These yellow creatures become a big hit for their cuteness of loving bananas, nonsense words and silly movements. When you watched Despicable Me (2010), did you predict the Minions would later become the main attraction? From background characters and then main characters, their success proves good animated creations can take on a life of their own spin-offs(续集)
The penguins were originally just sidekicks in Madagascar(2005). But in 2008 they took leading roles in their own TV series, and in 2014 starred in the film Penguins of Madagascar. The penguins’ wit, sarcasm and crafty composure not only adds attraction to the kid-friendly franchise, but also serves adult audiences well. So it's not surprising that they got their own movie.
A small and furry squirrel with a long tail from animated movie Ice Age(2002), Scrat has won people’s hearts with its persistence in acorns. It is a big part of its(Ice Age’s) enduring appeal. He demands a lot of nuts, but he is a superstar, and he does his own stunts. Scrat now has his own animated shorts, extended scenes and mini-movies.
Puss in Boots
Originally a fairy tale written by French author Charles Perraut, Puss in Boots features a cat that helps his low-born master gain wealth and power through trickery. The cat later appeared in the Shrek franchise. In 2011, he had his own movie fittingly titled Puss in Boots.
21. According to the text, an adult is more likely to enjoy the character ______.
22. Which is close in meaning to the underlined word ‘sidekicks’ in the second part?
23. What do the four characters have in common?
Today, paper-making is a big business. But it is still possible to make paper by hand, since the steps are the same as using big machines.
You should use paper with small amounts of printing. Old envelopes are good for this reason. Colored paper also can be used, as well as small amounts of newspaper. Small pieces of rags or cloth can be added. These should be cut into pieces about five centimeters by five centimeters.
Everything is placed in a container, covered with water and brought to a boil. It is mixed for about two hours with some common chemicals and then allowed to cool. Then it is left until most of the water dries up. The substance left, called pulp(纸浆), can be stored until you are ready to make paper.
When you are ready, the pulp is mixed with water again. Then the pulp is poured into a mold. The mold is made of small squares of wire that hold the shape and thickness of the paper. To help dry the paper, the mold lets the water flow through the small wire squares.
After several more drying steps, the paper is carefully lifted back from the mold. It is now strong enough to be touched.
The paper is smoothed and pressed to remove trapped air. You can use a common electric iron used for pressing clothes.
24. It is suggested that we “should choose paper with small amounts of printing” to_____.
25. Whether the paper is strong enough to be touched is determined by _____.
26. When the paper is lifted from the mold, it is time to _____.
27. The passage is most probably intended to _____.
Zero gravity looks cool. But what about the thing no one likes to talk about? Yes, that is right: going to bathroom. Zero gravity makes this everyday task quite a challenge. Astronauts have to be toilet-trained all over again.
The Apollo astronauts raised themselves off the seat of their chairs and stuck a clear plastic bag to their back sides with sticky strips. A second astronaut watched closely to be sure no waste matter escaped the seal. (You would not want that stuff floating around the cabin!) When the deed was done, the astronaut cleaned up with a piece of plastic attached to the inside of the bag, removed the bag, dropped a disinfectant pill in with the waste matter, and put the whole thing, sealed, into a special container.
Donald W. Rethke, an engineer for Hamilton Standard Space Systems, developed a more private way to answer nature’s call: the space toilet. It is somewhat like the kind of toilet one would find on commercial airplanes --- with unique adaptations for zero gravity, of course. For instance, it has thigh bars that keep the astronaut from floating off the seat.
The astronaut (male or female) defecates (排便) in a bag and urinates (排尿) in a hose. Solid and liquid wastes are kept separated because at least 85% of the urine is recycled and, yes, after careful filtration, used for drinking and other purposes. (Water is always in demand in space.) A vacuum sucks the waste materials into the toilet, where the waste is compacted into hamburger-like patties for easy storage. Although not exactly like an earthbound visit to the toilet, it is at the very least much more private than in the early days of space travel.
28. According to the first paragraph, the lack of the gravity can turn something as simple as _______ into a major challenge.
29. How did astronauts use toilet systems in the Apollo days?
30. To ensure the user remains seated, the toilet comes equipped with _______
31. What can be inferred from the fact that most of the astronauts’ urine is recycled?
The federal school lunch program for 30 million low-income children was created more than half a century ago to combat malnutrition(营养不良). A breakfast program was added during the 1960s, and both attempted to improve the nutritional value of food served at school.
More must be done to fight the childhood obesity(肥胖) epidemic, which has caused a frightening peak in weight-related disorders like diabetes, high-blood pressure and heart disease among young people. The place to start is schools, where junk food sold outside the federal meals program—through snack bars and vending machines—has pretty much canceled out the benefits of all those efforts.
Federal rules that govern the sales of these harmful foods at school are limited and have not been updated for nearly 40 years. Until new regulations are written, children who are served healthy meals in the school cafeteria will continue to buy candy drinks and high sodium(钠) snacks elsewhere in school.
Many states’ school districts have taken positive steps, but others are likely to resist, especially districts that sell junk food to finance athletic program extracurricular activities, and even copier expenses.
Those districts should take note of a study released in 2009 in West Virginia showing that the budgetary costs of switching from sodas to healthy drinks such as fruit juice, milk, and water were very little. Even if the switch costs money, so be it. The school should not be trading their students’ health to buy office supplies.
Over the last five decades, the obesity rates for adolescents have tripled. Unless there is decisive action, weight and inactivity-related disorders will bother a steady larger proportion of the work force and replace smoking as the leading cause of premature death.
32. According to this passage, ______ are to blame for the childhood obesity.
33. Which is the main idea of Paragraph 3?
34. The passage is concerned mainly with ______.
35. The tone of this passage is ______.
How to Succeed in Science
To succeed in science, you need alot more than luck. In my view, you have to combine intelligence with awillingness not to follow conventions when they block your path forward. Thus,these have come to be my rules for success.
That might sound proud, but thefact is that you must always turn to people who are brighter than yourself.It’s like playing any game. Even as a child, I never wanted to play games withanyone who was as bad as I was. If you win, it gives you no pleasure. And inthe game of science or life, the highestgoal isn’t simply to win; it’s to win at something really difficult. 37
2. Take risks
To make a huge success, ascientist has to be prepared to get into deep trouble. If you are going to makea huge jump in science, you will very likely be unqualified to succeed bydefinition. 38 This can be more than personally upsetting.
3. Never do anything that boresyou.
My experience in science is thatsomeone is always telling you to do things, and then leave you alone. I’m notgood enough to do well in something I dislike. 39
It’s very hard to succeed if youdon’t want to be with other scientists — you have to go to key meetings whereyou spot key facts that would have escaped you. And you have to chat with yourcompetitors, even if you find them objectionable.
So my final rule is: 40
A. Meet challenges with greatcourage.
B. If you can’t stand to be withyour real peers, get out of science.
C. Put another way, it’s to gosomewhere beyond your ability and come out on top.
D. Be sure you always have someoneto save you from a deep mess.
E. Avoid foolish people.
F. In fact, I find it hard to dowell in something I like.
G. Besides, you even have to beprepared to disbelieve your scientific heroes.
Myname is Wil Wheaton --- and I am a nerd(怪人). It’s awesome to be 61 nerd.When I was a little boy, people really teased me about that and 62 (make)me feel like there was something wrong with me for loving strange things. Nowthat I’m an adult, I’m a 63 (profession) nerd, andthe world has changed. I think we 64 (realize) that being anerd is not about what you love 65 abouthow you love.
Sothere’s going to be a thing in your life that you love. I don’t know what it’s going tobe. It might be sports or science or reading or 66 (tell)stories --- it doesn’t matter what it is. Some of us love Game of Thrones, while others love Star Wars. But we all love those things so much that we travel 67 (thousand)of miles --- which is 68 (probable) easy for you, but we’re stillusing fossil fuels, so it’s difficult--- to be around people who love thethings that we love the way that we love them. That’s 69 beinga nerd is awesome.
Iwant you to work hard because everything worth 70 (do)is hard. I want you to be awesome, and I will do my very best to leave you aplanet that you can still live on.
We are in an age when people take picture everywhere. They enjoy it even when in a museum or invited for a meal. A report shows that teens in many countries, especially in China, is always seen taking pictures update their websites with them. Besides, they are serious about getting 100 likes because of getting anything less is considered embarrassed. Some parents worry that this type of thinking is far too competitively for teens. And some teens don’t think so. “If I got wrap up in my likes or views, I’d go crazy. Never let your values be determined by how someone else thinks.”
阅读下面短文，从短文后各题所给的四个选项（A、B、C 和 D）中，选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。
Rudolph, a violin player, was not valued too much. One day, he traveled in a boat and was in a storm. An old lighthouse(灯塔) man rescued him and led him into the lighthouse. After he had a long with him, Rudolph learned more about the old man. Then in the storm and the lighthouse and the old man lifted Rudolph from his usual everyday . He was filled with understanding and love. He was lifted to a he had never known or . He wanted to play music that showed the power of and stars just for the old man. And the storm and winds to join him, he stood and played the Kreutzer Sonata(奏鸣曲) of Beethoven.
The moments . Moments that were days in the birth of fire and stars, moments of the of all men, and finally moments that showed the of all human spirit. Never had Rudolph played with such power. , waves and winds beat the lighthouse with giant hands. Above, the strong light its life-saving beams across the dark and angry seas. Rudolph dropped his head to his chest, breathing . The ocean threw its water over the land with the sound of many voices.
The old man sat without moving, his wide old hand on his knees. He thought about the storm outside--- music made by God. He thought of Rudolph and his music --- were part of the works of nature --- both were works of . He nodded his head up and down, then turned to Rudolph.
“Yes,” he said… “That is