• 英语 福州市2016年高三第一次模拟考试
简答题(综合题) 本大题共25分。简答应写出文字说明、证明过程或演算步骤。
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36.根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余选项。

   If you are planning tosee more of the UK than just the major cities, you should consider renting acar to make it easier to travel around. Thousands of visitors enjoy driving inthe UK, happily and safely, every year although driving on the “wrong” side of theroad for the first time can make some drivers nervous.  36 

    ★START SLOW

      If you’ve neverdriven in the UK before, don’t plan to pick up a car at the airport and gostraight onto a motorway heading for a major city. Use public transport to getto your holiday destination and try driving on the left on quieter roads first.  37  After that, try high speed motorwaysand big city centers.

    ★WATCH YOUR SPEED

      On motorways, thespeed limit is 70 mph(112 kph), but on other roads it goes down to 60-40 mph (96-64kph). And once you enter a town or a village the speed limit is never more than30 mph(48 kph).   38   Thereare more speed cameras in the UK than in other European countries.

    ★PARK SAFELY

    Parking in the UK can be complicated and ifyou leave your car in the wrong place, the fines cab be quite heavy, so it isbest to find a car park. Most towns now have Pay and Display parking.   39   Check the price board to see how much you haveto pay. Note that in some towns parking charges apply in the evenings andweekends.

    ★STAY COOL

  The most interesting andscenic roads in Britain are often the smallest. It’s possible to get stuck behinda tractor with a load of hay moving at 24 kph.   40   It’s safer to be patient and wait until youhave a clear, long view of the road ahead.

A. It makes life easier for visitors.

B. Always look out for the speed limit signs.

C. Here are some tips for driving in the British isles.

D. Build up your confidence on smaller, less busy roads.

E. Unlike most countries in the world, UK traffic drives on theleft.

F. British roads are 1imited for most vehicles by the NationalSpeed Limit.

G. Even if you are feeling more confident, be very carefulovertaking on these roads.

分值: 10分 查看题目解析 >
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阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当的内容(1个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式。将答案填写在答题卡的相应位置。

     Going through the forest is my favourite part of the walk. Benji lovesit too. There   61 (be)rabbits to chase(追逐) and old leaves to smell. Benji’s my dog, by   62   way, and I’m Grace. I live on a farm with myparents and take Benji for a walk most days after school. Dad doesn’t approveof me walking through the forest. “Don’t talk to   63  (strange),”he says. Though the truth is   64   there’snever anyone here. Just me, Benji and lots of rabbits and birds.

     While Benji runs ahead, I stop and take a photo of a butterfly that   65  (rest)on a flower. A new Facebook photo? Maybe, but my friends at school   66  (usual)tease(取笑)me with the nickname “Nature Girl", so perhaps not. After   67  (put)my phone away, I hear Benji barking along the path. Benji barks   68      (say) hello, he’s scared of cats andwouldn’t hurt anyone, but, of course, other people don’t know that. Benji’sbarking and jumping round a boy. He’s holding some wood in his arms and looks   69  (worry).

      “Benji, stop! Come here!” I yell. I reachinto my pocket for Benji’s ball. I’m about to apologize   70   the boy, but he’s gone.

61.

62.

63.

64.

65.

66.

67.

68.

69.

70.

分值: 15分 查看题目解析 >
完型填空 本大题共20小题,每小题 1.50分,共30分。
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阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的四个选项(A、B、C和D)中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。

At an airport I overheard a father and daughter during their bd blank moments together. Her bd blank was ready for boarding. They hugged and he said, “I love you. I wish you bd blank ” She in turn said,“Daddy, I wish you enough! Too.’’

They kissed each other bd blank and she left. The man walked over where I was seated. I could see that he needed to bd blank . I tried not to disturb his private, but he bd blank me by asking, “Have you ever said goodbye to someone knowing that it would be bd blank ”.

“Yes, I have.” Saying that brought back bd blank of my Dad. Recognizing that his days were bd blank , I took the time to tell him, how much he bd blank to me. So I knew what this man was bd blank .

“Forgive me for asking, bd blank why is this goodbye forever?” I asked.

“I am old and she lives much too bd blank . The reality is, her next trip back will be for my bd blank ,” he said.

“I heard you say ‘I wish you enough’. May I ask what that means?”

“That is a wish that has been handed down through bd blank in our family. My parents used to say it to everyone.

The man paused a(n) bd blank , then looked up, as if trying to remember the details.

He then turned to me and bd blank the following, as if he were bd blank it from memory:

I wish you enough sun to keep your attitude bright.

I wish you enough pain bd blank the smallest joys in life appear much bigger.

I wish you enough bd blank to appreciate all that you possess.

Then the man began to sob and walked away.

41.

A1ast

Bfirst

Chappy

Dsad

42.

Ataxi

Bflight

Cbus

Dcar

43.

Aenough

Bhappiness

Csuccess

Dhealth

44.

Agood morning

Bgoodnight

Cgood luck

Dgoodbye

45.

Asit

Bspeak

Ccry

D1augh

46.

Awelcomed

Bpersuaded

Crefused

Dworried

47.

Aonce

Bforever

Cnever

Doften

48.

Athings

Bmemories

Cstories

Dfeelings

49.

Agone

Bvalue

Cpassed

Dnumbered

50.

Ameant

Bsaid

Cdid

Dowed

51.

Afighting against

Bthinking about

Cdoing with

Dgoing through

52.

Aand

Bbut

Cso

Dor

53.

Along

Bnear by

Cfar away

Dquietly

54.

Abirthday

Billness

Cwedding

Dfuneral

55.

Agenerations

Bpassengers

Cfriends

Dheroes

56.

Achange

Bmoment

Ctrip

Dwalk

57.

Adiscovered

Bcreated

Cshared

Dignored

58.

Asinging

Brepeating

Creciting

Dforgetting

59.

Ain case

Bas if

Ceven if

Dso that

60.

Apressure

Bhurt

Closs

Dmoney

分值: 30分 查看题目解析 >
书面表达 本大题共10分。
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71.短文改错。假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中共有10处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。

增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧),并在其下面写出该加的词。

删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。

修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。

注意:1. 每处错误及其修改均仅限一词;2. 只允许修改10处,多者(从第11处起)不计分。

I love camping. It's my favorite way to spent the summer vacation. My family and I went camp in the countryside in last year. It was one of the most exciting experiences I had never had. Every day we sleep in a tent and went for long walk. We cooked over a fire and the food always tasted wonderfully. For a whole week, I saw lovely mountains views and breathed fresh air. At night, I heard the gentle wind blowing in the trees, and I felt so peaceful. It didn’t cost much to camp, and I believe it's the best way to get close to nature and enjoy it beauty.

分值: 10分 查看题目解析 >
书面表达 本大题共25分。
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80.假定你是李华,你的美国朋友Susan想让你分享春节期间你的难忘经历。请你根据下面的提示给她写信。

内容包括:事件的主要人物和背景;事件的主要经过和结果;你的感受和体会。

注意:词数100左右;可以适当增加细节,以使行文连贯;开头和结尾已为你写好。

分值: 25分 查看题目解析 >
阅读理解 本大题共4小题,每小题2分,共8分。阅读短文,完成下列小题。
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阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C和D)中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。

A

A giant panda at Washington’s zoo surprised scientists and zookeepers by becoming a mom again after years of failed pregnancies.

Scientists at the zoo had all but given up on 14-year-old Mei Xiang’s chances of pregnancy. However, she gave birth again on late Sunday, ten years after her first cub, a male named Tai Shan, was born in 2005. Officials will follow Chinese custom and give it a name after 1 00 days. Mei Xiang and her mate Tian Tian, born in China, are the second pair of pandas to live at the zoo. They’re treated very kindly.

Since 2007, zoo officials have had five unsuccessful attempts at artificially inseminating(人工受精) Mei Xiang. But each time there was no cub. As a result, they had considered replacing Mei Xiang or 15-year-old Tian Tian with other pandas. Still, there was hope.

For now, keepers said,Mei Xiang is doing well and responding to the noisy cub. Under an agreement with the Chinese government, zoo officials can keep the cub for four years before it has to go back to China, just as its older brother Tai Shan did in 2010.

Still, there’s some danger for the cub, especially in the next two weeks. Pandas have accidentally crushed(挤压) their small cubs. And the zoo’s first panda couple, Ling-Ling and Hsing-Hsing, had five cubs, but none of them survived more than a few days.

21. The giant panda surprised scientists and zookeepers because ___________.

Aher baby was too light

Bshe gave birth to a baby panda

Cshe gave birth at Washington’s zoo

Dshe gave birth again after a long time

22. What does the underlined word “cub” probably mean in the second paragraph?

ANewborn.

BPartner.

CPregnancy.

DGrownup.

23. What danger will the baby panda face in the next two weeks?

AAdult pandas’ crushing it.

BIts mother’s impatience.

CThe tough environment.

DZookeepers’ inexperience.

24. What can be a suitable title for the passage?

AWhat surprised scientists

BWays of getting a baby panda

CHow Mei Xiang won her fame

DGiant panda gave birth at US zoo

分值: 8分 查看题目解析 >
阅读理解 本大题共4小题,每小题2分,共8分。阅读短文,完成下列小题。
1

B

It isn’t easy being a princess. A princess addresses large crowds and uses perfect manners. A princess must always be polite and sweet and sometimes repair car engines and fix tires. Princess Elizabeth II really does all that.

Before she was Queen of England, Princess Elizabeth wanted to join the A.T.S., a female branch of the British military. It was World War II, and women worked at jobs traditionally held by men, who were then overseas fighting.

Elizabeth was a teenager and first had to convince her parents who thought it was too dangerous, but she would not take no for an answer. “I ought to do as other girls of my age do," she said firmly. After some months, her parents finally agreed. Princess Elizabeth received the same training as others.

When she arrived at the A.T.S. camp for her first day of training, she was greeted by a jacked-up car with its wheels off. In the following weeks, she learned to take apart an engine and then assemble (安装) it. To complete her A.T.S. training, she was required to drive a big truck on her own.

Princess Elizabeth became Queen Being a queen Elizabeth II in 1952. Now in her eighties, she still drives. Being a queen requires a lot of hard work, but it can be fun as well. Queen Elizabeth loves horses and still rides four times each week. She also still likes to get a little dirty. She actively manages her farm at Balmoral and is often seen hiking through the countryside there.

25.What did Princess Elizabeth do when her parents disagreed with her plan?

AShe hesitated a lot.

BShe left home secretly.

CShe ignored their concern.

DShe promised to return home.

26. It can be learned from the last paragraph that Elizabeth II __________.

Afinds it hard to be a qualified queen

Bstill leads an active life in her eighties

Cenjoys hiking rather than riding horses

Dhas some difficulty in managing her time .

27. Which of the following words can best describe Elizabeth II?

AStrong, proud and adventurous·

BConfident, lovely and beautiful.

CBrave, energetic and determined.

DEnergetic, responsible and proud.

28. What’s the passage mainly about?

AElizabeth II’s childhood.

BThe specialty of Elizabeth II.

CElizabeth’s overseas fighting.

DElizabeth II’s contribution in World War II.

分值: 8分 查看题目解析 >
阅读理解 本大题共4小题,每小题2分,共8分。阅读短文,完成下列小题。
1

C

Tate Modern is Britain’s national museum of international modern art. It is in London, on the south bank of the River Thames, opposite St Paul’s Cathedral and the City of London. It displays examples of modern art from 1900 to the present day.

Tate Modem opened in 2000. The building was originally the Bankside Power Station, designed by Sir Giles Gilbert Scott, who also designed Waterloo Bridge and the famous British red telephone box. The power station closed in 1981 and architects Herzog and de Meuron helped convert it into an art gallery. The building is more than 200 metres long and its chimney is 99 metres high. There are 5 levels and the vast Turbine Hall. This is where the Tate displays large installations(现代雕塑装置) by contemporary artists. One famous example of an installation was a series of huge slides that visitors could go down, leading from the different levels of the building to the hall floor. This, and other popular installations, has helped inspire the imagination of the public, and Tate Modem is now one of the biggest tourist attractions in London. There are plans to build a glass pyramid extension, dedicated to photography and video exhibitions.

Many art galleries arrange art chronologically(按时间先后), but Tate Modern organizes its works of art according to the important movements of the twentieth century. These include Abstraction, with paintings by artists like Wassily Kandinsky; Surrealism, with works by artists like Salvador Dali and Max Ernst; Cubism, with works by Picasso; and Pop Art, represented by artists like Andy Warhol.

There are 3 other Tate galleries — Tate Britain (also in London), Tate Liverpool and Tate St lves in Cornwall. Tate Modern is however, the most popular.

29. The underlined word “convert” in the second paragraph probably means ________.

Amove

Btake

Cchange

Ddivide

30. The installations in the Tate Modem can ________.

Aget people interested in art

Bshow how famous the museum is

Ctell us how valuable the exhibits are

Drepresent modern art works

31. How are the exhibits arranged in the Tate Modern?

ABy popularity.

BBy important events.

CBy size and shape.

DBy time.

32. The passage probably comes from a book about ________.

Atravel

Breligion

Carchitecture

Dart

分值: 8分 查看题目解析 >
阅读理解 本大题共3小题,每小题2分,共6分。阅读短文,完成下列小题。
1

D

A new ingredient developed by scientist in Scotland could mean that ice cream lovers can enjoy their treats longer before they melt. The scientists predict that the slow-melting product could become available in three to five years. The development could also allow products to be made with less saturated fat (饱和脂肪)and fewer calories.

Research teams at the Universities of Edinburgh and Dundee have discovered that the protein, known as BsIA, works by sticking together the air, fat and water in ice cream. It is also said to prevent ice crystals from forming.

Professor Cait MacPhee, of the University of Edinburgh's school of physics and astronomy, who led the project, said:“It’s not completely non-melting because you do want your ice cream to be cold. It will melt eventually but hopefully by keeping it stable for longer it will stop it from falling in big drops.”

The team developed a method of producing the protein, which occurs naturally in some foods as friendly bacteria. According to Professor MacPhee, it works by keeping oil and water mixed together, stops air from escaping and coats the ice crystals in ice cream which stops them from melting so quickly. She says, “This is a natural protein already in the food chain.It’s already used to ferment(使发酵) some foods so it’s a natural product. By using this protein, we’re replacing some of the fat molecules that are currently used to stabilize these oil and water mixtures,so it can reduce the fat content, but it shouldn’t taste any different. It can also reduce the sugar content and so be used in other foods to help reduce calories."

The researchers believe using the ingredient could benefit manufacturers too, as it can be processed without having an influence on performance and can be produced from sustainable raw materials.

33. The ice cream developed by Scottish scientists will _________.

Anot melt Completely

Btaste more delicious

Cbe much healthier

Dappear on the market soon

34. According to Professor MacPhee, _________.

Athe new product will be safe for consumers

Bmixing oil and water can reduce the fat content

CBsIA can make the new ice cream taste different D. BsIA can take the place of the fat molecules completely

35. The main purpose of the passage is to _________.

Aadvertise a new ice cream

B1ist the benefits of a protein

Ctell readers about a new product

Dintroduce ways to produce better food

分值: 6分 查看题目解析 >
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