• 英语 哈尔滨市2016年高三第一次模拟考试
阅读理解 本大题共3小题,每小题2分,共6分。阅读短文,完成下列小题。
1

      阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C和D)中,选出最佳答案,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。

A

    (CNN) — An ultra-marathoner trying to “run” from Florida to Bermuda in a human-powered inflatable (充气的) bubble was rescued Saturday morning, after he signaled for help, the Coast Guard said.

    Reza Baluchi, according to his website, has set a goal of running across more than 190 recognized nations to encourage world peace.

    The Coast Guard first encountered Baluchi on Wednesday after receiving a report about a man in a bubble off the coast of Miami, disoriented and asking for directions to Bermuda, a Coast Guard press release said. It was not clear when he started his adventure.

    A Coast Guard ship found Baluchi. Officials described the craft as a “hydro pod bubble” and a man in a 2013 YouTube video called a Baluchi bubble “a big hamster wheel.” It moved along the ground as Baluchi ran inside.

    In the press release, the Coast Guard said Baluchi had protein bars, bottled water, a GPS and a satellite phone. The Coast Guard conveyed the voyage’s dangers and asked Baluchi to quit his journey because he didn’t have enough supplies. But he wouldn’t leave his bubble, officials said.

    The Coast Guard monitored his progress and on Saturday morning exhausted Baluchi activated(激活) his personal locating beacon(灯塔), the Coast Guard said.

    A Coast Guard airplane and a helicopter, along with the boat Maersk Montana, were sent to rescue Baluchi 70 nautical miles east of St. Augustine, the Coast Guard said.

    He was exhausted and taken to the Coast Guard air station, where his medical condition was evaluated. There were no reported injuries, the Coast Guard said.

    “Part of his effort was to make world peace but he got caught up in the Gulf Stream,” said Coast Guard public affairs specialist Mark Barney. “The chances of muscling out of the Gulf Stream were pretty low.”

    Baluchi could not be reached for comment, but a video posted on Baluchi’s Facebook page described his plans to travel in the bubble across the Caribbean, as well as his other athletic exploits.

    The CNN.com story quoted Baluchi saying he’d run across the United States twice and around its border once. He said he fled Iran to escape persecution (迫害). Now he is an American citizen.

21. What happened to Baluchi when he first encountered the Coast Guard?

AHe was confused about which direction he should go.

BHis bubble was broken.

CHe was exhausted by the adventure.

DHe activated his locating beacon.

22. From the passage, we can know that __________.

AThe Coast Guard advised Baluchi to quit the journey because the weather was terrible.

BBaluchi ended his journey since he hadn’t enough supplies.

CIn the press release, Baluchi described his plan to cross the Caribbean in the bubble.

DAlthough Baluchi was exhausted, there were no reported injuries after his being rescued.

23. Which of the following words can best describe Reza Baluchi’s personality?

AOptimistic

BAdventurous

CHardworking

DDevoted.

分值: 6分 查看题目解析 >
阅读理解 本大题共4小题,每小题2分,共8分。阅读短文,完成下列小题。
1

B

Farmers use different kinds of soil conservation methods to protect their land from damage by farming and the forces of nature. One important form of soil conservation is the use of windbreaks.

Windbreaks are barriers formed by trees and other plants with many leaves. Farmers plant them in lines around their fields. Windbreaks stop the wind from blowing soil away. They also keep the wind from destroying or damaging crops. They are very important for growing grains, such as wheat.

There have been studies done on windbreaks in parts of West Africa. It is found that grain harvests can be 20% higher in fields protected by windbreaks compared to fields without such protection.

However, windbreaks seem to work best when they allow a little wind to pass through. If the wall of trees and plants stops wind completely, then violent air movements will take place close to the ground. These movements will lift soil into the air where it will be blown away. For this reason, a windbreak is best if it has only 60% to 80% of the trees and plants needed to form a solid line.

An easy role to remember is that windbreaks can protect areas up to ten times the height of the tallest trees in the windbreaks. There should be at least two lines in each windbreak. One line should be large trees. The second line, right next to it, can be shorter trees and other plants with leaves. Locally grown trees and plants are best for windbreaks.

Windbreaks can protect land and crops from the wind. They can also provide wood products. These include wood for fuel and longer pieces for making fences.

24. If the wind is stopped completely, what will happen?

ASome soil will be blown away.

BThe wind will become stronger.

CSome trees will be pulled up.

DAll the wind will be kept out.

25. If the trees in the windbreak are 20 meters high, the area being protected is ___________.

A20 meters

B200 meters

C2,000 meters

D2 meters

26. We can learn from the text that ____________.

Awindbreaks are popular in Africa

Bonly trees can be planted in a windbreak

Cwindbreaks help to produce better harvests

Dthe best way to protect soil is building windbreaks

27. The author develops the passage by the following means EXCEPT ____________.

Amaking comparison

Blisting statistics

Cgiving examples

Dfollowing time order

分值: 8分 查看题目解析 >
阅读理解 本大题共4小题,每小题2分,共8分。阅读短文,完成下列小题。
1

C

Auckland is New Zealand’s largest urban area with a population of just over a million people. It is not, however, the capital, although it was at one time, until the capital moved to Wellington. Auckland is the center of commerce and industry, and is perhaps the most energetic, prosperous and multicultural city in New Zealand.

The city’s landscape is dominated by volcanic hills, the twin harbors, bays, beaches and islands. Its nickname “the city of sails” is very suitable. Auckland has more boats for each person than anywhere else in the world.

Auckland has many volcanic hills, many of which currently afford great views of the city. And Auckland’s geography is such that shiny waters seem to attract people from every point. It is a water lovers’ best place, with some of the best beaches, swimming, diving, fishing, sailing, windsurfing and water sports in the country.

Wellington is the capital city of New Zealand. It is also the cultural, administrative and political center of the country. Two aspects of the city that will immediately strike any visitor are the harbor and hilly landscape. Everywhere you go, the sounds and the smell of the ocean hang in the air, and green hills and valleys wrap you in a bear-hug embrace. At night, Wellington offers a spectacular, shimmering(闪闪发光的) cityscape that is unlike almost anywhere else in the world. Even after seeing it for a hundred times, it takes your breath away.

Wellington is a scenic, windy and diverse place. It has some of the best museums, art galleries, restaurants, and coffee houses in the country. It is the storehouse for the nation’s historic, cultural and artistic treasures. Being the first place where European settlers arrived, it also boasts lots of historic streets and buildings.

Wellington is host to an excellent Festival of the Arts every two years.

28. What would be the best title for the passage?

AThe Landscape of New Zealand

BThe Capital of New Zealand

CAuckland and Wellington

DWelcome to New Zealand

29. From the passage, we know that Auckland used to _____________.

Abe the capital of New Zealand

Bhave more boats than any other country in the world

Chost a Festival of the Arts

Dafford great views of the city

30. Auckland is the best city in New Zealand for people to ______________.

Astudy New Zealand culture

Bsee green hills

Cvisit historic streets and buildings

Ddo water sports

31. What’s the author’s attitude towards the cityscape in Wellington?

ACritical

BNeutral

CPreferable

DIndifferent

分值: 8分 查看题目解析 >
阅读理解 本大题共4小题,每小题2分,共8分。阅读短文,完成下列小题。
1

D

Make a long story short for your chance to be published in Reader’s Digest and win $25,000. Here are a few of our favorite entries so far in our “Your life: the Reader’s Digest Version” contest. After reading these, head over to Facebook and submit your own story about a special moment or lesson that shaped your life.

“There’s Always a John” By Darla Boyd

During my first year of teaching, there was a kid named John in my class. John was difficult to control and he nearly drove me crazy. While talking about him one day, an old teacher put his hand on my shoulder and said, “There will always be a John. Your job is to learn to discover what makes him different and help him succeed.” The next year, there was indeed another John. But that advice taught me that there was something to appreciate in everyone.

“An Early Key Lesson” By Elaine West

Before I began my first teaching job, my mother, a teacher of 30 years, gave me a very special gift, five simple words that have had an effect on my entire life. “Make friends with the janitor (门卫).” Her wisdom taught me the respect for all types of characters and continues to enrich my life to this day. Just five little words but what an impact they can have when you take them to heart.

“Raising Mommy” By Jan Davis

Being a mother can always present challenges and rewards. Someone tells me early that children will teach you everything you need to know. Being a mother is being raised. Our children become our advisers. Their dreams become our professors, as we are taking notes carefully. The sounds of their laughter and smiles are a great reward to us. Their tears remind us that it is okay to fail, and that we should wipe the tears away and try again.

32. What did Elaine West’s mother advise her to do?

ATake care of janitors.

BDon’t treat students differently.

CDon’t judge people by appearance.

DRespect people from different backgrounds.

33. According to the passage, we can infer that _________.

Aa mother improves herself greatly in parenting

Bthere is always a boy named John in a school year

Cthe janitor will favor you if you respect him

Dyour story may win $2,500 if you enter the contest

34. The underlined word “submit” in Paragraph 1 is the closest in meaning to __________.

Abreak in

Bhand in

Crefer to

Dturn to

35. The text is most probably a(n) _________.

Aad for three new books

Bintroduction to Reader’s Digest

Cnotice inviting contributions

Dposter about a lecture

分值: 8分 查看题目解析 >
简答题(综合题) 本大题共35分。简答应写出文字说明、证明过程或演算步骤。
1

根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余选项。

    Whether you’ve been in college or you’re looking forward to going to university in the future, you and your family likely spend some time worrying about the cost of your college education. _____36_____ However, that will pay off for years to come. Earning scholarships is a great way to help you. The Financial Aid Office at Illinois State helps students identify scholarship opportunities every day. Here is some advice to help you.

    · _____37_____

    Have you asked your high school or community college financial aid office about scholarships at your school? Many schools have a list of several scholarships right there. _____38_____ Check with community organizations, banks and credit unions, and large employers who may offer scholarship opportunities in your area.

    · Find your “hook”

    _____39_____. Your unique characteristics can help your scholarship applications stand out. Pay special attention to awards that mention your best qualities, whether that’s academic achievements, leadership, community service, or something less common. Think about why a donor wants to assist you in paying for your education. Most scholarship providers want to encourage a particular behavior. Companies may want to attract future employees.

    · Develop a routine

    Everyscholarship is different in terms of when you can apply, what you need to turnin, when the winner is announced, and how the money is given to you._____40_____ There isn’t a single application or search engine that allows youto find and apply for everything. Visit the website for the Office of StudentFinancial Aid for lists of scholarship opportunities. Go through the lists tofind the ones that match you best and keep track of when you can apply forthem.

A. While you’re searching, consider what makes you special as a student.

B. Typically, scholarshipapplications open in the late fall or early spring for the next school year’s awards, but that also variesdepending on the donors.

C. There is no doubtthat college education is a necessary step to get yourselves prepared for the future.

D. Local awards canoften be easier to get as the application pools are smaller and less competitive.

E. Begin in your own backyard.

F. It’s no secret that college is one of the biggest investments.

G. Believe in yourselves.



分值: 10分 查看题目解析 >
1

阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当的内容(1个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式。

Chris and Lisa (seat) in the movie theater waiting for Steve to arrive.

Chris: I wonder what’s keeping Steve?

Lisa: Oh, I forgot to tell you. He’s not going to show up. He called just before we took off.

Chris: What kind of excuse did he give you this time?

Lisa: Something about his car die) again.

Chris: What a lot of nonsense! He doesn’t even have a car. He gets around everywhere by bike. I don’t know what he is trying  (pull). The man is totally (rely).

Lisa: You said . The man always lies. I don’t know why we  (tolerate) him for this long.  I can run into him tomorrow I’ll tell him he made a big mistake this time. Man, I’m going to have a great time yelling at him.

Chris: Don’t lose   temper too much. One thing is certain. We’ll never invite him to the movies again. By the way, do you know what this movie is about?

Lisa: All I know is that the critics criticized it seriously. They all said the star kept making mistakes saying his lines.   you can always depend on one thing—if a critic thinks a movie is bad, it’ll be huge success.

61.

62.

63.

64.

65.

66.

67.

68.

69.

70.

分值: 15分 查看题目解析 >
1

71.假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中共有10处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。错误涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。

增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧),并在其下面写出该加的词。

删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。

修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。

注意:

1. 每处错误及其修改仅限一词。

2. 只允许修改10处,多者(从第11处起)不计分。

    Afew days ago, I went to the railway station to see my friend away. On the way Isaw some street cleaners burning garbages. I know they are trying to get rid ofrubbish in a way that they thought was “taking a shortcut”. I don’t think,therefore, it’s proper to clear away rubbish by such a means.

    Burning things do harm to people. It’s known to all that burning rubbish will give offpoisonous smoke and dust which in turn will pollute air. Many people catch cancer as result of breathing the polluting air. Some people even die from takingin them.

    Thereare many things in rubbish what can be rotten, such as dry leaves, leftover food, etc. They can make into very good fertilizer. So it’s better to collect them for cropland.



分值: 10分 查看题目解析 >
完型填空 本大题共20小题,每小题 1.50分,共30分。
1

阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的四个选项(A、 B 、C 、D)中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。

The day you decide to pursue your dream is the day you begin to work out the mystery. Things are never easy at first but each experience your feeling and makes you determine to succeed and move higher in life.

When you are comfortable, you never think about how to   it. Your dream takes you out of your zone and makes you realize what life  is. Some people may laugh or pity at you,   others may praise you. Be wise enough not to be   away by the praise and not to be discouraged by criticism and pity.

Don’t wait for opportunities. Develop yourself and your own opportunities because waiting for opportunities is like building  in the air. Start small  wait.

Forgiveness allows us to interact positively with other people.   out for people who find it hard to forgive others because they don’t see    rationally(合理地). When hurt, forgive as quickly as possible so that you can free yourself from guilt, worry and unnecessary  .

Failures as well as successes have explanations. The explanation of failures is often an excuse, and the explanation of successes is principles and   . Nobody cares to listen to the explanation of failures because they understand that failures,    by their explanations, cannot  the result they want. People are ready and  to pay to hear the explanation of successes or perhaps spend their money, energy and time to read the books written by successful people. Failure in itself is not bad, but including an excuse makes it   .

When you fail,  in your heart to be better next time, add that   effort and believe that you can make it rather than telling stories to  your failure. The world is waiting for your successful tips.

41.

Acalms

Bloosens

Csharpens

Dupsets

42.

Aget

Bmake

Ctake

Dplan

43.

Ademand

Bpleasure

Cdream

Dcomfort

44.

Atruly

Bequally

Cadequately

Despecially

45.

Awhile

Bso

Cwhen

Dfor

46.

Aput

Bgiven

Ccarried

Dcut

47.

Aorganize

Bexpress

Cdescribe

Dcreate

48.

Aparks

Bcastles

Capartments

Ddreams

49.

Amore than

Bless than

Crather than

Dother than

50.

AWatch

BHelp

CHang

DSet

51.

Aitself

Beach other

Canimals

Dthings

52.

Aexercises

Bloads

Cthoughts

Drelationships

53.

Afeatures

Bfeelings

Cexamples

Dtips

54.

Adetermined

Bseparated

Caccompanied

Dbehaved

55.

Aannounce

Bproduce

Cintroduce

Dreduce

56.

Awilling

Blucky

Ccapable

Dnervous

57.

Aworse

Bworthwhile

Cbetter

Dworthy

58.

Apretend

Bprotest

Cprovide

Dintend

59.

Acasual

Baverage

Cextra

Dcommon

60.

Akeep up with

Bbreak away from

Cmake up for

Dlook forward to

分值: 30分 查看题目解析 >
书面表达 本大题共25分。
1

72.教育部征集高中生对于高中毕业后不直接上大学而是休整一年(gap year)的意见和看法。你作为光明中学的班长李华整理了同学们的意见并给教育部回信要点如下:

1. 同学们非常支持休整一年,希望拥有这一年的自由时光。

2. 同学们在这一年里准备做什么。

3. 度过休整年的优点。

注意: 

1. 文章开头已给出,不计入总词数;

2. 字数:100词左右。

Dear sir,

I’m Li Hua from Guang Ming Middle School. I’m writing to tell you 

____________________________________________________________________________

Yours sincerely,

Li Hua

分值: 25分 查看题目解析 >
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