ABOUT BC BOOK PRIZES
The BC Book Prizes, established in 1985, celebrate the achievements of British Columbia writers and publishers.
The seven Prizes are presented annually at the Lieutenant Governors BC Book Prizes Gala in the spring, with the winner of The Lieutenant Governors Award for Literary Excellence being announced beforehand at the annual BC Book Prizes Soiree (an evening party).
The Prizes are administered and awarded by members of a non-profit society who represent all aspects of the publishing and writing community.
· The book must have an ISBN (International Standard Book Number).
· The book must have a print run of at least 350 copies.
· The book must be at least 48 pages long unless it is a children’s picture book in which case it must be at least 24 pages long.
· The book must show in print that it was published in the appropriate eligible (具备条件的) year.
· The main language of the book must be English.
· Three copies of the submitted book must be provided for the judges for each prize category entered.
· Submissions must be made using the BC Book Prizes Official Entry Form.
Expectations of finalists and winners
· The publishers of finalist book will be expected to participate in the shared cost of print ads placed in BC newspapers announcing the finalists. Cost per book is $100.
· All publishers, authors and illustrators are invited to attend the Soiree, which is a free event.
· Tickets to the Lieutenant Governor’s BC Book Prizes Gala are not provided to finalists, so must be paid for by the authors/illustrators or their publishers.
【语篇导读】本文是一篇说明文，描述了the BC Book Prizes，内容包括该奖项的设立时间，对获选该奖项书籍及作者的要求等信息。
21. What can we learn about the BC Book Prizes?
22. Which of the following books could be accepted for submission?
23. What’s the purpose of the passage?
When I saw my 10-year-old avoiding the dirty plate in the sink or my 8-year-old feeling uncomfortable about the wet sand in her hands, Im reminded of a time when I was unwilling to get my hands a little dirty.
My parents owned a 500-acre farm in Montana to raise animals, such as cows, sheep, horses and so on. It was during the time of new life (a newborn lamb or a calf) that my favorite childhood memory took place. One exceptionally cold day, I was checking on the sheep with my mother when she spied a ewe (母羊) in trouble. The poor thing was trying to deliver her baby lamb and needed our help. My mother calmly held the ewe’s head and instructed me to grab hold of the two protruding（突出）legs.
I hesitated, and must have had quite a look of panic on my young face. The slimy little things were definitely not something I wanted to touch. But I worked up my courage and wrapped my fingers around them. I can still recall the feel of unexpectedly weak legs and their sharp little hooves as if it happened yesterday.
My heart pounded in fear and excitement as I pulled with all my strength. The lamb was delivered safely, and Id never seen anything so beautiful.
I was no stranger to seeing farm animals being born, but to have a hand in it was something I treasured then and will treasure forever. I remember feeling excited with delight to see my lamb being licked clean by her mother, and Im sure everyone got very tired of hearing me tell and retell my heroic story. Looking back, Im so glad that I didnt refuse to get my hands dirty. If I had, the wonderful moment and the precious memory would have been lost.”
24. What impressed the writer most during her childhood?
25. How did the author feel when she was asked to help a ewe deliver her baby?
26. What point does the author try to make in the last paragraph?
27. What could be the best title for the passage?
Michael Phelps has broken a 2,000-year-old Olympic record by winning more individual titles than Leonidas of Rhodes. Who was this athlete whose record (12 individual titles) has taken 2000 years to beat?
Phelps has a total of 22 Olympic gold medals, but in terms of individual titles he has only just passed the greatest athlete of the ancient world. Leonidas of Rhodes competed in four Olympiads in 164 BC, 160 BC, 156 BC and 152 BC and in each of these he won three different foot races.
The three events at which he won were the stadion, a sprint(短跑) of roughly 200m; the diaulos, which was twice the distance of the stadion; and the race in armour(盔甲).
Unlike most races, the race in armour required competitors to wear heavy armour, possibly including a helmet, a breastplate, shin armour and a shield made from bronze and wood.
“He broke through the distinction between sprinters and endurance（耐力） athletes,” says Paul Cartledge, professor of classics at the University of Cambridge. The race in armour had not previously been considered suitable for sprinters. “They were running in armour, the temperature would be 40℃. You can imagine how it would be in that race. It required completely different muscles and gymnastic skills.”
“There is very little biographical information about Leonidas, and no images of him survive, says Cartledge. But his name coming from the Greek word for lion - suggests he was a man of distinction. After his death, he was respected as a local god in Rhodes, says Swaddling, the director of a museum. He was also venerated in ancient Greek literature. Pausanias described him as the most famous runner. In the 3rd Century, Philostratus the Athenian wrote in his Gymnastikos that Leonidas's achievement proved that not all received wisdom about athletic training and body types was true.
A statue of him in Rhodes displayed the legend: “He had the speed of a God.” Quite a reputation for Phelps to live up to.
【语篇导读】本文是一篇记叙文，主要讲述了Leonidas of Rhodes的荣誉和赛绩，以及对他所参加的比赛的介绍。
28. How many individual titles has Phelps won in the Olympics?
29. What can be inferred from the text?
30. The underlined word “venerated” is closest in meaning to ______.
31. What question does the author mainly discuss?
In the 1500’s when the Spanish moved into what later was to become the southwestern United States, they came across the ancestors of the modern-day Pueblo, Hopi, and Zuni peoples. These ancestors, known variously as the basket makers, the Anasazi, or the Ancient ones, had lived in the area for at least 2,000 years. They were an advanced agricultural people who used irrigation to help grow their crops.
The Anasazi lived in houses constructed of adobe (土砖) and wood. Anasazi houses were originally built in holes and were entered from the roof. But around the year 700 A.D., the Anasazi began to build their homes above ground and join them together into groups of multistoried large buildings, which the Spanish called pueblos or villages. Separate rooms under the ground in these pueblos known as kivas were set aside for religious ceremonies. Each kiva had a hole that was believed to lead to the underworld. The largest pueblos had five stories and more than 800 rooms.
The Anasazi family was matrilinear (母系遗传). The holy objects of the family were under the control of the oldest female, but the actual ceremonies were conducted by her brother, or son. Women owned the rooms in the pueblo and the crops, once they were harvested. While still growing, crops belonged to the men, who, in contrast to most other Native American groups, planted them. The women made baskets and pottery; the men made cloth and jewelry.
Each village had two chiefs. The village chief dealt with land disputes (争议) and religious affairs. The war chief led the men in fighting during occasional conflicts that broke out with neighboring villages and directed the men in community building projects. The solid political and social organization of the Anasazi made it almost impossible for other groups to conquer them.
32. What do we know about the Anasazi people?
33. What does the underlined word "they"(Paragraph 3) refer to?
34. What can be concluded from the text?
35. What can best describe the Anasazi?
A company in the USA is paying its workers to sleep more. Staff at the insurance company Aetna will get $300 a year 61 bd blank (add) to their salary if they get at least seven hours of sleep a night. They will get just over a dollar for each night they sleep over seven hours. The idea behind this plan is employee 62 bd blank (perform). Human resources 63 bd blank (official) say workers will work more effectively if they have slept well. A workforce that is more rested means the company will perform 64 bd blank (well). Staff can either record their sleep automatically, 65 bd blank (use) a wrist monitor, or record by hand how long they have slept every night.
66 bd blank number of studies warn that not sleeping enough can affect our ability to do our job. The American Academy of Sleep Medicine said that the average worker in the USA loses 11.3 working days of productivity a year from a lack 67 bd blank sleep. This 68 bd blank (cost) companies about $2,280 for one worker. It estimates (估计) that the US economy loses $63.2 billion a year mainly 69 bd blank workers do not sleep more than seven hours a night. A 2015 study by the Rand Corporation showed that staff members sleeping less than seven hours per night 70 bd blank (find) far less productive than workers having eight or more hours of sleep.
注意：1. 每处错误及其修改均仅限一词；2. 只允许修改10处，多者（从第11处起）不计分。
I have learnt so much things from my parents. They show me when to be a tolerant（宽容） person. When children make mistakes, most parents who are hard with their kids will be very angry. They say some hurting words, making their children to feel sad. Besides, my parents are different from them. Every time I make mistakes, my parents prefer to educate me in a gently way. I’m so grateful to my parents all that they have done.
How to Become a Scientist
Here is some advice for students who think they might like to become scientists.
____bd blank__ One of the most important things you can do to become a good scientist is practice watching everything carefully. Find a comfortable chair and put it in the middle of your garden or a park. Sit in the chair for thirty minutes or an hour. Watch the insects that fly past or land on the plants. Look at the shapes of leaves and branches. Listen to the sounds of insects. ____ bd blank __ Use a microscope to look closely at interesting objects.Learn everything you can about a topic that interests you. Suppose you’d like to explore flowers by using a microscope. Go to the library and check out some flower books. See what you can find on the Internet. Pick some flowers and carefully taken them apart.
_____ bd blank _ The more you know about flowers from reading about them and observing them, the more you’ll understand when you look at them with a microscope. Ask for help from a knowledgeable person. After you’ve learned everything you can on your own, ask someone else to help with questions you still have. Maybe there’s someone at a nearby school or museum who knows about insects, spiders, or something else you’d like to learn about.
___ bd blank ___ Find a scientist to talk to or find a place where scientific research is being done. If you still want to learn more, you can find a scientist to talk to at a nearby university, or research station. ____ bd blank __ Explain what you’re interested in. Ask if you can schedule a time to visit. Most scientists are happy to talk to students who share their passion for science.
One afternoon I’d been driving down the freeway when I spotted what looked like a stalled (熄火的) car. I 41 bd blank that other cars had slowed in order to briefly look at the stalled car. I decided to 42 bd blank behind the car and find out what was going on. Suddenly, a(n) 43 bd blank woman steps out, and she appears to be in pain. I approached the woman asking if I can 44 bd blank . She said, “Please call my husband. I am trying to get to the 45 bd blank . I am about to give birth!” 46 bd blank as I was, I said, “We have no 47 bd blank for that. Quick! Get in my car and I will 48 bd blank you.”
I tried to drive both quickly and steadily 49 bd blank my passenger would not move around a lot. I also tried offering a 50 bd blank talk on the way, like “Everything’s going to be ok.” and “We’re almost there.” 51 bd blank, we met no obstacle all the way and arrived at the hospital in no time. It seemed a bit 52 bd blank to answer the staff’s questions about her since we’d just met a few minutes before and I knew 53 bd blank about her outside of her name.