• 2017年高考真题 英语 (天津卷)
单选题 本大题共15小题,每小题1分,共15分。在每小题给出的4个选项中,有且只有一项是符合题目要求。

1. —Albert’s birthday is on next Saturday, and I’m planning a surprise party for him.

—__________. I’ll bring some wine.

ASounds like fun

BIt depends

CJust a minute

DYou are welcome

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2. My room is a mess, but I __________clean it before I go out tonight. I can do it in the morning.





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3. —I want to see Mr. White. We have an appointment.

—I’m sorry, but he is not ________ at the moment, for the meeting hasn’t ended.





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4. She asked me _______ I had returned the books to the library, and I admitted that I hadn’t.





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5. Mr. and Mrs. Brown would like to see their daughter _________, get married, and have kids.

Asettled down

Bkeep off

Cget up

Dcut in

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6. Nowadays, cycling, along with jogging and swimming, _________ as one of the best all-round forms of exercise.


Bis regarded

Care regarded


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7. —Michael was late for Mr. Smith’s chemistry class this morning.

—________? As far as I know, he never came late to class.

ASo what

BWhy not

CWho cares

DHow come

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8. I ________down to London when I suddenly found that I was on the wrong road.

Awas driving

Bhave driven

Cwould drive


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9. My eldest son, _______ work takes him all over the world, is in New York at the moment.





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10. I was watching the clock all through the meeting, as I had a train ______.



Cto catch

Dto be caught

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11. It was when I got back to my apartment ______ I first came across my new neighbors.





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12. When you drive through the Redwood Forests in California, you will be _________ trees that are over 1,000 years old.





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13. We offer an excellent education to our students. ________, we expect students to work hard.

AOn average

BAt best

CIn return

DAfter all

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14. The hospital has recently obtained new medical equipment, _____ more patients to be treated.

Abeing allowed


Chaving allowed


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15. —Do you have Betty’s phone number?

—Yes. Otherwise, I ______able to reach her yesterday.

Ahadn’t been

Bwouldn’t have been


Dwouldn’t be

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简答题(综合题) 本大题共90分。简答应写出文字说明、证明过程或演算步骤。



At my heaviest I weighed 370 pounds. I had a very poor relationship withfood: I used it to   16    bad feelings, to make myself feel better, andto celebrate. Worried about my health, I tried many different kinds of

       17       but nothing worked. I came to believe that Icould do nothing about my    18   .

       When I was50, my weight problem began to affect me    19   .I didn’t want to live the rest of my life with this    20   weight any more.

       That year,I    21    aseminar where we were asked to create a project that would touch the world. Aseminar leader shared her   22    story —she had not only 125 lost pounds, butalso raised $25,000 for homeless children.

          23    by her story, I created the As We Heal(痊愈), the WorldHeals    24   . My goal was to lose 150 pounds in oneyear and raise $50,000   25   amovement founded 30 years ago to end hunger. Thiscombination of healing myself and healing the world    26    me as the perfect solution.

         27    I began my own personal weight program, I wasfilled with the fear that I would   28    the same difficulties that beat me before.While the    29    hungover my head, there were also signs that I was headed down the right    30   .I sent letters to everyone I knew, telling them about my project. It workedperfectly. Donations began    31    in from hundreds of people.

       Of course,I also took some practical steps to lose weight. I consulted with a physician(内医生), I hired afitness coach, and I began to eat small and   32    meals. My fund-raising focus also gave me newmotivation to exercise     33   .

       A yearlater, I    34    my goal: I lost 150 pounds and raised $50,000!I feel that I’ve been given a second life to devote to something that is    35    and enormous.

(16) A. add   B. mix  C.kill  D. share

(17) A.diets  B. drinks C. fruitsD. dishes

(18) A. height B. ability  C.wisdom  D. weight

(19) A.temporarily B. recently C.seriouslyD. secretly

(20) A. ideal  B.extraC. normal D. low

(21) A.attended B. organized  C. recommended D.mentioned

(22) A. folkB. success C.adventure  D. science

(23)A.Surprised B. Amused  C.Influenced D. Disturbed

(24) A.project B. business  C. system D.custom

(25) A. in searchof B.in need of C. in place of  D. in support of

(26) A. scared B. considered C.confused D. struck

(27) A. As   B. Until  C. If  D. Unless

(28) A. getoverB. run into  C. look for D.put aside

(29) A. excitement   B.joy  C.anger  D. fear

(30) A. row B. hall  C.path  D. street

(31) A.breaking B. floodingC.jumping  D. stepping

(32) A.heavy  B. full  C.expensive D. healthy

(33) A.regularly   B. limitlessly  C. suddenly D. randomly

(34) A. set B. reached   C. missed  D. dropped

(35) A.stressful  B. painful   C. meaningful D. peaceful

分值: 30分 查看题目解析 >

17.第二部分:阅读理解 (共20小题; 每小题2.5分,满分50分)


Suppose you’re in a rush, feeling tired, not paying attention to yourscreen, and you send an email that could get you in trouble.

Realisation will probably set in seconds after you’ve clicked “send”. Youfreeze in horror and burn with shame.

What to do? Here are four common email accidents, and how to recover.

Clicking “send” too soon

Don’t waste your time trying to find out if the receiver has read it yet.Write another email as swiftly as you can and send it with a brief titleexplaining that this is the correct version and the previous version should beignored.

Writing the wrongtime

The sooner you notice, the better. Respond quickly and briefly, apologisingfor your mistake. Keep the tone measured: don’t handle it too lightly, aspeople can be offended, especially if your error suggests a misunderstanding oftheir culture(i.e. incorrect ordering of Chinese names).

Clicking “reply all”unintentionally

You accidentally reveal(透露)to the entire company whatmenu choices you would prefer at the staff Christmas dinner, or what holidayyou’d like to take. In this instance, the best solution is to send a quick,light-hearted apology to explain your awkwardness. But it can quickly rise tosomething worse, when everyone starts hitting “reply all” to join in a long andunpleasant conversation. In this instance, step away from your keyboard toallow everyone to calm down.

Sending an offensive messageto its subject

The most awkward email mistake is usually committed in anger. You writean unkind message about someone, intending to send it to a friend, butaccidentally send it to the person you’re discussing. In that case, ask tospeak in person as soon as possible and say sorry. Explain your frustrationscalmly and sensibly—see it as an opportunity to clear up any difficulties you mayhave with this person.

(36)After realisingan email accident, you are likely to feel _______. A. curious     B. tired   C. awful    D. funny 

(37)If you havewritten the wrong name in an email, it is best to ________.A. apologise in aserious mannerB. tell the receiver to ignore the errorC. learn to write thename correctlyD. send a short notice to everyone

(38)What shouldyou do when an unpleasant conversation is started by your “reply all” email?A.Try offering other choices.B. Avoid further involvement.C. Meet other staffmembers.D. Make a light-hearted apology.

(39)How shouldyou deal with the problem caused by an offensive email?A. By promising not tooffend the receiver again.B. By seeking support from the receiver’s friends.C.By asking the receiver to control his anger.D. By talking to the receiver faceto face.

(40)What is thepassage mainly about?A. Defining email errors.B. Reducing email mistakes.C.Handling email accidents.D. Improving email writing.

分值: 12.5分 查看题目解析 >


Fifteen years ago, I took a summer vacationin Lecce in southern Italy. After climbing up a hill for a panoramic(全景的) view of the blue sea, whitebuildings and green olive trees, I paused to catch my breath and thenpositioned myself to take the best photo of this panorama.

       Unfortunately, just as I took out mycamera, a woman approached from behind, and planted herself right in front ofmy view. Like me, this woman was here to stop, sigh and appreciate the view.

       Patient as I was, after about 15 minutes,my camera scanning the sun and reviewing the shot I would eventually take, Igrew frustrated. Was it too much to ask her to move so I could take just onepicture of the landscape? Sure, I could have asked her, but something preventedme from doing so. She seemed so content in her observation. I didn’t want tomess with that.

       Another 15 minutes passed and I grewbored. The woman was still there. I decided to take the photo anyway. And nowwhen I look at it, I think her presence in the photo is what makes the imageinteresting. The landscape, beautiful on its own, somehow comes to life andbreathes because this woman is engaging with it.

       This photo, with the unique beauty thatunfolded before me and that woman who “ruined” it, now hangs on a wall in mybedroom. What would she think if she knew that her figure is captured(捕捉) and frozen on some stranger’sbedroom wall? A bedroom, after all, is a very private space, in which somewoman I don’t even know has been immortalized(使……永存). In some ways, she lives in my house.

       Perhaps we all live in each others’spaces. Perhaps this is what photos are for: to remind us that we allappreciate beauty, that we all share a common desire for pleasure, for connection,for something that is greater than us.

       That photo is a reminder, a capturedmoment, an unspoken conversation between two women, separated only by a thinsquare of glass.

(41)What happenedwhen the author was about to take a photo?A. Her camera stopped working.B. Awoman blocked her view.C. Someone asked her to leave.D. A friend approachedfrom behind.

(42)According tothe author, the woman was probably_______.A. enjoying herselfB. losing herpatienceC. waiting for the sunsetD. thinking about her past

(43)In the author’sopinion, what makes the photo so alive?A. The rich color of the landscape.B.The perfect positioning of the camera.C. The woman’s existence in the photo.D.The soft sunlight that summer day.

(44)The photo onthe bedroom wall enables the author to better understand ________.A. the needto be close to natureB. the importance of private spaceC. the joy of thevacation in ItalyD. the shared passion for beauty

(45)The passagecan be seen as the author’s reflections upon _________.A. a particular lifeexperience     B. the pleasure oftravelingC. the art of photographyD. a lost friendship

分值: 12.5分 查看题目解析 >

  This month, Germany’s transport minister,Alexander Dobrindt, proposed the first set of rules for autonomous vehicles(自主驾驶车辆). They would define the driver’srole in such cars and govern how such cars perform in crashes where lives mightbe lost.

The proposalattempts to deal with what some call the “death valley” of autonomous vehicles: the grey area between semi-autonomous and fully driverless cars thatcould delay the driverless future.

Dobrindt wants three things: that a caralways chooses property(财产) damage over personal injury; that it never distinguishes betweenhumans based on age or race; and that if a human removes his or her hands fromthe driving wheel — to check email, say — the car’s maker is responsible ifthere is a crash.

“The change to the road traffic law willpermit fully automatic driving,” says Dobrindt. It will put fully driverlesscars on an equal legal footing to human drivers, he says.

Who is responsible for the operation of suchvehicles is not clear among car makers, consumers and lawyers. “The liability(法律责任) issue is the biggest one ofthem all,” says Natasha Merat at the University of Leeds, UK.

An assumption behind UK insurance fordriverless cars, introduced earlier this year, insists that a human “bewatchful and monitoring the road” at every moment.

But that is not what many people have inmind when thinking of driverless cars. “When you say ‘driverless cars’, peopleexpect driverless cars.” Merat says. “You know — no driver.”

Because of the confusion, Merat thinks somecar makers will wait until vehicles can be fully automated without operation.

Driverless cars may end up being a form ofpublic transport rather than vehicles you own, says Ryan Calo at StanfordUniversity, California. That is happening in the UK and Singapore, wheregovernment-provided driverless vehicles are being launched.

That would go down poorly in the US,however. “The idea that the government would take over driverless cars andtreat them as a public good would get absolutely nowhere here,” says Calo.

(46)What does thephrase “death valley” in Paragraph 2 refer to?A. A place where cars often breakdown.B. A case where passing a law is impossible.C. An area where no driving ispermitted. D. A situation where drivers’ role is not clear.

(47)The proposalput forward by Dobrindt aims to __________.A. stop people from breaking trafficrulesB. help promote fully automatic drivingC. protect drivers of all ages andracesD. prevent serious property damage

(48)What doconsumers think of the operation of driverless cars?A. It should get theattention of insurance companies.B. It should be the main concern of lawmakers.C. It should not cause deadly traffic accidents.D. It should involve nohuman responsibility.

(49)Driverlessvehicles in public transport see no bright future in _________.A. SingaporeB.the UK           C. the US       D. Germany

(50)What could bethe best title for the passage?A. Autonomous Driving: Whose Liability?    B. Fully Automatic Cars: A NewBreakthroughC. Autonomous Vehicles: Driver Removed!D. Driverless Cars: Root ofRoad Accidents

分值: 12.5分 查看题目解析 >


I read somewhere that we spend a full thirdof our lives waiting. But where are we doing all of this waiting, and what doesit mean to an impatient society like ours? To understand the issue, let’s takea look at three types of “waits”.

    The very purest form of waiting is theWatched-Pot Wait. It is without doubt the most annoying of all. Take filling upthe kitchen sink(洗碗池) as anexample. There is absolutely nothing you can do while this is going on but keepboth eyes fixed on the sink until it’s full. During these waits, the brainslips away from the body and wanders about until the water runs over the edgeof the counter and onto your socks. This kind of wait makes the waiter helplessand mindless.

A cousin to the Watched-Pot Wait is theForced Wait. This one requires a bit of discipline. Properly preparing packagednoodle soup requires a Forced Wait. Directions are very specific. “Bring threecups of water to boil, add mix, simmer three minutes, remove from heat, letstand five minutes.” I have my doubts that anyone has actually followed theprocedures strictly. After all, Forced Waiting requires patience.

Perhaps the most powerful type of waiting isthe Lucky-Break Wait. This type of wait is unusual in that it is for the mostpart voluntary. Unlike the Forced Wait, which is alsovoluntary, waiting for your lucky break does not necessarily mean that it willhappen.

Turning one’s life into a waiting gamerequires faith and hope, and is strictly for the optimists among us. On thesurface it seems as ridiculous as following the directions on soup mixes, butthe Lucky-Break Wait well serves those who are willing to do it. As long as onedoesn’t come to rely on it, wishing for a few good things to happen never hurtsanybody.

We certainly do spend a good deal of our timewaiting. The next time you’re standing at the sink waiting for it to fill whilecooking noodle soup that you’ll have to eat until a large bag of cash falls outof the sky, don’t be desperate. You’re probably just as busy as the next guy.

(51)While doing aWatched-Pot Wait, we tend to ___________.A. keep ourselves busyB. getabsent-mindedC. grow anxiousD. stay focused

(52)What is thedifference between the Forced Wait and the Watched-Pot Wait?A. The Forced Waitrequires some self-control.B. The Forced Wait makes people passive.C. TheWatched-Pot Wait needs directions.D. The Watched-Pot Wait engages body andbrain.

(53) What can welearn about the Lucky-Break Wait?A. It is less voluntary than the ForcedWait.B. It doesn’t always bring the desired result. C. It is more fruitful thanthe Forced Wait.D. It doesn’t give people faith and hope.

(54) What doesthe author advise us to do the next time we are waiting?A. Take it seriously.B.Don’t rely on others.C. Do something else.D. Don’t lose heart.

(55)The authorsupports his view by _________.A. exploring various causes of “waits”B.describing detailed processes of “waits”C. analyzing different categories of “waits”D.revealing frustrating consequences of “waits”

分值: 12.5分 查看题目解析 >



In the years of my growing up, Dad was strict with me. He made sureI made my bed and did my homework. He would call in advance to make sure therewas no alcohol at the party. I got so angry with him for laying down the law. Iwould scream, “ I hate you!” Dad would yell back, “Good! I don’t care!” Deepdown I knew he did.

   One time at a party, I drank too muchalcohol and got so sick. I said, “ Call my dad.” Next thing, Dad was carryingme to the car. I woke up the next morning, thinking I would definitely be criticised.As expected, I got a roasting, but I now understand why I needdiscipline.

Dad was 29 when he got his big roles infilms. I had an early start at the age of nine with a role in a 1990s TVseries, but it wasn’t until I finished film studies that I pursued my career asan actress. Like those early days for Dad, I faced lots of rejections. Workingin such a competitive industry, I’ve sometimes thought, “I can’t do this anymore.”

Once, after a trip to Hollywood, I returnedto Australia so depressed and spent months in my bedroom painting, listening toEckhart Tolle’s music and trying to find myself again. Dad sat me down andsaid,“Alice, I knowit’s hard, but it’s all about persistence(坚持不懈).”

Now I get to work with Dad a lot, which Ilove. We both passionate about acting, which comes from us being so interestedin people. If it weren’t for Dad, I wouldn’t be where I am today. He’s mybiggest fan, and when you have that in your life you can go a long way.

(56)What rulesdid Alice’s father set for her when she was growing up?(no more than 15 words)

(57) What doesthe underlined part in Paragraph 2 mean? (no more than 5 words)

(58)What did Alice’sfather do when she felt depressed? (no more than 5 words)

(59)According tothe last paragraph, what do Alice and her father have in common? (no more than10 words)

(60)What do youthink of Alice’s father? Please explain. (no more than 20 words)

分值: 10分 查看题目解析 >
书面表达 本大题共25分。

22.假设你是李津,与你以前的外籍教师Mrs. Green 一直保持联系。近日她来信询问你的近况,请根据以下提示给她回复一封邮件。








参考词汇:第十三届全运会  the 13th National Games

Dear Mrs. Green,

I’m glad to hear from you.______________________________________________________________




Li Jin

分值: 25分 查看题目解析 >
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