meal. My only regret after eating there was not having a chance to give my time. So as soon as Healthy World Café opened in York in April, I signed up for a volunteer shift(轮班).

F.A.R.M and Healthy World are part of a growing trend of community cafés. In 2003, Denise Cerreta opened the first in Salt Lake City. Cerreta now runs the One World Everybody Eats Foundation, helping others copy her pay-what-you can model.

“I think the community café is truly a hand up, not a handout,” Cerreta said. She acknowledged that soup kitchens(施粥所) have a place in society, but people typically don’t feel good about going there.

“One of the values of the community café is that we have another approach,” she said. “Everyone eats here, no one needs to know whether you volunteered, overpaid or underpaid.”

The successful cafés not only address hunger and food insecurity but also become necessary parts of their neighborhood – whether it’s a place to learn skills or hear live music. Some teach cooking to seniors; some offer free used books. Eating or working there is a reminder that we are all in this world together.

My 10 am---1pm shift at World-Healthy-Café began with the café manager – one of the two paid staff members. Our volunteer crew wasn’t the most orderly, but we managed to prepare and serve meals with a lot of laughs in between. At the end of my shift, I ordered my earned meal at the counter, together with other volunteers. After lunch, I walked out the door, with a handful of new friends, music in my head and a satisfied belly and heart.

【语篇导读】本文是一篇记叙文开头引出作者在一个自主咖啡馆的亲身经历,讲述了这种社区咖啡馆建立的好处以及作者在那工作的感受。

29. What did the author do at F.A.R.M Café last summer?

AShe enjoyed a meal.

BShe ate free of charge.

CShe overpaid for the food.

DShe worked as a volunteer.

30. What is the advantage of community cafés compared with soup kitchens?

APeople can have free food.

BPeople can maintain their dignity.

CPeople can stay as long as they like.

DPeople can find their places in society.

31. Why are community cafés becoming popular in the neighborhoods?

AThey bring people true friendships.

BThey help to bring people together.

CThey create a lot of job opportunities.

DThey support local economic development.

32. How did the author feel about working at Healthy World Café?

AIt paid well.

BIt changed her.

CIt was beneficial.

DIt was easy for her.

分值: 8分 查看题目解析 >
1

D

We took a rare family road trip to the Adirondacks in late August,and it was as refreshing and exhausting as family vacations tend to be.Toward the end of our long drive home, even the kids were leaning forward in their seats urging my lead foot on.At that point in a road trip,even sixty-five miles per hour feels slow. We have become numb to our speed and numb to the road signs flashing by.

My family lives on the edge of Lancaster County. Only thirty miles from home,I hit the brakes,and we began to roll,slowly,behind a horse-drawn carriage. We began to open our eyes again.We saw familiar green hills and the farm with the best watermelons. I rolled down the windows, and we breathed again.Just-cut hay and a barn full of dairy cattle.

At five miles per hour,you remember what you forget at sixty-five.You are thinking about a place,even when you are moving from place to place.

I am a placemaker. A homemaker, too. I am a mother of a young kid at home,and also a writer and a gardener.But,for me,those roles are wrapped up with the one big thing I want to do with the rest of my life:I want to cultivate a place and share it with others.

The place I make with my family is a red-brick farmhouse built in l880. It has quite a few nineteenth-century bedrooms and a few acres of land,and we love nothing more than to fill them with neighbors and friends. We grow vegetables and flowers,keep a baker’s dozen of egg—laying chickens,and,since we moved in three years ago,we have planted many,many trees.

Living with my life’s purpose does not allow for much travel. I need to be here,feeding the chickens and watering the tomatoes. Any extra in the budget,and we spend it on trees.

But I learned something at the end of our family road trip.Travel can help me in the task of caring for my own place.When I slow down and pay attention to the road between here and there,travel tells me the connections between my place and all the other places.

【语篇导读】本文是一篇记叙,作者以一程旅行说起,主要描述了回家路上自己对家乡的怀念和所思所想。

33.What does the author try to express in the first paragraph?

AThe tiredness of her past family life.

BHer disappointment at the family road trip.

CThe family’s eagerness to return home.

DKids’excitement at driving fast on the road

34.Why did the author slow her car some miles from her home?

ABecause she made a way for a horse-drawn carriage.

BBecause she enjoyed the scenery along the road.

CBecause she needed a break after the long drive.

DBecause she wanted to get rid of a fast-paced life.

35.What can be the best title of the passage?

AOn the Way Home

BNever Travel again

CEscape from a Family Life

DLife on the Farm

分值: 6分 查看题目解析 >
1

E

The book A Big Fat Crisis: The Hidden Forces Behind Obesity and How We Can End It by Deborah Cohen, a senior natural scientist, is very popular now. __36___ But according to this book, the following are some misunderstandings of obesity or being overweight.

If you're obese, blame your genes.___37__ Yet, between 1980 and 2000, the number of Americans who are obese has doubled-----too quickly for genetic factors to be responsible. At restaurants, a dollar puts more calories on our plates than ever before, because restaurant meals usually have more calories than what we prepare at home, so people who eat out more frequently have higher rates of obesity than those who eat out less.

If you're obese, you lack self-control.Research shows that if we are faced with too much information, we have a tendency to make poor choices on diet. ___38___ Even the most vigilant(警觉的)people may not be good controllers of themselves.

__39____Although the US Department of Agriculture estimates that fewer than 5 percent of Americans live in the "food deserts", about 65 percent of the nation's population is obese. For most of us, obesity is not related to access to more fresh fruits and vegetables, but to the choices we make in supermarkets.

The problem is not that we eat too much, but that we don't exercise.Michelle Obama's "Let’s Move" campaign is based on the idea that if kids exercise more, childhood obesity rates will decrease. __40___ In fact, although a drop in work-related physical activity may explain up to 100 fewer calories burned, leisure physical activity appears to have increased.

A. Lack of access to fresh fruits and vegetables is a cause of obesity.

B. Obesity rates have increased.

C. Fresh fruits and vegetables we choose in a supermarket are related to obesity.

D. But there was no obvious decrease in physical activity levels as obesity rates climbed in the 1980s and 1990s.

E. People hold different views on obesity.

F. People benefit a lot from physical activities.

G. Our world has become so rich in food that we can be led to consume too much in ways we can't understand.

【语篇导读】本文是一篇说明文,主要讲述了肥胖的原因以及造成的不良后果。

36.

ALack of access to fresh fruits and vegetables is a cause of obesity.

BObesity rates have increased.

CFresh fruits and vegetables we choose in a supermarket are related to obesity.

DBut there was no obvious decrease in physical activity levels as obesity rates climbed in the 1980s and 1990s.

EPeople hold different views on obesity.

FPeople benefit a lot from physical activities.

GOur world has become so rich in food that we can be led to consume too much in ways we can't understand.

37.

ALack of access to fresh fruits and vegetables is a cause of obesity.

BObesity rates have increased.

CFresh fruits and vegetables we choose in a supermarket are related to obesity.

DBut there was no obvious decrease in physical activity levels as obesity rates climbed in the 1980s and 1990s.

EPeople hold different views on obesity.

FPeople benefit a lot from physical activities.

GOur world has become so rich in food that we can be led to consume too much in ways we can't understand.

38.

ALack of access to fresh fruits and vegetables is a cause of obesity.

BObesity rates have increased.

CFresh fruits and vegetables we choose in a supermarket are related to obesity.

DBut there was no obvious decrease in physical activity levels as obesity rates climbed in the 1980s and 1990s.

EPeople hold different views on obesity.

FPeople benefit a lot from physical activities.

GOur world has become so rich in food that we can be led to consume too much in ways we can't understand.

39.

ALack of access to fresh fruits and vegetables is a cause of obesity.

BObesity rates have increased.

CFresh fruits and vegetables we choose in a supermarket are related to obesity.

DBut there was no obvious decrease in physical activity levels as obesity rates climbed in the 1980s and 1990s.

EPeople hold different views on obesity.

FPeople benefit a lot from physical activities.

GOur world has become so rich in food that we can be led to consume too much in ways we can't understand.

40.

ALack of access to fresh fruits and vegetables is a cause of obesity.

BObesity rates have increased.

CFresh fruits and vegetables we choose in a supermarket are related to obesity.

DBut there was no obvious decrease in physical activity levels as obesity rates climbed in the 1980s and 1990s.

EPeople hold different views on obesity.

FPeople benefit a lot from physical activities.

GOur world has become so rich in food that we can be led to consume too much in ways we can't understand.

分值: 10分 查看题目解析 >
1

阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当的内容(1个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式。

Once a farmer lost his watch in his barn, in which lots of grain was kept. The watch,   61   was a gift from his father, was very important to him and he was determined to find it.

After searching the barn for a long time, however, he gave up and asked for help from a group of children who were playing nearby. He promised to give a great reward to   62   found the watch.

   63   (hear)this, the children hurried inside the barnimmediately.    64    searched everywhere but still could not findthe watch buried in the grain. The farmer was about to give up  65   alittle boy went up to him and asked to be given    66   secondchance.

The farmer looked at him and thought, “Why not? After all, this kidlooks honest.”

So the farmer sent the little boy back into the barn. After a while thelittle boy came out   67   the watch in his hand! The farmer,    68    (surprise) but happy, asked the boy how hesucceeded where the rest had failed.

The boy replied, “I did nothing but    69    (sit) quietly and listen for the sound of thewatch.”

This shows us that sometimes a peaceful mind can think    70  (well) than an excited one.

【语篇导读】本文降生了一个老农民将手表丢到谷仓里,让孩子们帮他找到手表的故事,其中一个男孩坐在谷仓里听表走的声音,最后终于找到了手表,这个故事告诉我们遇事要冷静沉着。



61.

62.

63.

64.

65.

66.

67.

68.

69.

70.

分值: 15分 查看题目解析 >
1

基础知识测试(共10小题;每小题1分,满分10分)

注意:1-5题为单词拼写(每空一词)

1. Nobody can go out of school on workday without the teachers’ ______(许可).

2. It is so wet there that the trees are extremely tall, some ____________ (量起来) over 90 meters.

3. He accepted the job without__________. (犹豫)

4.The hostess had the_____________(请柬) delivered a week before the party.

5. Read the __________(说明书) on the medicine thoroughly.

6-10题为完成句子 (不限词数)。

6. He thought his marketing plan was perfect, but _____________(正相反), it was not and it failed.

7. 有了科学的农业生产方法,他们的土地产量更高。

_______________ scientific farming methods, they have been able to use less farmland to produce more.

(用equip短语表达)

8.________________(令我满意的是), I have passed the examination.

9. The workers in the factory are paid _______________. 这个工厂的工人按小时计酬。

10. The manager was delighted to see so many new products _________ (develop) after great effort.

分值: 10分 查看题目解析 >
1

B

Back in 2003 an 86-year-old man drove his Buick through a crowded farmers’ market. Nine people were killed. More than fifty-four people were hurt, fourteen with serious injuries. When he finally stopped, the 86-year-old man got out his car and screamed at people to get out of the way. No alcohol or drugs were found in his system. Apparently, he was just old and confused.

This is a frightening accident, and it is not a rare one. There are many examples of elderly drivers driving into swimming pools, houses, storefronts, or worse.

In our teenage years, we all heard “driving is not a right; it’s a privilege.” That is still true, and there comes an age when driving is no longer a privilege that can be allowed. After a certain age, eyesight and dementia(痴呆) are very serious concerns. Undoubtedly, these age-related problems affect some older adults’ driving ability. By the time a person is between eighty-five and ninety years old, his or her driving privilege should be examined.

Licensing laws vary greatly from state to state, and it’s time for a national law on the maximum age limit for driving. The motivation for this law is safety. Another option is to start with laws that ban anyone over the age of eighty-five from driving after sundown, because driving conditions are not as safe as daylight hours. Still another option that may allow elderly drivers to continue driving could be new technology like a voice warning system that cautions drivers on busy streets or at traffic lights. Finally, since there are laws against driving under the influence of alcohol and drugs, shouldn’t some prescription drugs also be included? The average age of 85-year-old is undoubtedly taking at least one prescription drug daily.

The thought of an 86-year-old driver with failing eyesight running down the road in a two-ton piece of metal is unsettling to us all. Driving at an advanced age is not only challenging for the elderly drivers, but also it’s dangerous for the rest of us.

【语篇导读】本文是一篇议论文,文章开头引出一位86高龄的老人开车造成的事故,主要讲述了因为各种原因,老年司机开车很不安全,因此应该有法律规定老年司机的年龄限制。

25. The first paragraph is written in order to show_________.

Athe harm of driving at an old age

Bthe importance of traffic safety

Ctraffic accidents are on the rise

Dmany elderly drivers are careless

26. The author suggests that there should be new laws against driving __________.

Aover eighty-five

Bbetween sunset and dawn

Cwith the help of voice warning systems

Dunder the influence of prescription drugs

27. The underlined word “unsettling” in the last paragraph is closest in meaning to “________”.

Adisappointing

Bworrying

Ctouching

DInteresting

28. Which of the following would be the best title for the text?

AHow to keep old people safe on the road?

BAre drivers well protected by licensing laws?

CShould there be an age limit for elderly drivers?

DIs driving a right or a privilege for an old person?

分值: 8分 查看题目解析 >
填空题 本大题共1小题,每小题10分,共10分。把答案填写在题中横线上。
1

短文中共有10处语言错误,每行中最多两处错误。错误涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。

增加:在此处加一个漏字符号(∧),并在其下面写出增加的词; 删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉;

修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在其下面写出修改后的词。

注意:1.每处错误及其修改均仅限一词; 2.只允许修改10处,多者(从十一处起)不计分。

My parents decided try a new Western restaurant last weekend, so I went with them. The evening started well and the menu looks good. I had soup with my starter but the waiter didn't bring a spoon so it was getting a bit cold after I could eat it. Then, for our main course, I had a piece of beef. Besides, I couldn't cut the beef because of my knife wasn't very good. For my dessert I had a apple pie but I didn't have a fork or a spoon so I ate them with my fingers! What a terribly experience!

分值: 10分 查看题目解析 >
书面表达 本大题共25分。
1

第4节   假定你是李华,你的外教Mr. Pick回国前向你推荐了American School Life网站,希望你借此提高英语水平。请你用英语给他写一封电子邮件,告诉他你的收获,要点如下:1. 表达思念;2. 上网收获;3. 表示感激。
注意:1. 词数100词左右;  2. 可适当发挥,以使行文连贯; 3. 开头和结尾已为你写好,不计入总词数。  
Dear Mr. Pick,
____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
                                                              Yours,
                                                              Li Hua

Li Hua

分值: 25分 查看题目解析 >
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