• 英语 2018年高三海南省第三次模拟试题
单选题 本大题共15小题,每小题2分,共30分。在每小题给出的4个选项中,有且只有一项是符合题目要求。
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第一节(共15小题;每小题2分,满分30分)

    阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C和D)中,选出最佳选项。

                                A

        "Shoeless" children are more likely to get to school earlier. leave later and read more. according to a new research by Bournemouth University.

        According to The Telegraph .researchers have observed tens of thousands of children who leave their shoes outside the classroom and found that pupils are more engaged in their lessons. which in turn leads to better academic performance. The research is in line with policies introduced in schools in England where children who go to class shoeless -following the steps of schools in Scandinavia in an effort to improve their academic standards and behavior.

        The study is based on observing and studying tens of thousands of children in over 100 schools in around 25 countries over the last ten years. For decades children in northern Europe have learned with their shoes off because they are left at the school door arrival due to snow.ice or mud.

        And now academics are calling on teachers in England to apply similar "shoeless" policies to give children the best possible chance of performing in their exams. Experts believe having children with no shoes in the classroom improves their learning because it makes them "feel at home" and more relaxed when learning.

        Professor Stephen Heppell. who leads the research at Bournemouth University, said: "Children are much more willing to sit on the floor and relax if they have no shoes on. The last place a child would sit to read is an upright chair and we've found that 95 percent of them actually don't read on a chair at home. When they go on holidays they read lying down. Having conditions in the classroom that are like those at home means that more boys are reading in the classroom. Children also arrive earlier and leave later. which translates into half an hour of extra learning a day on average.”

        Wearing no shoes also means the cleaning bill decreased by 27 percent and schools need to spend less money on furniture because they don't need to buy a chair and a table for every child as they can sit on the floor.

In the classroom. shoeless kids were found to be more              .

Aabsent-minded

Bpolite

Cfocused

Drestless

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                                A

        "Shoeless" children are more likely to get to school earlier. leave later and read more. according to a new research by Bournemouth University.

        According to The Telegraph .researchers have observed tens of thousands of children who leave their shoes outside the classroom and found that pupils are more engaged in their lessons. which in turn leads to better academic performance. The research is in line with policies introduced in schools in England where children who go to class shoeless -following the steps of schools in Scandinavia in an effort to improve their academic standards and behavior.

        The study is based on observing and studying tens of thousands of children in over 100 schools in around 25 countries over the last ten years. For decades children in northern Europe have learned with their shoes off because they are left at the school door arrival due to snow.ice or mud.

        And now academics are calling on teachers in England to apply similar "shoeless" policies to give children the best possible chance of performing in their exams. Experts believe having children with no shoes in the classroom improves their learning because it makes them "feel at home" and more relaxed when learning.

        Professor Stephen Heppell. who leads the research at Bournemouth University, said: "Children are much more willing to sit on the floor and relax if they have no shoes on. The last place a child would sit to read is an upright chair and we've found that 95 percent of them actually don't read on a chair at home. When they go on holidays they read lying down. Having conditions in the classroom that are like those at home means that more boys are reading in the classroom. Children also arrive earlier and leave later. which translates into half an hour of extra learning a day on average.”

        Wearing no shoes also means the cleaning bill decreased by 27 percent and schools need to spend less money on furniture because they don't need to buy a chair and a table for every child as they can sit on the floor.

What can we conclude from Professor Heppell's words in Paragraph 5?

AChildren learn faster in an upright sitting position.

BClassrooms should have their conditions improved.

CHabits formed at an early age are rarely changed.

DChildren naturally prefer to read in a relaxed position.

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                                A

        "Shoeless" children are more likely to get to school earlier. leave later and read more. according to a new research by Bournemouth University.

        According to The Telegraph .researchers have observed tens of thousands of children who leave their shoes outside the classroom and found that pupils are more engaged in their lessons. which in turn leads to better academic performance. The research is in line with policies introduced in schools in England where children who go to class shoeless -following the steps of schools in Scandinavia in an effort to improve their academic standards and behavior.

        The study is based on observing and studying tens of thousands of children in over 100 schools in around 25 countries over the last ten years. For decades children in northern Europe have learned with their shoes off because they are left at the school door arrival due to snow.ice or mud.

        And now academics are calling on teachers in England to apply similar "shoeless" policies to give children the best possible chance of performing in their exams. Experts believe having children with no shoes in the classroom improves their learning because it makes them "feel at home" and more relaxed when learning.

        Professor Stephen Heppell. who leads the research at Bournemouth University, said: "Children are much more willing to sit on the floor and relax if they have no shoes on. The last place a child would sit to read is an upright chair and we've found that 95 percent of them actually don't read on a chair at home. When they go on holidays they read lying down. Having conditions in the classroom that are like those at home means that more boys are reading in the classroom. Children also arrive earlier and leave later. which translates into half an hour of extra learning a day on average.”

        Wearing no shoes also means the cleaning bill decreased by 27 percent and schools need to spend less money on furniture because they don't need to buy a chair and a table for every child as they can sit on the floor.

Why do children in northern Europe go to class shoeless?

AThey have to he barefoot for their family conditions.

BThey follow the customs front their ancestors.

CThey feel more comfortable without shoes

DThey have to leave the muddy shoes outside the classrooms.

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                                A

        "Shoeless" children are more likely to get to school earlier. leave later and read more. according to a new research by Bournemouth University.

        According to The Telegraph .researchers have observed tens of thousands of children who leave their shoes outside the classroom and found that pupils are more engaged in their lessons. which in turn leads to better academic performance. The research is in line with policies introduced in schools in England where children who go to class shoeless -following the steps of schools in Scandinavia in an effort to improve their academic standards and behavior.

        The study is based on observing and studying tens of thousands of children in over 100 schools in around 25 countries over the last ten years. For decades children in northern Europe have learned with their shoes off because they are left at the school door arrival due to snow.ice or mud.

        And now academics are calling on teachers in England to apply similar "shoeless" policies to give children the best possible chance of performing in their exams. Experts believe having children with no shoes in the classroom improves their learning because it makes them "feel at home" and more relaxed when learning.

        Professor Stephen Heppell. who leads the research at Bournemouth University, said: "Children are much more willing to sit on the floor and relax if they have no shoes on. The last place a child would sit to read is an upright chair and we've found that 95 percent of them actually don't read on a chair at home. When they go on holidays they read lying down. Having conditions in the classroom that are like those at home means that more boys are reading in the classroom. Children also arrive earlier and leave later. which translates into half an hour of extra learning a day on average.”

        Wearing no shoes also means the cleaning bill decreased by 27 percent and schools need to spend less money on furniture because they don't need to buy a chair and a table for every child as they can sit on the floor.

What could he the best title for the text?

APolicies help schools cut down on spending

BShoeless children do better at school

C"Shoeless" policies benefit kids in England$来&源:ziyuanku.com

DGood behavior pays off in the end

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                                B

        I was talking with a friend not long ago who mentioned he was taking his children to Paris for the summer vacation, and the only thing I could think of was how grateful I was that my father never did that for me. Our vacations were spent 50 miles south of our home in Indiana, at Lane’s Camping Retreat.

        The campground had two lakes: one for fishing, the other for swimming. The swimming lake had a diving board about 300 feet high, and every year some kid made his way to the end of the board and then froze with fear. We’d run to the camp store and fetch Mr. Lane, who would walk down to the lake and yell at the kid to jump. But he never would. So Mr. Lane would climb the ladder, throw the kid over his shoulder, and climb back down.

        One year, our dad bought a tractor inner tube, which amazed us---we had begged him for years for something to float on, and he had resisted, saying it would cause wild excitement and we would drown. Then, unexpectedly, he bought the tube, which lasted several minutes before it broke and sank while my brother was on it. He would have drowned, except he was five feet tall and the water was only three feet deep, so he just stood up and walked to shore.

        After supper, we would sleep with the tent windows rolled up and Dad telling ghost stories. The raccoons(浣熊)would come out from the woods and move around the campfire, eating the spilled(散落的)pie filling.

        “What’s that?” Dad would ask. “Someone’s out there. Can you hear them?”

        We would pull our sleeping bags over our heads and dream of serial killers, then awaken to the sound of birdsong.

        Though I have never been to Paris, I can’t for the life of me consider myself deprived(被剥夺的).

What happened when the author’s brother floated on the water?

AHe fell into the lake.

BHe was hurt by the tube.

CHe ran wild for several minutes.

DHe drowned due to the excitement.

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                                B

        I was talking with a friend not long ago who mentioned he was taking his children to Paris for the summer vacation, and the only thing I could think of was how grateful I was that my father never did that for me. Our vacations were spent 50 miles south of our home in Indiana, at Lane’s Camping Retreat.

        The campground had two lakes: one for fishing, the other for swimming. The swimming lake had a diving board about 300 feet high, and every year some kid made his way to the end of the board and then froze with fear. We’d run to the camp store and fetch Mr. Lane, who would walk down to the lake and yell at the kid to jump. But he never would. So Mr. Lane would climb the ladder, throw the kid over his shoulder, and climb back down.

        One year, our dad bought a tractor inner tube, which amazed us---we had begged him for years for something to float on, and he had resisted, saying it would cause wild excitement and we would drown. Then, unexpectedly, he bought the tube, which lasted several minutes before it broke and sank while my brother was on it. He would have drowned, except he was five feet tall and the water was only three feet deep, so he just stood up and walked to shore.

        After supper, we would sleep with the tent windows rolled up and Dad telling ghost stories. The raccoons(浣熊)would come out from the woods and move around the campfire, eating the spilled(散落的)pie filling.

        “What’s that?” Dad would ask. “Someone’s out there. Can you hear them?”

        We would pull our sleeping bags over our heads and dream of serial killers, then awaken to the sound of birdsong.

        Though I have never been to Paris, I can’t for the life of me consider myself deprived(被剥夺的).

How did the author feel about his friend’s summer trip?

AIt was tiring.

BIt was boring.

CIt was costly.

DIt was admirable.

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                                B

        I was talking with a friend not long ago who mentioned he was taking his children to Paris for the summer vacation, and the only thing I could think of was how grateful I was that my father never did that for me. Our vacations were spent 50 miles south of our home in Indiana, at Lane’s Camping Retreat.

        The campground had two lakes: one for fishing, the other for swimming. The swimming lake had a diving board about 300 feet high, and every year some kid made his way to the end of the board and then froze with fear. We’d run to the camp store and fetch Mr. Lane, who would walk down to the lake and yell at the kid to jump. But he never would. So Mr. Lane would climb the ladder, throw the kid over his shoulder, and climb back down.

        One year, our dad bought a tractor inner tube, which amazed us---we had begged him for years for something to float on, and he had resisted, saying it would cause wild excitement and we would drown. Then, unexpectedly, he bought the tube, which lasted several minutes before it broke and sank while my brother was on it. He would have drowned, except he was five feet tall and the water was only three feet deep, so he just stood up and walked to shore.

        After supper, we would sleep with the tent windows rolled up and Dad telling ghost stories. The raccoons(浣熊)would come out from the woods and move around the campfire, eating the spilled(散落的)pie filling.

        “What’s that?” Dad would ask. “Someone’s out there. Can you hear them?”

        We would pull our sleeping bags over our heads and dream of serial killers, then awaken to the sound of birdsong.

        Though I have never been to Paris, I can’t for the life of me consider myself deprived(被剥夺的).

Why did Mr. Lane come to the swimming lake?

ATo punish the naughty kid.

BTo guarantee the kid’s safety.

CTo teach the kids swimming skills.

DTo help the kids overcome their fear of diving.

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                                B

        I was talking with a friend not long ago who mentioned he was taking his children to Paris for the summer vacation, and the only thing I could think of was how grateful I was that my father never did that for me. Our vacations were spent 50 miles south of our home in Indiana, at Lane’s Camping Retreat.

        The campground had two lakes: one for fishing, the other for swimming. The swimming lake had a diving board about 300 feet high, and every year some kid made his way to the end of the board and then froze with fear. We’d run to the camp store and fetch Mr. Lane, who would walk down to the lake and yell at the kid to jump. But he never would. So Mr. Lane would climb the ladder, throw the kid over his shoulder, and climb back down.

        One year, our dad bought a tractor inner tube, which amazed us---we had begged him for years for something to float on, and he had resisted, saying it would cause wild excitement and we would drown. Then, unexpectedly, he bought the tube, which lasted several minutes before it broke and sank while my brother was on it. He would have drowned, except he was five feet tall and the water was only three feet deep, so he just stood up and walked to shore.

        After supper, we would sleep with the tent windows rolled up and Dad telling ghost stories. The raccoons(浣熊)would come out from the woods and move around the campfire, eating the spilled(散落的)pie filling.

        “What’s that?” Dad would ask. “Someone’s out there. Can you hear them?”

        We would pull our sleeping bags over our heads and dream of serial killers, then awaken to the sound of birdsong.

        Though I have never been to Paris, I can’t for the life of me consider myself deprived(被剥夺的).

For what reason did the kids pull their sleeping bags over their heads?

AThey wanted to drive the raccoons away.

BThey were frightened.

CThey found the campfire unbearable.

DThey felt very cold

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                                C

        Prosocial behaviors are those intended to help other people. Behaviors that can be described as prosocial include feeling empathy(同感) and concern for others and behaving in ways to help or benefit other people.

        Prosocial behavior has long posed a challenge to social scientists seeking to understand why people engage in helping behaviors that are beneficial to others, but costly to the individual performing the action. Why would people do something that benefits someone else but offers no immediate benefit to the doer?

        Psychologists suggest that there are a number of reasons why people engage in prosocial behavior. In many cases, such behaviors are fostered during childhood and adolescence as adults encourage children to share, act kindly, and help others. Prosocial behaviors are often seen as being compelled by a number of factors including egoistic reasons (doing things to improve one's self-image), reciprocal benefits (doing something nice for someone so that they may one day return the favor), and more altruistic reasons (performing actions purely out of empathy for another individual).

        Characteristics of the situation can also have a powerful impact on whether or not people engage in prosocial actions. The bystander effect is one of the most notable examples of how the situation can impact helping behaviors. The bystander effect refers to the tendency for people to become less likely to assist a person in distress when there are a number of other people also present. For example, if you drop your purse and several items fall out on the ground, the likelihood that someone will stop and help you decreases if there are many other people present. This same sort of thing can happen in cases where someone is in serious danger, such as when someone is involved in a car accident. In some cases, witnesses might assume that since there are so many other people present, someone else will have surely already called for help.

        Why do people help in some situations but not in others? Experts have discovered a number of different situational variables that contribute to (and sometimes interfere with) prosocial behaviors. First, the more people that are present decreases the amount of personal responsibility people feel in a situation. People also tend to look to others for how to respond in such situations, particularly if the event contains some level of ambiguity. Fear of being judged by other members of the group also plays a role. People sometimes fear leaping to assistance, only to discover that their help was unwanted or unwarranted. In order to avoid being judged by other bystanders, people simply take no action.

        Experts have suggested that some key things must happen in order for a person to take action.

Which situation can be described as the bystander effect?

AWhen hearing an injured lady crying for help, the neighbors didn’t take action.

BOn the scene of your colleague’s traffic accident, you called the police for help

CA woman was to give birth on the train and you were the only doctor there.

DSeeing an old man slipping on the icy road, many people volunteered to help.

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                                C

        Prosocial behaviors are those intended to help other people. Behaviors that can be described as prosocial include feeling empathy(同感) and concern for others and behaving in ways to help or benefit other people.

        Prosocial behavior has long posed a challenge to social scientists seeking to understand why people engage in helping behaviors that are beneficial to others, but costly to the individual performing the action. Why would people do something that benefits someone else but offers no immediate benefit to the doer?

        Psychologists suggest that there are a number of reasons why people engage in prosocial behavior. In many cases, such behaviors are fostered during childhood and adolescence as adults encourage children to share, act kindly, and help others. Prosocial behaviors are often seen as being compelled by a number of factors including egoistic reasons (doing things to improve one's self-image), reciprocal benefits (doing something nice for someone so that they may one day return the favor), and more altruistic reasons (performing actions purely out of empathy for another individual).

        Characteristics of the situation can also have a powerful impact on whether or not people engage in prosocial actions. The bystander effect is one of the most notable examples of how the situation can impact helping behaviors. The bystander effect refers to the tendency for people to become less likely to assist a person in distress when there are a number of other people also present. For example, if you drop your purse and several items fall out on the ground, the likelihood that someone will stop and help you decreases if there are many other people present. This same sort of thing can happen in cases where someone is in serious danger, such as when someone is involved in a car accident. In some cases, witnesses might assume that since there are so many other people present, someone else will have surely already called for help.

        Why do people help in some situations but not in others? Experts have discovered a number of different situational variables that contribute to (and sometimes interfere with) prosocial behaviors. First, the more people that are present decreases the amount of personal responsibility people feel in a situation. People also tend to look to others for how to respond in such situations, particularly if the event contains some level of ambiguity. Fear of being judged by other members of the group also plays a role. People sometimes fear leaping to assistance, only to discover that their help was unwanted or unwarranted. In order to avoid being judged by other bystanders, people simply take no action.

        Experts have suggested that some key things must happen in order for a person to take action.

What does the underlined word “distress” in the fourth paragraph mean?

AA. comfort

Bdespair

Cpeace

Dtrouble

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                                C

        Prosocial behaviors are those intended to help other people. Behaviors that can be described as prosocial include feeling empathy(同感) and concern for others and behaving in ways to help or benefit other people.

        Prosocial behavior has long posed a challenge to social scientists seeking to understand why people engage in helping behaviors that are beneficial to others, but costly to the individual performing the action. Why would people do something that benefits someone else but offers no immediate benefit to the doer?

        Psychologists suggest that there are a number of reasons why people engage in prosocial behavior. In many cases, such behaviors are fostered during childhood and adolescence as adults encourage children to share, act kindly, and help others. Prosocial behaviors are often seen as being compelled by a number of factors including egoistic reasons (doing things to improve one's self-image), reciprocal benefits (doing something nice for someone so that they may one day return the favor), and more altruistic reasons (performing actions purely out of empathy for another individual).

        Characteristics of the situation can also have a powerful impact on whether or not people engage in prosocial actions. The bystander effect is one of the most notable examples of how the situation can impact helping behaviors. The bystander effect refers to the tendency for people to become less likely to assist a person in distress when there are a number of other people also present. For example, if you drop your purse and several items fall out on the ground, the likelihood that someone will stop and help you decreases if there are many other people present. This same sort of thing can happen in cases where someone is in serious danger, such as when someone is involved in a car accident. In some cases, witnesses might assume that since there are so many other people present, someone else will have surely already called for help.

        Why do people help in some situations but not in others? Experts have discovered a number of different situational variables that contribute to (and sometimes interfere with) prosocial behaviors. First, the more people that are present decreases the amount of personal responsibility people feel in a situation. People also tend to look to others for how to respond in such situations, particularly if the event contains some level of ambiguity. Fear of being judged by other members of the group also plays a role. People sometimes fear leaping to assistance, only to discover that their help was unwanted or unwarranted. In order to avoid being judged by other bystanders, people simply take no action.

        Experts have suggested that some key things must happen in order for a person to take action.

Prosocial behaviors are motivated for all the following reasons EXCEPT ________.

Athe desire to better one’s self-image

Binstant benefits of helping others

Cparental influences in the early life

Dempathy for another individual

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                                C

        Prosocial behaviors are those intended to help other people. Behaviors that can be described as prosocial include feeling empathy(同感) and concern for others and behaving in ways to help or benefit other people.

        Prosocial behavior has long posed a challenge to social scientists seeking to understand why people engage in helping behaviors that are beneficial to others, but costly to the individual performing the action. Why would people do something that benefits someone else but offers no immediate benefit to the doer?

        Psychologists suggest that there are a number of reasons why people engage in prosocial behavior. In many cases, such behaviors are fostered during childhood and adolescence as adults encourage children to share, act kindly, and help others. Prosocial behaviors are often seen as being compelled by a number of factors including egoistic reasons (doing things to improve one's self-image), reciprocal benefits (doing something nice for someone so that they may one day return the favor), and more altruistic reasons (performing actions purely out of empathy for another individual).

        Characteristics of the situation can also have a powerful impact on whether or not people engage in prosocial actions. The bystander effect is one of the most notable examples of how the situation can impact helping behaviors. The bystander effect refers to the tendency for people to become less likely to assist a person in distress when there are a number of other people also present. For example, if you drop your purse and several items fall out on the ground, the likelihood that someone will stop and help you decreases if there are many other people present. This same sort of thing can happen in cases where someone is in serious danger, such as when someone is involved in a car accident. In some cases, witnesses might assume that since there are so many other people present, someone else will have surely already called for help.

        Why do people help in some situations but not in others? Experts have discovered a number of different situational variables that contribute to (and sometimes interfere with) prosocial behaviors. First, the more people that are present decreases the amount of personal responsibility people feel in a situation. People also tend to look to others for how to respond in such situations, particularly if the event contains some level of ambiguity. Fear of being judged by other members of the group also plays a role. People sometimes fear leaping to assistance, only to discover that their help was unwanted or unwarranted. In order to avoid being judged by other bystanders, people simply take no action.

        Experts have suggested that some key things must happen in order for a person to take action.

After the last paragraph, the most possible topic could be ________.

Asituational influences on prosocial behavior

Bvarious reasons for prosocial behavior

Cpossible benefits of prosocial behavior

Dskills and knowledge to provide assistance

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                                D

        In many countries, schools have long summer holidays, with shorter holidays in between. However, a new report suggests shortening school holidays to stop children forgetting what they have learnt during the long summer break. Instead of three school terms, it says, there should be five eight-week terms. And there should be just four weeks off in the summer, with a two-week break between the other terms.

        Sonia Montero has two children at primary school and works full-time. She supports the idea. “The kids,” she says, “have much longer holidays than me and I can’t afford to take several weeks off work, so I need someone to take care of them. But nobody wants the work in the summer months — they all have holidays of their own.”

        Not surprisingly, some young people disagree. Student Jason Panos says “It’s a stupid idea. I would hate staying at school in the summer. It’s unfair, too. The people who suggest this had long school holidays when they were young, but now they want to stop us enjoying the summer. The kids in Spain and America have much longer holidays than here, but they don’t forget everything they’ve learnt in a few months.”

        Nadia Salib agrees. “Sure,” she says, “the first week at school after the summer is never easy, but you soon get back into it. The real problem round here is that kids get bored after so many weeks out of school, and then some of them start causing trouble. But the answer is to give them something to do, not make everyone stay in school longer.”

What does Nadia say about young people on summer holidays?

AThey need something to do to enrich themselves.

BLong holidays are very bad for their education.

CThey would like to spend more time at school.

DLong holidays should be shortened to stop them causing trouble.

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                                D

        In many countries, schools have long summer holidays, with shorter holidays in between. However, a new report suggests shortening school holidays to stop children forgetting what they have learnt during the long summer break. Instead of three school terms, it says, there should be five eight-week terms. And there should be just four weeks off in the summer, with a two-week break between the other terms.

        Sonia Montero has two children at primary school and works full-time. She supports the idea. “The kids,” she says, “have much longer holidays than me and I can’t afford to take several weeks off work, so I need someone to take care of them. But nobody wants the work in the summer months — they all have holidays of their own.”

        Not surprisingly, some young people disagree. Student Jason Panos says “It’s a stupid idea. I would hate staying at school in the summer. It’s unfair, too. The people who suggest this had long school holidays when they were young, but now they want to stop us enjoying the summer. The kids in Spain and America have much longer holidays than here, but they don’t forget everything they’ve learnt in a few months.”

        Nadia Salib agrees. “Sure,” she says, “the first week at school after the summer is never easy, but you soon get back into it. The real problem round here is that kids get bored after so many weeks out of school, and then some of them start causing trouble. But the answer is to give them something to do, not make everyone stay in school longer.”

What does Jason say about long summer holidays?

AThese days many older people have them too.

BSchools in other countries don’t have them.

CThey can help children forget about school. ziyuanku.com

DThey have little influence on children’s education.

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                                D

        In many countries, schools have long summer holidays, with shorter holidays in between. However, a new report suggests shortening school holidays to stop children forgetting what they have learnt during the long summer break. Instead of three school terms, it says, there should be five eight-week terms. And there should be just four weeks off in the summer, with a two-week break between the other terms.

        Sonia Montero has two children at primary school and works full-time. She supports the idea. “The kids,” she says, “have much longer holidays than me and I can’t afford to take several weeks off work, so I need someone to take care of them. But nobody wants the work in the summer months — they all have holidays of their own.”

        Not surprisingly, some young people disagree. Student Jason Panos says “It’s a stupid idea. I would hate staying at school in the summer. It’s unfair, too. The people who suggest this had long school holidays when they were young, but now they want to stop us enjoying the summer. The kids in Spain and America have much longer holidays than here, but they don’t forget everything they’ve learnt in a few months.”

        Nadia Salib agrees. “Sure,” she says, “the first week at school after the summer is never easy, but you soon get back into it. The real problem round here is that kids get bored after so many weeks out of school, and then some of them start causing trouble. But the answer is to give them something to do, not make everyone stay in school longer.”

Why is Sonia in support of shorter school holidays?

A.She can’t afford to pay someone to look after her children.

BShe is worried that her children will forget what they’ve learnt.

CShe doesn’t get any summer holidays in her job

DD. She can’t get anyone to look after her children in summer.

分值: 2分 查看题目解析 >
填空题 本大题共5小题,每小题10分,共50分。把答案填写在题中横线上。
1

第二节(共5小题;每小题2分,满分10分)

    根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余选项。

Thank You Notes: The Essential Life Lessons

        There is no greater gift for any of us to give our friends and family than the gift of gratitude.   36   Take a quiet moment to think about the blessings of the season and write a thank you note to everyone who made it special for you. There are some life lessons from thank you notes.

           37   Even a child can make some lines on paper, help pick out a pretty stamp, and lick the envelope. This helps create a sense of ownership, confidence, and contribution.

        Thank you notes strengthen communication skills. Wherever you are, no skill matters more than the ability to communicate clearly and sincerely. It conveys reliability, confidence and thoughtfulness.   38

        Thank you notes remind you about what matters.   39   But when we write a thank you note we have to locate within ourselves some way to be grateful and find some way to express it. We do not find happiness in what we get. We find happiness in being grateful for what we have.

           40   Not, “Thank you for the sweater. It is cool.” but “Thanks for the sweater!” Not, “Thanks for the game,” but “We had a blast playing that game.”

        I think you will soon discover that the more thank you notes you send, the more you become aware of how much there is to be grateful for, and how good it feels to let people know you appreciate them.

       A. And that can begin with thank you notes.

       B. There is noother way to convey this message.

       C. Everyone canwrite a thank you note.

       D. Thank younotes must have specific details.

       E. Maybe the giftwas thoughtless.

       F. You can evenwrite to people you do not know.

       G. Those are the qualities that inspire people to trust andrespect you.

分值: 10分 查看题目解析 >
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第一节  完形填空(共20小题;每小题1. 5分,满分30分)

    阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的四个选项(A、B、C和D)中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。

        I grew up in Trenton,a west Tennessee town of only 5 thousand people.I have 41 memories of those first eighteen years,and many people in Trenton influenced my life in very 42 ways.My football coach,Walter Kilzer, taught me the 43 of hard work.My history teacher,Fred Culp,taught me that a sense of humor was one of life's greatest 44 .

        But my father was my hero.He taught me many things,but at the 45 of the list,he taught me to treat people with love and 46 .I remember one particular example of him 47 this 'life lesson' as if it were yesterday.Dad owned a furniture store,and I used to 48 the furniture after school to earn my allowance.One afternoon I 49 my Dad talking to all the customers as they came in.At the end of the day,just as Dad was 50 ,the rubbish collector came in.

        I was 51 to go home,and I thought it 52 that Dad wouldn't spend much time with him,but I was 53 .Dad greeted him with a big hug and talked with him for nearly half an hour.I kept looking at the 54 ,and when the man left,I asked, "Dad,why did you spend so much time with a rubbish collector?" Dad looked at me 55 and said, "Son,I tell you lots of things 56 if you remember nothing else,remember this: treat every human being just the way that you would 57 to be treated.If you live the Golden Rule,everything in life will 58 work out well and your life will be happy and 59 ."Ziyuanku.com

        Many years have passed,but my father's words are still 60 with me.

41. 

    A. vague                 B.bitter       

    C.wonderful            D. early

42. 

    A. simple                 B.interesting        

    C. annoying             D.positive

43. 

    A.importance          B. result               

    C.pain                      D.fun

44.

    A.blessings              B. valuables         

    C.inventions            D. differences

45. 

    A.edge                    B.top                   

    C. bottom               D.foot

46. 

    A. soul                    B.hope               

    C. attention            D.respect

47. 

    A. showing             B.getting             

    C. teaching             D.understanding

48. 

    A.see                      B.push                 

    C.dust                    D.remove

49. 

    A.left                      B.suggested        

    C.observed            D.kept

50. 

    A.closing                B.sleeping           

    C.cooking              D.speaking

51. 

    A. likely                   B.late                  

    C.ready                   D. happy     

52. 

    A. hard                    B.carefully          

    C. again                   D.surely

53. 

    A .disappointed      B.wrong                     

    C.confident             D.hopeless

54. 

    A.collector              B. furniture         

    C.clock                    D.stranger

55. 

    A. coldly                  B.angrily               

    C.kindly                   D.calmly

56. 

    A.but                       B.so                     

    C.as                         D.or

57. 

    A.agree                   B.manage            

    C.leave                    D.like

58. 

    A.only                     B.usually              

    C.possibly               D.slightly

59. 

    A. challenging        B.realistic            

    C.meaningful          D.useful

60. 

    A. going                 B.meeting            

    C. doing                  D.living

分值: 30分 查看题目解析 >
1

第二节(共10个小题,每小题1.5分,满分15分)

    阅读下面材料,根据上下文在空白处填写1个适当的单词或所给单词的正确形式。

        Cultural TV programs have experienced a come-back at the start of the Chinese New Year. Two weeks after the hit show Chinese Poetry Competition, a new program, Readers,has become a nationwide sensation, 61 (inspire) fresh enthusiasm for literature in China.

        The  62   (week) talk show, hosted by the famous TV personality Dong Qing,  63  (invite) people from all walks of life to read aloud poems, essays and book excerpts(节选) they like or wrote. The  64  (participate) in it also share their own life stories explaining the reason 65 particular pieces touched their hearts.

        Three days after its first broadcast on CCTV-1, Readers has enjoyed 66  instant success and struck thousands of people. Through the poetic words, Readers has brought the  67  (lose) habit of reading aloud back into the public spotlight.

        Readers is one of the culture-themed TV programs to restore the country’s passion for literature in recent years.  68  (it) success is very encouraging in today’s television world where reality shows  69  (play) a leading part so far.

          70  more people reflecting on their own reading habits, the question now is: when is the last time you read a poem or book excerpts aloud?

分值: 15分 查看题目解析 >
1

第一节:短文改错(共l0小题,每小题1分,满分10分)

    假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中共有10处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。每处错误涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。

    增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧),并在其下写出该加的词。

    删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。

    修改:在错的同下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。

注意:1每处错误及其修改均仅限一词;

        2只允许修改10处,多者(从第11处起)不计分。

        It seems that if the result is bad, which people work for will be meaningless. Personally speak, the process of fighting for the goal is less important than the result. When we fight for our goals, we will be devoted what we are doing and try to improve us. If we fail in the end, when we look back on the beginning, we will find that we are no longer the childish one. We have grown up. What's the more, in the process of fighting, we got close to success, as the saying goes that failure are the mother of success. So don't treat the result so serious; just enjoy the process.

分值: 10分 查看题目解析 >
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第二节 书面表达 (满分25分)

    假定你是景德镇一中学生会主席李华,你校将举办一次英语演讲比赛,希望景德镇陶瓷大学外籍教师Brown女士来做评委。请参照以下比赛通知给她写一封信。

英语演讲比赛

主题:我心目中的奥运英雄

时间:9月10日下午2:00-5:00

地点:606教室

参赛选手:8名高中学生

联系人:李华

联系方式:Tel-13912345678;  Email-12345678@qq.com

注意:    1可适当增加细节,使结构完整  2词数120左右

词汇:学生会主席 president of Students’ Union

______________________________________________________________________

分值: 25分 查看题目解析 >
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