• 英语 通化市2017年高三第一次质量检测
阅读理解 本大题共4小题,每小题2分,共8分。阅读短文,完成下列小题。
1

When 19-year-old Sophia Giorgi said she was thinking of volunteering to help the Make-A-Wish Foundation (基金会),nobody understood what she was talking about. But Sophia knew just how important Make – A –Wish could be because this special organization had helped to make a dream come true for one of her best friends. We were interested in finding out more, so we went along to meet Sophia and listen to what she had to say.

Sophia told us that Make – A –Wish is a worldwide organization that started in the United States in 1980. “It’s a charity(慈善机构)that helps children who have got very serious illnesses. Make – A –Wish helps children feel happy even though they are sick, by making their wishes and dreams come true,” Sophia explained.

We asked Sophia how Make – A –Wish had first started. She said it had all begun with a very sick young boy called Chris, who had been dreaming for a long time of becoming a policeman. Sophia said lots of people had wanted to find a way to make Chris’s dream come true ----so, with everybody’s help, Chris, only seven years old at the time, had been a “policeman” for a day. “when people saw how delighted Chris was when his dream came true, they decided to try and help other sick children too, and that was the beginning of Make – A –Wish,” explained Sophia.

Sophia also told us the Foundation tries to give children and their families a special, happy time. A Make-A-Wish volunteer visits the families and asks the children what they would wish for if they could have anything in the world. Sophia said the volunteers were important because they were the ones who helped to make the wishes come true. They do this either by providing things that are necessary, or by raising money or helping out in whatever way they can.

21.Sophia found out about Make-A-Wish because her best friend had _________ . ( )

Adreamed about it

Btold the author about it

Cbenefited from it

Dvolunteered to help it

22.According to Sophia, Make-A-Wish  __________ . ( )

Astarted by drawing the interest of the public

Bwas understood by nobody at first

Craises money for  very poor families

Dis an international charity

23.What is said about Chris in Paragraph3? ( )

AHe has been a policeman since he was seven.

BHe gave people the idea of starting Make-A-Wish.

CHe wanted people to help make his dream come true.

DHe was the first child Make-A-Wish helped after it had been set up.

24. Which of the following is true about Make-A-Wish volunteers? ( )

AThey are important for making wishes come true.

BThey try to help children get over their illnesses.

CThey visit sick children to make them feel special.

DThey provide what is necessary to make Make-A-Wish popular.

分值: 8分 查看题目解析 >
阅读理解 本大题共4小题,每小题2分,共8分。阅读短文,完成下列小题。
1

The word proactivity is fairly common in management literature, but you won't find it in the dictionary. It means that as a human being you take responsibility for your own life.

Look at the word responsibility: ability to choose your response, response-ability. Effective people are proactive because they take responsibility. Their behavior is a product of their own decisions, based on values, rather than being a product of their own conditions, based on feelings. For instance, you are planning a picnic with your family. You're excited. You have all the preparations.You've decided where to go, and then it becomes stormy, killing your plan. Proactive people carry weather within them. They realize what their purpose really was, and they creatively have a picnic elsewhere even if it's in their own basement with some special games, and make the best of that situation. The opposite of being proactive is to be reactive. Reactive people would say, "What's the use?" "We can't do anything." "Oh, this is so upsetting after all of our preparations and arrangements." They try to persuade the people around them and usually the picnic will be cancelled.

Being proactive is really just being true to your human nature. Your basic nature is to act, and not to be acted upon. That's true, despite widely accepted theories of determinism used to explain human nature. Determinism says that you don't really choose anything and that what you call choices are nothing more than automatic responses to outside conditions.

The language of reactive people is like: " I can't." " Don't have time." " I have to." " I must." The whole spirit of that language is the transfer of responsibility. They think things are determined by their environment, or by their conditions, or their genetic makeup. Psychologically, people who believe they are determined will produce the evidence to support the belief, and they increasingly feel victimized and out of control. They're not in charge of their life at all.

On the contrary, a proactive person exercises free will, the freedom to choose the response that best applies to his values. In that way, he gains control over the circumstances, rather than being controlled by them.

【语篇导读】本文是一篇议论文,主要论述了积极主动的人和消极被动的人的行为有何不同。积极主动的人会主动应对外部条件,而消极的人总是会把事物归结于外部条件或者是基因组成所影响,爱抱怨,最终放弃。

25. According to the passage, a proactive person's behavior can result from __________ . ( )

Athe environment

Ban inner belief

Cthe genetic makeup

Da temporary feeling

26. When a picnic plan is threatened by a sudden storm, reactive people will probably __________ . ( )

Ahave the picnic as planned

Bcomplain and give up the picnic

Cmake the best of the picnic

Dfind somewhere else for the picnic

27. What does "carry weather within them" in the second paragraph probably mean? ( )

AGive in to the weather passively.

BManage to improve the weather.

CStress the influence of the weather.

DFind a solution to the weather problems.

28. It can be concluded from the passage that determinists (宿命论者) __________ . ( )

Aare similar to proactive people

Bare in charge of themselves

Caccept things passively

Drespond to outside conditions actively

分值: 8分 查看题目解析 >
阅读理解 本大题共4小题,每小题2分,共8分。阅读短文,完成下列小题。
1

Would it surprise you to learn that, like animals, trees communicate with each other and pass on their wealth to the next generation?

UBC Professor Simard explains how trees are much more complex than most of us ever imagined. Although Charles Darwin thought that trees are competing for survival of the fittest, Simard shows just how wrong he was. In fact, the opposite is true: trees survive through their co-operation and support, passing around necessary nutrition "depending on who needs it".

Nitrogen (氮) and carbon are shared through miles of underground fungi (真菌) networks, making sure that all trees in the forest ecological system give and receive just the right amount to keep them all healthy. This hidden system works in a very similar way to the networks of neurons (神经元) in our brains, and when one tree is destroyed, it affects all.

Simard talks about "mother trees", usually the largest and oldest plants on which all other trees depend. She explains how dying trees pass on the wealth to the next generation, transporting important minerals to young trees so they may continue to grow. When humans cut down "mother trees" with no awareness of these highly complex "tree societies" or the networks on which they feed, we are reducing the chances of survival for the entire forest.

"We didn't take any notice of it," Simard says sadly. "Dying trees move nutrition into the young trees before dying, but we never give them chance." If we could put across the message to the forestry industry, we could make a huge difference towards our environmental protection efforts for the future.[]

【语篇导读】本文是一篇说明文,主要说明了树木的生存是相互依赖相互支持的,树木的生命之源是如何将养分传递给下一代的。

29. The underlined sentence "the opposite is true" in Paragraph 2 probably means that trees __________ . ( )

Acompete for survival

Bprotect their own wealth

Cdepend on each other

Dprovide support for dying trees

30. "Mother trees" are extremely important because they __________ . ( )

Apass on nutrition to young trees

Blook the largest in size in the forest

Cseem more likely to be cut down by humans

Dknow more about the complex "tree societies"

31. The underlined word "it" in the last paragraph refers to __________ . ( )

Ahow forestry industry develops

Bhow trees grow old

Chow "tree societies" work

Dhow young trees survive

32. What would be the best title for the passage? ( )

ATrees Are More Awesome Than You Think

BYoung Trees Are In Need Of Protection

COld Trees Communicate Like Humans

DTrees Contribute To Our Society

分值: 8分 查看题目解析 >
阅读理解 本大题共3小题,每小题2分,共6分。阅读短文,完成下列小题。
1

What to do this weekend in London

Beach Camp

Walpole Park, Mattock Lane, Ealing, W5 (020 8579 5436), today and tomorrow (and until Thurs), midday-6pm, children £5, adults free.

Spend a day at the seaside without having to travel out of London. This children’s event is part Ealing’s Summer Festival, and there’s the added bonus that, if it rains, you don’t have to pack up and go home either, as the ‘beach’ will be in a weatherproof tent.

The Blue Peter Experience

BBC Experience, Broadcasting House, Portland Place, W1(0870 603 0304), today and tomorrow,10am-6pm, adults £7.50, children £4.95.

The show may be over for the summer but now, with this new exhibition, young fans can find out about life behind the scenes on the long-running children’s programme. There’s the chance to have a go at presenting the show, watch clips of some of the funniest moments, as well as discovering endless fascinating facts about the programme.

Out of Asia

Victoria Embankmen Garden, Villiers St, WC2(020 7375 0441), today and tomorrow, 2pm-6pm, free.

This family event celebrates the music, dance and drama of India, China and Bangladesh. For more free entertainment, head across the bridge to the National Theatre, which has a programme of outdoor events today. There’s Woza Africa ---- a truly outstanding line-up of African music, dance and activities tomorrow.

Children’s Festival

Cardiff Castle, Cardiff (02920 394040), today, 10.30am-5am, tickets £2(under-threes free).

It’s that time of year again, when the green of Cardiff Castle is turned into a children’s wonderland. This year, there’s an environmental theme, so there are big junk sculptures and a life-size whale, as well as clowns, mazes, workshops and videos.

Firework Fantasia

Cannon Hill Park, Birmingham (0121 464 2000), tonight, 7pm, adults £5, children £3 (prebooked group ticket £10).

Pack your picnic basket for an evening music in one of Birmingham’s loveliest parks.

The concert by the City of Birmingham Symphony Orchestra will end with a fireworks display.

【语篇导读】本文是关于旅游度假区的几则广告,每则广告都充分表现了旅游度假区的各自优点和特长。

33. If people want to feel the joy of summer beach, they can go to ______( )

ACardiff Castle.

BWalpole Park

CCannon Hill Park.

DVictoria Embankmen Garden.

34. If a family of two adults and two children go to enjoy the Blue Peter Experience, how much should they pay? ( )

A£10.00

B£16.00

C£15.00

D£24.90

35. What do all the events mentioned in the text have in common? ( )

AThey are all held indoors

BThey are all intended for Londoners

CThey are all suitable for children.

DThey all last two days

分值: 6分 查看题目解析 >
补全信息 本大题共5小题,每小题2分,共10分。把答案填写在题中横线上。
1

For someone who is such a successful investor, Warren Buffett comes off as a pretty ordinary guy. He was born on August 30, 1930. _ He used to go door to door and sell soda water. When his family moved to Washington, Buffett became a paperboy for The Washington Post. Buffett ran his five paper routes and even added magazines to round out his product offerings. While still in school, he was making $175 a month, a full-time wage for many men.

_ He spent $1,200 on 40 acres of farmland in Nebraska. He and a friend also made $ 50 a week by placing pinball machines in barbershops. They called their venture Wilson Coin Operated Co. As a successful small-time businessman, Buffett wasn’t interested in going to college but ended up at the University of Pennsylvania—his father encouraged him to go. _ But he was turned down, which was one of the worst admission decisions in Harvard history. The outcome affected Buffett’s life, for he ended up attending Columbia Business School, where he studied under Professor Benjamin Graham, the father of securities analysis who provided the foundation for Buffett’s investment strategy.

From the beginning, Buffett made his fortune from investing. He started with all the money he had made from selling soda water, delivering papers, and operating pinball machines. Between 1950 and 1956 , he grew his $ 9800 to $ 14,000. _ And then he gradually drew in other investors through word of mouth and very attractive terms.

_ He doesn’t collect houses or cars or works of art, and he disdains (鄙视) companies that waste money on expensive cars, private dining rooms, and high-priced real villas. He is a creature of habit—same house, same office, same city, same soda water.

【语篇导读】本文是一篇传记,讲述了巴菲特自幼就对投资饱有兴趣,虽然他上学深造时不尽人意,但他自食其力,逐渐扩大了投资规模,成为著名的商人。

ABuffett is more likely to be found in a four-star restaurant.

BEven as a young child, Buffett was serious about making money.

CBuffett’s investment strategy mirrors his lifestyle and his overall philosophy.

DOne thing is for sure about Buffett was serious about making money.

EFrom there, he organized investment partnerships with his family and friends.

FWhen he was 14, Buffett still kept great interest in investment.

GThen Buffett applied to Harvard Business School.

分值: 10分 查看题目解析 >
完型填空 本大题共20小题,每小题 1.50分,共30分。
1

I used to believe in the American Dream, which meant a job, a mortgage (按揭), credit cards, success. I wanted it and worked toward it like everyone else, all of us _ chasing the same thing.

One year, through a series of unhappy events, it all fell _. I found myself homeless and alone. I had my truck and $56. I _ the countryside for some place I could rent for the _ possible amount. I came upon a shabby house four miles up a winding mountain road _ the Potomac River in West Virginia. It was _, full of broken glass and rubbish. I found the owner, rented it, and _ a corner to camp in.

The locals knew nothing about me, _ slowly, they started teaching me the _ of being a neighbor. They dropped off blankets, candles, and tools, and began _ around to chat. They started to teach me a belief in a _ American Dream—not the one of individual achievement but of _.

What I had believed in, all those things I thought were _ for a civilized life, were nonexistent in this place. _ on the mountain, my most valuable possessions were my _ with my neighbors.

Four years later, I moved back into _. I saw many people were having a really hard time, _their jobs and homes. I managed to rent a big enough house to_ a handful of people. There are four of us now in the house, but over time I’ve had nine people come in and move on to other places. We’d all be in _ if we hadn’t banded together.

The American Dream I believe in now is a shared one. It’s not so much about what I can get for myself; it’s about _ we can all get by together.

【语篇导读】本文是一篇记叙文,以我的美国梦做引导,讲述了作者以前辛苦的生活,使作者懂得了人们要团结一致,乐于助人,实现大家的美国梦。

41.

Aseparately

Bequally

Cviolently

Dnaturally

42.

Aoff

Bapart

Cover

Dout

43.

Acrossed

Bleft

Csearched

Dtoured[

44.

Afullest

Blargest

Cfairest

Dcheapest

45.

Aat

Bover

Cthrough

Dround[]

46.

Aoccupied

Babandoned

Cemptied

Drobbed

47.

Aturned

Bapproached

Ccleared

Dcut

48.

Abut

Balthough

Cotherwise

Dfor

49.

Aart

Bbenefit

Clesson

Dnature

50.

Aturning

Bswinging

Clooking

Dsticking

51.

Awild

Breal

Cdifferent

Dremote

52.

Ahappiness

Bfriendliness

Ckindness

Dneighborliness

53.

Anecessary

Brare

Cexpensive

Dunique

54.

ADown

BDeep

CAlong

DUp

55.

Acooperation

Brelationships

Csatisfaction

DAppointments

56.

Atown

Bsociety

Clife

Dreality

57.

Acreating

Blosing

Cquitting

Doffering

58.

Aput in

Bturn in

Ctake in

Dget in

59.

Ayards

Bcamps

Cshelters

Dcottages

60.

Awhen

Bwhat

Cwhether

Dhow

分值: 30分 查看题目解析 >
语法填空 本大题共10小题,每小题1.5分,共15分。把答案填写在题中横线上。
1

Once a man came to Allah (安拉) and said, “Oh Allah, I have many bad habits. Which one should I give up first?” Allah said, “Give up telling lies first and always tell the truth.” The man promised to do _ and went home.

At night the man was about to go out to steal. Before setting out, he thought for a moment about the promise he made _ Allah. “If tomorrow Allah asks me where I have been, what should I say? Should I say that I went _ (steal)? No, I cannot say that. If I tell the truth, everyone will start hating me and call _ a thief. I would _ (punish) for stealing. But _ can I lie.”

So the man decided not to steal that night, and gave up this bad habit.

Next day, when he was about to drink wine, he also remembered _ he promised to Allah, so he gave up _ idea of drinking wine. In this way, _ the man thought of doing something bad, he remembered his promise to tell the truth _ all time. One by one, he gave up all his bad habits.

【语篇导读】本文是一个故事,一个人想要做坏事的时候,就会想起他对安拉许下的承诺,不再说谎,要诚实,于是他就改掉了许多坏习惯。

分值: 15分 查看题目解析 >
简答题(综合题) 本大题共10分。简答应写出文字说明、证明过程或演算步骤。
1

71. 短文改错 One rainy day while I was walking home with one of my friend, a truck came to a stop besides us. The driver put the window down and offered us the umbrella because he found we were wet through. I stood there and couldn’t believe in that a complete stranger is so thoughtful. The man insisted, so I grateful accepted the offer, thanked him and watched the truck disappear down the road. This man might need the umbrella himself, and he preferred to give it to everyone else. It was a lesson to us that it was possible give without expect anything in return.

分值: 10分 查看题目解析 >
书面表达 本大题共25分。
1

72.假定你是李华,你校英文报“外国文化”栏目拟刊登介绍美国节日风俗和中学生生活的短文。请给美国朋友彼得写信约稿,要点如下:

1).栏目介绍;2).稿件内容;3).稿件长度:约400词;4).交稿日期:9月28日前。

注意:1).词数100左右;2).可以适当增加细节,以使行文连贯;3).开头语已为你写好。

Dear Peter,

I’d like to ask you to write an article for our school’s English newspaper.

__________________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

分值: 25分 查看题目解析 >
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