• 英语 鹤壁市2017年高三第一次质检考试
简答题(综合题) 本大题共95分。简答应写出文字说明、证明过程或演算步骤。
1

A

When I spent the summer with my grandmother, she always set me down to the general store with a list. Behind the counter was a lady like no one I’d ever seen.
“Excuse me,” I said. She looked up and said, “I’m Miss Bee.” 
“I need to get these.” I said, holding up my list. “So? Go get them. ” Miss Bee pointed to a sign. “There’s no one here except you and me and I’m not your servant, so get yourself a basket from that pile.”
I visited Miss Bee twice a week that summer. Sometimes she shortchanged me. Other times she overcharged. Going to the store was like going into battle. All summer long she found ways to trick me. No sooner had I learned how to pronounce “bicarbonate of soda” and memorized its location on the shelves than she made me hunt for it all over again. But by summer’s end the shopping trip that had once taken me an hour was done in 15 minutes. The morning I was to return home, I stopped in to get some run. 
“All right, little girl,” she said. “What did you learn this summer?” “That you’re a meanie!” I replied. Miss Bee just laughed and said, “I know what you think of me. Well, I don’t care! My job is to teach every child I meet life lessons. When you get older you’ll be glad!” Glad I met Miss Bee? Ha! The idea was absurd…
Until one day my daughter came to me with homework troubles. “It’s too hard,” she said. “Could you finish my math problems for me?”
“If I do it for you, how will you ever learn to do it yourself?” I said. Suddenly, I was back at that general store where I had learned the hard way to add up my bill by myself. Had I ever been overcharged since?

【语篇导读】本文是一篇记叙文。作者去商店买东西,店主一直让作者自己按照清单找东西。最初作者不明白为什么,直到有一天作者的女儿让他帮助完成数学题目时,他才懂得当初店主的意图。

21.How did the author first shop in the store?
   A. She shopped with her grandmother together.
   B. Miss Bee gave her a hand.
   C. She asked a servant to help her.
   D. She served herself.


22. What can we infer about Miss Bee?
   A. Her tricks made the author finish shopping in a shorter time. 
   B. She neither shortchanged the author nor overcharged her.
   C. Teaching kids lessons was Miss Bee’s job at that time.
   D. Miss Bee used to learn to pronounce the names of some goods in the store.

23. The author mentioned her daughter to __________.

Ashow her satisfaction with her kid’s homework.

Btell readers Miss Bee’s influence on her.
C. inform readers of her irresponsibility for her kid.
D. express her opposition to Miss Bee.

分值: 6分 查看题目解析 >
1

B

There was a sweet smell of incense (香) in the air as the well­muscled man moved his legs into a position well behind his head.It was something that the human body really should not be able to do.But what else would you expect at the First World Yoga Championships?

On September 25,the world’s leading yoga experts arrived in the US to find out who was the best.But the real prize was to turn yoga into a proper Olympic event.

“Yoga is a combination of bodybuilding,Miss World,Mr Universe and gymnastics,” said championship organizer Bikram Choudhury.“There are some 70 people from more than 20 countries competing in this event.Why not have yoga at the Olympics?”

The public cannot decide whether or not Choudhury’s dream will come true.But he is right about one thing:yoga has become popular with young and old people all over the world.In the US alone,15 million people practise yoga.Everyone is at it,including Madonna and Ricky Martin.

Yoga started in India more than 5,000 years ago.The name means “to join together”. That is to bring the body and mind together into one pleasing experience.The whole system of yoga is built on three things:exercise,breathing and meditation (沉思).

The yoga that we know today is mostly physical yoga. It’s seen as a type of exercise,but is different from sports like football or running. When we do yoga,we move our body into positions that stretch the muscles and joints,making them stronger.

One of the best things about yoga is the fact that everyone can do it. To women,it means a flat stomach,more shapely legs and a graceful body. To men,it is a way of becoming stronger and more athletic.

There are also specially­designed yoga classes for pregnant women or children suffering from mental disabilities,such as autism (孤独症).As for teenagers,meditation and simple breathing exercises can help them learn to calm down,relax and concentrate better. But teenagers under 16 are not supposed to do the body exercises as it could have a bad effect on their natural growth.

【语篇导读】瑜伽是一项集锻炼、呼吸和沉思于一体的健身运动,练习瑜伽将会给人带来不可思议的改变。

24. What does the first paragraph mainly tell us?

ASomething sportsmen should not do in practising yoga.

BBasic skills that are required in performing yoga.

CThe performance of the sportsmen at the First World Yoga Championships.

DThe unique setting where yoga is performed.

25. What is Choudhury’s dream in the passage?

ATurning yoga into a proper Olympic event.

BMaking all Americans practise yoga.

CWinning the First World Yoga Championships.

DGetting the public support for promoting yoga.

26. Why does the author mention Madonna and Ricky Martin in the fourth paragraph?

ATo compare the differences between the young and the old.

BTo describe the extensive popularity of yoga in the US.

CTo emphasize the importance of practising yoga.

DTo explain the strong influence of public figures in the US.

27. According to the passage,who does not need to pay special attention in practising yoga?

AWomen to be mothers.

BTeenagers under 16.

CAdult men.

DChildren with autism.

分值: 8分 查看题目解析 >
1

C

【语篇导读】这是一份学习报告,需要根据细节提取信息。

28. According to the comments of the Physical Education teacher, Simon _____.

Ais too talkative in the class

B likes to work with his classmates

C Doesn’t exercise his body at the right time

Dbecomes weak because he doesn’t exercise at all

29.Which of Simon’s subjects will attract the headmaster’s attention in future?

ABiology and Maths.

BHistory and French

C English and Chemistry.

DPhysics and Physical Education.

30. Which of the following statements best describes Simon?

AHe has made great progress in language classes.

BHis potential has been fully reflected in science classes.

C His grade in maths makes him a born scientist.

DHe needs to improve his attitude on certain subjects.

31. Based on the school report, which of the following statements is true?

ASimon didn’t bother his teacher to revise French.

B Simon is a determined learner in English.

C Basically, Simon did a good job in science.

DSimon is able to pay attention to history for long.

分值: 8分 查看题目解析 >
1

D

It is a familiar scene these days: employees taking newly laid-off co-workers out for a drink for comfort. But which side deserves sympathy more, the jobless or the still employed? On March 6, researchers at a conference at the University of Cambridge heard data suggesting it's the latter.

Brendan Burchell, a Cambridge sociologist, presented his analysis based on various surveys conducted across Europe. The data suggest that employed people who feel insecure in their jobs show similar levels of anxiety and depression as those who are unemployed. Although a newly jobless person's mental health may “bottom out" after about six months, and then even begin to improve, the mental state of people who are continuously worried about losing their job “just continues to get worse and worse", Burchell says.

Evolutionary psychologists support this theory by arguing that human beings feel more stress during times of insecurity because they sense an immediate but invisible threat. Patients have been known to experience higher levels of anxiety, for example, while waiting for examination results than knowing what they are suffering from—even if the result is cancer. It's better to get the bad news and start doing something about it rather than wait with anxiety. When the uncertainty continues, people stay in a nonstop “fight or flight" response, which leads to damaging stress.

But not every employee in insecure industries has such a discouraging view, Burchell says. In general, women get on better. While reporting higher levels of anxiety than men when directly questioned, women scored lower in stress on the GHQ 12, even when they had a job they felt insecure about losing. As Burchell explains, “For women, most studies show that any job—it doesn't matter whether it is secure or insecure—gives psychological improvement over unemployment. " Burchell supposes that the difference in men is that they tend to feel pressure not only to be employed, but also to be the primary breadwinner, and that more of a man's self-worth depends on his job.

【语篇导读】本文讲述了在职的人比下岗的人精神压力更大,更需要同情。

32. Why do researchers think the still employed deserve sympathy more?

AThey have to do more work since then.

BThey have no chance to find better jobs.

CThey have to work with inexperienced workers.

DThey constantly worry about losing their jobs.

33. What is most likely to cause a “fight or flight" response?

ANot having a paid job.

BFierce competition for jobs.

CNot knowing what will happen.

DPressure to work longer hours.

34. What will the writer talk about following the last paragraph?

AAdvice on preparing a job interview.

BAdvice to those in insecure industries.

CSome knowledge of psychology.

DDifference in men and women.

35. What could be the best title for the text?

AIs it less stressful to get laid off than stay on?

BShould greater sympathy be given to the jobless?

CDo employees bear more stress than ever before?

DDo men or women show higher levels of anxiety?

分值: 8分 查看题目解析 >
1

Although most games have winners and losers, the goal of sports is not to win every game. The real goals include getting exercise, having fun, and learning important social skills, like sportsmanship.
Good sportsmanship is all about respect. Good sports (具有运动家品格的人) respect the other players on their team. They respect the players on opposing teams. They respect coaches, and they also respect the referees or other officials involved in their games. 36bd_blank They yell at their teammates and they talk back to coaches or referees.
Kids usually learn sportsmanship ─ good and bad ─ from the adults in their lives. 37bd_blank If parents and coaches show disrespect to other fans, referees, or each other, kids will likely act the same way on the field.
38bd_blank Some of them are very basic and easy to do, like shaking hands with other players before a game. Other examples may take a little more courage, such as acknowledging a great play made by the opposing team.
Learning good sportsmanship is important because it helps you develop an attitude of graciousness (礼貌) and respect that will carry over into all the other areas of your life! 39bd_blank Being a good sport in the classroom will eventually lead to being a good sport in the workplace.
So be a good sport in whatever you do! 40_ When others see you acting in a way that makes it clear that winning isn't the most important thing, you can move on to focusing on the important things, like having fun, getting exercise, and improving your skills.

A. Good sportsmanship can be shown in many ways.
B. On the contrary, bad sportsmanship is all about disrespect.
C. The example you set can be a powerful teaching tool for others.
D. Players 'parents and coaches set examples that kids tend to follow.
E. We can be good sports by encouraging others but not laughing at them.
F. Starting as a good sport earlier will help you be a good sport as you get old.
G. If you're a good sport on the field, you'll also likely be a good sport in the classroom.

【语篇导读】本文讲述了运动员正直的重要性。

36.

37.

38.

39.

40.

分值: 10分 查看题目解析 >
1

Karen,Judy and I were the last ones back in the school room after lunch and all of the other sixth graders were already playing outside.
“Wow!How 41_ it would be to write on the blackboard while everyone is 42_ ,” Judy said.
“But Mrs.Eiffler doesn't want us writing on the 43_ ,”I responded.
“Janet,everyone is outside. No one will ever 44_ ,”said Karen,reaching into the box and drawing out a piece of 45_ .Judy also began drawing.
I reluctantly(不情愿地) 46_ my friends,but was afraid of being 47_ .Then Judy had an idea. “We're all right-handed. Let's see who can write their 48_ best using their left hand.”
Judy and Karen started writing. I chose a piece of white chalk from the box and wrote my name.
“We'd better get this board cleaned off 49_ Mrs.Eiffler comes back,”said Judy,eying the clock. She picked up a(n) 50_ and began removing our names from the board. 51_ came off,but my name!
I 52_ looked at the white chalk I used and found it wasn't chalk at all,but a white crayon(蜡笔)!My knees felt 53_ .Hurriedly,we tried many ways,but my name still 54_ .At last,Karen got a knife and scraped it. It 55_ finally,but we left an abrasion(磨损处) on the blackboard.
As the bell rang,the teacher walked in soon.
Mrs. Eiffler never asked about the abrasion and maybe never 56_ it. But I did. Every time I walked past the blackboard,I 57_ .
Although over forty years have passed since the event,I 58_ remember the lesson. “No one will ever know” is never 59_ .Even if no one else found out,I myself knew. Sometimes living with a 60_ conscience is punishment enough.
【语篇导读】文章讲述作者在黑板上写名字,害怕老师发现,就采用各种方法清除。最后擦掉了名字却留下了痕迹,让作者一直心有愧疚。

41.

Auseful

Bfun

Cstupid

Dnecessary


42.

Aasleep

Binside

Coutside

Dpresent


43.

Ablackboard

Bbook

Cdesk

Dfloor


44.

Aexist

Bknow

Claugh

Drefuse


45.

Acloth

Bwood

Cpaper

Dchalk


46.

Ainvited

Bwelcomed

Cguided

Djoined


47.

Afollowed

Bpraised

Ccaught

Daffected


48.

Aaddress

Bclass

Cname

Ddream


49.

Auntil

Bbefore

Cafter

Dsince
【分值】1.5

50.

Abucket

Bknife

Ceraser

Dbox

51.

ANothing

BEverything

CAnything

Dsomething

52.

Aproudly

Bhopefully

Chardly

Dcarefully


53.

Aweak

Bsmooth

Cinjured

Dbare
【分值】1.5

54.

Achanged

Bremained

Chid

Dlost


55.

Abroke down

Btook off

Ccame off

Dslowed down
【分值】1.5

56.

Aaccepted

Bnoticed

Ctolerated

Dused

57.

Aagreed

Bhurried

Cfailed

Dremembered


58.

Astill

Bhardly

Cnever

Dsometimes

59.

Atrue

Btypical

Cimportant

Ddifferent


60.

Aclear

Bsocial

Cguilty

Dgood

分值: 30分 查看题目解析 >
1

Swedish businessman Nile Bergqvist is delighted with his new hotel, the world’s first igloo(冰屋) hotel.

61bd_blank (build) in a small town, it has been attracting lots of visitors but soon the fun will be over. In two weeks’ time Bergqvist’s ice creation 62bd_blank (be) nothing more than a pool of water. “ We don’t see it as a big problem,” he says. “ We just look forward to replacing it.”

Bergqvist built his first igloo in 1991 for an art exhibition. It was 63bd_blank successful that he designed the present one, 64_ measures roughly 200 square meters. Six workmen spent more than eight weeks 65_ (pile)1,000 tons of snow onto a wooden base;when the snow froze, the base 66_ (remove).
After their stay, all visitors receive a survival certificate recording their success. 67bd_blank no windows, nowhere to hang clothes and temperatures below 0°C, it may seem more like a survival test 68_ a relaxing hotel break. “It’s great fun,” Bergqvist explains, “As well as 69bd_blank good start in survival training.”
The 70_ (popular)of the igloo is beyond doubt:it is now attracting tourists from all over the world. At least 800 people have stayed at the igloo this season even though there are only 10 rooms.

【语篇导读】Nile Bergqvist和他的冰屋创意。


61.

62.

63.

64.

65.

66.

67.

68.

69.

70.

分值: 15分 查看题目解析 >
1

71.假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中共有10处错误,每句中最多有两处。错误涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。

增加:在缺词处加一个漏词符号(∧),并在其下面写出该加的词。

删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。

修改:在错的词下画一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。

注意:1st,每处错误及其修改均仅限一词;

2nd,只允许修改10处,多者(从第11处起)不计分。

We hear from that you’ll return to the United Kingdom for a holiday soon. All the class will miss you very much during your absent!

分值: 10分 查看题目解析 >
书面表达 本大题共25分。
1

72.假如你是李华,在暑假期间,你与你们学校国际部学生一同前往美国亚特兰大某中学进行为期一周的访问交流活动。你8月1日入住Travel Inn Atlanta 202房间,6日退房。你回家后发现一个中等大小的黑色背包遗失在那里,内有几本参考书,一部白色iPad,一张信用卡和少量现金。请用英文给该酒店的经理写一封信,请他帮忙寻找并寄回。

注意:1st,词数100左右;

2nd,可以适当地增加细节,使行文连贯;

3rd,开头语和结尾已为你写好。

分值: 25分 查看题目解析 >
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