• 英语 西城区2016年高三第二次模拟考试
单选题 本大题共15小题,每小题1分,共15分。在每小题给出的4个选项中,有且只有一项是符合题目要求。
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21. Mobile payment ______ more and more popular in the last two years.

Ahas become

Bwill become

Cbecame

Dhad become

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23. —You seem familiar with the rainforest.

—I ______ in South America for two years.

Alive

Bwas living

Clived

Dhad lived

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24. A “charity wall”, ______ spare clothes and books for people in need, recently appeared on a

street in Beijing.

Acollects

Bcollected

Ccollecting

Dbeing collected

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25. ______ I’m not good at art, I do have a good appreciation of art products.

ABecause

BSince

CIf

DWhile

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26. The suggestion, if ______, will mean fundamental changes to the electrical system.

Aaccepting

Baccept

Cto accept

Daccepted

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27. Home is ______ we complain the most, but are often treated the best.

Awhich

Bwhere

Cthat

Dhow

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28. It is said that a most popular emoji (expression of emotion on the Internet) is the “face with

the rolling eyes”, ______ is used in 14 percent of text messages.

Athat

Bwhat

Cwhich

Dwhose

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29. Born in a poor village, she knows ______ education means to people, especially to those without it.

Awhat

Bwho

Cwhen

Dwhy

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30. China has introduced a national two-child policy ______ the challenge of an aging population.

Ato meet

Bmeet

Cmet

Dmeets

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31. Today if you never register for a network course, you ______ as behind the times.

Awill see

Bwill be seen

Csee

Dwere seen

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32. Not drinking enough water ______ lead to headache and poor physical performance.

Acan

Bmust

Cshould

Dneed

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33. I told you to keep the dog ______ the bed. I don’t want dog hair all over the bedspread.

Aover

Balong

Ctowards

Doff

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34. If I weren’t so tired, I ______ with you to the movie tonight.

Awill go

Bwould have gone

Cwould go

Dwent

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35. Justin ______ a book about his adventures in Tibet now. I hope he can find a good

publisher when he has finished.

Awrote

Bis writing

Chas written

Dwas writing

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22. It is the talent and hard work of the musical group ______ allow them to win over many

fans.

Awho

Bthat

Cwhich

Dwhere

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阅读理解 本大题共3小题,每小题2分,共6分。阅读短文,完成下列小题。
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阅读下列短文,从每题所给的A、B、C、D四个选项中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。

A

The following safety risks may result in serious injury or death to the user of the MINI Cooper S:

  This product contains small parts that are for adult assembly (组装) only. Keep small children away when assembling. Remove all protective materials before assembly. Be sure to remove all packaging materials and parts from underneath the car body.

  Battery posts contain lead known to the state of California to cause cancer and reproductive harm. Never open the battery.

  Body parts such as hands, legs, hair and clothing can get caught in moving parts. Never place a body part near a moving part or wear loose clothing while using the vehicle. Always wear shoes when using the vehicle.

  Using the vehicle near streets, motor vehicles, drop-offs such as steps, water (swimming pools) or other bodies of water, hills, wet areas, in alleys, at night or in the dark could result in an unexpected accident. Instead, use the vehicle on the highway. Always use the vehicle in a safe, secure environment.

  Using the vehicle in unsafe conditions such as snow, rain, loose dirt, mud, or sand may result in unexpected action, for example tip over.

  Using the vehicle in an unsafe manner. Examples include but are not limited to:

   Pulling the vehicle with another vehicle or similar device

   Allowing more than two riders

   Pushing the user from the back

   Traveling at an unsafe speed

  Always use common sense and safe practices when using the vehicle.

  Store the vehicle indoors or cover it to protect it from weather. Water will damage the motor, electric system, and battery.

56. When assembling, you should ______.

Aopen the battery on the spot

Bignore the packaging materials

Ckeep small children off the spot

Dtake away all protective materials

57. According to the text, it is safer to ______.

Ahave at least four passengers

Bpush the user from behind at the start

Cdrive on the highway instead of on hills

Dwear loose clothes while using the vehicle

58. Where can you probably find the text?

AAn official report.

BA popular magazine.

CA physics textbook.

DA product handbook.

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阅读理解 本大题共4小题,每小题2分,共8分。阅读短文,完成下列小题。
1

B

Two of the saddest words in the English language are “if only”. I live my life with the goal of never having to say those words, because they convey regret, lost opportunities, mistakes, and disappointment.

My father is famous in our family for saying, “Take the extra minute to do it right.” I always try to live by the “extra minute” rule. When my children were young and likely to cause accidents, I always thought about what I could do to avoid an “if only” moment, whether it was something minor like moving a cup full of hot coffee away from the edge of a counter, or something that required a little more work such as taping padding (衬垫) onto the sharp corners of a glass coffee table.

I don’t only avoid those “if only” moments when it comes to safety. It’s equally important to avoid “if only” in our personal relationships. We all know people who lost a loved one and regretted that they had foregone an opportunity to say “I love you” or “I forgive you.” When my father announced he was going to the eye doctor across from my office on Good Friday, I told him that it was a holiday for my company and I wouldn’t be here. But then I thought about the fact that he’s 84 years old and I realized that I shouldn’t give up an opportunity to see him. I called him and told him I had decided to go to work on my day off after all.

I know there will still be occasions when I have to say “if only” about something, but my life is definitely better because of my policy of doing everything possible to avoid that eventuality. And even though it takes an extra minute to do something right, or it occasionally takes an hour or two in my busy schedule to make a personal connection, I know that I’m doing the right thing. I’m buying myself peace of mind and that’s the best kind of insurance for my emotional well-being.

59. Which of the following is an example of the “extra minute” rule?

AStart the car the moment everyone is seated.

BLeave the room for a minute with the iron working.

CWait for an extra minute so that the steak tastes better.

DMove an object out of the way before it trips someone.

60. The author decided to go to her office on Good Friday to ______.

Akeep her appointment with the eye doctor

Bmeet her father who was already an old man

Cjoin in the holiday celebration of the company

Dfinish her work before the deadline approached

61. The underlined word “foregone” in Paragraph 3 is closest in meaning to ______.

Aabandoned

Blacked

Cavoided

Dwasted

62. What is the best title for the passage?

AThe Emotional Well-being

BThe Two Saddest Words

CThe Most Useful Rule

DThe Peace of Mind

分值: 8分 查看题目解析 >
阅读理解 本大题共4小题,每小题2分,共8分。阅读短文,完成下列小题。
1

C

Turning the lights out or wearing a blindfold while eating could be a quick way to lose weight, according to scientists. The simple trick works because it stops diners eating for pleasure rather than for calories. It also triggers (引发) a part of the brain that is worried that unseen food may go bad.

An experiment by the University of Konstanz, in Germany, found that people who were blindfolded consumed nine percent fewer calories before they felt full, compared to those who could see. They also vastly overestimated how much they had eaten because they could not see how much was left on the plate. Blindfolded volunteers estimated they had eaten 88 percent more than they actually had.

Scientists believe that not seeing food on the table also allows the body to know when it is full in real time rather than remembering past experiences where it might have taken a full plate to feel full.

In the experiment, 50 people were blindfolded and 40 were allowed to see their food. All were told not to eat within two hours of the experiment. They were then given three 95g bowls of chocolate ice cream and invited to eat for 15 minutes. Their bowls were taken away and the remaining ice-cream weighed, while the participants were quizzed on how much they thought they had eaten.

On average the group who could see ate 116g while the blindfolded groups ate 105g. However, the blindfolded group believed they had eaten 197g while compared with 159g for the non-blind volunteers. They were also asked how pleasant the ice-cream tasted and the blindfolded group rated lower than those who could see.

“The experienced pleasure of eating was significantly lower in the blindfolded group. Not seeing the food might have decreased the appetite. Sight plays an important role in the eating experience and in the overall dining experience.”

Previous studies have shown that the visual influence of food plays a large part in the taste. While restaurants that allow diners to eat in the dark state that it triggers other senses, in fact eating in darkness is likely to taste far milder than usual.

63. With the lights out, diners eat less partly because ______.

Athey want to quickly finish their meals

Bthey trust their feelings more than ever

Cthey focus more on fun than the calories

Dthey worry about the quality of the food

64. We can learn from the passage that the blindfolded group ______.

Aspent a much longer time eating the same food

Bbelieved they ate more than they really did

Cdepended on past experiences to feel full

Dthought the food tasted better than usual

65. The last two paragraphs tell us that ______.

Adiners are likely to lose their appetite eating in darkness

Bsenses rather than sight play an important role in the taste

Cfindings of this experiment differ from the previous studies

Drestaurants benefit a lot from allowing diners to eat in the dark

66. The main purpose of the passage is to ______.

Aprovide statistics related to eating in the dark

Boffer reasons for people to eat in the dark areas

Cinform the readers of the result of an experiment

Dpersuade the readers to lose weight in a new way

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阅读理解 本大题共4小题,每小题2分,共8分。阅读短文,完成下列小题。
1

D

       Let us all raise a glass to AlphaGo and the advance of artificial intelligence. AlphaGo, DeepMind’s Go-playing AI, just defeated the best Go-playing human, Lee Sedol. But as we drink to its success, we should also begin trying to understand what it means for the future.

The number of possible moves in a game of Go is so huge that, in order to win against a player like Lee, AlphaGo was designed to adopt a human-like style of gameplay by using a relatively recent development—deep learning. Deep learning uses large data sets, “machine learning” algorithms (计算程序) and deep neural (神经的) networks to teach the AI how to perform a particular set of tasks. Rather than programming complex Go rules and strategies into AlphaGo, DeepMind designers taught AlphaGo to play the game by feeding it data based on typical Go moves. Then, AlphaGo played against itself, tirelessly learning from its own mistakes and improving its gameplay over time. The results speak for themselves.

Deep learning represents a shift in the relationship humans have with their technological creations. It results in AI that displays surprising and unpredictable behaviour. Commenting after his first loss, Lee described being shocked by an unconventional move he claimed no human would ever have made. Demis Hassabis, one of DeepMind’s founders, echoed this comment: “We’re very pleased that AlphaGo played some quite surprising and beautiful moves.”

Unpredictability and surprises are—or can be—a good thing. They can indicate that a system is working well, perhaps better than the humans that came before it. Such is the case with AlphaGo. However, unpredictability also indicates a loss of human control. That Hassabis is surprised at his creation’s behaviour suggests a lack of control in the design. And though some loss of control might be fine in the context of a game such as Go, it raises urgent questions elsewhere.

How much and what kind of control should we give up to AI machines? How should we design appropriate human control into AI that requires us to give up some of that very control? Is there some AI that we should just not develop if it means any loss of human control? How much of a say should corporations, governments, experts or citizens have in these matters? These important questions, and many others like them, have emerged in response, but remain unanswered. They require human, not human-like, solutions.

So as we drink to the milestone in AI, let’s also drink to the understanding that the time to answer deeply human questions about deep learning and AI is now.

67. What contributes most to the unconventional move of AlphaGo in the game?

AThe capability of self-improvement.

BThe constant input of large data sets.

CThe installation of deep neutral networks.

DThe knowledge of Go rules and strategies.

68. A potential danger of AI is ______.

Athe loss of human control

Bthe friendly relationship

Cthe fierce competition

Dthe lack of challenge

69. How should we deal with the unpredictability of AI?

AWe should stop AI machines from developing even further.

BWe should call on the government to solve these problems for us.

CWe should rely on ourselves and come up with effective solutions.

DWe should invent even more intelligent machines to solve everything.

70. What’s the author’s attitude towards this remarkable advance in AI?

ASupportive.

BOptimistic.

CDoubtful.

DCautious.

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补全信息 本大题共5小题,每小题2分,共10分。把答案填写在题中横线上。
1

根据短文内容,从短文后的七个选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余选项。

Being Left-handed ina Right-handed World

   The world is designed for right-handed people,but why does a tenth of the population prefer the left?   71 

   The answer to it remains a bit of a mystery.Since scientists have noticed that left-handedness tends to run in families,it’s assumed that left-handedness has a genetic(基因的)component to it.

  72   In fact, identical twins, whoshare the same genes, can sometimes prefer to use different hands. There arealso plenty of theories on what else might determine which hand you write with,but many experts believe that it’s kind of random.

   Historically, the left side andleft-handedness have been considered a negative thing by many cultures.   73   In some areas, the left hand became known as the“unclean” hand. In many religions, the right hand of God is the favored hand.For example, Jesus sits at God’s right side. God’s left hand, however, is thehand of judgement. Various activities and experiences become rude or even signsof bad luck when the left hand becomes involved. In some parts ofScotland, it isconsidered bad luck to meet a left-handed person at the start of a journey.   74   A person giving directions will put their left handbehind them and even physically try to point with their right hand ifnecessary. In some Asian countries, eating with the left hand is consideredimpolite.

 75   Peoplecome to realize that left-handedness is natural. People even noticed that manyfamous people are left-handed, including Benjamin Franklin, Leonardo Da Vinci,and Charlie Chaplin. Some researchers find out that lefties are more creativeand can deal with abstract thinking better. The left-handedness is more easilyadaptable to the right-handed world as well. Being left-handed is no longer asad story now; instead, it is a wonderful gift or maybe it is something youshould take pride in.  

AIn other words, left-handers are born that way.

BLeft-handedness used to be regarded as a disability.

CThe unfavorable associations of the use of the left hand among cultures are varied.

DWhy do they prefer to use their left hand rather than their right hand for routine activities?

EWhy do some parents force their left-handed children to become right-handed when writing?

FIn Ghana, pointing, gesturing, giving or receiving items with the left hand is considered rude.

GFortunately, nowadays most societies and cultures no longer reject left-handedness like before.

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书面表达 本大题共15分。
1

假设你是高三学生李华,得知你的美国笔友Peter暑假要来中国旅游并在北京停留一天。有两条游览路线让他犹豫不决:1)长城一日游; 2)天安门广场、故宫一日游。Peter想征询你的意见。请你根据以下内容,给他写一封电子邮件。内容包括:

1. 欢迎他来北京旅游;

2. 推荐路线并说明理由;

3. 提出可以陪他游览一天。

注意: 1. 词数不少于50;

2. 开头和结尾已给出,不计入总词数。   

   

Dear Peter,

                                                                                   

                                                                              

 

Yours,

Li Hua

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书面表达 本大题共20分。
1

假设你是红星中学的学生李华。请根据以下四幅图的先后顺序,用英文写一篇周记, 记述上周日你和父母一起骑车郊游的过程。

注意:词数不少于60。

提示词: 郊区 the suburbs

分值: 20分 查看题目解析 >
完型填空 本大题共20小题,每小题 1.50分,共30分。
1

阅读下面短文,掌握其大意,从每题所给的A、B、C、D四个选项中,选出最佳选项

A Very Special Special Olympian

The professor was searching for student volunteers in the lecture room for a Special Olympics event. As the sign-up sheet went up and down the rows, I started to come up with my  36  . Maybe it was the distance to the college where the event was to take place, or the early hour that   37   had to report for duty. Whatever the reasons that made me hesitate, I am thankful to this day that I   38   up volunteering. If I had missed the event, I would have missed one of the most unforgettable moments that I have ever   39  .

I arrived at the volunteer tent bright and early. My task was   40  . I was to stand at the finish line only and wait until the event was over and then take the   41   to the announcing booth(公告处). Standing at the finish line, I was able to witness many amazing efforts and close races. I was most impressed by the effort each athlete put into his or her   42  . What also impressed me was the sincere   43   each athlete expressed while participating though sometimes the joy of participating in a sporting event can get   44   in the fierce competition of winning and losing.

Then an amazing moment happened right before my eyes. A group of athletes were   45 

up to run a short race. One of them was in a wheelchair, a little girl with a   46   smile, wearing bright bows in her hair. Her smile filled the stadium that day. I couldn’t help but smile back at her.

The gun sounded. They were off. Runners sped up in the   47   with all their might. My eyes

48   for the little girl with the bright bows. There she was, pumping her arms with all the

49   she had. Her efforts were getting little result, but that did not stop her. I noticed as she got closer that she also had an injured arm. But that did not stop this bright star. The race was long over   50   the young athlete kept pumping her arms. As she finally   51   the finish line, the noise of the crowd was thunderous. There I stood  52  , with tears falling down my cheeks.

After all these years, I can still hear those cheers. I wish I could thank that remarkable athlete for what her efforts   53   this unmotivated college guy. I grew up a lot that day because of the   54   of that little girl in the wheelchair. I was   55   that day of a poem from a book that states, “Whatever you do, do it with all your might.”

36.

Aideas

Bplans

Csuggestions

Dexcuses

37.

Arunners

Bstudents

Cvolunteers

Dadvisors

38.

Agave

Bended

Cstayed

Dwoke

39.

Aignored

Bcontrolled

Cwitnessed

Dimagined

40.

Asimple

Bdifficult

Cinteresting

Dtiring

41.

Aprize

Bathlete

Cresult

Dwinner

42.

Amind

Bevent

Cvictory

Dbody

43.

Ajoy

Bbelief

Ctrust

Dconfidence

44.

Astuck

Bincreased

Crespected

Dlost

45.

Amixed

Bcalled

Clined

Dpiled

46.

Ahuge

Bnarrow

Cweak

Dhard

47.

Acourt

Btrack

Cfield

Dplatform

48.

Ahoped

Bcared

Cprepared

Dsearched

49.

Adesires

Bcourage

Cenergy

Ddreams

50.

Abut

Band

Cor

Dso

51.

Afelt

Bneared

Ctook

Draised

52.

Acheering

Bwaiting

Ccalculating

Drecording

53.

Apaid

Bowed

Cdisappointed

Dtaught

54.

Ahonesty

Bbravery

Cpopularity

Dcreativity

55.

Awarned

Bpersuaded

Cinformed

Dreminded

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