The Biggest Stadiums in the World
People have been pouring into stadiums since the days of ancient Greece. In around 8 A.Q., the Romans built the Colosseum, which remains the world's best known stadium are continues to inform contemporary design. Rome’s Colosseum was 157 feet tall and had 80 entrances, seating 50,000 people. However, that was small fry compared with the city’s Circus Maximus, which accommodated around 250,000 people.
These days, safety regulations-not to mention the modern sports fan’s desire for a good view and a comfortable seat-tend to keep stadium capacities（容量）slightly lower. Even soccer fans tend to have a seat each; gone are the days of thousands standing to watch the match.
For the biggest stadiums in the world, we have used data supplied by the World Atlas list so far, which ranks them by their stated permanent capacity, as well as updated information from official stadium websites.
All these stadiums are still functional, still open and still hosting the biggest events in world sport.
•Rungrado 1st of MayStadium, Pyongyang,D.P.R-Korea. Capacity. 150,000. Opened. May 1,1989.
•Michigan Stadium, Ann Arbor, Michigan, U.S. Capacity:107,601. Opened. October 1, 1927.
•Beaver Stadium, State College, Pennsylvania, U.S.Capacity: 106,572. Opened: September 17, I960.
•Ohio Stadium, Columbus, Ohio, U.S. Capacity: 104,944.Opened: October 7, 1922.
•Kyle Field, College Station, Texas, U.S. Capacity:102,512. Opened: September 24,1927.
1.How many people could the Circus Maximus hold?
2.Of the following stadiums, which is the oldest?
3.What do the listed stadiums have in common?
When almost everyone has a mobile phone, why are more than half of Australian homes still paying for a landline (座机)
These days you'd be hard pressed to find anyone in Australia over the age of 15 who doesn’t own a mobile phone. In fact plenty of younger kids have one in their pocket. Practically everyone can make and receive calls anywhere, anytime.
Still, 55 percent of Australians have a landline phone at home and only just over a quarter （29%） rely only on their smartphones, according to a survey （调查）.Of those Australians who still have a landline, a third concede that it's not really necessary and they're keeping it as a security blanket - 19 percent say they never use it while a further 13 percent keep it in case of emergencies. I think my home falls into that category.
More than half of Australian homes are still choosing to stick with their home phone. Age is naturally a factor （因素）-only 58 percent of Generation Ys still use landlines now and then, compared to 84 percent of Baby Boomers who've perhaps had the same home number for 50 years. Age isn't the only factor; I'd say it's also to do with the makeup of your household.
Generation Xers with young families, like my wife and I, can still find it convenient to have a home phone rather than providing a mobile phone for every family member. That said, to be honest the only people who ever ring our home phone are our Baby Boomers parents, to the point where we play a game and guess who is calling before we pick up the phone （using Caller ID would take the fun out of it）.
How attached are you to your landline? How long until they go the way of gas street lamps and morning milk deliveries?
4. What does paragraph 2 mainly tell us about mobile phones?
5. What does the underlined word "concede" in paragraph 3 mean?
6. What can we say about Baby Boomers?
7. What can be inferred about the landline from the last paragraph?
You’ve heard that plastic is polluting the oceans—between 4.8 and 12.7 million tonnes enter ocean ecosystems every year. But does one plastic straw or cup really make a difference? Artist Benjamin Von Wong wants you to know that it does. He builds massive sculptures out of plastic garbage, foreing viewers to re-examine their relationship to single-use plastic products.
At the beginning of the year, the artist built a piece called“Strawpocalypse,” a pair of 10-foot-tall plastic waves, frozen mid-crash. Made of 168,000 plastic straws collected from several volunteer beach cleanups, the sculpture made its first appearance at the Estella Place shopping center in Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam.
Just 9% of global plastic waste is recycled. Plastic straws are by no means the biggest source (来源)of plastic pollution, but they’ve recently come under fire because most people don’t need them to drink with and, because of their small size and weight, they cannot be recycled. Every straw that' s part of Von Wong's artwork likely came from a drink that someone used for only a few minutes. Once the drink is gone, the straw will take centuries to disappear.
In a piece from 2018, Von Wong wanted to illustrate (说明) a specific statistic: Every 60 seconds, a truckload's worth of plastic enters the ocean. For this work, titled "Truckload of Plastic, "Von Wong and a group of volunteers collected more than 10,000 pieces of plastic, which were then tied together to look like they’d been dumped(倾倒)from a truck all at once.
Von Wong hopes that his work will also help pressure big companies to reduce their plastic footprint.
8. What are Von Wong’s artworks intended for?
9. Why does the author discuss plastic straws in paragraph 3?
10. What effect would "Truckload of Plastic" have on viewers?
11. Which of the following can be the best title for the text?
During an interview for one of my books, my interviewer said something I still think about often. Annoyed by the level of distraction(干扰)in his open office, he said, “That’s why I have a membership at the coworking space across the street —so I can focus. "His comment struck me as strange. After all, coworking spaces also typically use an open office layout (布局). But I recently came across a study that shows why his approach works
The researchers examined various levels of noise on participants as they completed tests of creative thinking. They were randomly divided into four groups and exposed to various noise levels in the background, from total silence to 50 decibels(分贝),70 decibels, and 85 decibels. The differences between most of the groups were statistically insignificant; however,the participants in the 70 decibels group—those exposed to a level of noise similar to background chatter in a coffee shop-significantly outperformed the other groups. Since the effects were small, this may suggest that our creative thinking does not differ that much in response to total silence and 85 decibels of background noise.
But since the results at 70 decibels were significant, the study also suggests that the right level of background noise—not too loud and not total silence—may actually improve one’s creative thinking ability. The right level of background noise may interrupt our normal patterns of thinking just enough to allow our imaginations to wander, without making it impossible to focus. This kind of "distracted focus" appears to be the best state for working on creative tasks.
So why do so many of us hate our open offices? The problem may be that, in our offices, we can't stop ourselves from getting drawn into others’ conversations while we’re trying to focus. Indeed, the researchers found that face-to-face interactions and conversations affect the creative process, and yet a coworking space or a coffee shop provides a certain level of noise while also providing freedom from interruptions.
12. Why does the interviewer prefer a coworking space?
13. Which level of background noise may promote creative thinking ability?
14. What makes an open office unwelcome to many people?
15.What can we infer about the author from the text?
According to Jessica Hagy, author of How to Be Interesting, it'snot difficult to make yourself interesting at a dinner party.
___36___,if you're out of your comfort zone or if you're wandering into somebody's housefor the first time. So the main thing is just to show up and be adventurous,trying different foods and talking to strangers.
People love to talk about themselves. If you can start the conversationwith a question other than “What do you do for a living?", you'll be ableto get a lot more interesting conversation out of whomever it is you're talkingto. ____37 ___. it can bring in "I have this old, broken-downvehicle" or "I rode the bus with these crazy people who were laughingat silly jokes in the back." It just opens up conversation.
____38___?If you can't take their wine away, you should certainly try to take away theirsoapbox （讲台）.If you're the host,you can ask them to help you in the kitchen with something and just remove themfrom the situation.___39_____
And what about that other dinner-party killer: awkward silence? Ifyou're faced with an awkward silence at a dinner party, the only thing thatalways gets everyone talking again is to give the host a compliment (赞扬).__40___. Justquickly tun around and say, "This cake is extremely delicious and you haveto tell me all about it.”
So being interesting at a dinner party isn’t that hard.
A. Howdo you know the host
B. Thefirst step is to go exploring
C. Ifyou ask the question "How did you get here?',
D. Beprepared to have awkward conversations with strangers
E. Orturn the conversation into a topic where they have little to say
F. Whatabout that person who has had too much to drink or won't stop talking
G. Heor she is the person who is feeling the weight of that awkwardness the most
Simply saying thank you doesn't seem enough in certain situations.I was considering this while working as a ___41__ Just a few weeks ago. And itcame to me then how much easier it would be if we had a range of words thatexpress different ____42___ of gratitude (感谢).
My thoughts were soon ___43___. We had awoman patient who was ___44____ from a knee replacement operation. Oneafternoon, while __45___to get into bed she collapsed (倒下) from what was ____46_____ discovered to be a heart attack. Thecollapse was disastrous, ___47____ the emergency medical team and goodteamwork. But she recovered, though ___48___ ,and was ready for discharge (出院)after four weeks.
She was __49____ for everything that the medical and nursing teamhad done for her. On her day of discharge, we shared in her ___50____ at herrecovery. As she was ____51___ she was eager to say___52____ to each of us inthe nursing team. When she ___53______ one nurse, she tried to press afive-pound note into her hand. My colleague ____54___ to accept it, saying thatwe were all just ___55___ our job. The patient looked puzzled, andthen____56____: "Oh this isn't for the ___57___ I had. I take that as a____58____. No, this is for setting my hair yesterday.''
And there you have it. To many people, ___59____lives is part ofthe job but styling hair is an ___60____ and should be rewarded.
41. A. cleaner B. chemist C.nurse D.doctor
42. A. grades B. meanings C.needs D.expectations
43. A. brushed aside B. put to the test
C. brought under discussion D.taken into account
44. A. departing B. escaping C.retiring D. recovering
45. A. attempting B. choosing C.pausing D. promising
46. A. eventually B. fortunately C. casually D. secretly
47. A. assessing B. requiring C.forming D. proving
48. A. slightly B. accidentally C.slowly D. happily
49. A. grateful B. thoughtful C.sorrowful D.fearful
50. A. surprise B. delight C.curiosity D.disappointment
51.A. operating B. thinking C.hesitating D. leaving
52.A. sorry B.hello C. goodbye D.yes
53.A. reached B.consulted C. introduced D.persuaded
54.A. wished B. pretended C.failed D. refused
55.A. enjoying B.doing C. securing D.starting
56.A. repeated B.recited C. replied D.reported
57.A. courage B.patience C. duty D. care
58.A. goal B.given C. push D.greeting
59. A. risking B.changing C.saving D. building
60.A.honour B. ability C. opening D.extra
Ecotourism is commonly regarded as low impact (影响)travel to undisturbedplaces. It is different from traditional tourism because it allows the travelerto become 61 (educate) about the areas - both in terms ofgeographical conditions and cultural characteristics, and often provides moneyfor conservation and benefits the 62 (develop) of the local areas.
Ecotourism has 63 (it) origin with the environmental movement ofthe 1970s. It was not widely accepted as a travel concept 64 the late1980s. During that time, increasing environmental awareness made it desirable.
Due to 65 growing popularity of environmentally-related andadventure travel, various types 66 trips are now being classified asecotourism. Actually, a true eco-friendly trip must meet the followingprinciples:
l Minimize the impact of 67 (visit) the place.
l Build respect for and awareness of the environmentand cultural practices.
l Provide 68 (finance) aid and other benefitsfor local peoples.
l Make sure that the tourism provides positiveexperiences for both the visitors and the hosts.
Komodo National Park, officially recognized in 1980, is popular forecotourism because of its unique biodiversity. 69 (activity) there range from whalewatching to hiking (远足) and accommodations aim 70(have) a low impact on the natural environment.
I love doing housework. I always assist my parents in doing the dish after meals. I also water the flowers in the yard and tidying up my own bedroom whatever necessary. In my opinion, students can benefit a lot doing some housework. Firstly, doing housework was helpful for us to be a responsible person. Also, it gives our parents more time to do what they are like and it improves the family relationship. What's most, doing housework can be a form of mentally relaxation from study. That’s our view on housework. And hopes this can inspire more thinking on the topic!