• 英语 日喀则市2017年高三期中考试
简答题(综合题) 本大题共120分。简答应写出文字说明、证明过程或演算步骤。
1

阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A、 B、 C和D)中,选出最佳选项,并把答案涂在机读卡上。

A

It was a cold grey day in late November. The weather had changed overnight, when a backing wind brought a pale sky and a muzzling rain with it, and although it was now only a little after two o’clock in the afternoon the gray of a winter evening seemed to have closed upon the hills, surrounding them in mist. It would be dark by four. The leather seats felt damp to the hands, and there must have been a small crack in the roof, because now and again little drips of rain fell softly through, polluting the leather and leaving a dark – blue stain like a spot of ink. The wind came in, at times shaking the coach as it traveled round the bend of the road, and in the exposed places on the high ground it blew with such force that the whole body of the coach trembled and swayed, rocking between the high wheels like a drunken man.

The driver, muffled (裹住) in a greatcoat to his ears, bent almost double in his seat in a faint endeavor to gain shelter from his own shoulders. The few passengers pressed together for warmth, exclaiming all together when the coach sank into a heavier rut (车辙) than usual, and one old fellow, who had kept up a constant complaint ever since he had joined the coach at Truro, rose from his seat in anger; and, feeling with the window – frame, let the window down with a crash, bringing a shower of rain upon himself and his fellow – passengers. He thrust his head out and shouted up to the driver, scolding him in a angry voice for a rogue and a murderer; that they would all be dead before they reached Bodmin if he persisted in driving at dangerous speed; they had no breath left in their bodies as it was, and he would never travel by coach again.

【语篇导读】本文是一篇记叙文,属于社会生活类话题,故事记叙了在一个寒冷的下午,一辆汽车载着满腹牢骚的乘客在雨中飞驰。

1.What is the main image the author gives in this description?

AIn terrible weather, a coach was running fast in mud with complaining passengers on it.

BOn a cold and rainy day the coach broke and the driver was repairing it on the road.

COn a cold night the driver and the passengers felt very cold and struggled

in the rain.

DThe bad condition of the road resulted in the bad mood of the passengers.

2.Which of the following is correct according to the text?

AThe windows were tightly closed, so the cold air was kept outside the coach.

BThe spot of ink stained leather, so the seats felt damp to the hands.

CMost probably the roof of the coach was broken.

DThere was a drunken man swaying constantly on the coach.

3.The expression “muffled in a greatcoat to… his own shoulders” implies .

Athe driver felt very cold and tried to change his seat

Bthe driver felt comfortable by doing in that way

CThe driver felt very cold and tried to gain warmth

DThe driver tried to protect his ears and shoulders

4.We can learn from the text that .

Athe coach was running slowly due to the bad weather

Ban old passenger who got on the coach at Truro was angry about the windows

Cone of the passengers on the coach was a murderer

Dthe few passengers let out exclamations as the coach moved violently

分值: 8分 查看题目解析 >
1

B

Five years ago, when I taught art at a school in Seattle, I used Tinkertoys as a test at the beginning of a term to find out something about my students. I put a small set of Tinkertoys in front of each student, and said:”Make something out of the Tinkertoys. You have 45 minutes today - and 45minutes each day for the rest of the week.”

A few students hesitated to start. They waited to see the rest of the class would do. Several others checked the instructions and made something according to one of the model plans provided. Another group built something out of their own imaginations.

Once I had a boy who worked experimentally with Tinkertoys in his free time. His constructions filled a shelf in the art classroom and a good part of his bedroom at home. I was delighted at the presence of such a student. Here was an exceptionally creative mind at work. His presence meant that I had an unexpected teaching assistant in class whose creativity would infect(感染) other students.

Encouraging this kind of thinking has a downside. I ran the risk of losing those students who had a different style of thinking. Without fail one would declare, ” But I’m just not creative.”

“Do you dream at night when you’re asleep?”

“Oh, sure.”

“So tell me one of your most interesting dreams.” The student would tell something wildly imaginative. Flying in the sky or in a time machine or growing three heads. “That’s pretty creative. Who does that for you?”

“Nobody. I do it.”

“Really-at night, when you’re asleep?”

“Sure.”

“Try doing it in the daytime, in class, okay?”

语篇导读】本文是一篇记叙文,属于校园学习类话题,作者记述了自己如何培养学生的想象力。

5. The teacher used Tinkertoys in class in order to ________.

Ateach the students about toy design.

Bmake the lessons more exciting.

Craise the students’ interest in art.

Dknow more about the students.

6. What do we know about the boy mentioned in Paragraph 3?

AHe was imaginative.

BHe preferred to study alone.

CHe was active in class.

DHe liked to help his teacher.

8. Why did the teacher ask the students to talk about their dreams?

ATo help them to improve their memory.

BTo find out about their sleeping habits.

CTo help them to see their creativity.

DTo find out about their ways of thinking.

分值: 8分 查看题目解析 >
1

C

Pushing children too hard is a really big social problem that seems to be getting worse.Now we have 6-month-olds in music classes and swimming classes.Parents fear that if other children are attending these classes,they will be holding their own children back if they do not enroll,too.

The other extreme,simply taking a laissez-faire approach and letting children do—or refuse to do—whatever they want,is not the answer either,of course.

Dr Taylor emphasizes that parents need to push their children based on what is best for the children,not what is best for themselves.If children understand that an activity is in their best interests,then they will accept it, he finds.

Dr Taylor and other family experts remain pessimistic about the possibilities for widespread social change.“The force of our popular culture,driven by money and superficial(表面上的) values,cannot be resisted,” he says.But change can take place at a“micro-level,” in families and schools.

When changes do occur,the rewards can benefit everyone in the family.One mother supporting this new approach toward parenting mentions the advantages her family experienced after her children cut back on activities.“The biggest thing is that since we have done this,we are rested,” she says.“Not only are our kids rested,because they're not in a ton of stuff, but my husband and I are rested,because we're not driving them everywhere.We weren’t living in the moment when we were always busy.We were living by the schedule.The return on our investment of spending time together has been enormous.”

【语篇导读】本文是一篇议论文,属于教育孩子的话题,作者谈论了教育孩子的两种极端行为:强烈干预和放手不管都是不对,应按照他们的兴趣来定。

9.One of the reasons why parents push children so hard is that they________.

Abelieve in early development in children

Bare too busy to take care of their children

Cdon't want their children to lag behind

Dwant to repeat what their parents did to them

10.The phrase“a laissez-faire approach”(in Line 1,Paragraph 2)most probably refers to______.

Adenying them what they need

Bcontrolling children in a flexible way

Cdeveloping a keen interest in children

Dletting children do whatever they want

11.The best way to encourage children to work hard is___________.

Ato make them believe it’s in their best interests

Bto consider the matter from parents' standpoint

Cto emphasize the importance of hard work from time to time

Dto make it interesting and enjoyable to them

分值: 6分 查看题目解析 >
1

D

You probably know who Marie Curie was, but you may not have heard of Rachel Carson. Of the outstanding ladies listed below, who do you think was

the most important woman of the past 100 years?
Jane Addams(1860-1935)
Anyone who has ever been helped by a social worker has Jane Addams to thank.Addans helped the poor and worked for peace. She encouraged a sense of community(社区)by creating shelters and promoting education and services for people in need In 1931,Addams became the first American woman to win the Nobel Peace Prize.
Rachel Carson(1907-1964)
If it weren’t for Rachel Carson, the environmental movement might not exist today. Her popular 1962 book Silent Spring raised awareness of the dangers of pollution and the harmful effects of chemicals on humans and on the world’s lakes and oceans.
Sandra Day O’Connor(1930-present)
When Sandra Day O’Connor finished third in her class at Stanford Law School, in 1952,she could not find work at a law firm because she was a woman. She became an Arizona state senator(参议员) and ,in 1981, the first woman to join the U.S. Supreme Court. O’Connor gave the deciding vote in many important cases during her 24 years on the top court.
Rosa Parks(1913-2005)
On December 1,1955,in Montgomery,Alabama,Rasa Parks would not give up her seat on a bus to a passenger. Her simple act landed Parks in prison.But it also set lff the Montgmery bus boycott. It lasted for more than a year, and kicked off the civil-rights movement. “The only tired I was, was tired lr giving in,”said Parks.

【语篇导读】本文是一篇说明文,属于人物传记类话题,作者介绍了四位历史上著名的女先锋。

12 .What is jane Addams noted for in history?

A Her social work.

BHer lack of proper training in law.

CHer efforts to win a prize.  

DHer community background. 

13. What is the reason for O’Connor’s being rejected by the law firm?

AHer lack of propertraining in law.  

BThe poor financial conditions.

CHerlittle work experience in court   

DThe discrimination against women.

14. Who made a great contribution to thecivil-rights movement in the US?

AJane Addams. 

BRachel Carson. 

CSandra Day O’Connor.

DRosa Parks 

15. What can we infer about the women mentioned in the text?

AThey are pioneers    

BThey are truly creative.

CThey are peace-lovers  

DThey are highly educated. 

分值: 8分 查看题目解析 >
1

第二部分 完形填空(共20小题;每小题1.5分,满分30分)

阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的四个选项(A、B、C和D)中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项,并在涂在机读卡上

In 2009, 1 spent five months in Niger.There were many things I found difficult about this place—the climate and beggars were my biggest complaints.One day, a friend and I 16 _ for neighboring Burkina Faso to work in a health clinic.Arriving by taxi at our 17 _ in Burkina, we began to 18 _ .I had a large backpack and a smaller daypack.With my daypack between my legs, I reached for my larger piece of 19 _ .Out of the darkness, a motorbike with two men 20 _ slowly. Without warning, one of the men grabbed my daypack 2 _ 1 the motorbike swept close by.Within seconds, the two were out of sight, 22 _ up by the night.The bag had everything 23 _ to me, my passport, money and an airline ticket.I was in deep trouble.All I wanted was to leave this hell.

Then, walking through Burkina's streets the following week, I was 24 _ rudely by an old woman who stretched her hand in my face."Cadeau (gift)! Cadeau!" she 25 _ in French.

I'd had enough.I was sick and 26 _ of the country.I told her 27 _ in French, "I have no 'cadeau'.I have no money A thief stole all my money a week ago and now I can't 28 _ your country.I cannot give you anything."

The beggar woman listened 29 _ and thought about my words."Then I will give you a cadeau," she announced and 30 _ into the folds of her dress.Kindly, she placed an old, dark brown coin in my 31 _ . I looked at it in 32 _ .It was an extremely small amount of money—but for this woman, the coin 33 _ a meal.At that moment, I saw the beauty of the 34 _ of Burkina Faso, and appreciated the kindness of the 35 _

【语篇导读】本篇文章是一篇记叙文,属于学校社会生活类话题。作者讲述了在尼日尔亲身经历的两件事。

16.

Awent

Bheaded

Cserved

Dworked

17.

Adestination

Bspot

Cgoal

Dstation

18.

Arest

Bdine

Cload

Dunload

19.

Aequipment

Bfurniture

Cluggage

Dmedicine

20.

Arode

Bdrove

Capproached

Dleft

21.

Abecause

Bas

Cuntil

Dafter

22.

Ataken

Bbrought

Cturned

Dswallowed

23.

Amemorable

Bimportant

Cbeautiful

Dwonderful

24.

Acheated

Bcharged

Cstopped

Dquestioned

25.

Acried

Bwhispered

Cthreatened

Ddemanded

26.

Afond

Bproud

Caware

Dtired

27.

Apleasantly

Bfirmly

Cactively

Dbravely

28.

Aget rid of

Btake advantage of

Cget out of

Dtake notice of

29.

Aattentively

Banxiously

Ccuriously

Dcoldly

30.

Areached

Bpulled

Clooked

Dcame

31.

Apocket

Bbag

Cdress

Dpalm

32.

Afright

Bdisappointment

Cshock

Dsatisfaction

33.

Abought

Bmeant

Cordered

Dprepared

34.

Acountry

Bsociety

Cnature

Dpeople

35.

Aforeign

Bpoor

C.rich

Dfemale

分值: 30分 查看题目解析 >
1

第三部分、七选五题 (共5小题;每小题2分,满分10分)

根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余选项,并把答案写在答题卷上

M:Excuse me. 36 _

W:I’m sorry.Have you seen the sign on the wall, “No smoking”?

M:Oh, sorry.Where can I smoke on this floor, please?

W:I’m afraid it’s not allowed in the whole building.

M:Oh dear! 37 _

W:Sure.Help yourself, over there.

M:Thank you very much.

W:Don’t you know smoking is not good for your health, young man?

M: 38 _ I tried many times to give it up, but I failed. 39 _

W:Yes, it’s hard to stop! But if you have the nonsmokers’ health and well-being in mind, you

might succeed.

M:You’re right! Thanks very much.I’ll try again to kick my smoking habit.

W:That’s OK.Well, if you’re feeling bad now, you can smoke outside, in the open air, of course.

M:Oh, no! 40 _

W:That’s great!

A.When I go without it, I feel very bad.

B.I wonder if I could have a glass of water.

C.When I smoke, I feel good.

D.Would you mind if I smoked here?

E.No, I don’t.

F.Yes, I do.

G.I’ll start from now on!

【语篇导读】本文是一篇对话,是属于社会生活类话题,谈论了吸烟问题。

36.

37.

38.

39.

40.

分值: 10分 查看题目解析 >
1

第四部分、语法填空题(共10题;每小题1.5分,满分15分)

阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当的内容或括号内单词的正确形式,并把答案写在答题卷上。

Strange things happened 41 _ ____Tangshan Earthquake happened. The well walls had deep cracks. A42 _ ____ (smell) gas came out of43 _ ____cracks. The water pipes cracked and burst. At 3:42 44 _ ____ the morning of July 28, 1976, everything began to shake. It seemed as if the world was at an end. Steam burst from the holes in the ground. Hard hills of rock became rivers of dirt. Soon the whole city lay in45 _ ____(ruin). Many people died 46 _ ____were injured. Everything in the city was47 _ ____(destroy). People were 48 _ ____(shock) at this and wondered how long the disaster would last. The army organized teams to dig out those 49 _ ____ were trapped and to bury the dead. 50 _ _____(Slow), the city began to breathe again.

【语篇导读】本文是一篇记叙文,是属于自然灾害类话题,作者讲述了唐山大地震发生的情况。

41.

42.

43.

44.

45.

46.

47.

48.

49.

50.

分值: 15分 查看题目解析 >
1

51.第五部分、短文改错题(共10处错误;每小题1分,满分10分)并把答案写在答题卷上。

My birthday is coming. Father asked me how I would want as my birthday present. I told him I need no present but a party. Father said OK. When I recited the name of my seven friends I planned to invite, he wondered why his guest list didn’t include my new neighbor Tom. I told him I didn’t

liked to be with a person whom I didn’t know well. And father insisted that I seize the chance to make new friends. On my birthday, Tom come besides my seven friends. Very quick we became good friends. From this I realized give others a chance means giving myself a chance.

It was really unforgettable birthday。

语篇导读:本文是一短记叙文,属于日常生活类话题,作者记叙了通过过生日,让自己意识到给别人机会就是给自己机会。

分值: 10分 查看题目解析 >
1

52.第六部分 写作 (满分25分)并把作文写在答题卷上

假如你叫李华,最近你校在为一批来自英国的学生征寻住宿家庭,你有意申请。请用英语给校长写封信,说明你申请的理由:

(1)住房宽敞,有私家车;(2)擅长英语,乐于交流;3、去年接待过英国学生。

注意:(1)词数100左右; (2)可适当增加细节以使行文连贯;3、信得开头已为你写好,不计入总词数。

分值: 25分 查看题目解析 >
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