• 英语 长沙市2017年高三第二次月考
简答题(综合题) 本大题共18分。简答应写出文字说明、证明过程或演算步骤。
1

Book 1: Diary of a Fly

——ByDoreen Cronin

40pages, US$15.99

Thisis the diary of a fly.The fly, when she's not landing on your head or swimmingin your soup, is trying to escape her 327 brothers and sisters who are drivingher crazy. Even though she's little—just like her best friends, Worm andSpider—she wants to be a superhero. This is the story of a little fly who's notafraid to dream big.

Book2: Iggy Peck, Architect

——ByAndrea Beaty

32pages, US$15.95

Thisbook is a story about a kid whose head teacher does not recognize his greattalent (though he makes buildings out of anything at hand, including tablecloths, fruit and chalk) until it saves her life.With Andrea Beaty's rhymingtext and David Roberts's interesting illustrations(插图), this book will charm creativekids everywhere.

Book3: The Chicken­Chasing Queen of Lamar County

——ByJanice N.Harrington

40pages, US$16.00

Ourcharacter here loves to run after chickens, particularly Miss Hen, who's veryfat.But, as all farming folk know, this is not a good way to produce happy,productive chickens.What will make her change her ways? The author is aprofessional storyteller and this book is full of fun, and has greatillustrations.

Book4: Cherry and Olive

——ByBenjamin Lacombe

32pages, US$16.95

Children'sbooks can quickly take little readers into new worlds, such as the big city,1930s Georgia, or outer space.This book takes us on a little trip to someEuropean capitals.Cherry is fat and likes books, and she has few friends untilshe meets a Shar­Pei puppy(沙皮狗).She names itOlive.Through it she finds confidence and friendship.But what will happen whenits owner returns?



1.What do we know about the fly in Book 1?

AShe is honest but stubborn.

BShe is stupid but interesting.

CShe is brave and ambitious.

DShe is loyal and courageous.

2.What can we learn from the text?

AThe fly in Book 1 enjoys staying with her siblings.

BThe head teacher in Book 2 thinks highly of the kid.

CMiss Hen in Book 3 produces less chickens.

DBook 4 is the cheapest of the four books.

3.Whose book is recommended if you are interested in European cities?

ADoreen Cronin.

BAndrea Beaty.

CJanice N.Harrington.

DBenjamin Lacombe.

4.The books mentioned above are for__________.

Achildren

Bteachers

Cparents

Darchitects

分值: 8分 查看题目解析 >
1

假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中共有10处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。

增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧),并在其下面写出该加的词。

删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。

修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。

注意:1 每处错误及其修改均仅限一词;2 只允许修改10处,多者(从第11处起)不计分。

51.I was walking home late at night since I heard someone walking behind me.I

looked back, but it was too darkness to see clearly.As soon as I heard the footsteps,

I started to feel nervous.Just then, I could hear a person behind me walking faster.I

began to run and noticed a woman carried a bag was walking slowly in front of me.The

moment I began to run, she did nothing but threw her bag, screaming. Then she turned

to face me a look of terror on her face.When I saw this, I stopped running and tried to

smile at them.At that moment, the person that footsteps had frightened me walked by,

looking curiously at all of us.

分值: 10分 查看题目解析 >
阅读理解 本大题共4小题,每小题2分,共8分。阅读短文,完成下列小题。
1

B

I went through a very hard time several years ago, when my daughters were nine and six years old. Though I had just divorced and had very little money, I managed to get a job in a nursing home as an aide(护工) for the elderly and moved in with a “friend” to share living expenses.

But one day, when I came home with my daughters after work, I found the whole house empty. And later, I found that my “friend” had run away with the half of the rent I had paid her the day before and the deposit(押金) of $300.As a result, I had to leave the house, because I had only about $11 left, and payday was three days away—I was unable to pay the rent, and I didn't know anyone to turn to. I slept in the car in a park nearby with my daughters for the night, and called the manager of the nursing home the next morning, hoping that she could pay me early. Fortunately, she agreed.

Then I bought something for my daughters for breakfast, and when we sat down at a table in the park, an old man—dirty, needing a shave, and smelly—sort of a beggar, handed me all the money in his pocket, saying that he was sorry to overhear my story and that he wanted to be of some help. I started crying, and I folded his hand back over the money, hugged him as tightly as I could and told him we were going to be just fine.

I will never forget that day, when God showed me what true generosity meant and when he showed me love from the most unexpected place, in the most unlikely way. On that day I saw the face of an angel, and the way I viewed others changed forever.

5.What can we learn from the first paragraph?

AThe author had just lost her job.

BThe author had a friend working as an aide.

CThe author had broken up with her husband.

DThe author was going to give birth to a baby.

6.Why did the author leave the house that evening?

ABecause she didn't like the house.

BBecause she was angry with her “friend”.

CBecause her daughters wanted to sleep in the park.

DBecause she didn't have enough money to pay the rent.

7.According to the passage, we can conclude that __________.

Athe author got her pay ahead of payday

Bthe author had met the man who helped her before

Cthe author got a large sum of money when she left her husband

Dthe author was driven away with her friend by the owner of the house

8.The author wrote her experience to teach people to ________.

Atreat others equally

Bmake friends carefully

Cwork hard to make a living

Dhelp each other and be grateful

分值: 8分 查看题目解析 >
阅读理解 本大题共3小题,每小题2分,共6分。阅读短文,完成下列小题。
1

C

As we have seen, the focus of medical care in our society has been shifting from curing disease to preventing disease—especially in terms of changing our many unhealthy behaviors, such as poor eating habits, smoking, and failure to exercise.The line of thought involved in this shift can be pursed further.Imagine a person who is about the right weight, but does not eat very nutritious foods, who feels OK but exercises only occasionally, and who has no chest pains or abnormal blood counts, but sleeps a lot and often feels tired. This person is not ill. He may not even be at risk for any particular disease. But we can imagine that this person could be a lot healthier.

The field of medicine has not traditionally distinguished between someone who is merely “not ill” and someone who is in excellent health and pays attention to the body's special needs. Both types have simply been called “well”.In recent years, however, some health specialists have begun to apply the terms “well” and wellness only to those who are actively attempting to maintain and improve their health. People who are well are concerned with nutrition and exercise, and they make a point of monitoring their body's condition. Most importantly, perhaps, people who are well take active responsibility for all matters related to their health. Even people who have a physical disease or handicap (缺陷) may be “well”, in this new sense, if they make an effort to maintain the best possible health they can in the face of their physical limitations.“Wellness” may perhaps best be viewed not as a state that people can achieve, but as an ideal that people can struggle for. People who are well are likely to be better able to resist disease and to fight disease when it strikes. And by focusing attention on healthy ways of living, the concept of wellness can have a beneficial influence on the ways in which people face the challenges of daily life.

9.Today's medical care is placing more stress on ________.

Akeeping people in a healthy physical condition

Bmonitoring patients' body functions

Cremoving people's bad living habits

Densuring people's psychological wellbeing

10.According to the passage, the true meaning of “wellness” is for people________.

Ato best satisfy their body's special needs

Bto strive to maintain the best possible health

Cto meet the strictest standards of bodily health

Dto keep a proper balance between work and leisure

11.According to what the author advocates, which of the following groups of people would be considered healthy?

APeople who have strong muscles as well as slim figures.

BPeople who are not presently experiencing any symptoms of disease.

CPeople who try to be as healthy as possible, regardless of their limitations.

DPeople who can recover from illness even without seeking medical care.

分值: 6分 查看题目解析 >
阅读理解 本大题共4小题,每小题2分,共8分。阅读短文,完成下列小题。
1

D

Growing up in Puerto Rico, our family was no different from so many others. My parents got married after my father came back when the war ended. Both of my parents were struggling with the hard economic realities of the time. But somehow, they found time to cherish those cultural values that shaped our everyday life.

In our daily life, we celebrated together with our friends or family members every birthday, every graduation, and all holidays with music and dancing,and typical foods. When we visited our family in the countryside—a trip that took about two hours in a car, with five children fighting as to who would get a window or the front seat—we would break into song, and somehow the trip would turn into one full of happiness and fun. We would sing not only interesting children's songs but also beautiful love songs—songs about the love of the country though we didn't understand the meaning of the words many times.

I came to Philadelphia for the first time in 1973 to do a residency(实习) in family medicine. I remember the many hours of work. I was facing issues of life and death and suffering the clearly social unfairness and issues of poverty and race. These were all worsened by my feeling of cultural differences.

An important turning point in my life happened one Saturday night when I attended a concert of Puerto Rico singer and composer Antonio Caban Vale. The music showed my familiar rhythms, and the words spoke to my heart. I had found a space to express, celebrate, and share my culture in Philadelphia. Therefore, I believe diversity is seen as an advantage and not as a disadvantage. As a Puerto Rican, I am a mixture of races and I believe in my strength because of this.

12.What do we know about the author's family?

AThey lived a welloff life.

BThey suffered a lot from war.

CThey were tired of family activities.

DThey took cultural values seriously.

13.Why does the author mention the trip in Paragraph 2?

ATo prove her pride in her culture.

BTo show fun brought by her culture.

CTo express her love for the country.

DTo show the fight between her siblings.

14.What added to the author's depressing life in Philadelphia?

ADangers as a doctor.

BPrejudice from the rich.

CCultural shock.

DLow payment.

15. What did the concert make the author aware of?

AThe excitement of the rhythms.

BThe value of the lyrics.

CThe advantage of cultural diversity.

DThe strength of believing in oneself.

分值: 8分 查看题目解析 >
补全信息 本大题共5小题,每小题2分,共10分。把答案填写在题中横线上。
1

Before it was proven that the earth was round, it was a well-known “fact” that it was flat.This “fact” was so widely accepted that no one dared test it, because they thought if they did sail out beyond the horizon they would fall off the edge.__16_ _

The “fact” remained undoubted until Columbus questioned common knowledge and asked “what if?” __17_ _

In spite of our tendency to think of reality as the fixed basis of our experience, the definition of reality changes every time someone pushes the boundary of traditional wisdom.__18 __ When Chuck Yeager flew the X1, he broke the myth that there was such a thing as a sound barrier.His training and instincts(本能), combined with the new technology of the day, not only enabled him to go beyond the speed of sound, but reinforced the fact that even widelyaccepted technological barriers can be overcome as well.

“The reasonable man adapts himself to the world,” wrote Bernard Shaw, “the unreasonable one persists in trying to adapt the world to himself.” __19 __ When we dare to go beyond our own internal boundary conditions, we discover a whole new world of possible futures for ourselves.

Open your mind to the possibility that the world is made up of a countless experiences from the very worst to the very best.__20 __ If you open your mind, you will enjoy a more abundant and fulfilling life.

ASuccess follows beliefs such as, “I have all I need to be influential and successful.”

BA mind is like a parachute (降落伞)—it works best when open.

CTherefore all progress depends on the unreasonable man.

DThis question expanded the boundaries of his country, changed history and transformed the reality.

EExamples of the impossible being made possible can be found throughout history.

FWhen Columbus returned from the New World, a new era of exploration and adventure began.

GIn other words, because they believed it couldn't be done, it wasn't done.

分值: 10分 查看题目解析 >
完型填空 本大题共20小题,每小题 1.50分,共30分。
1

After 21 years of marriage, my wife wanted me to take another woman out to dinner and a movie. The other woman that my wife wanted me to __21_ and go to the cinema together was my mother,who had been a __22_  for 19 years, but the __23 of my work and my three children made it possible to visit her only __24 .

That Friday afternoon, I drove over to __25 my mother. She waited with her dress __26_ ,the dress she had worn to celebrate her last wedding __27_ . She smiled from a face that was as __28  as an angel’s.

After we sat down, I had to read the menu. Her eyes could only read __29_  print. Half way through the entrees(主菜), I __30  my eyes and saw Mom sitting there staring at me. A warm smile was on her lips. “It was I who used to have to read the menu when you were __31_ ,”she said. During the dinner, we had a(n) __32_ conversation—nothing __33  but catching up on recent events of each other’s life. We talked so much that we __34  the movie.

A few days later, my mother __35  a heart attack. It happened so suddenly that I didn’t have a chance to do anything for her.

Some time later, I received an envelope with a copy of a __36_ from the same restaurant mother and I had dined. A(n) __37_  note was also in the envelope, __38_ : “I paid this bill __39 . I wasn’t sure that I could be there; but nevertheless, I paid for two plates—one for you and the other for your wife. You will never know what that night __40_  for me. I love you, son.”

21.

Alive

Bplay

Ccare

Ddine

22.

Ateacher

Bmother

Cbride

Dwidow

23.

Aposition

Bdemands

Cproblem

Dcall

24.

Aoccasionally

Bseldom

Cpersonally

Dregularly

25.

Apick out

Bput off

Cpick up

Dput up

26.

Aaside

Boff

Cin

Don

27.

Aceremony

Banniversary

Creception

Dparty

28.

Abright

Bsoft

Ckind

Dsmall

29.

Aspecial

Bclear

Clarge

Ddark

30.

Awidened

Blifted

Copened

Dfixed

31.

Atired

Bsmall

Chungry D

.curious

32.

Ainformal

Bdull

Cagreeable

Dpatient

33.

Aextraordinary

Bcommon

Cworthy

Ddirect

34.

Aignored

Bavoided

Clost

Dmissed

35.

Asuffered from

Bsurvived

Cdied of

Dcaught

36.

Apicture

Bintroduction

Cposter

Dreceipt

37.

Aadvanced

Bimportant

Cattached

Dcolorful

38.

Asaying

Bwriting

Cinforming

Dspeaking

39.

Aby turns

Bin advance

Cin secret

Dby chance

40.

Ameant

Bincluded

Ccarried

Dexpressed

分值: 30分 查看题目解析 >
语法填空 本大题共10小题,每小题1.5分,共15分。把答案填写在题中横线上。
1

Examinations are of great 41 _ (important) in Chinese schools and universities, so millions of the students take part in them every year.Almost all the students 42_  (teach) from an early age to understand the nature of examinations.It is true that some students can pass an examination 43_ (easy) than others, although it doesn't mean they are better with their study.

Quite a few students are afraid of examinations though they master what they 44_ (learn) very well. Sometimes the fear of examinations comes from pressure.People think pressure is good for students 45_  it can make the students _46 _ (try) harder and make some school work more challenging.But too much pressure may cause stress or even diseases, __47 _ will not be good for the students' benefits.

No student succeeds __48 _ hard work. If one spends little time working on their lessons every day, they can't expect a good result at the end of the term.__49_ _(develop) study skills can get students to learn better and to pass examinations with ease if they understand the lessons and the work __50_ _ (involve).

分值: 15分 查看题目解析 >
书面表达 本大题共25分。
1

52.假设你是李华,你校汉学社社长。为了庆祝中秋节,你们社将于9月15号晚上7:30在学校操场举办一场中秋赏月晚会,请你给你的外教Annie写封邮件邀请她参加你们的活动,并请她准备一个节目以增加晚会氛围。参考词汇:汉学 sinology。

注意:词数100左右。

分值: 25分 查看题目解析 >
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