• 英语 2018年高三四川省第三次模拟试题
单选题 本大题共30小题,每小题1分,共30分。在每小题给出的4个选项中,有且只有一项是符合题目要求。
1

第一节  单项填空(共10小题;每小题1分,满分10分)

    从A, B, C, D四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。

—Oh, must you leave? Having dinner with you was such ______ fun.

—Thanks all the same, but I have to make ______ early start tomorrow morning.

A/; an

Ba; an

C/; the

Da; the

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When interviewed, the family members of the victims said that they didn’t know what ______ without their loved ones.

Athey expect

Bto expect

Cto be expected

Dto have been expected

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He is looking for a job, ______ where he can make the most of his talent.

Ait

Bone

Cthat

Dthe one

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As a green hand, he doesn’t know______ it takes to start a business here.

Awhen

Bhow

Cwhat

Dwhich

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This camera is of good quality. If it ______ break down within the first year, we would replace it with a new one.

Awould

Bmight

Ccould

Dshould

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It’s really difficult to ______ what he is trying to express.

Aleave out

Bpick out

Cwork out

Dmake out

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—Sorry, mom. I didn’t make it to the top 5 in this test.

—______ dear. I know you’ve tried your best.

ATake your time

BThat’s all right

CThat’s right

DMy pleasure

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—What a mistake!

—Yes. I ______ he do it in another way, but without success.

Awas suggesting

Bhave suggested

Cwould suggest

Dhad suggested

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To his surprise, Jack found his son ______ as Santa Claus on Christmas Eve.

Adressed

Bdressing

Cto dress

Dbeing dressed

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With a special train ticket, you can travel______ you’d like to go in England for just over 100 pounds.

Awhat

Bin which

Cwhere

Dwhich

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第一节  阅读下面短文, 从每题所给的四个选项(A, B, C 和D)中, 选出最佳选项。 (共20小题;每小题2分,满分40分)

                                A

        Mattel Inc. isrecalling 4.4 million Polly Pocket toys with magnets(磁铁)after someof them caused serious injuries to children who swallowed magnets that felloff.

        Tiny magnets insidethe toys may fall off without being noticed by parents and babysitters. Themagnets can be swallowed or placed in children’s noses or ears. When more than onemagnet is swallowed, the magnets can attract each other and cause intestineperforation(肠内穿孔)which can be deadly.

        The Consumer ProductSafety Commission(CPSC)received 170reports of the small magnets coming out of these recalled toys. There werethree reports of serious injuries to children who swallowed more than onemagnet. All three suffered intestinal perforations that required operation. A2-year-old child stayed in hospital for seven days and a 7-year-old child washospitalized for 12 days. An 8-yeal-old child was also hospitalized.

        The recalled PollyPocket toys contain plastic dolls and accessories(附件)that havesmall magnets. The magnets measure one-eighth inch in diameter and are fixed inthe hands and feet of some dolls, and even in the plastic clothing, hairpiecesand other accessories to help the pieces stay on the doll or the doll’s house.

        The model number is printed on the bottom of the largestpieces on some of the toys. Contact Mattel if you cannot find a model number onyour product to determine if it is part of the recall. Polly Pocket magnetictoys currently sold in stores are not included in this recall. The modelnumbers included in the recall are: B2632, B3158, B3201, B7118, G8605, H1537,H1538 and H3211. The toys were on sales in department stores and toy storesfrom May 2006 through September 2009 for between $15 and $30.

        Consumers should immediately take these recalled toys awayfrom children and contact Mattel for the return of the toys. For moreinformation contact Mattel at 888 597-6597 anytime or visit the company’s Web site.

The main purpose of the passage is      .

Ato criticize Mattel Inc. for their bad products

Bto inform readers of Polly Pocket toys recall

Cto warn readers the danger of swallowing magnets

Dto suggest some ways to return Polly Pocket toys

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                                A

        Mattel Inc. isrecalling 4.4 million Polly Pocket toys with magnets(磁铁)after someof them caused serious injuries to children who swallowed magnets that felloff.

        Tiny magnets insidethe toys may fall off without being noticed by parents and babysitters. Themagnets can be swallowed or placed in children’s noses or ears. When more than onemagnet is swallowed, the magnets can attract each other and cause intestineperforation(肠内穿孔)which can be deadly.

        The Consumer ProductSafety Commission(CPSC)received 170reports of the small magnets coming out of these recalled toys. There werethree reports of serious injuries to children who swallowed more than onemagnet. All three suffered intestinal perforations that required operation. A2-year-old child stayed in hospital for seven days and a 7-year-old child washospitalized for 12 days. An 8-yeal-old child was also hospitalized.

        The recalled PollyPocket toys contain plastic dolls and accessories(附件)that havesmall magnets. The magnets measure one-eighth inch in diameter and are fixed inthe hands and feet of some dolls, and even in the plastic clothing, hairpiecesand other accessories to help the pieces stay on the doll or the doll’s house.

        The model number is printed on the bottom of the largestpieces on some of the toys. Contact Mattel if you cannot find a model number onyour product to determine if it is part of the recall. Polly Pocket magnetictoys currently sold in stores are not included in this recall. The modelnumbers included in the recall are: B2632, B3158, B3201, B7118, G8605, H1537,H1538 and H3211. The toys were on sales in department stores and toy storesfrom May 2006 through September 2009 for between $15 and $30.

        Consumers should immediately take these recalled toys awayfrom children and contact Mattel for the return of the toys. For moreinformation contact Mattel at 888 597-6597 anytime or visit the company’s Web site.

What did the writer use to show the danger of the problem toys?

a. figures         

b. quotes(引言)  

c. serious cases  

d. description of possible injuries        

e. description of operation scenes

Aabc

Babd

Cacd

Dace

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                                A

        Mattel Inc. isrecalling 4.4 million Polly Pocket toys with magnets(磁铁)after someof them caused serious injuries to children who swallowed magnets that felloff.

        Tiny magnets insidethe toys may fall off without being noticed by parents and babysitters. Themagnets can be swallowed or placed in children’s noses or ears. When more than onemagnet is swallowed, the magnets can attract each other and cause intestineperforation(肠内穿孔)which can be deadly.

        The Consumer ProductSafety Commission(CPSC)received 170reports of the small magnets coming out of these recalled toys. There werethree reports of serious injuries to children who swallowed more than onemagnet. All three suffered intestinal perforations that required operation. A2-year-old child stayed in hospital for seven days and a 7-year-old child washospitalized for 12 days. An 8-yeal-old child was also hospitalized.

        The recalled PollyPocket toys contain plastic dolls and accessories(附件)that havesmall magnets. The magnets measure one-eighth inch in diameter and are fixed inthe hands and feet of some dolls, and even in the plastic clothing, hairpiecesand other accessories to help the pieces stay on the doll or the doll’s house.

        The model number is printed on the bottom of the largestpieces on some of the toys. Contact Mattel if you cannot find a model number onyour product to determine if it is part of the recall. Polly Pocket magnetictoys currently sold in stores are not included in this recall. The modelnumbers included in the recall are: B2632, B3158, B3201, B7118, G8605, H1537,H1538 and H3211. The toys were on sales in department stores and toy storesfrom May 2006 through September 2009 for between $15 and $30.

        Consumers should immediately take these recalled toys awayfrom children and contact Mattel for the return of the toys. For moreinformation contact Mattel at 888 597-6597 anytime or visit the company’s Web site.

The word “recalling” in the first paragraph can be best explained as       .

Ataking back

Bdestroying

Cgiving up

Dexamining

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                                A

        Mattel Inc. isrecalling 4.4 million Polly Pocket toys with magnets(磁铁)after someof them caused serious injuries to children who swallowed magnets that felloff.

        Tiny magnets insidethe toys may fall off without being noticed by parents and babysitters. Themagnets can be swallowed or placed in children’s noses or ears. When more than onemagnet is swallowed, the magnets can attract each other and cause intestineperforation(肠内穿孔)which can be deadly.

        The Consumer ProductSafety Commission(CPSC)received 170reports of the small magnets coming out of these recalled toys. There werethree reports of serious injuries to children who swallowed more than onemagnet. All three suffered intestinal perforations that required operation. A2-year-old child stayed in hospital for seven days and a 7-year-old child washospitalized for 12 days. An 8-yeal-old child was also hospitalized.

        The recalled PollyPocket toys contain plastic dolls and accessories(附件)that havesmall magnets. The magnets measure one-eighth inch in diameter and are fixed inthe hands and feet of some dolls, and even in the plastic clothing, hairpiecesand other accessories to help the pieces stay on the doll or the doll’s house.

        The model number is printed on the bottom of the largestpieces on some of the toys. Contact Mattel if you cannot find a model number onyour product to determine if it is part of the recall. Polly Pocket magnetictoys currently sold in stores are not included in this recall. The modelnumbers included in the recall are: B2632, B3158, B3201, B7118, G8605, H1537,H1538 and H3211. The toys were on sales in department stores and toy storesfrom May 2006 through September 2009 for between $15 and $30.

        Consumers should immediately take these recalled toys awayfrom children and contact Mattel for the return of the toys. For moreinformation contact Mattel at 888 597-6597 anytime or visit the company’s Web site.

All of the following points are covered in the story EXCEPT       .

Athe danger of small magnets

Bthe ways of returning Polly Pocket toys

Cthe methods of recognizing a recalled Polly Pocket toys

Dthe apology made by Mattel Inc.

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                                B

        For many parents,raising a teenager is like fighting a long war, but years go by without anyclear winner. Like a border conflict between neighboring countries, theparent-teen war is about boundaries: Where is the line between what I controland what you do?

        Both sides want peace, but neither feels it has any powerto stop the conflict. In part, this is because neither is willing to admit anyresponsibility for starting it. From the parents’ point of view, the only cause of theirfight is their adolescents’ complete unreasonableness.And of course, the teens see it in exactly the same way, except oppositely.Both feel trapped.

        In this article, I’ll describe three no-win situations thatcommonly arise between teens and parents and then suggest some ways out of thetrap. The first no-win situation is quarrels over unimportant things. Examples includethe color of the teen’s hair, the cleanliness of thebedroom, the preferred style of clothing, the child’sfailure to eat a good breakfast before school or his tendency to sleep until noonon the weekends. Second, blaming. The goal of a blaming battle is to make theother admit that his bad attitude is the reason why everything goes wrong.Third, needing to be right. It doesn’t matter what thetopic is—politics, the laws of physics, or the properway to break an egg—he point of these arguments is to prove that you are right and the otherperson is wrong, for both wish to be considered an authority—someone who actually knows something—andtherefore to command respect. Unfortunately, as long as parents and teenscontinue to assume that they know more than the other, they’ll continue to fight these battles forever and never make any realprogress.

Why does the author compare the parent-teen war to a border conflict?

ABoth can continue for generations.

BBoth are about where to draw the line.

CNeither has any clear winner.

DNeither can be put to an end.

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                                B

        For many parents,raising a teenager is like fighting a long war, but years go by without anyclear winner. Like a border conflict between neighboring countries, theparent-teen war is about boundaries: Where is the line between what I controland what you do?

        Both sides want peace, but neither feels it has any powerto stop the conflict. In part, this is because neither is willing to admit anyresponsibility for starting it. From the parents’ point of view, the only cause of theirfight is their adolescents’ complete unreasonableness.And of course, the teens see it in exactly the same way, except oppositely.Both feel trapped.

        In this article, I’ll describe three no-win situations thatcommonly arise between teens and parents and then suggest some ways out of thetrap. The first no-win situation is quarrels over unimportant things. Examples includethe color of the teen’s hair, the cleanliness of thebedroom, the preferred style of clothing, the child’sfailure to eat a good breakfast before school or his tendency to sleep until noonon the weekends. Second, blaming. The goal of a blaming battle is to make theother admit that his bad attitude is the reason why everything goes wrong.Third, needing to be right. It doesn’t matter what thetopic is—politics, the laws of physics, or the properway to break an egg—he point of these arguments is to prove that you are right and the otherperson is wrong, for both wish to be considered an authority—someone who actually knows something—andtherefore to command respect. Unfortunately, as long as parents and teenscontinue to assume that they know more than the other, they’ll continue to fight these battles forever and never make any realprogress.

What does the underlined part in Paragraph 2 mean?

AThe teens blame their parents for starting the conflict.

BThe teens agree with their parents on the cause of the conflict.

CThe teens accuse their parents of misleading them.

DThe teens tend to have a full understanding of their parents.

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                                B

        For many parents,raising a teenager is like fighting a long war, but years go by without anyclear winner. Like a border conflict between neighboring countries, theparent-teen war is about boundaries: Where is the line between what I controland what you do?

        Both sides want peace, but neither feels it has any powerto stop the conflict. In part, this is because neither is willing to admit anyresponsibility for starting it. From the parents’ point of view, the only cause of theirfight is their adolescents’ complete unreasonableness.And of course, the teens see it in exactly the same way, except oppositely.Both feel trapped.

        In this article, I’ll describe three no-win situations thatcommonly arise between teens and parents and then suggest some ways out of thetrap. The first no-win situation is quarrels over unimportant things. Examples includethe color of the teen’s hair, the cleanliness of thebedroom, the preferred style of clothing, the child’sfailure to eat a good breakfast before school or his tendency to sleep until noonon the weekends. Second, blaming. The goal of a blaming battle is to make theother admit that his bad attitude is the reason why everything goes wrong.Third, needing to be right. It doesn’t matter what thetopic is—politics, the laws of physics, or the properway to break an egg—he point of these arguments is to prove that you are right and the otherperson is wrong, for both wish to be considered an authority—someone who actually knows something—andtherefore to command respect. Unfortunately, as long as parents and teenscontinue to assume that they know more than the other, they’ll continue to fight these battles forever and never make any realprogress.

Parents and teens want to be right because they want to ______.

Agive orders to the other

Bknow more than the other

Cgain respect from the other

Dget the other to behave properly

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                                B

        For many parents,raising a teenager is like fighting a long war, but years go by without anyclear winner. Like a border conflict between neighboring countries, theparent-teen war is about boundaries: Where is the line between what I controland what you do?

        Both sides want peace, but neither feels it has any powerto stop the conflict. In part, this is because neither is willing to admit anyresponsibility for starting it. From the parents’ point of view, the only cause of theirfight is their adolescents’ complete unreasonableness.And of course, the teens see it in exactly the same way, except oppositely.Both feel trapped.

        In this article, I’ll describe three no-win situations thatcommonly arise between teens and parents and then suggest some ways out of thetrap. The first no-win situation is quarrels over unimportant things. Examples includethe color of the teen’s hair, the cleanliness of thebedroom, the preferred style of clothing, the child’sfailure to eat a good breakfast before school or his tendency to sleep until noonon the weekends. Second, blaming. The goal of a blaming battle is to make theother admit that his bad attitude is the reason why everything goes wrong.Third, needing to be right. It doesn’t matter what thetopic is—politics, the laws of physics, or the properway to break an egg—he point of these arguments is to prove that you are right and the otherperson is wrong, for both wish to be considered an authority—someone who actually knows something—andtherefore to command respect. Unfortunately, as long as parents and teenscontinue to assume that they know more than the other, they’ll continue to fight these battles forever and never make any realprogress.

What will the author most probably discuss in the paragraph that follows?

ACauses for the parent –teen conflicts.

BExamples of the parent –teen war.

CSolutions for the parent –teen problems.

DFuture of the parent-teen relationship.

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                                C

        A new study has foundno evidence that sunscreen, commonly used to reduce the risk of skin cancer,actually increases the risk.

        Researchers from theUniversity of Iowa based their findings on a review of 18 earlier studies thatlooked at the association between sunscreen use and melanoma(黑素瘤). They said that theyfound flaws in studies that had reported associations between sunscreenuse and higher risk of melanoma.

        Most health expertsbelieve that by protecting the skin from the harmful effects of the sun,sunscreen helps prevent skin cancer, which is increasing in incidence(发生率)faster than any othercancer in the United States.

        But questions havebeen raised about sunscreen and whether it may have the opposite effect,perhaps by allowing people to remain exposed to the sun longer without burning.

        The researchers saidthat among the problems with some earlier studies is that they often failed totake into account that those people most at risk for skin cancer—people withfair skin and freckles(雀斑), for example—are more likely to use sunscreen. As a result,it may appear that sunscreen users get cancer more often.

        The studies, whichgenerally relied on volunteers to recall their sunscreen use, were also unableto prove how well the products had been applied, said the new study.

The underlined word “flaws” in the 2nd paragraph most probably means      .

Aevidences

Bfacts

Cfaults

Dfailures

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                                C

        A new study has foundno evidence that sunscreen, commonly used to reduce the risk of skin cancer,actually increases the risk.

        Researchers from theUniversity of Iowa based their findings on a review of 18 earlier studies thatlooked at the association between sunscreen use and melanoma(黑素瘤). They said that theyfound flaws in studies that had reported associations between sunscreenuse and higher risk of melanoma.

        Most health expertsbelieve that by protecting the skin from the harmful effects of the sun,sunscreen helps prevent skin cancer, which is increasing in incidence(发生率)faster than any othercancer in the United States.

        But questions havebeen raised about sunscreen and whether it may have the opposite effect,perhaps by allowing people to remain exposed to the sun longer without burning.

        The researchers saidthat among the problems with some earlier studies is that they often failed totake into account that those people most at risk for skin cancer—people withfair skin and freckles(雀斑), for example—are more likely to use sunscreen. As a result,it may appear that sunscreen users get cancer more often.

        The studies, whichgenerally relied on volunteers to recall their sunscreen use, were also unableto prove how well the products had been applied, said the new study.

People with fair skin and freckles        .

Aseldom use sunscreen

Bare more in danger of skin cancer

Ccan be free from the harm of the sun

Doften expose themselves to the sun

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                                C

        A new study has foundno evidence that sunscreen, commonly used to reduce the risk of skin cancer,actually increases the risk.

        Researchers from theUniversity of Iowa based their findings on a review of 18 earlier studies thatlooked at the association between sunscreen use and melanoma(黑素瘤). They said that theyfound flaws in studies that had reported associations between sunscreenuse and higher risk of melanoma.

        Most health expertsbelieve that by protecting the skin from the harmful effects of the sun,sunscreen helps prevent skin cancer, which is increasing in incidence(发生率)faster than any othercancer in the United States.

        But questions havebeen raised about sunscreen and whether it may have the opposite effect,perhaps by allowing people to remain exposed to the sun longer without burning.

        The researchers saidthat among the problems with some earlier studies is that they often failed totake into account that those people most at risk for skin cancer—people withfair skin and freckles(雀斑), for example—are more likely to use sunscreen. As a result,it may appear that sunscreen users get cancer more often.

        The studies, whichgenerally relied on volunteers to recall their sunscreen use, were also unableto prove how well the products had been applied, said the new study.

We can learn from the passage that        .

Asunscreen users get skin cancer more often

Bthe volunteers have proved the effect of sunscreen

Cthe new study was based on the experiences of volunteers

Dthe number of skin cancer patients is increasing in America

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                                C

        A new study has foundno evidence that sunscreen, commonly used to reduce the risk of skin cancer,actually increases the risk.

        Researchers from theUniversity of Iowa based their findings on a review of 18 earlier studies thatlooked at the association between sunscreen use and melanoma(黑素瘤). They said that theyfound flaws in studies that had reported associations between sunscreenuse and higher risk of melanoma.

        Most health expertsbelieve that by protecting the skin from the harmful effects of the sun,sunscreen helps prevent skin cancer, which is increasing in incidence(发生率)faster than any othercancer in the United States.

        But questions havebeen raised about sunscreen and whether it may have the opposite effect,perhaps by allowing people to remain exposed to the sun longer without burning.

        The researchers saidthat among the problems with some earlier studies is that they often failed totake into account that those people most at risk for skin cancer—people withfair skin and freckles(雀斑), for example—are more likely to use sunscreen. As a result,it may appear that sunscreen users get cancer more often.

        The studies, whichgenerally relied on volunteers to recall their sunscreen use, were also unableto prove how well the products had been applied, said the new study.

Which of the following can be the best title for this passage?

ASunscreen to Prevent Skin Cancer

BSunscreen to Increase Skin Cancer

CSkin Cancer Caused by Sunscreen

DSkin Cancer Caused by Freckles

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                                D

        Celebrity(名人) has become one of the most important representatives ofpopular culture. Fans used to be crazy about a specific film, but now thepublic tends to base its consumption(消费) on the interest of celebrity attached to any given product.Besides, fashion magazines have almost abandoned the practice of putting modelson the cover because they don’t sell nearly as well as famous faces. As aresult, celebrities have realized their unbelievably powerful market potential,moving from advertising for others’ products todeveloping their own.

        Celebrity clothinglines aren’t a completely new phenomenon, but in the pastthey were typically aimed at the ordinary consumers, and limited to a few TVactresses. Today they’re started by first-class starswhose products enjoy equal fame with some world top brands. The most successfulstart-ups have been those by celebrities with specific personal style. Ascelebrities become more and more experienced at the market, they expand theirproduction scale rapidly, covering almost all the products of daily life.

        However, for everysuccess story, there’s a related warning tale of a celebrity whoovervalued his consumer appeal. No matter how famous the product’s origin is, if it fails to impress consumers with its ownqualities, it begins to resemble an exercise in self-promotional marketing. Andonce the initial(最初的) attention diesdown, consumer interest might fade, loyalty(忠诚) returning to tried-and-true labels.

        Today, celebritiesface even more severe embarrassment. The pop-cultural circle might be biggerthan ever, but its rate of turnover has speeded up as well. Each misstepthreatens to reduce a celebrity’s shelf life, and the samenewspaper or magazine that once brought him fame has no problem picking him topieces when the opportunity appears. Still, the ego’s(自我的) potential for expansion is limitless. Having alreadyachieved great wealth and public recognition, many celebrities see fashion asthe next frontier to be conquered. As the saying goes, success and failurealways go hand in hand. Their success as designers might last only a shorttime, but fashion—like celebrity—hasalways been temporary.

Fashion magazines today       .

Aseldom put models on the cover

Bno longer put models on the cover

Cneed not worry about celebrities’ market potential

Djudge the market potential of every celebrity correctly

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                                D

        Celebrity(名人) has become one of the most important representatives ofpopular culture. Fans used to be crazy about a specific film, but now thepublic tends to base its consumption(消费) on the interest of celebrity attached to any given product.Besides, fashion magazines have almost abandoned the practice of putting modelson the cover because they don’t sell nearly as well as famous faces. As aresult, celebrities have realized their unbelievably powerful market potential,moving from advertising for others’ products todeveloping their own.

        Celebrity clothinglines aren’t a completely new phenomenon, but in the pastthey were typically aimed at the ordinary consumers, and limited to a few TVactresses. Today they’re started by first-class starswhose products enjoy equal fame with some world top brands. The most successfulstart-ups have been those by celebrities with specific personal style. Ascelebrities become more and more experienced at the market, they expand theirproduction scale rapidly, covering almost all the products of daily life.

        However, for everysuccess story, there’s a related warning tale of a celebrity whoovervalued his consumer appeal. No matter how famous the product’s origin is, if it fails to impress consumers with its ownqualities, it begins to resemble an exercise in self-promotional marketing. Andonce the initial(最初的) attention diesdown, consumer interest might fade, loyalty(忠诚) returning to tried-and-true labels.

        Today, celebritiesface even more severe embarrassment. The pop-cultural circle might be biggerthan ever, but its rate of turnover has speeded up as well. Each misstepthreatens to reduce a celebrity’s shelf life, and the samenewspaper or magazine that once brought him fame has no problem picking him topieces when the opportunity appears. Still, the ego’s(自我的) potential for expansion is limitless. Having alreadyachieved great wealth and public recognition, many celebrities see fashion asthe next frontier to be conquered. As the saying goes, success and failurealways go hand in hand. Their success as designers might last only a shorttime, but fashion—like celebrity—hasalways been temporary.

A change in the consumer market can be found today that       .

Aprice rather than brand name is more concerned

Bproducers prefer models to celebrities for advertisements

Cproducers prefer TV actresses to film stars for advertisements

Dquality rather than the outside of products is more concerned

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                                D

        Celebrity(名人) has become one of the most important representatives ofpopular culture. Fans used to be crazy about a specific film, but now thepublic tends to base its consumption(消费) on the interest of celebrity attached to any given product.Besides, fashion magazines have almost abandoned the practice of putting modelson the cover because they don’t sell nearly as well as famous faces. As aresult, celebrities have realized their unbelievably powerful market potential,moving from advertising for others’ products todeveloping their own.

        Celebrity clothinglines aren’t a completely new phenomenon, but in the pastthey were typically aimed at the ordinary consumers, and limited to a few TVactresses. Today they’re started by first-class starswhose products enjoy equal fame with some world top brands. The most successfulstart-ups have been those by celebrities with specific personal style. Ascelebrities become more and more experienced at the market, they expand theirproduction scale rapidly, covering almost all the products of daily life.

        However, for everysuccess story, there’s a related warning tale of a celebrity whoovervalued his consumer appeal. No matter how famous the product’s origin is, if it fails to impress consumers with its ownqualities, it begins to resemble an exercise in self-promotional marketing. Andonce the initial(最初的) attention diesdown, consumer interest might fade, loyalty(忠诚) returning to tried-and-true labels.

        Today, celebritiesface even more severe embarrassment. The pop-cultural circle might be biggerthan ever, but its rate of turnover has speeded up as well. Each misstepthreatens to reduce a celebrity’s shelf life, and the samenewspaper or magazine that once brought him fame has no problem picking him topieces when the opportunity appears. Still, the ego’s(自我的) potential for expansion is limitless. Having alreadyachieved great wealth and public recognition, many celebrities see fashion asthe next frontier to be conquered. As the saying goes, success and failurealways go hand in hand. Their success as designers might last only a shorttime, but fashion—like celebrity—hasalways been temporary.

The underlined sentence in Paragraph 4 indicates that any wrong step will possibly      .

Adecrease the popularity of a celebrity and the sales of his products

Bdamage the image of a celebrity in the eyes of the general public

Ccut short the artistic career of a celebrity in show business

Dinfluence the price of a celebrity’s products

分值: 2分 查看题目解析 >
1

                                D

        Celebrity(名人) has become one of the most important representatives ofpopular culture. Fans used to be crazy about a specific film, but now thepublic tends to base its consumption(消费) on the interest of celebrity attached to any given product.Besides, fashion magazines have almost abandoned the practice of putting modelson the cover because they don’t sell nearly as well as famous faces. As aresult, celebrities have realized their unbelievably powerful market potential,moving from advertising for others’ products todeveloping their own.

        Celebrity clothinglines aren’t a completely new phenomenon, but in the pastthey were typically aimed at the ordinary consumers, and limited to a few TVactresses. Today they’re started by first-class starswhose products enjoy equal fame with some world top brands. The most successfulstart-ups have been those by celebrities with specific personal style. Ascelebrities become more and more experienced at the market, they expand theirproduction scale rapidly, covering almost all the products of daily life.

        However, for everysuccess story, there’s a related warning tale of a celebrity whoovervalued his consumer appeal. No matter how famous the product’s origin is, if it fails to impress consumers with its ownqualities, it begins to resemble an exercise in self-promotional marketing. Andonce the initial(最初的) attention diesdown, consumer interest might fade, loyalty(忠诚) returning to tried-and-true labels.

        Today, celebritiesface even more severe embarrassment. The pop-cultural circle might be biggerthan ever, but its rate of turnover has speeded up as well. Each misstepthreatens to reduce a celebrity’s shelf life, and the samenewspaper or magazine that once brought him fame has no problem picking him topieces when the opportunity appears. Still, the ego’s(自我的) potential for expansion is limitless. Having alreadyachieved great wealth and public recognition, many celebrities see fashion asthe next frontier to be conquered. As the saying goes, success and failurealways go hand in hand. Their success as designers might last only a shorttime, but fashion—like celebrity—hasalways been temporary.

The passage is mainly about       .

Acelebrity and personal style

Bcelebrity and market potential

Ccelebrity and fashion design

Dcelebrity and clothing industry

分值: 2分 查看题目解析 >
1

                                E

        Humanremains of ancient settlements will be reburied and lost to science under a lawthat threatens research into the history of humans in Britain, a group ofleading archaeologists(考古学家) says. In a letter addressed to the justicesecretary, Ken Clarke, 40 archaeologists write of their “deep and widespread concern” about theissue. It centers on the law introduced by the Ministry of Justice in 2008which requires all human remains unearthed in England and Wales to be reburiedwithin two years, regardless of their age. The decision means scientists havetoo little time to study bones and other human remains of national and culturalsignificance.

        “Your current requirement that all archaeologically unearthed humanremains should be reburied, whether after a standard period of two years orfurther special extension, is contrary to basic principles of archaeologicaland scientific research and of museum practice,” theywrite.

        Thelaw applies to any pieces of bone uncovered at around 400 dig sites, includingthe remains of 60 or so bodies found at Stonehenge in 2008 that date back to3,000 BC. Archaeologists have been granted a temporary extension to give themmore time, but eventually the bones will have to be returned to the ground.

        Thearrangements may result in the waste of future discoveries at sites such asHappisburgh in Norfolk, where digging is continuing after the discovery ofstone tools made by early humans 950,000 years ago. If human remains were foundat Happisburgh, they would be the oldest in northern Europe and the firstindication of what this species was. Under the current practice of the lawthose remains would have to be reburied and effectively destroyed.

        Before2008, guidelines allowed for the proper preservation and study of bones ofsufficient age and historical interest, while the Burial Act 1857 applied tomore recent remains. The Ministry of Justice assured archaeologists two yearsago that the law was temporary, but has so far failed to revise it.

        MikeParker Pearson, an archaeologist at Sheffield University, said: “Archaeologists have been extremely patient because we were led tobelieve the ministry was sorting out this problem, but we feel that we cannotwait any longer.”

        Theministry has no guidelines on where or how remains should be reburied, or onwhat records should be kept.

According to the passage, scientists are unhappy with the law mainly because _______.

Ait is only a temporary measure on the human remains

Bit is unreasonable and thus destructive to scientific research

Cit was introduced by the government without their knowledge

Dit is vague about where and how to rebury human remains

分值: 2分 查看题目解析 >
1

                                E

        Humanremains of ancient settlements will be reburied and lost to science under a lawthat threatens research into the history of humans in Britain, a group ofleading archaeologists(考古学家) says. In a letter addressed to the justicesecretary, Ken Clarke, 40 archaeologists write of their “deep and widespread concern” about theissue. It centers on the law introduced by the Ministry of Justice in 2008which requires all human remains unearthed in England and Wales to be reburiedwithin two years, regardless of their age. The decision means scientists havetoo little time to study bones and other human remains of national and culturalsignificance.

        “Your current requirement that all archaeologically unearthed humanremains should be reburied, whether after a standard period of two years orfurther special extension, is contrary to basic principles of archaeologicaland scientific research and of museum practice,” theywrite.

        Thelaw applies to any pieces of bone uncovered at around 400 dig sites, includingthe remains of 60 or so bodies found at Stonehenge in 2008 that date back to3,000 BC. Archaeologists have been granted a temporary extension to give themmore time, but eventually the bones will have to be returned to the ground.

        Thearrangements may result in the waste of future discoveries at sites such asHappisburgh in Norfolk, where digging is continuing after the discovery ofstone tools made by early humans 950,000 years ago. If human remains were foundat Happisburgh, they would be the oldest in northern Europe and the firstindication of what this species was. Under the current practice of the lawthose remains would have to be reburied and effectively destroyed.

        Before2008, guidelines allowed for the proper preservation and study of bones ofsufficient age and historical interest, while the Burial Act 1857 applied tomore recent remains. The Ministry of Justice assured archaeologists two yearsago that the law was temporary, but has so far failed to revise it.

        MikeParker Pearson, an archaeologist at Sheffield University, said: “Archaeologists have been extremely patient because we were led tobelieve the ministry was sorting out this problem, but we feel that we cannotwait any longer.”

        Theministry has no guidelines on where or how remains should be reburied, or onwhat records should be kept.

Which of the following statements is true according to the passage?

ATemporary extension of two years will guarantee scientists enough time.

BHuman remains of the oldest species were dug out at Happisburgh.

CHuman remains will have to be reburied despite the extension of time.

DScientists have been warned that the law can hardly be changed.

分值: 2分 查看题目解析 >
1

                                E

        Humanremains of ancient settlements will be reburied and lost to science under a lawthat threatens research into the history of humans in Britain, a group ofleading archaeologists(考古学家) says. In a letter addressed to the justicesecretary, Ken Clarke, 40 archaeologists write of their “deep and widespread concern” about theissue. It centers on the law introduced by the Ministry of Justice in 2008which requires all human remains unearthed in England and Wales to be reburiedwithin two years, regardless of their age. The decision means scientists havetoo little time to study bones and other human remains of national and culturalsignificance.

        “Your current requirement that all archaeologically unearthed humanremains should be reburied, whether after a standard period of two years orfurther special extension, is contrary to basic principles of archaeologicaland scientific research and of museum practice,” theywrite.

        Thelaw applies to any pieces of bone uncovered at around 400 dig sites, includingthe remains of 60 or so bodies found at Stonehenge in 2008 that date back to3,000 BC. Archaeologists have been granted a temporary extension to give themmore time, but eventually the bones will have to be returned to the ground.

        Thearrangements may result in the waste of future discoveries at sites such asHappisburgh in Norfolk, where digging is continuing after the discovery ofstone tools made by early humans 950,000 years ago. If human remains were foundat Happisburgh, they would be the oldest in northern Europe and the firstindication of what this species was. Under the current practice of the lawthose remains would have to be reburied and effectively destroyed.

        Before2008, guidelines allowed for the proper preservation and study of bones ofsufficient age and historical interest, while the Burial Act 1857 applied tomore recent remains. The Ministry of Justice assured archaeologists two yearsago that the law was temporary, but has so far failed to revise it.

        MikeParker Pearson, an archaeologist at Sheffield University, said: “Archaeologists have been extremely patient because we were led tobelieve the ministry was sorting out this problem, but we feel that we cannotwait any longer.”

        Theministry has no guidelines on where or how remains should be reburied, or onwhat records should be kept.

What can be inferred about the British law governing human remains?

AThe Ministry of Justice did not intend it to protect human remains.

BThe Burial Act 1857 only applied to remains uncovered before 1857.

CThe law on human remains hasn’t changed in recent decades.

DThe Ministry of Justice has not done enough about the law.

分值: 2分 查看题目解析 >
1

                                E

        Humanremains of ancient settlements will be reburied and lost to science under a lawthat threatens research into the history of humans in Britain, a group ofleading archaeologists(考古学家) says. In a letter addressed to the justicesecretary, Ken Clarke, 40 archaeologists write of their “deep and widespread concern” about theissue. It centers on the law introduced by the Ministry of Justice in 2008which requires all human remains unearthed in England and Wales to be reburiedwithin two years, regardless of their age. The decision means scientists havetoo little time to study bones and other human remains of national and culturalsignificance.

        “Your current requirement that all archaeologically unearthed humanremains should be reburied, whether after a standard period of two years orfurther special extension, is contrary to basic principles of archaeologicaland scientific research and of museum practice,” theywrite.

        Thelaw applies to any pieces of bone uncovered at around 400 dig sites, includingthe remains of 60 or so bodies found at Stonehenge in 2008 that date back to3,000 BC. Archaeologists have been granted a temporary extension to give themmore time, but eventually the bones will have to be returned to the ground.

        Thearrangements may result in the waste of future discoveries at sites such asHappisburgh in Norfolk, where digging is continuing after the discovery ofstone tools made by early humans 950,000 years ago. If human remains were foundat Happisburgh, they would be the oldest in northern Europe and the firstindication of what this species was. Under the current practice of the lawthose remains would have to be reburied and effectively destroyed.

        Before2008, guidelines allowed for the proper preservation and study of bones ofsufficient age and historical interest, while the Burial Act 1857 applied tomore recent remains. The Ministry of Justice assured archaeologists two yearsago that the law was temporary, but has so far failed to revise it.

        MikeParker Pearson, an archaeologist at Sheffield University, said: “Archaeologists have been extremely patient because we were led tobelieve the ministry was sorting out this problem, but we feel that we cannotwait any longer.”

        Theministry has no guidelines on where or how remains should be reburied, or onwhat records should be kept.

Which of the following might be the best title of the passage?

ANew discoveries should be reburied, the government demands.

BResearch time should be extended, scientists require.

CLaw on human remains needs thorough discussion, authorities say.

DLaw could bury ancient secrets for ever, archaeologists warn.

分值: 2分 查看题目解析 >
填空题 本大题共5小题,每小题30分,共150分。把答案填写在题中横线上。
1

第二节   完形填空(共20小题;每题1.5分,满分30分)

    阅读下面短文,掌握其大意,然后从11—30 各题所给的四个选项(A、B、C、D)中,选出最佳答案。

        It was her giggling(咯咯的笑)that drew my attention. Note taking really wasn’t all that funny.

        Walking over to the offender, I asked for the  11  . Frozen, she refused to give it to me. I waited, all attention in the classroom on the quiet  12   between teacher and student. When she finally  13  it over, she whispered, “Okay, but I didn’t draw it.”

        It was a hand-drawn  14  of me, teeth blackened and the words “I’m stupid” coming out of my mouth.

        I managed to fold it up calmly. My mind,  15  , was working angrily as I struggled not to  16  . I figured I knew the two most likely candidates for drawing the picture. It would do them some  17  to teach them a lesson, and maybe it was high time that I did it!

        Thankfully, I was able to keep myself  18  .

        When there were about six minutes remaining, I showed the class the picture. They were all silent as I told them how  19  this was for me. I told them there must be a reason  20  and now was their chance to write down anything they needed to tell me. Then I let them write silently while I sniffed in the back of the classroom.

        As I  21  the notes later, many of them said something like, “I’ve got nothing against you.” or “I’m sorry you were hurt.” Some kids said, “We’re  22  of you.” But two notes, from the girls who I  23  were behind the picture, had a list of issues. I was too  24  , too strict…

        Reading those notes, I realized that over the course of this year, instead of  25  my students, I had begun commanding them to  26  . Where I thought I was driving them to success, I was  27   driving them away.

        I had some apologies to make. But the next day in the classroom, one boy and one girl each handed me a card. The one  28  by all the boys expressed sincere regret for the ugly joke. The one from the girls asked for  29  .

        This was a lesson for both the kids and me. Forgiveness does not change the past, but it does enlarge the  30  .

11.

    A. note          B. advice          

    C.reason        D.help

12.

    A. battle          B. competition     

    C. argument    D. conversation

13.

    A. took             B. thought             

    C. turned          D.handed

14.

    A. statue           B. graph              

    C. picture          D.poster

15.

    A. otherwise      B. however         

    C.therefore        D. besides

16.

    A. leave              B. cry                  

    C. explain           D.argue

17.

    A. good              B.harm                 

    C. favor              D.punishment

18.

    A. amused          B. controlled        

    C. uninterested   D. relaxed

19.

    A. meaningful     B.forgetful       

    C. regretful         D. hurtful

20.

    A. aside               B. above             

    C. beneath          D. behind

21.

    A. wrote              B.finished             

    C.read                 D. collected

22.

    A. proud             B. fond                 

    C.afraid               D.ashamed

23.

    A. figured            B. promised            

    C.concluded        D. saw

24.

    A. talkative          B. mean               

    C. clumsy             D. considerate

25.

    A. forcing             B. encouraging           

    C.comforting        D. teaching

26.

    A. appreciate        B. apologize            

    C.compromise      D. achieve

27.

    A. actually             B. normally        

    C.immediately       D. generally

28.

    A. decorated        B. offered               

    C.signed               D.bought

29.

    A. thankfulness    B.forgiveness     

    C. compensation  D. communication

30. 

    A. friendship         B. education           

    C. knowledge        D. future

分值: 30分 查看题目解析 >
1

第二节 补全对话(共5小题;每小题2分,满分10分)

    根据对话内容,从对话后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余选项。

    A: What’s your opinion about this design?  51 

    B: I have never seen a better one.  52 

    A: Thanks. I was afraid that you wouldn’t like it.

    B: Really?  53 

    A: We will have to hire some famous models for theadvertisement.

    B: It may cost a lot. But it will really bring in morebenefit for us.  54 

    A: Who do you like better, the models from home or abroad?

    B: I think models from home may be more popular among theyoung. They may bring better results.

    A: That’s true.  55  OK, let’schoose the best models now.

分值: 10分 查看题目解析 >
1

第一节 阅读表达 (共5小题;每小题2分,满分10分)

    阅读下面短文,并按照题目要求回答问题。(注意题目里词数的要求)

        There were smiling children all the way. Clearly they knew at what time the train passed their homes and they made it their business to stand along the railway, wave to complete strangers and cheer them up as they rushed towards Penang. Often whole families stood outside their homes and waved and smiled as if those on the trains were their favorite relatives. This is the simple village people of Malaysia. I was moved.

        I had always traveled to Malaysia by plane or car, so this was the first time I was on a train. I did not particularly enjoy the long train journey and had brought along a dozen magazines to read and reread. I looked about the train. There was not one familiar face. I sighed and sat down to read my Economics.

        It was not long before the train was across the Causeway and in Malaysia. Johore Baru was just another city like Singapore, so I was tired of looking at the crowds of people as they hurried past. As we went beyond the city, I watched the straight rows of rubber trees and miles and miles of green. Then the first village came into sight. Immediately I came alive; I decided to wave back.

        From then on my journey became interesting. I threw my magazines into the waste basket and decided to join in Malaysian life. Then everything came alive. The mountains seemed to speak to me. Even the trees were smiling. I stared at everything as if I was looking at it for the first time.

        The day passed fast and I even forgot to have my lunch until I felt hungry. I looked at my watch and was surprised that it was 3:00 pm. Soon the train pulled up at Butterworth. I looked at the people all around me. They all looked beautiful. When my uncle arrived with a smile, I threw my arms around him to give him a warm hug(拥抱). I had never done this before. He seemed surprised and then his weather-beaten face warmed up with a huge smile. We walked arm in arm to his car.

        I looked forward to the return journey.

56. What did the author think of her train trip at first? (Within5 words)

                                                     

57. Where was the writer going? (Within 2 words)

                                                     

58. How did the author plan to kill her time on the train? (Within5 words)

                                                     

59. Why did the uncle feel surprised when the author gave him awarm hug? (Within 10 words)

                                                     

60. What did the author remember most fondly ofher train trip? (Within 5 words)

                                                    

分值: 10分 查看题目解析 >
1

第二节 短文改错(共10小题;每小题1.5分,满分15分)

    下面短文中共有10处语言错误,请在有错误的地方增加、删除或修改。每句最多有两处错误。

    增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧),并在其下面写出该加的词。

    删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。

    修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。

注意:1每处错误及其修改均仅限一词;

        2只允许修改10处,多者(从第11处起)不记分。

Dear diary,

        Here I am in the middle of a city, 350 miles far away from our farmhouse. Do you want to know why we move last week? Dad lost his job, and as mom explained, he was lucky to find other one. His new job meant I had to say goodbye to my classmate, my school or just everything else in the world. To make matters bad, now I have to share a room with my younger sister, Maggie. Tomorrow is first day of school. I am awfully tiring, but I know I’ll never fall sleep. Good night and remember, you, my dear diary, is my only souvenir from my past life and my only friend.

分值: 15分 查看题目解析 >
1

第三节 书面表达 (满分35分)

    假设你叫李华,你的一个朋友John刚从美国归来,邀请你参加本周日在他家举办的朋友聚会,但你不能参加,请你根据以下要点给他写一封电子邮件:

    1表达想参加的意愿;

    2忙于准备高考;

    3由于感冒,身体不适;

    4表示歉意并另约时间。

注意:可适当添加细节以使行文连贯;词数120左右,开头和结尾已给,不计入总字数。

DearJohn,

                                                                                                                

                                                    Yours,

                                                    LiHua

分值: 35分 查看题目解析 >
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