In between running one of the world's largest charitable agencies and acting as Microsoft's technology advisor, Bill Gates manages to find time io read books, both long and short. Now Gates - who has been labeled a "greedy" reader - has released a list of his favorite books of the year. All of the books are standout reads, according to the billionaire. most of which are focused on business and economy.
Here are Bill's top four picks for the year (with parts of his full review of each book).
Business Adventures, by John Brooks
Brooks' collection was published in 1969 and remains one of Gates' favorites. He re-read it again this year, labeling it the "best business book I've ever read."
"Shortly after we met, Warren Buffett lent me this collection of New Yorker business articles front the 1950s and 1960s. I loved them as much as he did. Brooks' insights (洞察力)about business have aged beautifully, and they are as true today as ever."
Capital in lire Twenty-First Century, by Thomas Piketty
Piketty's novel hit the shelves in August 2013 and sparked much discussion concerning income inequality throughout this year. Gates also got to sit down with Piketty himself after reading the non-fiction work to discuss the topic.
"As I told him, although I have concerns about some of his secondary points and policy prescriptions. I agree with his most important conclusions: inequality is a growing problem and that governments should play a role in reducing it."
How Asia works, by Joe Studwell
Studwell's work which was published in May this year. addresses how countries such as Japan, South Korea and China have continued to achieve high growth. and why other countries have failed to do the same.
"The agriculture section of the book was particularly insightful. It provided ample food for thought for me as well as the whole Agriculture team at our foundation. And it left us thinking about whether parts of the Asian model can apply in Africa."
Making the Modern World: Materials and Demateriallation, by Vaclav Smil
Smil's books are a constant favorite of the Microsoft founder- one of his books makes Gates' list almost every year. "Making the Modem World" came out late last year and explores the global use of materials, from silicon to wood, and plastic.
"If anyone trios to tell you We're using fewer materials, send him this book. With his usual skepticism and his love of data. Smil shows how our ability to make things with less material - say. soda cans that need less aluminum - makes them cheaper. which actually encourages more production."
21. The books mentioned in the text are all about .
22. Of the books, is best praised by Bill Gates.
23. Gates once had a personal discussion with the author of .
24. In How Asia Works, the author analyses .
Gregory Talley used to sleep in a park or under a bridge. The 50-year-old has been homeless for more than 10 years.
"It is hard. It's hard to live homeless. You filled every day trying to find out where you are going to get something to eat. If I hadn't found wonderful Fairfax County Kennedy Shelter, I wouldn't know where I would be by now. I might be dead," Talley said.
The Kennedy Shelter is one of the facilities New Hope Housing provides for homeless people.
Pam Michell has devoted her life to making the lives of this vulnerable (易受伤的)population better as executive director of the non-profit organization.
"I went to Africa in 1985. And I saw a huge amount of poverty, but I saw so much hope. And I decided that I should try to do something that would bring hope to people," Michell said.
When Michell began working with New Hope Housing 25 years ago, its three shelters had about 80 beds. Now, it has 350 beds and serves about 1,500 homeless people every year. She has expanded the program beyond just providing beds for the night.
"We do outreach(拓展), we do prevention, we do permanent housing. we
do transitional housing. We have an education program with all sorts of different things to move people to end their homelessness," she said,"Our Out of Poverty program is not just about money. It's about you could be spiritually poor, you could be relationship poor ... you could be
educationally poor. So it is focusing on how you get out of this poverty that has brought you to being homeless." The program tries to teach the shelter residents self-reliance (自立) and work values, and includes courses on planning and personal responsibility.
"l learned I still have opportunities to change it and I can change it," said shelter resident Lewis Webster. "It is just about going forth in doing necessary work to do it. I mean if you really want better, you would do better and that's the frame of mind of me now."
25. Gregory Talley's story is told at the beginning of the text to .
26. According to Paragraph 6. Pam Michell started to bring hope to the homeless by .
27. What is the final purpose of the education program?
28. What may be the best title for the text?
A new study by the British government has discovered the mental health of the country's teenage girls has become Worse.
The survey, which included 30,000 14-year-old students in 2005 and 2014. showed 37 percent of girls with psychological stress, up from 34 percent in 2005. British boys' stress level %%as actually seen to fall over the same time period, from 17 percent to 15 percent.
The report's authors pointed out the "advent of the social media age" could be a major contributing factor for increased stress among teenage British girls.
"The adolescent years are a time of rapid physical, cognitive (认知的) and emotional development," Pam Ramsden, a lecturer in psychology at the University of Bradford in the United Kingdom, wrote in a recent blog post. "Teenagers interact with people in order to learn how to become competent (有能力的) adults. In the past, they would engage with parents, teachers and other adults in their community as well as extended family members and friends. Now we can also add social media to that list of social and emotional development."
Throughout adolescence, girls and boys develop characteristics like confidence and self-control. Since teenage brains have not completely developed, teens don't have the cognitive awareness and impulse (冲动) control to keep from posting inappropriate content. Furthermore, this content can easily be spread far and wide with disastrous influences.
Social media can also feed into girls' insecurities about their appearance, Ramsden said. These sites are often filled with images of people with body type unattainable to the normal person. However, these images and the messages tied to them gradually become societal standards.
29. The statistics in the second paragraph show that .
30. Contrary to traditional ways of interaction, social media .
31. The underlined word "advent" in Paragraph 3 can be replaced by .
Singapore is planning to cut off web access for public servants as a defence against potential cyber attack - a move closely watched by critics who say it marks a retreat (倒退) for a technologically advanced city-state that has trademarked the term "smart nation".
Some security experts say the policy, due to be in place by May, risks damaging productivity among civil servants and those working at more than four dozen statutory (法定的) boards, and cutting them off from the people they serve. It may only raise slightly the defensive walls against cyber attack. they say.
Ben Desjardins. director of security solutions at network security firm Radware, called it "one of the more extreme measures I can recall by a large public organisation to fight cyber security risks". Stephen Dane, a Hong Kong-based managing director at networking company Cisco Systems, said it was "a most unusual situation" and Ramki Thurimella. chair of the computer science department at the University of Denver, called it both "unprecedented (前所未有的) "and "'a little excessive (过分的) ". One 23-year-old manager, who gave only her family name. Netagale, said blocking web access would only harm productivity and may not stop attacks. "Information may leak through other means, so blocking the Internet may not stop the unavoidable from happening." she said.
But other cyber security companies said that with the kind of threats governments face today. Singapore had little choice but to restrict Internet access.
FireEye, a cyber security company, found that organisations in south-east Asia were 80% more likely than the global average to be hit by an advanced cyber attack.
Singapore officials said no particular attack led to the decision but noted a leakage of one ministry in 2015. David Koh, CEO of the newly formed Cyber Security Agency, said officials realized there was too much data to secure and the threat "is too real".
32. Singapore decides to cut off web access for public servants to .
33. The main idea of the third paragraph is people's
34. What is the reason for Singapore government's decision?
35. According to what David Koh says, we can infer that .
I worked on boats for twenty five years. Now I am a docking pilot（码头领航员）.My job is to __41 _ in the large luxury liners (轮船) and stay with them until they are 42 _ stopped in the harbour. Sometimes this requires two tugs (拖船)，sometimes many more, 43 _ the tide and the weather.
Most of you no 44 _ have seen these tugs pushing and pulling at the big liners. What they are doing doesn't seem to make much 45 _ ,as the minute the big boat is alongside the port, her heavy rope made fast, the job is 46 _ .
I felt very 47 _ after I had docked several of the large liners. I realized I was in 48 _ of a great ship worth millions of dollars and the 49 were depending on me to bring her safely to the port. These tugs, whether one or ten, 50 _ about in accord with (与……一致) whistle signals I 51 _ them from the bridge of the big liner. These signals make up a language that is just as 52 _ as the spoken word, or even more so, 53 _ our docking signals are hardly misunderstood. The captain of each tug does his work according to the signals he 54 _ . He never asks questions. He takes 55 _ faithfully，and it 56 _ works out.
Working around tugboats, where so much depends on 57 _ , has had its effect on what I believe. I believe that if I am to attain a 58 _ place in the world I must have the help of my fellow men just as the great transatlantic (远洋的) liners depend on the_ 59 _ of the little tugs to bring them safely to the 60 _ .
Located in the northwest of Hunan Province, about 300 kilometers away from Changsha, capital of Hunan. Zhangjiajie, 61 _ covers a total area of 9,563 square kilometers, is a tourist city for its unique natural scenery and abundant tourism resources. Zhangjiajie 62 _ (award) the title of "World Geological Park" in 2004. 63 ___ (actual), Zhangjiajie, honored as "the most fantastic mountain under heaven" and "a walking Chinese landscape painting", is also widely praised as "__64 _ enlarged potted landscaping "a mini fairyland" and "a maze(迷宫) of nature", attracting a growing number of tourists 65 _ home and abroad.
Since it was discovered in the 1980s. tourism industry 66 _ (become) the leading industry in Zhangjiajie, which has stimulated the development of other industries 67 _ (relate) to tourism. At the same time, cco-tourism has been developed rapidly in Zhangjiajie. When you come to Zhangjiajie, you can fully appreciate 68 _ (it) magnificent natural scenery and experience appealing folk custom as well as other thrilling tourist 69 _ __ (activity), and you will be deeply impressed by 70 _ is performed by the minorities there.
It must be an exciting, joyful and unforgettable tour to Zhangjiajie.
或修改。增加：在缺词处加一个漏字符号()，并在其下面写出该加的词。删除: 把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。修改: 在错的词下划一横线，并在该词下面写出修改后的词。注意：1.每处错误及其修改均仅限一词:2.只允许修改10处，多者(从第11处起)不计分。
The American TV show The Voice is one of my most favorite amusement shows. In one hand, I can listen to different styles of music. On the other hand, I can see the singers' stories, who are so inspiring. I was so impressed by a musical boy who was from the country. If he was very young, he loved to sing while doing the farm work. After work. he learned to play guitar. He liked living on the farm, for the life was simple. The boy brought his guitar to the stage, worn a fashionable hat which made him seem so mysteriously. When the boy sing a song with his guitar, all the judge were astonished by his talent. As a result, he won the game but finally became famous throughout the country.
Everyone makes mistakes. 36___ . Making a mistake at work, however, can be more serious. It may cause problems for your employer and even affect the company's bottom line Evil consequences will finally come down to you. Simply correcting your mistake and moving on may not be an option. When you make a mistake at work your career may depend on what you do next.
Admit your mistake.
Tell your boss about your mistake immediately. The only exception is if you make an insignificant error that will not affect anyone. Otherwise, don't try to hide your mistake. 37_ .
Present your boss with a plan to fix your mistake.
When you go to your boss to admit your mistake, you must have a plan for correcting it. Present your plan clearly. Tell your boss how long it will take to carry out your plan and if there are any costs involved.
Don't blame anyone else for your mistake.
__38_ .Encourage those who may share responsibility to follow your lead in admitting to your boss.__39_ .
There's a big difference between admitting your mistake and beating yourself up about it. Take responsibility but don't blame yourself for making it, especially in public.
Correct your mistake on your own time.
If you have to spend extra hours at work to correct your mistake, don't expect to be paid for that time. 40 _ .
假定你是李华.在一个英文网络论坛上，你看到一个名叫Mike的中学生发帖( post )寻求帮助。请根据帖子内容、写作要点和要求回帖。
I'm l8 years old and I'm going to a university in Beijing this autumn. My parents insist on going with me to help me with my daily life. But I think I can manage it all by myself. How can I make them change their ideas?
写作要点：1. 告诉Mike要理解父母亲。2. 给Mike提出解决问胜的具体建议。注意：1.词数100左右(不含己写好的部分)；2.可以适当增加细节.以使行文连贯。