Rock music consists of many differentstyles. Even though there is a common spirit among all music groups, they makevery different music. 31 At that time the Beatles entered the world ofmusic from Liverpool.
After they were given an invitation toappear live on BBC, the Beatles quickly became famous in Britain withnationwide tours. By mid-1963, the Beatles had been extremely popular inEngland. 32 They held large concerts and performed atclubs. They became the hottest thing on the pop music scene in England. Theybegan as a modestly successful musician group and ended the year as showbusiness legends（传说）. John Lennon and Paul McCartney were named composers of the year.
33 They were not sure how the Americans wouldreact to the new type of music. Beatlemania hit New York on February 7, 1964.Hundreds of fans jammed the airport to greet them. 34 The concert was broadcast live and attractedthe largest one night audience in the history of television up to that time.The Beatles were described as a British invasion（入侵）by local and nationwide newspapers at thattime. Their victory in America was still remembered as a major turning point inthe history of rock and roll. Thanks to the Beatles, a lot of opportunitieswere opened up to new faces on the market. 35
A. They decided on a tour to the UnitedStates in 1964.
B. Even their hairstyles became major trendsat that time.
C. Rock music developed in the 1950s and theearly 1960s.
D. However, their songs changed the lives ofgenerations to come.
E. Many rock bands were able to follow inthe footsteps of the Beatles.
F. They appeared in the films A Hard Day's Night（1964）and Help！（1965）.
G. They performed their first concert inAmerica at CBS television's 53rd street studio.
Parents everywhere praise their kids. JennBerman, author of The A to Z Guide toRaising Happy and Confident Kids, says, "We've gone to the oppositeextreme of a few decades ago when parents tended to be more strict." Bygiving kids a lot of praise, parents think they're building their children'sconfidence, when, in fact, it may be just the opposite. Too much praise canbackfire and, when given in a way that's insincere, make kids afraid to try newthings or take a risk for fear of not being able to stay on top where theirparents' praise has put them.
Still, don't go too far in the otherdirection. Not giving enough praise can be just as damaging gas giving toomuch. Kids will feel like they're not good enough or that you don't care and, asa result, may see no point in trying hard for their accomplishments.
So what is the right amount of praise? Expertssay that the quality of praise is more important than the quantity. If praiseis sincere and focused on the effort not the outcome, you can give it as oftenas your child does something that deserves a verbal reward." We shouldespecially recognize our children's efforts to push themselves and work hard toachieve a goal, "says Donahue, author of Parenting Without Fear: Letting Go of Worry and Focusing on WhatReally Matters. "One thing to remember is that it's the process notthe end product that matters."
Your son may not be the best basketballplayer on his team. But if he's out there every day and playing hard, youshould praise his effort regardless of whether his team wins or loses. Praisingthe effort and not the outcome can also mean recognizing your child when shehas worked hard to clean the yard, cook dinner, or finish a book report. Butwhatever it is, praise should be given on a case-by-case basis and beproportionate(相称的)to the amount of effort your child has put into it.
There are lots of ways to raiseawareness for a cause. Usually, the 36 the idea is, the more it gets noticed. Andthat’s precisely why one 37 Frenchman has caught our attention.
Baptiste Dubanchet is biking acrossEurope，surviving 38 on discarded（丢弃）food. The three-month, 1, 900-mile journey from Paris to Warsaw isDubanchet’s 39 of raising awareness of food waste in Europeand throughout the world.
As you can 40 ,the trip is no piece of cake. While restaurants 41 tons of food each year, much of it remainsinaccessible because of 42 garbage containers, health regulations, orbusiness policies. Only about one in ten places 43 him food that would otherwise be discarded. Forlegal 44 ,most restaurants have a policy against 45 food waste. "Some people have even 46 their jobs by giving me food," Dubanchetsaid.
What's 47 interesting is the attitude various citieshave toward Dubanchet’s cause. Berlin has been the 48 while the most difficult was the Czech town ofPilsen. There, he had to 49 at some 50 different stores or restaurants before findingfood. The 50 is all the more serious when you consider the 51 exercise required to bike from France toPoland.
"I have to get food 52 because after all the biking I am tired and Ineed the 53 ,"Dubanchetexplained. "Is my 54 full or empty? That is the most importantthing, not what I am eating."
He aims to 55 his journey by mid-July. With any luck, he’llturn a few more heads in the process.
36. A. cleverer B. older C.stranger D. simpler
37.A. garbage-eating B. sports-loving C. food-wasting D.law-breaking
38. A. secretly B. finally C.entirely D. probably
39. A. purpose B. way C.opinion D. dream
40. A. observe B. imagine C.suggest D. remember
41. A. store B. cook C. shop for D. throw away
42. A. locked B. damaged C.connected D. abandoned
43. A. bought B. offered C.ordered D. sold
44. A. reasons B. rights C.fees D. aids
45. A. begging for B. giving away C. hiding D. causing
46. A. did B. kept C.accepted D. risked
47. A. hardly B. usually C.particularly D. merely
48. A. easiest B. nearest C. biggest D. richest
49. A. work B. shout C.ask D. jump
50. A. competition B. conversation C. conflict D. challenge
51. A. adequate B. rewarding C.demanding D. suitable
52. A. again B. alone C.later D. fast
53. A. spirit B. energy C. time D.effort
54. A. stomach B. hand C.pocket D. basket
55. A. arrange B. restart C. report D. finish
There are several reasons why schooluniforms are good idea. First of all, uniforms help the school look smart. Thestudents feel that they belong to a particular group. When every pupil in the schoolwears the uniform, nobody ____56_____ (have) to worry about fashion(时尚). Everybody wears_____57____same style of clothes. Uniforms can be useful in unexpected ways, A school inIreland has introduced an interesting new uniform. On the edge of the jacket,there is a piece of cloth ____58_____gives off light in the dark. When the children are walking or _____59____ (cycle) to school on darkmornings, car drivers can _____60____(easy) see them.
But can uniforms help improve schoolstandards? The answer _____61____this question is not clear. One study in America found that students' grades _____62____ (improve) a little after theschool introduced uniforms. But some students didn't want ____63_____ (wear) the uniform. Other Americanstudies showed no _____64____(connect)between uniforms and school performance.
School uniforms are _____65____ (tradition) in Britain, but some schools arestarting to get rid of them. Some very good schools don't have a uniformpolicy. However, uniforms are still popular. Pupils at about 90 percent ofBritish secondary schools wear uniforms.
Zachariah Fike has an unusual hobby. He finds old military（军队的）medals for sale in antique stores and on the Internet. But unlike most collectors, Zac tracks down the medals’ rightful owners, and returns them.
His effort to reunite families with lost medals began with a Christmas gift from his mother, a Purple Heart with the name Corrado A. G. Piccoli, found in an antique shop. Zac knows the meaning of a Purple Heart—he earned one himself in a war as a soldier. So when his mother gave him the medal, he knew right away what he had to do.
Through the Internet, Zac tracked down Corrado’s sister Adeline Rockko. But when he finally reached her, the woman flooded him with questions: "Who are you？What antique shop？" However, when she hung up, she regretted the way she had handled the call. So she called Zac back and apologized. Soon she drove to meet Zac in Watertown, N.Y. "At that point, I knew she meant business, " Zac says. "To drive eight hours to come to see me."
The Piccolis grew up the children of Italian immigrants in Watertown. Corrado, a translator for the Army during WWII, was killed in action in Europe.
Before hearing from Zac, Adeline hadn’t realized the medal was missing. Like many military medals, the one Zac’s mother had found was a family treasure." This medal was very precious to my parents. Only on special occasions（场合）would they take it out and let us hold it in our hands," Adeline says.
As a child, Adeline couldn't understand why the medal was so significant. “But as I grew older,” Adeline says, "and missed my brother more and more, I realized that was the only thing we had left." Corrado Piccoli’s Purple Heart medal now hangs at the Italian American Civic Association in Watertown.
Zac recently returned another lost medal to a family in Alabama. Since he first reunited Corrado’s medal, Zac says his record is now 5 for 5.
21.Where did Zac get a Purple Heart medal for himself？
22.What did Zac realize when Adeline drove to meet him？
23. What made Adeline treasure the Purple Heart?
California has lost half its big trees since the 1930s, according to a study to be published Tuesday and climate change seems to be a major factor（因素）.
The number of trees larger than two feet across has declined by 50 percent on more than 46, 000 square miles of California forests, the new study finds. No area was spared or unaffected, from the foggy northern coast to the Sierra Nevada Mountains to the San Gabriels above Los Angeles. In the Sierra high country, the number of big trees has fallen by more than 55 percent; in parts of southern California the decline was nearly 75 percent.
Many factors contributed to the decline, said Patrick Mclntyre, an ecologist who was the lead author of the study. Woodcutters targeted big trees. Housing development pushed into the woods. Aggressive wildfire control has left California forests crowded with small trees that compete with big trees for resources（资源）.
But in comparing a study of California forests done in the 1920s and 1930s with another one between 2001 and 2010, Mclntyre and his colleagues documented a widespread death of big trees that was evident even in wildlands protected from woodcutting or development.
The loss of big trees was greatest in areas where trees had suffered the greatest water shortage. The researchers figured out water stress with a computer model that calculated how much water trees were getting in comparison with how much they needed, taking into account such things as rainfall, air temperature, dampness of soil, and the timing of snowmelt（融雪）.
Since the 1930s, Mclntyre said, the biggest factors driving up water stress in the state have been rising temperatures, which cause trees to lose more water to the air, and earlier snowmelt, which reduces the water supply available to trees during the dry season.
27. What is the second paragraph mainly about?
28. Which of the following is well-intentioned but may be bad for big trees?
29. What is a major cause of the water shortage according to Mclntyre?
30. What can be a suitable title for the text?
Money with no strings attached. It’s not something you see every day. But at Union Station in Los Angeles last month, a board went up with dollar bills attached to it with pins and a sign that read, "Give What You Can, Take What You Need."
People quickly caught on. And while many took dollars, many others pinned their own cash to the board. “People of all ages, races, and socio-economic（社会经济的）backgrounds gave and took, ”said Tyler Bridges of The Toolbox, which created the project. "We even had a bride in her wedding dress come up to the board and take a few dollars." Most of the bills on the board were singles, but a few people left fives, tens and even twenties. The video clip（片段）shows one man who had found a $ 20 bill pinning it to the board.
“What I can say for the folks that gave the most, is that they were full of smiles,” Bridges said. “There’s a certain feeling that giving can do for you and that was apparent in those that gave the most." Most people who took dollars took only a few, but Bridges said a very small number took as much as they could.
While the clip might look like part of a new ad campaign, Bridges said the only goal was to show generosity and sympathy. He added that he hopes people in other cities might try similar projects and post their own videos on the Internet.
“After all, everyone has bad days and good days," he said. “Some days you need a helping hand and some days you can be the one giving the helping hand.”
24. What does the expression "money with no strings attached" in paragraph 1 mean?
A. Money spent without hesitation.
25. What did Bridges want to show by mentioning the bride?
26. Why did Bridges carry out the project?