• 英语 内江市2016年高三第一次模拟考试
简答题(综合题) 本大题共22分。简答应写出文字说明、证明过程或演算步骤。
1

A

How many hours does it take to be fluent in English?

There are plenty of people in the UK for whom even basic English is a problem.

According to the survey,726,000 people in England and Wales said they could not speak

English well, and another 138,000 said they did not speak it at all.

Ling,40,who arrived five years ago from China, found it difficult to learn English.

¨When I came here l was pregnant and s0 1 was at home for the next three years. It took

me longer to learn as l was very busy with the children.” Eventually she was able to begin

taking classes and now speaks good conversational English. But even with classes, it can

be a long process to pick up the language.

Age is the most important factor in language acquisition, says Mila Vulchanova,

professor of linguistics at the Norwegian University of Science and Technology.¨ There is

a sensitive period in language learning, which is biologically determined, with an onset at

birth and a decline around puberty. So the younger the immigrant, the better. Since this

decline is only gradual, teenagers are at an advantage over adults.” he says.

There are  a  number of systems for grading English. The government expects

immigrants to reach "ESOL Entry 3" or "B1 level" in Scotland, before they can be

granted citizenship. It's equivalent(相当的)  to being able to hold a confident

conversation and-it might take 360 hours of study to achieve.

George Osborne said in June following the spending review that welfare claimants

(申请者)who don't speak English will have their benefits cut if they fail to attend

language courses.

Huan Japes, deputy chief executive of English UK, a trade body for language

colleges, says a rule of thumb is 360 hours-120 hours for each of three stages-to get to

the standard the government expects benefit claimants to reach.

But many of the people who attend courses are visiting students rather than people

settling in the UK. Immigrants tend to have very varied levels of education.

" Using 120 hours( for each stage of English fluency) is a rather traditional approach

to course book learning," says Dr Elaine Boyd, head of English language at Trinity

College London. "If someone is really highly motivated, they can learn really quickly. It's

common for children under the age of 11 to be very immersed and be fluent in about six

months. "

21. The example of Ling is given to show that _ .

Ait's important to speak fluent English

Bmany immigrants attend English classes

Cit's difficult to learn English well

Dmany immigrants can't speak English in England

22. What does Mila Vulchanova mainly stress?

AThe necessity of working hard at English.

BThe function of the sensitive period.

CThe advantages of children's learning English.

DThe importance of starting learning English early.

23. What Dr Elaine Boyd says suggests that .

A120 hours is a standard that is a little low

B120 hours is a standard that is too high

CEnglish fluency can be easily achieved

DEnglish fluency can hardly be achieved

24. The author develops the passage mainly by _'

Ausing survey data

Busing experts' views

Cgiving examples of English learners

Dlisting the facts of English learning

分值: 8分 查看题目解析 >
1

B

Gabby Logan was a gymnast when she was young. She is now the 39-year-old mother

of seven-year-old twins, Reuben and Lois. The other day on TV she was dressed in a new

swimsuit, which was designed to show off her nice figure, which was admired by a great

number of television viewers.

Gabby, who won high praise for her television show of the Olympics, has asked the

woman of the whole nation to go to the swimming pool, saying the secret of her figure is

regular swimming. She is also making advertisements for the new Sculpture Swimwear of

Speedo, an international swimsuit company, to help women find the perfect swimsuit.

Gabby said, "We all felt uneasy about getting into our swimwear at first. But we

should be excited by the sporting achievements we have seen at the Olympics this

summer. To get ourselves a little healthier, have a try and go to the swimming pool. " The

she said," Swimming is the perfect exercise if you want to feel healthy or simply relax. I

find that going for a swim always clears my mind and also gives me some valuable 6 my

time'. I like the calm of swimming which I can't experience when I am not in the pool. "

A study by Speedo, an International company, which sells swimsuits, reported the

biggest reason why women were put off going to the pool was the way they looked in

swimwear. More than half of the l,000 women surveyed have been reduced to tears when

trying on swimwear. And 48 percent said they felt too self-conscious to go swimming with

their children. Sally Polak, from Speedo, said, " We're hoping to give women the courage

and confidence to get back into the water. "

25. What can we learn about Gabby Logan?

AShe has two children of the same age.

BShe appeared on TV to show off her nice figure.

CShe was a swimmer when she was young.

DShe took part in the Olympic Games when she was young.

26. What is the main reason why Gabby has a nice figure?

AShe is a gymnast.

BShe often swims

CShe has a peaceful mind

DShe wears Sculpture Swimwear.

27. The biggest reason why most women were stopped from swimming is _ .

Atheir shy mind of wearing the swimsuit

Btheir being too busy with their housework

Ctheir not being comfortable in the swimsuit

Dtheir being afraid of their child seeing them wear less[

28. What is the author's purpose of writing the text?

ATo introduce a famous woman.

BTo discuss a TV show of the Olympics.

CTo report a way of keeping a good figure.

DTo encourage women to go swimming.

分值: 8分 查看题目解析 >
1

D

Sleepwalking is a sleep disorder. Your child will rise from bed and walk or engage in

other activities that they would normally do when they are awake. Their eyes will be open

but they will appear to be in a dream-like state, and will probably not answer when you

talk to them, although they may carry out conversations. Sleepwalking can last a few

seconds ,a few minutes, or more.

Sleepwalking can be an indication that certain parts of the brain may not be relaxing

properly at bedtime. It can be caused by illness or fever, tiredness, stress or anxiety. It is

thought to occur in the beginning, slow-wave stages of non-rapid eye movement sleep

before dream sleep. It may be related to the lack of magnesium (镁) , and it is very

possible that hormonal(荷尔蒙的)changes in body could cause it.Certainly a child is

more likely to be a sleepwalker if one of his parents suffered, too .

Sleepwalking itself is not dangerous and is generally not a sign of any more worrying

problems. But if your child sleepwalks regularly, you have to take safety measures to make

sure that he doesn't hurt himself while sleepwalking. Makes sure that any doors can't be

opened by a child, and lock doors to the cellar, kitchen and other dangerous places.

Check each night before lights go out for sharp objects or, indeed , anything on the floor

which your child could trip over or hurt himself on.

A child may sleepwalk once and never sleepwalk again. Others may sleepwalk once a

month or so. Still others may sleepwalk almost nightly. If you are worried you should

consult your doctor.

33. What does the second paragraph mainly tell us?

AThe concept of sleepwalking.

BThe causes of sleepwalking.

CSome ways to help sleepwalking.

DThe behaviors during sleepwalking.

34. Which of the following is true according to the passage?

ASleepwalking itself is not dangerous.

BChildren who sleepwalk may answer when you talk to them.

CIf your child sleepwalks regularly, you can just leave him alone.

DSleepwalking is related to the lack of sleep.

35.1t can be inferred from the passage that____.

Asleepwalking may be passed down in a family

Bdrugs that could cure sleepwalking have been developed

Cduring a normal sleep, a person never opens his eyes

Dmost doctors consider sleepwalking as a serious problem

分值: 6分 查看题目解析 >
阅读理解 本大题共4小题,每小题2分,共8分。阅读短文,完成下列小题。
1

C

As the capital of China's Shaanxi Province, Xi'an's long history was properly summed

up by our English-speaking guide: "If Xi'an is the grandmother of cities, Beijing is a

youth and Shanghai is just a baby in the womb. "

However, it was not until 1974, following the chance discovery of the Army of

Terracotta Warriors by well-digging farmers, that Xi'an was once again pushed onto the

international map. Three decades later, the local government is pouring funds into the

tourism sector. Ancient monuments and museums are being restored, and various copies of

Buddhist and Tang heritage are being constructed to help Chinese tourists rediscover their

national heritage.

One of those ancient monuments is the Big Wild Goose Pagoda-Xi'an's most sacred

(神圣的) monument-which was built in 652 by the monk Xuanzang ,who travelled

across India for 18 years and returned with a precious collection of Buddhist sacred texts.

In 1966,the Red Guards burnt the pagoda's scriptures, silk wall hangings and other relics

in a bonfire that raged all night. But that destruction has largely been forgotten as tourists

flock to the newly restored pagoda. The only original remainders-the empty shell of the

seven-storey pagoda-light up at night, standing out in the city's skyline.

Xi'an is also displaying the glories of the ancient Tang Dynasty, with a 165-acre

Tang Paradise Theme Park that is visited by flocks of tourist groups. Although every bit of

this Tang heritage is recreated, it is artistically pleasing, landscaped with ponds and

lakes, classical gardens, bridges, palaces and pavilions. Explore the vast area on a golf

cart, hopping on and off to see shortened operas from the Tang Dynasty days, laser shows

on the lake, highly structured man-made waterfalls, as well as murals and statues of

historical figures ,philosophers and poets.

A 36km drive northeast takes you to Xi'an's most famous attraction, the Army of

Terracotta Warriors. They were made to order in 221BC by the first emperor of China, Qin

Shi Huangdi, who used the forced labour of 700,000 subjects to create a mausoleum(陵

庙) guarded by an entire army.

29. From the passage we can learn that a large sum of money of the local government in

Xi'an is being ploughed into .

Arestoring the monuments

Brestoring the Pagoda

Ctourism industry

Dexploring the history

30. How many historical sites in Xi'an have been referred to in the passage?

AThree.

BFour.

COne.

DSix.

31. What can we learn from the fourth paragraph about the Tang Paradise Theme Park?

AVisitors are pleased with the survivals from the Tang Dynasty.

BThe natural waterfalls in it are very attractive.

CIt is totally recreated but is artistically pleasant.

DVisitors can appreciate the full Tang Dynasty operas.

32. Which of the following can be the best title for the text?

AMake a visit to ancient sites at once.

BChina's ancient capital rises again.

CTravel to the Army of Terracotta Warriors.

DTake a view in the modern city.

分值: 8分 查看题目解析 >
补全信息 本大题共5小题,每小题2分,共10分。把答案填写在题中横线上。
1

根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填人空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两

项为多余选项。

Can't sleep? You turn all night never seeming to get comfortable, never seeming to

feel like you are even close to sleep? I bet you've tried a few different solutions too, warm

milk or maybe even sleeping pills. The reason why you can't sleep could be because of

many different things.  _  However, if you want simple solutions to sleep better then

the following steps can help you get that great night's sleep:

1Sleep on your side.

Sleeping on your side is an acquired taste if all you have been doing is stomach

sleeping. The side position is best for your neck and for improving breathing which is a

common cause for frequently waking.  _

2Find the right pillow.

Finding the right pillow is vitally important.  _ In the side sleeping position the

pillow should fill the entire space between your neck and the mattress(床垫).Your head

should not be tipped up or down but be in line with your spine(脊椎). 3 No digital entertainment before bed.

Avoid any forms of digital entertainment at least one hour prior to bed. Digital

entertainment means movies, TV, Xbox, computer/laptop use, even a kindle.  _ Trying reading a few pages of non-fiction instead. 4 _  When you eat and got to bed shortly after what happens is that your stomach is still

full of food. This prevents you from breathing properly and can lead to a very disturbed

sleep.

stomach.

AHaving a sound sleep is my dream.

BWait three hours after eating.

CThere are five steps to have better sleep.

DStay away from all forms.

EAlways get a check from a health care provider if you have specific concerns.

FThe best pillows are formed to support the neck.

GTry placing a pillow between your knees in order to prevent rolling onto your

分值: 10分 查看题目解析 >
完型填空 本大题共20小题,每小题 1.50分,共30分。
1

阅读下列短文,从短文后各题所给的四个选项(A、B、C和D)中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。

Plane travel can be tiring especially when the holiday is over. Three happy-go-lucky

video makers decided to provide some   _    to passengers returning to San Francisco

Airport in the U.S. and  _    “free hugs". The group, from Canada,  _  in the

“arrival" gate with the    _    “you deserve a hug" chalked up on a board. And their

_   act actually moved one man to tears after they played another by     _ ¨Happy

Birthday".

_ smartly with the board in their hands, they seem to be  _ by the

passengers. Passengers walk past, focusing on their mobiles, their   _   ,or friends

waiting, to avoid being offered a(an)  _ .“Everyone thinks we're Uber drivers ,”says

Thomas Brag.

After the “awkward beginning", _ ,things take a   _   turn. Their first hug

comes from a woman in a yellow jacket. Passengers began to show the group with smiles, although some appear still puzzled. One female passenger appears    _ to be offered a free hug, jumping over to the three men, and being raised into the air.  _ passengers became more receptive. Family members waiting for their loved ones to

_ began directing the group to greet incoming passengers. A tender   _   is then

shown as the men greet one man, who is called Ani, with a(an)   _   performance of

“Happy Birthday". "This week we were lucky to be flown out to San Francisco," reads

the video description on the group's YouTube channel. “We realized how  _ we were

to be together and have someone greet us.”

“So we decided we'd try and make some lone travelers' days  _   welcoming them    they were part of our big happy family.”

41.

Amemory

Bhappiness

Ctrouble

Dcandy

42.

Ashow

Bhave

Cprepare

Doffer

43.

Awaited

Bstood

Csang

Ddanced

44.

Aslogan

Badvertisement

Csuggestion

Dmessage

45.

Aawkward

Bstrange

Ckind

Dinteresting

46.

Asinging

Bwriting

Cdelivering

Dperforming

47.

ASatisfied

BPretended

CFaced

DDressed

48.

Aavoided

Bignored

Cwatched

Dcalled

49.

Aticket

Bchildren

Cwallet

Dluggage

50.

Asmile

Bhug

Cbargain

Dinstruction

51.

Aanyway

Bmoreover

Chowever

Dwhatever

52.

Asudden

Bactive

Cpositive

Dnegative

54.

Aashamed

Bangry

Cembarrassed

Ddelighted

55.

ACarefully

BFinally

CTruly

DSadly

56.

Aarrive

Bleave

Cstudy

Dfollow

57.

Away

Baction

Cmoment

Dman[

58.

Atraditional

Bexcellent

Cspecial

Dshort

59.

Afortunate

Bfunny

Ctroublesome

Dbusy

60.

Aas

Bby

Cfor

Din

Alike

Blikes

Cseem

Dlook

分值: 30分 查看题目解析 >
语法填空 本大题共10小题,每小题1.5分,共15分。把答案填写在题中横线上。
1

阅读下面材料,根据上下文填写空白处所需的内容(1个单词)或所提供单词的

正确形式。

A great man died today. He wasn't a world leader or a big figure. He was one of the

_ (great) men who ever lived. He was Joy's father. I guess you might say he was a

person  _ was never interested in getting credit or  _ ( receive) honors. He did tiny

things like pay his bills on time, go to church on Sunday and serve as an officer in the P.

T.A. He  _ (help) his kids with their homework and drove his wife to do the grocery

shopping on Thursday  _  (night). He got a great kick out of taking his teenagers and

their friends to and  _ football games.

Tonight is Joy's first night  _ him. He doesn't know what to do with  _ (he). He's thankful that God let him have his father for 15 years. That wonderful man

died  _ (peace) with a smile on his face and fulfillment in his heart. He knew that

he was a great success as a husband and a father, a brother ,a son  _ a friend

分值: 15分 查看题目解析 >
填空题 本大题共2小题,每小题10分,共20分。把答案填写在题中横线上。
1

短文改错

假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下作

文。文中共有10处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增

加、删除或修改。

增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(),并在其下面写出该加的词。

删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。

修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。

注意:1.每处错误及其修改均仅限一词; 2.只允许修改10处,多者(从第11处起)不计分。

Li Hua and Wang Hai are students of Senior Three. They all work hard but

have different learning methods. Li Hua listens to her teachers attentive and tries

to catch everything the teachers say. She spends more time doing her homework.

It is certain what she can go to bed earlier and always keeps energetic in the day.

However, Wang Hai had a different way of learning. He likes to stay up late

at the night, so he often feels sleepy in class. Thus, he misses lots of key point and

it usually spends him more time to finish his homework, that makes it difficult for

him to concentrate what he is doing. I prefer Li Hua's learning method.

分值: 10分 查看题目解析 >
1

假如你是李华,你的美国中学生网友( Nick)来信询问你春节期间在家乡当导游

的打T经历。请你用英语给他写一封电子邮件,内容包括: 1.当地旅游资源优势; 2.你的优势条件及收获; 3.分享风景照片。

注意: 1.词数100左右; 2.可以适当增加细节,以使行文连贯; 3.结束语已为你写好。

Dear Nick,

Best wishes !

Yours sincerely,

Li Hua

分值: 25分 查看题目解析 >
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