• 英语 2018年高三山西省第一次模拟试题
单选题 本大题共15小题,每小题3分,共45分。在每小题给出的4个选项中,有且只有一项是符合题目要求。
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第一节  (共15个小题,每小题3分,满分45分)

    阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C和D)中,选出最佳选项

                                A

    I am Henry Jekyll. I was born in the 1800s. I inherited(继承) a large fortune, a healthy body and an excellent mind. I was naturally hard-working and soon I was very successful in my job. So the outside world saw a serious, hard-working, successful doctor. Behind this quiet character, however, was a wild, fun-loving, irresponsible young man. Both of them were me. They lived together in the same body.

    “Was it possible,” I wondered, “to find a drug that could give each side of my character its own separate face and body?”

    After much thought and careful study I believed I had found the answer. I had read many scientific books and spent many hours in my laboratory, searching for the right mixture of chemicals to make my drug. At last I got everything ready.

    Late one night, I mixed everything together and prepared my drug. I watched the smoke rising from the liquid as its color changed from red to purple and at last to green. Then, bravely, I drank every bitter drop.

    I felt a violent sickness in my stomach and a terrible pain in all my bones. The room seemed to turn round and round and I trembled with fear. Then the fear and pain disappeared and a strange, sweet feeling took its place. Wild thoughts danced through my mind—the wild passions of an evil and cruel stranger. But inside myself I felt younger, lighter, more carefree than ever before. “If this is pure evil,” I thought, “I like it.”

    I stood there, enjoying these strange new thoughts and passions and suddenly realized that I was shorter. So I decided to go to my bedroom in my new body and take a look at myself in the mirror there. As I came into my room, I saw Edward Hyde for the first time.

    At that time, the good side of my character was stronger than the evil side. Henry Jekyll had his faults, but he was mostly a good, kind man. I believe that is the reason why Edward Hyde was so much smaller than Henry Jekyll. But that was not the only difference between the two men. Henry Jekyll had a kind, open, honest face. But pure evil stared out of Edward Hyde’s eyes. I felt no dislike, however. Indeed, I welcomed him. Edward Hyde was me, young and strong and full of life. 

In others’ eyes, the writer was ______.

Awild and successful

Bfun-loving and responsible

Cquiet and irresponsible

Dserious and hard-working

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                                A

    I am Henry Jekyll. I was born in the 1800s. I inherited(继承) a large fortune, a healthy body and an excellent mind. I was naturally hard-working and soon I was very successful in my job. So the outside world saw a serious, hard-working, successful doctor. Behind this quiet character, however, was a wild, fun-loving, irresponsible young man. Both of them were me. They lived together in the same body.

    “Was it possible,” I wondered, “to find a drug that could give each side of my character its own separate face and body?”

    After much thought and careful study I believed I had found the answer. I had read many scientific books and spent many hours in my laboratory, searching for the right mixture of chemicals to make my drug. At last I got everything ready.

    Late one night, I mixed everything together and prepared my drug. I watched the smoke rising from the liquid as its color changed from red to purple and at last to green. Then, bravely, I drank every bitter drop.

    I felt a violent sickness in my stomach and a terrible pain in all my bones. The room seemed to turn round and round and I trembled with fear. Then the fear and pain disappeared and a strange, sweet feeling took its place. Wild thoughts danced through my mind—the wild passions of an evil and cruel stranger. But inside myself I felt younger, lighter, more carefree than ever before. “If this is pure evil,” I thought, “I like it.”

    I stood there, enjoying these strange new thoughts and passions and suddenly realized that I was shorter. So I decided to go to my bedroom in my new body and take a look at myself in the mirror there. As I came into my room, I saw Edward Hyde for the first time.

    At that time, the good side of my character was stronger than the evil side. Henry Jekyll had his faults, but he was mostly a good, kind man. I believe that is the reason why Edward Hyde was so much smaller than Henry Jekyll. But that was not the only difference between the two men. Henry Jekyll had a kind, open, honest face. But pure evil stared out of Edward Hyde’s eyes. I felt no dislike, however. Indeed, I welcomed him. Edward Hyde was me, young and strong and full of life. 

The writer wanted to find a drug to ______.

Adiscover the right mixture of chemicals

Bcreate separate bodies for both sides

Cobserve the change of the chemicals

Dmake himself smaller but stronger

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1

                                A

    I am Henry Jekyll. I was born in the 1800s. I inherited(继承) a large fortune, a healthy body and an excellent mind. I was naturally hard-working and soon I was very successful in my job. So the outside world saw a serious, hard-working, successful doctor. Behind this quiet character, however, was a wild, fun-loving, irresponsible young man. Both of them were me. They lived together in the same body.

    “Was it possible,” I wondered, “to find a drug that could give each side of my character its own separate face and body?”

    After much thought and careful study I believed I had found the answer. I had read many scientific books and spent many hours in my laboratory, searching for the right mixture of chemicals to make my drug. At last I got everything ready.

    Late one night, I mixed everything together and prepared my drug. I watched the smoke rising from the liquid as its color changed from red to purple and at last to green. Then, bravely, I drank every bitter drop.

    I felt a violent sickness in my stomach and a terrible pain in all my bones. The room seemed to turn round and round and I trembled with fear. Then the fear and pain disappeared and a strange, sweet feeling took its place. Wild thoughts danced through my mind—the wild passions of an evil and cruel stranger. But inside myself I felt younger, lighter, more carefree than ever before. “If this is pure evil,” I thought, “I like it.”

    I stood there, enjoying these strange new thoughts and passions and suddenly realized that I was shorter. So I decided to go to my bedroom in my new body and take a look at myself in the mirror there. As I came into my room, I saw Edward Hyde for the first time.

    At that time, the good side of my character was stronger than the evil side. Henry Jekyll had his faults, but he was mostly a good, kind man. I believe that is the reason why Edward Hyde was so much smaller than Henry Jekyll. But that was not the only difference between the two men. Henry Jekyll had a kind, open, honest face. But pure evil stared out of Edward Hyde’s eyes. I felt no dislike, however. Indeed, I welcomed him. Edward Hyde was me, young and strong and full of life. 

From the passage we can learn that the writer ______.

Afelt quite delighted right after taking the drug

Bpreferred kind Henry to pure evil Edward

Cwas very sick of the shorter Edward Hyde

Dwas satisfied with both of his bodies

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                                B

    Four years ago, we asked ourselves: what if we could create a shopping experience with no waiting in lines and no checkout? Or could we create a physical store where customers could simply take what they want and go? Our answer to those questions is Amazon Go, where you could experience the idea of “just walk out shopping”.

    Amazon Go is a new kind of store with no checkout required. We created the world’s most advanced shopping technology, so you never have to wait in line. With our “just walk out shopping” experience, simply use the Amazon Go app to enter the store, take the products you want, and go! No lines, no checkout. 

    Our checkout-free shopping experience is made possible by the same types of technologies used in self-driving cars: computer vision, sensor fusion, and deep learning. Our “just walk out technology” automatically detects when products are taken from or returned to the shelves and keeps track of them in your virtual cart. When you’re done shopping, you can just leave the store. Shortly after, we’ll charge your Amazon account and send you a receipt.

    We offer delicious ready-to-eat breakfast, lunch, dinner, and snack options made fresh every day by our on-site chefs and favorite local kitchens and bakeries. Our selection of foodstuff ranges from bread and milk to cheeses and locally made chocolates. You’ll find well-known brands we love, plus special finds we’re excited to introduce to customers. For a quick home-cooked dinner, pick up one of our chef-designed Amazon Meal Kits, and you can make a meal for two in about 30 minutes.

    Our 1,800-square-foot shopping space is conveniently compact(紧凑的), so busy customers can get in and out fast. It is located at 2131, 7th Ave, Seattle, WA, on the corner of 7th Avenue and Blanchard Street. All you need is an Amazon account, a supported smart phone, and the free Amazon Go app.

    Amazon Go is currently only open to Amazon employees in our testing program, and will be open to the public soon. 

From the passage, we can learn that Amazon Go ______.

Ais a checkout-free store

Bsells all kinds of goods

Cis open to the public

Duses unknown technologies

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                                B

    Four years ago, we asked ourselves: what if we could create a shopping experience with no waiting in lines and no checkout? Or could we create a physical store where customers could simply take what they want and go? Our answer to those questions is Amazon Go, where you could experience the idea of “just walk out shopping”.

    Amazon Go is a new kind of store with no checkout required. We created the world’s most advanced shopping technology, so you never have to wait in line. With our “just walk out shopping” experience, simply use the Amazon Go app to enter the store, take the products you want, and go! No lines, no checkout. 

    Our checkout-free shopping experience is made possible by the same types of technologies used in self-driving cars: computer vision, sensor fusion, and deep learning. Our “just walk out technology” automatically detects when products are taken from or returned to the shelves and keeps track of them in your virtual cart. When you’re done shopping, you can just leave the store. Shortly after, we’ll charge your Amazon account and send you a receipt.

    We offer delicious ready-to-eat breakfast, lunch, dinner, and snack options made fresh every day by our on-site chefs and favorite local kitchens and bakeries. Our selection of foodstuff ranges from bread and milk to cheeses and locally made chocolates. You’ll find well-known brands we love, plus special finds we’re excited to introduce to customers. For a quick home-cooked dinner, pick up one of our chef-designed Amazon Meal Kits, and you can make a meal for two in about 30 minutes.

    Our 1,800-square-foot shopping space is conveniently compact(紧凑的), so busy customers can get in and out fast. It is located at 2131, 7th Ave, Seattle, WA, on the corner of 7th Avenue and Blanchard Street. All you need is an Amazon account, a supported smart phone, and the free Amazon Go app.

    Amazon Go is currently only open to Amazon employees in our testing program, and will be open to the public soon. 

What is mainly discussed in Paragraph 3?

AWhen Amazon Go charges.

BHow Amazon Go works.

CWhere Amazon Go lies.

DWhat Amazon Go sells.

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                                B

    Four years ago, we asked ourselves: what if we could create a shopping experience with no waiting in lines and no checkout? Or could we create a physical store where customers could simply take what they want and go? Our answer to those questions is Amazon Go, where you could experience the idea of “just walk out shopping”.

    Amazon Go is a new kind of store with no checkout required. We created the world’s most advanced shopping technology, so you never have to wait in line. With our “just walk out shopping” experience, simply use the Amazon Go app to enter the store, take the products you want, and go! No lines, no checkout. 

    Our checkout-free shopping experience is made possible by the same types of technologies used in self-driving cars: computer vision, sensor fusion, and deep learning. Our “just walk out technology” automatically detects when products are taken from or returned to the shelves and keeps track of them in your virtual cart. When you’re done shopping, you can just leave the store. Shortly after, we’ll charge your Amazon account and send you a receipt.

    We offer delicious ready-to-eat breakfast, lunch, dinner, and snack options made fresh every day by our on-site chefs and favorite local kitchens and bakeries. Our selection of foodstuff ranges from bread and milk to cheeses and locally made chocolates. You’ll find well-known brands we love, plus special finds we’re excited to introduce to customers. For a quick home-cooked dinner, pick up one of our chef-designed Amazon Meal Kits, and you can make a meal for two in about 30 minutes.

    Our 1,800-square-foot shopping space is conveniently compact(紧凑的), so busy customers can get in and out fast. It is located at 2131, 7th Ave, Seattle, WA, on the corner of 7th Avenue and Blanchard Street. All you need is an Amazon account, a supported smart phone, and the free Amazon Go app.

    Amazon Go is currently only open to Amazon employees in our testing program, and will be open to the public soon. 

Customers pay for the products from Amazon Go by ______.

Apaying cash at the counter

Bwalking out of the store

Cusing their Amazon accounts

Dscanning smart phones when leaving

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                                B

    Four years ago, we asked ourselves: what if we could create a shopping experience with no waiting in lines and no checkout? Or could we create a physical store where customers could simply take what they want and go? Our answer to those questions is Amazon Go, where you could experience the idea of “just walk out shopping”.

    Amazon Go is a new kind of store with no checkout required. We created the world’s most advanced shopping technology, so you never have to wait in line. With our “just walk out shopping” experience, simply use the Amazon Go app to enter the store, take the products you want, and go! No lines, no checkout. 

    Our checkout-free shopping experience is made possible by the same types of technologies used in self-driving cars: computer vision, sensor fusion, and deep learning. Our “just walk out technology” automatically detects when products are taken from or returned to the shelves and keeps track of them in your virtual cart. When you’re done shopping, you can just leave the store. Shortly after, we’ll charge your Amazon account and send you a receipt.

    We offer delicious ready-to-eat breakfast, lunch, dinner, and snack options made fresh every day by our on-site chefs and favorite local kitchens and bakeries. Our selection of foodstuff ranges from bread and milk to cheeses and locally made chocolates. You’ll find well-known brands we love, plus special finds we’re excited to introduce to customers. For a quick home-cooked dinner, pick up one of our chef-designed Amazon Meal Kits, and you can make a meal for two in about 30 minutes.

    Our 1,800-square-foot shopping space is conveniently compact(紧凑的), so busy customers can get in and out fast. It is located at 2131, 7th Ave, Seattle, WA, on the corner of 7th Avenue and Blanchard Street. All you need is an Amazon account, a supported smart phone, and the free Amazon Go app.

    Amazon Go is currently only open to Amazon employees in our testing program, and will be open to the public soon. 

The main purpose of the passage is to ______.

Aencourage people to shop online

Badvise people to work for Amazon

Cinform people of a new concept store

Dtell people of the shopping experience

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                                C

    Once you find water, a major issue remains: Is it pure? Is it drinkable? And if not, how to make it drinkable?

    You can make a water filter(过滤器)from a cone of birch bark(桦树皮). This cone is then filled with layers of sand, charcoal(木炭), grasses, and other materials. Grasses and sand help to trap suspended particles(悬浮颗粒). Charcoal helps to remove chemical impurities, but not bacteria. You may have to pass the water through the filter more than once, depending on the size of the filter and what it’s made of. Generally speaking, the bigger the filter, and the more layers you have in it, the better.

    The birch bark cone will need to have a fairly small hole in the bottom. The cone will have to be tied with cordage to keep it from opening up. Put a few stones in the very bottom, to help hold your filtering materials in place. Then pour in layers of charcoal, grasses, sand, and  possibly other materials that you feel will help to filter out suspended particles and perhaps even bacteria.

    Once you have constructed the filter, simply pour impure water through the filer, catching it in another container at the bottom.

    This is basically the “well” method of obtaining water. Dig a hole about 2-4 feet from a water source, such as a river. Allow the hole to fill with water. The water in the hole will likely  be reasonably pure.

How do we get purer water?

ABigger filter and less layers.

BSmaller filter and more layers.

CLarger filter and more layers.

DSmaller filter and less layers.

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1

                                C

    Once you find water, a major issue remains: Is it pure? Is it drinkable? And if not, how to make it drinkable?

    You can make a water filter(过滤器)from a cone of birch bark(桦树皮). This cone is then filled with layers of sand, charcoal(木炭), grasses, and other materials. Grasses and sand help to trap suspended particles(悬浮颗粒). Charcoal helps to remove chemical impurities, but not bacteria. You may have to pass the water through the filter more than once, depending on the size of the filter and what it’s made of. Generally speaking, the bigger the filter, and the more layers you have in it, the better.

    The birch bark cone will need to have a fairly small hole in the bottom. The cone will have to be tied with cordage to keep it from opening up. Put a few stones in the very bottom, to help hold your filtering materials in place. Then pour in layers of charcoal, grasses, sand, and  possibly other materials that you feel will help to filter out suspended particles and perhaps even bacteria.

    Once you have constructed the filter, simply pour impure water through the filer, catching it in another container at the bottom.

    This is basically the “well” method of obtaining water. Dig a hole about 2-4 feet from a water source, such as a river. Allow the hole to fill with water. The water in the hole will likely  be reasonably pure.

Why should we put some stones in the very bottom?

AKilling bacteria

BRemoving chemicals.

CBlocking water

DKeeping the materials balanced.

分值: 3分 查看题目解析 >
1

                                C

    Once you find water, a major issue remains: Is it pure? Is it drinkable? And if not, how to make it drinkable?

    You can make a water filter(过滤器)from a cone of birch bark(桦树皮). This cone is then filled with layers of sand, charcoal(木炭), grasses, and other materials. Grasses and sand help to trap suspended particles(悬浮颗粒). Charcoal helps to remove chemical impurities, but not bacteria. You may have to pass the water through the filter more than once, depending on the size of the filter and what it’s made of. Generally speaking, the bigger the filter, and the more layers you have in it, the better.

    The birch bark cone will need to have a fairly small hole in the bottom. The cone will have to be tied with cordage to keep it from opening up. Put a few stones in the very bottom, to help hold your filtering materials in place. Then pour in layers of charcoal, grasses, sand, and  possibly other materials that you feel will help to filter out suspended particles and perhaps even bacteria.

    Once you have constructed the filter, simply pour impure water through the filer, catching it in another container at the bottom.

    This is basically the “well” method of obtaining water. Dig a hole about 2-4 feet from a water source, such as a river. Allow the hole to fill with water. The water in the hole will likely  be reasonably pure.

What does a water filter look like?

AA

BB

CC

DD

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1

                                C

    Once you find water, a major issue remains: Is it pure? Is it drinkable? And if not, how to make it drinkable?

    You can make a water filter(过滤器)from a cone of birch bark(桦树皮). This cone is then filled with layers of sand, charcoal(木炭), grasses, and other materials. Grasses and sand help to trap suspended particles(悬浮颗粒). Charcoal helps to remove chemical impurities, but not bacteria. You may have to pass the water through the filter more than once, depending on the size of the filter and what it’s made of. Generally speaking, the bigger the filter, and the more layers you have in it, the better.

    The birch bark cone will need to have a fairly small hole in the bottom. The cone will have to be tied with cordage to keep it from opening up. Put a few stones in the very bottom, to help hold your filtering materials in place. Then pour in layers of charcoal, grasses, sand, and  possibly other materials that you feel will help to filter out suspended particles and perhaps even bacteria.

    Once you have constructed the filter, simply pour impure water through the filer, catching it in another container at the bottom.

    This is basically the “well” method of obtaining water. Dig a hole about 2-4 feet from a water source, such as a river. Allow the hole to fill with water. The water in the hole will likely  be reasonably pure.

The text is mainly intended to present a method of      .

Aabsorbing water

Bcleaning water

Cfinding water

Dboiling water

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                                D

    A large body of research has been developed in recent years to explain many aspects of willpower. Most of the researchers exploring self-control do so with an obvious goal in mind: How can willpower be strengthened? If willpower is truly a limited resource, as the research suggests, what can be done to make it stay strong?

    Avoiding temptation(诱惑) is an effective method for maintaining self-control, which is called the “out of sight, out of mind” principle. One recent study, for instance, found office workers are less attracted to candy in the desk drawer than that on top of their desks, in plain sight. 

    The research suggesting that we possess a limited reservoir of self-control raises a troubling question. When we face too many temptations, are we to fail? Not necessarily. Researchers don’t believe that one’s willpower is ever completely exhausted. Rather, people appear to hold some willpower in reserve, saved for future demands. The right motivation allows us to tap into those reserves, allowing us to carry on even when our self-control strength has been run down. High motivation might help overcome weakened willpower—at least to a point.

    Willpower may also be made less vulnerable(脆弱) to being exhausted in the first place. Researchers who study self-control often describe it as being like a muscle that gets tired with heavy use. But there is another aspect to the muscle comparison, they say. While muscles become exhausted by exercise in the short term, they are strengthened by regular exercise in the long term. Similarly, regular practices of self-control may improve willpower strength.

    The evidence from willpower-exhaustion studies also suggests that making a list of resolutions on New Year’s Eve is the worst possible approach. Being exhausted in one area can reduce willpower in other areas, so it makes more sense to focus on a single goal at a time. In other words, don’t try to quit smoking, adopt a healthy diet and start a new exercise plan at the same time. Taking goals one by one is a better approach. Once a good habit is in place, Baumeister says, you’ll no longer need to draw on your willpower to maintain the behavior. Eventually healthy habits will become routine, and won’t require making decisions at all.

    Many questions about the nature of self-control remain to be answered by further research. Yet it seems likely that with clear goals, good self-monitoring and a little practice, you can train your willpower to stay strong in the face of temptation. 

From the studies in the passage we learn that ______.

Apeople have unlimited self-control

Bhigh motivation ensures one’s success

Cwillpower is hardly completely exhausted

Dtoo many temptations often lead to failure

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                                D

    A large body of research has been developed in recent years to explain many aspects of willpower. Most of the researchers exploring self-control do so with an obvious goal in mind: How can willpower be strengthened? If willpower is truly a limited resource, as the research suggests, what can be done to make it stay strong?

    Avoiding temptation(诱惑) is an effective method for maintaining self-control, which is called the “out of sight, out of mind” principle. One recent study, for instance, found office workers are less attracted to candy in the desk drawer than that on top of their desks, in plain sight. 

    The research suggesting that we possess a limited reservoir of self-control raises a troubling question. When we face too many temptations, are we to fail? Not necessarily. Researchers don’t believe that one’s willpower is ever completely exhausted. Rather, people appear to hold some willpower in reserve, saved for future demands. The right motivation allows us to tap into those reserves, allowing us to carry on even when our self-control strength has been run down. High motivation might help overcome weakened willpower—at least to a point.

    Willpower may also be made less vulnerable(脆弱) to being exhausted in the first place. Researchers who study self-control often describe it as being like a muscle that gets tired with heavy use. But there is another aspect to the muscle comparison, they say. While muscles become exhausted by exercise in the short term, they are strengthened by regular exercise in the long term. Similarly, regular practices of self-control may improve willpower strength.

    The evidence from willpower-exhaustion studies also suggests that making a list of resolutions on New Year’s Eve is the worst possible approach. Being exhausted in one area can reduce willpower in other areas, so it makes more sense to focus on a single goal at a time. In other words, don’t try to quit smoking, adopt a healthy diet and start a new exercise plan at the same time. Taking goals one by one is a better approach. Once a good habit is in place, Baumeister says, you’ll no longer need to draw on your willpower to maintain the behavior. Eventually healthy habits will become routine, and won’t require making decisions at all.

    Many questions about the nature of self-control remain to be answered by further research. Yet it seems likely that with clear goals, good self-monitoring and a little practice, you can train your willpower to stay strong in the face of temptation. 

The underlined phrase “tap into” in Paragraph 3 most probably means ______.

Amake use of

Brun out of

Cbuild

Dincrease

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                                D

    A large body of research has been developed in recent years to explain many aspects of willpower. Most of the researchers exploring self-control do so with an obvious goal in mind: How can willpower be strengthened? If willpower is truly a limited resource, as the research suggests, what can be done to make it stay strong?

    Avoiding temptation(诱惑) is an effective method for maintaining self-control, which is called the “out of sight, out of mind” principle. One recent study, for instance, found office workers are less attracted to candy in the desk drawer than that on top of their desks, in plain sight. 

    The research suggesting that we possess a limited reservoir of self-control raises a troubling question. When we face too many temptations, are we to fail? Not necessarily. Researchers don’t believe that one’s willpower is ever completely exhausted. Rather, people appear to hold some willpower in reserve, saved for future demands. The right motivation allows us to tap into those reserves, allowing us to carry on even when our self-control strength has been run down. High motivation might help overcome weakened willpower—at least to a point.

    Willpower may also be made less vulnerable(脆弱) to being exhausted in the first place. Researchers who study self-control often describe it as being like a muscle that gets tired with heavy use. But there is another aspect to the muscle comparison, they say. While muscles become exhausted by exercise in the short term, they are strengthened by regular exercise in the long term. Similarly, regular practices of self-control may improve willpower strength.

    The evidence from willpower-exhaustion studies also suggests that making a list of resolutions on New Year’s Eve is the worst possible approach. Being exhausted in one area can reduce willpower in other areas, so it makes more sense to focus on a single goal at a time. In other words, don’t try to quit smoking, adopt a healthy diet and start a new exercise plan at the same time. Taking goals one by one is a better approach. Once a good habit is in place, Baumeister says, you’ll no longer need to draw on your willpower to maintain the behavior. Eventually healthy habits will become routine, and won’t require making decisions at all.

    Many questions about the nature of self-control remain to be answered by further research. Yet it seems likely that with clear goals, good self-monitoring and a little practice, you can train your willpower to stay strong in the face of temptation. 

The author compares self-control to muscles ______.

Ato prove the long-term effects of willpower

Bto show the significance of regular exercise

Cto argue that self-control can be easily used up

Dto explain the benefits of practicing self-control

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                                D

    A large body of research has been developed in recent years to explain many aspects of willpower. Most of the researchers exploring self-control do so with an obvious goal in mind: How can willpower be strengthened? If willpower is truly a limited resource, as the research suggests, what can be done to make it stay strong?

    Avoiding temptation(诱惑) is an effective method for maintaining self-control, which is called the “out of sight, out of mind” principle. One recent study, for instance, found office workers are less attracted to candy in the desk drawer than that on top of their desks, in plain sight. 

    The research suggesting that we possess a limited reservoir of self-control raises a troubling question. When we face too many temptations, are we to fail? Not necessarily. Researchers don’t believe that one’s willpower is ever completely exhausted. Rather, people appear to hold some willpower in reserve, saved for future demands. The right motivation allows us to tap into those reserves, allowing us to carry on even when our self-control strength has been run down. High motivation might help overcome weakened willpower—at least to a point.

    Willpower may also be made less vulnerable(脆弱) to being exhausted in the first place. Researchers who study self-control often describe it as being like a muscle that gets tired with heavy use. But there is another aspect to the muscle comparison, they say. While muscles become exhausted by exercise in the short term, they are strengthened by regular exercise in the long term. Similarly, regular practices of self-control may improve willpower strength.

    The evidence from willpower-exhaustion studies also suggests that making a list of resolutions on New Year’s Eve is the worst possible approach. Being exhausted in one area can reduce willpower in other areas, so it makes more sense to focus on a single goal at a time. In other words, don’t try to quit smoking, adopt a healthy diet and start a new exercise plan at the same time. Taking goals one by one is a better approach. Once a good habit is in place, Baumeister says, you’ll no longer need to draw on your willpower to maintain the behavior. Eventually healthy habits will become routine, and won’t require making decisions at all.

    Many questions about the nature of self-control remain to be answered by further research. Yet it seems likely that with clear goals, good self-monitoring and a little practice, you can train your willpower to stay strong in the face of temptation. 

To develop a good habit, which of the following does the author prefer?

A“I will give up dessert and do exercise.”

B“I will set three goals this new semester.”

C“I will keep myself from any temptation.”

D“I will read an English novel every month.”

分值: 3分 查看题目解析 >
填空题 本大题共6小题,每小题15分,共90分。把答案填写在题中横线上。
1

第二节 (共5小题;每小题3分,满分15分)

根据短文内容,从短文后的七个选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有2项为多余选项。

                Community Service 

    Nowadays high schools are faced with a very controversial issue whether or not community service hours are needed to graduate. High schools are arguing that 40 hours of community service are needed to graduate, but many upset students are voicing protests(反对) to this demand.  

    Supporters of the community service project argue that while high school students are participating in community service, they will become better aware of what the real world is like. Students will learn valuable life lesson by doing community service.  36  They feel that if high school students are forced to do community service they will begin to see it as a punishment and as something that they have to do because it is required instead of something that they want to do. Students will in the future look back at the community service projects that they were forced to do throughout high school.  37 

    Another idea that the protestors give about this community service issue is time restriction. When a student goes to school full time, he is involved in after-class activities and also works.  38  Supporters argue back that high school students only need to fulfill 40 hours of community service throughout 4 years. If students well manage their time and start the community service in their first year in high school, all they need to do is an hour every other week. 

     39  The protestors argue that high school students do not have their driver’s license, so how are they expected to get to their community service site when their parents or friends are at work or just too busy to give them a ride.  40 . The supporters argue that students can find community service projects close to home or if they live in the country find another student to car pool with.

    In my opinion, community service is a wonderful thing that everyone should be required to do at some point in their life, but are high school students mature and responsible enough to take on community service projects at this stage in their life? 

    A. Protestors have struck back with a very solid argument.

    B. A final controversial issue that appears is transportation.

    C. Students will feel good about themselves for helping others in need.

    D. They will continue to carry a negative attitude towards community service for their lifetime.

    E. Both sides have solid arguments about why community service should or should not be forced upon students. 

    F. Unless the school offers a means of transportation for the students there really is no solution to this problem.

    G. The time that is needed to participate in a community service project may place quite a burden on the student.

分值: 15分 查看题目解析 >
1

第一节(共20小题:每小题2分,满分40分)

    阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的A、B、C和D四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。

    " When I grow up, I'm going to be one of those!" I said this after seeing the Capital Dancing Company perform when I was three. It was the first time that my 41 took on a vivid form and acted as something important to start my training. As I grew older and was 42  to more, my interests in the world of dance 43  varied but that little girl's dream of someday becoming a 44  in the company never left me. In the summer of 2005 when I was 18, I received the phone call which made that dream a 45 ; I became a member of the company 46  back to 1925.

    As I look back on that day now, it surely 47 any sense of reality. I believe I stayed in a state of pleasant disbelief 48  I was halfway through rehearsals (排练) on my first day. I never actually 49 to get the job. After being offered the position, I was completely 50 . I remember shaking with excitement.

    Though I was absolutely thrilled with the change, it did not come without its fair share of 51 .Through the strict rehearsal period of dancing six days a week, I found it vital to 52  up the material fast with every last bit of concentration. It is that extreme 53  to detail and stress on practice that set us 54 . To then follow those high-energy rehearsals 55  a busy show schedule of up to five performances a day, I discovered a new 56  of the words "hard work." What I thought were my physical 57  were pushed much further than I thought 58 . I learned to make each performance better than the last.

    Today, when I look at the unbelievable company that I have the great 59 of being a part of, not only as a member, but as a dance captain, I see a 60 that has inspired not only generations of little girls but a splendid company that continues to develop and grow and inspires people every day to follow their dreams.

41. 

    A. dream             

    B. plan            

    C. hobby             

    D. word

    42. 

    A connected         

    B. expanded         

    C. extended             

    D. exposed 

43. 

    A. certainly         

    B. rarely             

    C. probably             

    D. consistently

44. 

    A. director         

    B. trainer         

    C. dancer             

    D. leader 

45. 

    A. symbol         

    B. memory         

    C. reality             

    D. truth 

46. 

    A. bouncing         

    B. tracking         

    C. turning             

    D. dating 

47. 

    A. adds             

    B. lacks             

    C. makes             

    D. brings

48. 

    A. until             

    B. while             

    C. since                 

    D. when

49. 

    A. expected         

    B. cared             

    C. asked                 

    D. decided

50. 

    A. motivated           

    B. astonished           

    C. relaxed             

    D. convinced 

51. 

    A. advantages           

    B. profits               

    C. challenges         

    D. adventures
     52. 

    A. pick               

    B. mix               

    C. build             

    D. put

53. 

    A. association           

    B. attention           

    C. attraction         

    D. adaptation

54. 

    A. back               

    B. aside               

    C. off                 

    D. apart 

55. 

    A. with               

    B. by                   

    C. over             

    D. beyond

56. 

    A. function           

    B. expression           

    C. usage             

    D. meaning 

57. 

    A. problems           

    B. boundaries           

    C. barriers             

    D. efforts

58. 

    A. necessary           

    B. perfect               

    C. possible             

    D. proper

59. 

    A. talent               

    B. potential           

    C. honor             

    D. responsibility

60. 

    A. tradition           

    B. trend               

    C. victory             

    D. desire

分值: 40分 查看题目解析 >
1

第二节 (共10个小题; 每小题1分,满分10分)

    阅读下面短文,在空白处填入1个适当的单词或括号内单词的正确形式。

    Located at the center of the mainland's coastline, Shanghai has long been a major center of communications, transportation, and international exchange. It is also 61 must on any agenda during a tour of China. Special tourist trains run between Shanghai and the neighboring provinces and tourist bus routes along newly-constructed expressways 62 (offer) great convenience for regional travel.

    Visitors to Shanghai are amazed by the modern metropolis and gateway 63 a developing China. The Orient Pearl TV Tower, 64 (tall) in Asia and third tallest in the world, faces the Bund(上海外滩) across the Huangpu River. When 65 (view) from the Bund, the tower and the Nanpu and Yangpu bridges create a vivid imagery known as "two dragons playing with a pearl." Cruising on the Huangpu River, visitors can appreciate the skyscrapers of the 66 (new) rising Pudong New Area. Nanjing Road 67 (honor) as "China's No. l Street", where shops and restaurants provide products and services with their own characteristics, 68 (make) it an ideal place for shopping, restaurants, 69 (amuse) and sightseeing. The visitors can also visit the birthplace of the Chinese Communist Party, 70 the founding of the party was declared and the first Central Committee was elected.

分值: 10分 查看题目解析 >
1

第一节  单句语法填空,在空白处填入1个适当的单词或括号内单词的正确形式。(共10小题;每小题0.5分,满分5分)

71. Scientists have many theories about how the universe first came into ___________(exist). 

72. It takes her quite a while to adjust to ________ (live) alone. 

73. The firefighters were trying to rescue those_________ (trap) in the burning hotel. 

74. Tired and __________(discourage), he finally gave up. 

75. He ________(confirm) as captain for the rest of the season yesterday. 

76. These animals typically live between the surface of the ocean and a _________(deep) of about 3,300 feet--- as far as most light can reach. 

77. Most commentators fail to come up with a _________ (convince) explanation for this English weather---speak. 

78. There is some doubt ________ he is suitable for the job. 

79. We managed to secure the committee’s ___________ (approve) of our plans. 

80. I would rather you ________(tell) me the truth yesterday.

分值: 5分 查看题目解析 >
1

第二节 短文改错(共10小题,每小题1分,满分10分)

    下面的短文中共有10处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。错误涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。

    增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧),并在其下面写出该加的词。

    删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。

    修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。

注意:1.每处错误及其修改均仅限一词;

          2.只允许修改10处,多者(从第11处起)不计分。

    Patience plays a vital role in achieving our goals. Once I waited a bus to come at a stop. 30 minutes passed, and no bus came. Both upset and annoyed, I decided to walk on feet. But no sooner had I left when the bus arrived. I thought if I had waited for one more minute, I would have caught it. If I chose to take a next bus, I would have to wait for other 30 minutes. Only then do I realize my problem. Being impatient will possible waste all the effort that we have put it in. Now whenever I am close to lose my patience, I’ll think of this experience.

分值: 10分 查看题目解析 >
1

第三节 书面表达 (满分25分)

    假如你是南阳中学的李华,你校拟选拔一批优秀学生,利用寒假时间到世界外国语小学(World Foreign Language Primary School )给外国小朋友辅导汉语。你希望参加此活动。请根据以下提示,用英语给校评选组写一封申请信:

    1.对此活动的理解;

    2.个人优点;

    3.你的打算。

注意:

    1.词数100左右;

    2.可以适当增加细节,以使行文连贯;

    3.开头语和结束语已为你写好,不计入总词数。

Dear Sir or Madam,

    I am Li Hua from Nanyang High School. _____________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________

    Looking forward to your reply.

                                            Yours,

                                            Li Hua

分值: 25分 查看题目解析 >
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