• 英语 长沙市2017年高三第一次模拟考试
简答题(综合题) 本大题共85分。简答应写出文字说明、证明过程或演算步骤。
1

(A)

In between running one of the world's largest charitable agencies and acting as Microsoft's technology advisor, Bill Gates manages to find time io read books, both long and short. Now Gates - who has been labeled a "greedy" reader - has released a list of his favorite books of the year. All of the books are standout reads, according to the billionaire. most of which are focused on business and economy.

Here are Bill's top four picks for the year (with parts of his full review of each book).

Business Adventures, by John Brooks

Brooks' collection was published in 1969 and remains one of Gates' favorites. He re-read it again this year, labeling it the "best business book I've ever read."

"Shortly after we met, Warren Buffett lent me this collection of New Yorker business articles front the 1950s and 1960s. I loved them as much as he did. Brooks' insights (洞察力)about business have aged beautifully, and they are as true today as ever."

Capital in lire Twenty-First Century, by Thomas Piketty

Piketty's novel hit the shelves in August 2013 and sparked much discussion concerning income inequality throughout this year. Gates also got to sit down with Piketty himself after reading the non-fiction work to discuss the topic.

"As I told him, although I have concerns about some of his secondary points and policy prescriptions. I agree with his most important conclusions: inequality is a growing problem and that governments should play a role in reducing it."

How Asia works, by Joe Studwell

Studwell's work which was published in May this year. addresses how countries such as Japan, South Korea and China have continued to achieve high growth. and why other countries have failed to do the same.

"The agriculture section of the book was particularly insightful. It provided ample food for thought for me as well as the whole Agriculture team at our foundation. And it left us thinking about whether parts of the Asian model can apply in Africa."

Making the Modern World: Materials and Demateriallation, by Vaclav Smil

Smil's books are a constant favorite of the Microsoft founder- one of his books makes Gates' list almost every year. "Making the Modem World" came out late last year and explores the global use of materials, from silicon to wood, and plastic.

"If anyone trios to tell you We're using fewer materials, send him this book. With his usual skepticism and his love of data. Smil shows how our ability to make things with less material - say. soda cans that need less aluminum - makes them cheaper. which actually encourages more production."

【语篇导读】本文是一篇应用文。作者主要介绍了Bill Gates在本年度读过的四本书。

21. The books mentioned in the text are all about .

Acharity in the world

Bbusiness and economy

Cpoverty in the world

DBill Gates' life experience

22. Of the books, is best praised by Bill Gates.

AHow Asia Works

BCapital in the Twenty-First Century

CBusiness Adventures

DMaking the Modern World: Materials and Dematerialization

23. Gates once had a personal discussion with the author of .

A Capital in the Twenty-First Century

B Business Adventures

C. How Asia Works

DMaking the Modern World: Materials and Dematerialization

24. In How Asia Works, the author analyses .

Awhy African agriculture cannot be developed fast

Bhow they can apply Asian economic model in African countries

Cwhy Asia is so slow in agricultural development

Dhow some Asian countries have rapidly grown in economy

分值: 8分 查看题目解析 >
1

(B)

Gregory Talley used to sleep in a park or under a bridge. The 50-year-old has been homeless for more than 10 years.

"It is hard. It's hard to live homeless. You filled every day trying to find out where you are going to get something to eat. If I hadn't found wonderful Fairfax County Kennedy Shelter, I wouldn't know where I would be by now. I might be dead," Talley said.

The Kennedy Shelter is one of the facilities New Hope Housing provides for homeless people.

Pam Michell has devoted her life to making the lives of this vulnerable (易受伤的)population better as executive director of the non-profit organization.

"I went to Africa in 1985. And I saw a huge amount of poverty, but I saw so much hope. And I decided that I should try to do something that would bring hope to people," Michell said.

When Michell began working with New Hope Housing 25 years ago, its three shelters had about 80 beds. Now, it has 350 beds and serves about 1,500 homeless people every year. She has expanded the program beyond just providing beds for the night.

"We do outreach(拓展), we do prevention, we do permanent housing. we

do transitional housing. We have an education program with all sorts of different things to move people to end their homelessness," she said,"Our Out of Poverty program is not just about money. It's about you could be spiritually poor, you could be relationship poor ... you could be

educationally poor. So it is focusing on how you get out of this poverty that has brought you to being homeless." The program tries to teach the shelter residents self-reliance (自立) and work values, and includes courses on planning and personal responsibility.

"l learned I still have opportunities to change it and I can change it," said shelter resident Lewis Webster. "It is just about going forth in doing necessary work to do it. I mean if you really want better, you would do better and that's the frame of mind of me now."

【语篇导读】本文是一篇叙事时文。主要描述美国慈善机构对流浪者的帮助。

25. Gregory Talley's story is told at the beginning of the text to .

Atell readers the situation for the poor in the US is getting worse

Bintroduce a non-profit organization that is trying to help the poor in the US

Cdisclose the truth that more and more homeless people are dying from hunger

Dremind readers that the homeless people in the US have no trouble getting food

26. According to Paragraph 6. Pam Michell started to bring hope to the homeless by .

Aproviding clothes for them

Boffering food for them '

Cbuilding new houses for them

Doffering them shelters for the night

27. What is the final purpose of the education program?

ATo tell the homeless people the ways to make money.

BTo help the homeless people find the causes of their poverty.

CTo encourage the homeless to work and rely on themselves.

DTo teach the poor how to live a better life in the shelters.

28. What may be the best title for the text?

AComfort in the Kennedy Shelter

BWays to achieve success

CAn Opportunity to Fight Homelessness

DAn Organisation to End Homelessness

分值: 8分 查看题目解析 >
1

(C)

A new study by the British government has discovered the mental health of the country's teenage girls has become Worse.

The survey, which included 30,000 14-year-old students in 2005 and 2014. showed 37 percent of girls with psychological stress, up from 34 percent in 2005. British boys' stress level %%as actually seen to fall over the same time period, from 17 percent to 15 percent.

The report's authors pointed out the "advent of the social media age" could be a major contributing factor for increased stress among teenage British girls.

"The adolescent years are a time of rapid physical, cognitive (认知的) and emotional development," Pam Ramsden, a lecturer in psychology at the University of Bradford in the United Kingdom, wrote in a recent blog post. "Teenagers interact with people in order to learn how to become competent (有能力的) adults. In the past, they would engage with parents, teachers and other adults in their community as well as extended family members and friends. Now we can also add social media to that list of social and emotional development."

Throughout adolescence, girls and boys develop characteristics like confidence and self-control. Since teenage brains have not completely developed, teens don't have the cognitive awareness and impulse (冲动) control to keep from posting inappropriate content. Furthermore, this content can easily be spread far and wide with disastrous influences.

Social media can also feed into girls' insecurities about their appearance, Ramsden said. These sites are often filled with images of people with body type unattainable to the normal person. However, these images and the messages tied to them gradually become societal standards.

【语篇导读】本文是一篇科普文。主要介绍网络社交媒体对青少年女生的负面影响。

29. The statistics in the second paragraph show that .

Amore and more children in Britain have mental health problems

Bfew girls in Britain suffered from psychological stress in 2005

Cmore boys in Britain are suffering from mental pressure now

Dmore British girls feel psychologically stressed than boys do now

30. Contrary to traditional ways of interaction, social media .

Ahelps teenagers develop qualities like confidence and self-control

Bhas many negative effects on girls' characteristic development

Cmakes teens aware of potential danger of the inappropriate content

Dteaches girls to care about their appearance to meet societal standards

31. The underlined word "advent" in Paragraph 3 can be replaced by .

Aarrival

Bend

Cdisappearance

DInvention

分值: 6分 查看题目解析 >
1

Singapore is planning to cut off web access for public servants as a defence against potential cyber attack - a move closely watched by critics who say it marks a retreat (倒退) for a technologically advanced city-state that has trademarked the term "smart nation".

Some security experts say the policy, due to be in place by May, risks damaging productivity among civil servants and those working at more than four dozen statutory (法定的) boards, and cutting them off from the people they serve. It may only raise slightly the defensive walls against cyber attack. they say.

Ben Desjardins. director of security solutions at network security firm Radware, called it "one of the more extreme measures I can recall by a large public organisation to fight cyber security risks". Stephen Dane, a Hong Kong-based managing director at networking company Cisco Systems, said it was "a most unusual situation" and Ramki Thurimella. chair of the computer science department at the University of Denver, called it both "unprecedented (前所未有的) "and "'a little excessive (过分的) ". One 23-year-old manager, who gave only her family name. Netagale, said blocking web access would only harm productivity and may not stop attacks. "Information may leak through other means, so blocking the Internet may not stop the unavoidable from happening." she said.

But other cyber security companies said that with the kind of threats governments face today. Singapore had little choice but to restrict Internet access.

FireEye, a cyber security company, found that organisations in south-east Asia were 80% more likely than the global average to be hit by an advanced cyber attack.

Singapore officials said no particular attack led to the decision but noted a leakage of one ministry in 2015. David Koh, CEO of the newly formed Cyber Security Agency, said officials realized there was too much data to secure and the threat "is too real".

【语篇导读】本文是一篇议论文。作者介绍了新加坡政府想断开公务员的网络连接以防止网络攻击的出现。

32. Singapore decides to cut off web access for public servants to .

Amatch her trademark of "smart nation

Bprevent potential cyber attack

Cincrease civil productivity

Draise wide awareness of cyber attack

33. The main idea of the third paragraph is people's

Aagreement with the government plan

Bsupport for the government plan

Carguments over the government plan

Dsuggestions on the government plan

34. What is the reason for Singapore government's decision?

ACyber attack has severely damaged the technologically advanced city-state.

BMore than 8O% of the state's websites are likely to be attacked.

CMany organizations have been attacked online globally.

DThe Singapore government is facing threats of cyber attack.

35. According to what David Koh says, we can infer that .

Aall the Singapore government data is in danger of being attacked

Bthe Singapore government is always threatened by cyber attackers

Cthe Singapore government has been warned of the data security

Dcyber attacks can happen any time and too much data needs protection

分值: 8分 查看题目解析 >
1

I worked on boats for twenty five years. Now I am a docking pilot(码头领航员).My job is to __41 _ in the large luxury liners (轮船) and stay with them until they are 42 _ stopped in the harbour. Sometimes this requires two tugs (拖船),sometimes many more, 43 _ the tide and the weather.

Most of you no 44 _ have seen these tugs pushing and pulling at the big liners. What they are doing doesn't seem to make much 45 _ ,as the minute the big boat is alongside the port, her heavy rope made fast, the job is 46 _ .

I felt very 47 _ after I had docked several of the large liners. I realized I was in 48 _ of a great ship worth millions of dollars and the 49 were depending on me to bring her safely to the port. These tugs, whether one or ten, 50 _ about in accord with (与……一致) whistle signals I 51 _ them from the bridge of the big liner. These signals make up a language that is just as 52 _ as the spoken word, or even more so, 53 _ our docking signals are hardly misunderstood. The captain of each tug does his work according to the signals he 54 _ . He never asks questions. He takes 55 _ faithfully,and it 56 _ works out.

Working around tugboats, where so much depends on 57 _ , has had its effect on what I believe. I believe that if I am to attain a 58 _ place in the world I must have the help of my fellow men just as the great transatlantic (远洋的) liners depend on the_ 59 _ of the little tugs to bring them safely to the 60 _ .

【语篇导读】我多年的港口领航员的工作经历告诉我,没有团队合作就绝不会取得成功,正如远洋航行的万吨巨轮要想安全入港停泊,还得依靠小小拖船的帮助一样。

41.

Aput

Bpush

Cbring

Djoin

42.

Asafely

Bdangerously

Cimmediately

Dillegally

43.

Aadding to

Bletting alone

Cthinking of

Ddepending on

44.

Awonder

Bdoubt

Cneed

Dexception

45.

Asense

Bprofit

Cprogress

Dadvance

46.

Aprepared

Blost

Cplanned

Ddone

47.

Abored

Bmeaningless

Cimportant

Dtired

48.

Acontrol

Bpraise

Cdefence

Dplace

49.

Aclerks

Bsportsmen

Creaders

Downers

50.

Alook

Bmove

Chear

Dworry

51.

Awrite

Bsend

Cmail

Dbring

52.

Adependable

Bincredible

Cdoubtful

Dvisible

53.

Athough

Bif

Cwhile

Dbecause

54.

Agives

Bspreads

Creceives

DPasses

55.

Anothing

Banything

Csomething

Deverything

56.

Anever

Bever

Calways

Dseldom

57.

Aimagination

Bcreation

Cteamwork

Dperformance

58.

Asuccessful

Bfrustrating

Cregretful

Dembarrassing

59.

Aprevention

Bhelp

Cobjection

Ddelay

60.

Aairport

Bstation

Cport

DStop

分值: 30分 查看题目解析 >
1

Located in the northwest of Hunan Province, about 300 kilometers away from Changsha, capital of Hunan. Zhangjiajie, 61 _ covers a total area of 9,563 square kilometers, is a tourist city for its unique natural scenery and abundant tourism resources. Zhangjiajie 62 _ (award) the title of "World Geological Park" in 2004. 63 ___ (actual), Zhangjiajie, honored as "the most fantastic mountain under heaven" and "a walking Chinese landscape painting", is also widely praised as "__64 _ enlarged potted landscaping "a mini fairyland" and "a maze(迷宫) of nature", attracting a growing number of tourists 65 _ home and abroad.

Since it was discovered in the 1980s. tourism industry 66 _ (become) the leading industry in Zhangjiajie, which has stimulated the development of other industries 67 _ (relate) to tourism. At the same time, cco-tourism has been developed rapidly in Zhangjiajie. When you come to Zhangjiajie, you can fully appreciate 68 _ (it) magnificent natural scenery and experience appealing folk custom as well as other thrilling tourist 69 _ __ (activity), and you will be deeply impressed by 70 _ is performed by the minorities there.

It must be an exciting, joyful and unforgettable tour to Zhangjiajie.

【语篇导读】本文是一篇写景说明文。作者从张家界地理位置,所获称号等等方面介绍张家界。

61.

62.

63.

64.

65.

66.

67.

68.

69.

70.

分值: 15分 查看题目解析 >
1

假定英语课上老师要求两桌之间交换修改作文.请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。

文中共有10处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除

或修改。增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(),并在其下面写出该加的词。删除: 把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。修改: 在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。注意:1.每处错误及其修改均仅限一词:2.只允许修改10处,多者(从第11处起)不计分。

The American TV show The Voice is one of my most favorite amusement shows. In one hand, I can listen to different styles of music. On the other hand, I can see the singers' stories, who are so inspiring. I was so impressed by a musical boy who was from the country. If he was very young, he loved to sing while doing the farm work. After work. he learned to play guitar. He liked living on the farm, for the life was simple. The boy brought his guitar to the stage, worn a fashionable hat which made him seem so mysteriously. When the boy sing a song with his guitar, all the judge were astonished by his talent. As a result, he won the game but finally became famous throughout the country.

分值: 10分 查看题目解析 >
补全信息 本大题共5小题,每小题2分,共10分。把答案填写在题中横线上。
1

Everyone makes mistakes.  36___ . Making a mistake at work, however, can be more serious. It may cause problems for your employer and even affect the company's bottom line Evil consequences will finally come down to you. Simply correcting your mistake and moving on may not be an option. When you make a mistake at work your career may depend on what you do next.

Admit your mistake.

Tell your boss about your mistake immediately. The only exception is if you make an insignificant error that will not affect anyone. Otherwise, don't try to hide your mistake.  37_   .

Present your boss with a plan to fix your mistake.

When you go to your boss to admit your mistake, you must have a plan for correcting it. Present your plan clearly. Tell your boss how long it will take to carry out your plan and if there are any costs involved.

Don't blame anyone else for your mistake.

__38_   .Encourage those who may share responsibility to follow your lead in admitting to your boss.__39_   .

There's a big difference between admitting your mistake and beating yourself up about it. Take responsibility but don't blame yourself for making it, especially in public.

Correct your mistake on your own time.

If you have to spend extra hours at work to correct your mistake, don't expect to be paid for that time.  40 _     .

【语篇导读】本文是一篇议论文。作者就人们在工作中犯错之后应该做些什么去弥补所犯下的错误发表了自己的看法和建议。全文共六段,按总分的方式来进行议论。第一段总叙每个人都会犯错,问题是在工作中犯错之后如何补救。

AApologize for your mistake but don't beat yourself up

BUsually you can correct your error or just forget about it and move on

CYou can use your lunch hour or come into work early

DPointing fingers won't help you if you make a mistake

EStrengthen your friendship with your boss

FYou'll feel ashamed if your colleague takes the responsibility for you

GYou will look terrible if someone else discovers it

分值: 10分 查看题目解析 >
书面表达 本大题共25分。
1

假定你是李华.在一个英文网络论坛上,你看到一个名叫Mike的中学生发帖( post )寻求帮助。请根据帖子内容、写作要点和要求回帖。

Hi, everyone,

I'm l8 years old and I'm going to a university in Beijing this autumn. My parents insist on going with me to help me with my daily life. But I think I can manage it all by myself. How can I make them change their ideas?

写作要点:1. 告诉Mike要理解父母亲。2. 给Mike提出解决问胜的具体建议。注意:1.词数100左右(不含己写好的部分);2.可以适当增加细节.以使行文连贯。

分值: 25分 查看题目解析 >
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