How many hours does it take to be fluent in English?
There are plenty of people in the UK for whom even basic English is a problem.
According to the survey,726,000 people in England and Wales said they could not speak
English well, and another 138,000 said they did not speak it at all.
Ling,40,who arrived five years ago from China, found it difficult to learn English.
¨When I came here l was pregnant and s0 1 was at home for the next three years. It took
me longer to learn as l was very busy with the children.” Eventually she was able to begin
taking classes and now speaks good conversational English. But even with classes, it can
be a long process to pick up the language.
Age is the most important factor in language acquisition, says Mila Vulchanova,
professor of linguistics at the Norwegian University of Science and Technology.¨ There is
a sensitive period in language learning, which is biologically determined, with an onset at
birth and a decline around puberty. So the younger the immigrant, the better. Since this
decline is only gradual, teenagers are at an advantage over adults.” he says.
There are a number of systems for grading English. The government expects
immigrants to reach "ESOL Entry 3" or "B1 level" in Scotland, before they can be
granted citizenship. It's equivalent（相当的） to being able to hold a confident
conversation and-it might take 360 hours of study to achieve.
George Osborne said in June following the spending review that welfare claimants
（申请者）who don't speak English will have their benefits cut if they fail to attend
Huan Japes, deputy chief executive of English UK, a trade body for language
colleges, says a rule of thumb is 360 hours-120 hours for each of three stages-to get to
the standard the government expects benefit claimants to reach.
But many of the people who attend courses are visiting students rather than people
settling in the UK. Immigrants tend to have very varied levels of education.
" Using 120 hours( for each stage of English fluency) is a rather traditional approach
to course book learning," says Dr Elaine Boyd, head of English language at Trinity
College London. "If someone is really highly motivated, they can learn really quickly. It's
common for children under the age of 11 to be very immersed and be fluent in about six
21. The example of Ling is given to show that _ .
22. What does Mila Vulchanova mainly stress?
23. What Dr Elaine Boyd says suggests that .
24. The author develops the passage mainly by _'
Gabby Logan was a gymnast when she was young. She is now the 39-year-old mother
of seven-year-old twins, Reuben and Lois. The other day on TV she was dressed in a new
swimsuit, which was designed to show off her nice figure, which was admired by a great
number of television viewers.
Gabby, who won high praise for her television show of the Olympics, has asked the
woman of the whole nation to go to the swimming pool, saying the secret of her figure is
regular swimming. She is also making advertisements for the new Sculpture Swimwear of
Speedo, an international swimsuit company, to help women find the perfect swimsuit.
Gabby said, "We all felt uneasy about getting into our swimwear at first. But we
should be excited by the sporting achievements we have seen at the Olympics this
summer. To get ourselves a little healthier, have a try and go to the swimming pool. " The
she said," Swimming is the perfect exercise if you want to feel healthy or simply relax. I
find that going for a swim always clears my mind and also gives me some valuable 6 my
time'. I like the calm of swimming which I can't experience when I am not in the pool. "
A study by Speedo, an International company, which sells swimsuits, reported the
biggest reason why women were put off going to the pool was the way they looked in
swimwear. More than half of the l,000 women surveyed have been reduced to tears when
trying on swimwear. And 48 percent said they felt too self-conscious to go swimming with
their children. Sally Polak, from Speedo, said, " We're hoping to give women the courage
and confidence to get back into the water. "
25. What can we learn about Gabby Logan?
26. What is the main reason why Gabby has a nice figure?
27. The biggest reason why most women were stopped from swimming is _ .
28. What is the author's purpose of writing the text?
Sleepwalking is a sleep disorder. Your child will rise from bed and walk or engage in
other activities that they would normally do when they are awake. Their eyes will be open
but they will appear to be in a dream-like state, and will probably not answer when you
talk to them, although they may carry out conversations. Sleepwalking can last a few
seconds ,a few minutes, or more.
Sleepwalking can be an indication that certain parts of the brain may not be relaxing
properly at bedtime. It can be caused by illness or fever, tiredness, stress or anxiety. It is
thought to occur in the beginning, slow-wave stages of non-rapid eye movement sleep
before dream sleep. It may be related to the lack of magnesium (镁) , and it is very
possible that hormonal（荷尔蒙的）changes in body could cause it．Certainly a child is
more likely to be a sleepwalker if one of his parents suffered, too .
Sleepwalking itself is not dangerous and is generally not a sign of any more worrying
problems. But if your child sleepwalks regularly, you have to take safety measures to make
sure that he doesn't hurt himself while sleepwalking. Makes sure that any doors can't be
opened by a child, and lock doors to the cellar, kitchen and other dangerous places.
Check each night before lights go out for sharp objects or, indeed , anything on the floor
which your child could trip over or hurt himself on.
A child may sleepwalk once and never sleepwalk again. Others may sleepwalk once a
month or so. Still others may sleepwalk almost nightly. If you are worried you should
consult your doctor.
33. What does the second paragraph mainly tell us?
34. Which of the following is true according to the passage?
35.1t can be inferred from the passage that____.
As the capital of China's Shaanxi Province, Xi'an's long history was properly summed
up by our English-speaking guide: "If Xi'an is the grandmother of cities, Beijing is a
youth and Shanghai is just a baby in the womb. "
However, it was not until 1974, following the chance discovery of the Army of
Terracotta Warriors by well-digging farmers, that Xi'an was once again pushed onto the
international map. Three decades later, the local government is pouring funds into the
tourism sector. Ancient monuments and museums are being restored, and various copies of
Buddhist and Tang heritage are being constructed to help Chinese tourists rediscover their
One of those ancient monuments is the Big Wild Goose Pagoda-Xi'an's most sacred
(神圣的) monument-which was built in 652 by the monk Xuanzang ,who travelled
across India for 18 years and returned with a precious collection of Buddhist sacred texts.
In 1966,the Red Guards burnt the pagoda's scriptures, silk wall hangings and other relics
in a bonfire that raged all night. But that destruction has largely been forgotten as tourists
flock to the newly restored pagoda. The only original remainders-the empty shell of the
seven-storey pagoda-light up at night, standing out in the city's skyline.
Xi'an is also displaying the glories of the ancient Tang Dynasty, with a 165-acre
Tang Paradise Theme Park that is visited by flocks of tourist groups. Although every bit of
this Tang heritage is recreated, it is artistically pleasing, landscaped with ponds and
lakes, classical gardens, bridges, palaces and pavilions. Explore the vast area on a golf
cart, hopping on and off to see shortened operas from the Tang Dynasty days, laser shows
on the lake, highly structured man-made waterfalls, as well as murals and statues of
historical figures ,philosophers and poets.
A 36km drive northeast takes you to Xi'an's most famous attraction, the Army of
Terracotta Warriors. They were made to order in 221BC by the first emperor of China, Qin
Shi Huangdi, who used the forced labour of 700,000 subjects to create a mausoleum(陵
庙) guarded by an entire army.
29. From the passage we can learn that a large sum of money of the local government in
Xi'an is being ploughed into .
30. How many historical sites in Xi'an have been referred to in the passage?
31. What can we learn from the fourth paragraph about the Tang Paradise Theme Park?
32. Which of the following can be the best title for the text?
Can't sleep? You turn all night never seeming to get comfortable, never seeming to
feel like you are even close to sleep? I bet you've tried a few different solutions too, warm
milk or maybe even sleeping pills. The reason why you can't sleep could be because of
many different things. _ However, if you want simple solutions to sleep better then
the following steps can help you get that great night's sleep:
1Sleep on your side.
Sleeping on your side is an acquired taste if all you have been doing is stomach
sleeping. The side position is best for your neck and for improving breathing which is a
common cause for frequently waking. _
2Find the right pillow.
Finding the right pillow is vitally important. _ In the side sleeping position the
pillow should fill the entire space between your neck and the mattress(床垫).Your head
should not be tipped up or down but be in line with your spine（脊椎）． 3 No digital entertainment before bed.
Avoid any forms of digital entertainment at least one hour prior to bed. Digital
entertainment means movies, TV, Xbox, computer/laptop use, even a kindle. _ Trying reading a few pages of non-fiction instead. 4 _ When you eat and got to bed shortly after what happens is that your stomach is still
full of food. This prevents you from breathing properly and can lead to a very disturbed
Plane travel can be tiring especially when the holiday is over. Three happy-go-lucky
video makers decided to provide some _ to passengers returning to San Francisco
Airport in the U.S. and _ “free hugs". The group, from Canada, _ in the
“arrival" gate with the _ “you deserve a hug" chalked up on a board. And their
_ act actually moved one man to tears after they played another by _ ¨Happy
_ smartly with the board in their hands, they seem to be _ by the
passengers. Passengers walk past, focusing on their mobiles, their _ ,or friends
waiting, to avoid being offered a(an) _ .“Everyone thinks we're Uber drivers ,”says
After the “awkward beginning", _ ,things take a _ turn. Their first hug
comes from a woman in a yellow jacket. Passengers began to show the group with smiles, although some appear still puzzled. One female passenger appears _ to be offered a free hug, jumping over to the three men, and being raised into the air. _ passengers became more receptive. Family members waiting for their loved ones to
_ began directing the group to greet incoming passengers. A tender _ is then
shown as the men greet one man, who is called Ani, with a(an) _ performance of
“Happy Birthday". "This week we were lucky to be flown out to San Francisco," reads
the video description on the group's YouTube channel. “We realized how _ we were
to be together and have someone greet us.”
“So we decided we'd try and make some lone travelers' days _ welcoming them they were part of our big happy family.”
A great man died today. He wasn't a world leader or a big figure. He was one of the
_ (great) men who ever lived. He was Joy's father. I guess you might say he was a
person _ was never interested in getting credit or _ ( receive) honors. He did tiny
things like pay his bills on time, go to church on Sunday and serve as an officer in the P.
T.A. He _ (help) his kids with their homework and drove his wife to do the grocery
shopping on Thursday _ (night). He got a great kick out of taking his teenagers and
their friends to and _ football games.
Tonight is Joy's first night _ him. He doesn't know what to do with _ (he). He's thankful that God let him have his father for 15 years. That wonderful man
died _ (peace) with a smile on his face and fulfillment in his heart. He knew that
he was a great success as a husband and a father, a brother ,a son _ a friend
Li Hua and Wang Hai are students of Senior Three. They all work hard but
have different learning methods. Li Hua listens to her teachers attentive and tries
to catch everything the teachers say. She spends more time doing her homework.
It is certain what she can go to bed earlier and always keeps energetic in the day.
However, Wang Hai had a different way of learning. He likes to stay up late
at the night, so he often feels sleepy in class. Thus, he misses lots of key point and
it usually spends him more time to finish his homework, that makes it difficult for
him to concentrate what he is doing. I prefer Li Hua's learning method.
的打T经历。请你用英语给他写一封电子邮件，内容包括： 1．当地旅游资源优势； 2．你的优势条件及收获； 3．分享风景照片。
注意： 1．词数100左右； 2．可以适当增加细节，以使行文连贯； 3．结束语已为你写好。
Best wishes !