• 英语 2018年高三西藏自治区第二次模拟试题
单选题 本大题共15小题,每小题2分,共30分。在每小题给出的4个选项中,有且只有一项是符合题目要求。
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第一节 (共15小题;每小题2分,满分30分)

    阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C和D)中,选出最佳选项。

                                A

              Restaurants in the USA

Steve’s Pizza

    So many pizza chains compete for the attention of tourists in South Beach, but ask a Miami Beach local where to get the best pizza and he will tell you about Steve’s. This is New York-style pizza, hand-made with care and good ingredients. New branches of Steven’s are opening elsewhere in Miami, all in non-tourist area.

    Opening hours: 11:00 a.m.— 3:00 a.m.

Cattleman’s Steakhouse

    This place is 20 miles east of the city, but local folks would probably drive 200 miles to eat here. The food is good, and the scenery is even better. Come early and wander around the grounds of Indian Cliffs Ranch, where you will see everything from rabbits to buffalo, then catch the sunset either before or after =your meal.

    Opening hours: 5:00 p.m.—10:00 p.m.

Absolute Baking & Café

    The screen door is always swinging open at this town hot spot with giant breakfast. Try the green chili on eggs—it’s made from scratch, as are the organic bread. Lunch includes salads, big sandwiches and local grass-fed beef burgers. Don’t miss a square of soft, fresh carrot cake.

    Opening hours: 7:00 a.m.— 2:00 p.m.

Walt’s Wharf

    Everybody’s favorite for fresh fish (some drive in from L.A), Walt’s packs them in on weekends. You can’t make reservations for dinner (though they are accepted for lunch), but it’s worth the wait for the fire-grilled seafood and steaks.

    Opening hour: 11:00 a.m.—3:30 p.m.

The new branches of Steve’s Pizza are mainly intended for___________.

Athe locals

Btourists

CNew Yorkers

Dforeigners

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                                A

              Restaurants in the USA

Steve’s Pizza

    So many pizza chains compete for the attention of tourists in South Beach, but ask a Miami Beach local where to get the best pizza and he will tell you about Steve’s. This is New York-style pizza, hand-made with care and good ingredients. New branches of Steven’s are opening elsewhere in Miami, all in non-tourist area.

    Opening hours: 11:00 a.m.— 3:00 a.m.

Cattleman’s Steakhouse

    This place is 20 miles east of the city, but local folks would probably drive 200 miles to eat here. The food is good, and the scenery is even better. Come early and wander around the grounds of Indian Cliffs Ranch, where you will see everything from rabbits to buffalo, then catch the sunset either before or after =your meal.

    Opening hours: 5:00 p.m.—10:00 p.m.

Absolute Baking & Café

    The screen door is always swinging open at this town hot spot with giant breakfast. Try the green chili on eggs—it’s made from scratch, as are the organic bread. Lunch includes salads, big sandwiches and local grass-fed beef burgers. Don’t miss a square of soft, fresh carrot cake.

    Opening hours: 7:00 a.m.— 2:00 p.m.

Walt’s Wharf

    Everybody’s favorite for fresh fish (some drive in from L.A), Walt’s packs them in on weekends. You can’t make reservations for dinner (though they are accepted for lunch), but it’s worth the wait for the fire-grilled seafood and steaks.

    Opening hour: 11:00 a.m.—3:30 p.m.

What can Cattleman’s steakhouse offer besides good food?

Awine

Bview

Cdiscount

Dservice

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                                A

              Restaurants in the USA

Steve’s Pizza

    So many pizza chains compete for the attention of tourists in South Beach, but ask a Miami Beach local where to get the best pizza and he will tell you about Steve’s. This is New York-style pizza, hand-made with care and good ingredients. New branches of Steven’s are opening elsewhere in Miami, all in non-tourist area.

    Opening hours: 11:00 a.m.— 3:00 a.m.

Cattleman’s Steakhouse

    This place is 20 miles east of the city, but local folks would probably drive 200 miles to eat here. The food is good, and the scenery is even better. Come early and wander around the grounds of Indian Cliffs Ranch, where you will see everything from rabbits to buffalo, then catch the sunset either before or after =your meal.

    Opening hours: 5:00 p.m.—10:00 p.m.

Absolute Baking & Café

    The screen door is always swinging open at this town hot spot with giant breakfast. Try the green chili on eggs—it’s made from scratch, as are the organic bread. Lunch includes salads, big sandwiches and local grass-fed beef burgers. Don’t miss a square of soft, fresh carrot cake.

    Opening hours: 7:00 a.m.— 2:00 p.m.

Walt’s Wharf

    Everybody’s favorite for fresh fish (some drive in from L.A), Walt’s packs them in on weekends. You can’t make reservations for dinner (though they are accepted for lunch), but it’s worth the wait for the fire-grilled seafood and steaks.

    Opening hour: 11:00 a.m.—3:30 p.m.

Which restaurant serves both breakfast and lunch?

ASteve’s Pizza

BWalt’s Wharf

CAbsolute Baking& Café

DCattleman’s Steakhouse

分值: 2分 查看题目解析 >
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                                B

    My oldest child, Emma, just returned to campus after a long holiday break to finish up her last period of college. These days, friends and family have begun flooding me with one question: What is she going to do after graduation?

    The job market is, after all, awfully tough. Just this month the Federal Reserve Bank published a study showing that “recent graduates are increasingly working in low-paid jobs or working part-time.” The bright spot, according to the study, is for students who majored (主修) in STEM-science, technology, engineering and mathematics-areas in which recent graduates “have tended to do relatively well”. But Emma is a student of the humanities (人文) at a small college. She’s an American Studies major with a focus on the politics and culture of food. For quite a while, I think her field of study is so fashionable right now that I’m not the least bit worried she will find a good job. Yet the more I’ve thought about it, the more I’ve decided to be honest. “I’m not sure what Emma is going to do,” I now say. “But she’s gotten a great education and has really found her interest and I know those things will serve her well over the course of her life.”

    Nowadays, more and more universities and colleges are being measured by the salaries of their recent graduates. In this climate, encouraging your kid to study the humanities, seems, at best, unwise or, at worst, unconcerned with earning a living. But a college is not a vocational (职业) school. And promoting STEM subjects should not be society’s only answer to helping the next generation grow in a competitive world. From the beginning, we never urged Emma to pick a college or a major with an eye on its expected return on money, as more and more families are doing. To Emma, what really matters will be something that we may not be able to measure for quite a long time. Emma’s contribution to the world and how happy she is in it.

The author’s friends and family ______.

Aare worried about the job market

Bare concerned about Emma’s future

Chave been worrying about the flood

Dare worried about Emma’s safety

分值: 2分 查看题目解析 >
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                                B

    My oldest child, Emma, just returned to campus after a long holiday break to finish up her last period of college. These days, friends and family have begun flooding me with one question: What is she going to do after graduation?

    The job market is, after all, awfully tough. Just this month the Federal Reserve Bank published a study showing that “recent graduates are increasingly working in low-paid jobs or working part-time.” The bright spot, according to the study, is for students who majored (主修) in STEM-science, technology, engineering and mathematics-areas in which recent graduates “have tended to do relatively well”. But Emma is a student of the humanities (人文) at a small college. She’s an American Studies major with a focus on the politics and culture of food. For quite a while, I think her field of study is so fashionable right now that I’m not the least bit worried she will find a good job. Yet the more I’ve thought about it, the more I’ve decided to be honest. “I’m not sure what Emma is going to do,” I now say. “But she’s gotten a great education and has really found her interest and I know those things will serve her well over the course of her life.”

    Nowadays, more and more universities and colleges are being measured by the salaries of their recent graduates. In this climate, encouraging your kid to study the humanities, seems, at best, unwise or, at worst, unconcerned with earning a living. But a college is not a vocational (职业) school. And promoting STEM subjects should not be society’s only answer to helping the next generation grow in a competitive world. From the beginning, we never urged Emma to pick a college or a major with an eye on its expected return on money, as more and more families are doing. To Emma, what really matters will be something that we may not be able to measure for quite a long time. Emma’s contribution to the world and how happy she is in it.

What can we learn from Paragraph 2?

AThe number of the graduates is increasing.

BSTEM graduates can be better employees.

CSTEM graduates are in relatively greater demand.

DMore and more graduates like to do a part-time job.

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                                B

    My oldest child, Emma, just returned to campus after a long holiday break to finish up her last period of college. These days, friends and family have begun flooding me with one question: What is she going to do after graduation?

    The job market is, after all, awfully tough. Just this month the Federal Reserve Bank published a study showing that “recent graduates are increasingly working in low-paid jobs or working part-time.” The bright spot, according to the study, is for students who majored (主修) in STEM-science, technology, engineering and mathematics-areas in which recent graduates “have tended to do relatively well”. But Emma is a student of the humanities (人文) at a small college. She’s an American Studies major with a focus on the politics and culture of food. For quite a while, I think her field of study is so fashionable right now that I’m not the least bit worried she will find a good job. Yet the more I’ve thought about it, the more I’ve decided to be honest. “I’m not sure what Emma is going to do,” I now say. “But she’s gotten a great education and has really found her interest and I know those things will serve her well over the course of her life.”

    Nowadays, more and more universities and colleges are being measured by the salaries of their recent graduates. In this climate, encouraging your kid to study the humanities, seems, at best, unwise or, at worst, unconcerned with earning a living. But a college is not a vocational (职业) school. And promoting STEM subjects should not be society’s only answer to helping the next generation grow in a competitive world. From the beginning, we never urged Emma to pick a college or a major with an eye on its expected return on money, as more and more families are doing. To Emma, what really matters will be something that we may not be able to measure for quite a long time. Emma’s contribution to the world and how happy she is in it.

Why did Emma choose a major in the humanities?

ABecause she is interested in it.

BBecause her mother told her to.

CBecause it is increasingly popular.

DBecause she wants further education.

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                                B

    My oldest child, Emma, just returned to campus after a long holiday break to finish up her last period of college. These days, friends and family have begun flooding me with one question: What is she going to do after graduation?

    The job market is, after all, awfully tough. Just this month the Federal Reserve Bank published a study showing that “recent graduates are increasingly working in low-paid jobs or working part-time.” The bright spot, according to the study, is for students who majored (主修) in STEM-science, technology, engineering and mathematics-areas in which recent graduates “have tended to do relatively well”. But Emma is a student of the humanities (人文) at a small college. She’s an American Studies major with a focus on the politics and culture of food. For quite a while, I think her field of study is so fashionable right now that I’m not the least bit worried she will find a good job. Yet the more I’ve thought about it, the more I’ve decided to be honest. “I’m not sure what Emma is going to do,” I now say. “But she’s gotten a great education and has really found her interest and I know those things will serve her well over the course of her life.”

    Nowadays, more and more universities and colleges are being measured by the salaries of their recent graduates. In this climate, encouraging your kid to study the humanities, seems, at best, unwise or, at worst, unconcerned with earning a living. But a college is not a vocational (职业) school. And promoting STEM subjects should not be society’s only answer to helping the next generation grow in a competitive world. From the beginning, we never urged Emma to pick a college or a major with an eye on its expected return on money, as more and more families are doing. To Emma, what really matters will be something that we may not be able to measure for quite a long time. Emma’s contribution to the world and how happy she is in it.

According to the author, what matters most in choosing a major is that ______.

Ait should be among the STEM

Bit should be fashionable and interesting

Cit should allow a good job and a high salary

Dit should bring achievements and happiness

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                                C

    Well, parents, surprise! Lots of us are using Twitter and Facebook to thumb rides, and not just to school. It’s awkward to be refused when you call a friend and ask for a ride. But with Twitter, you just look for other people heading the same way.=It may sound risky, so many teens stay within their own social circles to find rides, and don’t branch out beyond friends when asking on Twitter just like me, but to some young people, especially those taking longer trips, stranger danger is less of a concern.

    “I think the digital connection of young people is really important, because younger generations grew up sharing things on line, sharing files, photos, music, etc, so they’ve been very used to sharing,” said Juliet Schor, a sociology professor at Boston College.

    The sharing economy got big during the recession (经济衰退), allowing people to access more goods, services using technology and even to share costs. And that technology, for me, is what the car was for my mom, a gateway to more freedom, like what my friend Earl says, “The symbol of freedom isn’t the car any more because there’s technology out there connecting you to a car.”

    According to the researchers at the University of Michigan, 30 years ago, eight in ten American 18-year-olds had a driver’s license compared to six in ten today. So it’s not that surprising that on my 16th birthday I wasn’t rushing to get a license but an iPhone.

    “Driving, for young people, does mean they have to disconnect from their technology, and that’s a negative. So if they could sit in the passage side and still be connected, that’s going to be a plus.” Schor continued.

    To me, another plus is that ridesharing represents something, something much bigger than trying to save money. I see it as evidence that people still depend on each other. My generation shares their cars and apartments the way neighbors used to share cups of sugar. For the system to work, some of us still need our own cars. But until I get my own version of the silver Super Beetle, you can find me on Twitter.

The American teens prefer to possess an iPhone as a birthday gift because ______.

Ait is most fashionable and cool

Bit is much cheaper than a car

Cthey are fond of being connected

Dthey are bored with driving cars

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                                C

    Well, parents, surprise! Lots of us are using Twitter and Facebook to thumb rides, and not just to school. It’s awkward to be refused when you call a friend and ask for a ride. But with Twitter, you just look for other people heading the same way.=It may sound risky, so many teens stay within their own social circles to find rides, and don’t branch out beyond friends when asking on Twitter just like me, but to some young people, especially those taking longer trips, stranger danger is less of a concern.

    “I think the digital connection of young people is really important, because younger generations grew up sharing things on line, sharing files, photos, music, etc, so they’ve been very used to sharing,” said Juliet Schor, a sociology professor at Boston College.

    The sharing economy got big during the recession (经济衰退), allowing people to access more goods, services using technology and even to share costs. And that technology, for me, is what the car was for my mom, a gateway to more freedom, like what my friend Earl says, “The symbol of freedom isn’t the car any more because there’s technology out there connecting you to a car.”

    According to the researchers at the University of Michigan, 30 years ago, eight in ten American 18-year-olds had a driver’s license compared to six in ten today. So it’s not that surprising that on my 16th birthday I wasn’t rushing to get a license but an iPhone.

    “Driving, for young people, does mean they have to disconnect from their technology, and that’s a negative. So if they could sit in the passage side and still be connected, that’s going to be a plus.” Schor continued.

    To me, another plus is that ridesharing represents something, something much bigger than trying to save money. I see it as evidence that people still depend on each other. My generation shares their cars and apartments the way neighbors used to share cups of sugar. For the system to work, some of us still need our own cars. But until I get my own version of the silver Super Beetle, you can find me on Twitter.

We can learn from the text that ______.

ATwitter is a website for teens to make friends and achieve goals

Bdriving cars for teens means a plus and connecting with technology

Cridesharing can be seen as a sign that people still count on each other

Dhaving a car and cost-sharing symbolize more freedom for the author’s mother

分值: 2分 查看题目解析 >
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                                C

    Well, parents, surprise! Lots of us are using Twitter and Facebook to thumb rides, and not just to school. It’s awkward to be refused when you call a friend and ask for a ride. But with Twitter, you just look for other people heading the same way.=It may sound risky, so many teens stay within their own social circles to find rides, and don’t branch out beyond friends when asking on Twitter just like me, but to some young people, especially those taking longer trips, stranger danger is less of a concern.

    “I think the digital connection of young people is really important, because younger generations grew up sharing things on line, sharing files, photos, music, etc, so they’ve been very used to sharing,” said Juliet Schor, a sociology professor at Boston College.

    The sharing economy got big during the recession (经济衰退), allowing people to access more goods, services using technology and even to share costs. And that technology, for me, is what the car was for my mom, a gateway to more freedom, like what my friend Earl says, “The symbol of freedom isn’t the car any more because there’s technology out there connecting you to a car.”

    According to the researchers at the University of Michigan, 30 years ago, eight in ten American 18-year-olds had a driver’s license compared to six in ten today. So it’s not that surprising that on my 16th birthday I wasn’t rushing to get a license but an iPhone.

    “Driving, for young people, does mean they have to disconnect from their technology, and that’s a negative. So if they could sit in the passage side and still be connected, that’s going to be a plus.” Schor continued.

    To me, another plus is that ridesharing represents something, something much bigger than trying to save money. I see it as evidence that people still depend on each other. My generation shares their cars and apartments the way neighbors used to share cups of sugar. For the system to work, some of us still need our own cars. But until I get my own version of the silver Super Beetle, you can find me on Twitter.

Professor Juliet would agree that ______.

Asharing economy is bound to be responsible for the recession

Bbeing connected through technology comes first for young people

Cyoung people will sit waiting to be contacted by reading a passage

Dyoung people tend to share a car with strangers by means of Twitter

分值: 2分 查看题目解析 >
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                                C

    Well, parents, surprise! Lots of us are using Twitter and Facebook to thumb rides, and not just to school. It’s awkward to be refused when you call a friend and ask for a ride. But with Twitter, you just look for other people heading the same way.=It may sound risky, so many teens stay within their own social circles to find rides, and don’t branch out beyond friends when asking on Twitter just like me, but to some young people, especially those taking longer trips, stranger danger is less of a concern.

    “I think the digital connection of young people is really important, because younger generations grew up sharing things on line, sharing files, photos, music, etc, so they’ve been very used to sharing,” said Juliet Schor, a sociology professor at Boston College.

    The sharing economy got big during the recession (经济衰退), allowing people to access more goods, services using technology and even to share costs. And that technology, for me, is what the car was for my mom, a gateway to more freedom, like what my friend Earl says, “The symbol of freedom isn’t the car any more because there’s technology out there connecting you to a car.”

    According to the researchers at the University of Michigan, 30 years ago, eight in ten American 18-year-olds had a driver’s license compared to six in ten today. So it’s not that surprising that on my 16th birthday I wasn’t rushing to get a license but an iPhone.

    “Driving, for young people, does mean they have to disconnect from their technology, and that’s a negative. So if they could sit in the passage side and still be connected, that’s going to be a plus.” Schor continued.

    To me, another plus is that ridesharing represents something, something much bigger than trying to save money. I see it as evidence that people still depend on each other. My generation shares their cars and apartments the way neighbors used to share cups of sugar. For the system to work, some of us still need our own cars. But until I get my own version of the silver Super Beetle, you can find me on Twitter.

The best title for the passage is probably ______.

ACool Teens on the Go

BCars or iPhone

CTwitter, an Awesome Website

DTeens Use Twitter to Thumb Rides

分值: 2分 查看题目解析 >
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                                D

    Next time you find yourself drenched (湿透) in an unexpected heavy rain, look on the bright side-it will be a memorable experience. While wet weather may make us feel gloomy, it sharpens the memory and improves our recall. But those who fell in a good mood because it’s a sunny day are able to remember less well, according to memory tests carried by Australian researchers.

    Professor Joe Forgas, who led the research, said: “It seems strange but a little bit of sadness is a good thing. People performed much better on our memory test when the weather was unpleasant and they were in a slightly negative mood. On bright sunny days, when they were more likely to be happy, they flunked it.”

    The tests were carried out on shoppers at a store in Sydney, where researchers randomly placed ten small objects on the check-out counter. On rainy days, sad music was played in the store. When it was bright and sunny, customers heard cheery music. This was done to further influence them towards negative or positive moods. After shopping, customers were asked how many of the objects they could remember. Their scores were three times higher when the weather was bad and they were feeling angry, compared with those tested on sunny days. The results were published in Journal of Experimental Psychology. A report on the findings said: “They point to a growing body of evidence that the way people think, the quality of their judgments and the accuracy of their memory are all significantly influenced by positive and negative moods.”

    Professor Forgas said, “We found that weather-inducted negative mood improved memory accuracy. Shoppers in a negative mood showed better memory and higher discrimination ability.”

    A worse mood helped to focus people’s attention on their surroundings and led to a more thorough and careful thinking style, while happiness increased confidence and forgetfulness.

    Being happy tends to promote a thinking style that is less focused on our surroundings. In a positive mood we are less likely to make more snap (匆忙的) judgments about people we meet. Mild negative mood, in turn, tends to increase attention to our surroundings and produce a more careful, thorough thinking style.

    Accurately remembering everyday scenes is a difficult task, yet such memories can be of importance in everyday life. Surprisingly, the influence of mood states on the accuracy of real-life memories is still poorly understood.

The underlined word “flunked” in Paragraph 2 may mean “       ”.

Afailed

Bpassed

Cconducted

Dunderstood

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                                D

    Next time you find yourself drenched (湿透) in an unexpected heavy rain, look on the bright side-it will be a memorable experience. While wet weather may make us feel gloomy, it sharpens the memory and improves our recall. But those who fell in a good mood because it’s a sunny day are able to remember less well, according to memory tests carried by Australian researchers.

    Professor Joe Forgas, who led the research, said: “It seems strange but a little bit of sadness is a good thing. People performed much better on our memory test when the weather was unpleasant and they were in a slightly negative mood. On bright sunny days, when they were more likely to be happy, they flunked it.”

    The tests were carried out on shoppers at a store in Sydney, where researchers randomly placed ten small objects on the check-out counter. On rainy days, sad music was played in the store. When it was bright and sunny, customers heard cheery music. This was done to further influence them towards negative or positive moods. After shopping, customers were asked how many of the objects they could remember. Their scores were three times higher when the weather was bad and they were feeling angry, compared with those tested on sunny days. The results were published in Journal of Experimental Psychology. A report on the findings said: “They point to a growing body of evidence that the way people think, the quality of their judgments and the accuracy of their memory are all significantly influenced by positive and negative moods.”

    Professor Forgas said, “We found that weather-inducted negative mood improved memory accuracy. Shoppers in a negative mood showed better memory and higher discrimination ability.”

    A worse mood helped to focus people’s attention on their surroundings and led to a more thorough and careful thinking style, while happiness increased confidence and forgetfulness.

    Being happy tends to promote a thinking style that is less focused on our surroundings. In a positive mood we are less likely to make more snap (匆忙的) judgments about people we meet. Mild negative mood, in turn, tends to increase attention to our surroundings and produce a more careful, thorough thinking style.

    Accurately remembering everyday scenes is a difficult task, yet such memories can be of importance in everyday life. Surprisingly, the influence of mood states on the accuracy of real-life memories is still poorly understood.

In the research, researchers play different music to       .

Apromote customers to buy more goods

Bget customers to make a quick choice

Chelp customers to choose what they want

Dmake customers become sadder or happier

分值: 2分 查看题目解析 >
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                                D

    Next time you find yourself drenched (湿透) in an unexpected heavy rain, look on the bright side-it will be a memorable experience. While wet weather may make us feel gloomy, it sharpens the memory and improves our recall. But those who fell in a good mood because it’s a sunny day are able to remember less well, according to memory tests carried by Australian researchers.

    Professor Joe Forgas, who led the research, said: “It seems strange but a little bit of sadness is a good thing. People performed much better on our memory test when the weather was unpleasant and they were in a slightly negative mood. On bright sunny days, when they were more likely to be happy, they flunked it.”

    The tests were carried out on shoppers at a store in Sydney, where researchers randomly placed ten small objects on the check-out counter. On rainy days, sad music was played in the store. When it was bright and sunny, customers heard cheery music. This was done to further influence them towards negative or positive moods. After shopping, customers were asked how many of the objects they could remember. Their scores were three times higher when the weather was bad and they were feeling angry, compared with those tested on sunny days. The results were published in Journal of Experimental Psychology. A report on the findings said: “They point to a growing body of evidence that the way people think, the quality of their judgments and the accuracy of their memory are all significantly influenced by positive and negative moods.”

    Professor Forgas said, “We found that weather-inducted negative mood improved memory accuracy. Shoppers in a negative mood showed better memory and higher discrimination ability.”

    A worse mood helped to focus people’s attention on their surroundings and led to a more thorough and careful thinking style, while happiness increased confidence and forgetfulness.

    Being happy tends to promote a thinking style that is less focused on our surroundings. In a positive mood we are less likely to make more snap (匆忙的) judgments about people we meet. Mild negative mood, in turn, tends to increase attention to our surroundings and produce a more careful, thorough thinking style.

    Accurately remembering everyday scenes is a difficult task, yet such memories can be of importance in everyday life. Surprisingly, the influence of mood states on the accuracy of real-life memories is still poorly understood.

According to Joe Forgas, on sunny days, people       .

Awill have a better recall

Bwill have more confidence

Cwill make careful judgments on others

Dtend to pay more attention to their surroundings

分值: 2分 查看题目解析 >
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                                D

    Next time you find yourself drenched (湿透) in an unexpected heavy rain, look on the bright side-it will be a memorable experience. While wet weather may make us feel gloomy, it sharpens the memory and improves our recall. But those who fell in a good mood because it’s a sunny day are able to remember less well, according to memory tests carried by Australian researchers.

    Professor Joe Forgas, who led the research, said: “It seems strange but a little bit of sadness is a good thing. People performed much better on our memory test when the weather was unpleasant and they were in a slightly negative mood. On bright sunny days, when they were more likely to be happy, they flunked it.”

    The tests were carried out on shoppers at a store in Sydney, where researchers randomly placed ten small objects on the check-out counter. On rainy days, sad music was played in the store. When it was bright and sunny, customers heard cheery music. This was done to further influence them towards negative or positive moods. After shopping, customers were asked how many of the objects they could remember. Their scores were three times higher when the weather was bad and they were feeling angry, compared with those tested on sunny days. The results were published in Journal of Experimental Psychology. A report on the findings said: “They point to a growing body of evidence that the way people think, the quality of their judgments and the accuracy of their memory are all significantly influenced by positive and negative moods.”

    Professor Forgas said, “We found that weather-inducted negative mood improved memory accuracy. Shoppers in a negative mood showed better memory and higher discrimination ability.”

    A worse mood helped to focus people’s attention on their surroundings and led to a more thorough and careful thinking style, while happiness increased confidence and forgetfulness.

    Being happy tends to promote a thinking style that is less focused on our surroundings. In a positive mood we are less likely to make more snap (匆忙的) judgments about people we meet. Mild negative mood, in turn, tends to increase attention to our surroundings and produce a more careful, thorough thinking style.

    Accurately remembering everyday scenes is a difficult task, yet such memories can be of importance in everyday life. Surprisingly, the influence of mood states on the accuracy of real-life memories is still poorly understood.

What can we know from the research?

AForgetfulness is rather troublesome.

BIt’s important to feel in a good mood.

CIt’s memorable to experience a rainy day.

DGloomy days are good for memorizing things.

分值: 2分 查看题目解析 >
填空题 本大题共5小题,每小题10分,共50分。把答案填写在题中横线上。
1

第二节 (共5小题;每小题2分,满分10分)

    根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余选项。

             How to Make a Chinese Hot Pot

    Eating a Chinese hot pot is a very common experience. People gather around the pot, dipping their food, waiting for it to cook, mixing their own seasonings(调味品)and enjoying each other’s company.

      36  .

    Firstly, prepare a large pot of soup. There is no right or wrong way to prepare a soup, so feel free to make your own. A simple soup can be made by boiling water with the addition of meat bones or fish heads and a mixture of herbs, seasonings and vegetables.

    Then, cut a variety of meats and fish into thin slices.  37  . Choose any food that you enjoy. Some common choices for Chinese hot pot include thin pieces of beef, pork, lamb and so on. You can make your hot pot using the more traditional method of using the meats and seafood that are local to you. Meanwhile, select, wash and prepare some vegetables.  38   . Mushrooms of all kinds are also common to Chinese hot pot preparations.

      39  . At home, a single hot pot would work well up to 4-8 people depending on the size of the pot. Make sure everyone is sitting in a circle and has easy access to everything on the table. Prepare a separate small dish for each guest to mix their seasonings.  40  !

     A.Finally, arrange the seating reasonably

     B. Now comes the turn to enjoy your hot pot

     C. It will guarantee the items will cookquickly and fully

     D. Here are some easy steps to make aChinese hot pot at home

     E. For more variety, consider dumplings,rice cakes and tangyuan

     F. Popular choices include: cabbage, pealeaves, winter melon and tomato

     G. It usually lasts a few hours becauseyou are cooking and eating in small parts

分值: 10分 查看题目解析 >
1

第一节  完形填空(共20小题,每小题1.5分,满分30分)

    阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的四个选项(A、B、C和D)中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。

    That was my first ballet performance and I was the lead role. A huge black curtain  41 me from the crowd. My heart raced so rapidly that it would  42  out of my chest. A rush of  43   shot through my body when the music began and I took my  44   at the center of the stage. I pushed off the floor as hard as I could and  45   into the air. Then I started to come  46   for my landing, preparing to jump again, and yet my foot  47   . I fell, face-first. For a moment I couldn’t  48   , wondering if I should go on.  49   , trained for thousands of hours for twelve years, my muscles ignored the  50   of my mind and I  51  myself back on my feet. I finished the part and left the stage. Bending over a table, I tried to  52   tears. I didn’t want to go back to finish the last twenty minutes. I didn’t  53   the lead role.

    Then came my teacher. “The  54   thing on stage is to fall. You’ve gotten it, so what’s left to  55  ? Just go and give it all.”Her words  56   me. Minutes later, I went back onstage and completely let go of  57  .  I just danced, letting the music guide me through the movement.

    Now, as a Principal Dancer, I often think about that performance. We fall when we try our hardest. There is no  58   , only pride. Falling is  59   and sometimes it is easier just to stay on the  60   . But if we never get up, we never experience what it is like to fly.

41.

    A.covered

    B.hid

    C. protected

    D. drove

42.

    A.beat

    B. drop 

    C. run

    D. shout

43.

    A.amazement

    B. excitement

    C.joy

    D. contentment

44.

    A.time

    B. turn

    C. place

    D. order

45.

    A.flew

    B. spun

    C. rose

    D. looked

46.

    A.out

    B. in

    C. own

    D. off

47.

    A.slipped

    B. stopped    

    C. stepped

    D. advanced

48.

    A.think

    B.cry    

    C. move

    D. believe

49.

    A. Therefore    

    B. However

    C. Otherwise

    D. Instead

50.

    A.loss

    B. pain

    C. relief

    D. hesitation

51.

    A.found 

    B. dragged

    C. accustomed

    D. allowed

52.

    A.dry up

    B. wipe out

    C. burst into

    D. fight back

53.

    A.play

    B. deserve 

    C. get    

    D. finish

54.

    A.unexpected

    B. awkward

    C. common

    D. worst

55.

    A.go

    B. do

    C. lose

    D. say

56.

    A.awoke

    B. enriched

    C. excited

    D. surprised

57.

    A.the music

    B. myself

    C. the teacher

    D. others

58.

    A.excuse

    B. fear

    C. benefit

    D. shame

59.

    A.shocking

    B. interesting

    C. rare

    D. terrible

60.

    A.spot

    B. road

    C. ground

    D. stage

分值: 30分 查看题目解析 >
1

第二节  语法填空(共10小题,每小题1.5分,满分15分)

    阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当的内容(不多于3个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式。

    “Fire! Fire!”What terrible words to hear when one wakes up. I jumped out of bed, opened the door and  61  step) outside the room. It was full of thick smoke.

    I began to run, but as I was still only half-awake, I did not go towards the stairs.  62  ,   I went in a wrong direction. The smoke grew much  63  (thick) and I could see  64   (burn) wood all around me. I found an open door and ran into a room to get to the window. But  65  I could reach it, one of my  66  (foot) was caught in something soft and I fell down. The thing that made me fall like a bundle(包)of clothes, and I picked it up  67  (protect) my face from the smoke and heat.

    As I reached the cold air outside, my bundle of clothes gave out  68  thin cry. I nearly dropped  69  in my surprise. Then I found myself in a crowd gathered in the street. A woman in her night dress and a  70  (borrow) man’s coat screamed as she saw me and came running to me madly.

=She was the Mayor’s wife, and I had saved her baby.

分值: 15分 查看题目解析 >
1

第一节  短文改错(共10小题;每小题1分,满分10分)

    假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中共有10处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。

增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧),并在其下面写出该加的词。

删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。

修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。

注意:1每处错误及其修改均仅限一词;

          2只允许修改10处,多者(从第11处起)不计分。

    One day, I picked my daughter Eloise from school and went to the supermarket for a few things. I was hoping to be in and out quickly. I found a short line with just one person in the front of me. It was an older woman, and she was paid for her things with only change. After a long day at works, I was patient with this woman. And then I watched the young clerk. He helped her count her change, take it gently from her shaking hands. He was patient and kind the whole time. Because I was watching him, I saw Eloise was too. I realized my daughter had learned an important lesson with a complete stranger.

分值: 10分 查看题目解析 >
1

第二节  书面表达(满分25分)

    你校学生会需招聘一名留学生做英语学习顾问,请你以短文形式写一则招聘启事。内容主要包括:

    1母语是英语,汉语流利者优先;

    2解答英语学习问题,协助组织英语活动;

    3每周4小时,报酬面议;

    4联系人:李华(Tel:13011223344)。

注意:

    1词数100-120左右;

    2可以适当增加细节,以使行文连贯;

    3启事标语和结尾已为你写好。

English Advisor Wanted

__________________________________________________________________________________                                     

                                        Student Union

                                      Yucai High School

分值: 25分 查看题目解析 >
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