• 2019年高考真题 英语 (全国I卷)
单选题 本大题共20小题,每小题1.5分,共30分。在每小题给出的4个选项中,有且只有一项是符合题目要求。

2. What does Jack want to do?

ATake fitness classes.

BBuy a pair of gym shoes.

CChange his work schedule.

分值: 1.5分 查看题目解析 >

4. What is the relationship between the speakers?




分值: 1.5分 查看题目解析 >

6. How long did James run his business?

A10 years.

B13 years.

C15 years.

分值: 1.5分 查看题目解析 >

7. How does the woman feel about James’ situation?




分值: 1.5分 查看题目解析 >

9. What did Kate’s mother study at college?

AOil painting.

BArt history.

CBusiness administration.

分值: 1.5分 查看题目解析 >

1. Where does this conversation take place?

AIn a classroom.

BIn a hospital.

CIn a museum.

分值: 1.5分 查看题目解析 >

3. What are the speakers talking about?

AWhat to drink.

BWhere to meet.

CWhen to leave.

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5. Why is Emily mentioned in the conversation?

AShe might want a ticket.

BShe is looking for the man.

CShe has an extra ticket.

分值: 1.5分 查看题目解析 >

8. What has Kate’s mother decided to do?

AReturn to school.

BChange her job.

CRetire from work.

分值: 1.5分 查看题目解析 >

10. What is Kate’s attitude toward her mother’s decision?




分值: 1.5分 查看题目解析 >

14. Why does the man seldom do exercise?

AHe lacks motivation.

BHe has a heart problem.

CHe works all the time.

分值: 1.5分 查看题目解析 >

15. What does Jacob Sattelmair probably do?

AHe’s an athlete.

BHe’s a researcher.

CHe’s a journalist.

分值: 1.5分 查看题目解析 >

16. Why does the woman speak of a study?

ATo encourage the man.

BTo recommend an exercise.

CTo support her findings.

分值: 1.5分 查看题目解析 >

17. How much time will the man probably spend exercising weekly?

A300 minutes.

B150 minute.

C75 minutes.

分值: 1.5分 查看题目解析 >

11. What is the man doing?

AChairing a meeting.

BHosting a radio program.

CConducting a job interview.

分值: 1.5分 查看题目解析 >

12. What benefits Mary most in her job?

AHer wide reading.

BHer leaders’ guidance.

CHer friends’ help.

分值: 1.5分 查看题目解析 >

13. Who will Mary talk about next?

AHer teacher.

BHer father.

CHer mother.

分值: 1.5分 查看题目解析 >

18. What did the scientists do to the road?

AThey repaired it.

BThey painted it.

CThey blocked it

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19. Why are young birds drawn to the road surface?

AIt’s warm.

BIt’s brown.

CIt’s smooth.

分值: 1.5分 查看题目解析 >

20. What is the purpose of the scientists’ experiment?

ATo keep the birds there for a whole year.

BTo help students study the birds well.

CTo prevent the birds from being killed.

分值: 1.5分 查看题目解析 >
简答题(综合题) 本大题共85分。简答应写出文字说明、证明过程或演算步骤。


For Canaan Elementary’s second grade in Patchogue, N.Y.,today is speech day, and right now it’s Chris Palaez’s turn. The 8-year-old is the joker of the class. With shining dark eyes, he seems like the kind of kid who would enjoy public speaking.

But he’s nervous."I’m here to tell you today why you should … should…"Chris trips on the"-ld,"a  pronunciation difficulty for many non-native English speakers. His teacher, Thomas Whaley, is next to him, whispering support."…Vote for …me …"Except for some stumbles, Chris is doing amazingly well. When he brings his speech to a nice conclusion, Whaley invites the rest of the class to praise him.

A son of immigrants, Chris started learning English a little over three years ago. Whaley recalls(回想起)how at the beginning of the year, when called upon to read, Chris would excuse himself to go to the bathroom.

Learning English as a second language can be a painful experience. What you need is a great teacher who lets you make mistakes. "It takes a lot for any student," Whaley explains, "especially for a student who is learning English as their new language, to feel confident enough to say, ‘I don’t know,but I want to know.’"

Whaley got the idea of this second-grade presidential campaign project when he asked the children one day to raise their hands if they thought they could never be a president. The answer broke his heart. Whaley says the project is about more than just learning to read and speak in public. He wants these kids to learn to boast(夸耀)about themselves.

"Boasting about yourself, and your best qualities," Whaley says, "is very difficult for a child who came into the classroom not feeling confident."

24. What made Chris nervous?

ATelling a story.

BMaking a speech.

CTaking a test.

DAnswering a question.

25. What does the underlined word "stumbles" in paragraph 2 refer to?

AImproper pauses.

BBad manners.

CSpelling mistakes.

DSilly jokes.

26. We can infer that the purpose of Whaley’s project is to _________.

Ahelp students see their own strengths

Bassess students’ public speaking skills

Cprepare students for their future jobs

Dinspire students’ love for politics

27. Which of the following best describes Whaley as a teacher?





分值: 8分 查看题目解析 >


As data and identity theft becomes more and more common, the market is growing for biometric(生物测量)technologies—like fingerprint scans—to keep others out of private e-spaces. At present, these technologies are still expensive, though.

Researchers from Georgia Tech say that they have come up with a low-cost device(装置)that gets around this problem: a smart keyboard. This smart keyboard precisely measures the cadence(节奏)with which one types and the pressure fingers apply to each key. The keyboard could offer a strong layer of security by analyzing things like the force of a user’s typing and the time between key presses. These patterns are unique to each person. Thus, the keyboard can determine people’s identities, and by extension, whether they should be given access to the computer it’s connected to — regardless of whether someone gets the password right.

It also doesn’t require a new type of technology that people aren’t already familiar with. Everybody uses a keyboard and everybody types differently.

In a study describing the technology, the researchers had 100 volunteers type the word "touch"four times using the smart keyboard. Data collected from the device could be used to recognize different participants based on how they typed, with very low error rates. The researchers say that the keyboard should be pretty straightforward to commercialize and is mostly made of inexpensive, plastic-like parts. The team hopes to make it to market in the near future.

28. Why do the researchers develop the smart keyboard?

ATo reduce pressure on keys.

BTo improve accuracy in typing

CTo replace the password system.

DTo cut the cost of e-space protection.

29. What makes the invention of the smart keyboard possible?

AComputers are much easier to operate.

BFingerprint scanning techniques develop fast.

CTyping patterns vary from person to person.

DData security measures are guaranteed.

30. What do the researchers expect of the smart keyboard?

AIt’ll be environment-friendly.

BIt’ll reach consumers soon.

CIt’ll be made of plastics.

DIt’ll help speed up typing.

31. Where is this text most likely from?

AA diary.

BA guidebook

CA novel.

DA magazine.

分值: 8分 查看题目解析 >


During the rosy years of elementary school(小学), I enjoyed sharing my dolls and jokes, which allowed me to keep my high social status. I was the queen of the playground. Then came my tweens and teens, and mean girls and cool kids. They rose in the ranks not by being friendly but by smoking cigarettes, breaking rules and playing jokes on others, among whom I soon found myself.

Popularity is a well-explored subject in social psychology. Mitch Prinstein, a professor of clinical psychology sorts the popular into two categories: the likable and the status seekers. The likables’ plays-well-with-others qualities strengthen schoolyard friendships, jump-start interpersonal skills and, when tapped early, are employed ever after in life and work. Then there’s the kind of popularity that appears in adolescence: status born of power and even dishonorable behavior.

Enviable as the cool kids may have seemed, Dr. Prinstein’s studies show unpleasant consequences. Those who were highest in status in high school, as well as those least liked in elementary school, are "most likely to engage(从事)in dangerous and risky behavior."

In one study, Dr. Prinstein examined the two types of popularity in 235 adolescents, scoring the least liked, the most liked and the highest in status based on student surveys(调查研究). "We found that the least well-liked teens had become more aggressive over time toward their classmates. But so had those who were high in status. It clearly showed that while likability can lead to healthy adjustment, high status has just the opposite effect on us."

Dr. Prinstein has also found that the qualities that made the neighbors want you on a play date-sharing, kindness, openness — carry over to later years and make you better able to relate and connect with others.

In analyzing his and other research,Dr. Prinstein came to another conclusion: Not only is likability related to positive life outcomes, but it is also responsible for those outcomes, too. "Being liked creates opportunities for learning and for new kinds of life experiences that help somebody gain an advantage, " he said.

32. What sort of girl was the author in her early years of elementary school?





33.What is the second paragraph mainly about?

AThe classification of the popular.

BThe characteristics of adolescents.

CThe importance of interpersonal skills.

DThe causes of dishonorable behavior.

34. What did Dr. Prinstein’s study find about the most liked kids?

AThey appeared to be aggressive.

BThey tended to be more adaptable.

CThey enjoyed the highest status.

DThey performed well academically.

35. What is the best title for the text?

ABe Nice—You Won’t Finish Last

BThe Higher the Status, the Better

CBe the Best—You Can Make It

DMore Self-Control, Less Aggressiveness

分值: 8分 查看题目解析 >

36.第二节 (共5小题;每小题2分,满分10分)


Is Fresh Air Really Good for You?

We all grew up hearing people tell us to "go out and get some fresh air" .    36    According to recent studies, the answer is a big YES, if the air quality in your camping area is good.

37      If the air you’re breathing is clean — which it would be if you’re away from the smog of cities — then the air is filled with life-giving, energizing oxygen. If you exercise out of doors, your body will learn to breathe more deeply, allowing even more oxygen to get to your muscles(肌肉)and your brain.

Recently, people have begun studying the connection between the natural world and healing(治愈).     38     In these places patients can go to be near nature during their recovery. It turns out that just looking at green, growing things can reduce stress, lower blood pressure, and put people into a better mood(情绪). Greenery is good for us. Hospital patients who see tree branches out their window are likely to recover at a faster rate than patients who see buildings or sky instead.      39      It gives us a great feeling of peace.

40    While the sun’s rays can age and harm our skin, they also give us beneficial Vitamin D. To make sure you get enough Vitamin D — but still protect your skin — put on sunscreen right as you head outside. It takes sunscreen about fifteen minutes to start working, and that’s plenty of time for your skin to absorb a day’s worth of Vitamin D.

分值: 10分 查看题目解析 >

41.第一节 (共20小题;每小题1.5分,满分30分)


分值: 30分 查看题目解析 >

61.第二节 (共10小题;每小题1.5分,满分15分)


The polar bear is found in the Arctic Circle and some big land masses as far south as Newfoundland. While they are rare north of 88°, there is evidence   61   they range all the way across the Arctic, and as far south as James Bay in Canada. It is difficult to figure out a global population of polar bears as much of the range has been    62   (poor) studied; however, biologists calculate that there are about 20,000-25,000 polar bears worldwide.

Modern methods   63   tracking polar bear populations have been employed only since the mid-1980s, and are expensive   64   (perform) consistently over a large area. In recent years some Inuit people in Nunavut   65   (report) increases in bear sightings around human settlements, leading to a   66   (believe) that populations are increasing. Scientists have responded by    67   (note) that hungry bears may be congregating(聚集) around human settlements, leading to the illusion(错觉) that populations are   68   (high) than they actually are. Of   69    nineteen recognized polar bear subpopulations, three are declining, six   70   (be) stable, one is increasing, and nine lack enough data.

分值: 15分 查看题目解析 >


Need a Job This Summer?

The provincial government and its partners offer many programs to help students find summer jobs. The deadlines and what you need to apply depend on the program.

Not a student? Go to the government website to learn about programs and online tools available to help people under 30 build skills, find a job or start businesses all year round.

Jobs for Youth

If you are a teenager living in certain parts of the province, you could be eligible(符合条件)for this program, which provides eight weeks of paid employment along with training.

Who is eligible: Youth 15—18 years old in select communities(社区).

Summer Company

Summer Company provides students with hands-on business training and awards of up to $3,000 to start and run their own summer businesses.

Who is eligible: Students aged 15—29, returning to school in the fall.

Stewardship Youth Ranger Program

You could apply to be a Stewardship Youth Ranger and work on local natural resource management projects for eight weeks this summer.

Who is eligible: Students aged 16 or 17 at time of hire, but not turning 18 before December 31 this year.

Summer Employment Opportunities(机会)

Through the Summer Employment Opportunities program, students are hired each year in a variety of summer positions across the Provincial Public Service, its related agencies and community groups.

Who is eligible: Students aged 15 or older. Some positions require students to be 15 to 24 or up to 29 for persons with a disability.

21. What is special about Summer Company?

AIt requires no training before employment.

BIt provides awards for running new businesses.

CIt allows one to work in the natural environment.

DIt offers more summer job opportunities.

22. What is the age range required by Stewardship Youth Ranger Program?





23. Which program favors the disabled?

AJobs for Youth.

BSummer Company.

CStewardship Youth Ranger Program.

DSummer Employment Opportunities.

分值: 6分 查看题目解析 >
书面表达 本大题共10分。

71.第一节  短文改错(共10小题;每小题1分,满分10分)







I became interesting in playing football thanks to asmall accident. One afternoon where I was in primary school, I was walking bythe school playground. Suddenly football feel just in front of me but almosthit me. I stopped the ball and kicked it hardly back to the playground. Toeveryone`s surprising, the ball went into the net. All the football player onthe playground cheered loudly, say that I had a talent for football. From nowon, I started to play my football with classmates after school. I am a goodplayer now.

分值: 10分 查看题目解析 >
书面表达 本大题共25分。

72.第二节  书面表达(满分25分)









分值: 25分 查看题目解析 >
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