All people need to sleep. Sleep is a necessary process that promotes proper body functioning and can improve the quality of your life. Not only is the quantity of sleep important, but also the quality of sleep.
Your bedroom should be shaped to your taste and allow you to sleep in a peaceful environment. One of the biggest mistakes people make in their sleep is to use their bedroom for activities other than sleep. If your bedroom also functions as a command station for your life and work, the likelihood of your sleeping being poor is rather high. Bedrooms should be designed, decorated and used for sleep mainly. TVs, computers and other things should not be in your bedroom if at all possible.
Establishing regular sleeping and waking times can help improve the quality of your sleep especially for those suffering from sleeplessness. Avoid hot food, caffeine, sugar and alcohol at least 4 to 6 hours before your sleep time. Develop a regular exercise program. Proper exercise and nutrition will help improve sleeping patterns. However, avoid exercising 2 hours before sleeping, since this may stimulate your body and make sleeping more difficult.
Establish a pre-bedtime rule that will help you focus on sleep. You can try deep thought，reading or deep breathing and relaxation. Your bedtime rule should be yours. Do not worry about it fitting into a specific category. Do what is best for you.
Things such as room temperature, noise and light levels and even your bed mattress(床垫) can have a lot of effect on the quality of sleep that you experience. Block out distracting noises and lights. You are in your bedroom to sleep and not be distracted by environmental interferences.
Which of the following is the best title for the text?
According to the author,
If you have sleep problems,
The main idea of the last paragraph is
In English the spelling of words does not always represent the sound. So people say /rait/ but spell it right or write, or even rite. Combinations of letters may be pronounced in many ways. And some words just seem to have too many letters.
For Americans things are a little bit easier, thanks to the work of Noah Webster, a teacher who graduated from Yale University in 1778. As a young man, he had fought against the British in the American War of Independence, and he felt that written English in the newly independent United States should have a distinctive American look.
So he began his work on American English. His first book, The Elementary Spelling Book, suggested simplifying the spelling of English words. The book was extremely popular. By the 1850s, it was selling one million copies a year, making it one of the most popular school books ever.
Many of the suggestions were quickly adopted. Center instead of centre, program instead of programme, and flavor instead of flavour. Others, however, such as removing silent letters like s in island or the final e in examine, were not .
Webster is best known for his American Dictionary of the English language, which first appeared in 1828. It introduced lots of new American words, with information about their pronunciation and use, and, of course, the new spelling. The British criticized the dictionary, but it quickly became a standard reference book in the States. Today, Webster's dictionary is still the number one dictionary for American students.
What is the text mainly about?
Which is the right order according to the text?
①Webster graduated from Yale University.
②American Dictionary of the English language came out.
③Webster's book was selling one million copies a year.
④Webster took part in the American War of Independence.
What can we learn from the text?
What attitude do the British have towards Webster's dictionary?
Wikipedia The Online Know-It-All
If you want to find out a piece of information about anything, the best place to search for it is Wikipedia. The name “Wikipedia” is from the Hawaiian word wiki, meaning “quick”. This online encyclopedia (百科全书) is written by thousands of people around the world. Anyone with Internet access can write, add or make changes to Wikipedia articles if he or she finds it incorrect or not well written. In this way, people who know a lot about a certain subject can write about it even if they are not university professors. But contributions cannot damage Wikipedia because many experienced editors are watching pages and techies (技术专家) can write editing programs to keep track of or correct bad edits. Where there are disagreements on how to present facts, editors work together to arrive at an article that fairly represents current expert opinion on the subject.
Wikipedia is quite different from paper-based reference sources in important ways. Unlike printed encyclopedias, it is continually created and updated, with articles on historic events appearing within minutes, rather than months or years.
What’s more, Wikipedia includes articles written in about 285 languages. This fact makes it one of the few websites on the Internet that are truly international. It was started in 2001 by Larry Sanger and Jimmy Wales, as a free online English-language encyclopedia project. Since its creation, it has grown rapidly into one of the largest reference websites, attracting nearly 500 million unique visitors monthly. There are more than 77,000 active contributors working on more than 22,000,000 articles in different languages. As of today, there are 4,396,866 articles in English.
So, if you are looking for some information, why not try Wikipedia? It’s free, multilingual，and informative.
According to the passage, what is Wikipedia?
From the passage we know that ______.
Where can we probably read the passage?
The Couch Surfing network is an online community stretching across the globe with over one and a half million members. The basic concept is to provide a platform for travelers to contact people who are willing to put them up free of charge. Travelers connect with potential hosts online and, if they like each other, exchange details to make farther arrangements.
Basil is one traveler from Switzerland who is currently couch surfing with a Chinese host in Beijing. "I thought staying in hostel is nice but you mostly meet foreigners and speak English. If you use Couch Surfing you have chance to meet people living here and really get a chance to know the life of the place you visit. " Basil was speaking during a regular meeting of Beijing network of Couch Surfing with a membership of almost 2,000.
Although some people may have concerns about meeting complete strangers and giving them full access to your house, Beijing group member Fred Sharp from California says that the Couch Surfing community is one that generally attracts trustworthy people.
"I have never had a problem with guests. I'd say that this Couch Surfing community worldwide is a fairly trustworthy community like I say, always be cautious, make sure that you read everyone's profile that you're considering hosting, and if it doesn't feel right just say' no', it's OK. "
Originally launched in the US as a non-profit organization in 2004, Couch Surfing is growing fast across the world. China is no exception with around 30,000 members and hundreds more signing up each week. One of them is Beijing resident Hai Yan who joined in November 2009. She says the first time she hosted a guest was a very positive experience. "My first guest was from Italy. He was very kind and helpful. He bought me a present from Italy, a handbag. It's a famous brand!"
As the organization grows from strength to strength, hotel owners across the world will be watching very closely and possibly thinking twice about raising their prices too high.
The Couch Surfing network is intended to __________ .
According to Fred Sharp, ______________.
We can infer from the passage that ________________.
The last paragraph suggests that hotels will ___________ .
Taking good notes is a time-saving skill that will help you to become a better student in several ways. 16 Second, your notes are excellent materials to refer to when you are studying for a test. Third, note-taking offers variety to your study time and helps you to hold your interest.
You will want to take notes during classroom discussions and while reading a textbook or doing research for a report. 17 Whenever or however you take notes, keep in mind that note-taking is a selective process. 18
The following methods may work best for you.
●Read the text quickly to find the main facts and ideas in it.
●Carefully read the text and watch for words that can show main points and supporting facts.
● Write your notes in your own words.
● Note any questions or ideas you may have about what was said or written.=As you take notes, you may want to use your own shorthand(速记). When you do, be sure that you understand your symbols and that you use them all the time. 20
A. Use words, not complete sentences.
B. There are three practical note-taking methods.
C. You must write your notes on separate paper.
D. Otherwise, you may not be able to read your notes later.
E. You will also want to develop your own method for taking notes.
F. That means you must first decide what is important enough to include in your notes.
G. First, the simple act of writing something down makes it easier for you to understand and remember it.
We middle school students have had many tests or exam. We have achieved success and suffer failure. Different students take different attitudes to failure. Some is in low spirits when they don’t do well in the exams. They usually lose their heart and no longer study so harder as before. But most students take an active attitude towards failure. They encourage themselves to be confidently. They try to find out but analyze the causes so that they will no longer make same mistakes. I agree with those which have active attitudes. As we are all know, failure is the mother of success.
My friend Michelle is blind, but you’d never know it. She makes such good use of her other 21 , including her“sixth sense”, that she rarely gives the impression that she's 22 anything.
Michelle looks after her children pretty much like the rest of us, 23 that she doesn't push too hard on them,24 really benefit a lot from her relaxed attitude. She knows when to clean the house, and she moves around so fast that 25 often don't realize she's blind.
I 26 this the first time after my six-year-old daughter, Kayla, went to play there. When Kayla came home, she was very 27 about her day. She told me they had baked cookies, played games and done art projects. But she was 28 excited about her finger-painting project.
“Mom, guess what?” said Kayla, all smiles. “I learned how to 29 colors today! Blue and red make purple, and yellow and blue make green! And Michelle 30 with us”.
To my great 31 , my child had learned about color from a blind friend! Then Kayla continued, “Michelle told me my 32 showed joy, pride and a sense of accomplishment. She really 33 what I was doing!” Kayla said she had never known how good finger paints felt 34 Michelle showed her how to paint without looking at her paper.
I realized Kayla didn't know that Michelle was blind. It had just never 35 in conversation. When I told my daughter that Michelle was blind, she was 36 for a moment. At first, she didn't believe me. “But Mommy, Michelle knew exactly what was in my picture!” Kayla 37 . And I knew my child was 38 because Michelle had listened to Kayla describe her art work. Michelle had also heard Kayla's 39 in her work.
We were silent for a minute. Then Kayla said slowly, “You know, Mommy, Michelle really did ‘see’ my picture. She just used my 40 .”
Indeed, she uses a special type of “vision” that all mothers have.
21．A．senses B．means C．methods D．ways
22．A．enjoyed B．found C．missed D．lost
23．A．instead B．except C．since D．but
24．A．who B．it C．she D．which
25．A．guests B．family C．children D．friends
26．A．realized B．heard C．recognized D．witnessed
27．A．sad B．satisfied C．excited D．enjoyed
28．A．especially B．not so C．alittle D．not at all
29．A．paint B．draw C．create D．mix
30．A．stayed B．painted C．talked D．played
31．A．excitement B．surprise C．delight D．encouragement
32．A．attitude B．color C．picture D．paper
33．A．touched B．distinguished C．saw D．understood
34． A．after B．before C．until D．when
35．A．turned out B．come up C．referred to D．talked about
36．A．curious B．quiet C．puzzled D．worried
37．A．cried B．insisted C．complained D．informed
38．A．right B．wrong C．worried D．uncertain
39．A．shortcomings B．difficulties C．pride D．description
40．A．paper B．eyes C．hands D．pens
Unprecedented Aviation Mystery
A Boeing 777 took off from Malaysia’s largest city of Kuala Lumpur at 041 am on March 8.
41._____destination was Beijing. But the flight never arrived, 42.______ （leave） friends and relatives of the passengers onboard weeping and worrying.
There were 239 people 43.____ board the Malaysia Airlines flight，including China， Vietnam，the US，Singapore， and the Philippines 44._______ still ______ （search）for the missing plane.
Its 45.__________ （disappear）is an "unprecedented（史无前例的）aviation mystery”， Azharuddin Abdul Rahmanm，head of Malaysia’s Civil Aviation Authority，said on March 10.
There was no sign of 46.____ crash.
About two hours of after taking off，air traffic control suddenly lost contact with the plane. The weather was clear，the pilots didn't make any distress calls，47. no debris 碎片） was found in the area 48.______ the flight last made contact.
Besides，airplane crashes 49.________ （typical）occur during takeoff or landing. Only 9 percent of fatal accidents happen 50. ______ a plane is at cruising（平稳行进的）altitude，according to a report by Boeing in August.
假设你是李华, 距高考还有2个月左右，现在你正在备战高考, 中学生活即将结束, 在这个特殊时期, 请根据以下内容给自己的父母写一封信。
内容要点：1. 感谢父母多年, 特别是高三这一年的关怀。
注意：1. 词数100左右；2. 可适当增加细节，使行文连贯。
Now I know clearly that you both are expecting me anxiously.