• 英语 三明市2017年高三第三次模拟考试
简答题(综合题) 本大题共95分。简答应写出文字说明、证明过程或演算步骤。
1

A

After four silent years, the 27 -year-old British singer Adele Adkins has finally introduced herself to the world again with Hello, the opening song from her third album 25, which will come out on Nov. 20.

Although Adele is a very successful singer now, music wasn’t always what she saw herself doing. At age 10, when she saw her grandmother’s pain over the death of Adele s grandfather, she pictured herself as a heart surgeon.

“I wanted to fix people’s hearts,”she told the UK music website i-D, remembering the childhood interest she’d had in biology classes until she found out that her real talent was for singing.

Adele didn’t; go to medical school, but many would agree that she still has healing (治愈) powers. Her songs find the kind of memory every listener holds somewhere in their heart. This kind of feeling is what people have always liked in Adele,” said The Telegraph. “She writes a pop diary,sharing the simple secrets of her heart.”

Most successful pop stars make albums at a fast pace, but not Adele. After her second album 21 won the 2012 Grammy Award for Album of the Year, she made it clear with her label that she would spend “four or five years” making her next album. She told magazine. “I won’t come out with new music until it’s better than 27.”

Instead of seeking fame, Adele remained silent and moved to the countryside. In her free time, she loved to watch TV series Teen Mom, American Horror Story, and The Walking Dead.

Living life as normally as possible is important to the singer’s art. “Nobody wants to listen to a record from someone who,s not living in the real world,”Adele told i-D.“So I live a low-key life for my fans.”

【语篇导读】本文是一篇记叙文。作者讲叙了英国著名歌手Adele成功的关键。

21. What does the text mainly tell us?()

AThe popularity of Adele’s album 25.

BThe healing powers of Adele’s music.

CThe secrets of Adele’s success in music.

DTV reason Adele’s becoming a singer.

22.What does the underlined sentence in Paragraph 2 probably mean?()

AAdele wasn’t interested in music.

BAdele wasn’t good at music at first.

CMusic wasn’t very important in Adele’s life.

DMusic wasn’t all Adele wanted to be devoted to.

23. Why doesn’t Adele want to make albums at a fast pace?()

ATo live a low-key life.

BTo win the Grammy Award.

CTo guarantee the quality of her music.

DTo share the secrets of her heart as a musician.

 24. What can we know about Adele?()

AHer album Hello will come out on Nov. 20.

BShe has kept a diary since childhood.

CShe moved to the countryside before 2012.

DHer works are based on real life.

分值: 8分 查看题目解析 >
1

B

Many managers believe that overworking is an evidence of devotion from their employees’ side. Still few others regard this custom as a threat to the worked work-life balance, which may negatively influence the level of productivity and efficiency.

Employees at Amsterdam design studio Heldergroen won’t be putting in much overtime. Not in the office, at any rate. because eve day at 6:00 pm, their desks, tables and other work surfaces, with their computers attached, are lifted to the ceiling by steel cables (绳索) normally used to move heavy props (道具) in theatrical productions. If you leave a half-eaten sandwich on your desk, you’ve out of luck.

“Once the chairs and other workplace paraphernalia are cleared away, the space is free for evening and weekend use as a dance floor, yoga studio... or anything else you can think of-the floor is actually you,” director Sander Veenendaal said.

In a way, the office space itself is working overtime for Heldergroen, bringing about lots of publicity and carrying an enlightened (有启发的) message of career-life balance far and wide. “We think that doing activities like this makes it easier for people to work here,” says Veenendaal. “You know when it is time to relax or do something else that inspires you.”

That sounds awesome. There’s just one catch, In the morning, the desks reappear and everybody has to go back to work.

【语篇导读】本文是一篇记叙文。作者讲叙了阿姆斯特丹的一家公司Heldergroen 为了禁止员工加班专门设计了一种有创意的办公室,每天下午六点办公桌连同电脑都用钢索拉到天花板上,员工可以把办公室变成健身娱乐场所。

25. What can we learn about the employees at Heldergroen?()

AThey are unwilling to work late.

BThey are persuaded to leave the office earlier.

CThey are persuaded to leave the office earlier.

DThey are to put away their computers after work.

26. What Hoes the underlined word “paraphernalia” in Paragraph 3 refer to?()

AProps.

BFood.

CEquipment.

DCables.

27. What does the author think of the Heldergroen’s office design?()

ACreative.

BInconvenient.

COrdinary.

DStrange.

分值: 6分 查看题目解析 >
1

C

Crime fighters could have a new tool at hand. Researchers have developed a cutting-edge technique to identify human hair. Their test is quicker than DNA analysis techniques currently used by law enforcement.

DNA testing is commonly used for identification because DNA is unique to each individual (个体).However, environmental and chemical processes can degrade DNA, limiting its usefulness over time. Protein (蛋白质)in hair,on the other hand, is more stable than DNA but can also have variations (变异体)that may be unique to the individual.

“Our analysis process can be used universally,” says Ms. Huang. “One of our samples (样本) even included dyed hair and the test was 100 per cent accurate. The test was able to distinguish East Asians, Caucasians and South Asians.”

Dr. Beauchemin says she has got in touch with law enforcement agencies about using the new technology- She is also planning to collect more hair samples and continue her research with a goal of finding where exactly in the world hair sample .s from, to look for more races and determine specific age.

“We are in a very similar place with protein-based identification to where DNA testing was during the early days of development,” said chemist Brad Hart. “Thus method will be a game-hanger, and while we’ve made a lot of progress toward improving it, there are steps to go before this new technique is able to reach its full potential.”

【语篇导读】本文是一篇记叙文。作者叙述了一种比DNA鉴定更稳定的身份鉴定法:通过鉴定头发中的蛋白质来鉴定身份的尖端技术。

28. What’s the main purpose of the text?()

ATo analyze crime scenes.

BTo distinguish different races.

CTo show the usefulness of DNA testing.

DTo introduce a new identification method.

29. Which will be the most useful in identifying a person according to Brad Hart?()

AChemical materials.

BProtein in hair.

CDNA variations.

DBlood sample.

30. What’s the advantage of the protein-based identification over DNA testing?()

AStability.

BPopularity.

CSecurity.

DConvenience.

31. What can be inferred from the last paragraph of the text?()

ADNA testing will soon reach its full potential.

BProtein-based identification remains to be improved.

CProtein-based identification has replaced DNA testing.

DDNA testing develops as rapidly as protein-based identification.

分值: 8分 查看题目解析 >
1

D

The English have a difficult and,generally speaking,dysfunctional (不协调的) relationship with clothes. Their main problem is that they have a desperate need for rules, and are unable to get along without them. Tins helps to explain why they have an international reputation for dressing in general very badly, but with specific areas of excellence. such as high-class men’s suits, ceremonial costume, and innovative (革新的) street fashion. In other words, we English dress best when we are “in uniform”.

You may be surprised that 1 am including “innovative street fashion” in the category of uniform. Surely the parrot-haired punks (朋克摇滚乐迷) or the Victorian vampire Goths are being original, not following rules? It’s true that they all look different and eccentric(奇特的)but in fact they all look eccentric in exactly the same way. They are wearing a uniform. The only truly eccentric dresser in this country is the Queen, who pays no attention to fashion and continues to wear what she likes, a kind of 1950s fashion, with no regard for anyone else’s opinion. However, it is true that the styles invented by young English people are much more eccentric than any other nation’s street fashion, We may not be individually eccentric, apart from the Queen, but we have a sort of collective eccentricity, and we appreciate originality in dress even if we do not individually have it.

Another “rule” of behavior I had discovered was that it is very important for the English not to take themselves too seriously, to be able to laugh at themselves. However, it is well known that most teenagers tend to take themselves a bit too seriously.

The Goths, in their scaring black costumes, certainly look as if they are taking themselves seriously. But when I got into conversation with them, I discovered that they too had a sense of humor. I was once chatting to a Goth in the full vampire costume--with a white face, deep purple lipstick, and black parrot-hair. I saw he was also wearing a T-shirt with “Goth”. “Why are you wearing that?” I asked. “It’s in case you don’t realize I’m a Goth,” he answered,pretending to be serious. We both burst out laughing.

【语篇导读】本文是一篇记叙文。作者主要叙述了英国人的穿衣方式。

32. What can we know about the English people?()

AThey need rules to dress well.

BThey are in need of uniforms.

CThey are creative in general.

DThey lead the world trend.

33. Who is individually eccentric in dressing?()

AA high-class man.

BA parrot-haired punk.

CThe Queen.

DThe fashion innovator.

34. Which of the following can best describe the Goths?()

AThey dress badly.

BThey dress in an amusing way.

CThey are unable to laugh at the way they dress.

DThey are less fashionable than the other English people.

35. What may be the best title for the text?()

AHow the English Dress

BHow the English Admire Fashion

CWhy the English Like Uniforms

DWhy the English Are Eccentric in Dress

分值: 8分 查看题目解析 >
1

根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余选项。

Although people value intelligence---understanding, reasoning, the ability to learn---they also respect wisdom, or the knowledge and experience that they gain over a lifetime. In some ways, wisdom is like beauty: we value it, we desire it, we know it when we see it, but it is nearly impossible to pin down such a nice quality. bd blank

(1)Working at being social.

Studies show that people who stay connected to others show higher levels of wisdom than those who remain alone. bd blank Next time you’re at a party or gathering, single out someone who’s standing alone; and strike up a conversation.

(2) bd blank

Wisdom involves being able to understand all sides of an issue without letting personal feelings gel in the way. Owning your mind means realizing that everyone has a life story that influences their actions. During the course of every day, make a note of the issues that annoy you, and take a moment to see them from the other side.

(3) Learning how to say “I could be wrong”.

A wise person understands that it is impossible to know everything and that life is likely to take unexpected turns. bd blank Admitting that there are times when you could be mistaken will go a long way in strengthening your fame.

(4) Reading the news.

bd blank If you don’t already read a daily paper or news online, start by going through a single front-page article from a major respected news source.

Almost everyone has the potential to become wiser, particularly if you strengthen these habits.

A. Practicing being open-minded.

B. Sharing good news with your friends.

C. But researchers have tried and here's what they’ve found.

D. Recognizing your errors can lead only to even greater wisdom.

E. Make an effort to join a new club, or invite an old friend for coffee.

F. You do not have to admit your mistakes if you are really unwilling to.

G. You cannot make balanced choices unless you understand world circumstances.

【语篇导读】本文是一篇记叙文。作者叙述了4种如何变得英明智慧的方法。

36.

37.

38.

39.

40.

分值: 10分 查看题目解析 >
1

阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的四个选项(A、B、C、和D)中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。

I was first officer at an airline. One Christmas Eve, I was checking instruments in bd blank for my last flight of the day bd blank I heard a noise behind me. I looked bd blank my shoulder. Just outside the cockpit(驾驶舱) doorway was a boy of about nine bd blank at the cockpit. At my glance he started to bd blank “Come on in here,” I called. The boy stepped bd blank into the cockpit. “My name’s Chad.” I said, slicking out my hand. With a shy smile he put his hand in bd blank, “I’m Sam.”

The captain would be in any minute. Sam looked so bd blank that I didn't want to cut short his fun. I told Sam the bd blank of each button. Finally Captain Jim came aboard. I bd blank Sam to Jim, who gave him a broad smile. “You ever bd blank an airplane before, Sam?” Jim asked. Eyes wide, Sam bd blank his head. Following my bd blank, he carefully pressed a button as big as His hand to start the bd blank , which hummed (发出嗡嗡声) to life.

Sam looked like he was about to cry with bd blank. We started up the other engine, bd blank, and arrived in Macon about 40 minutes later.

Early Christmas morning, Sam’s mother came by and bd blank a tin of cookies with a note of thanks. Jim looked at it, bd blank, and read it aloud, “Thank you for what you’ve done. Sam has been dreaming about becoming a pilot. bd blank, he’s got cancer…”

A small bd blank deed that one does can make a big difference to someone else’s life.

【语篇导读】本文是一篇记叙文。作者叙述了一次飞行中邀请一个9岁的男孩进入驾驶舱教他发动飞机引擎的故事。作者意图告诉我们一个小的友善的行为也会对别人的生活起大的作用。

41.

Atime

Breturn

Cpreparation

DExchange

42.

Aafter

Bwhen

Cas if

Deven though

43.

Aover

Baround

Cabove

DFrom

44.

Aglaring

Baiming

Cshouting

DStaring

45.

Aget in

Bturn away

Crun out

Dset off

46.

Acautiously

Bunexpectedly

Cdesperately

DDeliberately

47.

Ahis

Bhim

Cme

DMine

48.

Athrilled

Bworried

Cafraid

DConfident

49.

Atype

Bfunction

Cproblem

DRegulation

50.

Acarried

Breported

Cintroduced

DDirected

51.

Asaw

Bboarded

Cstarted

DVisited

52.

Araised

Bbowed

Cnodded

DShook

53.

Asignals

Binstructions

Cexample

DSchedule

54.

Aflight

Bjourney

Cbutton

DEngine

55.

Ahappiness

Banxiety

Csympathy

DFright

56.

Agave up

Bpulled over

Ctook off

Dwent out

57.

Atook

Bmade

Cbought

DLeft

58.

Asighed

Bsobbed

Cbreathed

DRelieved

59.

AStrangely

BEventually

CCarelessly

DUnfortunately

60.

Aheroic

Brisky

Ckind

DHonest

分值: 30分 查看题目解析 >
1

阅读下面短文,在空白处填入1个适当的单词或括号内单词的正确形式。

When Dad told me I was going to take a scuba diver training course, I was really excited. I thought I’d be like those people on TV, bd blank (play) with fish.

In the pool, Rob, my instructor, demanded we do what he did. One of the drills bd blank (be) to take our masks off at the bottom of the deep end, replace them, bd blank clear them of water. I wasn’t doing that because I couldn’t open my eyes underwater or keep water out of my nose. I bd blank (terrify) and made excuse after excuse about bd blank I couldn’t do it. Rob walked over and said, “Alaya, you don’t have to do this if you don’t want to. Nobody is forcing you.” Though I said I wasn’t going to do it, my bd blank (foot) carried me toward the pool.

With my eyes tightly bd blank (close),I dived in and made my way to bd blank other end. The water felt unnatural against my face. I bd blank (quick) threw on my mask and started clearing it of water. Rob gave me thumbs up. I learned a big lesson: there is nothing to fear but fear bd blank (it).

【语篇导读】:本文属于记叙文,作者叙述了自己克服恐惧进行潜水训练的经历。

61.

62.

63.

64.

65.

66.

67.

68.

69.

70.

分值: 15分 查看题目解析 >
1

71.第一节  短文改错(共10分,每小题1分,满分10分)

假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中共有10处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。

增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧),并在此符号下面写出该加的词。

删除:把多余的词用斜线( \ )划掉。

修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。

注意:(1)每处错误及其修改均仅限一词;

(2)只允许修改10处,多者(从第11处起)不计分。

Zhou Yan is the Senior Three student. Last week, he goes to see a doctor because of his arms and fingers hurt. The doctor told him the fact that had a “mobile phone disease”. Zhou sent messages for his friends with his mobile phone all the time, even in bed. Zhou started to do badly in all the exam because he spent so many time on his mobile phone. He didn’t stop use the mobile phone until his arms hurt. Yang Ling, which is an expert from a health center, said students should try to use their mobile phones less, especial at school.

分值: 10分 查看题目解析 >
书面表达 本大题共25分。
1

72.书面表达(满分25分)

假定你是李华,你的班级决定组织同学们5月30日端午节(the Dragon Boat Festival) 一起骑自行车去西湖观看龙舟比赛。请你给外教史密斯先生写封邮件邀请他上午8:00 在学校门口集合,一同前往,感受中国传统文化。

注意:

(1)词数100左右;

(2)可适当增加细节,以使行文连贯。

分值: 25分 查看题目解析 >
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