• 2015年高考真题 英语 (全国新课标卷II)
阅读理解 本大题共4小题,每小题2分,共8分。阅读短文,完成下列小题。
1

(A)

My color television has given me nothing but a headache. I was able to buy it a little over a year ago because I had my relatives give me money for my birthday instead of clothes that wouldn’t fit. I let a salesclerk fool me into buying a discontinued model. I realized this a day later, when I saw newspaper advertisements for the set at seventy-five dollars less than I had paid. The set worked so beautiful when I first got it home that I would keep it on until stations signed off for the night. Fortunately, I didn’t get any channels showing all-night movies or I would never have gotten to bed.

Then I started developing a problem with the set that involved static(静电) noise. For some reason, when certain shows switched into a commercial, a loud noise would sound for a few seconds. Gradually, this noise began to appear during a show, and to get rid of it, I had to change to another channel and then change it back. Sometimes this technique would not work, and I had to pick up the set and shake it to remove the sound. I actually began to build up my arm muscles(肌肉) shaking my set.

When neither of these methods removed the static noise, I would sit helplessly and wait for the noise to go away. At last I ended up hitting the set with my first, and it stopped working altogether. My trip to the repair shop cost me $62, and the sit is working well now, but I keep expecting more trouble.

21. Why did the author say he was fooled into buying the TV set?

AHe got an older model than he had expected.

BHe couldn’t return it when it was broken.

CHe could have bought it at a lower price.

DHe failed to find any movie shows on it.

22. Which of the following an best replace the phrase “signed off” in paragraph 1?

Aended all their programs

Bprovided fewer channels

Cchanged to commercials

Dshowed all-night movies

23. How did the author finally get this TV set working again?

ABy shaking and hitting it

BBy turning it on and off

CBy switching channels

DBy having it repaired

24. How does the author sound when telling the story?

ACurious

BAnxious

CCautious

DHumorous

分值: 8分 查看题目解析 >
阅读理解 本大题共4小题,每小题2分,共8分。阅读短文,完成下列小题。
1

(B)

Your house may have an effect on your figure. experts say the way you design your home could play a role in whether you pack on the pounds or keep them off. you can make your environment work for you instead of against you. Here are some ways to turn your home into part of your diet plan.

Open the curtains and turn up the lights. dark environments are more likely to encourage overeating, for people are often less self-conscious(难为情) when they’re in poorly lit places – and so more likely to eat lots of food. If your home doesn’t have enough window light, get more lamps and flood the place with brightness.

Mind the colors. Research suggests warm colors fuel our appetites. In one study, people who ate meals in a blue room consumed 33 percent less than those in a yellow or red room. Warm colors like yellow make food appear more appetizing, while cold colors make us less hungry. So when it’s time to repaint, go blue.

Don’t forget the clock – or the radio. People who eat slowly tend to consume about 70 fewer calories(卡路里) per meal than those who rush through their meals. Begin keeping track of the time, and try to make dinner last at 30 minutes. And while you’re at it, actually sit down to eat. If you need some help slowing down, turning on relaxing music. It makes you less likely to rush through a meal.

Downsize the dishes. Big serving bowls and plants can easily makes us fat. We eat about 22 percent more when using a 12-inch plate instead of a 10-inch plate. When we choose a large spoon over a smaller one, total intake(摄入) jumps by 14 percent. And we’ll pour about 30 percent more liquid into a short, wide glass than a tall, skinny glass.

25. The text is especially helpful for those who care about ____.

Atheir home comforts

Btheir body shape

Chouse buying

Dhealthy diets

26. A home environment in blue can help people ____.

Adigest food better

Breduce food intake

Cburn more calories

Dregain their appetites

27. What are people advised to do at mealtimes?

AEat quickly.

BPlay fast music

CUse smaller spoons

DTurn down the lights

28.What can be a suitable title for the text?

AIs Your House Making You Fat?

BWays of Serving Dinner

CEffects of Self-Consciousness

DIs Your Home Environment Relaxing?

分值: 8分 查看题目解析 >
阅读理解 本大题共4小题,每小题2分,共8分。阅读短文,完成下列小题。
1

(C)

More students than ever before are taking a gap year(间隔年) before going to university. It used to be the “year off” between school and university. The gap-year phenomenon originated(起源) with the months left over to Oxbridge applicants between entrance exams in November and the start of the next academic year.

This year, 25,310 students who have accepted places in higher education institutions have put off their entry until next year, according to statistics on university entrance provided by the University and College Admissions Service (UCAS).

That is a record 14.7% increase in the number of students taking a gap year. Tony Higgins from UCAS said that the statistics are good news for everyone in higher education. “Students who take a well-planned year out are more likely to be satisfied with, and complete, their chosen course. Students who take a gap year are often more mature and responsible,” he said.

But not everyone is happy. Owain James, the president of the National Union of Students (NUS), argued that the increase is evidence of student hardship – young people are being forced into earning money before finishing their education. “New students are now aware that they are likely to leave university up to£15,000 in debt. It is not surprising that more and more students are taking a gap year to earn money to support their study for the degree. NUS statistics show that over 40% of students are forced to work during term time and the figure increases to 90% during vacating periods,” he said.

29. What do we learn about the gap year from the text?

AIt is flexible in length.

BIt is a time for relaxation

CIt is increasingly popular

DIt is required by universities

30. According to Tony Higgins. students taking a gap year ____.

Aare better prepared for college studies

Bknow a lot more about their future job

Care more likely to leave university in debt

Dhave a better chance to enter top universities

31. How does Owain James feel about the gap-year phenomenon?

AHe’s puzzled

BHe’s worried

CHe’s surprised

DHe’s annoyed

32.What would most students do on their vacation according to NUS statistics?

AAttend additional courses.

BMake plans for the new term

CEarn money for their education

DPrepare for their graduate studies

分值: 8分 查看题目解析 >
阅读理解 本大题共3小题,每小题2分,共6分。阅读短文,完成下列小题。
1

(D)

Choose Your One-Day-Tours!

Tour A - Bath &Stonehenge: including entrance fees to the ancient Roman bathrooms and Stonehenge -£37 until 26 March and £39 thereafter.

Visit the city with over 2,000 years of history and Bath Abbey, the Royal Crescent and the Costume Museum, Stonehenge is one of the world's most famous prehistoric monuments dating back over 5,000 years.

Tour B - Oxford & Startford including entrance fees to the University St Mary's Church Tower and Anne Hathaway's -£32 until 12 March and £36 thereafter

Oxford: Includes a guided tour of England's oldest university city and colleges. Look over the "city of dreaming spires(尖顶)"from St Mary’s Church Tower. Stratford: Includes a guided tour exploring much of the Shakespeare wonder.

Tour C - Windsor Castle &Hampton Court including entrance fees to Hampton Court Palace -£34 until 11 March and £37 thereafter.

Includes a guided tour of Windsor and Hampton Court, Henry VILL's favorite palace. Free time to visit Windsor Castle(entrance fees not included).With 500 years of history, Hampton Court was once the home of four Kings and one Queen. Now this former royal palace is open to the public as a major tourist attraction. Visit the palace and its various historic gardens, which include the famous maze(迷宫)where it is easy to get lost!

Tour D -Cambridge including entrance fees to the Tower of Saint Mary the Great -£33 until 18 March and £37 thereafter.

Includes a guided tour of Cambridge, the famous university town, and the gardens of the 18th century.

33. Which tour will you choose if you want to see England’s oldest university city?

ATour A

BTour B

CTour C

DTour D

34. Which of the following tours charges the lowest fee on 17 March?

AWindsor Castle & Hampton Court

BOxford & Stratford

CBath & Stonehenge

DCambridge

35. Why is Hampton Court a major tourist attraction?

AIt used to be the home of royal families

BIt used to be a well-known maze

CIt is the oldest palace in Britain

DIt is a world-famous castle

分值: 6分 查看题目解析 >
补全信息 本大题共5小题,每小题2分,共10分。把答案填写在题中横线上。
1

根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余选项。

Training for a marathon requires careful preparation and steady, gradual increases in the length of the runs. 36 , buy the best-fitting running shoes you can find. No one can say which brand will work best for you or feel best on your feet, so you have to rely on your experience and on the feel of each pair as you shop. When you have found shoes that seem right, walk in them for a few days to double-check the fit. 37 . As always, you should stretch(伸展) at least ten minutes before each run to prevent injuries.

During the first week, do not think about distance, but run five minutes longer each day. 38 , it is wise to take a day off to rest. But during the next week, set a goal of at least a mile and a half per run. 39 . After two weeks, start timing yourself. 40 . Depending on the kind of race you plan to enter, you can set up a timetable for the remaining weeks before the race.

A After six days

B For a good marathon runner

C Before you begin your training

D With each day, increase the distance by a half mile

E If they still feel good, you can begin running in them

F Time spent for preparation raises the quality of training

G Now you are ready out a goal of improving distance and time

分值: 10分 查看题目解析 >
完型填空 本大题共20小题,每小题 1.50分,共30分。
1

阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的四个选项(A, B, C和D)中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。

Where do you go when you want to learn something? School? A friend? A tutor? These are all 41 places of learning. But it may well be that the learning you really want 42 somewhere else instead. I had the 43

of seeing this first hand on a 44 .

My daughter plays on a recreational soccer team. They did well this season and so 45 a tournament, which normally was only for more skilled club teams. This led to some 46 experiences on Saturday as they played against teams 47 trained. Through the first two games, her 48 did not get one serious shot on goal. As a parent, I 49 seeing my daughter playing her best, 50 still defeated.

It seemed that something clicked with the 51 between Saturday and Sunday. When they 52 for their Sunday game, they were 53 different. They had begun to integrate (融合) the kinds of play and teamwork they had 54 the day before into their 55 . They played aggressively and 56 scored a goal.

It 57 me that playing against the other team was a great 58 moment for all the girls on the team. I think it is a general principle. 59 is the best teacher. The lessons they learned may not be 60 what they would have gotten in school, but are certainly more personal and meaningful, because they had to work them out on their own.

41.

Apublic

Btraditional

Cofficial

DSpecial

42.

Apasses

Bworks

Clies

DEnds

43.

Adream

Bidea

Chabit

DChance

44.

Atrip

Bholiday

Cweekend

DSquare

45.

Awon

Bentered

Corganized

DWatched

46.

Apainful

Bstrange

Ccommon

DPractical

47.

Aless

Bpoorly

Cnewly

DBetter

48.

Afans

Btutors

Cclass

DTeam

49.

Aimagined

Bhated

Cavoided

DMissed

50.

Aif

Bor

Cbut

DAs

51.

Agirls

Bparents

Ccoaches

DViewers

52.

Adressed

Bshowed up

Cmade up

DPlanned

53.

Aslightly

Bhardly

Cbasically

DCompletely

54.

Aseen

Bknown

Cheard

DRead

55.

Astyles

Btraining

Cgame

DRules

56.

Aeven

Bstill

Cseldom

DAgain

57.

Aconfused

Bstruck

Creminded

DWarned

58.

Atouching

Bthinking

Cencouraging

DLearning

59.

AExperience

BIndependence

CCuriosity

DInterest

60.

Aharmful to

Bmixed with

Cdifferent from

Dapplied to

分值: 30分 查看题目解析 >
语法填空 本大题共10小题,每小题1.5分,共15分。把答案填写在题中横线上。
1

阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当的内容(1个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式。

The adobe dwellings (土坯房) 61 (build)by the Pueblo Indians of the American Southwest are admired by even 62 most modern of architects and engineers. In addition to their simple beauty, what makes the adobe dwellings admirable is their 63 (able) to “air condition” a house without 64 ( use) electric equipment. Walls made of adobe take in the heat from the sun on hot days and give out that heat 65 ( slow) during cool nights, thus warming the house. When a new day breaks, the walls have given up their heat and are now cold enough 66 (cool) the house during the hot day; 67 the same time, they warm up again for the night. This cycle 68 (go) day after day: The walls warm up during the day and cool off during the night and are thus always a timely offset(抵消) for the outside temperatures. As 69 (nature) architects, the Pueblo Indians figured out exactly 70 thick the adobe walls needed to be to make the cycle work on most days.

分值: 15分 查看题目解析 >
简答题(综合题) 本大题共10分。简答应写出文字说明、证明过程或演算步骤。
1

71. 假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中共有10处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。每处错误涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。
     增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧),并在其下面写出该加的词。

删除:把多余的词作斜线(\)划掉。

修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。

注意:1. 每处错误及其修改均仅限一词; 2. 只允许修改10处,多者(从第11处起)不计分。

One day , little Tony went to a shopping center with his parent. It was very crowded. Tony saw a toy on a shop window. He liked it so very much that he quickly walked into the shop. After looks at the toy for some time, he turned around and found where his parents were missing. Tony was scared and begun to cry. A woman saw him drying and telling him to wait outside a shop. Five minutes later, Tony saw parents. Mom said,“How nice to see you again! Dad and I were terrible worried. ” Tony promised her that this would never happen again.

分值: 10分 查看题目解析 >
书面表达 本大题共25分。
1

72.假如你是李华,计划和同学去敬老院(nursing home)陪老人们国重阳节(the Double Ninth Festival)。请给外教Lucy写封邮件,邀她一同前往,内容包括:1. 出发及返回时间;2. 活动:包饺子、表演节目等。

注意:1. 词数100左右;2. 可以适当增加细节,以使行文连贯;3. 结语已为你写好。

__________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

Looking forward to your reply.

Yours

Li Hua

分值: 25分 查看题目解析 >
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