• 2017年高考真题 英语 (全国II卷)
前去估分
简答题(综合题) 本大题共95分。简答应写出文字说明、证明过程或演算步骤。
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1.   

A

In the coming months, we are bringing together artists form all over the globe, to enjoy speaking shakespeare’s plays in their own language, in our globe, within the architecture shakespeare wrote for.please come and join us.

National Theatre Of China  Beijing|Chinese

This great occasion(盛会) will be the national theatre of china’s first visit to the uk. The company’s productions show the new face of 21st century chinese theatre. This production of

Shakespeare’s Richard III will be directed by the National’s Associate Director,Wang Xiaoying.

Date&Time:Saturday 28 April,2.30pm&Sunday 29April,1.30pm&6.30pm

 

MarjanishviliTheatre   Tbilisi l Georgian

One of the most famous theatres in Georgia,theMarjanishvili,founded in 1928,appears regularly at theatre festivals all overthe world. This new production of As You Like It is helmed(指导)by the company’sArtistic Director Levan Tsuladze.

Date & Time :Friday 18May,2.30pm&Sunday19May,7.30pm

 

DeafinitelyTheater  London l BritishSign  Language (BSL)

By translating the rich and humourous taxt of Love’sLabour’s Lost into the physical language of BSL,Deafinitely Thertre creates anew interpretation of Shakespeare’s comedy and aims to build a bridge betweendeaf and hearing worlds by performing to both groups as one audience.

Date&Time:Tueaday 22 May,2.30pm&Wednesday 23May,7.30pm

 

HabimaNational Theatre Tel Aviv l Hebrew

The Habima is the centre of Hebrew-languege theatreworldwide,Founded in Moscow after the 1905 revolution,the company eventuallysettled in Tel Aviv in the late 1920s,Since 1958,they have been recognized asthe national theatre of Israel.This production of Shakespeare’s The Merchant ofVenice marks their first visit to the UK.

Date Date&Time:Monday 28May,7.30&Tuesday 29May,7.30pm

 

(21)which play will be performed by the NationalTheatre of China? A.Richard Ⅲ.                B.Lover’s Labour’s Lost C.As YouLike It              D.The merchant ofVenice

(22)What is special about Deafinnitely Theatre?A.Tthas two groups of actors    B.It is theleading theatre in LondonC.It performs plays in BSL      D.It is good at prducting comedies

(23)When can you see a play in Hebrew?A.Onsuturday28Apil.         B.On Sunday 29 April C.OnTuesday 22 May.        D. On Tuesday 29MayB

分值: 6分 查看题目解析 >
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2.

B

I first met Paul Newman in 1968, when George Roy Hill, the director of Butch Cassidy and the Sundance Kid, introduced us in New York City. When the studio didn’t want me for the film— it wanted somebody as well known as Paul— he stood up for me. I don’t know how many people would have done that; they would have listened to their agents or the studio powers.

The friendship that grew out of the experience of making that film and The Sting four years later had its root in the fact that although there was an age difference, we both came from a tradition of theater and live TV. We were respectful of craft(技艺)and focused on digging into the characters we were going to play. Both of us had the qualities and virtues that are typical of American actors: humorous, aggressive, and making fun of each other— but always with an underlying affection. Those were also at the core (核心)of our relationship off the screen.

We shared the brief that if you’re fortunate enough to have success, you should put something back— he with his Newman’s Own food and his Hole in the Wall camps for kids who are seriously ill, and me with Sundance and the institute and the festival. Paul and I didn’t see each other all that regularly, zxx.k but sharing that brought us together. We supported each other financially and by showing up at events.

I last saw him a few months ago. He’d been in  and out of the hospital.He and I both knew what the deal was,and we didn’t talk about it.Ours was a relationship that didn’t need a lot of words.

(24)Why was the studio unwilling to give the role to author at first?A.Paul Newman wanted it. B.The studio powers didn’t like his agent. C.He wasn’t famous enough. D.The director recommended someone else.

(25)Why did Paul and the author have a lasting friendship? A.They were of the same dge. B.They worked in the same theater. C.They were both good actors. D.They han similar charactertics.

(26)What does the underlined word “that” in paragraph 3 refer to? A.Their belief. B.Their care for chileden.C.Their success.D.Their support for each other.

(27)What is the author’s purpose in writing the test?A.To show his love of films. B.To remember a friend.C.To introduce a new movie.D.To share his acting experience.

【语篇导读】本文是一篇记叙文,主要讲述了作者与Paul Newman之间的友情,当制片人不想让我参加电影时,Paul Newman站起来为我说话,因此建立了深厚的友谊。在此以后的很多年了,两人一直相互扶持,相互鼓励,因此两人友谊维持了很多年。

分值: 8分 查看题目解析 >
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3.

C

Terrafugia Inc .said Monday that its new flying car has completed its first flight,bringing the company closer to its goal of selling the flying car within the next year.The wehicle-named the Transition – has two seats wheels and wings that fold up so it can be driven like a car.The Transition,which flew at 1,400 feet for eight minutes last month, can reach around 70 miles per hour on the road and 115 in the flies using a 23-gallon tank of gas and bums 5 gallons per hour in the air. On the ground, it gets 35 miles per gallon.

Around 100 peoplehave already put down a $10,000 deposit to get a Transition when they go onsale, and those numbers will likely rise after Terrafugia introduces theTransition to the public later this week at the New York Auto Show. But don’t  expect it to show up in too many driveways.It’s expected to cost $279,000.And it won’t help if you’re stuck in traffic. The car needs a runway.

 Inventors have been trying to make flying carssince the 1930s, according to Robert Mann, an airline industry expert. But Mannthinks Terrafugia has come closer than anyone to making the flying car areality. The govemment has already permitted z&xxkthe company to usespecial materials to make it easier for the vehicle to fly. The Transition  is now going through crash tests to make sureit meets federal safety siandards.

Mann said Terrafugia was helped by the Federal AviationAdministration’s decision five years ago to create a separate set of standardsfor light sport aircraft, which are lower than those for pilots of largerplanes. Terrafugia says an owner would need to pass a test and complete 20 hours of flying time to be able to fly the Transition,a requirement pilots would find relatively easy to meet.

(28) What is the first paragraph mainly about?A. The basicdata of the Transition.     B. Theadvantages of flying cars. C. The potential market for flying cars.  C. The designers of the Transition.

(29) Why is the Transition unlikely to show up in toomany driveways?A. It causers traffic jams.             B. It is difficult to operate.C.It is very expensive.               D. Itbums too much fuel.

(30) What is the govemment’s attitude to thedevelopment of the flying

car? A. Cautious                       B. Favorable.  C. Ambiguous.                     D. Disapproving.

(31) What is the best title for the text?A. Flying Carat Auto Show  B. The Transition’s FistFlight C.Pilots’Dream Coming True        D. Flying Car Closer to Reality



分值: 8分 查看题目解析 >
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4.

D

When a leafy plant is under attack ,it doesn’t  sit quietly. Back in 1983,two scientists,Jack Schultz and Ian Baldwin,reported that young maple trees getting bitten by insects send out a particular smell that neighboring plants can get. These chemicals come from the injured parts of the plant  and seem to be an alarm.What the plants pump through the air is a mixture of chemicals known as volatile organic compounds,VOCs for short.

Scientists have found that all kinds of plants give out VOCs when being attacked .It’s a plant’s way of crying out.But is anyone listening?Apparently.Because we can watch the neighbours react.

Some plants pump out smelly chemicals to keep insects away.But others do double duty .They pump out perfumes designed to attract different insects who are natural enemies to the attackers.Once they arrive,the tables are turned .The attacker who are natural enemies to the attackers . zxx|k Once they arrive,the tables are turned.The attacker who was lunching now becomes lunch.

In study after study,it appears that these chemical conversations help the neighbors .The damage is usually more serious on the first plant,but the neighbors ,relatively speaking ,stay safer because they heard the alarm and knew what to do.

Does this mean that plants talk to each other? Scientists don’t know. Maybe the first plant just made a cry of pain or was sending a message to its own branches, and so, in effect, was talking to itself. Perhaps the neighbors just happened to “overhear” the cry. So information was exchanged, but it wasn’t a true, intentional back and forth.

         Charles Darwin, over 150 years ago, imagined a world far busier, noisier and more intimate(亲密的) than the world we can see and hear. Our senses are weak. There’s a whole lot going on.(32) What does a plant do when it is under attack?A. It makes noises.     B. It gets help from other plants.C. It stands quietly    D. It sends out certain chemicals.(33) What does the author mean by “the tables are turned” in paragraph 3?A. The attackers get attacked.B. The insects gather under the table.C. The plants get ready to fight back.D. The perfumes attract natural enemies.

 

(34)Scientists find from their studiesthat plants can           .A.predictnatural disasters  B.protect themselvesagainst insectsC.talk to one another intentionally D.help their neighbors whennecessary

(35)what can we infer from the lastparagraph?A.The word is changing faster than ever.B.People have stronger sensesthan beforeC.The world is more complex than it seemsD.People in Darwin’s timewere imaginative.

分值: 8分 查看题目解析 >
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5.第二节 (共5小题;每小题2分,满分10分)

根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余选项。

Interruptions are one of the worst things to deal with while you’re trying to get work done.   36     ,there are several ways to handle things.Let’s take a look at them now.

   37      .Tell the person you’re sorry and explain that you have amillion things to do and then ask if the of you can talk at a different time.

Whenpeople try to interrupt you,have set hours planned and let them know to comeback during that time or that you’ll find them then.    38    .It can help to eliminate(消除) futureinterruptions.

When you need to someone,don’tdo it in your own office.     39    .it’s much easeier toexcuse yourself to get back to your work than if you try to get someone out ofyour space even after explaining how busy you are

If you have a door to your office,make good use of it.     40   .If someone knocks and it’s not an important matter. Excuseyourselfand let the person know you’re busy so they can get the hint(暗示) than when thedoor is closed,you’re not to be disturbed.A.If you’re busy, don’t  feel bad  about  saying noB. When  you  want to avoid interruptions at work zxx.kC. Set boundaries for yourselfas your  time goesD. If you’re  in the other person’s  office  or in  a public arceaE. It’simportant  that  you let  them know  when you’ll  be availableF.Itmight  seem  unkind to  cut people  shirt when  they  interrupt youG.Leave it open when you’re available to talk and close it whenyou’re not



分值: 10分 查看题目解析 >
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6.第一节(共20小题:每小题1.5分,满分30分)

阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的A、B、C和D四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。

In1973,I was teaching elementary school.Each day,27kids  41    “The Thinking Laboratory.”That was the     42     students voted for after deciding that “Room 104” was too   43   .

Freddy was anaverage     44    ,but not an average person .He had therare balance of fun and compassion(同情).He would   45    the loudest over fun and be the saddest overanyone’s   46    .

Before the schoolyear    47    ,I gave the kids a special       48   , T-sherts with the words “Verbs Are Your   49    on them. I had advised the kids that whileverbs(动词)may seemdull ,most of the  50    things they do throughout their lives will beverbs.

Through the years,I’d run into former students who would provide    51    on old classmates. Ilearned that Freddy didseveral jobs after his   52    from high school and remained the same   53   person I met forty yearsbefore .Once, while working overnight at a store, he let a homeless man   54   inhis truck. Another time ,he   55   a friend money to buy a house .

Just last year,Iwas   56    aworkshop when someone knocked at the classroom door. A woman   57    the interruption and handed me an envelope. Istopped teaching and    58    it up. Inside were the “Verbs” shert and a    59    from Freddy’s monther. “Freddy passed away onThanksgiving. He wanted you to have this.”

I told thestory  to the class. As sad as it was, Icouldn’t help smiling . Although Freddy was taken from us,we all   60   somethingfrom  Freddy.

(41) A. built          B. entered        C. decorated          D. ran

(42) A. name         B. rule           C. brand              D. plan

(43) A. small          B. dark          C. strange             D. dull

(44) A.scholar        B. student        C. citizen              D. worker

(45) A. speak         B. sing            C. question           D. laugh

(46) A.misfortune     B. disbelief        C. dishonesty          D. mistake

(47) A.changed      B. approached       C. returned           D. ended

(48)A.lesson           B.gife               C.report           D.message

(49)A.friends          B.Awards            C.Masters          D.Tasks

(50) A.simple          B.unique             C. fun             D.clever

(51)A.assessments      B. comments          C.instructions       D.updates

(52)A.graduation       B. retirement          C.separation        D.resignation

(53) A.daring          B.modest              C.caring           D.smart

(54) A.wait            B.sleep               C.study            D.live

(55) A.paid            B.charged             C.lent              D.owed

(56)A.observing        B.preparing            C. designing        D.conducting

(57)A.regretted         B.avoided             C.excused          D.ignored

(58) A.opened          B.packed              C.gave            D.held

(59)A.picture          B.bill                 C.note             D.diary

(60) A.chose           B.took                C.expected         D.borrowed



分值: 30分 查看题目解析 >
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7.第二节(共10小题;每小题1.5分,满分15分)

阅读下面短文,在空白处填入1个适当的单词或括号内单词的正确形式。

In 1863the first underground passenger railway in the world opened in London. It ran for just under seven kilometers and allowed people to avoid terrible __61__(crowd) on the roads above as they travelled to and ___62__ word. It took three years to complete and was built using an interesting method. This included digging up the road, ____63___(lay) the track and then building a strong roof over___64___ top. When all those had been done, the road surface was replaced.

Steam engines ___65__(use) to pull the carriages and it must have been___66__(fair)unpleasant for the passsengers, with all the smoke and noise. However, the railway quickly proved to be a great success and within six months, more than 25,000 people were using___67__ every day.

Later, engineers ____68___(manage) to construct railways in a system of deep tunnels (隧道), which became known to the tube. This development was only possible with the ___69___ (introduce) of electric-powered engines and lifts. The central London Railway was one of the most ___70___(success) of these new lines, and was opened in 1900. It had white-painted tunnels and bright red carriages, and proved extremely popular with the public.

【语篇导读】本文是一篇说明文,介绍了伦敦地铁的历史和发展。

分值: 15分 查看题目解析 >
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8.第一节 短文改错(共10小题;每小题1分,满分10分)

假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中共有10处语言错误,每句中最多有两处;每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。

增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧),并在其下面写出该加的词。

删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。

修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改的词。

注意:1.每处错误及其修改均仅限一词;2.只允许修改10处,多者(从第11处起)不计分。

Mr. and Mrs.Zhang all work in our school.They live far from the school,and it takes them about a hour and a half to go to work every day.In their spare time,they are interesting in planting vegetables in their garden,that is on the rooftop of their house. They often get up earlier and water the vegetables together.They have also bought for some gardening tools.beside,they often get some useful informations from the internet.When summer came,they will invite their students pick the vegetables!

【语篇导读】本文是一篇记叙文,叙述了Mr. and Mrs.Zhang的爱好和他们的友好。

分值: 10分 查看题目解析 >
书面表达 本大题共25分。
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9.第二节 书面表达(满分25分)

假定你是李华,想邀请邀请外教Henry一起参观中国剪纸(paper-cutting)艺术展。请给他写封邮件,内容包括:1.展览时间、地点;2.展览内容。

注意:1.词数100左右;2.可以适当增加细节,以使行文连贯。

分值: 25分 查看题目解析 >
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