Born in the State of New York on May 14th, 1984, Mark Zuckerberg was an instant success. In his high school years, he was considered one of top students in the classics, before moving into the arts, sciences, and literature, again picking up high marks and receiving academic praise. It earned him admission to Harvard University.
As a rebellious yet relatively quiet student, he created a website called Facemash in the university– an instantly controversial website that encouraged students to rate each other based on appearance.
The site was controversial for several reasons. The first was its illegal use of photographs, which the university and students took issue with. The second was its controversial nature – not every student like being ranked based on their appearance. The third was its huge resource use – while it was hosted on Harvard servers, it was the most popular page in the university’s entire network.
Zuckerberg was soon forced to shut the site down, but its popularity and controversy had made him consider its future potential. He soon turned the simple site into a personal one for Harvard students, encouraging them to network with their peers at the college. It was then, together with his two friends, that they launched “The Facebook”, which immediately spread to other colleges and grew into a public service that anyone could access in the United States, whether to network with friends and family, or to play games.
The company has been criticized frequently, nevertheless, Zuckerberg has remained true to his initial vision – to create a website that the entire world can use to communicate openly and easily with one another and to keep the user experience clean and pure. The end result is one of the world’s biggest online businesses.
Although its true value is debatable, it’s safe to say that Facebook, and its creator Mark Zuckerberg, are two of the twenty-first century’s most influential, controversial, and potentially powerful figures.
24. When Mark Zuckerberg was a student, he_____________________.
25. The reason why Zuckerberg shut the site down was probably that__________.
26.Which words can best describe Zuckerberg?
27. The best title of the passage should be________________.
When you're on the go, your best friend and resource can be your phone. In the age of smart phones, apps are like guiding stars: They can point you in the right direction for a hotel, list expenses, send postcards, and much more. When used together, these apps can be the basic travel tool, placing a wealth of information at your fingertips no matter where you are on the planet. U.S. News Travel has picked the essential travel apps, known for their utility and reliability. Best of all, they cost absolutely nothing.
Your Personal Travel Agent
Be your own travel agent and plan every detail of your trip—from car rental to accommodating restaurants—with Trip It. You can make travel schedule by hand, or simply forward the email confirmations of your flight, rental car, train tickets, and hotels to plans.
Your Go-To Meteorologist(气象学者)
Stop trying to explain the weather forecast on the evening news (particularly when it's in a foreign language). The Weather Free app informs you (in English) of the climate in various locations. It features the local weather, and other key factors that will inform your decision about what to wear before stepping outside.
Your Event Guru
When you're in a foreign city, you sometimes look around and ask: Where are all the people? Goby has the answer. This app pinpoints the neighborhood hot spots (including museums, hotels, eateries, and more) in your neighborhood. But its true value comes in finding nearby events. You'll discover concerts, plays, and more right around the corner.
21. What is the advantage of using travel apps picked by the U.S. News Travel?
22. With the help of the travel apps used together, travelers can do the following things EXCEPT__________.
23. Where are the readers likely to read the passage above?
Have you ever found yourself in this situation: You hear a song you used to sing when you were a child – a bit of nostalgia(怀旧) or “blast from the past,” as we say. But it is not a distant childhood memory. The words come back to you as clearly as when you sang them all those years ago.
Researchers at the University of Edinburgh studied the relationship between music and remembering a foreign language. They found that remembering words in a song was the best way to remember even one of the most difficult languages.
Here is what they did. Researchers took 60 adults and randomly divided them into three groups of 20. Then they gave the groups three different types of “listen-and-repeat” learning conditions. Researchers had one group simply speak the words. They had the second group speak the words to a rhythm, or beat. And they asked the third group to sing the words.
All three groups studied words from the Hungarian language for 15 minutes. Then they took part in a series of language tests to see what they remembered.
Why Hungarian, you ask? Researchers said they chose Hungarian because not many people know the language. It does not share any roots with Germanic or Romance languages, such as Italian or Spanish. After the tests were over, the singers came out on top. The people who learned these new Hungarian words by singing them showed a higher overall performance. They did the best in four out of five of the tests. They also performed two times better than those who simply learned the words by speaking them.
Dr. Katie Overy says singing could lead to new ways to learn a foreign language. The brain likes to remember things when they are contained in a catchy 3, or memorable 4, tune 5.
Dr. Ludke said the findings could help those who struggle to learn foreign languages. On the University of Edinburgh’s website Dr. Ludke writes, “This study provides the first experimental evidence that a listen-and-repeat singing method can support foreign language learning, and opens the door for future research in this area.”
28. The “song” mentioned in the first paragraph is intended to__________.
29. According to the passage which language doesn’t share the same root with Germanic or Romance languages?
30. Based on the last two paragraphs, we can conclude that __________
31. In which situation can the finding of the research be applied?
Walt Disney World is banning selfie-sticks from its theme parks because selfie-sticks have become a growing safety concern for both our guests and cast," Disney World spokeswoman Kim Prunty said.
Under a new policy, which takes effect Tuesday, the poles won’t make it past the bag check at any Disney World theme park. The sticks also won't be allowed in Disney World water parks or Disney Quest, a gaming attraction at Downtown Disney. Selfie-sticks will also become forbidden at Disneyland Resort in California on June 30. The prohibition begins at Disney's parks in Paris and Hong Kong on July 1.
Guests will be checked for the equipment during the routine bag check that happens near the parks' entrances. They will have an option of turning in their selfie-sticks for pick-up later or to go back to their cars or hotel rooms to keep them. Visitors will be told of the policy in locations such as the parking lots and at the resort's hotels. The prohibition will be added to the park rules post on Disney World's website.
The issue has been building at Disney. Previously, the sticks were prohibited from its rides, and "no selfie-sticks" signs were at select rides, such as Big Thunder Mountain Railroad at Magic Kingdom. Cast members have given oral warnings to rule breakers.
Selfie-stick users put smartphones and cameras on the ends of poles to extend their reach, frequently capturing theme-park moments through self-portraits. The tools have been banned in public places – including some museums and stadiums – worldwide for obstructing views or causing safety issues.
Disney World already prohibits items such as skateboards, inline skates, wagon, folding chairs and glass containers, according to its official website, which also lists “other items that we determine may be harmful .”
Universal Orlando has banned selfie-sticks and other loose items from certain thrill rides at Universal Studios and Islands of Adventure theme parks, but it has not set parkwide bans.
32.Which of the following objects has already been banned in Disney theme parks before the new policy takes effect?
33. According to the ban, if the guests are found carrying selfie-sticks during the routine bagcheck, they may __________.
34. The underlined word in the fifth paragraph probably means__________.
35. According to the passage, it can be inferred that__________
People from every corner flooded into the streets that Christmas Eve. "Frosty the Snowman," and "Jingle Bells" in stores; on the pavements, the street singers performed happily. Everyone, was by someone else, delighted and cheerful. I was alone.
As one of 8 kids of a Brazilian family, brought up in America's crowded apartment, I'd spent several years searching for aloneness. Now, at 27, a college student after the with my girlfriend , every cell inside me wanted to be alone, not at Christmas. My family had to Brazil and my friends were with their own lives. Dusk was approaching, and the fact that I had to return to my home made me sad. Lights from windows blinked, and I hoped someone would from one of those homes to invite me inside with a Christmas tree decorated with shiny fake snow and presents.
At a market, I felt more when people were buying lots of goods, which the gifts we received as children in my mind . I missed my family and wanted to cry for wanting to be alone and for having achieved it.
Outside the church , a manger(小耶稣) had been set . I stood with others watching the scene, some of them themselves, praying. As I walked home, I realized that leaving Brazil was still a painful experience as I struggled with I had become in 15 years in America. I'd mourned the but for the first time, I recognized what I’d gained. I was independent, and healthy. My life was still ahead, full of .
Sometimes the best gift is the one that you give yourself. That Christmas, I gave myself for what I'd obtained up to now and promise to go forward. It is the best gift I've ever got, the one that I most .
Inrecent years many TV shows have become extremely popular among Chineseaudience. Those programs, ranging from talent or dating shows to reality shows (receive) both commercial success andpublic attention.
Theirpopularity is (main) based on simple facts. First,they care social concerns. Second, withoutexception, they explore a perfect balance between the international forms andChinese expressions.
Despiteapparent highlights, much room (leave) for improvement.Above all, commercial interests often outweigh education） purposes,causing many complaints about the (bearable)advertisements. In addition, some sharp remarks, they areeye-catching, may have misleading effects on the youth.
In myopinion, such shows should shoulder more responsibility instead of merely (entertain) the public. is expected, these programs should bepositive in their forms as well as functions. Meanwhile, the (medium)should also safeguard thevalues of oursociety.
Sunny 31st ,July
It was sunny today and I was in a good mood. Tired of studying or the noise of city life, I come to the ecology park to enjoy scenery and get relaxing in the afternoon.
While I arrived at the park, what came into its sight were the thick green trees. The air was fresh. In addition, I could clearly see a path around the pond. Lying on the grasses decorated with various flowers, I felt with ease because all that I wanted was peace inside.
Therefore, with time going by quickly, the sun was setting in the west. So I had to return back home. I would never forget such romantic experience, which was really beyond description.
In your life, sometimes you may be asked to speak in front of a large group of people. Although it sounds a little scary, even those with stage fright can speak successfully to the group with adequate preparation.Practice your speech before the big day. 36 If possible, practice the speech in front of a friend or family member to get used to saying it to real people. If you feel you must have note cards, limit the amount to about three cards. This will force you to keep your speech concise and help you keep your eyes focused on your audience.
Remember why you've been invited to speak. If you're battling fear over speaking to a large group of people, keep your mind on the fact that you were selected for this important role. The speech organizers must have seen something valuable in you or your expertise. 37 Remember that fear of public speaking is very common. 38 Most of the people in the audience would be feeling the same fear and stress that you do in your position. Knowing this may make you feel better. 39 What you say should be tailored to why you're there and who you're speaking to in order to avoid sounding general. If speaking to a charity group, mention the good work certain specific individuals have done for the cause. If speaking at a business conference, briefly state why you want to help these people.Keep eye contact with the crowd. 40 Pick one person in each section and look at him while you're speaking. After each important point in your speech, switch your focus to another section. When you focus only on one person at a time, the size of the crowd isn't as frightening.A. A good memory is really helpful. B. Show appreciation to your audience.C. Mention your audience in your speech.D. The more you have it memorized, the better.E. In fact, it's normal to feel nervous or stressed out before a big speech.F. Separate the crowd into three sections mentally as you get up to speak.G. The knowledge of other people's respect for you should reduce some of the fear.
39.假如你是李华，最近你在澳大利亚布里斯班的home stay打算来中国旅游并来看望你，来之前有些问题要咨询你，请根据下面home stay的电子邮件用英语回一封电子邮件。
Hope you and your family are well. We have booked a tour to see the sights of China in March. In the travel we plan to fly to Wuhan to see you .How does that sound? Because we are going to stay in your city for two days, so can you keep us informed of your arrangements about our stay and how can we get to your city from the airport? By the way, which hotel we had better reserve in your city?
Waiting for your reply!
Steven and Karen
注意：1. 词数100字左右；2. 可适当增加细节，以使行文连贯；3. 写作内容不要透露你所在城市的任何信息，推荐酒店为White Swan Hotel。
Hi Steven and Karen，
I’ m more than thrilled to know that you are going to be with us for two days and _____________________________________________________________________________
Looking forward to your coming !