• 2019年高考真题 英语 (全国II卷)
前去估分
单选题 本大题共20小题,每小题1.5分,共30分。在每小题给出的4个选项中,有且只有一项是符合题目要求。
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1. Where does this conversation take place?

AInA classroom.

BInA hospital.

CInA museum.

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2. What does Jack want to do?

ATake fitness classes.

BBuyA pair of gym shoes.

CChange his work schedule.

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3. WhatAre the speakers talkingAbout?

AWhat to drink.

BWhere to meet.

CWhen to leave.

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4. What is the relationship between the speakers?

AColleagues.

BClassmates.

CStrangers.

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5. Why is Emily mentioned in the conversation?

AShe might wantA ticket.

BShe is looking for the man.

CShe hasAn extra ticket.

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6. How long did James run his business?

A10 years.

B13 years.

C15 years.

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7. How does the woman feelAbout James’ situation?

AEmbarrassed.

BConcerned.

CDisappointed.

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8. What has Kate’s mother decided to do?

AReturn to school.

BChange her job.

CRetire from work.

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9. What did Kate’s mother studyAt college?

AOil painting.

BArt history.

CBusinessAdministration.

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10. What is Kate’sAttitude toward her mother’s decision?

ADisapproving.

BAmbiguous.

CUnderstanding.

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11. What is the man doing?

AChairingA meeting.

BHostingA radio program.

CConductingA job interview.

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12. What benefits Mary most in her job?

AHer wide reading.

BHer leaders’ guidance.

CHer friends’ help.

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13. Who will Mary talkAbout next?

AHer teacher.

BHer father.

CHer mother.

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14. Why does the man seldom do exercise?

AHe lacks motivation.

BHe hasA heart problem.

CHe worksAll the time.

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15. What does Jacob Sattelmair probably do?

AHe’sAnAthlete.

BHe’sA researcher.

CHe’sA journalist.

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16. Why does the woman speak ofA study?

ATo encourage the man.

BTo recommendAn exercise.

CTo support her findings.

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17. How much time will the man probably spend exercising weekly?

A300 minutes.

B150 minute.

C75 minutes.

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18. What did the scientists do to the road?

AThey repaired it.

BThey painted it.

CThey blocked it

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19. WhyAre young birds drawn to the road surface?

AIt’s warm.

BIt’s brown.

CIt’s smooth.

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20. What is the purpose of the scientists’ experiment?

ATo keep the birds there forA whole year.

BTo help students study the birds well.

CTo prevent the birds from being killed.

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简答题(综合题) 本大题共120分。简答应写出文字说明、证明过程或演算步骤。
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A

NeedA Job This Summer?

The provincial governmentAnd its partners offer many programs to help students find summer jobs. The deadlinesAnd what you need toApply depend on the program.

NotA student? Go to the government website to learnAbout programsAnd online toolsAvailable to help people under 30 build skills, findA job or start businessesAll year round.

Jobs for Youth

If youAreA teenager living in certain parts of the province, you could be eligible(符合条件)for this program, which provides eight weeks of paid employmentAlong with training.

Who is eligible: Youth 15—18 years old in select communities(社区).

Summer Company

Summer Company provides students with hands-on business trainingAndAwards of up to $3,000 to startAnd run their own summer businesses.

Who is eligible: StudentsAged 15—29, returning to school in the fall.

Stewardship Youth Ranger Program

You couldApply to beA Stewardship Youth RangerAnd work on local natural resource management projects for eight weeks this summer.

Who is eligible: StudentsAged 16 or 17At time of hire, but not turning 18 before December 31 this year.

Summer Employment Opportunities(机会)

Through the Summer Employment Opportunities program, studentsAre hired each year inA variety of summer positionsAcross the Provincial Public Service, its relatedAgenciesAnd community groups.

Who is eligible: StudentsAged 15 or older. Some positions require students to be 15 to 24 or up to 29 for persons withA disability.

21. What is specialAbout Summer Company?

AIt requires no training before employment.

BIt providesAwards for running new businesses.

CItAllows one to work in the natural environment.

DIt offers more summer job opportunities.

22. What is theAge range required by Stewardship Youth Ranger Program?

A15—18.

B15—24.

C15—29.

D16—17.

23. Which program favors the disabled?

AJobs for Youth.

BSummer Company.

CStewardship Youth Ranger Program.

DSummer Employment Opportunities.

分值: 6分 查看题目解析 >
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B

For Canaan Elementary’s second grade in Patchogue, N.Y.,today is speech day,And right now it’s Chris Palaez’s turn. The 8-year-old is the joker of the class. With shining dark eyes, he seems like the kind of kid who would enjoy public speaking.

But he’s nervous."I’m here to tell you today why you should … should…"Chris trips on the"-ld,"a  pronunciation difficulty for many non-native English speakers. His teacher, Thomas Whaley, is next to him, whispering support."…Vote for …me …"Except for some stumbles, Chris is doingAmazingly well. When he brings his speech toA nice conclusion, Whaley invites the rest of the class to praise him.

A son of immigrants, Chris started learning EnglishA little over three yearsAgo. Whaley recalls(回想起)howAt the beginning of the year, when called upon to read, Chris would excuse himself to go to the bathroom.

Learning EnglishAsA second language can beA painful experience. What you need isA great teacher who lets you make mistakes. "It takesA lot forAny student," Whaley explains, "especially forA student who is learning EnglishAs their new language, to feel confident enough to say, ‘I don’t know,but I want to know.’"

Whaley got the idea of this second-grade presidential campaign project when heAsked the children one day to raise their hands if they thought they could never beA president. TheAnswer broke his heart. Whaley says the project isAbout more than just learning to readAnd speak in public. He wants these kids to learn to boast(夸耀)about themselves.

"BoastingAbout yourself,And your best qualities," Whaley says, "is very difficult forA child who came into the classroom not feeling confident."

24. What made Chris nervous?

ATellingA story.

BMakingA speech.

CTakingA test.

DAnsweringA question.

25. What does the underlined word "stumbles" in paragraph 2 refer to?

AImproper pauses.

BBad manners.

CSpelling mistakes.

DSilly jokes.

26. We can infer that the purpose of Whaley’s project is to _________.

Ahelp students see their own strengths

BAssess students’ public speaking skills

Cprepare students for their future jobs

Dinspire students’ love for politics

27. Which of the following best describes WhaleyAsA teacher?

AHumorous.

BAmbitious.

CCaring.

DDemanding.

分值: 8分 查看题目解析 >
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C

As dataAnd identity theft becomes moreAnd more common, the market is growing for biometric(生物测量)technologies—like fingerprint scans—to keep others out of private e-spaces.At present, these technologiesAre still expensive, though.

Researchers from Georgia Tech say that they have come up withA low-cost device(装置)that getsAround this problem:A smart keyboard. This smart keyboard precisely measures the cadence(节奏)with which one typesAnd the pressure fingersApply to each key. The keyboard could offerA strong layer of security byAnalyzing things like the force ofA user’s typingAnd the time between key presses. These patternsAre unique to each person. Thus, the keyboard can determine people’s identities,And by extension, whether they should be givenAccess to the computer it’s connected to — regardless of whether someone gets the password right.

ItAlso doesn’t requireA new type of technology that peopleAren’tAlready familiar with. Everybody usesA keyboardAnd everybody types differently.

InA study describing the technology, the researchers had 100 volunteers type the word "touch"four times using the smart keyboard. Data collected from the device could be used to recognize different participants based on how they typed, with very low error rates. The researchers say that the keyboard should be pretty straightforward to commercializeAnd is mostly made of inexpensive, plastic-like parts. The team hopes to make it to market in the near future.

28. Why do the researchers develop the smart keyboard?

ATo reduce pressure on keys.

BTo improveAccuracy in typing

CTo replace the password system.

DTo cut the cost of e-space protection.

29. What makes the invention of the smart keyboard possible?

AComputersAre much easier to operate.

BFingerprint scanning techniques develop fast.

CTyping patterns vary from person to person.

DData security measuresAre guaranteed.

30. What do the researchers expect of the smart keyboard?

AIt’ll be environment-friendly.

BIt’ll reach consumers soon.

CIt’ll be made of plastics.

DIt’ll help speed up typing.

31. Where is this text most likely from?

AA diary.

BA guidebook

CA novel.

DA magazine.

分值: 8分 查看题目解析 >
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D

During the rosy years of elementary school(小学), I enjoyed sharing my dollsAnd jokes, whichAllowed me to keep my high social status. I was the queen of the playground. Then came my tweensAnd teens,And mean girlsAnd cool kids. They rose in the ranks not by being friendly but by smoking cigarettes, breaking rulesAnd playing jokes on others,Among whom I soon found myself.

Popularity isA well-explored subject in social psychology. Mitch Prinstein,A professor of clinical psychology sorts the popular into two categories: the likableAnd the status seekers. The likables’ plays-well-with-others qualities strengthen schoolyard friendships, jump-start interpersonal skillsAnd, when tapped early,Are employed everAfter in lifeAnd work. Then there’s the kind of popularity thatAppears inAdolescence: status born of powerAnd even dishonorable behavior.

EnviableAs the cool kids may have seemed, Dr. Prinstein’s studies show unpleasant consequences. Those who were highest in status in high school,As wellAs those least liked in elementary school,Are "most likely to engage(从事)in dangerousAnd risky behavior."

In one study, Dr. Prinstein examined the two types of popularity in 235Adolescents, scoring the least liked, the most likedAnd the highest in status based on student surveys(调查研究). "We found that the least well-liked teens had become moreAggressive over time toward their classmates. But so had those who were high in status. It clearly showed that while likability can lead to healthyAdjustment, high status has just the opposite effect on us."

Dr. Prinstein hasAlso found that the qualities that made the neighbors want you onA play date-sharing, kindness, openness — carry over to later yearsAnd make you betterAble to relateAnd connect with others.

InAnalyzing hisAnd other research,Dr. Prinstein came toAnother conclusion: Not only is likability related to positive life outcomes, but it isAlso responsible for those outcomes, too. "Being liked creates opportunities for learningAnd for new kinds of life experiences that help somebody gainAnAdvantage, " he said.

32. What sort of girl was theAuthor in her early years of elementary school?

AUnkind.

BLonely.

CGenerous.

DCool.

33.What is the second paragraph mainlyAbout?

AThe classification of the popular.

BThe characteristics ofAdolescents.

CThe importance of interpersonal skills.

DThe causes of dishonorable behavior.

34. What did Dr. Prinstein’s study findAbout the most liked kids?

ATheyAppeared to beAggressive.

BThey tended to be moreAdaptable.

CThey enjoyed the highest status.

DThey performed wellAcademically.

35. What is the best title for the text?

ABe Nice—You Won’t Finish Last

BThe Higher the Status, the Better

CBe the Best—You Can Make It

DMore Self-Control, LessAggressiveness

分值: 8分 查看题目解析 >
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根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余选项。Is FreshAir Really Good for You?WeAll grew up hearing people tell us to "go outAnd get some freshAir" .    36 According to recent studies, theAnswer isA big YES, if theAir quality in your campingArea is good.     37      If theAir you’re breathing is clean — which it would be if you’reAway from the smog of cities — then theAir is filled with life-giving, energizing oxygen. If you exercise out of doors, your body will learn to breathe more deeply,Allowing even more oxygen to get to your muscles(肌肉)and your brain.

Recently, people have begun studying the connection between the natural worldAnd healing(治愈).     38     In these places patients can go to be near nature during their recovery. It turns out that just lookingAt green, growing things can reduce stress, lower blood pressure,And put people intoA better mood(情绪). Greenery is good for us. Hospital patients who see tree branches out their windowAre likely to recoverAtA faster rate than patients who see buildings or sky instead.      39      It gives usA great feeling of peace.    40    While the sun’s rays canAgeAnd harm our skin, theyAlso give us beneficial Vitamin D. To make sure you get enough Vitamin D — but still protect your skin — put on sunscreen rightAs you head outside. It takes sunscreenAbout fifteen minutes to start working,And that’s plenty of time for your skin toAbsorbA day’s worth of Vitamin D.A. FreshAir cleans our lungs.   B. So whatAre you waiting for?    C. Being in nature refreshes us.     D.Another side benefit of getting freshAir is sunlight.    E. But is freshAir reallyAs good for youAs your motherAlways said?      F. JustAs importantly, we tend toAssociate freshAir with health care.     G.AllAcross the country, recovery centers have begun building Healing Gardens.

分值: 10分 查看题目解析 >
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Every yearAbout 40,000 peopleAttempt to climb Kilimanjaro, the highest mountain inAfrica. They   41   with them lots of waste. The   42   might damage the beauty of the place. The glaciers(冰川)are disappearing, changing the   43   of Kilimanjaro.   Hearing these stories, I’m   44About the place — other destinationsAre describedAs "purer" natural experiences.    However, I soon   45   that much has changed since the days of disturbing reports of   46Among tons of rubbish. I findA   47   mountain, with toiletsAt campsAndAlong the paths. The environmental challengesAre   48   but the efforts made by the Tanzania National ParkAuthority seem to be   49  .   The best ofA Kilimanjaro   50  , in my opinion, isn’t reaching the top. MountainsAre   51As spiritual places by many cultures. This   52   is especially evident on KilimanjaroAs   53   go through five ecosystems(生态系统)in the space ofA few kilometers.At the base isA rainforest. It endsAbruptlyAt 3, 000 meters,   54   lands of low growing plants. Further up, the weather   55   — low clouds envelope the mountainsides, whichAre covered with thick grass. I   56   twelve shades of green from where I stand.Above 4, 000 meters is the highland   57  : gravel(砾石), stonesAnd rocks.   58   you climb intoAnArctic-like zone with   59   snowAnd the glaciers that may soon disappear.    Does Kilimanjaro   60   its reputationAsA crowded mountain with lines of tourists ruining theAtmosphere of peace? I found the opposite to be true.      41.A. keep                    B. mix                          C. connect                   D. bring 42.A. stories                 B. buildings                 C. crowds                    D. reporters  43.A. position               B.Age                          C. face                        D. name 44.A. silent                   B. skeptical                      C. serious                    D. crazy  45.A. discover        B.Argue                       C. decide                     D.Advocate    46.A. equipment           B. grass                       C. camps                     D. stones 47.A. remote                B. quiet                       C.All                           D. clean   48.A. new                     B. special                     C. significant                    D. necessary    49.A. paying off           B. spreading out           C. blowing up              D. fadingAway    50.A.Atmosphere        B. experience               C. experiment               D. sight   51.A. studied        B. observed                      C. explored                  D. regarded     52.A. view                    B. quality                     C. reason                      D. purpose      53.A. scientists             B. climbers                  C. locals                       D. officials     54.A. holding on to B. going back to           C. living up to              D. giving way to     55.A. changes              B. clears                       C. improves                  D. permits      56.A. match                 B. imagine                   C. count                       D.Add     57.A. village                B. desert                      C. road                         D. lake    58.A. Obviously           B. Easily                      C. Consequently           D. Finally       59.A. permanent           B. little                         C. fresh                            D.Artificial     60.A. enjoy                  B. deserve                    C. save                         D.Acquire

 

分值: 30分 查看题目解析 >
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The polar bear is found in theArctic CircleAnd some big land massesAs far southAs Newfoundland. While theyAre rare north of 88°, there is evidence   61   they rangeAll the wayAcross theArctic,AndAs far southAs James Bay in Canada. It is difficult to figure outA global population of polar bearsAs much of the range has been    62   (poor) studied; however, biologists calculate that thereAreAbout 20,000-25,000 polar bears worldwide.   Modern methods   63   tracking polar bear populations have been employed only since the mid-1980s,AndAre expensive   64   (perform) consistently overA largeArea. In recent years some Inuit people in Nunavut   65   (report) increases in bear sightingsAround human settlements, leading toA   66   (believe) that populationsAre increasing. Scientists have responded by    67   (note) that hungry bears may be congregating(聚集)Around human settlements, leading to the illusion(错觉) that populationsAre   68   (high) than theyActuallyAre. Of   69    nineteen recognized polar bear subpopulations, threeAre declining, six   70   (be) stable, one is increasing,And nine lack enough data.

 

分值: 15分 查看题目解析 >
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第四部分  写作(共两节,满分35分)      第一节  短文改错(共10小题;每小题1分,满分10分) 假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中共有10处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。    增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧),并在其下面写出该加的词。    删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。     修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。       注意:1.每处错误及其修改均仅限一词;     2.只允许修改10处,多者(从第11处起)不计分。   I became interesting in playing football thanks toA smallAccident. OneAfternoon where I was in primary school, I was walking by the school playground. Suddenly football feel just in front of me butAlmost hit me. I stopped the ballAnd kicked it hardly back to the playground. To everyone`s surprising, the ball went into the net.All the football player on the playground cheered loudly, say that I hadA talent for football. From now on, I started to play my football with classmatesAfter school. IAmA good player now.      第二节  书面表达(满分25分)      假定你是李华,暑假在伦敦学习,得知当地美术馆要举办中国画展。请写一封信申请做志愿者,内容包括:       1.写信目的:     2.个人优势:     3.能做的事情。  注意:    1.词数100左右;     2.可以适当增加细节,以使行文连贯;  3.结束语已为你写好。

分值: 35分 查看题目解析 >
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