Want to find a job? Now read the following advertisements.
Five waiters and Ten Waitresses
---Aged under 22
---At least high school graduate
---Good looking; men at least 1.72 meters tall and women 1.65
---Those knowing foreign languages preferred
---Paid 1600-2200 dollars per month
---Aged under 30
---Good at writing and skilled at computer
If interested, call 465-4768 or write to: Mr. Jack Hundris Room 0825, Fairmont Hotel
567 Wood Street, San Markers, 78003
---Aged between 25 and 40
---With an experience of at least two years
---With a degree and an accountant certificate
---Paid 3000-4000 dollars monthly
---With a knowledge of computer
---Basic education of 12 years or more
---Good at computer
---Paid 1800-2200 dollars monthly
Tel: 447-4398 Fax: 3485269
21. If you don’t know how to use a computer, you can just apply for the position as _____ .
22. If you want to get the position of accountant in Wilson Bookstore, you have to satisfy the
following conditions EXCEPT ____ .
23. If you want to try for a job in Fairmont Hotel, you _________ .
Often speakers at a meeting experience dry mouths and ask for a glass of water. You can solve the problem by activating the saliva（唾液）in you mouth. First gently bite the edges of your tongue with your teeth. Or, press your entire tongue to the bottom of your mouth and hold it there until the saliva flow. Or you can imagine that you are slicing a big juicy lemon and sucking the juice.
Before you begin your talk, be kind to your voice. Avoid milk or creamy drinks which coat your throat. Keep your throat wet by drinking a little sweetened warm tea or water-down fruit juice.
If you sense that you are losing your voice, stop talking completely. Save your voice for your speech. You may feel foolish using paper to write notes, but the best thing you can do is to rest your voice. If you feel the need to see a doctor, perhaps getting some advice from a professional singer can be a better choice. In the meantime, do not even talk in a low voice.
What about drinking alcohol to wet your throat? I advise you not to touch alcohol before speaking. The problem with alcohol is that one drink gives you a little confidence. The second drink gives you even more confidence. Finally you will feel all-powerful and you will feel you can do everything, but in fact your brain and your mouth do not work together properly. Save the alcohol until after you finish speaking.
Perhaps you want to accept the advice, but you may wonder if you can ever change the habits of a lifetime. Of course you can. Goethe, who lived before indoor skating rinks or swimming pools, said, “We learn to skate in the summer and swim in the winter.” Take this message to heart and give yourself time to develop your new habits. If you are willing to change, you will soon be able to say that you will never forget these techniques because they’ve become a part of your body.
24. Which of the following things does the writer suggest that you should do before you began your talk?
25. What does the writer suggest when you feel you are losing your voice?
26. According to the text, what will happen to your speech when you drink alcohol?
27. What is the purpose of the writer to use Goethe’s words?
For centuries, mankind and dogs have suffered from a communication failure. We can tell dogs what we want them to do and sometimes they comply, but we’ve always struggled when it comes to understanding the true meaning of their barks and whimpers. There is exciting news now – a dog translator has been invented to help you communicate with your furry friend
Researchers at North Carolina State University have fashioned some kind of miracle dog translator body harness(束腰带). What’s special about it is that it doesn't just rely on the dog’s vocalizations to interpret what Fido is banging on about.
Oh no – this miracle harness reads and interprets the ordinary dogs’ body language as well, giving us a full two-way dog communication experience.
Researcher David Roberts says: "Dogs communicate primarily through body language, and one of our challenges was to develop sensors that tell us about their behavior by observing their posture remotely."
Sensors on the harness monitor the dog’s heart rate and body temperature and software builds up a vocabulary, letting the human know what the dog is feeling.
What would dogs say if they could talk to us? The human can even communicate back through the harness thanks to vibration motors, supposedly by tapping into the dog’s senses so that it can understand what you’re trying to say to it.
The dog harness is designed for dogs involved in search and rescue and other front-line work, but it's got us dreaming of a beautiful future, one where humans and dogs can co-exist as equals, with the dog able to fully express itself at all times.
28. Why can’t people communicate with dogs?
29. What does the underlined word most probably mean in paragraph two?
30. For what purpose is the dog harness designed?
31. What is the author’s attitude towards the possible human-dog communication?
The medical world is gradually realizing that the quality of the environment in hospitals may play a significant role in the process of recovery from illness.
As part of a nationwide effort in Britain to bring art out of the galleries and into public places, some of the country's most talented artists have been called in to transform older hospitals and to soften the hard edges of modern buildings. Of the 2,500 National Health Service hospitals in Britain, almost 100 now have significant collections of contemporary art in corridors, waiting areas and treatment rooms.
These recent initiatives owe a great deal to one artist, Peter Senior, who set up his studio at a Manchester hospital in northeastern England during the early 1970s. He felt the artist had lost his place in modern society, and that art should be enjoyed by a wider audience.
A typical hospital waiting room might have as many as 500 visitors each week. What better place to hold regular exhibitions of art? Senior held the first exhibition of his own paintings in the out-patients waiting area of the Manchester Royal Hospital in 1975. Believed to be Britain's first hospital artist, Senior was so much in demand that he was soon joined by a team of six young art school graduates.
The effect is striking. Now in the corridors and waiting rooms the visitor experiences a full view of fresh colors, playful images and restful courtyards
The quality of the environment may reduce the need for expensive drugs when a patient is recovering from an illness. A study has shown that patients who had a view onto a garden needed half the number of strong pain killers compared with patients who had no view at all or only a brick wall to look at.
32. According to the passage, "to soften the hard edges of modern buildings" means______.
33. According to Peter Senior, _______.
34. After the improvement of the hospital environment, _______.
35. The fact that Senior is in great demand shows that_______.
Practical ways to get motivated
Be mindful of your "why".
If I need to clean the floor, but I really don’t likecleaning, then I won’t feel very motivated to do it. However, if I have a bigenough reason to do it — because I’m having some guests to come over, or I lovethe feeling of having a clean floor, then that"bigger purpose" can be strong enough to get me to act, even though Idon’t enjoy cleaning. If I stay mindful of why I’m doing it, I can getmotivated to do it. 36
Celebrate your successes.
It’s easy to get down on yourself because you haven’t reachedyour goal yet. You may overlook all of the hard work and small goals thatyou’ve accomplished. Remember to reward yourself and to celebrate your successes. 37 In the same way, how can youmotivate yourself if you’re not going to reward yourself and celebrate yoursuccesses?
Imagine how good you’ll feel when you’ve reached yourgoal. Take a moment and think about how you’ll feel and what you’ll think afteryou’ve achieved it. What does it feel like? 39 Focus on that feeling, and useit to drive you right now to move towards your goal. Just think of how good itwill be.
Read stories, watch movies, listen to other people who haveachieved what you want to achieve. Imagine what they had to go through to getto where they are. Imagine how big the heart is of some of your biggest heroesand how badly they wanted what they achieved. 40 A. Imagine having already achieved it.B. Get help and support whenyou’re not feeling motivated.C. So remind yourself of why you’re doing whatyou’re doing.D. What kind of self-talk would you use to motivate yourself?E.Let them inspire you to access your own great desire within.F. You might feelproud, happy, satisfied, or any other emotion.G. Would you be able to properlytrain a dog without rewarding him?[
The winter holiday is coming, that makes me excited. I had been looking forward at relaxing myself. I’d like to go skating, climb mountains and see several movie. I think I can play the basketball with my classmates. It will surely be a wonderful time! However, my parents think different. They don’t want me go out. They are afraid I’ll be knocked down by a truck, fallen off a tree, or fight with others. Therefore, they are afraid I will lose my way. I hate being treated like a bird kept in a cage. To get more freedom, I will try to persuade him.
阅读下面短文，从短文后各题所给的四个选项（A, B, C, D）中，选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项，并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。
When I opened the box at my 12th birthday party, I couldn’t believe my eyes. I had really gotten a cell phone!
As soon as I got to my the next morning I off my phone and asked everyone for their
It felt like I didn't even in that class any more. I wouldn't pay much attention to the teachers because I was too busy on my . Luckily I didn't get sing it. I was pretty that the teacher didn’t that I stopped paying attention to her a week later we took a test and I failed. To make matters , my mom had to the test.
It was hard to show my mom the . She was used to seeing A's and B's on my tests. Well, eventually, I showed her and she couldn't it. She was angry but most of all, she was disappointed.
Weeks passed and my parents started to he fact that I had a phone. They would say, " We have noticed that you never pay attention to us. It's like you have your own little now and we don't communicate as much with your phone."
I acted like they were wrong, but then I started to wonder if it was true that I was spending too much on the phone．
A week later I tried a whole day without a cell phone and it didn't go that badly. I had so much because I was actually spending time with my family and paying attention to them．From that day, I had a different point of view towards cell phones．
Phones really take you away from the rest of the world. I'm not saying that phones are
and not to use them, but you do have to spare some time to spend with your family and not get
with your phone all day. My phone took away time from my homework and from my family. It also affected my grades.
I will keep using my phone, but I will have it under better control.
One day an ant was drinking at a small stream and fell in. She made desperate efforts
(reach) the side, but made no progress at all. The poor (exhaust) ant was still bravely doing her best when a dove saw her. Moved by her (determine) and perseverance, the bird threw her a blade of grass, upported her like a raft, and thus the ant reached the bank again. While she was resting and drying (she) in the grass, she (hear) a man come near. He was walking along barefooted a gun in his hand. As soon as he saw the dove, he wished to kill it. He would certainly have done so, but the ant bit him in the foot just as he raised his gun to fire. He stopped to see had bit him, and the dove bd blank (immediate) flew away. It was an animal much (weak) thdat had saved her life.
3英语演讲比赛主题（My Youth My Dream）、时间、地点和参加对象（青年教师和学生）