• 英语 石嘴山市2016年高三第一次模拟考试
阅读理解 本大题共4小题,每小题2分,共8分。阅读短文,完成下列小题。
1

A

A Guide to the University

Food

The TWU Cafeteria is open 7am to 8pm.It serves snacks, drinks, ice cream bars and meals.You can pay with cash or your ID cards.You can add meal money to your ID cards at the Front Desk.Even if you do not buy your food in the cafeteria, you can use the tables to eat your lunch, to have meetings and to study.

If you are on campus in the evening or late at night, you can buy snacks, fast food, and drinks in the Lower Café located in the bottom level of the Gouglas Centre.This area is often used for entertainment such as concerts, games or TV watching.

Relaxation

The Globe, located in the bottom level of McMillan Hall, is available for relaxing, studying, cooking, and eating.Monthly activities are held here for all international students.Hours are 10 am to 10 pm, closed on Sundays.

Health

Located on the top floor of Douglas Hall, the Wellness Centre is committed to physical, emotional and social health.A doctor and nurse is available if you have health questions or need immediate medical help or personal advice.The cost of this is included in your medical insurance.Hours are Monday to Friday, 9am to noon and 1;00 to 4;30pm.

Academic Support

All students have access to the Writing Centre on the upper floor of Douglas Hall.Here, qualified volunteers will work with you on written work, grammar, vocabulary, and other academic skills.You can sign up for an appointment on the sign-up sheet outside the door two 30–minute appointments per week maximum.This service is free.

Transportation

The TWU Express is a shuttle(班车) service.The shuttle transports students between campus and the shopping center, leaving from the Mattson Centre.Operation hours are between 8am and 3pm.Saturdays only.Round trip fare is $1.

21.What can you do in the TWU Cafeteria?

ADo homework and watch TV

BBuy drinks and enjoy concerts

Chave meals and meet with friends

DAdd money to your ID and play chess

22.Where and when can you cook your own food?

AThe McMillan Hall , Sunday.

BThe Lower Café, Sunday

CThe TWU Cafeteria, Friday

DThe Globe, Friday

23.The Guide tells us that the Wellness Centre _________.

Ais open six days a week

Bgives advice on mental health

Ctrains students in medical care

Doffers services free of charge

24.How can you seek help from the Writing Center?

ABy filling in a sign-up form

BBy applying online

CBy calling the center

DBy going to the center directly

分值: 8分 查看题目解析 >
阅读理解 本大题共4小题,每小题2分,共8分。阅读短文,完成下列小题。
1

B

Ireland,Japan,China scientists share the 2015 Nobel Prize for medicine.William Campbell,Satoshi Omura and Tu Youyou jointly won the prize for their work against diseases,the award-giving body said on Monday.

Tu Youyou, a scientist at the China Academy of Chinese Medical Sciences, has no postgraduate degree. She has never studied or done research abroad. She is neither a member of the Chinese Academy of Sciences nor the Chinese Academy of Engineering. However, the 81-year-old pharmacologist has become the first scientist on the Chinese mainland to win a Lasker Award, the medical prize of the Albert and Mary Lasker Foundation.

The Lasker Awards have existed since 1945. Tu was presented the 2011 Lasker Clinical Medical Research Award on September 23. She discovered a drug called artemisinin . The drug is now widely used against malaria .

Tu and her colleagues joined a government project to find a new malaria drug in the late 1960s during the "cultural revolution" (1966-76). They made 380 herbal extracts from 200 potential recipes. The recipes came from traditional Chinese medical books. The team then tested them on malaria-infected mice. Finally Tu became interested in an extract of the plant qinghao, or sweet wormwood .

According to an ancient Chinese medicine book, qinghao was once used to treat malaria. However, the extract they made in the lab didn't work well. Maybe, thought Tu, the effective ingredient in qinghao was destroyed by high temperatures. Therefore, Tu tried to make the extract with an ether which has a much lower boiling point than water.

In 1971, after more than 190 failures, Tu finally got an extract that was 100 percent effective against the malaria parasites .The extract was called qinghaosu, later renamed artemisinin.

According to a statement on the Lasker Foundation website, during the past four decades, Tu's drug has saved millions of lives. It is especially important for children in the poorest and least developed parts of the world. However, not many people knew of the scientist until she won the Lasker Award this month.

Lasker Awards are known as "America's Nobels" for the reason that in the last two decades, 28 Lasker Prize winners have gone on to receive the Nobel Prize, and 80 since 1945, according to Xinhua News Agency.

" The discovery of artemisinin is a gift to mankind from traditional Chinese medicine," Tu said when she received the a-ward. "Continuous exploration and development of traditional medicine will, without doubt, bring more medicines to the world.

25. What can we infer from the second paragraph?

AIt is unnecessary to study abroad as a scientific researcher.

BChinese medicine used not to be recognized in Western countries.

CTu achieved great things although she didn't have an impressive background.

DTu is the first female scientist to win a Lasker Award.

26. In the process of discovering artemisinin, Tu _________.

Abegan with a private project

Bsucceeded during the first experiments

Cfaced many different opinions

Dmade extracts in a creative way

27. Why is artemisinin especially important for children from poor countries?

AIt is a very cheap medicine and easy for them to get hold of.

BThey believe in the effect of Chinese medicine.

CThere are no other cures for malaria.

DIt has the fewest side effects for children.

28. According to the article, the Lasker Awards _________.

Aare more influential than Nobel Prizes in the medical field

Bare awarded to those who have made great medical achievements

Care awarded to more Americans than people from any other country

Dare usually awarded to scientists who are not famous in their field

分值: 8分 查看题目解析 >
阅读理解 本大题共4小题,每小题2分,共8分。阅读短文,完成下列小题。
1

C

With brown curly hair and a pair of glasses, 19-year-old Nicholas Allegra from New York state, US, looks like a real-life Harry Potter. However, rather than waving a wand, Nicholas is a "wizard " at "jailbreaking ". This is probably why he ended up with an internship at Apple, a job many of his fellow Brown University students dream of.

Jailbreaking is the process of removing the limitations set by Apple on devices with the iOS operating system. These devices include the iPhone, iPod Touch, and iPad. It allows users to gain full access to the operating system and download additional materials that are unavailable through the official Apple App Store. However, it is estimated that Apple loses $100 million (640million yuan) from jailbreaking each year.

Nicholas, with a famous nickname "Comex", is the teenage hacker behind the jail-

breaking site JailbreakMe. com. The site tells users how to unlock their iPhones using software that is not approved by Apple. The jailbreaking software he made has been downloaded millions of times by users around the world.

Then Forbes magazine suggested in an article that Apple's security team might need him as a new intern. It seems that they do. Little more than a day after Steve jobs stepped down as CEO, Apple welcomed Nicholas Allegra. Nicholas wrote on his Twitter on August 26 that " It's been really, really fun, but it's also been a while and I've been getting bored. So, the week after next I will be starting an internship with Apple.

Apple is not the only company embracing the skills of hackers. Facebook recently hired iPhone jailbreaker George "Geohot" Hotz as a full-time employee.

However, there are still hot debates about whether employing hackers is a wise solution. The word "hacker" has always had a double meaning. In the press, "hacker" means someone who breaks into computers. They steal from people's bank accounts, download sensitive information and attack legal websites. Among computer lovers, it means a cool programmer who can make a computer do whatever he wants.

Hiring a hacker does have its advantages. A talented hacker is probably quite capable of finding problems and suggesting corrections. On the other hand, because of a hacker's former behavior, many people doubt their morals .Can the company trust them with its valuable assets ? And can someone who is so used to working alone in the dark fit into a new role within a company?

One thing is for sure- Comex isn't the first member of the hacker community to land the job of his dreams. It's likely that he won't be the last.

29. What did Nicolas Allegra do before working for Apple?

AHe was a wizard.

BHe designed software for Apple.

CHe ran an Apple app store.

DHe set up JailbreakMe. com.

30. According to the article, jailbreaking _______.

Aenables iPhone users to access more functions on their phones

Bdoesn't cause much financial loss to Apple

Cdestroys the operating system of Apple products[

Dhelps promote Apple products around the world

31. The underlined word "embracing" in Paragraph 5 is closest in meaning to

Apraising

Bpreventing

Caccepting

Dprotesting

32. Some people think it unwise to hire hackers because they _______.

Aare likely to quit their job very quickly

Bare not reliable and adaptable enough

Clack professional problem solving skills

Dare used to working at night rather than in the daytime

分值: 8分 查看题目解析 >
阅读理解 本大题共3小题,每小题2分,共6分。阅读短文,完成下列小题。
1

D

When it comes to cultural heritage protection, the Grand Canal of China is probably the world’s greatest project of its kind. The big inland waterway system in the north-eastern and central eastern plains passes through eight of the country’s present-day provinces.

The Canal runs from Beijing in the north to Zhejiang Province in the south. Constructed in sections from the 5th century BC onwards, it was designed as a means of communication in the 7th century AD. The Canal is the world’s greatest civil engineering project before the Industrial Revolution.

The Grand Canal reached a peak in the 13th century, providing an inland navigation(航行) network consisting of more than 2,000 kilometers of artificial waterways, linking five of the most important river basins in China, including the Yellow River and the Yangtze. It entered a bid as a UNESCO(联合国教科文组织) cultural heritage site in 2008.

The Grand Canal cultural square is located in Beijing’s Tongzhou district. Ever since the Yuan dynasty 800 years ago, the Tongzhou section of the Grand Canal has been the life blood of Beijing. Grain and building materials were all transported to meet the endless demands of the big cities. Even today, the Grand Canal plays a major role in the lives of its citizens.

"I grew up near the Grand Canal. In the past the waterway was a lot narrower, but now it’s nice and wide and bridges are built over it. I think if the bid for world heritage status succeeds, it will greatly make Tongzhou more famous in the world, especially with Tongzhou aiming to be a sub-center of the capital Beijing," a citizen said.

The result of the bid is set to be released next week, and no doubt it will certainly make it into the history books if the Canal is listed as a world heritage site.

33.It can be concluded from the passage that ________ .

AThe bid’s result of the Canal will be announced soon

Bthe Canal is the UNESCO’s newest world heritage site

Cthe Canal is to connect Tongzhou with Zhejiang Province

Dthe Canal will be a bid for a UNESCO cultural heritage site

34.The Grand Canal was in the most glorious time ________ .

Awhen it was aimed as a means of communication

Bwhen it crossed the Yellow River and the Yangtze

Cwhen it was born about six hundred years later

Dwhen it was designed as an artificial waterway

35.What can we infer by reading the passage?

ATongzhou used to be the capital of the Yuan dynasty.

BMost citizens living in Tongzhou depend on the Canal.

CTongzhou will benefit if the Canal is made a heritage site.

DSome citizens think the Canal not to be a cultural heritage item.

分值: 6分 查看题目解析 >
简答题(综合题) 本大题共35分。简答应写出文字说明、证明过程或演算步骤。
1

36.根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项,选项中有两项为多余选项。

In many countries of the world, people do what is called house sitting.It means that if owners of the house are going away, they want someone to come into their home and look after the house and maybe pets while they are away.

In Australia, many people travel.After people retire, they might buy a van and travel all over the country.

So if someone wants to travel or go away for some reason, they might want someone in their home to care for it and keep the gardens tidy.House sitters might have to care for pets.Also, quite a few people have swimming pools in their back yard and they need cleaning. . I feel it is a great way of seeing the country, because you go and stay in a new city, get to meet new people, and have time to go sightseeing in a new area.

.There are websites where you find the advertisements by people who want to travel, and by replying to the advertisement, you can make arrangements to go and look after their home.

There are some requirements to be a house sitter.You must be a trusted person, so that the home owner knows you will not steal anything.You must be able to go when the house owner wants you to go, so you need lots of free time. .You need to be good with pets, able to care for cats and dogs, or other pets they may have.

Some house sitting jobs are just for a few days or a couple of weeks while the house owners have a short holiday.Sometimes it is for much longer.We have had one house sit for six months, while the home owner travelled to Europe.

. Then you can travel to many different countries and stay there.One of the important things to get is references from the home owners where you have stayed. A reference is a written letter to say that you are trustworthy and have looked after their home well.You can show these letters to possible house sitting jobs and they know you will do a good job.A I have done house sitting many times.B Thousands of people do this all the time.C It is also possible to do house sitting in other countries.D Generally you have many opportunities to get a house sitting job.E You must take a little care over what your description says about you.F This is an international house sitting service for all city and country areas.G You must have a good car, so you can travel to different parts of the country.

分值: 10分 查看题目解析 >
1

62.阅读下面短文,按照句子结构的语法性和上下文连贯的要求,在空格处填入一个适当的词或使用括号中词语的正确形式填空,并将答案填在答题卡标号为61-70的相应位置上。

Keeping a diary in Englishis one of the effective ways     (improve) our English writing ability.

   Compared with other forms of writing, it isshorter and takes    (little) time. It can help us to developthe habit of thinking in English. If we persist (坚持) in this practice, gradually we’ll learn how to express ourselves in English. In keeping a diary inEnglish, we certainly run up against many    (difficult). Firstly, itoften happens that we have trouble     (find) appropriate words and phrases to giveexpression to our mind. Secondly, there     (be) many idiomatic ways ofsaying things in Chinese. And it is extremely hard for us to put them intoEnglish      (proper).

   As faras I am concerned, my suggestion is    we should always have a notebook and aChinese-English dictionary within easy reach. Whenever something beats us, we can first put it down inour notebook and then consult our dictionary. We can also ask our Englishteacher     help, if necessary. In short, I believe thatit is    great use to keep a diary inEnglish for the       (develop) of our writing skills.

分值: 15分 查看题目解析 >
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63.假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。作文中共有10处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。

增加:在缺词处加一个漏子符号(∧)并在其下面写出该加的词。

删除:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。

注意:1.每处错误及其修改均仅限一词;2只允许修改10处,多者(从第11处起)不计分。

分值: 10分 查看题目解析 >
完型填空 本大题共20小题,每小题 1.50分,共30分。
1

Aa阅读下面短文,掌握其大意,然后从各题所给的四个选项(A.B.C和D)中选可以填入空白处的最佳选项。

I got aboard and sat down in my seat.It was going to be a long flight. Around me were some   "Where are you headed?" I asked.

"Lakes Air Base.We'll be there for special training, and then to the front."

After about an hour, an announcement was made that box lunches were  for five dollars. The journey would be several hours, and I decided to buy one.

As I   for my wallet, I heard a soldier ask his fellows if he would buy lunch."No, that seems a lot of money for just a box lunch." I looked around at the other soldiers. were buying lunch.I walked to the back of the plane and   the flight attendant a fifty-dollar bill.

"Take a lunch to all those soldiers." I said.She seized my arms tightly.Her eyes wet with tears, she   me, " My son is a soldier in the front...it's almost like you are doing it for him."

Picking up ten boxes, she headed to the soldiers.

After eating, on my way to the rest room I was   by a man."I saw  ou did and I want to be part of it." With this, he handed me twenty-five dollars.

Soon after I returned to my seat, I saw the Flight Captain coming, looking at the seat numbers    he walked.When he got to my row he stopped, smiled, held out his    , and said, "I want to     your hand." I stood and took his hand.With a loud voice he said, "I was a soldier.   someone bought me a lunch.It was such an act of  that I never forgot." I was a little bit   when applause rang out from all of the passengers.These soldiers were giving their all for our country.I could only give them a couple of meals.

Later, when I walked to the front of the plane to stretch my legs, a man  another twenty-five dollars in my hand.

When we  , I gathered my belongings and started to leave.A man stopped me, put something in my pocket, and walked away   a word.Another twenty-five dollars! Seeing the soldiers     at the terminal, I walked over to them and handed them seventy-five dollars.As I walked   to my car, I prayed for their safe   

41.

Astrangers

Bsoldiers

Cattendants

Dpassengers

42.

Aavailable

Breasonable

Cconvenient

Dspecial

44.

Aprepared

Bsent

Creached

Dpaid

45.

ANone

BSome

CMany

DAll

46.

Alent

Bshowed

Chanded

Dcharged

47.

Aadvised

Bgreeted

Cinspired

Dthanked

48.

Apraised

Bstopped

Cattracted

Ddiscovered

49.

Ahow

Bwhich

Cwhat

Dthat

50.

Aas

Bthough

Ctill

Dunless

51.

Atongue

Barm

Chead

Dhand

52.

Afeel

Bseize

Cshake

Dcheck

53.

AOnce

BLater

CRecently

DFrequently

54.

Aperformance

Bkindness

Cbravery

Dwisdom

55.

Aembarrassed

Brelieved

Coverjoyed

Dsatisfied

56.

Athrew

Bfound

Ctook

Dleft

57.

Aseparated

Blanded

Cpaused

Dchatted

58.

Ain

Bfor

Cthrough

Dwithout

59.

Atraining

Bshouting

Cgathering

Dmarching

60.

Acasually

BAnxiously

Cdisappointedly

Dlightheartedly

61.

Aarrival

Breturn

Cflight

Descape

分值: 30分 查看题目解析 >
书面表达 本大题共25分。
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64.假如你是李华,今年暑假去打工, 参加社会实践活动。请你根据下面的提示用英语写一篇短文“An Unforgettable Experience”,以发表在校刊上。

注意:1必须使用第一人称;2不要逐句翻译,可适当扩展,词数100--120左右;
3要求字迹工整,卷面整洁。

分值: 25分 查看题目解析 >
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