Benjamin West,thefather of American painting, showed his talent for art when he was only sixyears of age. But he did not know about brushes before a visitor told him heneeded one. In htose days ,a brush was made from camel’s hair. There were nocamels nearby. Benjamin decided that cat hair would work instead. He cut somefur from the family cat to make a brush.
The brush did nottlast long. Soon Benjamin needed more fur. Before long, the catbegan to lookragged （蓬乱）. His father saidthat the cat must be sick. Benjamin was forced to admit what he had been doing.
The cat’s lotwas about to improve. That year, one of Benjamin’s cousins,Mr.Pennington, came to visit. He was impressed with Benjamin’s drawings. Whenhe went home, he sent Benjamin a box of paint and some brushes. He also sentsix engravings （版画）by an artist. Thesewere the forst pictures and first real paint and brushes Benjamin had everseen.In1747，whenBenjamin was nine years old，Mr.Penningtonretured for another visit .He was amazed at what Benjamin had done with hisgift.He asked Benjamin’s parents if hemight take the boy to Philadelphia for a visit.
Inthe city, Mr.Pennington gave Benjamin materials for creatingoil paintings.The boy began a landscape (风景)painting.Wiliams ,a well-known painter,came to see him work . Wiliams wasimpressed with Benjamin and gave him two classic books on painting to take home.The books were long and dull. Benjamin could read only a little,having been apoor student.But he later said,”Those two books were my companions by day,andunder my pillow at night.”While it is likely that he understood very little ofthe books,they were his introduction to classical paintings.The nine-year-oldboy decided then that he would be an artist.
(21) What is the text mainly about? A. Benjamin’s visit to Philadelphia.B. Williams’ influence on Benjamin. C. The beginning of Benjamin’s life as an artist. D. The friendship between Benjamin and Pennington.
(22) What does the underlined sentence in paragraph 3suggest?
A. The cat would be closely watched. B. The cat would get some medicalcare. C. Benjamin would leave his home shortly. D. Benjamin would have realbrushes soon.
(23) What did Pennington do to help Benjamin develophis talent?
A. He took him to see painting exhibitions. B. He provided him withpainting materials. C. He sent him to a school in Philadelphia. D. He taught himhow to make engravings.
(24) Williams’ two books helped Benjamin to________.
A. master the use of paints B. appreciate landscape paintings C. get toknow other painters D. make up his mind to be a painter
Getting lesssleep has become a bad habit for most American kids. According to a new survey(调查) by the National SleepFoundation, 51% of kids aged 10 to 18 go to bed at 10 pm or later on schoolnights, even though they have to get up early. Last year the Foundationreported that nearly 60% of 7- to 12-year-olds said that they felt tired duringthe day, and 15% said they had fallen asleep at school.
How much sleepyou need depends a lot on your age. Babies need a lot of rest: most of themsleep about 18 hours a day! Adults need about eight hours. For most school-agechildren, ten hours is ideal(理想的). But the new National Sleep Foundation survey found that35% of 10- to 12-year-olds get only seven or eight hours. And guess what almosthalf of the surveyed kids said they do before bedtime? Watch TV.
“More childrenare going to bed with TVs on, and there are more opportunities(机会) to stay awake, with morehomework, the Internet and the phone,” says Dr. Mary Carskadon, a sleepresearcher at Brown University Medical School. She says these activities atbedtime can get kids all excited and make it hard for them to calm down andsleep. Other experts say part of the problem is chemical. Changing levels of bodychemicals called hormones not only make teenagers’ bodies develop adult zxxk characteristics,but also make it hard for teenagers to fall asleep before 11 pm.
Because sleepiness is such a problem for teenagers,some zxxk school districts have decided to start high school classes later thanthey used to. Three years ago, schools in Edina, Minnesota, changed the starttime from 7:25 am to 8:30 am. Students, parents and teachers are pleased withthe results.
(25) What is the new National Sleep Foundation surveyon?A. American kids’ sleeping habits. B. Teenagers’ sleep-related diseases.C.Activities to prevent sleeplessness. D. Learning problems and lack of sleep.
(26) How many hours of sleep do 11-year-olds needevery day?A. 7 hours. B. 8 hours. C. 10 hours. D. 18 hours.
(27) Why do teenagers go to sleep late according toCarskadon?A. They are affected by certain body chemicals.B. They tend to dothings that excite them.C. They follow their parents’ examples.D. They don’tneed to go to school early.
FLORENCE,Italy—Svetlana Cojochru feels hurt. The Moldovanhas lived here seven years as a caregiver to Italian kids and elderly, but inorder to stay she’s had to prove her language skills by taking a test whichrequires her to write a postcard to an imaginary friend and answer a fictionaljob ad.
Italy is thelatest Western European country trying to control a growing immigrant(移民) population by demandinglanguage skills in exchange for work permits, or in some cases, citizenship.
Some immigrantadvocates worry that as hard financial times make it more difficult for nativesto keep jobs, such measures will become a more vehicle for intolerance thanintegration(融合). Others sayit’s only natural that newcomers learn the language of their host nation,seeing it as a condition to ensure they can contribute to society.
Other Europeancountries laid down a similar requirement for immigrants, and some terms areeven tougher. The governments argue that this will help foreigners better jointhe society and promote understanding across cultures.
Italy, which hasa much weaker tradition of immigration, has zxxk witnessed a sharp increase inimmigration in recent years. In 1990, immigrants numbered some 1.14 million outof Italy’s then 56.7 million people, or about 2 percent. At the start of thisyear, foreigners living in Italy amounted to 4.56 million of a total populationof 60.6 million, or 7.5 percent, with immigrants’ children accounting for aneven larger percentage of births in Italy.
Cojochru, theMoldovan caregiver, hoped obtaining permanent residence(居住权) would help her bring hertwo children to Italy; they live with her sister in Moldova, where salaries areamong the lowest in Europe. She was skeptical that the language requirementwould encourage integration.
Italians always“see me as a foreigner,” an outsider, even though she’sstayed in the country for years and can speak the local language fluently,she said.
（28）Why does Cojochru have totake a language test?A. To continue to stay in Italy. B. To teach her children Italian.C. To finda better job in Italy. D. To bettermix with the Italians.
（29）Some people worry that thenew language requirement may ________.A. reduce Italy’s population
quickly B. cause conflicts among peopleC. lead to financial difficulties D.put pressure on schools
（30） What do we know aboutCojochru?A. She lives with her sister now in Italy.B. She enjoys learning theItalian language.C. She speaks Italian well enough for her job.D. She wishes togo back to her home country.
How to DoMan-on-the-Street Interviews
Theman-on-the-street interview is an interview in which a reporter hits thestreets with a cameraman to interview people on the sport. _____31_____But with these tips, your first man-on-the-street interview experience can beeasy.
l When your boss orprofessor sends you out to do man-on-the-street interviews for a story, thinkabout the topic and develop a list of about ten general questions relating toit. For example, if your topic is about environmental problems in America, youmight ask, “Why do you think environmental protection is important in America?”_____32_____
l Hit the streetswith confidence. _____33_____ Say, “Excuse me, I work for XYZ News, andI was wondering if you could share your opinion about this topic.” This is aquick way to get people to warm up to you.
Move on to the next person if someone tells you she isnot inter
Don’t get discouraged.
● 34 Eachinterview that you get on the street shouldn’t be longer than ten minutes. Assoon as you get the answer you need, move on to the next person. Make sure thatas you go from interview to interview, you are getting a variety of answers. Ifeveryone is giving you the same answer, you won’t be able to use it. A safenumber of interviews to conduct is about six to ten. 35
● If your news station or school requires interviewees tosign release forms to appear on the air, don’t leave work without them. A. Limit your time.B. As you approach people,be polite.C. If you don’t own a camera, you can buy one.D. For new reporters, thiscan seem like a challenging task.E. To get good and useful results, ask themthe same question.F. That number of interviews should give you all the answersyou need.G. With a question like this, you will get more than a “Yes” or “No”reply.
Alia Baker is a librarian in Iraq. Her library used to be a 36 place for all who loved books and liked toshare knowledge. They 37 various matters all over the world. When thewar was near, Alia was 38 that the fires of war would destroy thebooks, which are more 39 to her than mountain of gold. The books are inevery language — new books, ancient books, 40 a book on the history of Iraq that is sevenhundred years old.
She had asked the government for 41 tomove the books to a 42 place, but they refused. So Alia tookmatters into her own hands. 43 , she brought books home every night, 44 hercar late after work. Her friends came to 45 herwhen the war broke out. Anis who owned a restaurant 46 to hide some books. All through the 47 , Alia, Anis, his brothers and neighbours tookthe books from the library, 48 them over the seven-foot wall and 49 themin the restaurant. The books stayed hidden as the war 50 .Then nine days laters, a fire burned the 51 to the ground.
One day, the bombing stopped and the 52 left. But the war was not over yet. Alia knewthat if the books were to be safe, they must be 53 again while the city was 54 .So she hired a truck to bring all the books to the houses of friends in thesuburbs(郊区). Now Alia waited for the war to end and 55 peace and a new library.
（36） A. meeting B. working C.personal D. religious
（37）A.raised B. handled C. reported D. discussed
（38）A. worried B. angry C.doubtful D. curious
（39） A. practical B. precious C.reliable D. expensive
（40）A. then B. stillC.even D.rather
（41）A. permission B. confirmation C. explanation D. information
（42）A. large B. public C.distant D. safe
（43）A. Fortunately B. Surprising C.SeriouslyD.Secretly
（44）A. starting B. parking C. filling D. testing
（45）A. stop B. help C.warn D.rescue
（46）A. intendedB. pretended C.happened D. agreed
（47） A. war B. night C. building D. way
（48）A. put B. opened C. passed D. threw
（49）A. hid B. exchanged C.burnt D.distributed
（50）A. approached B. erupted C. continued D. ended
（51）A. restaurant B. library C. city D.wall
（52）A. neighbours B. soldiers C. friendsD.customers
（53）A. sold B. read C. saved D. moved
（54）A. occupied B. bombed C.quiet D.busy
（55）A. dreamed of B. believed in C. cared about D. looked for
Last October,while tending her garden in Mora ,Sweden ,Lena Pahlsson pulled out a handful ofsmall
56 (carrot) and wasabout to throw them away .But something made her look closer ,and she noticed a
57(shine) object .Yes ,therebeneath the leafy top of one tiny carrot was her long-lost wedding ring.
Pahlsson screamed 58 loudlythat her daughter came running from the house .“she thought I had hurt
59 (I),”says Pahlsson Sixteen years 60 (early),Pahlsson hadremoved the diamond ring 61 (cook) a meal. When she
wanted to put the ring back on later, it was gone. She suspected that one of her three daughters-then ten. eight, and six- had picked it up, but the girls said they hadn't. Pahlsson and her husband 62 (search) the kitchen, checking every corner. but turned up nothing. “I gave up hope of finding my ring again," she says. She never replaced it.
Pahlsson and her husband now think the ring probably got 63 (sweep) into a pile of kitchen rubbish and was spread over the garden, 64 it remained until the carrot’s leafy top accidentally sprouted (生长) through it. For Pahlsson, its return was 65 wonder.
On a bright, warm July afternoon, Mac Hollan, a primary schoolteacher, was cycling from his home to Alaska with his friends. One ofhis friends had stopped to make a bicycle repair, but they hadencouraged Mac to carry on, and they would catch up with him soon. As Macpedaled ( 骑行)
along alone, he thought fondly of his wife and twoyoung daughters at home. He hoped to show them this beautiful placesomeday.
Then Mac heard quick and loud breathing behind him. “Man, that's a bigdog!" he thought. But when he looked to the side, he saw instantly that itwasn’t a dog at all,but a wolf:, quickly catching up with him.
Mac’s heart jumped. He found out his can of hearspray. With one hand on the bars, he fired the spray at the wolf. A bright redcloud enveloped the animal, and to Mac's relief, it fell back, shaking itshead. But a minute later, it was by his side again. Then it attacked the backof Mac's
bike, tearing open his tent hag. He fired at the wolfa second time, and again, it fell back only to quickly restart the chase（追赶）。
Mac was pedaling hard now. He waved and yelled at passing cars butwas careful not to show down. He was a steep uphill climb before him. Heknew that zxxk once he hit the hill, he’d be easy caught up and the wolf’steeth would be tearing into his flesh.
At this moment, Paul and Beeky were driving their car on their wayto Alaska. They didn’t think much of it when they saw two cyclists repairingtheir bike on the side of the road. A bit later, they spotted what they, too,assumed was a dog running alongside a man on a bike. As they got closer, theyrealized that the dog was a wolf. Mac heard a large vehicle behind him. Hepulled in front of it as the wolf was catching up fast, just a dozen yards awaynow.