• 英语 2018年高三湖南省第二次模拟试题
单选题 本大题共15小题,每小题2分,共30分。在每小题给出的4个选项中,有且只有一项是符合题目要求。
1

阅读理解(每题2分,共30分)

    阅读下面的文章,从每题后面所给的四个选项中选出正确的一项。

                                A

             CAREER DISCOVERY DAY

Ages:11-17, with an adult chaperone(监护人).

Purpose: To find out what it is like to work at a zoo.

Descriptions:

    Join us for a great program for middle and high school students to explore 

    animal-related careers at Denver Zoo.

    From keepers to trainers, vets and exhibits designers, different kinds of possible zoo and animal careers will be explored during our Career Discovery Day this fall. The program starts with an amazing gathering in which our animal stars will appear and perform. Participants(参与者) will attend lectures given by professors of the zoo and take part in special tours filled with activities and information. And you’ll have time to ask questions about what it takes to work on the wild side.

Registration(注册) required:

    Registration closes at 10 am, September 16th. Lectures and tours are limited to registered participants and their one chaperone only.

Cost:

    Members: $70 per person. Nonmembers: $75 per person. The cost includes zoo admission for one participant and one required adult chaperone.

Note:

    Participants will not be admitted without an adult chaperone and chaperones must stay with participants during the period of the event.

    If you have any questions, please call at 720-337-1491 or e-mail at teenprogramsdenverzoo.org.

Who would most probably be interested in Career Discovery Day?

AKids who love animals.

BAdults who are looking for a job.

CChildren who like animal performances.

DTeenagers who want to learn about jobs at a zoo.

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                                A

             CAREER DISCOVERY DAY

Ages:11-17, with an adult chaperone(监护人).

Purpose: To find out what it is like to work at a zoo.

Descriptions:

    Join us for a great program for middle and high school students to explore 

    animal-related careers at Denver Zoo.

    From keepers to trainers, vets and exhibits designers, different kinds of possible zoo and animal careers will be explored during our Career Discovery Day this fall. The program starts with an amazing gathering in which our animal stars will appear and perform. Participants(参与者) will attend lectures given by professors of the zoo and take part in special tours filled with activities and information. And you’ll have time to ask questions about what it takes to work on the wild side.

Registration(注册) required:

    Registration closes at 10 am, September 16th. Lectures and tours are limited to registered participants and their one chaperone only.

Cost:

    Members: $70 per person. Nonmembers: $75 per person. The cost includes zoo admission for one participant and one required adult chaperone.

Note:

    Participants will not be admitted without an adult chaperone and chaperones must stay with participants during the period of the event.

    If you have any questions, please call at 720-337-1491 or e-mail at teenprogramsdenverzoo.org.

How much should two members and their mothers pay to register for the program?

A$70.

B$140.

C$150.

D$290.

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1

                                A

             CAREER DISCOVERY DAY

Ages:11-17, with an adult chaperone(监护人).

Purpose: To find out what it is like to work at a zoo.

Descriptions:

    Join us for a great program for middle and high school students to explore 

    animal-related careers at Denver Zoo.

    From keepers to trainers, vets and exhibits designers, different kinds of possible zoo and animal careers will be explored during our Career Discovery Day this fall. The program starts with an amazing gathering in which our animal stars will appear and perform. Participants(参与者) will attend lectures given by professors of the zoo and take part in special tours filled with activities and information. And you’ll have time to ask questions about what it takes to work on the wild side.

Registration(注册) required:

    Registration closes at 10 am, September 16th. Lectures and tours are limited to registered participants and their one chaperone only.

Cost:

    Members: $70 per person. Nonmembers: $75 per person. The cost includes zoo admission for one participant and one required adult chaperone.

Note:

    Participants will not be admitted without an adult chaperone and chaperones must stay with participants during the period of the event.

    If you have any questions, please call at 720-337-1491 or e-mail at teenprogramsdenverzoo.org.

After an adult chaperone enters the zoo, he/she ________.

Ahas to pay extra fees

Bcan go wherever he/she likes

Cis not allowed to attend lectures

Dmust stay with his/her child all the time

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1

                                A

             CAREER DISCOVERY DAY

Ages:11-17, with an adult chaperone(监护人).

Purpose: To find out what it is like to work at a zoo.

Descriptions:

    Join us for a great program for middle and high school students to explore 

    animal-related careers at Denver Zoo.

    From keepers to trainers, vets and exhibits designers, different kinds of possible zoo and animal careers will be explored during our Career Discovery Day this fall. The program starts with an amazing gathering in which our animal stars will appear and perform. Participants(参与者) will attend lectures given by professors of the zoo and take part in special tours filled with activities and information. And you’ll have time to ask questions about what it takes to work on the wild side.

Registration(注册) required:

    Registration closes at 10 am, September 16th. Lectures and tours are limited to registered participants and their one chaperone only.

Cost:

    Members: $70 per person. Nonmembers: $75 per person. The cost includes zoo admission for one participant and one required adult chaperone.

Note:

    Participants will not be admitted without an adult chaperone and chaperones must stay with participants during the period of the event.

    If you have any questions, please call at 720-337-1491 or e-mail at teenprogramsdenverzoo.org.

The text is meant to ________.

Aattract visitors to Denver Zoo

Btell kids how to have fun in fall

Cadvertise an activity at Denver Zoo

Dencourage people to work at zoos

分值: 2分 查看题目解析 >
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                                B

    This is VOA. The National Cryptologic Museum is on Fort George G. Meade, a military base near Washington, DC. The method of hiding exact meanings is called coding. People have used secret codes throughout history to protect important information. The National Cryptologic Museum celebrated 60 years of cryptologic excellence in 2012. One event there marked the sixtieth anniversary of the National Security Agency. Two former NSA workers shared their memories of operating a code machine called Sigaba.

    In 1940, an American woman named Genevieve Grotjan found some information being repeated in Japanese coded messages. Her discovery helped the United States understand secret Japanese diplomatic messages. After the United States understood the code, it was possible to study messages from the Japanese ambassador to Germany and to his supervisors in Japan.

    Understanding these messages helped the United States prepare for a possible war in the Pacific with Japan. After the attack on Pearl Harbor, an American Naval officer named Joseph Rochefort struggled to understand the Japanese navy code. He worked on the American base at Pearl Harbor. It was early in 1942. The American naval commander in the Pacific Ocean was Chester Nimitz. His forces were much smaller than the Japanese Naval forces. And the Japanese had been winning many victories. Joseph Rochefort had worked for several months to read the secret Japanese Naval code called JN-25. If he could understand enough of the code, he would be able to give Admiral Nimitz very valuable information.

    From the beginning of 1942, the Japanese code discussed a place called "AF." Joseph Rochefort felt the Japanese were planning an important battle aimed at "AF." After several weeks, he and other naval experts told Admiral Nimitz that their best idea was that the "AF" in the Japanese code was the American-held island of Midway. Admiral Nimitz said he must have more information to prepare for such an attack.

    The Navy experts decided to trick Japan. They told the American military force on Midway to broadcast a false message. The message would say the island was having problems with its water-processing equipment. The message asked that fresh water be sent to the island immediately. This message was not sent in code.

    Several days later, a Japanese radio broadcast in the JN-25 code said that "AF" had little water. Joseph Rochefort had the evidence he needed. "AF" was now known to be the island of Midway. He also told Admiral Nimitz the Japanese would attack Midway on June 13.The battle that followed was a huge American victory.  That victory was possible because Joseph Rochefort learned to read enough of the Japanese code to discover the meaning of the letters "AF."

    One American code has never been broken. Perhaps it never will. It was used in the Pacific during World War Two. For many years the government would not discuss this secret code. Listen for a moment to this very unusual code. Then you may understand why the Japanese military forces were never able to understand any of it.

=The code is in the voice of a Native American. The man you just heard is singing a simple song in the Navajo language. Very few people outside the Navajo nation are able to speak any of their very difficult language.

    At the beginning of World War Two, the United States Marine Corps asked members of the Navajo tribe to train as Code Talkers.

    The Cryptologic Museum says the Marine Corps Code Talkers could take a sentence in English and change it into their language in about 20 seconds. A code machine needed about 30 minutes to do the same work.

    The Navajo Code Talkers took part in every battle the Marines entered in the Pacific during World War Two. The Japanese were very skilled at breaking codes. But they were never able to understand any of what they called "The Marine Code."

    The Cryptologic Museum has many pieces of mechanical and electric equipment used to change words into code. It also has almost as many examples of machines used to try to change code back into useful words.

The NSA was founded  ________.

Ain 1940

B1942

Cin 1952

Din 2012

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                                B

    This is VOA. The National Cryptologic Museum is on Fort George G. Meade, a military base near Washington, DC. The method of hiding exact meanings is called coding. People have used secret codes throughout history to protect important information. The National Cryptologic Museum celebrated 60 years of cryptologic excellence in 2012. One event there marked the sixtieth anniversary of the National Security Agency. Two former NSA workers shared their memories of operating a code machine called Sigaba.

    In 1940, an American woman named Genevieve Grotjan found some information being repeated in Japanese coded messages. Her discovery helped the United States understand secret Japanese diplomatic messages. After the United States understood the code, it was possible to study messages from the Japanese ambassador to Germany and to his supervisors in Japan.

    Understanding these messages helped the United States prepare for a possible war in the Pacific with Japan. After the attack on Pearl Harbor, an American Naval officer named Joseph Rochefort struggled to understand the Japanese navy code. He worked on the American base at Pearl Harbor. It was early in 1942. The American naval commander in the Pacific Ocean was Chester Nimitz. His forces were much smaller than the Japanese Naval forces. And the Japanese had been winning many victories. Joseph Rochefort had worked for several months to read the secret Japanese Naval code called JN-25. If he could understand enough of the code, he would be able to give Admiral Nimitz very valuable information.

    From the beginning of 1942, the Japanese code discussed a place called "AF." Joseph Rochefort felt the Japanese were planning an important battle aimed at "AF." After several weeks, he and other naval experts told Admiral Nimitz that their best idea was that the "AF" in the Japanese code was the American-held island of Midway. Admiral Nimitz said he must have more information to prepare for such an attack.

    The Navy experts decided to trick Japan. They told the American military force on Midway to broadcast a false message. The message would say the island was having problems with its water-processing equipment. The message asked that fresh water be sent to the island immediately. This message was not sent in code.

    Several days later, a Japanese radio broadcast in the JN-25 code said that "AF" had little water. Joseph Rochefort had the evidence he needed. "AF" was now known to be the island of Midway. He also told Admiral Nimitz the Japanese would attack Midway on June 13.The battle that followed was a huge American victory.  That victory was possible because Joseph Rochefort learned to read enough of the Japanese code to discover the meaning of the letters "AF."

    One American code has never been broken. Perhaps it never will. It was used in the Pacific during World War Two. For many years the government would not discuss this secret code. Listen for a moment to this very unusual code. Then you may understand why the Japanese military forces were never able to understand any of it.

=The code is in the voice of a Native American. The man you just heard is singing a simple song in the Navajo language. Very few people outside the Navajo nation are able to speak any of their very difficult language.

    At the beginning of World War Two, the United States Marine Corps asked members of the Navajo tribe to train as Code Talkers.

    The Cryptologic Museum says the Marine Corps Code Talkers could take a sentence in English and change it into their language in about 20 seconds. A code machine needed about 30 minutes to do the same work.

    The Navajo Code Talkers took part in every battle the Marines entered in the Pacific during World War Two. The Japanese were very skilled at breaking codes. But they were never able to understand any of what they called "The Marine Code."

    The Cryptologic Museum has many pieces of mechanical and electric equipment used to change words into code. It also has almost as many examples of machines used to try to change code back into useful words.

According to the passage, which one is not right?

A“Cryptologic” implies containing some hidden information

BThe US decoded “AF” and won the victory in Midway Islands

CBoth Rchefort and Nimitz were American navy commanders

DThe US Marine Corps was fallen for in Midway Islands battle

分值: 2分 查看题目解析 >
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                                B

    This is VOA. The National Cryptologic Museum is on Fort George G. Meade, a military base near Washington, DC. The method of hiding exact meanings is called coding. People have used secret codes throughout history to protect important information. The National Cryptologic Museum celebrated 60 years of cryptologic excellence in 2012. One event there marked the sixtieth anniversary of the National Security Agency. Two former NSA workers shared their memories of operating a code machine called Sigaba.

    In 1940, an American woman named Genevieve Grotjan found some information being repeated in Japanese coded messages. Her discovery helped the United States understand secret Japanese diplomatic messages. After the United States understood the code, it was possible to study messages from the Japanese ambassador to Germany and to his supervisors in Japan.

    Understanding these messages helped the United States prepare for a possible war in the Pacific with Japan. After the attack on Pearl Harbor, an American Naval officer named Joseph Rochefort struggled to understand the Japanese navy code. He worked on the American base at Pearl Harbor. It was early in 1942. The American naval commander in the Pacific Ocean was Chester Nimitz. His forces were much smaller than the Japanese Naval forces. And the Japanese had been winning many victories. Joseph Rochefort had worked for several months to read the secret Japanese Naval code called JN-25. If he could understand enough of the code, he would be able to give Admiral Nimitz very valuable information.

    From the beginning of 1942, the Japanese code discussed a place called "AF." Joseph Rochefort felt the Japanese were planning an important battle aimed at "AF." After several weeks, he and other naval experts told Admiral Nimitz that their best idea was that the "AF" in the Japanese code was the American-held island of Midway. Admiral Nimitz said he must have more information to prepare for such an attack.

    The Navy experts decided to trick Japan. They told the American military force on Midway to broadcast a false message. The message would say the island was having problems with its water-processing equipment. The message asked that fresh water be sent to the island immediately. This message was not sent in code.

    Several days later, a Japanese radio broadcast in the JN-25 code said that "AF" had little water. Joseph Rochefort had the evidence he needed. "AF" was now known to be the island of Midway. He also told Admiral Nimitz the Japanese would attack Midway on June 13.The battle that followed was a huge American victory.  That victory was possible because Joseph Rochefort learned to read enough of the Japanese code to discover the meaning of the letters "AF."

    One American code has never been broken. Perhaps it never will. It was used in the Pacific during World War Two. For many years the government would not discuss this secret code. Listen for a moment to this very unusual code. Then you may understand why the Japanese military forces were never able to understand any of it.

=The code is in the voice of a Native American. The man you just heard is singing a simple song in the Navajo language. Very few people outside the Navajo nation are able to speak any of their very difficult language.

    At the beginning of World War Two, the United States Marine Corps asked members of the Navajo tribe to train as Code Talkers.

    The Cryptologic Museum says the Marine Corps Code Talkers could take a sentence in English and change it into their language in about 20 seconds. A code machine needed about 30 minutes to do the same work.

    The Navajo Code Talkers took part in every battle the Marines entered in the Pacific during World War Two. The Japanese were very skilled at breaking codes. But they were never able to understand any of what they called "The Marine Code."

    The Cryptologic Museum has many pieces of mechanical and electric equipment used to change words into code. It also has almost as many examples of machines used to try to change code back into useful words.

The Americans used the Navajo language in their coding system during the Second World War for the reason that      .

Aunusual language was successfully used for codes

Bit was commonly used in coding system worldwide

Cthe United States Marine Corps invented it then

Dit was the most beautiful language in the world

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                                C

    Sleep deprivation(缺失)is an important hidden factor in lowering the achievement of school pupils, according to researchers carrying out international education tests.

    It is a particular problem in richer countries with sleep experts linking it to the use of mobile phones and computers in bedroom late at night. Sleep deprivation is such a serious problem that lessons have to be dragged down to a lower level to suit sleep-deprived learners, the study found. The international comparison, carried out by Boston College, found the United States to have the highest number of sleep-deprived students, with 73% of 9- and 10-year-olds and 80% of 13- and 14-year-olds identified by their teachers as being negatively affected.

    In literacy(读写能力) tests there were 76% of 9- and 10-year-olds lacking sleep. This was much higher than the international average of 47% of primary pupils needing more sleep and 57% among the secondary age group.

    Other countries with the most sleep-deprived youngsters were New Zealand, Saudi Arabia, Australia, England, Ireland and France. High-performing Finland is also among the most lacking in sleep. Countries with the best records for getting enough sleep include Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, Portugal, the Czech Republic, Japan and Malta.

    The analysis was part of the huge date-gathering process for global education rankings, the Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study (TIMSS) and Progress in International Reading Literacy Study(PIRLS)

    “I think we underestimate the impact of sleep. Our data show that across countries internationally, on average, children who have more sleep achieve higher in maths, science and reading. That is exactly what our data show,” says Chad Minnich of the TIMSS and PIRLS International Study Center.

    “It’s the same link for children who are lacking basic nutrition,” says Mr Minnich, based at the Lynch School of Education, Boston College. “If you are unable to concentrate, to attend mentally, you are unable to achieve at your best level, because your mind and body are in need of something more basic. Sleep is a fundamental need for all children. If teachers report such large proportions of children suffering from lack of sleep, it’s having a significant impact. But worse than that, teachers are having to adjust their instruction based on those children who are suffering from a lack of sleep. The children who are suffering from a lack of sleep are driving down instruction.”

    That means that even the children who are getting enough sleep are still suffering from this sleep-related lowering.

What did the researchers of Boston College try to find?

AWhy children don’t get enough sleep

BHow many hours children sleep every night

CThe relationship between sleep and test results

DThe relationship between sleep and health

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                                C

    Sleep deprivation(缺失)is an important hidden factor in lowering the achievement of school pupils, according to researchers carrying out international education tests.

    It is a particular problem in richer countries with sleep experts linking it to the use of mobile phones and computers in bedroom late at night. Sleep deprivation is such a serious problem that lessons have to be dragged down to a lower level to suit sleep-deprived learners, the study found. The international comparison, carried out by Boston College, found the United States to have the highest number of sleep-deprived students, with 73% of 9- and 10-year-olds and 80% of 13- and 14-year-olds identified by their teachers as being negatively affected.

    In literacy(读写能力) tests there were 76% of 9- and 10-year-olds lacking sleep. This was much higher than the international average of 47% of primary pupils needing more sleep and 57% among the secondary age group.

    Other countries with the most sleep-deprived youngsters were New Zealand, Saudi Arabia, Australia, England, Ireland and France. High-performing Finland is also among the most lacking in sleep. Countries with the best records for getting enough sleep include Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, Portugal, the Czech Republic, Japan and Malta.

    The analysis was part of the huge date-gathering process for global education rankings, the Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study (TIMSS) and Progress in International Reading Literacy Study(PIRLS)

    “I think we underestimate the impact of sleep. Our data show that across countries internationally, on average, children who have more sleep achieve higher in maths, science and reading. That is exactly what our data show,” says Chad Minnich of the TIMSS and PIRLS International Study Center.

    “It’s the same link for children who are lacking basic nutrition,” says Mr Minnich, based at the Lynch School of Education, Boston College. “If you are unable to concentrate, to attend mentally, you are unable to achieve at your best level, because your mind and body are in need of something more basic. Sleep is a fundamental need for all children. If teachers report such large proportions of children suffering from lack of sleep, it’s having a significant impact. But worse than that, teachers are having to adjust their instruction based on those children who are suffering from a lack of sleep. The children who are suffering from a lack of sleep are driving down instruction.”

    That means that even the children who are getting enough sleep are still suffering from this sleep-related lowering.

Many children suffer from sleep deprivation because _________.

Athey sit in front of the TV for too long

Bthey can hardly sleep soundly and deeply

Ctheir homework occupies too much of their time

Dmodern technological devices consume a lot of their time

分值: 2分 查看题目解析 >
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                                C

    Sleep deprivation(缺失)is an important hidden factor in lowering the achievement of school pupils, according to researchers carrying out international education tests.

    It is a particular problem in richer countries with sleep experts linking it to the use of mobile phones and computers in bedroom late at night. Sleep deprivation is such a serious problem that lessons have to be dragged down to a lower level to suit sleep-deprived learners, the study found. The international comparison, carried out by Boston College, found the United States to have the highest number of sleep-deprived students, with 73% of 9- and 10-year-olds and 80% of 13- and 14-year-olds identified by their teachers as being negatively affected.

    In literacy(读写能力) tests there were 76% of 9- and 10-year-olds lacking sleep. This was much higher than the international average of 47% of primary pupils needing more sleep and 57% among the secondary age group.

    Other countries with the most sleep-deprived youngsters were New Zealand, Saudi Arabia, Australia, England, Ireland and France. High-performing Finland is also among the most lacking in sleep. Countries with the best records for getting enough sleep include Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, Portugal, the Czech Republic, Japan and Malta.

    The analysis was part of the huge date-gathering process for global education rankings, the Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study (TIMSS) and Progress in International Reading Literacy Study(PIRLS)

    “I think we underestimate the impact of sleep. Our data show that across countries internationally, on average, children who have more sleep achieve higher in maths, science and reading. That is exactly what our data show,” says Chad Minnich of the TIMSS and PIRLS International Study Center.

    “It’s the same link for children who are lacking basic nutrition,” says Mr Minnich, based at the Lynch School of Education, Boston College. “If you are unable to concentrate, to attend mentally, you are unable to achieve at your best level, because your mind and body are in need of something more basic. Sleep is a fundamental need for all children. If teachers report such large proportions of children suffering from lack of sleep, it’s having a significant impact. But worse than that, teachers are having to adjust their instruction based on those children who are suffering from a lack of sleep. The children who are suffering from a lack of sleep are driving down instruction.”

    That means that even the children who are getting enough sleep are still suffering from this sleep-related lowering.

Which of the following countries has the most sleep-deprived students?

AJapan

BMalta

CFinland

DPortugal

分值: 2分 查看题目解析 >
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                                C

    Sleep deprivation(缺失)is an important hidden factor in lowering the achievement of school pupils, according to researchers carrying out international education tests.

    It is a particular problem in richer countries with sleep experts linking it to the use of mobile phones and computers in bedroom late at night. Sleep deprivation is such a serious problem that lessons have to be dragged down to a lower level to suit sleep-deprived learners, the study found. The international comparison, carried out by Boston College, found the United States to have the highest number of sleep-deprived students, with 73% of 9- and 10-year-olds and 80% of 13- and 14-year-olds identified by their teachers as being negatively affected.

    In literacy(读写能力) tests there were 76% of 9- and 10-year-olds lacking sleep. This was much higher than the international average of 47% of primary pupils needing more sleep and 57% among the secondary age group.

    Other countries with the most sleep-deprived youngsters were New Zealand, Saudi Arabia, Australia, England, Ireland and France. High-performing Finland is also among the most lacking in sleep. Countries with the best records for getting enough sleep include Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, Portugal, the Czech Republic, Japan and Malta.

    The analysis was part of the huge date-gathering process for global education rankings, the Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study (TIMSS) and Progress in International Reading Literacy Study(PIRLS)

    “I think we underestimate the impact of sleep. Our data show that across countries internationally, on average, children who have more sleep achieve higher in maths, science and reading. That is exactly what our data show,” says Chad Minnich of the TIMSS and PIRLS International Study Center.

    “It’s the same link for children who are lacking basic nutrition,” says Mr Minnich, based at the Lynch School of Education, Boston College. “If you are unable to concentrate, to attend mentally, you are unable to achieve at your best level, because your mind and body are in need of something more basic. Sleep is a fundamental need for all children. If teachers report such large proportions of children suffering from lack of sleep, it’s having a significant impact. But worse than that, teachers are having to adjust their instruction based on those children who are suffering from a lack of sleep. The children who are suffering from a lack of sleep are driving down instruction.”

    That means that even the children who are getting enough sleep are still suffering from this sleep-related lowering.

Why are children who get enough sleep also victims?

ABecause they are disturbed by sleep-deprived students

BBecause teaching is driven down by sleep-deprived students

CBecause they have to spend time helping sleep-deprived students

DBecause the teachers waste time disciplining sleep-deprived students

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                                D

    The slavery drama "12 Years a Slave” won the Academy Award for best picture on Sunday, making history as the first movie from a black director to win the film industry’s highest honor in 86 years of the Oscars. British director Steve McQueen’s brave portrayal of pre-Civil War American slavery won two other Oscars, including best supporting actress for newcomer Lupita Nyong’o and best adapted screenplay based on the memoir of Solomon Northup, a free man tricked and sold into slavery in Louisiana. “Everyone deserves not just to survive but to live. This is the most important legacy of Solomon Northup,” said McQueen in his acceptance speech.

    “12 Years a Slave” was better over space thriller “Gravity” from Mexican filmmaker Alfonso Cuaron, which nevertheless got the most Oscars of the night with seven, including the best director honor for Cuaron, a first for a Latin American director.The film starring Sandra Bullock as an astronaut lost in space swept the technical awards like visual effects and cinematography, a reward for its groundbreaking work on conveying space and weightlessness. Referring to the “transformative” experience he and others undertook in the four-plus years spent making “Gravity”, Cuaron, whose hair is graying, said, “For a lot of these people, that transformation was wisdom. For me, it was just the color1 of my hair.” In one of the strongest years for film in recent memory, the 6,000-plus voters of the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences scattered golden Oscar statuettes among the many acclaimed movies in contention.

    It was a good night for the scrappy, low-budget film “Dallas Buyers Club”, directed by Jean-Marc Vallee, a biopic of an early AIDS activist two decades in the making that won three Oscars, including the two male acting awards.

    Matthew McConaughey, in a validation of a remarkable career turnaround, won best actor for his portrayal of the homophobe who turned AIDS victim and then turned treatment crusader Ron Woodroof, a role for which he lost 50 pounds (23 kg). His co-star, Jared Leto, won best supporting actor for his role as Woodroof’s unlikely business partner, the transgender woman Rayon, for which he also slimmed down drastically.

    Australia’s Cate Blanchett won the best actress Oscar for her acclaimed role as the socialite unhinged by her husband’s financial crimes in Woody Allen’s “Blue Jasmine.” “As random and subjective as this award is, it means a great deal in a year of, yet again, extraordinary performances by women,” said Blanchett, who beat out previous Oscar winners Bullock, Amy Adams, Judi Dench and Meryl Streep.

The film which won the largest number of Oscar awards this year is ______.

A12 Years a Slave

BGravity

CDallas Buyers Club

DBlue Jasmine

分值: 2分 查看题目解析 >
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                                D

    The slavery drama "12 Years a Slave” won the Academy Award for best picture on Sunday, making history as the first movie from a black director to win the film industry’s highest honor in 86 years of the Oscars. British director Steve McQueen’s brave portrayal of pre-Civil War American slavery won two other Oscars, including best supporting actress for newcomer Lupita Nyong’o and best adapted screenplay based on the memoir of Solomon Northup, a free man tricked and sold into slavery in Louisiana. “Everyone deserves not just to survive but to live. This is the most important legacy of Solomon Northup,” said McQueen in his acceptance speech.

    “12 Years a Slave” was better over space thriller “Gravity” from Mexican filmmaker Alfonso Cuaron, which nevertheless got the most Oscars of the night with seven, including the best director honor for Cuaron, a first for a Latin American director.The film starring Sandra Bullock as an astronaut lost in space swept the technical awards like visual effects and cinematography, a reward for its groundbreaking work on conveying space and weightlessness. Referring to the “transformative” experience he and others undertook in the four-plus years spent making “Gravity”, Cuaron, whose hair is graying, said, “For a lot of these people, that transformation was wisdom. For me, it was just the color1 of my hair.” In one of the strongest years for film in recent memory, the 6,000-plus voters of the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences scattered golden Oscar statuettes among the many acclaimed movies in contention.

    It was a good night for the scrappy, low-budget film “Dallas Buyers Club”, directed by Jean-Marc Vallee, a biopic of an early AIDS activist two decades in the making that won three Oscars, including the two male acting awards.

    Matthew McConaughey, in a validation of a remarkable career turnaround, won best actor for his portrayal of the homophobe who turned AIDS victim and then turned treatment crusader Ron Woodroof, a role for which he lost 50 pounds (23 kg). His co-star, Jared Leto, won best supporting actor for his role as Woodroof’s unlikely business partner, the transgender woman Rayon, for which he also slimmed down drastically.

    Australia’s Cate Blanchett won the best actress Oscar for her acclaimed role as the socialite unhinged by her husband’s financial crimes in Woody Allen’s “Blue Jasmine.” “As random and subjective as this award is, it means a great deal in a year of, yet again, extraordinary performances by women,” said Blanchett, who beat out previous Oscar winners Bullock, Amy Adams, Judi Dench and Meryl Streep.

Which director spent the least money in making the film?

ASteve McQueen.

BAlfonso Cuaron.

CJean-Marc Vallee.

DWoody Allen.

分值: 2分 查看题目解析 >
1

                                D

    The slavery drama "12 Years a Slave” won the Academy Award for best picture on Sunday, making history as the first movie from a black director to win the film industry’s highest honor in 86 years of the Oscars. British director Steve McQueen’s brave portrayal of pre-Civil War American slavery won two other Oscars, including best supporting actress for newcomer Lupita Nyong’o and best adapted screenplay based on the memoir of Solomon Northup, a free man tricked and sold into slavery in Louisiana. “Everyone deserves not just to survive but to live. This is the most important legacy of Solomon Northup,” said McQueen in his acceptance speech.

    “12 Years a Slave” was better over space thriller “Gravity” from Mexican filmmaker Alfonso Cuaron, which nevertheless got the most Oscars of the night with seven, including the best director honor for Cuaron, a first for a Latin American director.The film starring Sandra Bullock as an astronaut lost in space swept the technical awards like visual effects and cinematography, a reward for its groundbreaking work on conveying space and weightlessness. Referring to the “transformative” experience he and others undertook in the four-plus years spent making “Gravity”, Cuaron, whose hair is graying, said, “For a lot of these people, that transformation was wisdom. For me, it was just the color1 of my hair.” In one of the strongest years for film in recent memory, the 6,000-plus voters of the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences scattered golden Oscar statuettes among the many acclaimed movies in contention.

    It was a good night for the scrappy, low-budget film “Dallas Buyers Club”, directed by Jean-Marc Vallee, a biopic of an early AIDS activist two decades in the making that won three Oscars, including the two male acting awards.

    Matthew McConaughey, in a validation of a remarkable career turnaround, won best actor for his portrayal of the homophobe who turned AIDS victim and then turned treatment crusader Ron Woodroof, a role for which he lost 50 pounds (23 kg). His co-star, Jared Leto, won best supporting actor for his role as Woodroof’s unlikely business partner, the transgender woman Rayon, for which he also slimmed down drastically.

    Australia’s Cate Blanchett won the best actress Oscar for her acclaimed role as the socialite unhinged by her husband’s financial crimes in Woody Allen’s “Blue Jasmine.” “As random and subjective as this award is, it means a great deal in a year of, yet again, extraordinary performances by women,” said Blanchett, who beat out previous Oscar winners Bullock, Amy Adams, Judi Dench and Meryl Streep.

How many Oscar best actresses are mentioned in this passage?

AOne.

BThree.

CFive.

DSix.

分值: 2分 查看题目解析 >
1

                                D

    The slavery drama "12 Years a Slave” won the Academy Award for best picture on Sunday, making history as the first movie from a black director to win the film industry’s highest honor in 86 years of the Oscars. British director Steve McQueen’s brave portrayal of pre-Civil War American slavery won two other Oscars, including best supporting actress for newcomer Lupita Nyong’o and best adapted screenplay based on the memoir of Solomon Northup, a free man tricked and sold into slavery in Louisiana. “Everyone deserves not just to survive but to live. This is the most important legacy of Solomon Northup,” said McQueen in his acceptance speech.

    “12 Years a Slave” was better over space thriller “Gravity” from Mexican filmmaker Alfonso Cuaron, which nevertheless got the most Oscars of the night with seven, including the best director honor for Cuaron, a first for a Latin American director.The film starring Sandra Bullock as an astronaut lost in space swept the technical awards like visual effects and cinematography, a reward for its groundbreaking work on conveying space and weightlessness. Referring to the “transformative” experience he and others undertook in the four-plus years spent making “Gravity”, Cuaron, whose hair is graying, said, “For a lot of these people, that transformation was wisdom. For me, it was just the color1 of my hair.” In one of the strongest years for film in recent memory, the 6,000-plus voters of the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences scattered golden Oscar statuettes among the many acclaimed movies in contention.

    It was a good night for the scrappy, low-budget film “Dallas Buyers Club”, directed by Jean-Marc Vallee, a biopic of an early AIDS activist two decades in the making that won three Oscars, including the two male acting awards.

    Matthew McConaughey, in a validation of a remarkable career turnaround, won best actor for his portrayal of the homophobe who turned AIDS victim and then turned treatment crusader Ron Woodroof, a role for which he lost 50 pounds (23 kg). His co-star, Jared Leto, won best supporting actor for his role as Woodroof’s unlikely business partner, the transgender woman Rayon, for which he also slimmed down drastically.

    Australia’s Cate Blanchett won the best actress Oscar for her acclaimed role as the socialite unhinged by her husband’s financial crimes in Woody Allen’s “Blue Jasmine.” “As random and subjective as this award is, it means a great deal in a year of, yet again, extraordinary performances by women,” said Blanchett, who beat out previous Oscar winners Bullock, Amy Adams, Judi Dench and Meryl Streep.

Which of the following statements is WRONG?

A12 Years a Slave won two Oscar awards altogether.

BThe director of Gravity is from Latin America.

CThe character Rayon is played by Jared Leto.

DThe woman film star Cate Blanchett comes from Oceania.

分值: 2分 查看题目解析 >
填空题 本大题共5小题,每小题10分,共50分。把答案填写在题中横线上。
1

第二部分(每题2分,共10分)

    根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项,选项中有两项为多余选项。

    Sleep is something we all do. But some people need to sleep more than others. Babies sleep most of the time. Children in school sleep about ten to twelve hours a night. Most adults sleep only seven or eight hours. ___36___

    All parts of our bodies have to rest after they work.. Our arms need a rest after we lift heavy thing, When we run fast, our legs work hard. They get tired. We have to rest them. Our brains work hard, too.  ___37___. We can sit quite still and rest our arms and legs. But our brains aren’t resting. They go right on thinking as long as we are awake.

    Our brains slow down a bit when we sleep and dream. ___38___ Instead of thinking wide-awake thoughts, our brains make up dreams. Some dreams are very pleasing. Some are not. Most of the time we forget them when we wake up.

    Scientists have tried to find out what would happen if people were not allowed to sleep. They asked some people not to go to bed. The people stayed up all night and all the next day. They stayed up the next night too, and the day after. They played games, but they made mistakes. They forgot things. ___39___

    The people grew rude and mean. They became angry with their friends. Finally they were too tired to stand up. When they sat down, they fell asleep.

    Scientists have found that if people are not allowed to sleep and to dream, they act in an unusual way. ___40___ But we do know that we need it to stay well. So tonight have a good sleep. Lie down under the covers. Shut your eyes. Let your thoughts wander. Soon you’ll stop thinking. You’ll be asleep.

    A. It was hard for their tired brains to work.

    B. When we are awake, they help us pay attention to the world around us.

    C. But babies, children, and adults ---- all of us need to have our sleep.

    D. Good sleep helps to improve one’s memory.

    E. No one knows why sleep is so good for us.

    F. But even as we sleep our brains are doing some work.

    G. Of course you will have a good sleep.

分值: 10分 查看题目解析 >
1

完形填空(每题1.5分,共30分)

    阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的四个选项(A、B、C和D)中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。

    One day a man was asked to paint a boat by the owner of the boat. He brought with him paint and ___41___ and began to paint the boat bright red, as the owner asked him. While painting, he ___42___ there was a hole in the boat and decided to ___43___ it. When he finished painting, he received his ___44___ and left.

    The next day, the owner of the boat came to the painter and ___45___ him with a nice check, much ___46___ than the payment for painting. The painter was ___47___. “You’ ve already paid me for painting the boat!” he said.

    “But this is not for the paint ___48___. It’s for having repaired the hole in the boat.”

    “But it was such a(n)___49___ service. Certainly it’s not worth ___50___ me such a high amount for something so unimportant!”

    “My dear friend, you do not ___51___. Now let me tell you what ___52___. When I asked you to paint the boat, I ___53___ to mention about the hole. When the boat dried, my kids took the boat and ___54___ a fishing trip. They did not know that there was a ___55___ in the boat. I was not at home at that time. When I returned and noticed they had taken the boat, I was ___56___ because I remembered that the boat had a hole. Imagine my ___57___ and joy when I saw them returning from fishing.

    “Then, I ___58___ the boat and found that you had repaired the hole! You see, now, what you did? You ___59___ my children! I do not have enough money to pay your ‘small’ good deed.”

    So, no mailer who, when or how, just ___60___ repair all the “leaks” you find.

41.

    A. chains 

    B. brushes 

    C. beliefs 

    D. pens

42.

    A. consulted 

    B. reminded 

    C. round  

    D. confirmed

43.

    A. repair 

    B. wipe  

    C. hide 

    D. measure

44.

    A. benefit 

    B. baggage

    C. key 

    D. money

45.

    A. admired 

    B. treated 

    C. presented 

    D. comforted

46.

    A. higher 

    B. less

    C. quicker 

    D. wealthier

47.

    A. shocked

    B. excited

    C. moved 

    D. surprised

48.

    A. award

    B. kindness 

    C. job 

    D. skill

49.

    A. cheap 

    B. small 

    C. valuable 

    D. additional

50.

    A. lending 

    B. selling

    C. borrowing 

    D. paying

51.

    A. scream 

    B. bow   

    C. forgive  

    D. understand

52.

    A. happened 

    B. existed 

    C. crashed 

    D. circulated

53.

    A. decided 

    B. hated 

    C. forgot

    D. remembered

54.

    A. went through 

    B. went on

    C. dreamed about 

    D. turned to

55.

    A. hole  

    B. sign  

    C. rule  

    D. danger

56.

    A. angry  

    B. desperate 

    C. embarrassed

    D. clumsy

57.

    A. sorrow  

    B. situation   

    C. patience 

    D. relief

58.

    A. pulled  

    B. spotted 

    C. examined 

    D. destroyed

59.

    A. saved 

    B. taught 

    C. instructed 

    D. treasured

60.

    A. exactly 

    B. carefully 

    C. actually

    D. finally

分值: 30分 查看题目解析 >
1

语法填空(每空1.5分,共15分)

    阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当的内容(1个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式。

    A South Korean biomedical start-up called Ybrain has developed a headband that they claim will offer relief from the symptoms of___61___(depress). The device, called Mindd, works___62___(use) a technique called transcranial direct-current stimulation(tDCS). Here, a low-voltage electrical current___63___(apply) to specific areas in the brain via electrodes(电极) placed on the skull.

    tDCS is not new-the basic___64___(principle) have been understood since the early 19th century. But the past decade or so has seen increased interest in its use in treating neurological and psychiatric conditions, and a 2016 meta-analysis of hundreds of studies concluded that it’s “possibly or probably effective”___65___a treatment for depression.

    tDCS equipment can stimulate particular brain regions either ‘anodally’ (increasing neuronal activity)___66___‘cathodally’ (decreasing neuronal activity). The Mindd headset applies anodal stimulation via electrodes in the headband to the frontal lobe, an area___67___decreased activity is associated with depressive disorders. Mindd is not intended as a DIY solution: patients would use it in___68___own homes, and all data regarding treatment would be sent automatically to their doctor.

    The headband is___69___(current) undergoing clinical trials at Harvard Medical School, and at 12 hospitals in South Korea. Early results are said to be___70___(promise), and if all goes well, Ybrain hopes to market the device to health providers by 2019.

分值: 15分 查看题目解析 >
1

短文改错(共10分)

    假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中共有10处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。

增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧),并在其下面写出该加的词。

删除:把多余的词用斜线(﹨)划掉。

修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。

注意:1每处错误及其修改均仅限一词;

          2只允许修改10处,多者(从第11处起)不计分。

    Teenagers often have problems with English. Yesterday we hold a discussion about what to learn English well. We came up with some suggestion. For example, some of us thought it was important to take the active part in classroom activities, because we could learn a lot of during the activities. Some agreed watching American films could a good way to improve listening and speaking skills. Others suggested read English novels to practice English.

    As for me, I prefer listening careful to teachers in class. What’s more, writing to your pen pal in America helps me much with my English. I hope all of us can found our own ways to learn English well.

分值: 10分 查看题目解析 >
1

书面表达(共25分)

    假定你是李华,你的美国朋友Peter 想来中国旅行,他写信向你了解他到北京后乘坐何种交通工具旅行比较适宜。请你给他写封回信,建议他乘坐高铁。

建议理由:

    1便捷,准点;

    2舒适,安全;

    3购票方便,价格适宜。

注意:

    1词数100左右;

    2可以适当增加细节, 以使行文连贯;

    3开头语已为你写好。

    参考词汇:中国高铁 CRH ( China Railway High-speed )

    自助售票机 self-service ticket machine

Dear Peter,

    I’m expecting you to come to China.

________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

                                                Yours,

                                                Li Hua

分值: 25分 查看题目解析 >
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