• 2015年高考真题 英语 (四川卷)
单选题 本大题共10小题,每小题1分,共10分。在每小题给出的4个选项中,有且只有一项是符合题目要求。

1. —Sorry, I forgot to lock the door.

—______. Mike can do it later.

ANo way

BTake your time

CNothing serious

DYou're welcome

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2. You _____ be careful with the camera. It costs!





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3. The books on the desk, covers are shiny, are prizes for us.





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4. More expressways in Sichuan soon to promote the local economy.

Aare being built

Bwill be built

Chave been built

Dhad been built

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7. Andy is content with the toy. It is he has ever got.

Aa better

Bthe better

Ca best

Dthe best

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10. Niki is always full of ideas, but is useful to my knowledge.


Bno one



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5. Brian is gifted in writing music; he is very likely to be Beethoven.





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6. There is only one more day to go your favorite music group play live.





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8. The exhibition tells us we should do something to stop air pollution.





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9. Little Tom sat watching the monkey dancing in front of him.




Dto amaze

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完型填空 本大题共20小题,每小题 1.50分,共30分。


My previous home had a stand of woods behind it and many animals in the backyard. That first year, I 11 feeding peanuts to the blue jays, then the squirrels. The squirrels had no 12 coming up right to me for them. As the months went by, the rabbits saw that I was no 13 and didn’t escape. When I threw carrot slices(薄片),they even came for a nibble(啃). Slowly they came to 14 me, and by the end of the year they were eating out of my hand.

That second year, the rabbits 15 me, and one would even sit up for slices! While I was feeding them, I 16 that a groundhog who used to run away was now talking an 17 interest in this food situation. I carefully extended a long 18 , with a keen eye on those teeth, and 19 , there were times I would have the groundhog sitting next to a rabbit, both munching(津津有味地咀嚼) on carrots. A few months later, while ___20___, she would even turn her back to me. 21 When she was facing away, I reached out and ___22__ scratched(搔)her back with my finger, She didn’t move.

By year three, the rabbits and the groundhog were back. The groundhog ___23__ didn’t have a problem with me scratching her back, and I got an ides, I’d always ___24__, while slicing up carrots, that the end looked like a cap. ____25___ one day, just to see what she would do, I gently 26 one on top of the groundhog’s head. Again, not a ___27__, The next time, I had my camera ready to record what you see here, one of several dozen such pictures, ____28___she had a slice to eat, she never ___29___ the one of her head. It was a fair 30 —I got a pleasure, and she had yet another tasty treat.










































Abefore long

Blong ago

Cover and over

Dall over again










































AEven if

BEver since

CAs far as

DSo long as











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阅读理解 本大题共3小题,每小题2分,共6分。阅读短文,完成下列小题。


31. The card above is _________

Aa ticket

Ba postcard

Can invitation

Dan advertisement

32. The party is for_________

Aa birthday

Bthe Queen

Cbee watching

Dthe National Day

33. According to the card, if you are unable to go, you can .

Areturn the card

Bvisit the Museum

Cignore the message

Dcontact Alice’ mother

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阅读理解 本大题共4小题,每小题2分,共8分。阅读短文,完成下列小题。


Nothing could stop Dad. After he was put on disability for a bad back, he bought a small farm in the country, just enough to grow food for the family. He planted vegetables, fruit trees and even kept bees for honey.

And every week he cleaned Old Man McColgin's chicken house in exchange for manure(肥料). The Smell really burned the inside of your nose. When we complained about the terrible smell, Dad said the stronger the manure, the healthier the crops, and he was right. For example, just one of his cantaloupes filled the entire house with its sweet smell, and the taste was even sweeter.

As the vegetables started coming in, Dad threw himself into cooking. One day, armed with a basket of vegetables, he announced he was going to make stew(炖菜). Dad pulled out a pressure cooker and filled it up with cabbages, eggplants, potatoes, corns, onions and carrots. For about half an hour. the pressure built and the vegetables cooked. Finally, Dad turned off the stove, the pot began to cool and the pressure relief valve sprayed out a cloud of steam. If we thought Dad's pile of chicken manure。was bad, this was 10 times worse. When Dad took off the lid, the smell nearly knocked us out.

Dad carried the pot out and we opened doors and windows to air out the house. Just how bad was it? The neighbors came out of their houses to see if we had a gas leak!

Determined, Dad filled our plates with steaming stew and passed them around it didn’t look that bad, and after the first wave had shut down my ability to smell, it didn’t offend the nose so much, edible, and we drank up every last drop of soup.

34. Why did Dad clean Old Man McColgin’s chicken house regularly?

ATo earn some money for the family.

BTo collect manure for his crops.

CTo get rid of the terrible smell.

DTo set a good example to us.

35. What can we infer about Dad’s stew?

AIt is popular among the neighbors.

BIt contains honey and vegetables.

CIt looks very wonderful.

DIt tastes quite delicious.

36. What does the underlined word “offend” in the last paragraph mean?

ATo attract

BTo upset

CTo air

DTo shut

37. What can we learn about Dad form the text?

AHe is an experienced cook.

BHe is a troublesome father.

CHe has a positive attitude to life.

DHe suffers a lot from his disability.

分值: 8分 查看题目解析 >
阅读理解 本大题共4小题,每小题2分,共8分。阅读短文,完成下列小题。


Across Britain, burnt toast will be served to mothers in bed this morning as older sons and daughters rush to deliver their supermarket bunches of flowers, But, according to a new study, we should be placing a higher value on motherhood all year.

Mothers have long known that their home workload was just heavy as paid work. Now, the new study has shown that if they were paid for their parental labours, they would earn as much as£172, 000 a year.

The study looked at the range of jobs mothers do, as well as the hours they are working, to determine the figure. This would make their yearly income £30, 000 more than the Prime Minister earns.

By analysing the numbers, it found the average mother works 119 hours a week, 40 of which would usually be paid at a standard rate 79 hours as overtime. After questioning 1, 000 mothers with children under 18, it found that , on most days, mums started their routine work at 7am and finished at around 11pm.

To calculate just how much mothers would earn from that labour, it suggested some of the roles that mums could take on, including housekeeper, part-time lawyer, personal trainer and entertainer. being a part-time lawyer, at $48. 98 an hour, would prove to be the most profitable of the “mum jibs”, with psychologist(心理学家)a close second.

It also asked mothers about the challenges they face, with 80 percent making emotional(情感的) demand as the hardest thing about motherhood.

Over a third of mums felt they needed more training and around half said they missed going out with friends.

The study shows mothers matter all year long and not just on, Mother’s Day. The emotional, physical and mental energy mothers devote to their children can be never-ending, but children are also sources of great joy and happiness. Investing(投入)in time for parenting and raising relationships is money well spent.

38. How much would a mother earn a year if working as the Prime Minister?

A£30, 000.

B£142, 000.

C£172, 000.

D£202, 000.

39. The biggest challenge for most mothers is from .

Aemotional demand

Blow pay for work

Cheavy workload

Dlack of training

40. What is stressed in the last paragraph?

AMothers’ importance shows in family all year long.

BThe sacrifices mothers make are huge but worthwhile.

CMothers’ devotion to children can hardly be calculated.

DInvesting time in parenting would bring a financial return.

41. What can we conclude from the study?

AMothers’ working hours should be largely reduced.

BMothers should balance their time for work and rest.

CMothers’ labour is of a higher value than it is realised.

DMothers should be freed from housework for social life.

分值: 8分 查看题目解析 >
阅读理解 本大题共4小题,每小题2分,共8分。阅读短文,完成下列小题。


Their cheery song brightens many a winter's day. But robins are in danger of wearing themselves out by singing too much. Robins are singing all night一as well as during the day, British-based researchers say.

David Dominoni, of Glasgow University, said that light from street lamps, takeaway signs and homes is affecting the birds' biological clock, leading to them being wide awake when they should be asleep.

Dr Dominoni, who is putting cameras inside nesting boxes to track sleeping patterns, said lack of sleep could put the birds' health at risk. His study shows that when robins are exposed to light at night in the lab, it leads to some genes being active at the wrong time of day. And the more birds are exposed to light, the more active they are at night.

He told people at a conference, "There have been a couple of studies suggesting they are increasing their song output at night and during the day they are still singing. Singing is a costly behaviour and it takes energy. So by increasing their song output, there might be some costs of energy. "

And it is not just robins that are being kept awake by artificial light. Blackbirds and seagulls are also being more nocturnal. Dr Dominoni said, "In Glasgow where I live, gulls are a serious problem. I have people coming to me saying `You are the bird expert. Can you help us kill these gulls?'. During the breeding(繁殖)season, between April and June, they are very active at night and very noisy and people can't sleep. "

Although Dr Dominoni has only studied light pollution, other research concluded that robins living in noisy cities have started to sing at night to make themselves heard over loud noise.

However, some birds thrive(兴旺)in noisy environments. A study from California Polytechnic University found more hummingbirds in areas with heavy industrial machinery. It is thought that they are capitalising on their predators(天敌)fleeing to quieter areas.

42. According to Dr Dominoni's study, what causes robins to sing so much?

AThe breeding season.

BThe light in modem

CThe dangerous environment.

DThe noise from heavy machinery.

43. What is the researchers' concern over the increase of birds' song output?

AThe environment might be polluted.

BThe birds' health might be damaged.

CThe industry cost might be increased.

DThe people's hearing might be affected.

44. What does the underlined word "nocturnal" in Paragraph 5 mean?

AActive at night.

BInactive at night.

CActive during the day.

DInactive during the day.

45. Why do some birds thrive in noisy environments?

ABecause there are fewer dangers.

BBecause there is more food to eat.

CBecause there is less light pollution

DBecause there are more places to take shelter.

分值: 8分 查看题目解析 >
阅读理解 本大题共5小题,每小题2分,共10分。阅读短文,完成下列小题。


No one is sure how the ancient Egyptians built the pyramids near Cairo. But a new study suggests they used a little rock‘n’roll. Long-ago builders could have attached wooden pole s to the stones and rolled then across the sand, the scientists say.

“Technically, I think what they’re proposing is possible,” physicist Daniel Bonn said.

People have long puzzled over how the Egyptians moved such huge rocks. And there’s no obvious answer. On average, each of the two million big stones weighed about as much as a large pickup truck. The Egyptians somehow moved the stone blocks to the pyramid site from about one kilometer away.

The most popular view is that Egyptian workers slid the blocks along smooth paths. Many scientists suspect workers first would have put the blocks on sleds(滑板). Then they would have dragged them along paths. To make the work easier, workers may have lubricated the paths either with wet clay or with the fat from cattle. Bonn has now tested this idea by building small sleds and dragging heavy objects over sand.

Evidence from the sand supports this idea. Researchers found small amounts of fat, as well as a large amount of stone and the remains of paths.

However, physicist Joseph West think there might have been a simpler way, who led the new study. West said, “I was inspired while watching a television program showing how sleds might have helped with pyramid construction. I thought, ‘Why don’t they just try rolling the things? ’” A square could be turned into a rough sort of wheel by attaching wooden poles to its sides, he realized. That, he notes , should make a block of stone “a lot easier to roll than a square”.

So he tried it.

He and his students tied some poles to each of four sides of a 30-kilogram stone block. That action turned the block into somewhat a wheel. Then they placed the block on the ground.

They wrapped one end of a rope around the block and pulled. The researchers found they could easily roll the block along different kinds of paths. They calculated that rolling the block required about as much force as moving it along a slippery(滑的)path.

West hasn’t tested his idea on larger blocks, but he thinks rolling has clear advantages over sliding. At least, workers wouldn’t have needed to carry cattle fat or water to smooth the paths.

46. It’s widely believed that the stone blocks were moved to the pyramid site by ______.

Arolling them on roads

Bpushing them over the sand

Csliding them on smooth paths

Ddragging them on some poles

47. The underlined part “lubricated the paths” in Paragraph 4 means ______.

Amade the path wet

Bmade the path hard

Cmade the path wide

Dmade the path slippery

48. What does the underlined word “it” in Paragraph 7 refer to?

ARolling the blocks with poles attached.

BRolling the blocks on wooden wheels.

CRolling poles to move the blocks.

DRolling the blocks with fat.

49. Why is rolling better than sliding according to West ?

ABecause more force is needed for sliding.

BBecause rolling work can be done by fewer cattle.

CBecause sliding on smooth road is more dangerous.

DBecause less preparation on path is needed for rolling.

50. What is the text mainly about?

AAn experiment on ways of moving blocks to the pyramid site.

BAn application of the method of moving blocks to the pyramid site.

CAn argument about different methods of moving blocks to the pyramid site.

DAn introduction to a possible new way of moving blocks to the pyramid site.

分值: 10分 查看题目解析 >
补全信息 本大题共5小题,每小题2分,共10分。把答案填写在题中横线上。


-A: I need to lose some weight. My clothes don’t fit anymore. ______51________

-B: Well, instead of watching TV all day, you could do more exercise.

-A: ______52________

-B: Like cycling, or you could work out at the gym.

-A: I don’t have time. ______53________

-B: OK, then you could change your diet. ______54________

-A: You mean no more hamburgers! Oh no!

-B: OK. ______55________

ALike what?

BI’m too busy.

CWhat should I do ?

DSome more hamburgers?

EBuy some larger clothes then.

FThat’s a good idea. Thanks a lot.

GEat something healthier, like fruit.

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简答题(综合题) 本大题共25分。简答应写出文字说明、证明过程或演算步骤。


It was a hot summer day that found me running down the street with a dollar in my sweaty hand. The closer I got to Sam & Joe's Stationery Store, the more excited I was. After all, a dollar was a tidy sum for an 11-year-old boy in 1961.

Out of breath, I swung open the door and got a blast of cold air that instantly cooled me off. I was in a place of pure happiness. Sam & Joe's had it all一books, candy, toys, baseball cards, puzzles and games. I went directly to the bar and ordered a bottle of soda. There I sat, considering my next move.

Books always came first. I picked out five titles. Next came the candy, rows and rows of it. I chose five candy bars, which brought my total to 75 cents. Then a bottle of cold orange juice, a bag of chips and a pack of Ted Williams baseball cards. After paying the clerk, I still had 5 cents.

I hurried directly to my backyard, where an apple tree patiently waited for me. There, sitting in the shade against its strong trunk, I read my books, ate my candy and drank my orange juice.

As I sat in my own personal heaven, I started thinking about having more. That's when a fantastic life-changing idea popped into head: If I could get more money, could buy more books l liked. buy anything l wanted. That's how it all started.

56. How did the boy fell on his way to Sam & Joe’s (no more than 5 words)

57. What does “a tidy sum” mean in Paragraph 1? (no more than 5 words)

58. What did the boy consider doing first after he ordered soda? (no more than 5 words)

59. What did the boy do while reading? (no more than 5 words)

60. Where was the boy’s “personal heaven”? (no more than 9 words)

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Hi, Janice,

It's been a month since I came to this new school and I really want share with you some of the problems I have been experiencing.

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书面表达 本大题共35分。

62.假如你是李夏。你看到关国留学生Sharon 在网上发贴,. 希望有人能帮助她提高普通话(Mandarin)水平,她可以教英语作为回报。请银据以下提示用英语给她写一封电子邮件。1.表达给她提供帮助的意愿;2.说明你能胜任辅导的理由;3.给出讲好普通话的两点建议;4.提出你学习英语的具体需求。


Hi Sharon,

This is Li Xia. I learned from your post that you want to improve your Mandarin. ____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

Li Xia

分值: 35分 查看题目解析 >
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