• 英语 2018年高三天津市第三次模拟试题
单选题 本大题共35小题,每小题1分,共35分。在每小题给出的4个选项中,有且只有一项是符合题目要求。
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第一节:单项填空(共15个小题,每小题1分,满分15分)

    从A、B、C、D四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。

-I’m terribly sorry to interrupt, but may I use your phone? It’s rather urgent.

-Yes, ______.

Awith pleasure

Bof course

Cno hurry

Dit doesn’t matter

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“Tommy, run! Be quick! The house is on fire!” the mother shouted, with ______ clearly in her voice.

Aanger

Brudeness

Cregret

Dpanic

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I agree to his suggestion ______ the condition that he drops all charges.

Aon

Bin

Cby

Dto

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More highways have been built in China, ______ it much easier for people to travel from one place to another.

Amaking

Bmade

Cto make

Dhaving made

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Some insects ______ the colour of their surroundings to protect themselves.

Atake in

Btake off

Ctake on

Dtake out

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-Excuse me, ______?

-That’s $35.76 altogether, madam.

Ahow much do you want

Bbut can I take your order

Ccould I have the bill, please

Dwould you please take the money

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I’d prefer to ______ my judgement until I find all the evidence.

Ashow

Bexpress

Cpass

Dreserve

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Claire had her luggage ______ an hour before her plane left.

Acheck

Bchecking

Cto check

Dchecked

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There is little doubt in your mind that he is innocent, ______?

Ais there

Bisn’t there

Cis he

Disn’t he

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Planning so far ahead ______ no sense – so many things will have changed by next year.

Amade

Bis making

Cmakes

Dhas made

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Don’t handle the vase as if it ______ made of steel.

Ais

Bwere

Chas been

Dhad been

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We live in an age ______ more information is available with greater ease than ever before.

Athat

Bwhich

Cwhen

Dwhere

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It was 80 years before Christopher Columbus crossed the Atlantic ______ Zheng He had sailed to East Africa.

Awhen

Bthat

Cafter

Dsince

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One Friday, we were packing to leave for a weekend away ______ my daughter heard cries for help.

Awhen

Bwhile

Csince

Dafter

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But for the help of my English teacher, I ______ the first prize in the English Writing Composition.

Awould not win

Bwould not have won

Cwould win

Dwould have won

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第二部分 阅读理解(共20个小题,每小题2.5分,满分50分)

    阅读下列短文,从每题所给的A、B、C、D四个选项中,选出最佳选项。

                                A

Bayside Technical College 5th Annual Exploring Science Career Day Saturday, May 17

        Exploring Science Career Day (E.S.C.D.) will give Bayside Middle School students a chance to explore the different careers available in the field of science.

        In the morning, students will take part in hands-on science activities. Then in the afternoon, the students will gather for a question-and-answer session with scientists.

        Welcome – 7:30 a.m. – 8 a.m. Brown Student Center (located in the Dining Hall)

        Students will gather and meet.

        Science Activites – 8 a.m. – 12 noon Benson Building

        The students will be divided into four groups which will rotate (轮流) among the four science demonstrations each hour.

        1.Biology Room 102

        Students will test water samples from various local sources to determine the acid levels and guess what might cause differences in the acid levels.

        2.Mechanical Engineering Room 104

        Students will build simple wooden bridges and test how much weight their designs can stand.

        3.Computer Science Room 203

        Students will visit the computer lab to study computer programs and printouts (打印输出).

        4.Geology (地质学) Room 213

        Using descriptions, students will classify and identify different kinds of rocks.

        Lunch – 12 noon – 1 p.m. Students will eat in the Dining Hall. They may either buy a lunch or bring their own.

        Question-and-Answer Session – 1 p.m. – 2 p.m. Brown Student Center

        The scientists who will be available to answer questions include a computer programmer, electrical engineer, pharmacist (药剂师), a research biologist, and veterinarian (兽医).

        Wrap-up Session – 2 p.m. – 3 p.m. Brown Student Center

        The students will have a chance to look through some displays and to review available materials about science programs. The students will also have opportunities to visit with scientists and the college staff.

What will students do in the morning during E.S.C.D.?

AAttend a meeting.

BVisit with the scientists.

CHave a tour around the college.

DTake part in science demonstrations.

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                                A

Bayside Technical College 5th Annual Exploring Science Career Day Saturday, May 17

        Exploring Science Career Day (E.S.C.D.) will give Bayside Middle School students a chance to explore the different careers available in the field of science.

        In the morning, students will take part in hands-on science activities. Then in the afternoon, the students will gather for a question-and-answer session with scientists.

        Welcome – 7:30 a.m. – 8 a.m. Brown Student Center (located in the Dining Hall)

        Students will gather and meet.

        Science Activites – 8 a.m. – 12 noon Benson Building

        The students will be divided into four groups which will rotate (轮流) among the four science demonstrations each hour.

        1.Biology Room 102

        Students will test water samples from various local sources to determine the acid levels and guess what might cause differences in the acid levels.

        2.Mechanical Engineering Room 104

        Students will build simple wooden bridges and test how much weight their designs can stand.

        3.Computer Science Room 203

        Students will visit the computer lab to study computer programs and printouts (打印输出).

        4.Geology (地质学) Room 213

        Using descriptions, students will classify and identify different kinds of rocks.

        Lunch – 12 noon – 1 p.m. Students will eat in the Dining Hall. They may either buy a lunch or bring their own.

        Question-and-Answer Session – 1 p.m. – 2 p.m. Brown Student Center

        The scientists who will be available to answer questions include a computer programmer, electrical engineer, pharmacist (药剂师), a research biologist, and veterinarian (兽医).

        Wrap-up Session – 2 p.m. – 3 p.m. Brown Student Center

        The students will have a chance to look through some displays and to review available materials about science programs. The students will also have opportunities to visit with scientists and the college staff.

Which part of the text should a student read to find out where to go first during

AS.C.D.?

BWelcome.

CQuestion-and-Answer Session.

DWrap-up Session.

ELunch.

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                                A

Bayside Technical College 5th Annual Exploring Science Career Day Saturday, May 17

        Exploring Science Career Day (E.S.C.D.) will give Bayside Middle School students a chance to explore the different careers available in the field of science.

        In the morning, students will take part in hands-on science activities. Then in the afternoon, the students will gather for a question-and-answer session with scientists.

        Welcome – 7:30 a.m. – 8 a.m. Brown Student Center (located in the Dining Hall)

        Students will gather and meet.

        Science Activites – 8 a.m. – 12 noon Benson Building

        The students will be divided into four groups which will rotate (轮流) among the four science demonstrations each hour.

        1.Biology Room 102

        Students will test water samples from various local sources to determine the acid levels and guess what might cause differences in the acid levels.

        2.Mechanical Engineering Room 104

        Students will build simple wooden bridges and test how much weight their designs can stand.

        3.Computer Science Room 203

        Students will visit the computer lab to study computer programs and printouts (打印输出).

        4.Geology (地质学) Room 213

        Using descriptions, students will classify and identify different kinds of rocks.

        Lunch – 12 noon – 1 p.m. Students will eat in the Dining Hall. They may either buy a lunch or bring their own.

        Question-and-Answer Session – 1 p.m. – 2 p.m. Brown Student Center

        The scientists who will be available to answer questions include a computer programmer, electrical engineer, pharmacist (药剂师), a research biologist, and veterinarian (兽医).

        Wrap-up Session – 2 p.m. – 3 p.m. Brown Student Center

        The students will have a chance to look through some displays and to review available materials about science programs. The students will also have opportunities to visit with scientists and the college staff.

In which room would a student learn about the basics of building bridges?

ARoom 102.

BRoom 104.

CRoom 203.

DRoom 213.

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                                A

Bayside Technical College 5th Annual Exploring Science Career Day Saturday, May 17

        Exploring Science Career Day (E.S.C.D.) will give Bayside Middle School students a chance to explore the different careers available in the field of science.

        In the morning, students will take part in hands-on science activities. Then in the afternoon, the students will gather for a question-and-answer session with scientists.

        Welcome – 7:30 a.m. – 8 a.m. Brown Student Center (located in the Dining Hall)

        Students will gather and meet.

        Science Activites – 8 a.m. – 12 noon Benson Building

        The students will be divided into four groups which will rotate (轮流) among the four science demonstrations each hour.

        1.Biology Room 102

        Students will test water samples from various local sources to determine the acid levels and guess what might cause differences in the acid levels.

        2.Mechanical Engineering Room 104

        Students will build simple wooden bridges and test how much weight their designs can stand.

        3.Computer Science Room 203

        Students will visit the computer lab to study computer programs and printouts (打印输出).

        4.Geology (地质学) Room 213

        Using descriptions, students will classify and identify different kinds of rocks.

        Lunch – 12 noon – 1 p.m. Students will eat in the Dining Hall. They may either buy a lunch or bring their own.

        Question-and-Answer Session – 1 p.m. – 2 p.m. Brown Student Center

        The scientists who will be available to answer questions include a computer programmer, electrical engineer, pharmacist (药剂师), a research biologist, and veterinarian (兽医).

        Wrap-up Session – 2 p.m. – 3 p.m. Brown Student Center

        The students will have a chance to look through some displays and to review available materials about science programs. The students will also have opportunities to visit with scientists and the college staff.

Who would be the best source of information for a student interested in examining water samples?

AA computer programmer.

BA mechanical engineer.

CA biologist.

DA geologist.

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                                A

Bayside Technical College 5th Annual Exploring Science Career Day Saturday, May 17

        Exploring Science Career Day (E.S.C.D.) will give Bayside Middle School students a chance to explore the different careers available in the field of science.

        In the morning, students will take part in hands-on science activities. Then in the afternoon, the students will gather for a question-and-answer session with scientists.

        Welcome – 7:30 a.m. – 8 a.m. Brown Student Center (located in the Dining Hall)

        Students will gather and meet.

        Science Activites – 8 a.m. – 12 noon Benson Building

        The students will be divided into four groups which will rotate (轮流) among the four science demonstrations each hour.

        1.Biology Room 102

        Students will test water samples from various local sources to determine the acid levels and guess what might cause differences in the acid levels.

        2.Mechanical Engineering Room 104

        Students will build simple wooden bridges and test how much weight their designs can stand.

        3.Computer Science Room 203

        Students will visit the computer lab to study computer programs and printouts (打印输出).

        4.Geology (地质学) Room 213

        Using descriptions, students will classify and identify different kinds of rocks.

        Lunch – 12 noon – 1 p.m. Students will eat in the Dining Hall. They may either buy a lunch or bring their own.

        Question-and-Answer Session – 1 p.m. – 2 p.m. Brown Student Center

        The scientists who will be available to answer questions include a computer programmer, electrical engineer, pharmacist (药剂师), a research biologist, and veterinarian (兽医).

        Wrap-up Session – 2 p.m. – 3 p.m. Brown Student Center

        The students will have a chance to look through some displays and to review available materials about science programs. The students will also have opportunities to visit with scientists and the college staff.

Students will ________ at Brown Student Center in the afternoon.

Abe divided into four groups

Bdo experiments with the scientists

Clisten to a speech made by a scientist

Dlook through information about science programs

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                                B

        “Where is the light?”My dad used to ask me that when I was little. It’s one of those questions that parents use to find out how smart their young children are. During my teenage years, my dad jokingly told me that he thought I was going to be dim-witted because I pointed at him whenever he asked me where the light was.

        Dad is from a rural area about 230 kilometers north of the capital Manila, and where most people live off the land, raising and selling livestock and poultry. His father, an artist and street magician, died when he was very young. To make ends meet, his mother went about town and washed laundry in various households. My dad found himself alone-lack of nurturing and love, short of family bonds.

        Dad loved reading and always looked for opportunities to educate himself. One day, when my father was 16 and out of work, a pastor saw him sitting under a tree absorbed in a book. He approached Dad and asked him why he wasn’t in school. Dad replied that he had no money for college. The pastor saw his desire to study and recommended him to University of the Cordilleras as a working student. He also gave Dad a job at a local church. Thanks to the pastor, Dad got his Bachelor of Arts degree, then went on to study law and became a successful lawyer. He wrote a widely read textbook on Philippine law.

        Looking at my father now, I can see how he was able to overcome so many obstacles. He is by nature a hardworking man, pouring his energy into his career without forgetting his family. He values education-when we were younger, he would tell me and my brother to constantly seek improvement in ourselves through learning.

        Like a light, he shines with dignity and respect because of his achievements, but his light radiates the brightest for maintaining our family as a cohesive unit with love and faith as its foundation.

        There are times when my dad kids around and asks me, using my childhood nickname, “Sasi, where’s the light?”

        I just smile, and point at him.

What jokes did Dad play on the writer?

AHe considered her a little foolish.

BHe treated himself as the light.

CHe turned the light on to be dim for her.

DHe asked her to answer many difficult questions.

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                                B

        “Where is the light?”My dad used to ask me that when I was little. It’s one of those questions that parents use to find out how smart their young children are. During my teenage years, my dad jokingly told me that he thought I was going to be dim-witted because I pointed at him whenever he asked me where the light was.

        Dad is from a rural area about 230 kilometers north of the capital Manila, and where most people live off the land, raising and selling livestock and poultry. His father, an artist and street magician, died when he was very young. To make ends meet, his mother went about town and washed laundry in various households. My dad found himself alone-lack of nurturing and love, short of family bonds.

        Dad loved reading and always looked for opportunities to educate himself. One day, when my father was 16 and out of work, a pastor saw him sitting under a tree absorbed in a book. He approached Dad and asked him why he wasn’t in school. Dad replied that he had no money for college. The pastor saw his desire to study and recommended him to University of the Cordilleras as a working student. He also gave Dad a job at a local church. Thanks to the pastor, Dad got his Bachelor of Arts degree, then went on to study law and became a successful lawyer. He wrote a widely read textbook on Philippine law.

        Looking at my father now, I can see how he was able to overcome so many obstacles. He is by nature a hardworking man, pouring his energy into his career without forgetting his family. He values education-when we were younger, he would tell me and my brother to constantly seek improvement in ourselves through learning.

        Like a light, he shines with dignity and respect because of his achievements, but his light radiates the brightest for maintaining our family as a cohesive unit with love and faith as its foundation.

        There are times when my dad kids around and asks me, using my childhood nickname, “Sasi, where’s the light?”

        I just smile, and point at him.

It can be inferred from the second paragraph that ________.

ADad got along well with his sisters.

BDad didn’t have a happy childhood.

CDad was particular about his clothes.

DDad used to wander in the market.

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                                B

        “Where is the light?”My dad used to ask me that when I was little. It’s one of those questions that parents use to find out how smart their young children are. During my teenage years, my dad jokingly told me that he thought I was going to be dim-witted because I pointed at him whenever he asked me where the light was.

        Dad is from a rural area about 230 kilometers north of the capital Manila, and where most people live off the land, raising and selling livestock and poultry. His father, an artist and street magician, died when he was very young. To make ends meet, his mother went about town and washed laundry in various households. My dad found himself alone-lack of nurturing and love, short of family bonds.

        Dad loved reading and always looked for opportunities to educate himself. One day, when my father was 16 and out of work, a pastor saw him sitting under a tree absorbed in a book. He approached Dad and asked him why he wasn’t in school. Dad replied that he had no money for college. The pastor saw his desire to study and recommended him to University of the Cordilleras as a working student. He also gave Dad a job at a local church. Thanks to the pastor, Dad got his Bachelor of Arts degree, then went on to study law and became a successful lawyer. He wrote a widely read textbook on Philippine law.

        Looking at my father now, I can see how he was able to overcome so many obstacles. He is by nature a hardworking man, pouring his energy into his career without forgetting his family. He values education-when we were younger, he would tell me and my brother to constantly seek improvement in ourselves through learning.

        Like a light, he shines with dignity and respect because of his achievements, but his light radiates the brightest for maintaining our family as a cohesive unit with love and faith as its foundation.

        There are times when my dad kids around and asks me, using my childhood nickname, “Sasi, where’s the light?”

        I just smile, and point at him.

How did Dad finish his college education?

AHe won a scholarship by studying hard.

BHe got financial support from a pastor.

CHe paid his fees by doing a part-time job.

DHe earned money by writing books on law.

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                                B

        “Where is the light?”My dad used to ask me that when I was little. It’s one of those questions that parents use to find out how smart their young children are. During my teenage years, my dad jokingly told me that he thought I was going to be dim-witted because I pointed at him whenever he asked me where the light was.

        Dad is from a rural area about 230 kilometers north of the capital Manila, and where most people live off the land, raising and selling livestock and poultry. His father, an artist and street magician, died when he was very young. To make ends meet, his mother went about town and washed laundry in various households. My dad found himself alone-lack of nurturing and love, short of family bonds.

        Dad loved reading and always looked for opportunities to educate himself. One day, when my father was 16 and out of work, a pastor saw him sitting under a tree absorbed in a book. He approached Dad and asked him why he wasn’t in school. Dad replied that he had no money for college. The pastor saw his desire to study and recommended him to University of the Cordilleras as a working student. He also gave Dad a job at a local church. Thanks to the pastor, Dad got his Bachelor of Arts degree, then went on to study law and became a successful lawyer. He wrote a widely read textbook on Philippine law.

        Looking at my father now, I can see how he was able to overcome so many obstacles. He is by nature a hardworking man, pouring his energy into his career without forgetting his family. He values education-when we were younger, he would tell me and my brother to constantly seek improvement in ourselves through learning.

        Like a light, he shines with dignity and respect because of his achievements, but his light radiates the brightest for maintaining our family as a cohesive unit with love and faith as its foundation.

        There are times when my dad kids around and asks me, using my childhood nickname, “Sasi, where’s the light?”

        I just smile, and point at him.

In the eyes of the writer, her dad ________.

Ataught his children by himself at home

Bworked too hard to forget the family

Cchose careers for his children

Dacted as the light in their life

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                                B

        “Where is the light?”My dad used to ask me that when I was little. It’s one of those questions that parents use to find out how smart their young children are. During my teenage years, my dad jokingly told me that he thought I was going to be dim-witted because I pointed at him whenever he asked me where the light was.

        Dad is from a rural area about 230 kilometers north of the capital Manila, and where most people live off the land, raising and selling livestock and poultry. His father, an artist and street magician, died when he was very young. To make ends meet, his mother went about town and washed laundry in various households. My dad found himself alone-lack of nurturing and love, short of family bonds.

        Dad loved reading and always looked for opportunities to educate himself. One day, when my father was 16 and out of work, a pastor saw him sitting under a tree absorbed in a book. He approached Dad and asked him why he wasn’t in school. Dad replied that he had no money for college. The pastor saw his desire to study and recommended him to University of the Cordilleras as a working student. He also gave Dad a job at a local church. Thanks to the pastor, Dad got his Bachelor of Arts degree, then went on to study law and became a successful lawyer. He wrote a widely read textbook on Philippine law.

        Looking at my father now, I can see how he was able to overcome so many obstacles. He is by nature a hardworking man, pouring his energy into his career without forgetting his family. He values education-when we were younger, he would tell me and my brother to constantly seek improvement in ourselves through learning.

        Like a light, he shines with dignity and respect because of his achievements, but his light radiates the brightest for maintaining our family as a cohesive unit with love and faith as its foundation.

        There are times when my dad kids around and asks me, using my childhood nickname, “Sasi, where’s the light?”

        I just smile, and point at him.

Why did the writer write this passage?

ATo praise her dad for his effort to success.

BTo recall a question asked by her dad.

CTo stress the importance of the light.

DTo introduce the benefit of a close family.

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                                C

        People want action on noise, a recent public meeting in Brisbane showed. Some want  technical improvements such as quieter air conditioners or better sound barriers around major roads. Others want tougher laws to restrict noise from building sites or to require owners to take responsibility for barking dogs. But the highest priority was a noise complaints system that works.

        Brisbane City Council receives more complaints about noise than all other problems put together. So it conducted a survey and found that about half its residents are upset by noise in one form or another --- traffic, mowers, pool pumps, air conditioners or loud parties. This inspired the Council to bring together more than 100 citizens one evening to talk through a range of options.

        The meeting found the present regulatory system bizarre (奇异的). Depending on the problem, responsibility for noise can lie with the Council, the Environment Protection Authority, one of three government departments or even the police. So complainants often feel they are getting the run-round. When the people at the forum were asked to vote for changes, the strongest response was for a 24-hour noise hotline to be the first port of call for all complaints.

        The forum also favored regulatory measures, such as tougher minimum standards for noise in appliances like air conditioners. This even makes economic sense, as noise is a waste of energy and money. Other measures the meeting supported were wider buffer (缓冲) zones around noisy activities and controls to keep heavy traffic away from residential areas.

        But there are obvious conflicts. Many people like to have a bar within walking distance if they feel like a drink, but they don’t want a noisy pub keeping them awake when they want an early night. Most people want to live near a major road providing good access to other parts of the city, but they don’t want the problem of road noise.

        I was most interested by the proposals aimed at behavioral change. There was strong support for measures to reduce traffic: better public transport, cycle ways and footpaths, even charges for road use. Many people optimistically thought industry awards for better equipment would stimulate the production of quieter appliances. It was even suggested that noise from building sites could be alleviated (减轻) if Brisbane adopted daylight saving (夏令时), thus shifting the working day and providing longer, quieter evenings.

According to the recent public meeting in Brisbane, what was the first step to take in order to reduce noise pollution?

AProduce quieter air conditioners.

BProvide better sound barriers around major roads.

CEstablish a noise complaints system.

DMake stricter laws to require owners to take responsibility for barking dogs.

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                                C

        People want action on noise, a recent public meeting in Brisbane showed. Some want  technical improvements such as quieter air conditioners or better sound barriers around major roads. Others want tougher laws to restrict noise from building sites or to require owners to take responsibility for barking dogs. But the highest priority was a noise complaints system that works.

        Brisbane City Council receives more complaints about noise than all other problems put together. So it conducted a survey and found that about half its residents are upset by noise in one form or another --- traffic, mowers, pool pumps, air conditioners or loud parties. This inspired the Council to bring together more than 100 citizens one evening to talk through a range of options.

        The meeting found the present regulatory system bizarre (奇异的). Depending on the problem, responsibility for noise can lie with the Council, the Environment Protection Authority, one of three government departments or even the police. So complainants often feel they are getting the run-round. When the people at the forum were asked to vote for changes, the strongest response was for a 24-hour noise hotline to be the first port of call for all complaints.

        The forum also favored regulatory measures, such as tougher minimum standards for noise in appliances like air conditioners. This even makes economic sense, as noise is a waste of energy and money. Other measures the meeting supported were wider buffer (缓冲) zones around noisy activities and controls to keep heavy traffic away from residential areas.

        But there are obvious conflicts. Many people like to have a bar within walking distance if they feel like a drink, but they don’t want a noisy pub keeping them awake when they want an early night. Most people want to live near a major road providing good access to other parts of the city, but they don’t want the problem of road noise.

        I was most interested by the proposals aimed at behavioral change. There was strong support for measures to reduce traffic: better public transport, cycle ways and footpaths, even charges for road use. Many people optimistically thought industry awards for better equipment would stimulate the production of quieter appliances. It was even suggested that noise from building sites could be alleviated (减轻) if Brisbane adopted daylight saving (夏令时), thus shifting the working day and providing longer, quieter evenings.

It can be inferred from the text that ________.

Athe Brisbane residents were satisfied with the present noise regulatory system

BMany people in Brisbane preferred to live near a pub to which they have easy access

Cnearly all the inhabitants in Brisbane were bothered by noise in one form or another

Dnoise pollution is the most serious among pollution complaints in Brisbane

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                                C

        People want action on noise, a recent public meeting in Brisbane showed. Some want  technical improvements such as quieter air conditioners or better sound barriers around major roads. Others want tougher laws to restrict noise from building sites or to require owners to take responsibility for barking dogs. But the highest priority was a noise complaints system that works.

        Brisbane City Council receives more complaints about noise than all other problems put together. So it conducted a survey and found that about half its residents are upset by noise in one form or another --- traffic, mowers, pool pumps, air conditioners or loud parties. This inspired the Council to bring together more than 100 citizens one evening to talk through a range of options.

        The meeting found the present regulatory system bizarre (奇异的). Depending on the problem, responsibility for noise can lie with the Council, the Environment Protection Authority, one of three government departments or even the police. So complainants often feel they are getting the run-round. When the people at the forum were asked to vote for changes, the strongest response was for a 24-hour noise hotline to be the first port of call for all complaints.

        The forum also favored regulatory measures, such as tougher minimum standards for noise in appliances like air conditioners. This even makes economic sense, as noise is a waste of energy and money. Other measures the meeting supported were wider buffer (缓冲) zones around noisy activities and controls to keep heavy traffic away from residential areas.

        But there are obvious conflicts. Many people like to have a bar within walking distance if they feel like a drink, but they don’t want a noisy pub keeping them awake when they want an early night. Most people want to live near a major road providing good access to other parts of the city, but they don’t want the problem of road noise.

        I was most interested by the proposals aimed at behavioral change. There was strong support for measures to reduce traffic: better public transport, cycle ways and footpaths, even charges for road use. Many people optimistically thought industry awards for better equipment would stimulate the production of quieter appliances. It was even suggested that noise from building sites could be alleviated (减轻) if Brisbane adopted daylight saving (夏令时), thus shifting the working day and providing longer, quieter evenings.

What does the word “run-round” in Paragraph 3 mean?

AUnfair treatment.

BQuick response.

CDelaying action in response to a request.

DFull attention.

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                                C

        People want action on noise, a recent public meeting in Brisbane showed. Some want  technical improvements such as quieter air conditioners or better sound barriers around major roads. Others want tougher laws to restrict noise from building sites or to require owners to take responsibility for barking dogs. But the highest priority was a noise complaints system that works.

        Brisbane City Council receives more complaints about noise than all other problems put together. So it conducted a survey and found that about half its residents are upset by noise in one form or another --- traffic, mowers, pool pumps, air conditioners or loud parties. This inspired the Council to bring together more than 100 citizens one evening to talk through a range of options.

        The meeting found the present regulatory system bizarre (奇异的). Depending on the problem, responsibility for noise can lie with the Council, the Environment Protection Authority, one of three government departments or even the police. So complainants often feel they are getting the run-round. When the people at the forum were asked to vote for changes, the strongest response was for a 24-hour noise hotline to be the first port of call for all complaints.

        The forum also favored regulatory measures, such as tougher minimum standards for noise in appliances like air conditioners. This even makes economic sense, as noise is a waste of energy and money. Other measures the meeting supported were wider buffer (缓冲) zones around noisy activities and controls to keep heavy traffic away from residential areas.

        But there are obvious conflicts. Many people like to have a bar within walking distance if they feel like a drink, but they don’t want a noisy pub keeping them awake when they want an early night. Most people want to live near a major road providing good access to other parts of the city, but they don’t want the problem of road noise.

        I was most interested by the proposals aimed at behavioral change. There was strong support for measures to reduce traffic: better public transport, cycle ways and footpaths, even charges for road use. Many people optimistically thought industry awards for better equipment would stimulate the production of quieter appliances. It was even suggested that noise from building sites could be alleviated (减轻) if Brisbane adopted daylight saving (夏令时), thus shifting the working day and providing longer, quieter evenings.

How could noise from building sites be alleviated if Brisbane adopted daylight saving?

AIf daylight saving was adopted, the daytime would be prolonged and the night would become quieter.

BIf daylight saving was adopted, the working hours during the daytime would be shortened while the night would be extended and thus quieter.

CIf daylight saving was adopted, the night would be shortened and thus quieter.

DIf daylight saving was adopted, both the daytime and the night would be shortened and thus quieter.

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1

                                C

        People want action on noise, a recent public meeting in Brisbane showed. Some want  technical improvements such as quieter air conditioners or better sound barriers around major roads. Others want tougher laws to restrict noise from building sites or to require owners to take responsibility for barking dogs. But the highest priority was a noise complaints system that works.

        Brisbane City Council receives more complaints about noise than all other problems put together. So it conducted a survey and found that about half its residents are upset by noise in one form or another --- traffic, mowers, pool pumps, air conditioners or loud parties. This inspired the Council to bring together more than 100 citizens one evening to talk through a range of options.

        The meeting found the present regulatory system bizarre (奇异的). Depending on the problem, responsibility for noise can lie with the Council, the Environment Protection Authority, one of three government departments or even the police. So complainants often feel they are getting the run-round. When the people at the forum were asked to vote for changes, the strongest response was for a 24-hour noise hotline to be the first port of call for all complaints.

        The forum also favored regulatory measures, such as tougher minimum standards for noise in appliances like air conditioners. This even makes economic sense, as noise is a waste of energy and money. Other measures the meeting supported were wider buffer (缓冲) zones around noisy activities and controls to keep heavy traffic away from residential areas.

        But there are obvious conflicts. Many people like to have a bar within walking distance if they feel like a drink, but they don’t want a noisy pub keeping them awake when they want an early night. Most people want to live near a major road providing good access to other parts of the city, but they don’t want the problem of road noise.

        I was most interested by the proposals aimed at behavioral change. There was strong support for measures to reduce traffic: better public transport, cycle ways and footpaths, even charges for road use. Many people optimistically thought industry awards for better equipment would stimulate the production of quieter appliances. It was even suggested that noise from building sites could be alleviated (减轻) if Brisbane adopted daylight saving (夏令时), thus shifting the working day and providing longer, quieter evenings.

What was the author’s attitude towards the industry awards for quieter equipment?

ASuspicious.

BPositive.

CEnthusiastic.

DIndifferent.

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                                D

        There’s no doubt that our character has a profound effect on our future. What we must remember, however, is not merely how powerful character is in influencing our fate, but how powerful we are in shaping our own character and, therefore, our own fate. Character may determine our fate, but character is not determined by fate.

        It’s a common mistake to think of character as something that is fully formed and fixed very early in life. It calls to mind old proverbs like “A leopard can’t change its spots” and “You can’t teach an old dog new tricks.”

        This perspective that our character is “etched in stone” is supported by a great deal of modern psychology emphasizing self-acceptance. As Popeye says, “I am what I am.” The hidden message is: Don’t expect me to be more, better, or different.

        Ultimately, these views of humanity totally undervalue the lifelong potential for growth that comes with the power of reflection and choice.

        How depressing it would be to believe that we can’t choose to be better, more honest, more respectful, more responsible, and more caring. None of us should give up the personal seeking to improve our character. Not because we’re bad, we don’t have to be sick to get better, but because we’re not as good as we could be.

        There are so many things in life we can’t control, whether we’re beautiful or smart, whether we had good parents or bad, whether we grew up with affirmation or negation.  It’s inspiring to remember that nothing but moral will power is needed to make us better.

        No, it isn’t easy. But if we make a great effort to become more aware of the habits of heart and mind that drive our behavior, we can begin to place new emphasis on our higher values so that we become what we want our children to think we are.

What is the best title of the passage?

AWe shape our own character.

BCharacter determines our fate.

CCharacter is fully formed and fixed.

DWe must meet what our children need.

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1

                                D

        There’s no doubt that our character has a profound effect on our future. What we must remember, however, is not merely how powerful character is in influencing our fate, but how powerful we are in shaping our own character and, therefore, our own fate. Character may determine our fate, but character is not determined by fate.

        It’s a common mistake to think of character as something that is fully formed and fixed very early in life. It calls to mind old proverbs like “A leopard can’t change its spots” and “You can’t teach an old dog new tricks.”

        This perspective that our character is “etched in stone” is supported by a great deal of modern psychology emphasizing self-acceptance. As Popeye says, “I am what I am.” The hidden message is: Don’t expect me to be more, better, or different.

        Ultimately, these views of humanity totally undervalue the lifelong potential for growth that comes with the power of reflection and choice.

        How depressing it would be to believe that we can’t choose to be better, more honest, more respectful, more responsible, and more caring. None of us should give up the personal seeking to improve our character. Not because we’re bad, we don’t have to be sick to get better, but because we’re not as good as we could be.

        There are so many things in life we can’t control, whether we’re beautiful or smart, whether we had good parents or bad, whether we grew up with affirmation or negation.  It’s inspiring to remember that nothing but moral will power is needed to make us better.

        No, it isn’t easy. But if we make a great effort to become more aware of the habits of heart and mind that drive our behavior, we can begin to place new emphasis on our higher values so that we become what we want our children to think we are.

The author agrees that ________.

Aa leopard can't change its spots

Bin life we must attach importance to self-acceptance

Cwe shouldn’t expect us to be more different

Dcharacter is not fully formed and fixed very early

分值: 2.5分 查看题目解析 >
1

                                D

        There’s no doubt that our character has a profound effect on our future. What we must remember, however, is not merely how powerful character is in influencing our fate, but how powerful we are in shaping our own character and, therefore, our own fate. Character may determine our fate, but character is not determined by fate.

        It’s a common mistake to think of character as something that is fully formed and fixed very early in life. It calls to mind old proverbs like “A leopard can’t change its spots” and “You can’t teach an old dog new tricks.”

        This perspective that our character is “etched in stone” is supported by a great deal of modern psychology emphasizing self-acceptance. As Popeye says, “I am what I am.” The hidden message is: Don’t expect me to be more, better, or different.

        Ultimately, these views of humanity totally undervalue the lifelong potential for growth that comes with the power of reflection and choice.

        How depressing it would be to believe that we can’t choose to be better, more honest, more respectful, more responsible, and more caring. None of us should give up the personal seeking to improve our character. Not because we’re bad, we don’t have to be sick to get better, but because we’re not as good as we could be.

        There are so many things in life we can’t control, whether we’re beautiful or smart, whether we had good parents or bad, whether we grew up with affirmation or negation.  It’s inspiring to remember that nothing but moral will power is needed to make us better.

        No, it isn’t easy. But if we make a great effort to become more aware of the habits of heart and mind that drive our behavior, we can begin to place new emphasis on our higher values so that we become what we want our children to think we are.

In the author’s opinion, which of the following is TRUE?

AWe can’t choose to be better.

BWe should seek to improve our character for we’re bad enough.

CWe should value our lifelong potential for growth.

DWe should make choices constantly.

分值: 2.5分 查看题目解析 >
1

                                D

        There’s no doubt that our character has a profound effect on our future. What we must remember, however, is not merely how powerful character is in influencing our fate, but how powerful we are in shaping our own character and, therefore, our own fate. Character may determine our fate, but character is not determined by fate.

        It’s a common mistake to think of character as something that is fully formed and fixed very early in life. It calls to mind old proverbs like “A leopard can’t change its spots” and “You can’t teach an old dog new tricks.”

        This perspective that our character is “etched in stone” is supported by a great deal of modern psychology emphasizing self-acceptance. As Popeye says, “I am what I am.” The hidden message is: Don’t expect me to be more, better, or different.

        Ultimately, these views of humanity totally undervalue the lifelong potential for growth that comes with the power of reflection and choice.

        How depressing it would be to believe that we can’t choose to be better, more honest, more respectful, more responsible, and more caring. None of us should give up the personal seeking to improve our character. Not because we’re bad, we don’t have to be sick to get better, but because we’re not as good as we could be.

        There are so many things in life we can’t control, whether we’re beautiful or smart, whether we had good parents or bad, whether we grew up with affirmation or negation.  It’s inspiring to remember that nothing but moral will power is needed to make us better.

        No, it isn’t easy. But if we make a great effort to become more aware of the habits of heart and mind that drive our behavior, we can begin to place new emphasis on our higher values so that we become what we want our children to think we are.

What do we need to improve ourselves according to the author?

AOur smartness.

BOur will power.

COur fate.

DOur character.

分值: 2.5分 查看题目解析 >
1

                                D

        There’s no doubt that our character has a profound effect on our future. What we must remember, however, is not merely how powerful character is in influencing our fate, but how powerful we are in shaping our own character and, therefore, our own fate. Character may determine our fate, but character is not determined by fate.

        It’s a common mistake to think of character as something that is fully formed and fixed very early in life. It calls to mind old proverbs like “A leopard can’t change its spots” and “You can’t teach an old dog new tricks.”

        This perspective that our character is “etched in stone” is supported by a great deal of modern psychology emphasizing self-acceptance. As Popeye says, “I am what I am.” The hidden message is: Don’t expect me to be more, better, or different.

        Ultimately, these views of humanity totally undervalue the lifelong potential for growth that comes with the power of reflection and choice.

        How depressing it would be to believe that we can’t choose to be better, more honest, more respectful, more responsible, and more caring. None of us should give up the personal seeking to improve our character. Not because we’re bad, we don’t have to be sick to get better, but because we’re not as good as we could be.

        There are so many things in life we can’t control, whether we’re beautiful or smart, whether we had good parents or bad, whether we grew up with affirmation or negation.  It’s inspiring to remember that nothing but moral will power is needed to make us better.

        No, it isn’t easy. But if we make a great effort to become more aware of the habits of heart and mind that drive our behavior, we can begin to place new emphasis on our higher values so that we become what we want our children to think we are.

What can we infer from the passage?

AIt is not difficult to improve ourselves.

BWe must try our best to be as good as possible.

COur children should copy our behavior.

DWe should control as many things as possible in life.

分值: 2.5分 查看题目解析 >
填空题 本大题共3小题,每小题30分,共90分。把答案填写在题中横线上。
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第二节:完型填空(共20个小题,每小题1.5分,满分30分)

    阅读下面短文,掌握其大意,然后从16~35各题所给的A、B、C、D四个选项中,选出最佳选项。

        I went with some colleagues from my office for a dinner in a very popular local restaurant. It was 16 business time and the restaurant was packed. We 17 found a table in a corner for three of us.

        As soon as we sat down, we heard a crash when a cleaning boy hit the floor with all the plates he was carrying. There was 18 and no one was saying or doing anything.

        In a flash I remembered my 19 many years ago. Once, I 20 in the airport because I had rushed to the airport on my own on an empty stomach. I was picked up and taken care of by two 21 . This was my chance to 22 it forward.

        I ran to the young man’s side. He looked barely in his teens. I turned him on his back and screamed for someone to 23 a hot drink. Soon people started asking if I was a 24. I said I was not, but I was 25 at blacking out (晕厥).

        The kid soon opened his eyes and started saying that he didn’t know what had happened. I 26 him by saying it was OK and I had had a 27 experience. He had not eaten. I held the 28 drink to his mouth till he finished it and sat with him till he felt OK. By then the 29 had arrived. I asked her to let the kid lie down for a little while until he was steady on his feet, and to give him something to 30 . I offered to pay.

        The manager was kind enough to refuse the 31 and agreed to make sure the kid ate before he went home. By the time all this was 32 it was getting late for my colleagues. We hadn’t 33 anything yet, so they decided to go home.

        I slowly walked home, not hungry any more, and my heart was 34 for the opportunity to pay forward the 35 I had received many years ago.

16.

    A. peak               B. local  

    C. good              D.regular

17.

    A. actually          B.finally 

    C. eagerly          D. gradually

18.

    A. silence           B. danger  

    C.doubt             D. tension

19.

    A. adventure      B. flight  

    C.experience      D. lesson

20.

    A. showed up      B. walkedaround       

    C. dropped out   D. passed out

21.

    A. friends            B.strangers  

    C. colleagues      D. employees

22.

    A. take                B. return  

    C.pay                  D. put

23.

    A. order              B. leave  

    C.serve               D. bring

24.

    A. waiter             B. manager

    C.volunteer         D. doctor

25.

    A. quick               B. skillful   

    C.surprised          D. impressed

26.

    A. reminded         B. comforted   

    C.answered          D. encouraged

27.

    A. memorable      B. personal  

    C. similar              D.common

28.

    A. cool                 B. refreshing  

    C. sweet               D.warm

29.

    A. mother            B. manager 

    C. waitress           D. ambulance

30.

    A. drink                B. eat   

    C.play                   D. hold

31.

    A. payment           B. reward      

    C. suggestion       D.support

32.

    A. up                     B. away 

    C. over                  D.behind

33.

    A. prepared           B. demanded   

    C.received             D. ordered

34.

    A. ready                 B. anxious  

    C.grateful              D. comfortable

35. 

    A. kindness            B.love   

    C. direction            D. service

分值: 30分 查看题目解析 >
1

第一节:阅读表达(共5个小题,每小题2分,满分10分)

    阅读短文,并按照题目要求用英语回答问题。

        When I was growing up, I was embarrassed to be seen with my father. He was severely lame and very short, and when we would walk together, his hand on my arm for balance, people would stare. I would feel ashamed at the unwanted attention. If he was ever noticed or was bothered, he never let on, nor did he say anything about it.

        It was difficult to coordinate (协调) our steps—his pausing, my impatience—and because of that, we didn’t say much as we went along. But as we started out, he always said,“You set the pace, I will try to adjust to you.”

=Our usual walk was to or from the subway, which was how he got to work. He went to work sick, and despite bad weather. He almost never missed a day, and would make it to the office even if others could not. A matter of pride.

        When snow or ice was on the ground, it was impossible for him to walk, even with help. At such times my sisters or I would pull him through the streets of Brooklyn, NY, on a child’s sleigh to the subway entrance. Once there, he would grasp the handrail until he reached the lower steps that the warmer tunnel air kept ice-free. In Manhattan the subway station was the basement of his office building, and he would not have to go outside until we met him in Brooklyn on his way home.

        When I think of it now, I wondered at how much courage it must have taken for a grown man to subject himself to such indignity and stress. And at how he did it — without bitterness or complaint.

        He never talked about himself as an object of pity, nor did he show any envy of the more fortunate or able. What he looked for in others was a “good heart”, and if he found one, the owner was good enough for him.

        Now that I am older, I believe that is a proper standard by which to judge people, even though I still don’t know precisely what a “good heart” is. But I know the times I don’t have one myself.

        My father has been gone many years now, but I think of him often. I wonder if he sensed my unwillingness to be seen with him during our walks. If he did, I am sorry I never told him how sorry I was, how unworthy I was, how I regretted it. I think of him when I complain about incident, when I am envious of another’s good fortune, when I don’t have a “good heart”.

        At such times I put my hand on his arm to regain my balance, and say, “You set the pace, I will try to adjust to you.”

    56.What wouldn’t the author like others to see? (No more than 10 words)

    ___________________________________

    57.What’s the meaning of the underlined phrase “let on” in the first paragraph?(No more than 5 words)

    ___________________________________

    58.According to the third paragraph, what conclusion can you get about thefather’s attitude toward his work? (No more than 8 words)

    ____________________________________

    59. Findan example in the passage that shows the father was a man with a “good heart”.(No more than10 words)

    _____________________________________

    60.What does the author learn from his father? (No more than 15 words)

    _____________________________________

分值: 10分 查看题目解析 >
1

第二节:书面表达(满分25分)

    假设你是李津。最近你所在的城市将9月28日即孔子(Confucius)诞辰之日定为“汉字书写日”。请你根据以下要点给你的美国笔友John写一封信,向他介绍此事。

    1设立原因1:人们提笔忘字,写汉字机会减少;

    2设立原因2:汉字具有悠久的历史,书法是一项传统艺术,都应被传承和保护;

    3该日主要活动:书法(calligraphy)竞赛及优秀作品展览等。

注意:

    1词数不少于100;

    2开头和结尾已经写出,不计入总词数;

    3可以适当增加细节,以使行文连贯。

Dear John,

        I’m writing to tell you something about Chinese Character Writing Day in our city. __

___________________________________________________________

        You are welcome to visit us at any time.

                                                    Yours,

                                                    Li Jin

分值: 25分 查看题目解析 >
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