• 英语 2017年高三第三次模拟考试
简答题(综合题) 本大题共95分。简答应写出文字说明、证明过程或演算步骤。
1

A

Great white sharks! Just hearing that name makes many people’s hair stand on end. In reality, these big fish have more to fear from us than we do from them. For many years, people killed countless great white sharks in the waters around the United States.

But thanks to conservation (保护) efforts, great whites are making a comeback in the U.S. Two recent studies show that the population of these sharks is rising along the east and west coast.

Why is the growing population of a killer fish something to celebrate? “When you fish too many of them, you start to lose balance in the environment,” says shark researcher Tobey Curtis. As the biggest killer, sharks help keep the populations of fish, seals, and other creatures they eat from growing too large.

In spite of their importance, great white sharks had long been hunted for their meat and their fins (鳍). Then, in 1997, the U.S. government passed a law that didn’t allow the hunting of great whites. Afterwards, the numbers of these sharks in the U.S. waters started to increase.

The law wasn’t the only thing that has helped great whites. Conservationists have also played a part in the sharks’ comeback. The research group OCEARCH is using a method called tagging (加标签) to help change people’s attitudes about great white. They let the public follow each shark as it travels the world’s oceans. OCEARCH also gives each tagged shark a name to help people form a closer connection with the big fish.

The group’s most well-known shark is named Katharine. She was tagged last year near Cape Cod, Massachusetts. Since then, thousands of people have tracked Katharine’s movements on Twitter and the OCEARCH website.

This helps people see sharks in a new way. Chris Fischer, the founder of OCEARCH believes learning to appreciate great whites will encourage people to do more to protect them.

【语篇导读】本文是一篇说明文。描述了白鲸的回归以及人们为保护白鲸所做的努力。

21.The underlined part “makes many people’s hair stand on end” in Paragraph 1 can best be replaced by______.

Aworries many people

Bbores many people

Cfrightens many people

Dinterests many people

22.The law passed in 1997 ______.

Aseemed very helpful

Blet scientists down

Cneeded to be changed

Dmade people like great whites

23.Katharine’s example is used to show that ______.

Agreat whites are in fact lovely animals

Bthe OCEARCH website has a lot of visitors

Cthe number of great whites is growing quickly

DOCEARCH help people get closer to great whites

24.The main purpose of the passage is to ______.

Aintroduce an experiment result

Bmake an advertisement for OCEARCH

Cremind us that big killers are dying out

Dinform us that great whites are making a comeback

分值: 8分 查看题目解析 >
1

Vancouver’s Chinatown—Canada’s largest Chinatown

Vancouver’s Chinatown is North America’s second biggest Chinatown, after San Francisco’s. Mandarin(普通话)and Cantonese are the mother tongues in 30% of Vancouver homes, which makes Chinese the largest “minority” ethnic group(少数民族).

Vancouver’s Chinatown is the place to visit for a taste of Chinese culture.

In Chinatown, there are a lot of traditional products and buildings, such as the stone lions which represent for the prestige(名声;声望),many red lanterns which stands for the happiness. What’s more interesting, in Chinatown, a typical Suzhou garden can be found. Chinatown not only expresses the culture of China to the other cultures, but also one part shows that Vancouver is the multicultural society. Chinatown which carries many Chinese cultures is built by Chinese in Vancouver. In the beginning, Chinatown was the community only for Chinese people, but nowadays, more and more other people from different countries are willing to know the Chinatown. It is the part of the Vancouver’s society, and Chinatown is also changing gradually in order to adjust to Vancouver.

There are lots of interesting markets with many varieties of fresh and dried seafood and mushrooms in the Chinatown. You’ll also find cheap and fine house ware and traditional Chinese medicine. During the summer, on weekend evenings, Keefer and Pender Streets become a busy open-air night market. If you have enough time for a meal, try at one of the many small restaurants. It is not an expensive, multi-course culinary(烹调的)adventure. Relax in the peaceful Dr. Sun Yat-Sen(孙中山)Classical Chinese Garden, or just steps on Pender Street. Visit the Chinese Cultural Centre Museum, or participate in one of its many activities.

【语篇导读】本文是一篇说明文。主要向我们介绍了温哥华的唐人街。

25.In Vancouver’s Chinatown you can see all the things EXCEPT .

Aa typical Suzhou garden

Bthe stone lions

Cthe Chinese History Museum

Dred lanterns

26.From the third paragraph, we can infer that .

ACanadians helped to build Vancouver’s Chinatown

Bonly the Chinese people live in Vancouver’s Chinatown

Cin Vancouver’s Chinatown you can appreciate the culture of Vancouver

Dan increasing number of people come to Vancouver’s Chinatown

27.If you are tired you should have a rest in .

ADr. Sun Yat-Sen Classical Chinese Garden

Bthe Chinese Cultural Centre Museum

Can interesting market on the Pender Street

Done of the many small restaurants

分值: 6分 查看题目解析 >
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阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C和D)中,选出最佳选项。

When I was in junior high school, I was really a bad boy.My history teacher—Mr.Oven criticized me a lot because I was naughty(淘气的)in his class.By the end of the first semester, I’d had enough of his words and had decided that I would get my revenge(报复)on him.

The opportunity arose one morning when Mr.Oven was called to the office for a certain reason.While Mr.Oven left, my company Billy and I took Mr.Oven’s lunch bag from under his desk.I opened his sandwich and placed a worm(虫子) in between the two slices of bread.We put it back and closed it.To keep it in memory, Billy took photos of the whole process.We laughed for weeks over this.

Well, it all went south during Thanksgiving break.Billy’s mother found the pictures in his room, and demanded that he should tell her where these pictures were from.Billy told his mother the whole story, and Mr.Oven was informed.Not only was I punished from school for two weeks, but also I was kicked off the football and basketball team.Before I could return to school, I had to turn in a 1000-word essay on what I did and why I did that.I really felt embarrassed every time I saw Mr.Oven in the hallway for the rest of the school year.I felt a little regret that Mr.Oven left our school the next year.

【语篇导读】本文是一篇记叙文。讲述了作者小时候因为老师批评而向老师的三明治里放虫子的恶作剧,之后老师调往别处时对老师的歉疚。

28.Mr.Oven criticized me a lot because________.

AI didn’t go to his class

BI was naughty in my homework

CI didn’t answer his questions

DI disobeyed his rules in class

29.How can you imagine Mr.Oven would act when he had his lunch?()

AHe would cry out, shocked that the worm lay in his sandwich.

BHe would eat it as usual when he had his sandwich.

CHe would be glad to eat his delicious sandwich with the worm.

DHe would be very hungry when he found the worm in his sandwich.

30.The underlined sentence “Well, it all went south during Thanksgiving break.” in Paragraph 3 probably means________.

ABilly and I went south during Thanksgiving break.

BAll the students left on Thanksgiving break.

CAll the students went south on Thanksgiving break.

DIt was not until Thanksgiving break ended that the secret was let out.

31.Which one was NOT true according to the article?()

AHe had to eat the sandwich he had made for Mr.Oven.

BHe was kicked off the football and basketball team.

CHe had to be punished to leave school for two weeks.

DHe had to write a 1000-word essay to admit his mistake.

分值: 8分 查看题目解析 >
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Kids may need to apologize if they do something they know was wrong-like telling a lie or breaking a rule on purpose. When they do something their parents tell them not to do,or they don't do something they are supposed to do,they apologize,too.

Grown-ups can apologize,too,to other grown-ups or even to kids. After all,even grown-ups make mistakes sometimes. By apologizing when they're wrong,grown-ups can set a good example and show kids how to do the right thing and apologize when they need to.

Saying I'm sorry when you need to is the right thing to do. It does a lot of good. But by itself,it might not be enough to make everything all better again. Sometimes along with an apology,a person needs to fix the mistake or promise to do better. Sometimes doing a nice thing for the person after you apologize helps show that you really are sorry and want to be friendly again.

Sometimes a heartfelt " I'm" sorry fixes everything right away. Other times,it might take a while for someone to feel friendly after you apologize. You might need to give the other person some time. Even after you say you're sorry,you might still feel bad about what you said or did-but you can feel good about apologizing and about making up your mind to do better.

When someone apologizes to you,you might not feel like being friendly again

right away. Once in a while,if a person doesn't change,you might not want to be friends

anymore. You might feel glad that the other person apologized and admitted being wrong. But if someone keeps behaving in mean ways or does something that keeps hurting,you might not feel the same way anymore. Just because someone apologizes to you doesn't mean you have to be friendly again. That part is up to you.

【语篇导读】本文是一篇说明文。告诫我们做错事情后,道歉的重要性。

32.The writer suggests that grown-ups should set a good example of ________.

Aworking hard

Bmaking an apology

Cdoing good deeds

Dmaking mistakes

33.The underlined pronoun "it" (in Paragraph 3) probably refers to ________.

Apromising to do better

Ba lot of good

Cfixing mistakes

Dsaying I'm sorry

34.What would you like your friend to say to you if he/she hurts you?()

AI am really wrong.

BExcuse me.

CI beg your pardon?

DWhat's wrong with you?

35.The passage mainly deals with a topic about ________.

Apolitics

Bhistory

Ccommunication

DScience

分值: 8分 查看题目解析 >
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How to Make Friends

Good friendship has many advantages. bd blank___ But for many of us it is difficult and requires courage. Below are some helpful suggestions on how to make and keep friends.

Start a conversation.

Starting a conversation is an important step in making new friends. bd blank _______ You can always start the conversation. Being able to make a small talk is a very useful skill.

bd blank ______

Choosing friends with common interests is important in building friendship as these interests would always bring you and your friends together. Hanging out will always be a pleasant experience.

Let it grow.

It is a good thing to stay in touch. However, try not to disturb your new friend with too many calls, messages or visits as this would likely make him or her upset and finally you may lose your friend. bd blank _____

Enjoy your friendship.

The best way to enjoy your friendship is to allow your friends to be themselves. Try not to change them from who they are to what you want them to be. bd blank _______

A. Be cheerful.

B. Do things together.

C. Do not wait to be spoken to.

D. Making new friends comes easy for some people.

E. For a friendship to develop you need to stay in touch.

F. The best friendships are the ones that grow naturally.

G. Become the kind of friend you want your friend to be to you.

【语篇解读】本文是一篇关于如何交友的说明文。

36.

37.

38.

39.

40.

分值: 10分 查看题目解析 >
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阅读下列短文,从短文后各题所给的四个选项(A、B、C和D)中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。

I went to a group activity, “Sensitivity Sunday”, which was to make us more bd blank the problems faced by disabled people. We were asked to “bd blank a disability” for several hours one Sunday. Some members, bd blank , chose to use wheelchairs. Others wore sound-blocking earplugs(耳塞)or blindfolds(眼罩).

Just sitting in the wheelchair was a bd blank experience. I had never considered before how bd blank it would be to use one. As soon as I sat down, my bd blank made the chair begin to roll. Its wheels were not bd blank. Then I wondered where to put my bd blank . It took me quite a while to get the metal footrest into bd blank . I took my first uneasy look at what was to be my only means of bd blank for several hours. For disabled people, “adopting a wheelchair” is not a temporary(临时的) bd blank .

I tried to find a bd blank position and thought it might be restful, bd blank kind of nice, to be bd blank around for a while. Looking around, I bd blank I would have to handle the thing myself? My hands started to ache as I bd blank the heavy metal wheels. I came to know that controlling the bd blank of the wheelchair was not going to be a(n) bd blank task.

My wheelchair experiment was soon bd blank . It made a deep impression on me. A few hours of “disability” gave me only a taste of the bd blank , both physical and mental, that disabled people must overcome.

【语篇解读】本文是一篇记叙文,讲述了作者体验残疾人的感悟。

41.

Acurious about

Binterested in

Caware of

Dcareful with

42.

Acure

Bprevent

Cadopt

DAnalyze

43.

Ainstead

Bstrangely

Cas usual

Dlike me

44.

Alearning

Bworking

Csatisfying

DRelaxing

45.

Aconvenient

Bawkward

Cboring

DExciting

46.

Aheight

Bforce

Cskill

DWeight

47.

Alocked

Brepaired

Cpowered

DGrasped

48.

Ahands

Bfeet

Ckeys

DHandles

49.

Aplace

Baction

Cplay

DEffect

50.

Aoperation

Bcommunication

Ctransportation

DProduction

51.

Aexploration

Beducation

Cexperiment

DEntertainment

52.

Aflexible

Bsafe

Cstarting

DComfortable

53.

Ayet

Bjust

Cstill

DEven

54.

Ashown

Bpushed

Cdriven

DGuided

55.

Arealized

Bsuggested

Cagreed

DAdmitted

56.

Alifted

Bturned

Cpressed

DSeized

57.

Apath

Bposition

Cdirection

DWay

58.

Aeasy

Bheavy

Cmajor

DExtra

59.

Aforgotten

Brepeated

Cconducted

DFinished

60.

Aweaknesses

Bchallenges

Canxieties

DIllnesses

分值: 30分 查看题目解析 >
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阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当的内容(不多于3个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式。

Are you facing a situation that looks impossible to fix?

In 1969,the pollution was terrible along the Cuyahoga River Cleveland, Ohio. It __

bd blank____(be)unimaginable that it could ever be cleaned up. The river was so polluted that it ____ bd blank ____(actual)caught fire and burned. Now, ears later, this river is one of _ bd blank ___most outstanding examples of environmental cleanup.

But the river wasn’t changed in a few days __ bd blank ____even a few months. It took years of work__ bd blank ____(reduce ) the industrial pollution and clean the water. Finally, that hard work paid off and now the water in the river is___ bd blank ____(clean) than ever.

Maybe you are facing an impossible situation. Maybe you leave a habit __ bd blank ___is driving your family crazy. Possibly you drink too much or don’t know how to control your credit card use. When you face such an impossible situation ,don’t you want a quick fix and something to change immediately?

While there are ___ bd blank ______(amaze) stories of instant transformation, for most of us the___ bd blank _____(change) are gradual and require a lot of effort and work, like cleaning up a polluted river. Just be bd blank (patience)

【语篇解读】本文是一篇如何解决问题尤其是如何应对看似不可能的事情的说明文。

61.

62.

63.

64.

65.

66.

67.

68.

69.

70.

分值: 15分 查看题目解析 >
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71.短文改错(共10小题;每小题1分,满分10分)

假段定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中共有

10处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(),并在其下面写出该加的词。删除:把多余的词用(\)划掉。

修改:在错的词下画一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。

注意:(1)每处错误及其修改均仅限一词;

(2)只允许修改10处,多者(从第11处起)不计分。

I hardly remember my grandmother. She used to holding me on her knees and sing old songs. I was only four when she passes away. She is just a distant memory for me now.

I remember my grandfather very much. He was tall, with broad shoulder and a beard that turned from black toward gray over the years. He had a deep voice, which set himself apart from others in our small town, he was strong and powerful. In a fact, he even scared my classmates away during they came over to play or do homework with me. However, he was the gentlest man I have never known.

分值: 10分 查看题目解析 >
书面表达 本大题共25分。
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72.书面表达(满分25分)

假定你是李华。你班同学决定为小明举办生日聚会。请你写信邀请外教Susan参加,要点包括:

(1) 时间:周五晚8点至9点

(2)地点:学生俱乐部

(3)内容:生日歌、蛋糕、游戏等

(4)要求:备小礼物

注意:(1)词数100左右,开头语已为你写好;(2)可以适当增加细节,以便行文连贯;(3)答案必须写在答题卡相应的位置上。

Hi, Susan,

We’re throwing a surprise party for Xiaoming’s birthday.

分值: 25分 查看题目解析 >
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