Great white sharks! Just hearing that name makes many people’s hair stand on end. In reality, these big fish have more to fear from us than we do from them. For many years, people killed countless great white sharks in the waters around the United States.
But thanks to conservation (保护) efforts, great whites are making a comeback in the U.S. Two recent studies show that the population of these sharks is rising along the east and west coast.
Why is the growing population of a killer fish something to celebrate? “When you fish too many of them, you start to lose balance in the environment,” says shark researcher Tobey Curtis. As the biggest killer, sharks help keep the populations of fish, seals, and other creatures they eat from growing too large.
In spite of their importance, great white sharks had long been hunted for their meat and their fins (鳍). Then, in 1997, the U.S. government passed a law that didn’t allow the hunting of great whites. Afterwards, the numbers of these sharks in the U.S. waters started to increase.
The law wasn’t the only thing that has helped great whites. Conservationists have also played a part in the sharks’ comeback. The research group OCEARCH is using a method called tagging (加标签) to help change people’s attitudes about great white. They let the public follow each shark as it travels the world’s oceans. OCEARCH also gives each tagged shark a name to help people form a closer connection with the big fish.
The group’s most well-known shark is named Katharine. She was tagged last year near Cape Cod, Massachusetts. Since then, thousands of people have tracked Katharine’s movements on Twitter and the OCEARCH website.
This helps people see sharks in a new way. Chris Fischer, the founder of OCEARCH believes learning to appreciate great whites will encourage people to do more to protect them.
21．The underlined part “makes many people’s hair stand on end” in Paragraph 1 can best be replaced by______.
22．The law passed in 1997 ______.
23．Katharine’s example is used to show that ______.
24．The main purpose of the passage is to ______.
Vancouver’s Chinatown—Canada’s largest Chinatown
Vancouver’s Chinatown is North America’s second biggest Chinatown, after San Francisco’s. Mandarin(普通话)and Cantonese are the mother tongues in 30% of Vancouver homes, which makes Chinese the largest “minority” ethnic group(少数民族).
Vancouver’s Chinatown is the place to visit for a taste of Chinese culture.
In Chinatown, there are a lot of traditional products and buildings, such as the stone lions which represent for the prestige(名声;声望),many red lanterns which stands for the happiness. What’s more interesting, in Chinatown, a typical Suzhou garden can be found. Chinatown not only expresses the culture of China to the other cultures, but also one part shows that Vancouver is the multicultural society. Chinatown which carries many Chinese cultures is built by Chinese in Vancouver. In the beginning, Chinatown was the community only for Chinese people, but nowadays, more and more other people from different countries are willing to know the Chinatown. It is the part of the Vancouver’s society, and Chinatown is also changing gradually in order to adjust to Vancouver.
There are lots of interesting markets with many varieties of fresh and dried seafood and mushrooms in the Chinatown. You’ll also find cheap and fine house ware and traditional Chinese medicine. During the summer, on weekend evenings, Keefer and Pender Streets become a busy open-air night market. If you have enough time for a meal, try at one of the many small restaurants. It is not an expensive, multi-course culinary(烹调的)adventure. Relax in the peaceful Dr. Sun Yat-Sen（孙中山）Classical Chinese Garden, or just steps on Pender Street. Visit the Chinese Cultural Centre Museum, or participate in one of its many activities.
25．In Vancouver’s Chinatown you can see all the things EXCEPT .
26．From the third paragraph, we can infer that .
27．If you are tired you should have a rest in .
When I was in junior high school, I was really a bad boy．My history teacher—Mr．Oven criticized me a lot because I was naughty（淘气的）in his class．By the end of the first semester, I’d had enough of his words and had decided that I would get my revenge（报复）on him.
The opportunity arose one morning when Mr．Oven was called to the office for a certain reason．While Mr．Oven left, my company Billy and I took Mr．Oven’s lunch bag from under his desk．I opened his sandwich and placed a worm（虫子） in between the two slices of bread．We put it back and closed it．To keep it in memory, Billy took photos of the whole process．We laughed for weeks over this.
Well, it all went south during Thanksgiving break．Billy’s mother found the pictures in his room, and demanded that he should tell her where these pictures were from．Billy told his mother the whole story, and Mr．Oven was informed．Not only was I punished from school for two weeks, but also I was kicked off the football and basketball team．Before I could return to school, I had to turn in a 1000-word essay on what I did and why I did that．I really felt embarrassed every time I saw Mr．Oven in the hallway for the rest of the school year．I felt a little regret that Mr．Oven left our school the next year．
28．Mr．Oven criticized me a lot because________.
29．How can you imagine Mr．Oven would act when he had his lunch?（）
30．The underlined sentence “Well, it all went south during Thanksgiving break.” in Paragraph 3 probably means________．
31．Which one was NOT true according to the article?（）
Kids may need to apologize if they do something they know was wrong－like telling a lie or breaking a rule on purpose. When they do something their parents tell them not to do，or they don't do something they are supposed to do，they apologize，too.
Grown-ups can apologize，too，to other grown-ups or even to kids. After all，even grown-ups make mistakes sometimes. By apologizing when they're wrong，grown-ups can set a good example and show kids how to do the right thing and apologize when they need to.
Saying I'm sorry when you need to is the right thing to do. It does a lot of good. But by itself，it might not be enough to make everything all better again. Sometimes along with an apology，a person needs to fix the mistake or promise to do better. Sometimes doing a nice thing for the person after you apologize helps show that you really are sorry and want to be friendly again.
Sometimes a heartfelt " I'm" sorry fixes everything right away. Other times，it might take a while for someone to feel friendly after you apologize. You might need to give the other person some time. Even after you say you're sorry，you might still feel bad about what you said or did－but you can feel good about apologizing and about making up your mind to do better.
When someone apologizes to you，you might not feel like being friendly again
right away. Once in a while，if a person doesn't change，you might not want to be friends
anymore. You might feel glad that the other person apologized and admitted being wrong. But if someone keeps behaving in mean ways or does something that keeps hurting，you might not feel the same way anymore. Just because someone apologizes to you doesn't mean you have to be friendly again. That part is up to you.
32．The writer suggests that grown-ups should set a good example of ________.
33．The underlined pronoun "it" (in Paragraph 3) probably refers to ________.
34．What would you like your friend to say to you if he/she hurts you?（）
35．The passage mainly deals with a topic about ________.
How to Make Friends
Good friendship has many advantages. bd blank___ But for many of us it is difficult and requires courage. Below are some helpful suggestions on how to make and keep friends.
Start a conversation.
Starting a conversation is an important step in making new friends. bd blank _______ You can always start the conversation. Being able to make a small talk is a very useful skill.
bd blank ______
Choosing friends with common interests is important in building friendship as these interests would always bring you and your friends together. Hanging out will always be a pleasant experience.
Let it grow.
It is a good thing to stay in touch. However, try not to disturb your new friend with too many calls, messages or visits as this would likely make him or her upset and finally you may lose your friend. bd blank _____
Enjoy your friendship.
The best way to enjoy your friendship is to allow your friends to be themselves. Try not to change them from who they are to what you want them to be. bd blank _______
A. Be cheerful.
B. Do things together.
C. Do not wait to be spoken to.
D. Making new friends comes easy for some people.
E. For a friendship to develop you need to stay in touch.
F. The best friendships are the ones that grow naturally.
G. Become the kind of friend you want your friend to be to you.
I went to a group activity, “Sensitivity Sunday”, which was to make us more bd blank the problems faced by disabled people. We were asked to “bd blank a disability” for several hours one Sunday. Some members, bd blank , chose to use wheelchairs. Others wore sound-blocking earplugs（耳塞）or blindfolds（眼罩）.
Just sitting in the wheelchair was a bd blank experience. I had never considered before how bd blank it would be to use one. As soon as I sat down, my bd blank made the chair begin to roll. Its wheels were not bd blank. Then I wondered where to put my bd blank . It took me quite a while to get the metal footrest into bd blank . I took my first uneasy look at what was to be my only means of bd blank for several hours. For disabled people, “adopting a wheelchair” is not a temporary（临时的） bd blank .
I tried to find a bd blank position and thought it might be restful, bd blank kind of nice, to be bd blank around for a while. Looking around, I bd blank I would have to handle the thing myself? My hands started to ache as I bd blank the heavy metal wheels. I came to know that controlling the bd blank of the wheelchair was not going to be a(n) bd blank task.
My wheelchair experiment was soon bd blank . It made a deep impression on me. A few hours of “disability” gave me only a taste of the bd blank , both physical and mental, that disabled people must overcome.
Are you facing a situation that looks impossible to fix?
In 1969,the pollution was terrible along the Cuyahoga River Cleveland, Ohio. It __
bd blank____（be）unimaginable that it could ever be cleaned up. The river was so polluted that it ____ bd blank ____(actual)caught fire and burned. Now, ears later, this river is one of _ bd blank ___most outstanding examples of environmental cleanup.
But the river wasn’t changed in a few days __ bd blank ____even a few months. It took years of work__ bd blank ____(reduce ) the industrial pollution and clean the water. Finally, that hard work paid off and now the water in the river is___ bd blank ____(clean) than ever.
Maybe you are facing an impossible situation. Maybe you leave a habit __ bd blank ___is driving your family crazy. Possibly you drink too much or don’t know how to control your credit card use. When you face such an impossible situation ,don’t you want a quick fix and something to change immediately?
While there are ___ bd blank ______(amaze) stories of instant transformation, for most of us the___ bd blank _____(change) are gradual and require a lot of effort and work, like cleaning up a polluted river. Just be bd blank (patience)
I hardly remember my grandmother. She used to holding me on her knees and sing old songs. I was only four when she passes away. She is just a distant memory for me now.
I remember my grandfather very much. He was tall, with broad shoulder and a beard that turned from black toward gray over the years. He had a deep voice, which set himself apart from others in our small town, he was strong and powerful. In a fact, he even scared my classmates away during they came over to play or do homework with me. However, he was the gentlest man I have never known.
We’re throwing a surprise party for Xiaoming’s birthday.