1. Where does this conversation take place?
2. What does Jack want to do?
5. Why is Emily mentioned in the conversation?
6. How long did James run his business?
7. How does the woman feelAbout James’ situation?
8. What has Kate’s mother decided to do?
3. WhatAre the speakers talkingAbout?
4. What is the relationship between the speakers?
9. What did Kate’s mother studyAt college?
10. What is Kate’sAttitude toward her mother’s decision?
12. What benefits Mary most in her job?
14. Why does the man seldom do exercise?
16. Why does the woman speak ofA study?
17. How much time will the man probably spend exercising weekly?
18. What did the scientists do to the road?
11. What is the man doing?
13. Who will Mary talkAbout next?
15. What does Jacob Sattelmair probably do?
19. WhyAre young birds drawn to the road surface?
20. What is the purpose of the scientists’ experiment?
NeedA Job This Summer?
The provincial governmentAnd its partners offer many programs to help students find summer jobs. The deadlinesAnd what you need toApply depend on the program.
NotA student? Go to the government website to learnAbout programsAnd online toolsAvailable to help people under 30 build skills, findA job or start businessesAll year round.
Jobs for Youth
If youAreA teenager living in certain parts of the province, you could be eligible（符合条件）for this program, which provides eight weeks of paid employmentAlong with training.
Who is eligible: Youth 15—18 years old in select communities（社区）.
Summer Company provides students with hands-on business trainingAndAwards of up to $3,000 to startAnd run their own summer businesses.
Who is eligible: StudentsAged 15—29, returning to school in the fall.
Stewardship Youth Ranger Program
You couldApply to beA Stewardship Youth RangerAnd work on local natural resource management projects for eight weeks this summer.
Who is eligible: StudentsAged 16 or 17At time of hire, but not turning 18 before December 31 this year.
Summer Employment Opportunities（机会）
Through the Summer Employment Opportunities program, studentsAre hired each year inA variety of summer positionsAcross the Provincial Public Service, its relatedAgenciesAnd community groups.
Who is eligible: StudentsAged 15 or older. Some positions require students to be 15 to 24 or up to 29 for persons withA disability.
21. What is specialAbout Summer Company?
22. What is theAge range required by Stewardship Youth Ranger Program?
23. Which program favors the disabled?
As dataAnd identity theft becomes moreAnd more common, the market is growing for biometric（生物测量）technologies—like fingerprint scans—to keep others out of private e-spaces.At present, these technologiesAre still expensive, though.
Researchers from Georgia Tech say that they have come up withA low-cost device（装置）that getsAround this problem:A smart keyboard. This smart keyboard precisely measures the cadence（节奏）with which one typesAnd the pressure fingersApply to each key. The keyboard could offerA strong layer of security byAnalyzing things like the force ofA user’s typingAnd the time between key presses. These patternsAre unique to each person. Thus, the keyboard can determine people’s identities,And by extension, whether they should be givenAccess to the computer it’s connected to — regardless of whether someone gets the password right.
ItAlso doesn’t requireA new type of technology that peopleAren’tAlready familiar with. Everybody usesA keyboardAnd everybody types differently.
InA study describing the technology, the researchers had 100 volunteers type the word ＂touch＂four times using the smart keyboard. Data collected from the device could be used to recognize different participants based on how they typed, with very low error rates. The researchers say that the keyboard should be pretty straightforward to commercializeAnd is mostly made of inexpensive, plastic-like parts. The team hopes to make it to market in the near future.
28. Why do the researchers develop the smart keyboard?
29. What makes the invention of the smart keyboard possible?
30. What do the researchers expect of the smart keyboard?
31. Where is this text most likely from?
根据短文内容，从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余选项。Is FreshAir Really Good for You?WeAll grew up hearing people tell us to ＂go outAnd get some freshAir＂ . 36 According to recent studies, theAnswer isA big YES, if theAir quality in your campingArea is good. 37 If theAir you’re breathing is clean — which it would be if you’reAway from the smog of cities — then theAir is filled with life-giving, energizing oxygen. If you exercise out of doors, your body will learn to breathe more deeply,Allowing even more oxygen to get to your muscles（肌肉）and your brain.
Recently, people have begun studying the connection between the natural worldAnd healing（治愈）. 38 In these places patients can go to be near nature during their recovery. It turns out that just lookingAt green, growing things can reduce stress, lower blood pressure,And put people intoA better mood（情绪）. Greenery is good for us. Hospital patients who see tree branches out their windowAre likely to recoverAtA faster rate than patients who see buildings or sky instead. 39 It gives usA great feeling of peace. 40 While the sun’s rays canAgeAnd harm our skin, theyAlso give us beneficial Vitamin D. To make sure you get enough Vitamin D — but still protect your skin — put on sunscreen rightAs you head outside. It takes sunscreenAbout fifteen minutes to start working,And that’s plenty of time for your skin toAbsorbA day’s worth of Vitamin D.A. FreshAir cleans our lungs. B. So whatAre you waiting for? C. Being in nature refreshes us. D.Another side benefit of getting freshAir is sunlight. E. But is freshAir reallyAs good for youAs your motherAlways said? F. JustAs importantly, we tend toAssociate freshAir with health care. G.AllAcross the country, recovery centers have begun building Healing Gardens.
The polar bear is found in theArctic CircleAnd some big land massesAs far southAs Newfoundland. While theyAre rare north of 88°, there is evidence 61 they rangeAll the wayAcross theArctic,AndAs far southAs James Bay in Canada. It is difficult to figure outA global population of polar bearsAs much of the range has been 62 (poor) studied; however, biologists calculate that thereAreAbout 20,000-25,000 polar bears worldwide. Modern methods 63 tracking polar bear populations have been employed only since the mid-1980s,AndAre expensive 64 (perform) consistently overA largeArea. In recent years some Inuit people in Nunavut 65 (report) increases in bear sightingsAround human settlements, leading toA 66 (believe) that populationsAre increasing. Scientists have responded by 67 (note) that hungry bears may be congregating(聚集)Around human settlements, leading to the illusion(错觉) that populationsAre 68 (high) than theyActuallyAre. Of 69 nineteen recognized polar bear subpopulations, threeAre declining, six 70 (be) stable, one is increasing,And nine lack enough data.
第四部分 写作（共两节，满分35分） 第一节 短文改错（共10小题；每小题1分，满分10分） 假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文，请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中共有10处语言错误，每句中最多有两处。每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。 增加：在缺词处加一个漏字符号（∧），并在其下面写出该加的词。 删除：把多余的词用斜线（\）划掉。 修改：在错的词下划一横线，并在该词下面写出修改后的词。 注意：1．每处错误及其修改均仅限一词； 2．只允许修改10处，多者（从第11处起）不计分。 I became interesting in playing football thanks toA smallAccident. OneAfternoon where I was in primary school, I was walking by the school playground. Suddenly football feel just in front of me butAlmost hit me. I stopped the ballAnd kicked it hardly back to the playground. To everyone`s surprising, the ball went into the net.All the football player on the playground cheered loudly, say that I hadA talent for football. From now on, I started to play my football with classmatesAfter school. IAmA good player now. 第二节 书面表达（满分25分） 假定你是李华，暑假在伦敦学习，得知当地美术馆要举办中国画展。请写一封信申请做志愿者，内容包括： 1．写信目的： 2．个人优势： 3．能做的事情。 注意： 1．词数100左右； 2．可以适当增加细节，以使行文连贯； 3．结束语已为你写好。
For Canaan Elementary’s second grade in Patchogue, N.Y.，today is speech day,And right now it’s Chris Palaez’s turn. The 8-year-old is the joker of the class. With shining dark eyes, he seems like the kind of kid who would enjoy public speaking.
But he’s nervous.＂I’m here to tell you today why you should … should…＂Chris trips on the＂-ld,＂a pronunciation difficulty for many non-native English speakers. His teacher, Thomas Whaley, is next to him, whispering support.＂…Vote for …me …＂Except for some stumbles, Chris is doingAmazingly well. When he brings his speech toA nice conclusion, Whaley invites the rest of the class to praise him.
A son of immigrants, Chris started learning EnglishA little over three yearsAgo. Whaley recalls（回想起）howAt the beginning of the year, when called upon to read, Chris would excuse himself to go to the bathroom.
Learning EnglishAsA second language can beA painful experience. What you need isA great teacher who lets you make mistakes. ＂It takesA lot forAny student,＂ Whaley explains, ＂especially forA student who is learning EnglishAs their new language, to feel confident enough to say, ‘I don’t know，but I want to know.’＂
Whaley got the idea of this second-grade presidential campaign project when heAsked the children one day to raise their hands if they thought they could never beA president. TheAnswer broke his heart. Whaley says the project isAbout more than just learning to readAnd speak in public. He wants these kids to learn to boast（夸耀）about themselves.
＂BoastingAbout yourself,And your best qualities,＂ Whaley says, ＂is very difficult forA child who came into the classroom not feeling confident.＂
24. What made Chris nervous？
25. What does the underlined word ＂stumbles＂ in paragraph 2 refer to?
26. We can infer that the purpose of Whaley’s project is to _________.
27. Which of the following best describes WhaleyAsA teacher?
During the rosy years of elementary school（小学）, I enjoyed sharing my dollsAnd jokes, whichAllowed me to keep my high social status. I was the queen of the playground. Then came my tweensAnd teens,And mean girlsAnd cool kids. They rose in the ranks not by being friendly but by smoking cigarettes, breaking rulesAnd playing jokes on others,Among whom I soon found myself.
Popularity isA well-explored subject in social psychology. Mitch Prinstein,A professor of clinical psychology sorts the popular into two categories: the likableAnd the status seekers. The likables’ plays-well-with-others qualities strengthen schoolyard friendships, jump-start interpersonal skillsAnd, when tapped early,Are employed everAfter in lifeAnd work. Then there’s the kind of popularity thatAppears inAdolescence: status born of powerAnd even dishonorable behavior.
EnviableAs the cool kids may have seemed, Dr. Prinstein’s studies show unpleasant consequences. Those who were highest in status in high school,As wellAs those least liked in elementary school,Are ＂most likely to engage（从事）in dangerousAnd risky behavior.＂
In one study, Dr. Prinstein examined the two types of popularity in 235Adolescents, scoring the least liked, the most likedAnd the highest in status based on student surveys（调查研究）. ＂We found that the least well-liked teens had become moreAggressive over time toward their classmates. But so had those who were high in status. It clearly showed that while likability can lead to healthyAdjustment, high status has just the opposite effect on us."
Dr. Prinstein hasAlso found that the qualities that made the neighbors want you onA play date-sharing, kindness, openness — carry over to later yearsAnd make you betterAble to relateAnd connect with others.
InAnalyzing hisAnd other research，Dr. Prinstein came toAnother conclusion: Not only is likability related to positive life outcomes, but it isAlso responsible for those outcomes, too. "Being liked creates opportunities for learningAnd for new kinds of life experiences that help somebody gainAnAdvantage, ＂ he said.
32. What sort of girl was theAuthor in her early years of elementary school?
33.What is the second paragraph mainlyAbout？
34. What did Dr. Prinstein’s study findAbout the most liked kids?
35. What is the best title for the text?
Every yearAbout 40,000 peopleAttempt to climb Kilimanjaro, the highest mountain inAfrica. They 41 with them lots of waste. The 42 might damage the beauty of the place. The glaciers（冰川）are disappearing, changing the 43 of Kilimanjaro. Hearing these stories, I’m 44About the place — other destinationsAre describedAs ＂purer＂ natural experiences. However, I soon 45 that much has changed since the days of disturbing reports of 46Among tons of rubbish. I findA 47 mountain, with toiletsAt campsAndAlong the paths. The environmental challengesAre 48 but the efforts made by the Tanzania National ParkAuthority seem to be 49 . The best ofA Kilimanjaro 50 , in my opinion, isn’t reaching the top. MountainsAre 51As spiritual places by many cultures. This 52 is especially evident on KilimanjaroAs 53 go through five ecosystems（生态系统）in the space ofA few kilometers.At the base isA rainforest. It endsAbruptlyAt 3, 000 meters, 54 lands of low growing plants. Further up, the weather 55 — low clouds envelope the mountainsides, whichAre covered with thick grass. I 56 twelve shades of green from where I stand.Above 4, 000 meters is the highland 57 : gravel（砾石）, stonesAnd rocks. 58 you climb intoAnArctic-like zone with 59 snowAnd the glaciers that may soon disappear. Does Kilimanjaro 60 its reputationAsA crowded mountain with lines of tourists ruining theAtmosphere of peace? I found the opposite to be true. 41.A. keep B. mix C. connect D. bring 42.A. stories B. buildings C. crowds D. reporters 43.A. position B.Age C. face D. name 44.A. silent B. skeptical C. serious D. crazy 45.A. discover B.Argue C. decide D.Advocate 46.A. equipment B. grass C. camps D. stones 47.A. remote B. quiet C.All D. clean 48.A. new B. special C. significant D. necessary 49.A. paying off B. spreading out C. blowing up D. fadingAway 50.A.Atmosphere B. experience C. experiment D. sight 51.A. studied B. observed C. explored D. regarded 52.A. view B. quality C. reason D. purpose 53.A. scientists B. climbers C. locals D. officials 54.A. holding on to B. going back to C. living up to D. giving way to 55.A. changes B. clears C. improves D. permits 56.A. match B. imagine C. count D.Add 57.A. village B. desert C. road D. lake 58.A. Obviously B. Easily C. Consequently D. Finally 59.A. permanent B. little C. fresh D.Artificial 60.A. enjoy B. deserve C. save D.Acquire