• 英语 2018年高三河南省第二次模拟试题
单选题 本大题共15小题,每小题3分,共45分。在每小题给出的4个选项中,有且只有一项是符合题目要求。
1

第一节(共15小题;每小题3分,满分45分)

    阅读下列短文,从每题所给的A、B、C和D四个选项中,选出最佳选项。

                                A

    Here is a collection of some TV series. For this list, we stick to thosethat have been released in recent years and we choose not to include TV hitslike Game of Thrones or Sherlock.

StrangerThings

    This US television series is a combination of three genres (类型):the typical college movies where the losers rise up, the sciencefiction films about crazy scientists who reached their top in the 1980s and thehorror movies written in the style of Stephen King. This show, starring WinonaRyder and a group of amazing kids, has managed to combine these genres so wellthat it has already acquired a vast army of fans worldwide.

ThePillars of the Earth

    It is set in the twelfth century, a time which is considered one of thedarkest and most romantic periods in the history of England. Based on thebest-selling novel written by Ken Follett, this TV show starring the brilliantEddie Redmayne is widely recognized as one of the best historical TV dramas ofrecent years.

Mahabharata

   This Indian Hindi-language series is liked by many people for beingregarded as the simplest and the most fun way to learn about the age-old wisdomof the Indian people. It tells us about the kings and heroes who love, fightand make wise decisions. This drama is about the endless struggle between good andevil.

TheCrown

    This story about the transformation of the young Princess Elizabeth intothe queen shows everything about the British monarchy (君主制).It includes many storylines, each of which could be made into aseparate TV show. The series focuses on the age-old themes of family, marriageand politics, and this is probably what makes The Crown win popularity.

What do we know about Stranger Things?

AStephen King determined its style.

BIt consists of three children stories.

CMost of its central characters are kids.

DIt’s much more popular than Sherlock.

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                                A

    Here is a collection of some TV series. For this list, we stick to thosethat have been released in recent years and we choose not to include TV hitslike Game of Thrones or Sherlock.

StrangerThings

    This US television series is a combination of three genres (类型):the typical college movies where the losers rise up, the sciencefiction films about crazy scientists who reached their top in the 1980s and thehorror movies written in the style of Stephen King. This show, starring WinonaRyder and a group of amazing kids, has managed to combine these genres so wellthat it has already acquired a vast army of fans worldwide.

ThePillars of the Earth

    It is set in the twelfth century, a time which is considered one of thedarkest and most romantic periods in the history of England. Based on thebest-selling novel written by Ken Follett, this TV show starring the brilliantEddie Redmayne is widely recognized as one of the best historical TV dramas ofrecent years.

Mahabharata

   This Indian Hindi-language series is liked by many people for beingregarded as the simplest and the most fun way to learn about the age-old wisdomof the Indian people. It tells us about the kings and heroes who love, fightand make wise decisions. This drama is about the endless struggle between good andevil.

TheCrown

    This story about the transformation of the young Princess Elizabeth intothe queen shows everything about the British monarchy (君主制).It includes many storylines, each of which could be made into aseparate TV show. The series focuses on the age-old themes of family, marriageand politics, and this is probably what makes The Crown win popularity.

Which aspect of the Pillars of the Earth is stressed in the text?

AIts background.

BIts staff.

CIts theme song.

DIts plot.

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                                A

    Here is a collection of some TV series. For this list, we stick to thosethat have been released in recent years and we choose not to include TV hitslike Game of Thrones or Sherlock.

StrangerThings

    This US television series is a combination of three genres (类型):the typical college movies where the losers rise up, the sciencefiction films about crazy scientists who reached their top in the 1980s and thehorror movies written in the style of Stephen King. This show, starring WinonaRyder and a group of amazing kids, has managed to combine these genres so wellthat it has already acquired a vast army of fans worldwide.

ThePillars of the Earth

    It is set in the twelfth century, a time which is considered one of thedarkest and most romantic periods in the history of England. Based on thebest-selling novel written by Ken Follett, this TV show starring the brilliantEddie Redmayne is widely recognized as one of the best historical TV dramas ofrecent years.

Mahabharata

   This Indian Hindi-language series is liked by many people for beingregarded as the simplest and the most fun way to learn about the age-old wisdomof the Indian people. It tells us about the kings and heroes who love, fightand make wise decisions. This drama is about the endless struggle between good andevil.

TheCrown

    This story about the transformation of the young Princess Elizabeth intothe queen shows everything about the British monarchy (君主制).It includes many storylines, each of which could be made into aseparate TV show. The series focuses on the age-old themes of family, marriageand politics, and this is probably what makes The Crown win popularity.

Which TV series is more like a biography?

AStranger Things.

BThe Pillars of the Earth.

CMahabharata.

DThe Crown.

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                                A

    Here is a collection of some TV series. For this list, we stick to thosethat have been released in recent years and we choose not to include TV hitslike Game of Thrones or Sherlock.

StrangerThings

    This US television series is a combination of three genres (类型):the typical college movies where the losers rise up, the sciencefiction films about crazy scientists who reached their top in the 1980s and thehorror movies written in the style of Stephen King. This show, starring WinonaRyder and a group of amazing kids, has managed to combine these genres so wellthat it has already acquired a vast army of fans worldwide.

ThePillars of the Earth

    It is set in the twelfth century, a time which is considered one of thedarkest and most romantic periods in the history of England. Based on thebest-selling novel written by Ken Follett, this TV show starring the brilliantEddie Redmayne is widely recognized as one of the best historical TV dramas ofrecent years.

Mahabharata

   This Indian Hindi-language series is liked by many people for beingregarded as the simplest and the most fun way to learn about the age-old wisdomof the Indian people. It tells us about the kings and heroes who love, fightand make wise decisions. This drama is about the endless struggle between good andevil.

TheCrown

    This story about the transformation of the young Princess Elizabeth intothe queen shows everything about the British monarchy (君主制).It includes many storylines, each of which could be made into aseparate TV show. The series focuses on the age-old themes of family, marriageand politics, and this is probably what makes The Crown win popularity.

Which of the following do the four TV series?

AThey are highly thought of by the audience.

BTheir storylines are relatively complex.

CThey mainly discuss universal themes.

DTheir original languages are English.

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                                 B

        When I was growing up, the gold standard for cancer-themed tear-jerkers(催人泪下的故事)was “Something for  Joey”,a made-for-TV movie—ased on a true story—bout the bond between abig-time college football player and his fiercely loyal little brother who is dying of childhood leukemia (白血病).

       Lauren Grodstein takes a different approach with her fourth novel, “OurShort History”. What sets Grodstein’s novel apart is that the cancer diagnosisswitches places: Jacob Neulander, the 6-year-old boy at the center of the book,is cancer-free, while his mother, Karen, a 43-year-old political consultant (顾问) who raised Jacob on her own, has recently been found to havelate-stage ovarian cancer. With the time Karen has left, she decides to writeher son a book and fill it with everything she wants him to know: a catalog ofthe things that have made her happy; the story of how he was named; and anaccount of how, kicking and screaming, she allows Jacob to start spending timewith his biological father, a one-term congressman (国会议员)from New Jersey who broke Karen’s heart and lives with his new wifealong the Palisades.

       “I plan to be honest here,” Karen promises at the novel’s beginning. “Iplan to be extraordinarily honest. I will not edit out the truth; I will nottry to make myself look better than I really was.” This total honesty leadsKaren to admit uncomfortable truths to Jacob—the night you were born was notthe best night of my life,” she writes. “I was terrified; I was tired; I wassad’’一and, especially, to record the disturbance of feelingsthat run high after Jacob and his father meet for the first time and get alongfamously. They bond over Playmobil and Star Wars; she realizes, watching thetwo of them together, that Jacob is “exactly like him” Karen lets her paranoia(偏执狂)run wild. She imagines Jacob posing for aChristmas card with his new family after she’s gone; she yells at him when hesuggests that his father’s wife would make him snacks on demand. This eruptionof maternal envy and anger is the dramatic high point of the novel — “I am youronly mother!” Karen yells. The rest of “Our Short History,” unfortunately, iscontent to deliver the quieter pleasures for adults.

What do we know about Something for Joey?

AIt’s essential fictional.

BIt’s intended for the movie theatre.

CIt focuses on a college student’s cancer.

DIt has the common features of tear-jerkers.

分值: 3分 查看题目解析 >
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                                 B

        When I was growing up, the gold standard for cancer-themed tear-jerkers(催人泪下的故事)was “Something for  Joey”,a made-for-TV movie—ased on a true story—bout the bond between abig-time college football player and his fiercely loyal little brother who is dying of childhood leukemia (白血病).

       Lauren Grodstein takes a different approach with her fourth novel, “OurShort History”. What sets Grodstein’s novel apart is that the cancer diagnosisswitches places: Jacob Neulander, the 6-year-old boy at the center of the book,is cancer-free, while his mother, Karen, a 43-year-old political consultant (顾问) who raised Jacob on her own, has recently been found to havelate-stage ovarian cancer. With the time Karen has left, she decides to writeher son a book and fill it with everything she wants him to know: a catalog ofthe things that have made her happy; the story of how he was named; and anaccount of how, kicking and screaming, she allows Jacob to start spending timewith his biological father, a one-term congressman (国会议员)from New Jersey who broke Karen’s heart and lives with his new wifealong the Palisades.

       “I plan to be honest here,” Karen promises at the novel’s beginning. “Iplan to be extraordinarily honest. I will not edit out the truth; I will nottry to make myself look better than I really was.” This total honesty leadsKaren to admit uncomfortable truths to Jacob—the night you were born was notthe best night of my life,” she writes. “I was terrified; I was tired; I wassad’’一and, especially, to record the disturbance of feelingsthat run high after Jacob and his father meet for the first time and get alongfamously. They bond over Playmobil and Star Wars; she realizes, watching thetwo of them together, that Jacob is “exactly like him” Karen lets her paranoia(偏执狂)run wild. She imagines Jacob posing for aChristmas card with his new family after she’s gone; she yells at him when hesuggests that his father’s wife would make him snacks on demand. This eruptionof maternal envy and anger is the dramatic high point of the novel — “I am youronly mother!” Karen yells. The rest of “Our Short History,” unfortunately, iscontent to deliver the quieter pleasures for adults.

Which of the following is TRUE about Lauren Grodstein? (    )

AShe is a political consultant.

BShe has a unique writing style.

CShe likes writing tear-jerkers most.

DShe doesn’t like something for Joey.

分值: 3分 查看题目解析 >
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                                 B

        When I was growing up, the gold standard for cancer-themed tear-jerkers(催人泪下的故事)was “Something for  Joey”,a made-for-TV movie—ased on a true story—bout the bond between abig-time college football player and his fiercely loyal little brother who is dying of childhood leukemia (白血病).

       Lauren Grodstein takes a different approach with her fourth novel, “OurShort History”. What sets Grodstein’s novel apart is that the cancer diagnosisswitches places: Jacob Neulander, the 6-year-old boy at the center of the book,is cancer-free, while his mother, Karen, a 43-year-old political consultant (顾问) who raised Jacob on her own, has recently been found to havelate-stage ovarian cancer. With the time Karen has left, she decides to writeher son a book and fill it with everything she wants him to know: a catalog ofthe things that have made her happy; the story of how he was named; and anaccount of how, kicking and screaming, she allows Jacob to start spending timewith his biological father, a one-term congressman (国会议员)from New Jersey who broke Karen’s heart and lives with his new wifealong the Palisades.

       “I plan to be honest here,” Karen promises at the novel’s beginning. “Iplan to be extraordinarily honest. I will not edit out the truth; I will nottry to make myself look better than I really was.” This total honesty leadsKaren to admit uncomfortable truths to Jacob—the night you were born was notthe best night of my life,” she writes. “I was terrified; I was tired; I wassad’’一and, especially, to record the disturbance of feelingsthat run high after Jacob and his father meet for the first time and get alongfamously. They bond over Playmobil and Star Wars; she realizes, watching thetwo of them together, that Jacob is “exactly like him” Karen lets her paranoia(偏执狂)run wild. She imagines Jacob posing for aChristmas card with his new family after she’s gone; she yells at him when hesuggests that his father’s wife would make him snacks on demand. This eruptionof maternal envy and anger is the dramatic high point of the novel — “I am youronly mother!” Karen yells. The rest of “Our Short History,” unfortunately, iscontent to deliver the quieter pleasures for adults.

What happens to Jacob?

AHe’s dying of cancer.

BHe breaks his father’s heart.

CHe can visit his father any time.

DHe gets along well with his father’s family.

分值: 3分 查看题目解析 >
1

                                 B

        When I was growing up, the gold standard for cancer-themed tear-jerkers(催人泪下的故事)was “Something for  Joey”,a made-for-TV movie—ased on a true story—bout the bond between abig-time college football player and his fiercely loyal little brother who is dying of childhood leukemia (白血病).

       Lauren Grodstein takes a different approach with her fourth novel, “OurShort History”. What sets Grodstein’s novel apart is that the cancer diagnosisswitches places: Jacob Neulander, the 6-year-old boy at the center of the book,is cancer-free, while his mother, Karen, a 43-year-old political consultant (顾问) who raised Jacob on her own, has recently been found to havelate-stage ovarian cancer. With the time Karen has left, she decides to writeher son a book and fill it with everything she wants him to know: a catalog ofthe things that have made her happy; the story of how he was named; and anaccount of how, kicking and screaming, she allows Jacob to start spending timewith his biological father, a one-term congressman (国会议员)from New Jersey who broke Karen’s heart and lives with his new wifealong the Palisades.

       “I plan to be honest here,” Karen promises at the novel’s beginning. “Iplan to be extraordinarily honest. I will not edit out the truth; I will nottry to make myself look better than I really was.” This total honesty leadsKaren to admit uncomfortable truths to Jacob—the night you were born was notthe best night of my life,” she writes. “I was terrified; I was tired; I wassad’’一and, especially, to record the disturbance of feelingsthat run high after Jacob and his father meet for the first time and get alongfamously. They bond over Playmobil and Star Wars; she realizes, watching thetwo of them together, that Jacob is “exactly like him” Karen lets her paranoia(偏执狂)run wild. She imagines Jacob posing for aChristmas card with his new family after she’s gone; she yells at him when hesuggests that his father’s wife would make him snacks on demand. This eruptionof maternal envy and anger is the dramatic high point of the novel — “I am youronly mother!” Karen yells. The rest of “Our Short History,” unfortunately, iscontent to deliver the quieter pleasures for adults.

What is this text?

AAn announcement.

BA book review.

CAn advertisement.

DA guide.

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                                C

         If you’re a college student, who could blame you for not payingattention to that mounting student loan (贷款)balance? But onceyou graduate, your new monthly student loan bill will be hard to ignore. Afterall, missing a payment isn’t like turning in a term paper late; debt collectorsaren’t nearly as forgiving as your Chemistry 201 professor. What can you do torepay our student loans sooner?

       If you can manage it, repay your loans on the standard 10-year repaymentplan. You’ll pay less interest and get rid of your loans sooner. And it’s agood idea to throw extra money at your bill when you can to speed up theprocess. If you’re really troubled with cash, switch to an income-drivenstudent loan repayment plan. The government offers four options that make ourpayments a percentage of your income, so you’ll pay less when you earn less.

        Next, think about where you can cut costs elsewhere in your life so youcan pay your loan bills. Focus on saving money in ways that make sense for yourlifestyle. That way you won’t feel deprived of (被剥夺)everything youenjoy, and you can cut out expenses that you truly don’t need.

        Car payments can be especially costly. Consider giving up a car andsigning up for Zipcar, Car2go or another car sharing service if it’s availablein your city. These companies let you rent a car hourly, which can help whenpublic transportation won’t get you where you need to go.

        Now it’s on to smaller expenses一and some you mightnot even know you’re paying. It’s easy to sign up for a service thatautomatically charges you every month, such as the gym, ClassPass, Spotify orNetflix. Cancel them if you’re not using them at least a few times a week. Aservice such as Truebill will track your monthly payments and show you whichones you’re not using so you can cancel.

What does the author aim to tell us in Paragraph 1?

AMissing a payment is common for graduates.

BThere are good ways to pay student loan bills.

CPaying student loan bills on time is necessary.

DSome students easily ignore their student loan bills.

分值: 3分 查看题目解析 >
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                                C

         If you’re a college student, who could blame you for not payingattention to that mounting student loan (贷款)balance? But onceyou graduate, your new monthly student loan bill will be hard to ignore. Afterall, missing a payment isn’t like turning in a term paper late; debt collectorsaren’t nearly as forgiving as your Chemistry 201 professor. What can you do torepay our student loans sooner?

       If you can manage it, repay your loans on the standard 10-year repaymentplan. You’ll pay less interest and get rid of your loans sooner. And it’s agood idea to throw extra money at your bill when you can to speed up theprocess. If you’re really troubled with cash, switch to an income-drivenstudent loan repayment plan. The government offers four options that make ourpayments a percentage of your income, so you’ll pay less when you earn less.

        Next, think about where you can cut costs elsewhere in your life so youcan pay your loan bills. Focus on saving money in ways that make sense for yourlifestyle. That way you won’t feel deprived of (被剥夺)everything youenjoy, and you can cut out expenses that you truly don’t need.

        Car payments can be especially costly. Consider giving up a car andsigning up for Zipcar, Car2go or another car sharing service if it’s availablein your city. These companies let you rent a car hourly, which can help whenpublic transportation won’t get you where you need to go.

        Now it’s on to smaller expenses一and some you mightnot even know you’re paying. It’s easy to sign up for a service thatautomatically charges you every month, such as the gym, ClassPass, Spotify orNetflix. Cancel them if you’re not using them at least a few times a week. Aservice such as Truebill will track your monthly payments and show you whichones you’re not using so you can cancel.

What is a disadvantage of following an income-driven student loan repayment plan? 

AYou will be offered only one option.

BYou may end up paying more interest.

CYou have to finish paying within 10 years.

DYou still need to pay more even when you earn less.

分值: 3分 查看题目解析 >
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                                C

         If you’re a college student, who could blame you for not payingattention to that mounting student loan (贷款)balance? But onceyou graduate, your new monthly student loan bill will be hard to ignore. Afterall, missing a payment isn’t like turning in a term paper late; debt collectorsaren’t nearly as forgiving as your Chemistry 201 professor. What can you do torepay our student loans sooner?

       If you can manage it, repay your loans on the standard 10-year repaymentplan. You’ll pay less interest and get rid of your loans sooner. And it’s agood idea to throw extra money at your bill when you can to speed up theprocess. If you’re really troubled with cash, switch to an income-drivenstudent loan repayment plan. The government offers four options that make ourpayments a percentage of your income, so you’ll pay less when you earn less.

        Next, think about where you can cut costs elsewhere in your life so youcan pay your loan bills. Focus on saving money in ways that make sense for yourlifestyle. That way you won’t feel deprived of (被剥夺)everything youenjoy, and you can cut out expenses that you truly don’t need.

        Car payments can be especially costly. Consider giving up a car andsigning up for Zipcar, Car2go or another car sharing service if it’s availablein your city. These companies let you rent a car hourly, which can help whenpublic transportation won’t get you where you need to go.

        Now it’s on to smaller expenses一and some you mightnot even know you’re paying. It’s easy to sign up for a service thatautomatically charges you every month, such as the gym, ClassPass, Spotify orNetflix. Cancel them if you’re not using them at least a few times a week. Aservice such as Truebill will track your monthly payments and show you whichones you’re not using so you can cancel.

What do the last three tips have in common?

AThey all suggest cutting costs.

BThey are all about small expenses.

CThey all mean avoiding expensive services.

DThey all help shorten the repaying process.

分值: 3分 查看题目解析 >
1

                                D

       Decades ago travelling by air in America was a great affair. Today itsignals discomfort, extra charges and the threat of violence.

        Air fares are higher per seat mile in America than in Europe. The globalprice of jet fuel has fallen by half since 2014. That triggered a fare warbetween European carriers, but in America ticket prices have hardly budged.

        Standards of service are also worse. Only one operator based in Americacan be found in the world’s 30 best carriers, compared with nine from Europe.When Ryanair, currently Europe’s largest and cheapest airline, cut service tothe bone, it began to lose customers and money. That caused it to perform aU-turn and be “nicer” to customers, in order to protect its market share fromcompetitors like easyJet, Wizz Air and Norwegian.

        This happy combination of low fares and reasonable service has a simpleexplanation: competition. American policymakers have presided over a wave ofmergers (合并)in the past few years. The biggest fourcarriers in America between them now control 80% of the market, compared withjust 48% a decade ago. In Europe, where the top four carriers have around 45%of the market, policymakers have got three things right.

       First, European regulators have tried harder to preserve competitionbetween existing carriers. The EU has been willing to block mergers to preventairlines from building monopoly (垄断)positions at airports. Notso in America: at 40 of its 100 biggest airports, a single carrier now accountsfor more than half of capacity. That pushes up prices.

        Second, Europe has made it easier for foreigners to encouragecompetition by entering new markets. There are no ownership limits at allbetween European countries. America caps foreign ownership at 25%. Foreignjoint companies, such as Virgin America are struggling to take off.

        Some of Europe’s advantages are hard to copy. America’s regulatorsshould loosen the cap on foreign ownership and promote the use of secondaryairports. If that doesn’t work, regulators should consider breaking up the bigairlines. Allowing competition to weaken was a huge mistake.

What does the underlined word “budged” in Paragraph 2 mean?

AChanged.

BIncreased.

CSteadied.

DDoubled.

分值: 3分 查看题目解析 >
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                                D

       Decades ago travelling by air in America was a great affair. Today itsignals discomfort, extra charges and the threat of violence.

        Air fares are higher per seat mile in America than in Europe. The globalprice of jet fuel has fallen by half since 2014. That triggered a fare warbetween European carriers, but in America ticket prices have hardly budged.

        Standards of service are also worse. Only one operator based in Americacan be found in the world’s 30 best carriers, compared with nine from Europe.When Ryanair, currently Europe’s largest and cheapest airline, cut service tothe bone, it began to lose customers and money. That caused it to perform aU-turn and be “nicer” to customers, in order to protect its market share fromcompetitors like easyJet, Wizz Air and Norwegian.

        This happy combination of low fares and reasonable service has a simpleexplanation: competition. American policymakers have presided over a wave ofmergers (合并)in the past few years. The biggest fourcarriers in America between them now control 80% of the market, compared withjust 48% a decade ago. In Europe, where the top four carriers have around 45%of the market, policymakers have got three things right.

       First, European regulators have tried harder to preserve competitionbetween existing carriers. The EU has been willing to block mergers to preventairlines from building monopoly (垄断)positions at airports. Notso in America: at 40 of its 100 biggest airports, a single carrier now accountsfor more than half of capacity. That pushes up prices.

        Second, Europe has made it easier for foreigners to encouragecompetition by entering new markets. There are no ownership limits at allbetween European countries. America caps foreign ownership at 25%. Foreignjoint companies, such as Virgin America are struggling to take off.

        Some of Europe’s advantages are hard to copy. America’s regulatorsshould loosen the cap on foreign ownership and promote the use of secondaryairports. If that doesn’t work, regulators should consider breaking up the bigairlines. Allowing competition to weaken was a huge mistake.

What can be inferred about Ryanair from Paragraph 3?

AIts air fares are high.

BIts service now is poor.

CIt responds to the market quickly.

DIt is losing its market share fast.

分值: 3分 查看题目解析 >
1

                                D

       Decades ago travelling by air in America was a great affair. Today itsignals discomfort, extra charges and the threat of violence.

        Air fares are higher per seat mile in America than in Europe. The globalprice of jet fuel has fallen by half since 2014. That triggered a fare warbetween European carriers, but in America ticket prices have hardly budged.

        Standards of service are also worse. Only one operator based in Americacan be found in the world’s 30 best carriers, compared with nine from Europe.When Ryanair, currently Europe’s largest and cheapest airline, cut service tothe bone, it began to lose customers and money. That caused it to perform aU-turn and be “nicer” to customers, in order to protect its market share fromcompetitors like easyJet, Wizz Air and Norwegian.

        This happy combination of low fares and reasonable service has a simpleexplanation: competition. American policymakers have presided over a wave ofmergers (合并)in the past few years. The biggest fourcarriers in America between them now control 80% of the market, compared withjust 48% a decade ago. In Europe, where the top four carriers have around 45%of the market, policymakers have got three things right.

       First, European regulators have tried harder to preserve competitionbetween existing carriers. The EU has been willing to block mergers to preventairlines from building monopoly (垄断)positions at airports. Notso in America: at 40 of its 100 biggest airports, a single carrier now accountsfor more than half of capacity. That pushes up prices.

        Second, Europe has made it easier for foreigners to encouragecompetition by entering new markets. There are no ownership limits at allbetween European countries. America caps foreign ownership at 25%. Foreignjoint companies, such as Virgin America are struggling to take off.

        Some of Europe’s advantages are hard to copy. America’s regulatorsshould loosen the cap on foreign ownership and promote the use of secondaryairports. If that doesn’t work, regulators should consider breaking up the bigairlines. Allowing competition to weaken was a huge mistake.

What have European regulators been trying to do?

APush up prices.

BCap foreign ownership.

CProtect the biggest airports.

DStop carriers from merging.

分值: 3分 查看题目解析 >
1

                                D

       Decades ago travelling by air in America was a great affair. Today itsignals discomfort, extra charges and the threat of violence.

        Air fares are higher per seat mile in America than in Europe. The globalprice of jet fuel has fallen by half since 2014. That triggered a fare warbetween European carriers, but in America ticket prices have hardly budged.

        Standards of service are also worse. Only one operator based in Americacan be found in the world’s 30 best carriers, compared with nine from Europe.When Ryanair, currently Europe’s largest and cheapest airline, cut service tothe bone, it began to lose customers and money. That caused it to perform aU-turn and be “nicer” to customers, in order to protect its market share fromcompetitors like easyJet, Wizz Air and Norwegian.

        This happy combination of low fares and reasonable service has a simpleexplanation: competition. American policymakers have presided over a wave ofmergers (合并)in the past few years. The biggest fourcarriers in America between them now control 80% of the market, compared withjust 48% a decade ago. In Europe, where the top four carriers have around 45%of the market, policymakers have got three things right.

       First, European regulators have tried harder to preserve competitionbetween existing carriers. The EU has been willing to block mergers to preventairlines from building monopoly (垄断)positions at airports. Notso in America: at 40 of its 100 biggest airports, a single carrier now accountsfor more than half of capacity. That pushes up prices.

        Second, Europe has made it easier for foreigners to encouragecompetition by entering new markets. There are no ownership limits at allbetween European countries. America caps foreign ownership at 25%. Foreignjoint companies, such as Virgin America are struggling to take off.

        Some of Europe’s advantages are hard to copy. America’s regulatorsshould loosen the cap on foreign ownership and promote the use of secondaryairports. If that doesn’t work, regulators should consider breaking up the bigairlines. Allowing competition to weaken was a huge mistake.

What’s the main idea of the passage?

AEuropean airline industry is developing healthily.

BAir fares are becoming a big burden for travelers.

CCustomers are complaining fiercely about American airlines.

DAmerica’s airline industry should look to Europe for lessons.

分值: 3分 查看题目解析 >
填空题 本大题共5小题,每小题15分,共75分。把答案填写在题中横线上。
1

第二节(共5小题;每小题3分,满分15分)

    根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余选项。

3 tips for protecting your eyes during the winter

    We typically worry about staying warm during the winter months, andthink

    less about protecting our eyes. 16 Hereare three things you can do to protect your eyes during the wintermonths.

Tip #1:    17 

    During the winter, our eyes are constantly exposed to blowing, dry, hotair that can cause them to become dry. Hereare a few treatments:   18  Distance yourself from direct heat sourceswhile sitting. Use a humidifier (加湿 器)to help reduce dryness.

Tip # 2: Wear sunglasses with UV (紫外线)protection.

    UV rays in the winter can harm our eyes.  19  Wear sunglasses   when you’re outside, or driving, to protectyour eyes from UV rays. This is especially important as days lengthen intospring and the sun gets stronger.

Tip # 3: Goggles (护目镜)protect in manyways.

    Goggles not only protect our eyes from UV rays, but they also help keepour eyes from drying out from the winter wind. In addition, think about allthose branches, leaves, and dirty snow that can severely injure our eyes uponcontact.  20 Don’t forget them!

    A. Clean your eyes carefully.

    B. Don’t let your eyes dry out.

    C. Goggles protect the eyes from thewind.

    D. Keep eye drops handy to wet youreyes.

    E. It just makes good sense to wearquality goggles.

    F. In fact, they can do even more harmwhen they’re reflecting off snow.

    G. However, the winter months can be as hard onour eyes as the summer months.

分值: 15分 查看题目解析 >
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第一节完形填空(共20小题;每小题2分,满分40分)

    阅读下面的短文,从短文后各题所给的A、B、C和D四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。

                     True achievement

    During high school, I remember reading about Junior Achievement (JA)programs and thinking, “I could 21 do that.” Economics seemed too   complex for me, but our curriculum      22     us    to take it. So I began my journey. Now, I can 23 and say, “Wow, I did do that.”

    JA programs help kids around the world 24 a successful future.Each program is    25  by a community volunteer who helps students   connect what they are learning in school with their future in the workforce. Hands-on activities bring the 26 world to the classroom.

    We named our company GloboCorp, and described our logo as the seeing  eye of business, always 27 for illegal business practices. When our  teacher mentioned the district 28, I  became    interested    in    applying the 29    principles I had learned.

    We began the weekly practice. Our advisers (also community volunteers)put in long hours 30    principles and strategies and helping us interpret  data. Their    31     was    what made    JA    programs    unique,    and was an  immeasurable 32    .    And    there    was    another  motivation:    We    could earn a   trip to Disney World.

    After hard work we    33    made it to Disney World. It was a(n) 34    way to end my high school career. 35 came from everywhere. At the awards banquet, Mickey Mouse  shook our hands and gave us our own sets of mouse ears. Our local newspaper   ran articles. And the greatest 36 was to walk off the plane back home   and see a crowd of 37 parents who burst into applause.

    Although this experience will be among my best memories, a quote from the  awards banquet is what I will 38 most about JA programs. The speaker  discussed the difference between success and    39     .    At first, the words seemed interchangeable, but then I    40     his    point.    To    make    it    to Disney  World and win was success, but to bond together, have fun, and overcome difficulties as well—now that is a real achievement.

21. A. ever     B. always       

     C.just         D. never

22. A. inspired B. required     

     C. allowed      D. promised

23.A.look back  B. look around  

    C. look down    D. look over

24. A. give up  B. worry about  

    C. prepare for  D. prefer to

25. A. managed  B. described    

    C. written      D.copied

26. A. sad      B. real         

     C.wild         D. lucky

27. A. grateful B. guilty       

     C. watchful     D. regretful

28. A. concert  B. competition  

     C. interview    D. celebration

29. A. economic B. legal        

     C. political    D. scientific

30. A. imaginingB. recalling    

     C. reciting     D. explaining

31. A. justice  B. choice       

     C. guidance    D. argument

32. A. loss     B. help         

     C.risk         D. distance

33. A. carefullyB. patiently    

     C. suddenly     D. finally

34. A. fantasticB. easy         

     C.romantic     D. discouraging

35. A. Information  B. Knowledge    

     C.Problems D.Congratulatios

36. A. change       B. damage       

     C.feeling      D. dream

37. A. proud        B. terrified    

     C. funny        D. puzzled

38. A. expect       B. remember     

     C.dislike      D. realize

39. A. failure      B. devotion     

     C.responsibiliy D. achievement

40. A. continued  B.destroyed  

     C. understood D. praised

分值: 40分 查看题目解析 >
1

第二节(共10小题;每小题1.5分,满分15分)

    阅读下面短文,在空白处填入1个适当的单词或括号内单词的正确形式。

    For the past 45 years, Martin and Sinforosa Colomer have been the only two residents of La Estrella, 41 abandoned village in Spain. The tiny village  was not always so isolated, though. Actually, La Estrella was once a lively town, 42     (crowd)    with hundreds of people, a church, two schoolhouses and   several bars.

    According to    43     (rely) sources, a terrible storm struck La Estrella  in 1883, killing nearly half of the residents. The place lost its charm after that and the locals 44     (gradual) began to abandon their homes.

     Martin and Sinforosa’s story began about 70 years later, 45 they   became one pair of the few youth still living in La Estrella. “We met one day in  one of the two remaining  46     (club)    in    the    village,    fell    in    love    and   married,” Martin recalled. The Colomers raised a family in La Estrella, 47     (chose)    to stay even when many of their fellow villagers left for   cities in search of work.

    When asked    48     they    wouldn’t leave La Estella, Martin said, “My   wife was born here and doesn’t want to leave. Had it been up to me, we 49     (leave)    for the city a long time ago. But I can’t leave her by  50    (she).”

分值: 15分 查看题目解析 >
1

第一节短文改错(共10小题;每小题1分,满分10分)

    假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中共有10处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。

    增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧),并在其下面写出该加的词。

    删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。

    修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。

注意:

    1每处错误及其修改均仅限一词;

    2只允许修改10处,多者(从第11处起)不计分。

    When my mother set the rule that my little sister could only have one ice cream each day, her mood darkens immediately. Realize that it was useless to argue with Mum, she just kept silent. Just on case my sister would eat more ice cream than allowing, my mother took a look at the ice cream boxes left in the fridge occasionally. It seemed that everything was normally. One day, it was such hot that Mum decided to have an ice cream. She took out an ice cream box and opened it, only find that it was empty. Feeling puzzling, she opened all the other boxes. She was shocked to find that all of them were empty. Just at then, she realized that my little sister had eaten up all of them. How a naughty little creature!

分值: 10分 查看题目解析 >
1

第二节书面表达(满分25分)

    假如你是李华,最近你发现有很多同学熬夜,导致上课效率低下。请就此写一封信,向校报编辑反映此问题。内容包括:    

    1.熬夜的原因;

    2.你的 建议。

注意:1词数100左右;(开头和结尾已给出,但不计入总词数)

          2可以适当增加细节,以使行文连贯;

Dear editor,

                                                                                        

                                                Yours, 

                                                Li Hua

分值: 25分 查看题目解析 >
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