• 2018年高考真题 英语 (江苏卷)
前去估分
单选题 本大题共41小题,每小题1.5分,共61.5分。在每小题给出的4个选项中,有且只有一项是符合题目要求。
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1. What will James do tomorrow?

AWatch a TV program.

BGive a talk.

CWrite a report.

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2. What can we say about the woman?

AShe’s generous.

BShe’s curious.

CShe’s helpful.

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3. When does the train leave?

AAt 6:30.

BAt 8:30.

CAt 10:30.

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4. How does the woman go to work?

ABy car.

BOn foot.

CBy bike.

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5. What is the probable relationship between the speakers?

AClassmates.

BTeacher and student.

CDoctor and patient.

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6. What does the woman regret?

AGiving up her research.

BDropping out of college.

CChanging her major.

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7. What is the woman interested in studying now?

AEcology.

BEducation.

CChemistry.

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8. What is the man?

AA hotel manager.

BA tour guide.

CA taxi driver.

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9. What is the man doing for the woman?

ALooking for some local foods.

BShowing her around the seaside.

COffering information about a hotel.

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10. Where does the conversation probably take place?

AIn an office.

BAt home

CAt a restaurant.

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11. What will the speakers do tomorrow evening?

AGo to a concert.

BVisit a friend.

CWork extra hours.

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12. Who is Alice going to call?

AMike.

BJoan.

CCatherine.

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13. Why does the woman meet the man?

ATo look at an apartment.

BTo deliver some furniture.

CTo have a meal together.

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14. What does the woman like about the carpet?

AIts color.

BIts design.

CIts quality.

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15. What does the man say about the kitchen?

AIt’s a good size.

BIt’s newly painted.

CIt’s adequately equipped.

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16. What will the woman probably do next?

AGo downtown.

BTalk with her friend.

CMake payment.

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17. Who is the speaker probably talking to?

AMovie fans.

BNews reporters.

CCollege students.

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18. When did the speaker take English classes?

ABefore he left his hometown.

BAfter he came to America.

CWhen he was 15 years old.

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19. How does the speaker feel about his teacher?

AHe’s proud.

BHe’s sympathetic.

CHe’s grateful.

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20. What does the speaker mainly talk about?

AHow education shaped his life.

BHow his language skills improved.

CHow he managed his business well.

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21. By boat is the only way to get here, which is _______ we arrived.

Awhere

Bwhen

Cwhy

Dhow

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22. Kids shouldn’t have access to violent films because they might _______ the things they see.   A. indicate

Ainvestigate

Bimitate

Cinnovate

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23. Self-driving is an area _______ China and the rest of the world are on the same starting line. A. that

Awhere

Bwhich

Cwhen

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24. It’s strange that he _______ have taken the books without the owner’s permission.

Awould

Bshould

Ccould

Dmight

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25. Developing the Yangtze River Economic Belt is a systematic project which _______ a clear road map and

timetable.

Acalls for

Bcalls on

Ccalls off

Dcalls up

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26. Around 13,500 new jobs were created during the period, _______ the expected number of 12,000 held by

market analysts.

Ahaving exceeded

Bto exceed

Cexceeded

Dexceeding

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27. There is a good social life in the village, and I wish I _______ a second chance to become more involved.

Ahad

Bwill have

Cwould have had

Dhave had

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28. —You know what? I’ve got a New Year concert ticket.

—Oh, _______ You’re kidding.

Aso what?

Bgo ahead.

Ccome on.

Dwhat for?

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29. _______ you can sleep well, you will lose the ability to focus, plan and stay motivated after one or two nights.

AOnce

BUnless

CIf

DWhen

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30. I was sent to the village last month to see how the development plan _______ in the past two years.

Ahad been carried out

Bwould be carried out

Cis being carried out

Dhas been carried out

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31. Hopefully in 2025 we will no longer be e-mailing each other, for we _______ more convenient electronic

communication tools by then.

Ahave developed

Bhad developed

Cwill have developed

Ddeveloped

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32. Try to understand what’s actually happening instead of acting on the _______ you’ve made. A. assignment

Aassociation

Bacquisition

Cassumption

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33. China’s soft power grows _______ the increasing appreciation and understanding of China globally.

Ain line with

Bin reply to

Cin return for

Din honour of

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34. Despite the poor service of the hotel, the manager is _______ to invest in sufficient training for his staff.

Akeen

Breluctant

Canxious

Dready

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35. —What happened? Your boss seems to _______.

—Didn’t you know his secretary leaked the secret report to the press?

Abe over the moon

Blaugh his head off

Cbe all ears

Dfly off the handle

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65. Why did some secondary school students feel too much pressure?

AThey were not provided with adequate equipment.

BThey were not well prepared for emotional risks.

CThey were required to give quick responses.

DThey were prevented from using mobile phones.

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66. Some social app companies were to blame because            .

Athey didn’t adequately check their users’ registration

Bthey organized photo trips to attract more youngsters

Cthey encouraged youngsters to post more photos

Dthey didn’t stop youngsters from staying up late

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67. Children’s comparing themselves to others online may lead to            .

Aless friendliness to each other

Blower self-identity and confidence

Can increase in online cheating

Da stronger desire to stay online

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68. According to Life in Likes, as children grew, they became more anxious to            .

Acirculate their posts quickly

Bknow the qualities of their posts

Cuse mobile phones for play

Dget more public approval

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69. What should parents do to solve the problem?

ACommunicate more with secondary schools.

BUrge media companies to create safer apps.

CKeep track of children’s use of social media.

DForbid their children from visiting the web.

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70. What does the passage mainly talk about?

AThe influence of social media on children.

BThe importance of social media to children.

CThe problem in building a healthy relationship.

DThe measure to reduce risks from social media.

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简答题(综合题) 本大题共38分。简答应写出文字说明、证明过程或演算步骤。
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Raynor Winn and her husband Moth became homeless due to their wrong investment. Their savingshad been

   36    to pay lawyers’ fees. To make matters worse,Moth was diagnosed(诊断)with a    37    disease. There was no    38   , only pain relief.

Failingto find any other way out, they decided to make a    39    journey,as they caught sight of an old

hikers’(徒步旅行者)guide.

Thiswas a long journey of unaccustomed hardship and    40    recovery.When leaving home, Raynor and

Mothhad just £320 inthe bank. They planned to keep the    41    lowby living on boiled noodles, with the     42    hamburgershop treat.

Wildcamping is    43    in England. To avoid being caught, the Winnshad to get their tent up    44 

andpacked it away early in the morning. The Winns soon discovered that dailyhiking in their 50s is a lot    45    thanthey remember it was in their 20s. Raynor    46    allover and desired a bath. Moth, meanwhile, after an initial    47   , found his symptoms were strangely    48    bytheir daily tiring journey.

   49   , the couple found that their bodiesturned for the better, with re-found strong muscles that they

thoughthad    50    forever. "Our hair was fried and falling out, nails broken, clothes    51    toa thread, but we were alive."

Duringthe journey, Raynor began a career as a nature writer. She writes, "   52    had taken every

materialthing from me and left me torn bare, an empty page at the end of a(n)    53    writtenbook. It had also given me a    54   , either to leave that page    55    orto keep writing the story with hope. I chose hope."

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A

The Metropolitan Museum of Art

1000 Fifth Avenue New York, NY 10028

211-535-7710 www.metmuseum.org

Entrances

Fifth Avenue at 82nd Street

Hours

Open 7 days a week.

Sunday—Thursday 10:00—17:30

Friday and Saturday 10:00—21:00

Closed Thanksgiving Day, December 25, January 1, and the first Monday in May.

Admission

$25.00 recommended for adults, $12.00 recommended for students, includes the Main Building and The Cloisters(回廊)on the same day; free for children under 12 with an adult.

Free with Admission

All special exhibitions, as well as films, lectures, guided tours, concerts, gallery talks, and

family/children’s programs are free with admission.

Ask about today’s activities at the Great Hall Information Desk.

The Cloisters Museum and Gardens

The Cloisters museum and gardens is a branch of The Metropolitan Museum of Art devoted to the art and architecture of Europe in the Middle Ages. The extensive

collection consists of masterworks in sculpture, colored glass, and precious objects from Europe dating from about the 9th to the 15th century.

Hours: Open 7 days a week.

March—October 10:00—17:15

November—February 10:00—16:45

Closed Thanksgiving Day, December 25, and January 1.

56. How much may they pay if an 11-year-old girl and her working parents visit the museum?

A$12.

B$37.

C$ 50.

D$ 62.

57. The attraction of the Cloisters museum and gardens lies in the fact that            .

Ait opens all the year round

Bits collections date from the Middle Ages

Cit has a modern European-style garden

Dit sells excellent European glass collections

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B

In the 1760s, Mathurin Roze opened a series of shops that boasted(享有)a special meat soup called consomme. Although the main attraction was the soup, Roze’s chain shops also set a new standard for dining out, which helped to establish Roze as the inventor of the modern restaurant.

Today, scholars have generated large amounts of instructive research about restaurants. Take

visual hints that influence what we eat: diners served themselves about 20 percent more pasta(意大利面食)when their plates matched their food. When a dark-colored cake was served on a black plate rather than a white one, customers recognized it as sweeter and more tasty.

Lighting matters, too. When Berlin restaurant customers ate in darkness, they couldn’t tell how much they’d had: those given extra-large shares ate more than everyone else, but were none the wiser—they didn’t feel fuller, and they were just as ready for dessert.

Time is money, but that principle means different things for different types of restaurants. Unlike fast-food places, fine dining shops prefer customers to stay longer and spend. One way to encourage customers to stay and order that extra round: put on some Mozart(莫扎特). When classical, rather than pop, music was playing, diners spent more. Fast music hurried diners out. Particular scents also have an effect: diners who got the scent of lavender(薰衣草)stayed longer and spent more than those who smelled lemon, or no scent.

Meanwhile, things that you might expect to discourage spending—"bad" tables, crowding, high prices — don’t necessarily. Diners at bad tables — next to the kitchen door, say — spent nearly as much as others but soon fled. It can be concluded that restaurant keepers need not "be overly concerned about ‘bad’ tables," given that they’re profitable. As for crowds, a Hong Kong study found that they increased a restaurant’s reputation, suggesting great food at fair prices. And doubling a buffet’s price led customers to say that its pizza was 11 percent tastier.

58. The underlined phrase "none the wiser" in paragraph 3 most probably implies that the customers were            .

Anot aware of eating more than usual

Bnot willing to share food with others

Cnot conscious of the food quality

Dnot fond of the food provided

59. How could a fine dining shop make more profit?

APlaying classical music.

BIntroducing lemon scent.

CMaking the light brighter.

DUsing plates of larger size.

60. What does the last paragraph talk about?

ATips to attract more customers.

BProblems restaurants are faced with.

CWays to improve restaurants’ reputation.

DCommon misunderstandings about restaurants.

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C

If you want to disturb the car industry, you’d better have a few billion dollars: Mom-and-pop carmakers are unlikely to beat the biggest car companies. But in agriculture, small farmers can get the best of the major players. By connecting directly with customers, and by responding quickly to changes in the markets as well as in the ecosystems(生态系统), small farmers can keep one step ahead of the big guys. As the co-founder of the National Young Farmers Coalition (NYFC, 美国青年农会)and a family farmer myself, I have a front-row seat to the innovations among small farmers that are transforming the industry.

For example, take the Quick Cut Greens Harvester, a tool developed just a couple of years ago by a young farmer, Jonathan Dysinger, in Tennessee, with a small loan from a local Slow Money group. It enables small-scale farmers to harvest 175 pounds of green vegetables per hour—a huge improvement over harvesting just a few dozen pounds by hand—suddenly making it possible for the little guys to compete with large farms of California. Before the tool came out, small farmers couldn’t touch the price per pound offered by California farms. But now, with the combination of a better price point and a generally fresher product, they can stay in business.

The sustainable success of small farmers, though, won’t happen without fundamental changes to the industry. One crucial factor is secure access to land. Competition from investors. developers, and established large farmers makes owning one’s own land unattainable for many new farmers. From 2004 to 2013, agricultural land values doubled, and they continue to rise in many regions.

Another challenge for more than a million of the most qualified farm workers and managers is a non-existent path to citizenship — the greatest barrier to building a farm of their own. With farmers over the age of 65 outnumbering(多于) farmers younger than 35 by six to one, and with two-thirds of the nation’s farmland in need of a new farmer, we must clear the path for talented people willing to grow the nation’s food.

There are solutions that could light a path toward a more sustainable and fair farm economy, but farmers can’t clumsily put them together before us. We at the NYFC need broad support as we urge Congress to increase farmland conservation, as we push for immigration reform, and as we seek policies that will ensure the success of a diverse and ambitious next generation of farms from all backgrounds. With a new farm bill to be debated in Congress, consumers must take a stand with young farmers.

61. The author mentions car industry at the beginning of the passage to introduce          .

Athe progress made in car industry

Ba special feature of agriculture

Ca trend of development in agriculture

Dthe importance of investing in car industry

62. What does the author want to illustrate with the example in paragraph 2?

ALoans to small local farmers are necessary.

BTechnology is vital for agricultural development.

CCompetition between small and big farms is fierce.

DSmall farmers may gain some advantages over big ones.

63. What is the difficulty for those new famers?

ATo gain more financial aid.

BTo hire good farm managers.

CTo have farms of their own.

DTo win old farmers’ support.

64. What should farmers do for a more sustainable and fair farm economy?

ASeek support beyond NYFC.

BExpand farmland conservation.

CBecome members of NYFC.

DInvest more to improve technology.

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