- 2015年高考权威预测卷 英语 (广东卷)
A business manager was deep in debt and could see no way out. He sat on the park bench, wondering if anything could save his （1） .
Suddenly, an old man appeared before him. “I can see that something is （2） you,” he said. After listening to the （3） , the old man said, “I believe I can help you.”
The old man asked the man his name, wrote a （4） , and pushed it into his hand, saying, “Take this money. Meet me here （5） one year from today, and you can pay me back at that time.” Then he turned and disappeared as （6） as he had come.
The business manager saw in his hand a check for $500,000, （7） by John D. Rockefeller, one of the richest men in the world! “It can make my （8） disappear in an instant!” he realized. But instead, the manager （9） to put the check in his safe (保险箱). It might give him the strength to work out a way to save his business, he thought.
With new （10） mood, he closed several big sales. Within a few months, he was completely out of debt and making money once again. Exactly one year later, he returned to the park with the （11） check. The old man appeared at the same time. But just as the manager was about to hand back the check and share his （12） story, a nurse ran to them and grabbed the old man.
“I’m so glad I caught him!” she cried. “I hope he hasn’t been bothering you. He’s always （13） from the rest home and telling people he’s John D. Rockefeller.” And she led the old man away by the arm. The （14） manager just stood there, opening his mouth.
Suddenly, he realized that it wasn’t the money that had turned his life around. It was his newfound （15） that gave him the power to achieve anything he went after.
（1） A. company B. reputation C. marriage D. body
（2）A. encouraging B. troubling C. pleasing D. confusing
（3）A. nurse B. worker C. manager D. clerk
（4）A. letter B. note C. bill D. check
（5）A. normally B. approximately C. exactly D. formally
（6）A. quickly B. confidently C. politely D. clearly
（7）A. donated B. designed C. devoted D. signed
（8）A. memories B. worries C. imaginations D. suggestions
（9）A. hesitated B. decided C. pretended D. hurried
（10） A. optimistic B. apparent C. subjective D. aggressive
（11）A. personal B. small C. same D. real
（12） A. false B. successful C. interesting D. classical
（13）A. hearing B. traveling C. learning D. escaping
（14）A. shocked B. ashamed C. satisfied D. convinced
（15） A. friendship B. confidence C. patience D. business
When a dad promised _（1）____ seven-year-old daughter she would be a real princess, he wasn’t kidding. Jeremiah Heaton travelled to __（2）___ remote desert region of Africa to claim a controversial stretch of land in his daughter Emily’s name. Mr. Heaton, the father __（3）__ three children from Virginia, （4）__ (plant) a flag his children had designed in the___（5）____( claim) piece of land sandwiched ___（6）_____ Egypt and Sudan after making a promise to Emily that she would one day be royalty.
Mr. Heaton found Bir Tawil, one of the last unclaimed pieces of land on the planet, which covers about 1300 km sq of desert ____（7）____ has never been claimed by Sudan or Egypt. ___（8）__ he did is just considered by some people to be a move that is an inspiring display of paternal love（父爱）. It took Mr. Heaton 14 hours to travel by wagon through the desert ____（9）____ he could plant the flag, which has a blue background and a seal and stars representing the family. He may have completed his journey in June, but it began at the start of the year when he was chatting to his young daughter. “Over the winter, Emily and I were playing, and she had a desire to be a princess. She asked me, in all ______（10）______(serious), if she’d be a real princess someday ,” Heaton said. “And I said she would.”
Everywhere man is altering the balance of nature．He is facilitating the spread of plants and animals into new regions, sometimes deliberately, sometimes unconsciously．He is covering huge areas with new kinds of plants, or with houses, factories, slag-heaps and other products of his civilization．He exterminates some species on a large scale, but favors the multiplication of others．In brief, he has done more in five thousand years to alter the biological aspect of the planet than has nature in five million．
Many of these changes which he has brought about have had unforeseen consequences．Who would have thought that the throwing away of a piece of Canadian waterweed would have caused half the waterways of Britain to be blocked for a decade, or that the provision of pot cacti for lonely settlers’ wives would have led to Eastern Australian being overrun with forests of Prickly Pear? Who would have prophesied that the cutting down of forests on the Adriatic coasts, or in parts of Central Africa, could have reduced the land to a semi desert, with the very soil washed away from the bare rock? Who would have thought that improved communications would have changed history by the spreading of disease-sleeping sickness into East Africa, measles into Oceania, very possibly malaria into ancient Greece?
These are spectacular examples; but examples on a smaller scale are everywhere to be found．We make a nature sanctuary for rare birds, prescribing absolute security for all species; and we may find that some common and hardy kind of bird multiplies beyond measure and ousts the rare kinds in which we were particularly interested．We see, owing to some little change brought about by civilization, the starling spread over the English country-side in hordes．We improve the yielding capacities of our cattle; and find that now they exhaust the pastures which sufficed for less exigent stock．
（1）The following examples except _______________ reflect man altering the balance of nature．
A．man is covering huge areas with new kinds of plants
B．man is facilitating the spread of animals into new regions．
C．man is killing some species on a large scale
D．man is getting to know the importance of keeping the balance of nature．
（2）What had a piece of Canadian waterweed cause?
A．Eastern Australian was overrun with forests．
B．Half the waterways of Britain blocked for a decade．
C．In parts of central Africa, the land reduced to a semi desert．
D．Disease-sleeping has been caused．
（3）What have spread diseases?
A. Disease-sleeping sickness．
（4）We make a nature sanctuary for rare birds but _______________.
A．some common and hardy kind of bird multiplies
B．rare kinds multiply
C．all bird multiply
D．no bird multiply
（5）The main idea of the passage is ______________．
A．that man is deliberately destroying the balance of nature
B．that man has foreseen the consequences of altering the balance old nature
C．that improved communications have changed history
D．that man is altering the balance of nature
The British National Health Service (NHS) was set up in 1948 and was designed to provide equal basic health care, free of charge, for everybody in the country. Before this time health care had to be paid for by individuals.
Nowadays central government is directly responsible for the NHS although it is administered by local health authorities. About 83 percent of the cost of the health service is paid for by general taxation and the rest is met from the National Insurance contributions paid by those in work. There are charges for prescription and dental care but many people, such as children, pregnant women, prisoners, and those on Income Support, are exempt from payment.
Most people are registered with a local doctor (a GP, or General Practitioner) who is increasingly likely to be part of a health center which serves the community.
As the population of Britain gets older, the hospital service now treats more patients than before, although patients spend less time in hospital. NHS hospitals—many of which were built in the nineteenth century — provide nearly half a million beds and have over 480, 000 medical staff. The NHS is the biggest employer in Europe although Britain actually spends less per person on health care than most of her European neighbors.
During the 1980s there was considerable restructuring of the Health Service with an increased emphasis on managerial efficiency and the privatization of some services (for example, cleaning). At the end of the 1980s the government introduced proposals for further reform of the NHS, including allowing some hospitals to be self-governing, and encouraging GPs to compete for patients. Patients would be able to choose and change their family doctor more easily and GPs would have more financial responsibility. The political questions continue of how much money should be provided to support the NHS and where it should come from.
（1）We can know from the first paragraph that ______________.
A. the original aim of the NHS was to provide equal basic health care for everybody
B. people didn’t have to pay for health care since the NHS was set up
C. patients were charged for receiving health care before 1948
D. the NHS was an organization which gave free advice to villagers
（2） What do we know about the NHS?
A. It’s managed by the central government.
B. Its cost is mainly paid for by the National Insurance contributions.
C. It hires more people than any other unit in Europe.
D. Fewer patients go to its hospitals than before because they spend less on health care.
（3）All the following statements about GPs are true except that they ____________.
A. take care of the local people’s health
B. often take part in competitions to see who is the best
C. work under high pressure nowadays
D. have more responsibilities than before
（4） What does the underlined word “exempt” probably mean?
（5） The biggest problem for the NHS is ______________.
A. many hospitals are too old to be used
B. some services are in the charge of individuals
C. more and more patients go to GPs for treatment
D. there is not enough money for further reform
The rise in smartphones（智能手机）among young people may be having a direct effect on how successful they become as adults.
Research from the University of Nebraska-Lincoln has discovered the average university student checks their phones 11 times per lesson, and more than 80 per cent believe this tech addiction is interfering with their learning.
A quarter of students across five U.S states also blamed poor grades in exams specifically on the fact they used mobile devices（设备） when they should have been concentrating and revising - and these grades could determine the jobs they end up going into.
Barney McCoy, an associate professor of broadcasting at the university, surveyed 777 students at six universities across five states about how they used digital devices in the classroom.
The students were from UNL and the University of Nebraska at Omaha in Nebraska, Morningside College in Iowa, the University of North Carolina, the University of Kansas and the University of Mississippi.
Around two thirds said they used phones, tablets and laptops for “non-classroom purposes” up to ten times during a typical university day, while 15 per cent admitted this figure was closer to 30 times.
Among the top reasons why students checked their devices so regularly were staying connected and fighting boredom, at 55 per cent. Less than half said the devices were used for classwork.
Texting was the most popular distraction（注意力分散） technique at 86 per cent, while 68 per cent said they used their phones to check personal emails. Two thirds used social networks, 38 per cent surfed the web and eight per cent admitted to playing games when they should have been studying.
Despite eight out of ten students admitting their devices were distracting, fewer than five per cent considered it to be a “very big” distraction.
“I don’t think students necessarily think it’s a big problem,” said McCoy said. “They think it’s part of their lives.”
“It’s become automatic behaviour on the part of so many people - they do it without even thinking about it.”
He continued, “They’ve got their laptops open, but they’re not always taking notes. Some might have two screens open -- Facebook and their notes.”
（1）The majority of the students think that using smartphones _________ .
A. helps to improve their grades.
B. contributed to their poor grades.
C. has a bad effect on their studies.
D. determines their jobs in the future.
（2）How many students surveyed used digital devices for “non-classroom purposes” about 30 times during a day?
A. About 518
B. About 116
C. About 427
D. Less than 388
（3） _________ was the most popular form of distraction.
B. playing games
C. surfing the web
D. Checking personal emails
（4）Which of the following is true?
A. Barney McCoy surveyed 777 students at the university he works in.
B. A minority of the students said they used digital devices for classwork.
C. Around two thirds admitted they used digital devices because lessons are boring.
D. Barney McCoy thinks students’ using digital devices is not a big problem.
（5）The text is most likely to be found in a section about _________ .
A. successful people
B. political systems
C. science and technology
D. historical events
It may surprise bookworms, but apparently masterpieces such as Jane Eyre are lacking in something — sound effects. An electronic-book firm is adding background noises and music to the works of Charlotte Bronte, Sir Arthur Conan Doyle and William Shakespeare in the hope of attracting younger readers. In one example, a description of rain lashing against a window in a Sherlock Holmes story will be “enhanced” with matching noises.
The first multimedia e-books — with sounds to accompany novels — will be available this Friday in the UK. The Booktrack releases are available to iPad users, with other tablet computer versions to follow. The concept is already in use in the U.S., where the classics come with added sound effects. Readers for example can hear the china cups chinking in Mr. Darcy’s garden as they read Pride And Prejudice.
A story by Booker Prize winner Salman Rushdie will be released later in the year with a specially crafted orchestral score. Rushdie’s story In The South will be released with a soundtrack provided by the New Zealand Symphony Orchestra.
The Power Of Six by Pittacus Lore, a novel for young adults, is one of the first to be tested with a soundtrack which builds in suspense in keeping with the plot. It works by timing the speed of each reader and the software measures the “turning” of a page and moves the music or sounds along accordingly. It has been created by Booktrack which synchronizes (使同步) music to each novel. It is funded by Peter Thiel, a co-founder of PayPal.
Mr. Thiel said, “It’s always exciting to witness the creation of a new form of media. The technology promises to captivate readers in a different way.”
However, they have been greeted with horror by traditionalists, who say the technology takes away the pleasure of having one’s imagination stimulated by a story. They also raise the prospect (预期) of having to ask an overly eager reader to turn their book down. David Nicholls, whose bestseller One Day was recently turned into a film starring Anne Hathaway, said, “This sounds like the opposite of reading. It would be a distraction.”
（1） What’s the purpose of the electronic-book firm adding sound effects to masterpieces?
A. To add some creative factors to the e-books.
B. To arouse interest of the readers.
C. To satisfy the readers’ great need.
D. To promote the technology progress.
（2）Where was the idea that sounds are added to accompany novels first put forward?
C. New Zealand.
（3）The following should be done to make a soundtrack work, EXCEPT .
A. measuring how long each reader spends in reading
B. increasing the volume of the music or sounds
C. making out the reading speed
D. changing the music or sounds with pages turned
（4） What’s Mr. Thiel’ attitude to the future of the new form of media?
（5） is/are valued most greatly during the reading process according to traditionalists.
A. Pasta House – new Italian restaurant located in the heart of the city. Simple but delicious inexpensive meals. Also has a good range of vegetable-only meals. It’s always crowded so be ready to order take-away or share a table. Open 11 a.m. to midnight.
B. A Taste of India – famous for its spicy curries and many southern Indian dishes using chilli. You will usually be able to find a table during the week but if you’re planning to go on the weekend make sure you book a table in advance. Open noon to midnight.
C. Paris Match – this is the finest French restaurant in the city. Wonderful food you can enjoy in luxurious surroundings. The perfect place to have a romantic meal or impress a business partner, but be prepared for a large bill. Open noon to 2 a.m. Booking essential.
D. Mountain Diner – not fancy but tasty. Excellent Asian and European dishes. Countryside location surrounded by forest. It’s at least an hour’s drive from the city so you might want to stay at the nearby Mountain Hotel overnight. Open 7 a.m. to 10 p.m.
E. Owl Café – open 24 hours a day the café has a large selection of set breakfast, lunch and dinner meals for you to choose from, or you can enjoy one of their many delicious snacks and desserts over a cup of freshly made coffee.
F. Greek Bistro – a lively restaurant that serves great-value Greek food and has live Greek music played by a local band. Customers are encouraged to take part in the entertainment so be ready for a night of loud fun and laughter. Open 6 p.m. to 2 a.m.
（1）Bill – was late getting up today so hasn’t had time to make breakfast. He wants to pick up something to eat before he goes to work so he has enough energy to last through to lunch time.
（2）Julie – works in the city and wants to get some lunch. She doesn’t want anything too special so long as it is tasty and not too expensive. Julie likes all kinds of food but because she is on a diet she wants to avoid anything containing meat.
（3）Sally – has friends visiting her from out-of-town and wants to take them to dinner. She wants to take them somewhere they can enjoy the atmosphere and have fun. She is a university student so doesn’t have a lot of money and doesn’t like her food too hot.
（4）Albert – is a businessman who will meet an important European client for a business dinner next week. Want to book a table at a quiet restaurant that will impress his guest with both its food and its surroundings.
（5）Robert – is meeting his friend Ben for lunch today (Tuesday) and wants to take him to a nice restaurant. Both Robert and Ben enjoy good quality spicy food. Robert doesn’t like arranging things in advance so he hasn’t booked a table.
According to a report from Qilu Evening News (Shangdong Province), Wu Minghua, a retired teacher who works in the canteen in Yantai University as a cleaner, collected the “uneaten food” from the students’ bowls and plates and ate it for lunch and dinner. In this way, he wanted to make the students become aware of the importance of thrift (节俭)，a good virtue that has been passed down from generation to generation for thousands of years in China.
Now aged 62, Wu Minghua has been eating the leftovers of the students for the last six months. When interviewed, he said, “When I was growing up in the 1960s, people lived such a hard life that many couldn’t even provide their family with adequate food and clothing. So people of my generation are fully aware of the merit of being thrifty. However, with the improvement of the living standards, many people, especially the young, are no longer interested in the simple life style and some of them even feel ashamed to be thrifty. What they pursue is the latest fashion. In their eyes, thrift is already out of style.”
“Waste might lead to degradation of social atmosphere and environmental pollution as well,” a reporter said. Therefore, it’s of great importance to fight against wasting and encourage everyone to eat up everything on their plates.