• 2015年高考权威预测卷 英语 (天津卷)
单选题 本大题共15小题,每小题1分,共15分。在每小题给出的4个选项中,有且只有一项是符合题目要求。

3. Please _____all the numbers. Those numbers______10,000.

Aadd to , add up

Badd up, add up to

Cadd up , add to

Dadd up to, add to

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1. There was _____ time when everything to do with ____nature could keep Anne spellbound.

Aa, the

Bthe, a

Ca, /

Dthe , the

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2. ---Kevin, you look worried. Anything wrong ?

---Well, I _____ a test and I’m waiting for the result.

Awill take

Bhad taken



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5.The police chief advised his men to keep________ and not lose their tempers.





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8. The boss insisted that every minute ______ made full use of ______ the work well.

Abe; to do

Bwas; doing

Cbe ; doing

Dwas ; to do

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4. Generally speaking, ______according to the directions, the drug has no side effect.

Awhen taking

Bwhen taken

Cwhen to take

Dwhen to be taken

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6. The novel was concerned ______ the Second World War, while most readers are more concerned _____ the hero's love story.

Awith; about

Bwith; at

Cfor; about

Dabout; with

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7. Rather than _______ here waiting, I prefer _______to find out what on earth has happened.

Asit ; going

Bsit ; go

Csitting ; go

Dsit ; to go

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10. Not all the students follow the rules. Which of the following statement has the same meaning?

ANone of the students follow the rules.

BAll the students don’t follow the rules.

CNo students follow the rules.

DAll of the above.

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12. It is the third time so far that such a festival ________in my hometown.

Ahas held

Bhas been held

Cwill be held

Dhad been held

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14.  In our class there are 46 students, _____ half wear glasses.

Ain whom

Bin them

Cof whom

Dof them

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11.    In China, smokers have to face the reality that ______ people are dying of lung cancer.

Aa great number of

Ba great deal of

Ca good many of

Dthe number of

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13.They are broadening the bridge to ________ the flow of traffic.

Aput off

Bturn on

Cspeed up

Dwork out

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9. The farm grows various kinds of crops, _______ wheat, corn, cotton and rice.

Afor example


Cso that

Dsuch as

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15. Only in this way ______ progress in your English .

Ayou make

Bcan you make

Cyou be able to make

Dwill you able to make

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简答题(综合题) 本大题共115分。简答应写出文字说明、证明过程或演算步骤。


  A primary school has banned Valentine's Day cards because of concerns that young pupils spend too much time talking about boyfriends and girlfriends.

  Ashcombe Primary School in Weston-Super-Mare, Somerset, has told parents that cards declaring love can be “confusing” for children under the age of 11, who are still emotionally and socially developing.

  In his February newsletter, Peter Turner, the head teacher, warned that any cards found in school would be confiscated.

  He wrote: “We do not wish to see any Valentine’s Day cards in school this year. Some children and parents encourage a lot of talks about boyfriends and girlfriends.”

  “We believe that such ideas should wait until children are mature enough emotionally and socially to understand the commitment involved in having or being a boyfriend or girlfriend.”

  Mr. Turner said any families wanting to support the Valentine’s Day concept should send cards in the post or deliver them to home addresses by hand.

  His views were endorsed by Ruth Rice, 46, who has twins Harriet and Olivia, nine, at the school.

  She said: “Children at that age shouldn't really be thinking about Valentine's Day, and they should be concentrating on their schoolwork.

  “They are at an age when they are easily influenced and most parents including myself are with Mr. Turner.”

  She added that the cards cause too much competition. If someone gets a card and another doesn't then someone will be disappointed.

  However, Rajeev Takyar, 40, who runs a local newsagent, and has two children Jai, 11, and Aryan, five, at the school, said he was “genuinely outraged”.

  He said: "There are schools that have banned conkers and snowballs, and now Valentine's Cards.

  "I think banning the cards stops children from having social skills. How are they going to learn about relationships otherwise? It's ridiculous.”

  Alec Suttenwood, founder of the Anti-Political Correctness group, said of the ban: “It's totally ridiculous. Young children just send the cards to each other as friends and to their parents. It’s just a bit of harmless fun. There is no difference between this and Mother’s or Father’s Day.”

36. Valentine’s Day cards may cause confusing among young children because __________.

A.they are too young to understand what love is

B.teachers haven’t taught them how to make friends

C.children shouldn’t learn about social relationship

D.students talk too much about boyfriends and girlfriends

37. The underlined word “confiscated” in Paragraph 3 can probably be replaced by __________.

A. collected

B. destroyed

C. taken away

D. burnt away

38. Ruth Rice was in favor of Mr. Turner’s view in that ___________.

A. children like to compare Valentine’s Day cards

B. children should focus their mind on their lessons

C. sending holiday cards wastes both time and money

D. making friends had a negative influence on children

39. Which statement is TRUE according to the text?

A. Most of English parents want children to have fun

B. Children should learn how to develop social skills

C. English schools don’t allow students to play games

D. Some parents think it unreasonable to ban the cards

40. What is the best title of the text?

A. School bans Valentine’s Day cards.

B. Shall we send Valentine’s Day cards?

C. Different opinions on Valentine’s Day cards.

D. Parents’ concern about Valentine’s Day cards

分值: 12分 查看题目解析 >


  At Blossom End Railroad Station, 22-year-old Stanley Vine sat, waiting for his new employer. The surrounding green fields were so unlike the muddy landscape of war-torn France. After four horrible years as an army private fighting in Europe, Stanley had returned to England in February 1946. Armed now with some savings and with no prospects for a job in England, he answered a newspaper ad for farm help in Canada. Two months later he was on his way.

  When the old car rumbled toward the tiny station, Stanley rose to his feet, trying to make the most of his five foot, four inch frame. The farmer, Alphonse Lapine, shook his head and complained, “You’re a skinny thing.” On the way to his dairy farm, Alphonse explained that he had a wife and seven kids. “Money’s tight. You’ll get room and board. You’ll get up at dawn for milking, and then help me around the farm until evening milking time again. Ten dollars a week. Sundays off.” Stanley nodded. He had never been on a farm before, but he took the job.

  From the beginning Stanley was treated horribly by the whole family. They made fun of the way he dressed and talked. The humourless farmer frequently lost his temper, criticizing Stanley for the slightest mistake. The oldest son, 13-year-old Armand, constantly played nasty tricks on him. But the kind-hearted Stanley never responded.

  Stanley never became part of the Lapine family. After work, they ignored him. He spent his nights alone in a tiny bedroom. However, each evening before retiring, he lovingly cared for the farmer’s horses, eagerly awaiting him at the field gate. He called them his gentle giants.

  Early one November morning Alphonse Lapine discovered that Stanley had disappeared, after only six months as his farmhand. In fact no one in the community ever heard of him again. That is, until one evening, almost 20 years later, when Armand, opened an American sports magazine and came across a shocking headline, “Millionaire jockey, Stanley Vine, ex-British soldier and 5-time horse riding champion, began life in North America as a farmhand in Canada.”

41. Stanley Vine decided to go to Canada because ________.

A. he wanted to escape from war-torn France

B. he wanted to serve in the Canadian army

C. he couldn’t find a job in England

D. he loved working as a farmhand

42. Which of the following is True according to the passage?

A. Stanley joined the French army when he was 18 years old.

B. On the farm Stanley had to milk the cows 14 times a week.

C. The Lapine family were rich but cruel to Stanley.

D. Stanley read about the job offer in a newspaper.

43. What can we infer from the passage?

A. When Stanley first met his employer, he tried to impress him but failed.

B. Stanley had never worked on a farm, so he made a lot of mistakes.

C. Stanley’s weekly salary was not enough for him to live on.

D. Stanley left the farm by train, without telling anyone why he did so.

44. What did Stanley like doing after work each day?

A. Hitch-hiking to different towns.

B. Caring for the farmer’s horses.

C. Wandering around the farm alone.

D. Preparing meals on the farm.

45. Why was Armand so astonished when he read about Stanley in the magazine?

A. He didn’t know Stanley had been a British soldier.

B. He had no idea Stanley had always been a wealthy man.

C. He didn’t know his father paid Stanley so little money.

D. He didn’t expect Stanley to become such a success.

分值: 12分 查看题目解析 >


  I got off the college shuttle bus and started walking. That's when I heard piano music and singing   ___16___  above the noise of the people and the traffic. I walked a little   ___17___  so I could find out where it was coming from. Through the crowd I saw a young lady sitting at a piano with a  ___18 ___  next to her.

  She was singing songs about love, keeping on trying. The way she was singing  ___19___   me a bit. I stood there watching her  ___20___   for about fifteen minutes, thinking that it must take ___ 21___  to perform on her own in the middle of a   ___22___   New York ferry terminal.

  So I stood there listening. She must have felt my  ___23___  because she would  ___24___  look in my direction. Having enjoyed her music for several minutes, I walked over and put some money in her carriage and she said, “Thank you.”  ___25___  continuing my way home, I said to her, “I have been going  ___26___  a tough time lately, but you've made me hopeful again.”

  “I'm happy that I could help,” she replied. “Why are you so sad?”

  “Well, my mum told me she had got  ___27___  from her job, and that made me sad. I'm not

  so sure what to do ...”

  “You see, here’s the problem.” she explained. “When walking, your head was down. Don't look defeated, because ___ 28___  comes in different ways and if your head is down you might never see it. You should smile more ... lift your head up.”

  I smiled weakly, amazed by  ___29___  she was encouraging me. So, I asked her why she was playing the piano in the middle of a crowded place. She explained to me that she sees a lot of  ___30___  people in the world and she tries to  ___31___ the pain and bring more positivity by sharing   ___32___  music. She told me that when she wasn't making music she studied  ___33___  . So, that was how she knew some of the things she was telling me.

  I smiled a little  ___34___   because I knew that she was doing a good thing. After that we parted, my heart touched and   ___35___   by a musical soul!

16.A.lifting    B.rising    C.sounding    D.discovering

17.A.faster    B.calmer    C.slower    D.easier

18.A.cap    B.reference book    C.carriage    D.note

19.A.informed    B.comforted    C.discouraged    D.cured

20.A.play    B.sit    C.participate    D.concentrate

21.A.time    B.kindness    C.fortune    D.courage

22.A.big    B.brillant    C.modern    D.crowded

23.A.sense    B.presence    C.pleasure    D.fault

24.A.rarely    B.occasionally    C.eventually    D.carefully

25.A.Instead of    B.In spite of    C.In harmony with    D.On account of

26.A.on     B.out    C.through    D.along

27.A.stolen    B.employed    C.fired    D.lost

28.A.opportunity    B.incident    C.music    D.friendship

29.A.who    C.when    C.what    D.how

30.A.negative    B.common    C.positive    D.extraordinary

31.A.relieve    B.infect    C.devote    D.suffer

32.A.light    B.motivational    C.touching    D.reliable

33.A.biology    B.psychology    C.biography    D.geograhy

34.A.wider    B.longer    C.better    D.tenser

35.A.shaken    B.intended    C.appreciated    D.lightened

分值: 30分 查看题目解析 >


  With petroleum reserve(石油储量)decreasing, the search is on to replace gas with a cleaner, greener alternative.Though much eco-talk has centered on biofuels from corn and soybeans, the biofuel that looks more likely lo replace petroleum comes from a most unlikely source: algae.

  Algae(藻类), like corn, soybeans, and other crops, grow via photosynthesis(光合作用)and can be processed into fuel oil.However, they yield 30 times more energy than land crops such as soybeans, according to the U.S.Department of Energy.Many algae species also can grow in saltwater and polluted water—while corn and soy require, arable land and fresh water that will be in short supply as the world's population balloons.

  "If you replaced all the diesel(柴油)in the U.S. with soy biodiesel, it would lake half the land mass of the U.S. to grow those soybeans," says Matt Caspari, chief executive of Aurora Biofuels, a Berkeley, Calif, based private firm that specializes in algae oil technology.On the other hand, the Energy Department says that if algae fuel replaced all the petroleum fuel in the United States, it would requirel5,000square miles, which is a few thousand miles larger that Maryland(12,407squaree miles), the 42nd state in land area.

  Another bonus: Because algae can be grown just about anywhere in a closed space, they're being tested at several power plants across the nation as a carbon absorber.Smokestack emissions (烟囱排放物)can be pumped directly into the ponds, feeding the algae while keeping greenhouse gases out of the atmosphere.

  Although processing technology for algae fuel—also known as "oilgae" in some environmentalist circles —is improving, it's still years away from reaching your local gas pump. "it's just a question of cost, because no large-scale facilities have been built yet," Caspari says.

46.The underlined word "yield" in Paragraph 2 can be replaced by "_______".





47.Compared with corn and soybeans, algae_____.

A.may pollute water and soil

B.can grow in poor conditions

C.provide much less energy

D.need more special care

48.According to Paragraph 3, one of the advantages of algae fuel is that ____.

A.it can be used more widely

B.it is more easy to produce

C.it needs much less land

D.it costs much less money

49.What do we learn about algae from Paragraph 4?

A.Algae help protect the environment.

B.People can grew algae anywhere

C.Fish can get more oxygen from algae

D.Algae product less waste.

50.What does the passage mainly talk about?

A.Environmental protection.

B.Biofuels from corn and soybeans.

C.The false hope of Biofuels,

D.A promising oil alternative.

分值: 13分 查看题目解析 >


  Imagine a world in which there was suddenly no emotion—a world in which human beings could feel no love or happiness, no tenor or hate.Try to imagine the consequences of such a transformation.People might not be able to stay alive: knowing neither joy nor pleasure, anxiety nor fear, they would be as likely to repeat acts that hurt Item as acts that were beneficial.They could not learn: they could not benefit from experience because this emotionless world would lack rewards and punishments.Society would soon disappear: people would be as likely to harm one another as to provide help and support.Human relationships would not exist: in a world without friends or enemies, there could be no marriage, affection among companions, or bonds(关系)among members of groups.Society's economic underpinnings(支柱) would be destroyed: since earning $10 million would be no more pleasant than earning $10, there would be no incentive to work.In fact, there would be no incentives of any kind, for as we will see, incentives imply a capacity to enjoy them.

  In such a world, the chances that the human species would survive are next to zero, because emotions are the basic instruments of our survival and adaptation.Emotions struture the world for us in important ways.As individuals, we categorize objects on the basis of our emotions.True, we consider the length , shape, size or texture, but an object's physical aspects are less important than what it has done or can do to us —hurt us, surprise us, anger us or make us joyful.We also use categorizations colored by emotions in our families, communities, and overall society.Out of our emotional experience with objects and events conies a social feeling of agreement that certain things and actions are "good" and others are "bad", and we apply these categories to every aspect of our social life —from what foods we eat and what clothes we wear to how we keep promises and which people our group will accept.In fact, society uses our emotional reactions and altitudes, such as loyalty morality, pride shame, guilt, fear and greed, in order to maintain itself.It gives high rewards to individuals who perform important tasks such as surgery, makes heroes out of individuals for unusual or dangerous achievements such as flying fighter planes in a war, and uses the legal penal(刑法的)system to make people afraid to engage in antisocial acts.

51.Which of the following is TRUE according to the first paragraph?

A.people would not be able to tell the texture of objects.

B.People would not know what was beneficial and what was harmful to them.

C.$ 10 million is equal to $ 10 in a world without emotions.

D.There would be full of lies, arguments and violence.

52.In can be inferred from the passage that the economic foundation of society is dependent on ____  .

A.the ability to make money

B.the capacity to work

C.the stimulus to work

D.the categorizations of our emotional experiences

53.Emotions are significant for man's survival and adaptation because____.

A.they provide the means by which people view the size or shape of objects

B.they are the basis for the social feeling of agreement by which society is maintained

C.they encourage people to perform dangerous achievements

D.they produce more love than hate among people

54.Why are the emotional aspects of an object more important than its physical aspects?

A.They help society use its members for profit.

B.They encourage us to perform important tasks.

C.They help to perfect the legal and penal system.

D.They help us adapt our behaviors to the world surrounding us.

55.What is the text mainly about?

A.People could only live in a world with emotions.

B.People would always do bad things in the emotionless world.

C.Emotions are very important in the world.

D.Emotions structure the world for us in impertant ways.

分值: 13分 查看题目解析 >


  Many parents who welcome the idea of turning off the TV and spending more time with the family are still worried that without TV they will constantly be on call as entertainers for their children. They remember thinking up all sorts of things to do when they were kids. But their own kids seem different, less resourceful, somehow. When there's nothing to do, these parents observe regretfully, their kids seem unable to come up with any thing to do besides turning on the TV.

  One father, for example, says. “When I was a kid, we were always thinking up things to do, projects and games. We certainly never complained in an annoying way to our parents, ‘I have nothing to do!’” He compares this with his own children today: “They're simply lazy. If someone doesn't entertain them, they'll happily sit there watching TV all day. ”

  There is one word for this father's disappointment: unfair. It is as if he were disappointed in them for not reading Greek though they have never studied the language. He deplores his children's lack of inventiveness, as if the ability to play were something innate(天生的)that his children are missing . In fact, while the tendency to play is built into the human species, the actual ability to play, to imagine, to invent, and to elaborate on reality in a playful way and the ability to gain fulfillment from it are skills that have to be learned and developed.

  Such disappointment, however, is not only unjust, it is also destructive. Sensing their parents' disappointment, children come to believe that they are, indeed, lacking something, and that this makes them less worthy of admiration and respect. Giving children the opportunity to develop new resources, to enlarge their horizons and discover the pleasures of doing things on their own is, on the other hand, a way to help children develop a confident feeling about themselves as capable and interesting people.

56. According to the passage, what are parents worried about if children are not allowed to watch TV ? (No more than 15 words)


57. What do many parents think their children should do without TV? (No more than 10 words)


58. What does the underlined word “deplores” means? (No more than 5 words)


59. Why shouldn’t parents show constant disappointment with their children?

(No more than 10 words)


60.Do you agree that children shouldn’t watch TV ? Why? (No more than 20 words)



分值: 10分 查看题目解析 >

假如你是某家英文报社的编辑,昨日收到一位中学生读者王丽的来信。 请根据来信内容和所给的要点提示用英语写一封回信。词数100 --- 120.

  Dear Editor,

  I am a hardworking girl and want to be the number one in my class. But in the exams, I always make mistakes that I should have avoided. I really worry about it. What can I do to improve my performance in exams?

  Wang Li



(2) 如有问题, 请教老师和同学;




参考词汇: 分配 distribute

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