Below are some of London's must-see museums.
The Science Museum features seven floors of educational and entertaining exhibits, including the Apollo 10. The Wellcome Wing shows developments in modern science, medicine and technology. The Medical History Gallery in the museum contains a large collection of medical history treasures. Exhibits in the Exploring Space galleries include models of the Huygens Titan probe(探测器) and Beagle 2 Mars Lander. Tickets to the museum’s in-house IMAX cinema cost extra.
Natural History Museum
The handsome Alfred Waterhouse building houses a collection that contains some 70 million plant, animal, fossil, rock and mineral samples. The Natural History Museum’s Life Galleries are devoted to displays on animal life. The Earth Galleries explore the natural forces that shape our planet, the treasures we take from it, the effect we have on it and its place in the universe. The museum’s wildlife garden attracts urban wildlife such as dragonflies and blackbirds and highlights inner-city wildlife conservation.
London Transport Museum
Among the vehicles on display at the London Transport Museum is the first underground electric train, which had no windows because there was nothing to see underground. The trouble was that no one could tell which stop they were at, a small problem solved by employing an athletic announcer who ran to each carriage at every station, shouting out the stops. Dating from 1890, this is one of the several museum exhibits you can board. The design gallery is in memory of Frank Pick, the man responsible for rolling out the London Underground brand and giving each line its own character.
Museum of London
The history of London, from prehistoric times to the present is told in the Museum of London through reconstructed interiors(内部) and street scenes, alongside displays of original artifacts found during the museum’s archaeological digs. Check the website before your visit as a packed program of temporary exhibitions, talks, walks and children’s events is central to the life of the Museum of London.
21. The main purpose of the passage is to __________.（ ）
22.What can visitors do in the Natural History Museum ? （ ）
23.Why was an athletic announcer employed for the first underground electric train? （ ）
24.At which museums can visitors watch films ? （ ）
Jonathan Cranwell sat on a hard bench behind the long narrow desk and watched the flies fly lazily in the sun. The drone of the younger boys reading letters and the older boys reciting Latin verbs made him sleepy. Jonathan had to force his eyes to stay open. He wanted to learn something new!
He looked up at the schoolmaster’s high desk in the front of the room. The new teacher was from Harvard College. Jonathan’s father had been impressed with him. The boys had already had several other teachers, but none of them seemed to inspire Jonathan. So far, there was nothing to show that this one was special , though he’d only been there two days.
“It’s too hot to sit and memorize lessons,” the schoolmaster said. “We’ll move outdoors for the next part of our lesson.” He led the group of boys into the schoolyard. “You younger boys, dig for grubs and beetles ( 幼虫和甲虫). Count their feet. See if you can describe their shells”
Jonathan watched the teacher surrounded by laughing young students. No one had ever used the schoolyard itself for a classroom. “What next ?” he thought. Soon he didn’t have time to think about the younger boys, for he was running after butterflies and dragonflies himself.
Jonathan and his friends liked this new way of learning.
“It will be a clear night tonight. Go outside and look at the sky,” said the schoolmaster. “Look at the stars and notice their brightness and the patterns they make. These patterns have names from Greek mythology(神话), names like Orion, Aries, and others. Tomorrow we will learn about the ancient stories on them.”
“How is the new schoolmaster ?” asked Jonathan’s father that evening, when Jonathan announced he was going out to look at the sky.
“He’s different from any other schoolmaster we’ve had,” Jonathan admitted. “He seems interested in everything around him, and he wants us to be curious too. He even used the schoolyard as a classroom!”
“So Mr. John Adams and his new ways make school useful to you after all,” joked Jonathan’s father.
“I believe he has,” said Jonathan. “I know I won’t forget the lessons he has taught us!”
25.What does the underlined word “drone” in Paragraph 1 mean ? （ ）
26. Which statement shows that the new schoolmaster understood the children ? （ ）
27.From the last but one paragraph, we can learn that __________.（ ）
28.What is the main idea of this story? （ ）
At the end of the 19th century, Maria Montessori became Italy’s first modern woman physician. Early in her career, she struggled to advance in the male-dominated profession. As a member of the University of Rome department, she was assigned to the city’s mental hospitals to experiment with the patients’ ability to learn, a task considered boring and unimportant by medical professionals at the time. Although her education was in medicine, her interaction with mentally-disabled children inspired her to study the processes of the mind. By 1906, she had resigned from the university to pursue a career in child education.
Starting with sixty working-class children, Montessori established a children’s house in Rome to foster (培养) an environment ideally suited for child development. Her efforts led her students—even those with supposed learning disabilities—to be excellent at standardized examinations. In the children’s house, Montessori realized how readily children learnt from their environment.
At its core(核心), the Montessori Method is a means of fostering development and learning in children. The comparison of a child’s development with universal standards is discouraging, since it is believed that children naturally develop in different ways and acquire skills at different times. Acknowledging this, a Montessori educator closely observes the child and provides him or her with the tools necessary for independent learning. Adults avoid giving criticism for mistakes and rewards for successes. The goal of these steps is to ease the child into an environment of learning without fear. Self-learning and self-correction are the fundamental processes of the Montessori Method, which Maria Montessori showed will foster a lifelong love of learning and joy in the pursuit of one’s goals.
Today, children are taught with the Montessori Method in both public and private schools in the United States and many countries around the world. With increasing pressure on schools to provide quality education to a growing population, Montessori’s ideas of teaching self-reliance and love of learning continue to gain in popularity.
29. After becoming a doctor , Montessori faced strong pressure from __________.（ ）
30. The first 60 children in the children’s house __________.（ ）
31.What does the Montessori Method require an educator to do ? （ ）
32. What does the last paragraph mainly discuss ? （ ）
The hottest “green “ toy in Germany isn’t made of organic or recycled materials. This one has a solar panel (太阳能电池板)and only runs if kids remember to insert bright red “energy stones” that power the space station. Germany, a pioneer in many renewable energy movements, is also at the forefront of creating environment -friendly toys aimed at making kids think about where energy comes from and how much of it they can use, raising awareness through play. A number of high-tech green toys are on display at this year's Nuremberg toy fair, which runs through Sunday.
Among them, there are hydroelectric-powered toy cars, and doll houses with wind –powered engine and rainwater catchers. The bright green "Future Planet" space station features inner equipment with a fan that is powered by a functioning solar cell. Its aim is to get kids to use their imagination about how energy will be created in the future.
Makers and retailers believe such toys will play an increasingly important role in their future and that of our kids. "Energy is the question of the future and we are definitely thinking about this as we move ahead," said Judith Schweinitz, a spokeswoman for Playmobil, maker of the solar panel-fitted space station. "It is increasingly being brought into our play concept."she added. Studies indicate that green toys which range from those made of sustainable materials to ones like the space station that just raise environmental awareness are becoming more and more popular in the international toy market.
33. The hottest “green” toy in Germany is __________.（ ）
34.The purpose of making the green toys is to __________.（ ）
35. According to the text, __________ uses solar energy. （ ）
How to Win a High School Election
If you plan on running for student office, you want to know how to win a high school election. _ You need to consider the following key elements (要素) of an election.
* Learn About Your School .
Before you can be an official for your class, you will need to know about your class and the school as a whole. You can’t make a difference if you don’t know what to change. _
* Get involved before winning the election.
If you want to make changes to some of the rules in the school’s policy, you will have to get on the administration’s good side. Ask to join in on meetings with school officials. It’s also a good idea to get to know some of the parents of the students who will vote for you. You can do this by attending PTA meetings. _ Ask questions and voice your opinion so you stand out.
* Get to know your voters.
_ And try to make good first impressions on them. Be careful, though. You don’t want to seem fake (假装的) because then people won’t vote for you. Simply say hello and let people know you are running for whatever office you choose. If they seem interested in you, continue the conversation. If not, back off. Being pushy is another thing that will lose your votes.
Just as confidence is essential during your presentation, it’s also important every day. Stand tall, smile, and be friendly. Have fun with your election because students want someone who is real and friendly.
The young seal couldn’t have been more than two days old, and yet he was all alone. Sometimes he would swim _ , but he always came back. At first we thought it was _ that he kept swimming back to us, until we noticed that he obviously had been _ and had nowhere else to go. We called him “Curious George”.
Without his mother’s milk, George appeared very _ with his eyes closed. I jumped into the water and swam up to him, _we could be close enough. My heart went out to George and I just hoped that he had the _to interact (互动) with me. Suddenly he _ his eyes and immediately he jumped up between my arms, putting his head against my chest. It was a(n) _ moment. But I knew that George wouldn’t _ without some help.
We _ the local conservation volunteers. They were _that in the absence of his mother, he had developed a _ relationship with us. They promised they would bring him to an area with _ people living there and keep an eye on him. Even though it hurt to see him _ , we knew that he was in better hands.
The next day we _ the conservation volunteers and asked how George was doing. _ the volunteers informed us that he was too close to humans, we realized that was probably our _ ! They decided to bring him to a small island wildlife reserve with a lot of seals in the area, where they could better _ him.
A week later, we called again, and were informed that George was _ in the water swimming with other seals. George was _ and back to his world. And he will always swim in my heart.
What do you want to be when you grow up ? A teacher? A doctor ? How about an ice-cream taster?
Yes, there really is a job _ you can get paid to taste ice cream. Just ask John Harrison, an “Official Taste Tester ”for _ past 21years. Testing helps manufacturers to be sure of a product’s quality. During his career Harrison’s _ (responsible) is to approve large quantities of the sweet ice cream—as well as to develop over 75 flavors. Some people think that the love for ice cream can qualify one _ the job, but Harrison points out that a food—science degree would be very useful to someone _ (want) a career in this “cool”field.
In a typical morning on the job, Harrison _ (let) the ice cream warm up to about 12°F to get more flavor. While the ice cream warms up, Harrison looks over the samples and grades each one on _ (it) appearance.“Tasting begins with the eyes,”he explains. He checks _ (see) if the ice cream is _ (attract) and asks himself, “Does the product have the color _ (expect) from that flavor ? ” Next it’s time to taste.
71.短文改错Be abroad, you may find many things are different—the food, the customs, and the language. The last of these is the most important, as you need to be able communicate in order to make the more of your stay. So I advise you to find the good school, when you’ll meet people and improve your language skills. I found things got a lot of better for me once I’d joined a local tennis club. I really enjoyed it, and I made plenty of friend there. I am not homesick any more but I began to find my way around. All in all, I’d say it’s essential to maintain a positive attitude, and you’ll certain enjoy yourself.