When 19-year-old Sophia Giorgi said she was thinking of volunteering to help the Make-A-Wish Foundation (基金会)，nobody understood what she was talking about. But Sophia knew just how important Make – A –Wish could be because this special organization had helped to make a dream come true for one of her best friends. We were interested in finding out more, so we went along to meet Sophia and listen to what she had to say.
Sophia told us that Make – A –Wish is a worldwide organization that started in the United States in 1980. “It’s a charity(慈善机构)that helps children who have got very serious illnesses. Make – A –Wish helps children feel happy even though they are sick, by making their wishes and dreams come true,” Sophia explained.
We asked Sophia how Make – A –Wish had first started. She said it had all begun with a very sick young boy called Chris, who had been dreaming for a long time of becoming a policeman. Sophia said lots of people had wanted to find a way to make Chris’s dream come true ----so, with everybody’s help, Chris, only seven years old at the time, had been a “policeman” for a day. “when people saw how delighted Chris was when his dream came true, they decided to try and help other sick children too, and that was the beginning of Make – A –Wish,” explained Sophia.
Sophia also told us the Foundation tries to give children and their families a special, happy time. A Make-A-Wish volunteer visits the families and asks the children what they would wish for if they could have anything in the world. Sophia said the volunteers were important because they were the ones who helped to make the wishes come true. They do this either by providing things that are necessary, or by raising money or helping out in whatever way they can.
21.Sophia found out about Make-A-Wish because her best friend had _________ . （ ）
22.According to Sophia, Make-A-Wish __________ . （ ）
23.What is said about Chris in Paragraph3? （ ）
24. Which of the following is true about Make-A-Wish volunteers? （ ）
The word proactivity is fairly common in management literature, but you won't find it in the dictionary. It means that as a human being you take responsibility for your own life.
Look at the word responsibility: ability to choose your response, response-ability. Effective people are proactive because they take responsibility. Their behavior is a product of their own decisions, based on values, rather than being a product of their own conditions, based on feelings. For instance, you are planning a picnic with your family. You're excited. You have all the preparations．You've decided where to go, and then it becomes stormy, killing your plan. Proactive people carry weather within them. They realize what their purpose really was, and they creatively have a picnic elsewhere even if it's in their own basement with some special games, and make the best of that situation. The opposite of being proactive is to be reactive. Reactive people would say, "What's the use?" "We can't do anything." "Oh, this is so upsetting after all of our preparations and arrangements." They try to persuade the people around them and usually the picnic will be cancelled.
Being proactive is really just being true to your human nature. Your basic nature is to act, and not to be acted upon. That's true, despite widely accepted theories of determinism used to explain human nature. Determinism says that you don't really choose anything and that what you call choices are nothing more than automatic responses to outside conditions.
The language of reactive people is like: " I can't." " Don't have time." " I have to." " I must." The whole spirit of that language is the transfer of responsibility. They think things are determined by their environment, or by their conditions, or their genetic makeup. Psychologically, people who believe they are determined will produce the evidence to support the belief, and they increasingly feel victimized and out of control. They're not in charge of their life at all.
On the contrary, a proactive person exercises free will, the freedom to choose the response that best applies to his values. In that way, he gains control over the circumstances, rather than being controlled by them.
25. According to the passage, a proactive person's behavior can result from __________ . （ ）
26. When a picnic plan is threatened by a sudden storm, reactive people will probably __________ . （ ）
27. What does "carry weather within them" in the second paragraph probably mean? （ ）
28. It can be concluded from the passage that determinists (宿命论者) __________ . （ ）
Would it surprise you to learn that, like animals, trees communicate with each other and pass on their wealth to the next generation?
UBC Professor Simard explains how trees are much more complex than most of us ever imagined. Although Charles Darwin thought that trees are competing for survival of the fittest, Simard shows just how wrong he was. In fact, the opposite is true: trees survive through their co-operation and support, passing around necessary nutrition "depending on who needs it".
Nitrogen (氮) and carbon are shared through miles of underground fungi (真菌) networks, making sure that all trees in the forest ecological system give and receive just the right amount to keep them all healthy. This hidden system works in a very similar way to the networks of neurons (神经元) in our brains, and when one tree is destroyed, it affects all.
Simard talks about "mother trees", usually the largest and oldest plants on which all other trees depend. She explains how dying trees pass on the wealth to the next generation, transporting important minerals to young trees so they may continue to grow. When humans cut down "mother trees" with no awareness of these highly complex "tree societies" or the networks on which they feed, we are reducing the chances of survival for the entire forest.
"We didn't take any notice of it," Simard says sadly. "Dying trees move nutrition into the young trees before dying, but we never give them chance." If we could put across the message to the forestry industry, we could make a huge difference towards our environmental protection efforts for the future.
29. The underlined sentence "the opposite is true" in Paragraph 2 probably means that trees __________ . （ ）
30. "Mother trees" are extremely important because they __________ . （ ）
31. The underlined word "it" in the last paragraph refers to __________ . （ ）
32. What would be the best title for the passage? （ ）
What to do this weekend in London
Walpole Park, Mattock Lane, Ealing, W5 (020 8579 5436), today and tomorrow (and until Thurs), midday-6pm, children ￡5, adults free.
Spend a day at the seaside without having to travel out of London. This children’s event is part Ealing’s Summer Festival, and there’s the added bonus that, if it rains, you don’t have to pack up and go home either, as the ‘beach’ will be in a weatherproof tent.
The Blue Peter Experience
BBC Experience, Broadcasting House, Portland Place, W1(0870 603 0304), today and tomorrow,10am-6pm, adults ￡7.50, children ￡4.95.
The show may be over for the summer but now, with this new exhibition, young fans can find out about life behind the scenes on the long-running children’s programme. There’s the chance to have a go at presenting the show, watch clips of some of the funniest moments, as well as discovering endless fascinating facts about the programme.
Out of Asia
Victoria Embankmen Garden, Villiers St, WC2(020 7375 0441), today and tomorrow, 2pm-6pm, free.
This family event celebrates the music, dance and drama of India, China and Bangladesh. For more free entertainment, head across the bridge to the National Theatre, which has a programme of outdoor events today. There’s Woza Africa ---- a truly outstanding line-up of African music, dance and activities tomorrow.
Cardiff Castle, Cardiff (02920 394040), today, 10.30am-5am, tickets ￡2(under-threes free).
It’s that time of year again, when the green of Cardiff Castle is turned into a children’s wonderland. This year, there’s an environmental theme, so there are big junk sculptures and a life-size whale, as well as clowns, mazes, workshops and videos.
Cannon Hill Park, Birmingham (0121 464 2000), tonight, 7pm, adults ￡5, children ￡3 (prebooked group ticket ￡10).
Pack your picnic basket for an evening music in one of Birmingham’s loveliest parks.
The concert by the City of Birmingham Symphony Orchestra will end with a fireworks display.
33. If people want to feel the joy of summer beach, they can go to ______（ ）
34. If a family of two adults and two children go to enjoy the Blue Peter Experience, how much should they pay? （ ）
35. What do all the events mentioned in the text have in common? （ ）
For someone who is such a successful investor, Warren Buffett comes off as a pretty ordinary guy. He was born on August 30, 1930. _ He used to go door to door and sell soda water. When his family moved to Washington, Buffett became a paperboy for The Washington Post. Buffett ran his five paper routes and even added magazines to round out his product offerings. While still in school, he was making $175 a month, a full-time wage for many men.
_ He spent $1,200 on 40 acres of farmland in Nebraska. He and a friend also made $ 50 a week by placing pinball machines in barbershops. They called their venture Wilson Coin Operated Co. As a successful small-time businessman, Buffett wasn’t interested in going to college but ended up at the University of Pennsylvania—his father encouraged him to go. _ But he was turned down, which was one of the worst admission decisions in Harvard history. The outcome affected Buffett’s life, for he ended up attending Columbia Business School, where he studied under Professor Benjamin Graham, the father of securities analysis who provided the foundation for Buffett’s investment strategy.
From the beginning, Buffett made his fortune from investing. He started with all the money he had made from selling soda water, delivering papers, and operating pinball machines. Between 1950 and 1956 , he grew his $ 9800 to $ 14,000. _ And then he gradually drew in other investors through word of mouth and very attractive terms.
_ He doesn’t collect houses or cars or works of art, and he disdains (鄙视) companies that waste money on expensive cars, private dining rooms, and high-priced real villas. He is a creature of habit—same house, same office, same city, same soda water.
I used to believe in the American Dream, which meant a job, a mortgage (按揭), credit cards, success. I wanted it and worked toward it like everyone else, all of us _ chasing the same thing.
One year, through a series of unhappy events, it all fell _. I found myself homeless and alone. I had my truck and $56. I _ the countryside for some place I could rent for the _ possible amount. I came upon a shabby house four miles up a winding mountain road _ the Potomac River in West Virginia. It was _, full of broken glass and rubbish. I found the owner, rented it, and _ a corner to camp in.
The locals knew nothing about me, _ slowly, they started teaching me the _ of being a neighbor. They dropped off blankets, candles, and tools, and began _ around to chat. They started to teach me a belief in a _ American Dream—not the one of individual achievement but of _.
What I had believed in, all those things I thought were _ for a civilized life, were nonexistent in this place. _ on the mountain, my most valuable possessions were my _ with my neighbors.
Four years later, I moved back into _. I saw many people were having a really hard time, _their jobs and homes. I managed to rent a big enough house to_ a handful of people. There are four of us now in the house, but over time I’ve had nine people come in and move on to other places. We’d all be in _ if we hadn’t banded together.
The American Dream I believe in now is a shared one. It’s not so much about what I can get for myself; it’s about _ we can all get by together.
Once a man came to Allah (安拉) and said, “Oh Allah, I have many bad habits. Which one should I give up first?” Allah said, “Give up telling lies first and always tell the truth.” The man promised to do _ and went home.
At night the man was about to go out to steal. Before setting out, he thought for a moment about the promise he made _ Allah. “If tomorrow Allah asks me where I have been, what should I say? Should I say that I went _ (steal)? No, I cannot say that. If I tell the truth, everyone will start hating me and call _ a thief. I would _ (punish) for stealing. But _ can I lie.”
So the man decided not to steal that night, and gave up this bad habit.
Next day, when he was about to drink wine, he also remembered _ he promised to Allah, so he gave up _ idea of drinking wine. In this way, _ the man thought of doing something bad, he remembered his promise to tell the truth _ all time. One by one, he gave up all his bad habits.
71. 短文改错 One rainy day while I was walking home with one of my friend, a truck came to a stop besides us. The driver put the window down and offered us the umbrella because he found we were wet through. I stood there and couldn’t believe in that a complete stranger is so thoughtful. The man insisted, so I grateful accepted the offer, thanked him and watched the truck disappear down the road. This man might need the umbrella himself, and he preferred to give it to everyone else. It was a lesson to us that it was possible give without expect anything in return.
I’d like to ask you to write an article for our school’s English newspaper.